CN103299809A - Organic vegetables multi-cropping potting technology - Google Patents

Organic vegetables multi-cropping potting technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103299809A
CN103299809A CN2013102352778A CN201310235277A CN103299809A CN 103299809 A CN103299809 A CN 103299809A CN 2013102352778 A CN2013102352778 A CN 2013102352778A CN 201310235277 A CN201310235277 A CN 201310235277A CN 103299809 A CN103299809 A CN 103299809A
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matrix
water
vegetables
cultivation
organic
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CN103299809B (en
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冯锡鸿
韩道杰
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Ningxia Zhongqing Agriculture Science & Technology Co ltd
Ningxia Zhongqing Biotechnology Co ltd
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NINGXIA ZHONGQING AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

An organic vegetable potting technology taking leaf vegetables as a major type and a cultivation medium reusing technology relate to the technical field of agricultural production and comprise the steps of substrate preparation, container preparation, sowing transplantation, management, picking and after manuring, and cultivation medium reuse. In the invention, according to spatial requirements, breeding organic vegetables can be cultivated in big-arch shelter facility, bare place and balconies, compared with the cultivating technology generally used at present, the technologies have the advantages that pollution from chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals can be avoided during the growth process, the plant growth is rapid, plants are large, yield and quality are high, substrate for cultivation can be reused, and people are enabled to enjoy countryside pleasure in spare time.

Description

Many batches of pot culture technology of organic vegetable
Technical field:
The present invention relates to field of agricultural production technologies, particularly a kind of vegetable-cultivating organic technology take leaf vegetables as main Types.
Background technology:
In recent years, the continuous continuous cropping plantation of booth vegetable, secrete a large amount of harmful substances, cause the underproduction and damage by disease and insect, the peasant uses chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals in a large number for increasing output, causes the problems such as vegetable nitrate exceeds standard, residue of pesticide more and more serious, quality of vegetable descends, and loses original natural nutrition and taste.Organic vegetable has good local flavor and quality, but its land retirement, conversion cost height have seriously restricted the development of organic vegetable production base.
This background has expedited the emergence of a kind of emerging growing vegetables pattern---pot culture organic vegetable, and the appearance of this technology can utilize original booth facility, uncultivated area and balcony, has both avoided the pollution of fertilizer and pesticide, can allow again the people realize after work the enjoyment in rural area.But the Vegetable technology of generally using is at present added perlite with flowerpot dress soil or the peat composed of rotten mosses, the cultivation of the inorganic mineral such as vermiculite, haydite, mend in the process of growth and execute chemical fertilizer, planting density is generally excessive, has that plant growth is slow, plant is too small, the low inferior problem of yield and quality; And cultivate used matrix and mostly be disposable utilization, flowerpot is difficult for greatly moving.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of more easy organic vegetable pot culture technology and cultivation matrix recycling technology.
The present invention's related technical scheme one of dealing with problems: a kind of more easy organic vegetable pot culture technology may further comprise the steps:
One, matrix is prepared
1, organic materials is prepared: coconut palm chaff, mushroom residue mix according to volume ratio 1.2:0.8 with feces of livestock and poultry respectively, and overlay film is banked up and fermented 20 ~ 30 days, and water content is down to 20 ~ 30%.
2, substrate preparation: organic materials is mixed according to volume ratio 4 ~ 5:2 ~ 3 with the peat composed of rotten mosses, and water spray is to water content about 50%.
Two, container is prepared
Of the present invention is food grade plastic nutritive cube or the nonwoven nutritive cube of 12cm * 12cm ~ 14cm * 14cm.
Three, sowing is transplanted
The present invention can adopt live or breeding is transplanted.
The matrix nutritive cube of packing into, for ease of watering, apart from rim of a cup 1.5 ~ 2cm.2 ~ 3 leaf vegetables crops of each nutritive cube cultivation, two crop interval 8cm, three plantations triangular in shape are from limit 2cm.
According to the demand in space, can arbitrarily make up a plurality of nutritive cubes, as be positioned over the cultivation of booth facility, can lay first one deck mulch film in underground isolation, every row's nutritive cube can be arranged according to the 30cm line-spacing; Balcony forms different patterns and decorates balcony.
Four, management
Leaf vegetables sowing or water when transplanting is permeablely watered in the process of growth easily on a small quantity repeatedly, and the matrix superficial drying can water, and is advisable at the bottom of just having appeared glass with water at every turn, and sick for preventing the vegetables humidity, pot culture rushes root and waters.
Five, harvesting is topdressed
During harvesting, from outside to inside, keep growing point and 2 ~ 3 blades, every kind of leaf vegetables can be plucked 2 ~ 3 times, every results once impose a fertilizer and soak water or certain density milk or soya-bean milk, and Rate of Organic Fertilizer is 50g, and milk or soya-bean milk consumption are that per 10 alms bowl vegetables are executed 500g, cultivation matrix can be planted 2 ~ 3 batches of vegetables every year, can pluck 5 ~ 9 times.
The present invention's related technical scheme two of dealing with problems: the recycling technology of matrix may further comprise the steps:
1, removes nutrition cup, remove root system, reclaim matrix, airing dry sterilization, then the fertilizer 50g of every alms bowl matrix blending NPK content 5% ~ 8%.
2, the matrix that reclaims is mixed according to 2:1 with mushroom residue again, the dress alms bowl continues to use.
3, after the replacing kind, sowing, earthing 0.5 ~ 1cm.Every alms bowl 2 ~ 3 caves, triangular planting is from limit 2cm.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: according to the needs in space, can be with the vegetable-cultivating organic of seed selection in booth facility, uncultivated area and balcony, compare with the culture technique of generally using at present, both avoided the pollution of fertilizer and pesticide in the process of growth, plant growth is rapid, and plant is large, and yield and quality is high, and cultivating used matrix can reuse, and can allow again the people realize after work the enjoyment in rural area.
Embodiment:
1, coconut palm chaff, mushroom residue mix according to volume ratio 1.2:0.8 with feces of livestock and poultry respectively, and overlay film is banked up and fermented 20 ~ 30 days, and water content is down to 20 ~ 30%.Organic materials is mixed according to volume ratio 4 ~ 5:2 ~ 3 with the peat composed of rotten mosses, and water spray is to water content about 50%.
2, matrix pack into the cultivation alms bowl in, water permeable.
3, every alms bowl 2 ~ 3 caves, triangular planting is from limit 2cm.
4, emerge after, water take matrix topsoil drying as standard at every turn, at the bottom of water appears glass till.

Claims (1)

1. an organic vegetable pot culture technology and cultivation matrix recycling technology is characterized in that:
One, matrix is prepared:
1, organic materials is prepared: coconut palm chaff, rice husk, mushroom residue mix according to volume ratio 6 ~ 7:2 ~ 3 with feces of livestock and poultry respectively, and overlay film is banked up and fermented the dry water yield to 20 ~ 30% 15 ~ 20 days;
2, substrate preparation: organic materials is mixed according to volume ratio 4 ~ 5:2 ~ 3 with the peat composed of rotten mosses, and water spray is to water content about 50%;
Two, container is prepared:
Adopt food grade plastic nutritive cube or the nonwoven nutritive cube of 12cm * 12cm ~ 14cm * 14cm;
Three, sowing is transplanted:
The matrix nutritive cube of packing into, for ease of watering, apart from rim of a cup 1.5 ~ 2cm, 2 ~ 3 leaf vegetables crops of each nutritive cube cultivation, two crop interval 8cm, three plantations triangular in shape are from limit 2cm;
Four, management:
Leaf vegetables sowing or water when transplanting is permeablely watered in the process of growth easily on a small quantity repeatedly, and the matrix superficial drying can water, and is advisable at the bottom of just having appeared glass with water at every turn, and sick for preventing the vegetables humidity, pot culture rushes root and waters;
Five, harvesting is topdressed:
During harvesting, from outside to inside, keep growing point and 2 ~ 3 blades, every kind of leaf vegetables can be plucked 2 ~ 3 times, every results once impose a fertilizer and soak water or certain density milk or soya-bean milk, and Rate of Organic Fertilizer is 50g, and milk or soya-bean milk consumption are that per 10 alms bowl vegetables are executed 500g, cultivation matrix can be planted 2 ~ 3 batches of vegetables every year, can pluck 5 ~ 9 times;
Six, the recycling of cultivation matrix:
1, removes nutrition cup, remove root system, reclaim matrix, airing dry sterilization, then the fertilizer 50g of every alms bowl matrix blending NPK content 5% ~ 8%;
2, the matrix that reclaims is mixed according to 2:1 with mushroom residue again, the dress alms bowl continues to use;
3, after the replacing kind, sowing, earthing 0.5 ~ 1cm; Every alms bowl 2 ~ 3 caves, triangular planting is from limit 2cm.
CN201310235277.8A 2013-06-14 2013-06-14 Organic vegetables multi-cropping potting technology Active CN103299809B (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104350927A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-02-18 扬州大学 Cultivation method of Chinese cabbage on balcony
CN105009721A (en) * 2014-07-27 2015-11-04 施国樑 Isolated planting farmland applying rail-based robot
CN105191763A (en) * 2014-06-24 2015-12-30 上海多利农业发展有限公司 Vegetable organic soil-less culture method, culture medium and manufacturing method thereof
CN105732131A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-06 吕强 Planting method for potted organic leaf vegetables
CN105766589A (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-07-20 江苏农林职业技术学院 Method for three-dimensional soilless organic cultivation of leaf vegetables
WO2017219493A1 (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-12-28 广东森维绿联科技有限公司 Soilless culture substrate and cultivation method for leaf vegetables
CN107926614A (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-04-20 上海交通大学 The culture media composition and its cultivation plate of green vegetable plantation
CN109618872A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-04-16 五洲丰农业科技有限公司 A kind of reusable cultivation matrix
CN110622785A (en) * 2018-06-22 2019-12-31 深圳市益民活性菜种植有限公司 Novel organic living vegetable cultivation technology
CN112369301A (en) * 2020-11-18 2021-02-19 儋州牧春绿色生态农业开发有限公司 Culture medium for Juncao and preparation method thereof
CN113179875A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-07-30 宁夏中青农业科技有限公司 Interplanting cultivation method and system using cultivation pillow
CN113179876A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-07-30 宁夏中青农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method for planting four-crop tomatoes by using matrix cultivation pillow
CN114391479A (en) * 2022-02-15 2022-04-26 宁夏中青农业科技有限公司 Dynamic fermentation process for ecological cycle of wood fiber, cow dung and cow urine

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105191763A (en) * 2014-06-24 2015-12-30 上海多利农业发展有限公司 Vegetable organic soil-less culture method, culture medium and manufacturing method thereof
CN105009721A (en) * 2014-07-27 2015-11-04 施国樑 Isolated planting farmland applying rail-based robot
CN104350927A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-02-18 扬州大学 Cultivation method of Chinese cabbage on balcony
CN105732131A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-06 吕强 Planting method for potted organic leaf vegetables
CN105766589A (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-07-20 江苏农林职业技术学院 Method for three-dimensional soilless organic cultivation of leaf vegetables
WO2017219493A1 (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-12-28 广东森维绿联科技有限公司 Soilless culture substrate and cultivation method for leaf vegetables
CN107926614A (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-04-20 上海交通大学 The culture media composition and its cultivation plate of green vegetable plantation
CN110622785A (en) * 2018-06-22 2019-12-31 深圳市益民活性菜种植有限公司 Novel organic living vegetable cultivation technology
CN109618872A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-04-16 五洲丰农业科技有限公司 A kind of reusable cultivation matrix
CN112369301A (en) * 2020-11-18 2021-02-19 儋州牧春绿色生态农业开发有限公司 Culture medium for Juncao and preparation method thereof
CN113179875A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-07-30 宁夏中青农业科技有限公司 Interplanting cultivation method and system using cultivation pillow
CN113179876A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-07-30 宁夏中青农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method for planting four-crop tomatoes by using matrix cultivation pillow
CN113179876B (en) * 2021-04-30 2022-08-23 宁夏中青农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method for planting four-crop tomatoes by using matrix cultivation pillow
CN114391479A (en) * 2022-02-15 2022-04-26 宁夏中青农业科技有限公司 Dynamic fermentation process for ecological cycle of wood fiber, cow dung and cow urine

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Address after: Xingqing District of Yinchuan city the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 750001 Tong GUI Xiang Si Jia Qiao village two team

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