CN104170619A - Good-quality high-yield planting method for Chinese medical herbs - Google Patents

Good-quality high-yield planting method for Chinese medical herbs Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104170619A
CN104170619A CN201410383517.3A CN201410383517A CN104170619A CN 104170619 A CN104170619 A CN 104170619A CN 201410383517 A CN201410383517 A CN 201410383517A CN 104170619 A CN104170619 A CN 104170619A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
seedling
chinese medical
ditches
traditional chinese
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CN201410383517.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冉元成
冉孔熙
龙仁堂
黄克兵
吕东友
阮开胜
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CHONGQING QIANKUN ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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CHONGQING QIANKUN ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410383517.3A priority Critical patent/CN104170619A/en
Publication of CN104170619A publication Critical patent/CN104170619A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a good-quality high-yield planting method for Chinese medical herbs. The method comprises the following steps: (1) seedling raising: selecting novel species with full and round seeds and free from both plant diseases and insect pests, ditching ditches of 4-6 cm in depth on a seedbed according to the line spacing of 15 cm, irrigating the ditches, sowing the novel species in the ditches, earthing after sowing, slightly compressing, and covering the seedbed with wormwood; (2) transplanting: excavating deep ditches in a field according to the line spacing of 60-80 cm, mounting clay boxes between the adjacent deep ditches, transplanting seedlings on the clay boxes according to the row spacing of 10-15 cm, and watering after planting; (3) fertilizing: applying a fertilizer of 300 kg per mu, wherein the fertilizer is formed by mixing phosphate fertilizer and compound fertilizer at the proportion of 2:1; (4) disease prevention and control: when the seedlings are 10 cm in height, spraying the seedlings with 50% carbendazol 600-fold liquor twice every week; (5) harvesting and processing: harvesting the ripe Chinese medical herbs, removing clay and impurities, air-curing and removing roots. According to the invention, the yield per mu of the planted Chinese medical herbs is improved and the quality of the planted Chinese medical herbs is high.

Description

A kind of good quality and high output implantation methods of traditional Chinese medicine
Technical field
The present invention relates to medicinal plant planting technology field, relate in particular to a kind of good quality and high output implantation methods of traditional Chinese medicine.
Background technology
Traditional Chinese medicine is the raw material of China's Chinese medicinal formulae and patent medicine, medicinal plant, medicinal animal and mineral drug, consists of, and wherein plant medicinal material accounts for 90% left and right.The medicinal material of whole nation application has 1000~1200 kinds, and wherein natural crude drugs kind accounts for 80% left and right, and cultivated drug assortment class accounts for 20% left and right.The supply of goods of cultivation medicinal material accounts for medicinal material and uses the more than 70% of total amount, and the planting of medicinal materials has become the main source of China's medicinal material.
Along with social progress, the reach of science, has the content of high-tech to high yield, diseases prevention and the labor management of plantation traditional Chinese medicine.And have certain advantage in Wuling mountain area soil property, weather, height above sea level.In several years of past, the plantation bighead atractylodes rhizome, corydalis tuber, the bulb of fritillary do not reach high yield all the time, even end in failure, and this is because still adopting original implantation methods, and Shortcomings still in planting link lacks the implantation methods of science.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of good quality and high output implantation methods of traditional Chinese medicine, improved the per mu yield of traditional Chinese medicine plantation, the traditional Chinese medicine of producing is best in quality.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A good quality and high output implantation methods for traditional Chinese medicine, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) grow seedlings: select full seed, without the novel species of damage by disease and insect, press line-spacing 15cm trench digging on seedbed, ditch depth 4-6cm, pours water in ditch, and described novel species is sowed in ditch, broadcasts rear earthing, suppresses a little, covers wormwood on seedbed;
(2) transplant: when seedling grows to 10cm height, by line-spacing 60-80cm, on field, excavate zanjon, native case is installed between adjacent zanjon, described seedling is transplanted on described native case by spacing in the rows 10-15cm, after cultivation, water;
(3) fertilising: execute for every mu and broadcast 300 jin, fertilizer, wherein, described fertilizer is mixed with the ratio of 2: 1 by phosphate fertilizer and composite fertilizer;
(4) disease control: when seedling grows to 10cm height, the 600 times of liquid of carbendazim with 50% spray seedling, and number of times is twice weekly;
(5) processing of gathering: the traditional Chinese medicine after maturation is gathered in time, remove earth impurity, airing takes off palpus.
When described seedling grows to 30cm height, stop spraying medicine; Described traditional Chinese medicine is the bighead atractylodes rhizome, corydalis tuber or the bulb of fritillary.
Compared with prior art, the embodiment of the present invention at least has the following advantages:
In the embodiment of the present invention, in the process of traditional Chinese medicine plantation, choose when producing optimum good seed per year and carry out seedling culture, the mode of transplanting by cultivation is cultivated, and line-spacing and the nest distance of the plantation of reasonable arrangement field, seedling is carried out to spraying medicine twice weekly on time and carry out prevention and elimination of disease and pests, improved survival rate and the output of plantation, higher by the traditional Chinese medicine quality of utilizing this programme to produce.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described, and following examples are descriptive, is not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.
A good quality and high output implantation methods for traditional Chinese medicine, the method comprises the following steps:
(1) grow seedlings: select full seed, without the novel species of damage by disease and insect, press line-spacing 15cm trench digging on seedbed, ditch depth 4-6cm, pours water in ditch, and novel species is sowed in ditch, broadcasts rear earthing, suppresses a little, covers wormwood on seedbed.
For improving percentage of seedgermination, enhancing germination vigor, pre-preventing disease and pest, must select and newly produce then seed, before sowing, also should carry out seed treatment, comprising: 1, selected and bask seeds, seeds low to purity, that impurity is many should carry out selected, guarantee that seed is pure full, reduce disease, worm, crop smothering, sow first 1~2 day and bask seeds, also can promote the activity of enzyme, improve the vigor of seed.2, the method such as presoaking and germinating, mechanical damage, Chemical treatment, can break seed dormancy, increases kind of the saturating property of skin, promotes seed water suction, early germinates.3, the pre-diseases prevention worm of sterilizing is caused harm, and with 25% or 50% carbendazim seed dressing, the 0.2%-1% that consumption is grain weight, or medication immersion bubble, dip in asexual propagation material.
(2) transplant: when seedling grows to 10cm height, by line-spacing 60-80cm, on field, excavate zanjon, native case is installed between adjacent zanjon, described seedling is transplanted on described native case by spacing in the rows 10-15cm, after cultivation, water;
After having grown seedlings, take the seedling educating then, the height of seedling is generally in 10cm left and right, on the field of putting in order in advance, according to the distance of 60-80cm, excavate zanjon, and between adjacent zanjon, install native case, soil needs to cover one deck soil above case, and the height of earthing be take and covered the above 2-3cm of seedling root as the best.The transplanting method of this suitcase corrugate of the present invention, make current by the zanjon field of flowing through, in the process of water flow, the soil in native case can absorb water and nutrient wherein, while so both having guaranteed to irrigate, moisture content can not corrode the coring of seedling, had guaranteed again the abundance of seedling nutrient.
(3) fertilising: execute for every mu and broadcast 300 jin, fertilizer, wherein, fertilizer is mixed with the ratio of 2: 1 by phosphate fertilizer and composite fertilizer, and every mu of 300 jin of fertilizer executing to broadcast are evenly mixed by 200 jin of phosphate fertilizer He100Jin composite fertilizers.
(4) disease control: grow to 10cm when height seedling, the 600 times of liquid of carbendazim with 50% spray seedling, number of times is weekly twice, and grows to 30cm highly time when seedling, stops spraying medicine.
In traditional Chinese medicine planting process, as reasonably carried out not in time herbal sprinkling, will very easily there is damage by disease and insect, can give medicinal material volume increase, increase income and bring adverse influence.Now by traditional Chinese medicine in full summer more incident several disease have, root rot, root knot nematode disease, leaf spot, leaf spot, rust etc., traditional Chinese medicine seedling, grow to 10cm when high, just need to spray the medicine of preventing and treating disease to it, this programme adopts the dilution of carbendazim to spray whole young cats, by medicine is reasonably diluted, the significantly generation of disease and pest control.
(5) processing of gathering: the traditional Chinese medicine after maturation is gathered in time, remove earth impurity, airing takes off palpus.
Traditional Chinese medicine in this programme is the bighead atractylodes rhizome, corydalis tuber or the bulb of fritillary.
Compared with prior art, the embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages:
By the technical scheme of the application embodiment of the present invention, in the process of traditional Chinese medicine plantation, choose when producing optimum good seed per year and carry out seedling culture, the mode of transplanting by cultivation is cultivated, and in conjunction with the planting patterns with the suitcase corrugate of local characteristic, the line-spacing of planting by reasonable arrangement field and nest distance, guaranteed the pine appropriateness of soil, make moisture can not corrode coring, add weekly and seedling is carried out to spraying medicine prevention and elimination of disease and pests on time, greatly improved output, high by the traditional Chinese medicine quality of utilizing this programme to produce, the value of medicinal material is improved.
The above; be only the present invention's embodiment preferably, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this, is anyly familiar with in technical scope that those skilled in the art disclose in the present invention; the variation that can expect easily or replacement, within all should being encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claims.

Claims (3)

1. a good quality and high output implantation methods for traditional Chinese medicine, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) grow seedlings: select full seed, without the novel species of damage by disease and insect, press line-spacing 15cm trench digging on seedbed, ditch depth 4-6cm, pours water in ditch, and described novel species is sowed in ditch, broadcasts rear earthing, suppresses a little, covers wormwood on seedbed;
(2) transplant: when seedling grows to 10cm height, by line-spacing 60-80cm, on field, excavate zanjon, native case is installed between adjacent zanjon, described seedling is transplanted on described native case by spacing in the rows 10-15cm, after cultivation, water;
(3) fertilising: execute for every mu and broadcast 300 jin, fertilizer, wherein, described fertilizer is mixed with the ratio of 2: 1 by phosphate fertilizer and composite fertilizer;
(4) disease control: when seedling grows to 10cm height, the 600 times of liquid of carbendazim with 50% spray seedling, and number of times is twice weekly;
(5) processing of gathering: the traditional Chinese medicine after maturation is gathered in time, remove earth impurity, airing takes off palpus.
2. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, described step (4) comprising:
When described seedling grows to 30cm height, stop spraying medicine.
3. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, described traditional Chinese medicine is the bighead atractylodes rhizome, corydalis tuber or the bulb of fritillary.
CN201410383517.3A 2014-08-06 2014-08-06 Good-quality high-yield planting method for Chinese medical herbs Pending CN104170619A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106538162A (en) * 2015-09-17 2017-03-29 武隆县民祥中药材种植场 A kind of high-yield planting method of Chinese crude drug

Citations (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0315326A (en) * 1989-06-12 1991-01-23 Nitto Denko Corp Production of young seedling of plant of genus pinellia
CN101743838A (en) * 2009-12-22 2010-06-23 李远林 Method for planting rhizome Chinese medicinal materials through biotechnology
CN102067773A (en) * 2010-02-01 2011-05-25 熊应生 Yam planting method
CN102132655A (en) * 2010-12-27 2011-07-27 赣州亿圆生物药业有限公司 Planting method of radix clematidis
CN102988443A (en) * 2012-11-20 2013-03-27 亳州市永刚饮片厂有限公司 Production method of sulfur-free atractylodes medicinal slices
CN103053290A (en) * 2011-10-18 2013-04-24 李洪运 Atractylodes macrocephala cultivation technology
CN103238425A (en) * 2012-02-02 2013-08-14 赵玉龙 Atractylodes ovata seedling and transplanting method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0315326A (en) * 1989-06-12 1991-01-23 Nitto Denko Corp Production of young seedling of plant of genus pinellia
CN101743838A (en) * 2009-12-22 2010-06-23 李远林 Method for planting rhizome Chinese medicinal materials through biotechnology
CN102067773A (en) * 2010-02-01 2011-05-25 熊应生 Yam planting method
CN102132655A (en) * 2010-12-27 2011-07-27 赣州亿圆生物药业有限公司 Planting method of radix clematidis
CN103053290A (en) * 2011-10-18 2013-04-24 李洪运 Atractylodes macrocephala cultivation technology
CN103238425A (en) * 2012-02-02 2013-08-14 赵玉龙 Atractylodes ovata seedling and transplanting method
CN102988443A (en) * 2012-11-20 2013-03-27 亳州市永刚饮片厂有限公司 Production method of sulfur-free atractylodes medicinal slices

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
朱才熙: "白术高产栽培技术", 《特种经济动植物》 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106538162A (en) * 2015-09-17 2017-03-29 武隆县民祥中药材种植场 A kind of high-yield planting method of Chinese crude drug

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