CN102524010B - Method for sowing and raising seedlings of prunus tomentosa in summer - Google Patents

Method for sowing and raising seedlings of prunus tomentosa in summer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102524010B
CN102524010B CN 201210012519 CN201210012519A CN102524010B CN 102524010 B CN102524010 B CN 102524010B CN 201210012519 CN201210012519 CN 201210012519 CN 201210012519 A CN201210012519 A CN 201210012519A CN 102524010 B CN102524010 B CN 102524010B
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China
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sowing
soil
fruit
year
summer
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CN 201210012519
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CN102524010A (en
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罗春香
刘金红
王七斤
赵玉良
何永波
邵卫东
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山西省农业科学院园艺研究所
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Abstract

The invention particularly relates to a method for sowing and raising seedlings of prunus tomentosa in summer. By the method, the germination rate of the prunus tomentosa is improved. The method for sowing and raising the seedlings of prunus tomentosa in summer comprises the following steps of: screening fruits, selecting a nursery lot, flattening lands, performing deep ploughing and intensive cultivation, sowing in a spaced sowing mode, managing soil after sowing, managing after seedling emergence and the like. According to the method, the fruits are sown instead of common seeds; the fruits are sown in summer instead of spring or autumn; and the fruits are sown while the picking, the pulp removal and storage of the fruits are avoided, seed treatment is avoided, the germination rate is over 90 percent and is higher than that of spring sowing and autumn sowing methods, and the growth rate of nursery-grown plants is higher than that of the nursery-grown plants in the spring sowing and autumn sowing methods, so that the grafting thickness of the nursery-grown plants can be reached one year earlier, and the outplanting of the nursery-grown plants is realized one year earlier.

Description

Nanking cherry summer sowing seedling-cultivating method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the seeding growing seedlings method of Nanking cherry, be specially a kind of Nanking cherry summer sowing seedling-cultivating method.
Background technology
Nanking cherry belongs to the rose family, Prunus, and shrub, high 3 ~ 5 meters.Drupe is oval, 1 centimetre of diameter, and redness, the tip point is by pubescence.May at florescence, really 6 ~ August of phase.Nanking cherry mainly is distributed in China northeast, North China and Shandong, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan, Tibet etc. and economizes in the cheuch border or hillside shrubbery in (district).Nanking cherry is cold-resistant, drought-enduring, strong adaptability, get bumper crops, enter fruiting period early, is coldly valuable fruit tree and ornamental plants, and can cultivate the good parent of cold-resistant cherry; Smell fragrance, flower is dense, and the nectar source can be provided; Fruit can be edible and processing, also can make wine; Fruit and seed can be used as medicine, and beneficial gas during fruit can be transferred, seed have the effects such as prevention macula, measles.Nanking cherry also can be used as the stock of the basic anvil of peach, plum, large cherry or flowering peach, flowering plum.The seed seedling-raising of Nanking cherry divides two kinds of spring sowing and planteds in fall: autumn sowing generally mid-November to the last ten-days period, before soil is freeze-up, with the seed that gathers then, with 0.3-0.5% potassium permanganate solution seed soaking 1 hour, rinse well and can sow with clear water, adopt drilling, the wide 5cm of sown scope, line-spacing 20cm, ditch depth 4-5cm, earthing 4-4.5cm broadcasts the sufficient water of rear filling so that soil moisture conservation is passed the winter; The sowing in spring in the time of will treating that 40-50% splits mouth through the seed of the husky root of Dahurian angelica (or snow root of Dahurian angelica), is taken out the trench digging drilling generally in late April, and earthing is thinner than autumn sowing to be 2.5-3cm, the same autumn sowing of other production links.These two kinds of general emergence rates of method can reach 60%.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of Nanking cherry summer sowing seedling-cultivating method in order to improve the emergence rate of Nanking cherry sowing.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize: Nanking cherry summer sowing seedling-cultivating method, may further comprise the steps,
(1) screening fruit is selected the vigorous Nanking cherry tree without damage by disease and insect of grows wild, and gather after the Nanking cherry fruit full maturity the first tenday period of a month in June;
(2) select nursery lot, be specially and do not plant tone fruit trees, smooth, the well-drained shady and cool plot of physical features before selecting, and the soil of selecting that the soil is porous, permeability good, not hardening;
(3) level land, deep ploughing and intensive cultivation is specially and carries out soil disinfection before deep ploughing, every mu of fine earth that contains 5% thimet that spreads fertilizer over the fields 1.5kg, and then farming, the dark 5 ~ 6cm that ditches, furrow width 15cm, ditch hold rear mu successfully and spread fertilizer over the fields 100 kilograms of composite fertilizers;
(4) ripening fruits of gathering is directly carried out program request sowing (directly the meaning is processed directly sowing for the ripening fruits that gather the first tenday period of a month in June without any storage), the Nanking cherry fruit will be put the both sides of ditch during sowing, distance 1 ㎝ between the fruit, after broadcasting, fruit carrying out earthing, thickness of earth covering 7 ~ 8cm; Every mu of seeding quantity is 50 ~ 75kg;
(5) after planting soil management with the shallow hoe of hoe, about late November then, is watered before soil is freeze-up permeable one time greatly during if any weeds, and Second Year carries out shallow hoe and dredge soil early spring, flattens with rake again, and the earth's surface covers with withered weeds or shade net; Carry out the control of chafer before emerging;
(6) management after emerging; In time the weeds or the shade net that cover were removed in 3 ~ 5 days after Second Year is emerged, water once during seedling growth to 10 ~ 15cm, Second Year in conjunction with watering, fertilizing once uses urea 4~6kg/667m June 2, Seedling Stage is sent out the phase worm and is prevented and treated 1~2 time with 0.02%~0.04% Imidacloprid solution.
The earth's surface covers with withered weeds or shade net, is dead in order to prevent tender seedling from being burnt by high light; Imidacloprid solution is in order to prevent that seedling is subjected to aphid damage; The degree of depth of trench digging and width have guaranteed Nanking cherry seedling grow up required nutrition and the space of later stage grafting.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows: utilize rational fruit, nursery lot, sowing time and emerge front and emerge after the selection of management method, realized the Nanking cherry Summer-sowing and grown seedlings.What the present invention sowed is fruit, rather than common sowing seed; Sowing time is in summer, rather than spring or autumn; The present invention namely adopts namely and broadcasts, and need not remove pulp, need not store, and does not need seed treatment, and emergence rate can reach more than 90%, be higher than to sow in spring and the emergence rate of autumn sowing method, and seedling growth than sow in spring and the autumn sowing method fast, can reach the grafting rugosity 1 year morning, go out the garden 1 year morning.
Pilot in the experiment, in 2 mu of ground, Hao Jiazhuan village, Changzhi City Changzhi County, sow 135 kilograms of Nanking cherrys, approximately 53538 on July 5,15 days to 2009 June in 2009,48720 strains of emerging in 2010, emergence rate is about 91%, but sapling namely grew into the grafting rugosity in 2011, and autumn in 2011 can go out the garden.
Embodiment
Nanking cherry summer sowing seedling-cultivating method may further comprise the steps,
(1) screening fruit is selected the vigorous Nanking cherry tree without damage by disease and insect of grows wild, and gather after the Nanking cherry fruit full maturity the first tenday period of a month in June;
(2) select nursery lot, be specially and do not plant tone fruit trees, smooth, the well-drained shady and cool plot of physical features before selecting, and the soil of selecting that the soil is porous, permeability good, not hardening;
(3) level land, deep ploughing and intensive cultivation is specially and carries out soil disinfection before deep ploughing, every mu of fine earth that contains 5% thimet that spreads fertilizer over the fields 1.5kg, then farming, the dark 5 ~ 6cm(that ditches is specially 5cm or 5.5cm or 6cm), furrow width 15cm, ditch hold rear mu successfully and spread fertilizer over the fields 100 kilograms of composite fertilizers;
(4) ripening fruits of gathering is directly carried out the program request sowing, the both sides that will put the Nanking cherry fruit ditch during sowing, distance 1 ㎝ between the fruit is carrying out earthing after fruit is broadcast, thickness of earth covering 7 ~ 8cm(is specially 7cm or 8cm); Every mu of seeding quantity is that 50 ~ 75kg(is specially 50kg or 65kg or 75kg);
(5) after planting soil management with the shallow hoe of hoe, about late November then, is watered before soil is freeze-up permeable one time greatly during if any weeds, and Second Year carries out shallow hoe and dredge soil early spring, flattens with rake again, and the earth's surface covers with withered weeds or shade net; Carry out the control of chafer before emerging;
(6) management after emerging; 3 ~ 5 days (being specially 3 days or 4 days or 5 days) in time removed the weeds or the shade net that cover after Second Year was emerged, seedling growth to 10 ~ 15cm(is specially 10cm or 13cm or 15cm) time waters once, Second Year in conjunction with watering, fertilizing once uses urea 4~6kg/667m June 2(be specially 4kg/667m 2Or 5kg/667m 24 or 6kg/667m 2), Seedling Stage is sent out the phase with 0.02%~0.04% Imidacloprid solution (being specially 0.02% Imidacloprid solution or 0.04% Imidacloprid solution) control 1~2 time worm.
In the specific implementation process, the method for preventing and treating of chafer can adopt following methods:
1. medicament processing method: Second Year mid-April, pacify the people happy with 40% or soil (be specially and be diluted to 200 times, 260 times and 300 times) are sprayed in 200 ~ 300 times of 40% good labour's missible oil dilutions in chafer Sheng phase of being unearthed;
2. light trap method: Second Year mid-April a black light lamp or 60 watts of bulbs are installed in the orchard, under lamp, are placed a basin or water vat, make to lure the chafer that comes to drop in water, to be slaughtered.
3. chemotactic trapping method: Second Year mid-April the trapping basin that sugar-vinegar liquid is housed is set in the orchard, sugar-vinegar liquid is made into by 80 parts in 5 parts in brown sugar, 20 parts of vinegar, water.

Claims (2)

1. Nanking cherry summer sowing seedling-cultivating method is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps,
(1) screening fruit is selected the vigorous Nanking cherry tree without damage by disease and insect of grows wild, and gather after the Nanking cherry fruit full maturity the first tenday period of a month in June;
(2) select nursery lot, be specially and do not plant tone fruit trees, smooth, the well-drained shady and cool plot of physical features before selecting, and the soil of selecting that the soil is porous, permeability good, not hardening;
(3) level land, deep ploughing and intensive cultivation is specially and carries out soil disinfection before deep ploughing, every mu of fine earth that contains 5% thimet that spreads fertilizer over the fields 1.5kg, and then farming, the dark 5 ~ 6cm that ditches, furrow width 15cm, ditch hold rear mu successfully and spread fertilizer over the fields 100 kilograms of composite fertilizers;
(4) ripening fruits of gathering is directly carried out the program request sowing, the both sides that will put the Nanking cherry fruit ditch during sowing, distance 1 ㎝ carries out earthing, thickness of earth covering 7 ~ 8cm again between the fruit after fruit is broadcast; Every mu of seeding quantity is 50 ~ 75kg;
(5) after planting soil management with the shallow hoe of hoe, about late November then, is watered before soil is freeze-up permeable one time greatly during if any weeds; Second Year carries out the thin soil of shallow hoe early spring, flattens with rake again, and the earth's surface covers with withered weeds or shade net; Carry out the control of chafer before emerging;
(6) management after emerging; In time the weeds or the shade net that cover were removed in 3 ~ 5 days after Second Year is emerged, water once during seedling growth to 10 ~ 15cm, Second Year in conjunction with watering, fertilizing once uses urea 4~6kg/667m June 2, Seedling Stage is sent out the phase worm and is prevented and treated 1~2 time with 0.02%~0.04% Imidacloprid solution.
2. Nanking cherry summer sowing seedling-cultivating method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the method for preventing and treating of chafer adopts following methods in the described step (5):
1. medicament processing method: Second Year mid-April, pacify the people happy with 40% or soil are sprayed in 200 ~ 300 times of 40% good labour's missible oil dilutions in chafer Sheng phase of being unearthed;
2. light trap method: Second Year mid-April a black light lamp or 60 watts of bulbs are installed in the orchard, under lamp, are placed a basin or water vat, make to lure the chafer that comes to drop in water, to be slaughtered;
3. chemotactic trapping method: Second Year mid-April the trapping basin that sugar-vinegar liquid is housed is set in the orchard, sugar-vinegar liquid is made into by 80 parts in 5 parts in brown sugar, 20 parts of vinegar, water.
CN 201210012519 2012-01-16 2012-01-16 Method for sowing and raising seedlings of prunus tomentosa in summer CN102524010B (en)

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CN103430807B (en) * 2013-08-16 2015-03-11 天水市果树研究所 Method for cultivating cherry seedlings
CN104041332B (en) * 2014-05-29 2016-02-10 丹阳市保得生态农林开发有限公司 A kind of cherry grafting method
CN104115720B (en) * 2014-08-12 2016-09-28 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 The method of mirabalan fruit seedling
CN105103906A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-02 固镇县绿禾家庭农场 Tomentosa cherry planting method
CN105475078A (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-04-13 何天柱 Method for planting amygdalus pedunculata pall
CN105660260A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-15 务川县金锋猕猴桃种植农民专业合作社 Method for preventing and treating scarab insect damage on kiwi fruit trees
CN106416901A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-22 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 Planting management method for increasing fruit setting rate of Manchu cherries
CN106234149A (en) * 2016-10-13 2016-12-21 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 A kind of hybrid breeding method of dragon hat Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi
CN106613649A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-10 永仁金宏农业科技开发有限公司 Cherry seedling culture method
CN106718568B (en) * 2016-12-15 2018-07-10 李玉龙 A kind of cherry method for culturing seedlings
CN107771601A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-03-09 安徽徽大农业有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of gean

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