CN104157927B - A kind of full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell and method - Google Patents

A kind of full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104157927B
CN104157927B CN201410415339.8A CN201410415339A CN104157927B CN 104157927 B CN104157927 B CN 104157927B CN 201410415339 A CN201410415339 A CN 201410415339A CN 104157927 B CN104157927 B CN 104157927B
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electrokinetic cell
station
feed
shell
toggling
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CN104157927A (en
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孔伟浩
陈炯文
陈进
梁维家
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Ningde Bangpu Recycling Technology Co.,Ltd.
Hunan Brunp Recycling Technology Co Ltd
Guangdong Brunp Recycling Technology Co Ltd
Hunan Bangpu Automobile Circulation Co Ltd
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Hunan Brunp Recycling Technology Co Ltd
Guangdong Brunp Recycling Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell, including 1. feed mechanism, 2. go up material conveyer, 3. four station material toggling mechanisms, 4. material-dividing and delivery, 5. cutter sweep, 6. separate feed mechanism, 7. seperator, 8. shell material storing box, 9. battery core material storing box.Along the direct of travel of electrokinetic cell, feed mechanism, upper material conveyer, four station material toggling mechanisms, material-dividing and delivery, cutter sweep, separation feed mechanism and seperator set gradually, and shell material storing box and battery core material storing box connect with seperator respectively.The invention still further relates to a kind of full-automatic disassembling method of waste and old electrokinetic cell.The present invention has simple in construction, disassembles the advantage that efficiency is high, have employed electrode head end once cut with battery core folder for one battery machine disassemble mode, belong to electrokinetic cell recycling field.

Description

A kind of full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Vehicular dynamic battery recycling field, particularly to a kind of current collection cartridge cutting and Battery core folder is for electrokinetic cell device for disassembling integrally and method.
Background technology
Along with environmental issue is paid close attention to by more countries more and more, new-energy automobile is the most constantly more Many countries are developed popularization.But, it is notable that important as in new-energy automobile industrial chain Ingredient, electrokinetic cell development is while improving performance, and the exploration of recycle and reuse pattern becomes One very important problem.
A period of time recently, the severe air that China constantly occurs pollutes, and causes common people and country is relevant The great attention of department.To this, relevant expert represents, following country may strengthen further to new forms of energy vapour The policy support of car.Once electric automobile market scale starts, and will bring explosion type to electrokinetic cell market Increase.
It is reported, the electrokinetic cell research of current China is concentrated mainly on and improves its security performance and service life etc. Aspect, and recycle link and seriously disconnect.The most mercurous for example as the lithium ion battery of electrokinetic cell, Cadmium, lead etc. poison big heavy metal element, but its material such as positive and negative pole material, electrolyte solution is to environment also It is to have a significant impact.There is research institution to predict, along with electric motor car demand rises comprehensively, will supply to lithium in 2017 Should not ask.Therefore, should set about studying electrokinetic cell early to reclaim and recycling problem.
Although the economy of current driving force battery recycling is the highest, along with application popularization, resource is petered out, Recycle link and would indicate that great value.Perhaps the following main place promoting industry competition is no longer lithium Resource exploitation, but reclaim.
From the point of view of the situation of current American-European countries, relevant manufactures is being carried forward vigorously electrokinetic cell recycling and is being ground Study carefully, reclaim for large-scale commercial applications and carry out technological reserve.Such as, Umicore Company of Belgium exploitation superhigh temperature skill Art, processes waste lithium cell.Toyota Motor Corporation and Umicore cooperation, intend the lithium to two Toyota Motor from Sub-battery reclaims.Toxco company of U.S. freezing battery under liquid nitrogen environment makes the chemistry of its material Character becomes torpescence, then disassembles battery and separates material therein.The most also there is no electrokinetic cell manufacturer Germany, also setting about research reclaim network System Construction.
In fact, the most also there is action in China, but sound is little." energy-conservation and new-energy automobile industry development Planning " the most clearly propose, electrokinetic cell to be formulated recycle management method, set electrokinetic cell reclaim and Regeneration enterprise entry criteria.But it is reported, current China electrokinetic cell recovery operation is sent out with new-energy automobile Exhibition is not mated, and reclaims market also unshaped.
50 pure electric coach battery closely dates of retirement that during 2008 Olympic Games, Beijing puts into, such as where The battery that reason is replaced is confronted the most already, becomes a problem the most to be solved.
Expecting 2015, accumulative the scrapping of domestic electrokinetic cell weighs about at about 20,000 4 ten thousand tons.And to 2020 Before and after Nian, China's the purest electronic (containing plug-in) passenger car and hybrid power passenger car electrokinetic cell accumulative Learies will reach the scale of 120,000 17 ten thousand tons.
Electrokinetic cell refers to have bigger power capacity and output, configurable electric bicycle, electronic vapour Car, electrical equipment and the battery of tool drives power supply;Electrokinetic cell safety present in the Dismantlement process Property influence factor and environmental pollution influence factor.Owing to electrokinetic cell energy is high, the process of disassembling can produce high temperature, Cause on fire even exploding, it is therefore desirable to use special equipment to disassemble, to reduce waste gas, useless The discharge that liquid, waste residue etc. pollute.
China disassembles recovery field at electrokinetic cell at present not yet great breakthrough, not yet has the special of maturation Electrokinetic cell device for disassembling.The most at present, the Apparatus and method for ratio disassembling electrokinetic cell specially is sparser.
Electrokinetic cell entirety becomes cube shaped, and its battery core is positioned at battery case, and one end of battery case sets There is electrode tip, by electrode tip, electrokinetic cell is accessed external circuit.Disassemble electrokinetic cell, need power Battery cuts with one end of electrode tip, then battery core is taken out from battery case from otch.But prior art In, most equipment can only the electrode tip of surface trimming battery, the operation that battery core is taken out still is needed craft Carry out.Accordingly, there exist following shortcoming: the most whole process of disassembling is not continuous print production process, inefficiency. 2., during disassembling by hand, operator is likely to be exposed the liquid of waste cell and sucks harmful gas, health risk. 3. old and useless battery still has the possibility of blast, and manual operation has potential safety hazard.
Summary of the invention
For technical problem present in prior art, it is an object of the invention to: provide a kind of current collection cartridge to cut Cut with battery core folder for the full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell integrally and method.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that
A kind of full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell, it is characterised in that: including: 1. feed mechanism, 2. Upper material conveyer, 3. four station material toggling mechanisms, 4. material-dividing and delivery, 5. cutter sweep, 6. separate feeder Structure, 7. seperator, 8. shell material storing box, 9. battery core material storing box.Along the direct of travel of electrokinetic cell, on Material mechanism, upper material conveyer, four station material toggling mechanisms, material-dividing and delivery, cutter sweep, separation feeder Structure and seperator set gradually, and shell material storing box and battery core material storing box connect with seperator respectively.As one Preferably, a kind of full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell also includes the feeding distribution mechanism of a conveying electrokinetic cell; Material-dividing and delivery, cutter sweep, separation feed mechanism, seperator, shell material storing box and the electricity connected successively Core material storing box has two groups, and one group separates A line for cutting, and one group separates B line for cutting;Cutting separates A line Connecting with four station material toggling mechanisms, cutting is separated B line and is connected by feeding distribution mechanism and four station material toggling mechanisms, Cutting separates A line and separates the frame for movement of B line symmetrically with cutting, and run action is identical, to enter simultaneously The cutting of row two lines journey separates processing, improves battery and disassembles efficiency.Preferred as one, a kind of waste and old dynamic The full-automatic device for disassembling of power battery also includes the feed back conveyer connected with four station material toggling mechanisms, for by height Recovery drained by pressure power battery, it is ensured that cutting action is carried out safely.The principle of the present invention is: have employed electrode Head end once cuts disassembles mode with battery core folder for battery machine integrally, and feed mechanism is capable of safety Feeding, prevents electrokinetic cell from putting in a jumble and causing short circuit in order;The baffle plate set up in the middle part of upper material conveyer will Electrokinetic cell is dialled down and utilizes the putting position of inertia automatic motivation of adjustment battery at the spacing place of its end;Dynamic Power battery carries out dimensional measurement by four station material toggling mechanisms, electrode tip direction adjusts, voltage detecting, by electricity Pressure pushes feed back conveyer higher than the electrokinetic cell of cutting safe voltage, less than the power current of cutting safe voltage Chi Ze separates A line by cutting or cutting separation B line carries out cutting and separates processing;Cutter sweep is according to power The size model of battery automatically adjusts saw blade to optimum Cutting position and carries out the cutting of electrode head end of electrokinetic cell Cut;The electrokinetic cell cut is delivered to separate feed mechanism, then advances it in seperator;Seperator can Size model according to electrokinetic cell is from dynamic adjustment cutting knife and the position of clip;First, paired cutting knife is stretched Enter in the space between battery core and the shell of battery core both sides, battery case two ends are strutted or break, then Battery core is pressed from both sides out by clip, and battery core falls into battery core material storing box, and shell falls into shell material storing box, and remaining waste product passes through Waste material material storing box is collected.
Feed mechanism includes: 1, send device by horizontal for the feeding of the battery manually put batch propelling movement;2, by one The material toggling mechanism of the secondary horizontal batch electrokinetic cell collective clamping sent;3, the feeding sub-material released for single battery Mechanism.After using this structure, orderly feeding, it is possible to prevent the electrode tip of electrokinetic cell from occurring with metal covering Collision is short-circuited phenomenon, and can control accurate feeding interval time, to control yield.
Four station material toggling mechanisms include: 1, the electrokinetic cell on upper material conveyer is advanced rotating-table apparatus, go forward side by side Line height is measured and the horizontal of angle detecting send poking device;2, horizontal poking device end is sent to position for coordinating Front blocking mechanism;3, for measuring the length detection mechanism of electrokinetic cell length;4, which is provided with thickness inspection Survey device, for the lifting blocking mechanism of length of fit testing agency end location;5, it is used for adjusting electrode tip The rotating-table apparatus in direction;6, the material toggling feed mechanism of four station conveyings is carried out;7, it is used for whether detecting voltage Voltage check device higher than cutting safe voltage;8, for coordinating voltage check device to carry out spacing detection Material-pulling device and clamping centralising device;9, the electrokinetic cell that will be above cutting safe voltage advances feed back conveyer Detection discharge device.Four station material toggling mechanisms are sequentially provided with four stations, are that electrokinetic cell direction is adjusted respectively Whole station, electrokinetic cell voltage detecting station, high-voltage battery get rid of station, discharging station.Horizontal send material toggling Device, rotating-table apparatus, front blocking mechanism, length detection mechanism, lifting blocking mechanism are arranged at power current Direction, pond adjusts station;Voltage check device, clamping centralising device, detection material-pulling device are arranged at power Battery voltage detection station;Detection discharge device is arranged on high-voltage battery and gets rid of station.It is preferred as one, Material toggling feed mechanism includes four material toggling arms linked, a corresponding station of material toggling arm.Use this knot After structure, the sized data of electrokinetic cell can be measured, then adjust the saw of cutter sweep according to these data Bar and the cutting knife of seperator and the position of clip.The placing direction of rotating-table apparatus motivation of adjustment battery so that it is pendulum Put direction unified.When detection electrokinetic cell voltage is higher than killer voltage, electrokinetic cell is pushed feed back conveyer, Collect to concentrate again and carry out discharge process, it is to avoid high-tension electrokinetic cell, when cutting, produces high temperature and makes Saw blade damages or causes more serious accident.Material toggling feed mechanism can carry out the material toggling action of four stations simultaneously, Strengthen harmony and the synchronicity of mechanism.
Feeding distribution mechanism includes: 1, for electrokinetic cell advances the linear conveying device of clamping turnover mechanism;2、 Electrode tip placing direction by electrokinetic cell falls the clamping turnover mechanism of turnback in the horizontal plane.Use this After planting structure, electrokinetic cell can be overturn 180 ° and make electrode tip put toward rightabout, deliver to cutting and separate On B line, separate, with cutting, the electrokinetic cell direction processed on A line with realization symmetrical.
Cutter sweep includes: 1, for electrokinetic cell advances the cutting feed mechanism of position to be cut;2, use When electrokinetic cell cuts, in horizontal direction, the sealing of positioning compression is clapped mechanism;3, cut for electrokinetic cell Time, above-below direction positions the pinch seal mechanism of clamping;4, the band sawing machine of cutting electrode head;5, drive Band sawing machine lifting and traversing sawing machine motion platform;6, after having cut, electrokinetic cell is sent into and separates feeder The lift rotating equipment of structure.After using this structure, band sawing machine can be adjusted by the size model of electrokinetic cell The optimum Cutting position of saw bar, and can completely cut portion be sealed, it is to avoid cut dust and have The evil gas impact on working environment.With lift rotating equipment complete cutter sweep with separate feed mechanism it Between transport action.
Seperator includes: 1, electrokinetic cell is overturn 90 ° of compression rotary apparatuss erected;2, electrokinetic cell When erecting, prevent it from falling down simultaneously and act the upset protection device holding in the palm tight device end position-limiting action;3, it is used for moving When power battery separates, the tight device of torr of thickness direction clamping and positioning;4, when electrokinetic cell separates, length The shell ejecting mechanism that direction clamping and positioning and separation rear casing are released;5, be used for adjusting cutting knife and clip height, The separation of width and center adjusts platform;6, for separating 10 tons of limits that adjustment lifting platform is spacing Position device;By 10 tons of ejection devices of quick for electrokinetic cell jack-up when 7, separating;8, for shell ejecting mechanism At the discharging position-limit mechanism that end is spacing during clamping electrokinetic cell;9, for the shell of power battery case discharging Discharging slideway;10, for the drawing mechanism of battery core discharging;11, it is used for preventing during unexpected power-off separating adjusting The leading screw band brake apparatus that platform drops;12. paired cutting knifes;13. clips.The paired cutting knife being set up in parallel In, each cutting knife is extended by lower section in outside upper direction;The opening size of clip and the distance of the lower end of two cutting knifes Accordingly;Having the paired cutting knife of gradient and stretch into when being strutted by shell between battery core and shell, clip just stretches into Between battery core and shell and clamp battery core.Clip is positioned in the symmetrical center line of two cutting knifes.Cutting knife and clip are Link gear, concurrently-acting, i.e. cutting knife are while adjusting width, and clip is also adjusting the size dehisced. After using this structure, cutting knife and clip can adjust width and height, pressure according to the size model of electrokinetic cell Electrokinetic cell is compressed then 90-degree rotation and erects by tight rotary apparatus, allows electrokinetic cell erect and places, cut end Face up;First by cutting knife, two end housings of cutting end face are strutted or break, then with clip, shell is strutted Battery core being pressed from both sides out, power battery case is advanced it in shell material storing box by shell ejecting mechanism, and battery core is by going out Material device is sent in battery core material storing box.
Generally speaking, present invention have the advantage that
1, present invention employs the cutter sweep of bands for band, this device can use air-cooled cooling, effectively reduces Cutting loss and cooling cost.
2, present invention employing breaks battery case and presss from both sides out the separate mode of battery core, and this separate mode only need to cut dynamic The first end of power battery electrode, decreases the loss of saw blade, simplifies the frame for movement of cutter sweep.
3, the cutter sweep of the present invention uses hermetically sealed design to output section, is provided with air vent, it is possible to cutting Cut dust and harmful gas is collected filtering, reduce the impact on environment.
4, the second half section of the present invention have employed A, B two-wire disassemblying structure, substantially increases and disassembles speed.
5, the present invention uses mechanical detection mode measure the size of battery and judge electrode tip direction, so can Adapt to more different types of battery, moreover it is possible to reduce equipment cost.
6, present invention uses four station material toggling mechanisms, improve synchronicity and the harmony of equipment work, simplify Frame for movement.Meanwhile, use four material toggling arms, be effectively improved equipment treatment effeciency.
7, the present invention use arrangement feeding mode, be prevented effectively from battery collide with each other produce short circuit danger.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the axonometric chart of a kind of full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell.
Fig. 2 is the axonometric chart of feed mechanism.
Fig. 3 is the horizontal axonometric chart sending device of feeding.
Fig. 4 is the axonometric chart of poking device.
Fig. 5 is the axonometric chart of feeding feeding distribution mechanism.
Fig. 6 is the axonometric chart of upper material conveyer.
Fig. 7 is the axonometric chart of four station material toggling mechanisms.
Fig. 8 is the front view of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the horizontal axonometric chart sending poking device.
Figure 10 is the horizontal front view sending poking device.
Figure 11 is the axonometric chart of length detection mechanism.
Figure 12 is the axonometric chart of rotating-table apparatus.
Figure 13 is the axonometric chart of material toggling feed mechanism.
Figure 14 is the axonometric chart of clamping centralising device.
Figure 15 is the axonometric chart of voltage check device.
Figure 16 is the axonometric chart of feed back conveyer.
Figure 17 is the axonometric chart of feeding distribution mechanism.
Figure 18 is the axonometric chart of material-dividing and delivery.
Figure 19 is the axonometric chart of cutter sweep.
Figure 20 is the axonometric chart of sawing machine motion platform.
Figure 21 is the axonometric chart of lift rotating equipment.
Figure 22 is the axonometric chart separating feed mechanism.
Figure 23 is the cut-away view of seperator.
Figure 24 is the axonometric chart separating and adjusting platform.
Figure 25 is the structure chart of the bottom of seperator.
Figure 26 is the right view of the bottom of seperator.
Figure 27 is the schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 28 is the axonometric chart of electrokinetic cell.
Wherein, 1 is feed mechanism, and 2 is upper material conveyer, and 3 is four station material toggling mechanisms, and 4 is that feed back is defeated Sending machine, 5 is feeding distribution mechanism, and 6 is material-dividing and delivery, and 7 is cutter sweep, and 8 for separating feed mechanism, and 9 are Seperator, 10 is waste material material storing box, and 11 is shell material storing box, and 12 is battery core material storing box, and 13 is touch screen, 14 is the horizontal device that send of feeding, and 15 is material toggling mechanism, and 16 is feeding feeding distribution mechanism, and 17 is baffle plate, and 18 is horizontal Sending poking device, 19 is length detection mechanism, and 20 is rotating-table apparatus, and 21 is material toggling feed mechanism, and 22 are Detection material-pulling device, 23 is voltage check device, and 24 is detection discharge device, and 25 is clamping centralising device, 26 is linear conveying device, and 27 is clamping turnover mechanism, and 28 is sawing machine motion platform, and 29 is cutting feeding Mechanism, 30 clap mechanism for sealing, and 31 is pinch seal mechanism, 32 band sawing machines, and 33 is lifting rotation dress Putting, 34 is pusher, and 35 for compressing rotary apparatus, and 36 is upset protection device, and 37 is spacing for discharging Device, 38 for holding in the palm tight device, and 39 is shell ejecting mechanism, and 40 adjust platform for separating, and 41 is 10 tons of limits Position device, 42 is shell discharging slideway, and 43 is drawing mechanism, and 44 is 10 tons of jacking apparatus, and 45 is width Testing agency, 46 is lifting blocking mechanism, and 47 is front blocking mechanism, and 48 is leading screw band brake apparatus.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention will be further described in detail.
Such as Fig. 1, a kind of full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell, including: feed mechanism, upper material conveyer, Four station material toggling mechanisms, feed back conveyer, feeding distribution mechanism, two material-dividing and deliveries, two cutting mechanisms, Two separation feed mechanisms, two seperators, two waste material material storing box, two shell material storing box, two electricity Core material storing box.Feed mechanism, upper material conveyer, four station material toggling mechanisms connect successively, feed back conveyer with 3rd discharging opening of four station material toggling mechanisms connects.One material-dividing and delivery, cutting mechanism, one Separate feed mechanism, a seperator connects successively, is equipped with a waste material material storing box, a shell feed box Separating A line with a battery core material storing box composition cutting, same device composition cutting separates B line.Cutting point First discharging opening from A line and four station material toggling mechanisms connects, and cutting separates B line and passes through depiler Second discharging opening of structure and four station material toggling mechanisms connects.
Such as Fig. 2-5, feed mechanism is provided with the horizontal device that send of feeding, material toggling mechanism, feeding feeding distribution mechanism.Feeding is horizontal Send device across whole feed mechanism, for artificial loading, batch electrokinetic cell is arranged and puts feeder into In structure, after pressing start button, feeding is horizontal send device to advance it into the feeding feeding distribution mechanism on right side shown in Fig. 2 In, rise after having advanced and reset.Material toggling mechanism is arranged on below feed mechanism, can do lifting and laterally transport Dynamic, during action, material toggling mechanism first rises and advances the most to the right, electrokinetic cell clamping arrangement put.On Material feeding distribution mechanism is arranged on the right side of feed mechanism, when electrokinetic cell is clamped by material toggling mechanism, feeding sub-material Electrokinetic cell is pushed in upper material conveyer by mechanism more one by one.
Such as Fig. 6, the middle part of upper material conveyer sets up baffle plate, and its effect is brought by feeding feeding distribution mechanism dynamic Power battery dial put upside down flat.
Such as Fig. 7-15, four station material toggling mechanisms include: the horizontal poking device that send, front blocking mechanism, length detection mechanism, Lifting blocking mechanism, rotating-table apparatus, material toggling feed mechanism, voltage check device, clamp centralising device, inspection Survey material-pulling device, detect discharge device.Four station material toggling mechanisms are sequentially provided with four stations, are power respectively Battery direction adjusts station, electrokinetic cell voltage detecting station, high-voltage battery eliminating station, discharging station. Horizontal poking device is sent to be located at the position that four station material toggling mechanisms are connected with upper material conveyer, for fortune between the two Defeated action, and measure the height of electrokinetic cell.Front blocking mechanism, linear measure longimetry mechanism, lifting retention device, Rotating-table apparatus is all disposed within the electrokinetic cell direction of four station material toggling mechanisms and adjusts on station, is used for measuring power The size of battery, detects its placing direction and travel direction adjusts.Dialling feed mechanism is to make electrokinetic cell translation Mechanism, it, across whole four station material toggling mechanisms, carries out linkage conveying to its four stations;It also includes Four material toggling arms, the corresponding station of material toggling arm, four material toggling arms linkages, simultaneously by electrokinetic cell from This station is delivered to next station.Voltage check device, clamping centralising device, detection material-pulling device are arranged on On electrokinetic cell voltage detecting station, it is used for detecting electrokinetic cell voltage swing.Detection discharge device is arranged on High-voltage battery is got rid of on station, for getting rid of the voltage electrokinetic cell higher than cutting safe voltage.Discharging work Corresponding three discharging openings in position, are that cutting separates A line discharging opening respectively, and cutting separates B line discharging opening, high pressure Electrokinetic cell discharging opening.
Such as Figure 16, feed back conveyer is for reclaiming the high voltage power battery of eliminating and being transmitted back to feeding end.
Such as Figure 17, feeding distribution mechanism includes: linear conveying device, clamping turnover mechanism.Its effect is that conveying is dynamic Power battery to cutting separates B line, is first translated by electrokinetic cell, then electrokinetic cell turns over turnback with correspondence Cutting separates the direction of cutter sweep in B line.
Such as Figure 18, material-dividing and delivery is used for transporting electrokinetic cell to cutter sweep.
Such as Figure 19-21, cutter sweep includes: cutting feed mechanism, seal clap mechanism, pinch seal mechanism, Band sawing machine, sawing machine motion platform, lift rotating equipment.Its feed end is connected with the discharge end of material-dividing and delivery, Electrokinetic cell on material-dividing and delivery end is pushed into cutting position by cutting feed mechanism, is clapped machine by sealing Structure and pinch seal mechanism carry out sealing, clamp and positioning.Band sawing machine is adjusted cleavage by sawing machine motion platform Put, then cut.After having cut, electrokinetic cell is clamped, rises and rotate by lift rotating equipment To separating feed mechanism, decline and be placed in separation feed mechanism.
Such as Figure 22, the side separating feed mechanism correspond to the lift rotating equipment of cutter sweep, opposite side with The compression rotary apparatus of seperator is concordant.The effect separating feed mechanism is that elder generation is by lift rotating equipment handle cutting Complete electrokinetic cell is delivered to separate on feed mechanism, and electrokinetic cell is shifted onto the compression of seperator by a pusher On rotary apparatus.
Such as Figure 23-26, separating mechanism includes: compresses rotary apparatus, overturn protection device, hold in the palm tight device, outer Shell ejecting mechanism, discharging stopping means, separation adjust platform, paired cutting knife, clip, 10 tons of spacing dresses Put, leading screw band brake apparatus, 10 tons of jacking apparatus, shell discharging slideway, drawing mechanisms.Compress rotary apparatus It is sent into the electrokinetic cell come compresses separating feed mechanism, then unclamped after 90-degree rotation, allow electrokinetic cell Setting is put, and facet is upward.Upset protection device, ask tight device, shell ejecting mechanism, discharging spacing Device is by electrokinetic cell clamping and positioning;Clip and cutting knife are adjusted platform by the separation of top and regulate its height and width Narrow, then positioned by 10 tons of stopping means, electrokinetic cell with platform below by 10 tons of jacking apparatus bands Moving and move upward, shell just to shell and the gap of battery core, is strutted or is broken by shell, now pressing from both sides by cutting knife Son just clamps battery core, battery core is pressed from both sides out.Battery case is released by shell ejecting mechanism, and along shell discharging Slideway falls in shell material storing box, and battery core is slipped in battery core material storing box by drawing mechanism.Leading screw band brake apparatus For preventing unexpected power-off from making separation adjustment platform drop rapidly and causing danger.Be set up in parallel is paired In cutting knife, each cutting knife is extended by lower section in outside upper direction, i.e. cutter is gradient;The opening size of clip Corresponding to the distance of the lower end of two cutting knifes;The paired cutting knife with gradient stretches into shell between battery core and shell When strutting, clip just stretches between battery core and shell, and therefore clip can clamp when shell struts Battery core.
The operation principle of the present invention is:
Manually the electrokinetic cell arrangement of batch is put into the feeding of feed mechanism is horizontal to be sent in device, press startup by After button, in the horizontal feeding feeding distribution mechanism sending device that batch electrokinetic cell is pushed to right side of feeding, feeding is horizontal to be sent Device rises reset;Material toggling mechanism first rises and is then compressed by the electrokinetic cell of entire row;Then, feeding sub-material Mechanism pushes electrokinetic cell on upper material conveyer one by one.Through the baffle plate of upper material conveyer, make electrokinetic cell Tie and be delivered to end.
Four station material toggling mechanisms horizontal send poking device to be dragged on by the electrokinetic cell of upper material conveyer end mechanism In, coordinate with front blocking mechanism, measure the height of electrokinetic cell, and judge the direction of electrode tip, then Horizontal send poking device return home position, from length detection mechanism with lift blocking mechanism coordinate, measure it Length, and measured thickness by thickness detection apparatus set on lifting blocking mechanism;After measurement apparatus resets, It is adjusted according to the direction of judged electrokinetic cell by rotating-table apparatus, makes electrode tip towards front blocking mechanism. Then by material toggling feed mechanism, electrokinetic cell being allocated to electrokinetic cell voltage detecting station, then clamping centering fills Put the center being located at station, coordinated from voltage check device detect electrokinetic cell with detection material-pulling device Voltage swing, material toggling feed mechanism electrokinetic cell pushed high-voltage battery and gets rid of station;If power current Cell voltage is then advanced it into feed back conveyer by detection discharge device higher than cutting safe voltage and sends feeding end back to, Enter cutting after being otherwise allocated to discharging station by material toggling feed mechanism and separate A line, or it is laggard to enter feeding distribution mechanism Enter cutting and separate B line.
It is the most identical with operation principle with the structure that cutting separates B line that cutting separates A line.B is separated below with cutting Line describes its operation principle.
On feeding distribution mechanism front end, electrokinetic cell is advanced clamping turnover mechanism by linear conveying device;Clamping upset Mechanism is clamped and is turned over turnback and is placed on material-dividing and delivery;Next electrokinetic cell is then allocated to cutting Separate A line.A, B line is processed successively, so circulates work.
Electrokinetic cell is delivered to end by material-dividing and delivery, the cutting feed mechanism of cutter sweep be pushed into and cut Cut position;Clap mechanism and pinch seal mechanism of sealing is by its clamping and positioning, and band sawing machine is by sawing machine motion platform According to cut electrokinetic cell size adjusting to optimum Cutting position, then saw blade carries out translation cutting.Cut Cheng Hou, seals clap mechanism and pinch seal reset, lift rotating equipment electrokinetic cell is clamped, Rise and rotate to decline to separation feed mechanism and put down, the pusher separating feed mechanism push it into On compression rotary apparatus in seperator.
Compress rotary apparatus and be sent into the electrokinetic cell compression come, then 90-degree rotation, upset separating feed mechanism Protection device ejects, and is then unclamped, and makes electrokinetic cell erect and puts, and cut end faces up.By overturning Protection device, ask tight device, shell ejecting mechanism, discharging stopping means to two sides of electrokinetic cell length and width To being clamped location.Clip and cutting knife by separating adjustment platform regulation width and height, then 10 tons spacing Device positions separating adjustment platform;By 10 tons of jacking apparatus, the platform below electrokinetic cell is up pushed up, Making cutting knife that power battery case two ends are broken, and strutted by shell, battery core is pressed from both sides out by clip.Battery case Being released by shell ejecting mechanism, fall in shell material storing box along shell discharging slideway, battery core is slided by drawing mechanism Fall in battery core material storing box.
In addition to the mode that the present embodiment is mentioned, a kind of full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell can be only with Cutting separates A line and carries out single line processing, and does not use feeding distribution mechanism and cutting to separate B line and be processed.Can Do not use feed back conveyer and be placed on the high-tension battery of four station material toggling mechanisms with a high-tension battery collection box High voltage power battery is reclaimed by discharging opening.Material toggling feed mechanism in four station material toggling mechanisms also can only be adopted By material toggling arm material toggling back and forth between four stations.These mapping modes are all in protection scope of the present invention In.
Above-described embodiment is the present invention preferably embodiment, but embodiments of the present invention are not by above-mentioned reality Execute the restriction of example, the change made under other any spirit without departing from the present invention and principle, modification, Substitute, combine, simplify, all should be the substitute mode of equivalence, within being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell, it is characterised in that: including:
The feed mechanism of-electrokinetic cell feeding,
The upper material conveyer of-conveying electrokinetic cell,
-measure the size of electrokinetic cell and put four station material toggling mechanisms of electrokinetic cell position,
The material-dividing and delivery of-conveying electrokinetic cell,
The cutter sweep of the first end of-cutting power battery electrode,
The separation feed mechanism of-conveying electrokinetic cell,
The battery core of electrokinetic cell is taken out by-shell that the cut end of electrokinetic cell upwards erects and strut electrokinetic cell Seperator,
-shell material storing box,
-battery core material storing box;
Along the direct of travel of electrokinetic cell, feed mechanism, upper material conveyer, four station material toggling mechanisms, sub-material are defeated Machine, cutter sweep, separation feed mechanism and seperator is sent to set gradually, shell material storing box and battery core material storing box Connect with seperator respectively;
The full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell includes the feeding distribution mechanism of a conveying electrokinetic cell;Connect successively Material-dividing and delivery, cutter sweep, separation feed mechanism, seperator, shell material storing box and battery core material storing box have Two groups, one group separates A line for cutting, and one group separates B line for cutting;Cutting separates A line and four stations are dialled Material mechanism connects, and cutting is separated B line and connected by feeding distribution mechanism and four station material toggling mechanisms.
2. according to the full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: on described Material mechanism includes:
-send device by horizontal for the feeding of the electrokinetic cell manually put batch translation,
-the device electrokinetic cell that transfer puts in place will be sent to compress the material toggling mechanism positioned by feeding is horizontal,
-will compress after electrokinetic cell be pushed into the feeding feeding distribution mechanism of upper material conveyer one by one.
3. according to the full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described four Station material toggling mechanism is sequentially provided with four stations, is that electrokinetic cell direction adjusts station, electrokinetic cell electricity respectively Pressure detection station, high-voltage battery get rid of station, discharging station;
Four station material toggling mechanisms include: horizontal send poking device, front blocking mechanism, length detection mechanism, lifting to stop Mechanism, rotating-table apparatus, material toggling feed mechanism, voltage check device, clamping centralising device, detection pusher dress Put, detect discharge device;
Electrokinetic cell is delivered to from upper material conveyer the horizontal poking device that send of four station material toggling mechanisms, motivation of adjustment electricity The rotating-table apparatus in direction, pond, measures the front blocking mechanism of electrokinetic cell size, length detection mechanism, lifting resistance Retaining device is arranged at electrokinetic cell direction and adjusts station;
Voltage check device, clamping centralising device, detection material-pulling device are arranged at electrokinetic cell voltage detecting station; Detection discharge device is arranged on high-voltage battery and gets rid of station;
Electrokinetic cell is translated the material toggling feed mechanism of feeding across four stations;
The full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell also includes the height that the conveying connected with four station material toggling mechanisms is excluded The feed back conveyer of pressure power battery.
4. according to the full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell described in claim 3, it is characterised in that: described group Material feed mechanism includes four material toggling arms linked, a corresponding station of material toggling arm.
5. according to the full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described point Material mechanism includes carrying the linear conveying device of electrokinetic cell and electrokinetic cell revolving turnback in the horizontal plane Clamping turnover mechanism.
6. according to the full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell described in claim 1, it is characterised in that cut described in: Cut device to include:
-by electrokinetic cell linear feeding to sealing the cutting feed mechanism of mechanism of clapping,
-electrokinetic cell clamps and sends into the sealing of pinch seal mechanism in the horizontal direction clap mechanism,
-pinch seal mechanism that electrokinetic cell is compressed in the vertical direction,
-will compress after electrokinetic cell electrode tip one end cutting band sawing machine,
The sawing machine motion platform of-adjustment band sawing machine position,
-electrokinetic cell after cutting is delivered to separate the lift rotating equipment of feed mechanism.
7. according to the full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described point Disembark and include:
-paired cutting knife,
-clip,
-electrokinetic cell is cut the compression rotary apparatus that end upwards erects,
-erect after compress the upset protection device of electrokinetic cell, hold in the palm tight device, discharging stopping means,
-shell discharging slideway,
-compress the electrokinetic cell that erects or separation complete after shell released the shell ejecting mechanism of shell discharging slideway,
-for adjusting the separation adjustment platform of cutting knife and clip height, width and center,
-for separating 10 tons of stopping means that adjustment lifting platform is spacing,
By 10 tons of jacking apparatus of quick for electrokinetic cell jack-up during-separation,
-for the drawing mechanism of battery core discharging,
-be used for preventing during unexpected power-off separating adjusting the leading screw band brake apparatus that platform drops.
8. according to the full-automatic device for disassembling of waste and old electrokinetic cell described in claim 7, it is characterised in that: described one-tenth To cutting knife in, each cutting knife by outside upper direction lower section extend;Under the opening size of clip and two cutting knifes The distance of end is corresponding;There is the paired cutting knife of gradient and stretch into when shell being strutted between battery core and shell, clip Just stretch between battery core and shell and clamp battery core.
9. the full-automatic disassembling method of waste and old electrokinetic cell, use according to any one of claim 1-8 is waste and old The full-automatic device for disassembling of electrokinetic cell, it is characterised in that: comprise the steps:
Electrokinetic cell, at feed mechanism feeding, enters four station material toggling mechanisms after upper material conveyer knocks down;In four works The electrokinetic cell direction of position material toggling mechanism adjusts station and is sent poking device and length detection mechanism to utilize grating by horizontal The length, width and height size of chi and sensor measurement electrokinetic cell and differentiate the direction of electrode tip, four station material toggling mechanisms Electrokinetic cell is rotated to the cut direction specified by the information according to sensor feedback, then is delivered to by electrokinetic cell Cutter sweep;One end of the electrode tip of electrokinetic cell is cut by cutter sweep, the electrokinetic cell after cutting Send into and separate feed mechanism, then by separating feed mechanism, electrokinetic cell is sent into seperator;In seperator, Electrokinetic cell is erected and compacted, and upwards, cutting knife stretches into battery core and power current to the cut end of electrokinetic cell Between pond, the shell of electrokinetic cell is strutted or bursts by cutting knife, and battery core is gone out by clip from shell inner clip;Battery core With shell blanking respectively, battery core material storing box and shell material storing box seal and preserve.
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