CN103782865A - Greenhouse grape branch and tendril refreshing method - Google Patents

Greenhouse grape branch and tendril refreshing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103782865A
CN103782865A CN201410035911.8A CN201410035911A CN103782865A CN 103782865 A CN103782865 A CN 103782865A CN 201410035911 A CN201410035911 A CN 201410035911A CN 103782865 A CN103782865 A CN 103782865A
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China
Prior art keywords
year
grape
field planting
ditch
press strip
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CN201410035911.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷世俊
赵兰英
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Weifang Vocational College
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Weifang Vocational College
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Priority to CN201410035911.8A priority Critical patent/CN103782865A/en
Publication of CN103782865A publication Critical patent/CN103782865A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a greenhouse grape branch and tendril refreshing method. After a grape plant is planted, a new tip is selected to be cultured to be a fruit bearing parent branch in the next year, after grape picking in the second year, the parent branch is subjected to layering processing to one side and is cultured to be a fruit bearing parent branch in the next year, after grape picking in the third year, the plant which is planted in the first year is partially cut off and planed off, the fruit-bearing parent branch is pressed into the position during planting, and layering is carried out on the two sides in turn every year afterwards. By the processing, grape plants are all biennial plants and annual plants, orderliness is achieved, strong growth is achieved, plant aging is avoided, Kyoho and other shortcomings that grape variety branches and tendrils cannot form good flower buds in a greenhouse are overcome, the quality and the amount of borne fruit can be guaranteed, production in successive years is achieved, and economic benefit is improved.

Description

Greenhouse grape branches and tendrils update method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of crops propagation method, relate in particular to a kind of update method of grape branches and tendrils.
Background technology
Grape one is planted for many years, after planting, need result for years, along with the prolongation of the time of planting, the shortcoming that grapevine seedling there will be the underproduction and quality to decline, plant senesecence, than very fast, is planted again if old plant is excluded, and at least needs the seedling-slowing stage of a year, affect vintage, reduced economic benefit; Some kind is as huge peak etc., and the branches and tendrils that grow up in greenhouse can not form good bud, affect vintage, the quality and benefits in the coming year.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide one makes plant keep 1~2 year raw age of tree, prevent plant senesecence, and makes the kinds such as the huge peak complicated and confused update method of greenhouse grape of high yield and high quality year after year.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of greenhouse grape branches and tendrils update method, comprises the steps:
Step 1, field planting, selects rugosity to be greater than 0.8cm and has four annual cuttage seeding plant of full buds above, digs field planting ditch in greenhouse, and plant field planting is in the centre of field planting ditch;
When plant field planting, first fertilizer is mixed with soil, fill out back in ditch, while filling out overhead 25~35cm, to bury soil steady and sure, and put into grape seedlings, grape seedlings root tamps with soil, the soil that is mixed with fertilizer is still inserted in all the other places, while banketing, mention at any time seedling, the degree of depth is advisable with the rhizoid neck position 4~6cm that is above the ground level, and by soil having peace of mind, after filling and leading up, at field planting furrow rim ridging, finally water permeable; After 1~3 day, field planting ditch is flattened, and ridging becomes furrow in the ranks;
Step 2, the female branch of cultivation results, after grape rudiment, every strain retains two young sprouts, cultivates as bearing basal shoot in the coming year, and remaining young sprout is all erased; When young sprout grows to 0.4m~0.6m, be strapped on small bamboo or iron wire the growth of being kept upright; Meanwhile, apply fertilizer, water and extermination of disease and insect pest management; Make bearing basal shoot reach height 1.5~2m, rugosity 0.8~1.8cm;
Step 3, winter pruning and added, when winter pruning, bearing basal shoot is cut and is stayed 1.2~1.5m; After winter pruning, by bearing basal shoot mean allocation, on two frame faces of two hedge framves, horizontal or vertical drawing tied up;
Step 4, produces by urging early cultivation after dormancy, and fruit Second Year mid-May is to early June maturation;
Step 5, before Second Year grape is gathered, retains the sublateral shoot of a sprouting or inspires hibernaculum on each bearing basal shoot, and after fruit harvesting one week, this fruit bearing shoot is pressed in soil, cultivate the bearing basal shoot into next year; All the other fruit bearing shoot all remove;
The method of press strip is: dig press strip ditch near field planting ditch, specification, the fertilising of press strip ditch are identical with field planting ditch; In the time being mixed with the soil of fertilizer and being filled to overhead 15~25cm, soil is steady and sure, by the branches and tendrils bending retaining, be pressed in ditch, and continue to banket, branches and tendrils are buried, the complicated and confused end 40cm~60cmcm that bassets, from maternal plant 50~70cm, press strip branches and tendrils are at a distance of 23~27cm; After press strip ditch is filled and led up, by steady and sure soil and ridging, fill with sufficient water; The female branch of its cultivation results and winter pruning and the same First Year of added management;
Step 6, the 3rd year grape gather the climing processing of anterior branch, gather after method and the Second Year of press strip processing basic identical; Difference, while digging press strip ditch cuts off the plant of First Year field planting plane and falls, and when ditching, all of native Central Plains maternal plant is cleaned out; The press strip of later taking turns in both sides to carry out every year.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, in described step 1, described field planting ditch specification is dark, wide each 60cm, and field planting line-spacing is 1.5m.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, in described step 1, described fertilizer is selected the chicken manure fully becoming thoroughly decomposed.
Owing to having adopted technique scheme, a kind of greenhouse grape branches and tendrils update method, after grapevine seedling field planting, Second Year grape carries out press strip processing to female branch to a side after plucking, and cultivated the bearing basal shoot into next year, after within the 3rd year, grape is plucked, by bearing basal shoot to the processing of opposite side press strip, and the plant of First Year field planting is cut off to plane and fall, the press strip of later taking turns in both sides to carry out every year; Through above-mentioned processing, the plant of grape is all 2 years raw plant and annual plant, neat and consistent, robust growth, prevent plant senesecence, and make to be difficult for into the good bud of the annual formation of colored kind in Deng greenhouse, huge peak, can guarantee quality and the quantity of fruit, high yield, increases economic efficiency year after year.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, further set forth the present invention.In the following detailed description, only by the mode of explanation, some one exemplary embodiment of the present invention has been described.Undoubtedly, those of ordinary skill in the art can recognize, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention in the situation that, can revise described embodiment by various mode.Therefore, being described in is illustrative in essence, rather than for limiting the protection domain of claim.
After grape transplanting stock rudiment, select the female branch of young sprout cultivation results, in greenhouse, short early cultivation after result gathers, selects suitable fruit bearing shoot to carry out press strip, marcotte with the unseparated situation of maternal plant under continued growth grow, cultivate then as new plant, simultaneously as the bearing basal shoot result in the coming year, after coming year fruit harvesting, old strain is dug, fruit bearing shoot is pressed into field planting last year position, later wheel load repeatedly.Through test for many years, greenhouse grape branches and tendrils in turn press strip upgrade, and have overcome the grape variety greenhouses such as huge peak for many years in a cultivation situation, the shortcoming that the underproduction and quality decline; Compare with the cultivation for many years of greenhouse grape, press strip upgrades the new talent of need not every year planting, and saves cost, and can make full use of former plant, slow seedling; Have the feature of a cultivation greenhouse grape for many years, once field planting, utilize for many years, plant keeps 1~2 year raw age of tree, neat and consistent, and robust growth, prevents plant senesecence, can form good bud every year, prevents that setting fruit position from moving outward; High yield year after year.
A kind of greenhouse grape branches and tendrils update method---press strip upgrades in turn, comprise: field planting grapevine seedling in greenhouse by solar heat, cultivate as healthy and strong bearing basal shoot through management, after winter dormancy, urging early cultivation produces, after fruit harvesting, carry out press strip, continue to cultivate the bearing basal shoot of next year, wheel load repeatedly every year, high and stable yield.
Step 1, field planting
Select the annual cuttage seeding plant that rugosity 0.8cm is above, have four above full buds.Be that edge digs field planting ditch eastwards in the position of Nei Yi north and south, greenhouse column, field planting ditch depth, wide each 60cm.Field planting line-spacing is identical with greenhouse by solar heat column (setting up the greenhouse of post) thing spacing, is generally 1.5m.Plant field planting is in the centre of field planting ditch, from north and south column 30cm.Full greenhouse applies the pure chicken manure 7.2m fully becoming thoroughly decomposed 3, certainly, also can adopt other high-quality fertilizer.The wide 7.5m in north and south, chamber planting district, 12 strains of planting of every row, amount to 666.7m 2708 strains of planting.When plant field planting, first chicken manure is mixed with soil, fill out back in ditch, while filling out overhead 30cm, will bury native having peace of mind, put into grape seedlings, grape seedlings root tamps with soil, and the soil that is mixed with chicken manure is still inserted in all the other places.While banketing, mention at any time seedling, the degree of depth is advisable with the rhizoid neck position 5cm that is above the ground level, and by soil having peace of mind, after filling and leading up, at field planting furrow rim ridging, finally waters permeable.After 1~3 day, field planting ditch is flattened, and ridging becomes furrow in the ranks.
Step 2, the female branch of cultivation results
After grape rudiment, every strain retains two young sprouts, cultivates as bearing basal shoot in the coming year, and remaining young sprout is all erased.When young sprout grows to 0.5m left and right, be strapped on small bamboo or iron wire the growth of being kept upright.Meanwhile, carry out clay fertilizer water, extermination of disease and insect pest management, make to reach in bearing basal shoot year height 1.5~2m, rugosity 0.8~1.8cm.
Step 3, winter pruning and added
When winter pruning, bearing basal shoot is cut and is stayed 1.2~1.5m.After winter pruning, by bearing basal shoot mean allocation, to two frame faces of the two hedge framves that build up on the column of north and south, horizontal or vertical drawing tied up.
Step 4, urge early cultivation
Produce by urging early cultivation after dormancy, fruit Second Year mid-May is to early June maturation.
Step 5, Second Year press strip
Before Second Year grape is gathered, on each bearing basal shoot, retain the sublateral shoot of sprouting on a fruit bearing shoot or inspire hibernaculum, after fruit harvesting one week, this fruit bearing shoot is pressed in soil, cultivate the bearing basal shoot into next year.All the other fruit bearing shoot all remove.
The method of press strip is: at the opposite side (being west side) of north and south column, dig press strip ditch near field planting ditch, specification, the fertilizing amount of press strip ditch are identical with field planting ditch.In the time being mixed with the soil of fertilizer and being filled to overhead 20cm, soil is steady and sure, by the branches and tendrils bending retaining, be pressed in ditch, and continue to banket, branches and tendrils are buried, the complicated and confused tip 50cm that bassets, from maternal plant 60cm, from north and south column 30cm, press strip branches and tendrils are at a distance of 25cm left and right.After press strip ditch is filled and led up, by steady and sure soil and ridging, fill with sufficient water.In the time that young sprout was grown first iron wire height, it is on average bonded to respectively on two frame faces of two hedge framves.The female branch of its cultivation results and winter pruning and the same First Year of added management, i.e. management method described in step 2 and step 3.
Step 6, the 3rd year press strip
The 3rd year grape gather the climing processing of anterior branch, gather after method and the Second Year of press strip processing basic identical.Difference, the one, the position of press strip ditch is positioned at the opposite side (east side) of north and south column, the namely position of field planting ditch; The 2nd, while digging press strip ditch, the plant of First Year field planting is cut off to plane and fall, when ditching, all of native Central Plains maternal plant is cleaned out.Take turns to carry out every year press strip in column both sides later.
The press strip of having planted grape upgrades: the grape of having planted in greenhouse, no matter be cultivations in a year, a still cultivation for many years, can transform press strip planting type as.Method is: after grape fruit is gathered, select the fruit bearing shoot of sufficient amount to carry out press strip, press strip position is from maternal plant 30cm left and right; Press strip quantity, need determine by the quantity of bearing basal shoot, to press 1 young sprout to cultivate into 1 strain to have the plant of 1 bearing basal shoot the coming year, needs how many bearing basal shoots just to press how many young sprouts; Young sprout to be pressed, before fruit harvesting, retain consciously the summer bud sublateral shoot on top or stimulate top hibernaculum to sprout, and within after fruit picking about one week, carries out press strip, and young sprout bassets about 0.5m., from former maternal plant 30cm left and right, from First Year press strip plant 50~60cm, when press strip, dig former plant at Second Year press strip position.Loop every year later.If adopt single hedge frame, press strip young sprout or bearing basal shoot are evenly strapped on frame face, and all bearing basal shoot tilts a little; If adopt two hedge framves, press strip young sprout or bearing basal shoot are evenly strapped on two frame faces, and a frame face ceiling molding young sprout bearing basal shoot is upright, and another face ceiling molding young sprout or bearing basal shoot tilt a little.
Description of the invention provides for example with for the purpose of describing, and is not exhaustively or limit the invention to disclosed form.Many modifications and variations are obvious for the ordinary skill in the art.Selecting and describing embodiment is for better explanation principle of the present invention and practical application, thereby and makes those of ordinary skill in the art can understand the present invention's design to be suitable for the various embodiment with various modifications of special-purpose.

Claims (3)

1. a greenhouse grape branches and tendrils update method, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
Step 1, field planting, selects rugosity to be greater than 0.8cm and has four annual cuttage seeding plant of full buds above, digs field planting ditch in greenhouse, and plant field planting is in the centre of field planting ditch;
When plant field planting, first fertilizer is mixed with soil, fill out back in ditch, while filling out overhead 25~35cm, to bury soil steady and sure, and put into grape seedlings, grape seedlings root tamps with soil, the soil that is mixed with fertilizer is still inserted in all the other places, while banketing, mention at any time seedling, the degree of depth is advisable with the rhizoid neck position 4~6cm that is above the ground level, and by soil having peace of mind, after filling and leading up, at field planting furrow rim ridging, finally water permeable; After 1~3 day, field planting ditch is flattened, and ridging becomes furrow in the ranks;
Step 2, the female branch of cultivation results, after grape rudiment, every strain retains two young sprouts, cultivates the bearing basal shoot into the coming year, and remaining young sprout is all erased; When young sprout grows to 0.4m~0.6m, be strapped on small bamboo or iron wire the growth of being kept upright; Meanwhile, apply fertilizer, water and extermination of disease and insect pest management; Make bearing basal shoot reach height 1.5~2m, rugosity 0.8~1.8cm;
Step 3, winter pruning and added, when winter pruning, bearing basal shoot is cut and is stayed 1.2~1.5m; After winter pruning, by bearing basal shoot mean allocation, on two frame faces of two hedge framves, horizontal or vertical drawing tied up;
Step 4, produces by urging early cultivation after dormancy, and fruit Second Year mid-May is to early June maturation;
Step 5, before Second Year grape is gathered, retains the sublateral shoot of a sprouting or inspires hibernaculum on each bearing basal shoot, and after fruit harvesting one week, this fruit bearing shoot is pressed in soil, cultivate the bearing basal shoot into next year; All the other fruit bearing shoot all remove;
The method of press strip is: dig press strip ditch near field planting ditch, specification, the fertilising of press strip ditch are identical with field planting ditch; In the time being mixed with the soil of fertilizer and being filled to overhead 15~25cm, soil is steady and sure, by the branches and tendrils bending retaining, be pressed in ditch, and continue to banket, branches and tendrils are buried, the complicated and confused end 40cm~60cm that bassets, from maternal plant 50~70cm, press strip branches and tendrils are at a distance of 23~27cm; After press strip ditch is filled and led up, by steady and sure soil and ridging, fill with sufficient water; The female branch of its cultivation results and winter pruning and the same First Year of added management;
Step 6, the 3rd year grape gather the climing processing of anterior branch, gather after method and the Second Year of press strip processing basic identical; Difference is, while digging press strip ditch, the plant of First Year field planting cut off to plane and falls, and when ditching, all of native Central Plains maternal plant cleaned out; The press strip of later taking turns in both sides to carry out every year.
2. greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 grape branches and tendrils update method, is characterized in that, in described step 1, described field planting ditch specification is dark, wide each 60cm, and field planting line-spacing is 1.5m.
3. greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 grape branches and tendrils update method, is characterized in that, in described step 1, described fertilizer is selected the chicken manure fully becoming thoroughly decomposed.
CN201410035911.8A 2014-01-25 2014-01-25 Greenhouse grape branch and tendril refreshing method Pending CN103782865A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104041375A (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-09-17 陈年康 Grape seedling cultivating method
CN104106444A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-10-22 徐小菊 Method for renewing grapes fast
CN106489658A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-03-15 全椒县民悦果林生态种植专业合作社 A kind of grape cultivation method
CN106818135A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-13 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 A kind of red-spotted stonecrop press strip breeding method
CN107047205A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-08-18 福建省连江乐鑫林业开发有限公司 One kind promotes horse-tail lateral sprouting method
CN107548872A (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-01-09 镇江市丹徒区荣炳南岗山蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of grape high aloft method for culturing seedlings

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CN102893838A (en) * 2011-07-30 2013-01-30 靳西超 Facility fruit tree forcing culture technique

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CN1321416A (en) * 2000-04-28 2001-11-14 冯宝贵 Culture method capable of making grape obtain continuous stable yield and high quality
CN1419816A (en) * 2001-11-21 2003-05-28 尹东亮 Method for cultivating vine
CN102893838A (en) * 2011-07-30 2013-01-30 靳西超 Facility fruit tree forcing culture technique

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104041375A (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-09-17 陈年康 Grape seedling cultivating method
CN104041375B (en) * 2014-06-13 2015-12-09 陈年康 Grape seedling-cultivating method
CN104106444A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-10-22 徐小菊 Method for renewing grapes fast
CN104106444B (en) * 2014-07-11 2017-02-01 徐小菊 Method for renewing grapes fast
CN107548872A (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-01-09 镇江市丹徒区荣炳南岗山蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of grape high aloft method for culturing seedlings
CN106489658A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-03-15 全椒县民悦果林生态种植专业合作社 A kind of grape cultivation method
CN106818135A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-13 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 A kind of red-spotted stonecrop press strip breeding method
CN107047205A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-08-18 福建省连江乐鑫林业开发有限公司 One kind promotes horse-tail lateral sprouting method
CN107047205B (en) * 2017-05-12 2019-07-23 福建省连江乐鑫林业开发有限公司 One kind promoting horse-tail lateral sprouting method

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Application publication date: 20140514