CN103708860A - Organic fertilizer prepared from chicken manure and tobacco and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer prepared from chicken manure and tobacco and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103708860A
CN103708860A CN201310734935.8A CN201310734935A CN103708860A CN 103708860 A CN103708860 A CN 103708860A CN 201310734935 A CN201310734935 A CN 201310734935A CN 103708860 A CN103708860 A CN 103708860A
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China
Prior art keywords
fermentation
slag
fertilizer
chicken manure
temperature
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CN201310734935.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
万志强
隋常玲
胡建华
朱一臣
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贵州凤泰禽业有限公司
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Priority to CN201310734935.8A priority Critical patent/CN103708860A/en
Publication of CN103708860A publication Critical patent/CN103708860A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to an organic fertilizer prepared from chicken manure and tobacco, which comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 65-70% of chicken manure, 16-20% of tobacco waste, 8-12% of conditioner, 1-2% of pH regulator, 3-5% of sterilizing deodorizer and 0.1-0.2% of microbial fermentation inoculum. The conditioner is one or mixture of more than two of kuh-seng slag, fenugreek slag, garlic slag, pepper slag, chili waste, humic acid, sawdust, rice hull, edible fungus slag and the like. The pH regulator is one or mixture of more than two of natural gypsum, dilute hydrochloric acid, dilute sulfuric acid and calcium superphosphate. The microbial fermentation inoculum is ferment bacteria. The sterilizing deodorizer is a self-made sterilizing deodorizer. The raw materials are mixed and subjected to secondary fermentation treatment to obtain the mature organic fertilizer. The organic fertilizer prepared by the method has complement nutrients and can overcome the defects in the chemical fertilizer.

Description

A kind ofly take fertilizer that chicken manure and tobacco leaf be raw material and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to fertilizer and fabricating technology field thereof, particularly a kind ofly take fertilizer and the preparation method that chicken manure and tobacco waste be main raw material.

Background technology

In recent years, mass-producing livestock culture industry develops rapidly, and because livestock culture industry turns to cultivation intensive, batch production from the peasant household's cultivation disperseing, the generation of fowl and animal excrement sharply increases.Fowl and animal excrement is rich in the nutritive ingredients such as organic and a certain amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, is good organic fertilizer.If the manure of livestock and poultry not becoming thoroughly decomposed is applied to farmland, not only can consume the oxygen in crop rhizosphere soils, produce the high temperature crop root of burning, also can produce the objectionable impurities and the various pathogenic bacterias of introducing of low molecular mass simultaneously, even cause the pollution of surface water and groundwater, therefore it is carried out innoxious very important with maturation process.Composting is a kind of economy of head it off and effective means.Compost has a large amount of bacteriums, actinomycetes and fungi, can not only increase in soil similar microbe population and new microbial population can be provided.Compost is controlled in addition the generation of Plant nematode and is alleviated the effect of toxicity of pesticide.In compost, exist and have very strong anti-microbial activity microorganism, they can killing off plant pathogenic micro-organism.

Enzymatic microorganism is the external Inoculant of a kind of very desirable compost, it is that 24 kinds of probioticss in this three quasi-microorganism of actinomycetes, bacterium and fungi form, they produce active substance and plurality of enzymes in metabolism and physiological activity, have therefore strengthened the ability of the organism such as its decomposition of cellulose, indissoluble mineral substance and inorganics.

Tobacco waste is to extract tobacco rod or the offal after tobacco leaf while making flue-cured tobacco, or the offal producing in production of cigarettes.Guizhou Province is the main producing region of tobacco, has also produced a large amount of tobacco wastes when producing sound tobacco.In tobacco waste, contain nicotine, nicotine has stomach toxicity, tags, fumigates three kinds of insecticidal actions, also can infiltrate in plant materials and make insect poisoning, and desinsection scope is wide.

The effect of amendment is to provide the porosity of carbon source, the humidity that regulates material, temperature, heap body, can also improve the structure of centrum, and then optimizes compost environment, microbic activity is improved, reduce the loss of nitrogen, keep the content of nutrient, accelerate compost maturity, improved compost quality.The edible fungus cluster slag comprising, also claims mushroom source microbial bacteria, refers to the various edible mushroomss of cultivation remaining solid waste later.Contain abundant fungi, multiple beneficial actinomycetes, accelerate xylogen, cellulosic decomposition, in fixed air, free nitrogen, improves compost fertilizer efficiency.Can eliminate the function of stink.In addition, in mushroom slag, contain abundant organic and higher nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium.After being manured into soil, mushroom slag can increase soil fertility, improve Soil structure.

Summary of the invention

The object of this invention is to provide a kind of fertilizer and preparation method that chicken manure, tobacco waste be main raw material of take.

A kind ofly take the fertilizer that chicken manure and tobacco waste be main raw material, the weight percent of the each component of this fertilizer is: chicken manure 65~70%, tobacco waste 16~20%, amendment 8~12%, acid-base modifier 1~2%, bactericidal deodorant 3~5%, microorganism fermenting agent 0.1~0.2%.

The preferred weight percent of the each component of above-mentioned fertilizer is: chicken manure 67%, tobacco waste 18%, amendment 10%, acid-base modifier 1%, bactericidal deodorant 3.9%, microorganism fermenting agent 0.1%.

Described amendment is one or more mixture of kuh-seng slag, bitter bean dregs, garlic slag, Chinese prickly ash slag, capsicum waste material, humic acid, sawdust, rice husk, edible fungus cluster slag etc.

Described acid-base modifier is one or more the mixture in the plaster of paris, dilute hydrochloric acid, dilute sulphuric acid, calcium superphosphate.

Described microorganism fermenting agent is enzymatic microorganism.

Described bactericidal deodorant is self-control bactericidal deodorant.

The preparation technology of the fertilizer that chicken manure and tobacco waste be main raw material of take is as described below:

(1) raw material is processed: after selecting the organic materialss such as tobacco waste, edible fungus cluster slag to pulverize by formula rate and chicken manure mix and blend, during mix and blend, add microorganism fermenting agent, self-control bactericidal deodorant, measure after the pH value of mixture, add appropriate conditioning agent that the pH value of mixture is adjusted to 6.5~7.5, carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~35:1, obtains fermentation materials.

(2) one time fermentation is processed:

Fermentation materials is transported to fermentation vat, and turning is for the first time carried out in first sealing fermentation 5~7 days when fermentation materials temperature is raised to 60~70 ℃, every 3 days, carry out turning once, turning is 3~4 times altogether, reaches abundant fermentation later, obtain one time fermentation chicken manure, leavening temperature will be controlled at 40~70 ℃.

(3) Secondary Fermentation is processed:

In the one time fermentation material fermenting, add amendment, after fully mixing, seal again fermentation, fermentation time is 4~7 days, temperature is controlled at 70 ℃ of left and right, twice of turning during this time, moisture content is controlled at 40~50%, makes fertilizer, and wherein the mixed weight of each material ratio is: one time fermentation material: amendment=6:4.

The rear use turnover throwing machine that fermented circulates and throws loosely material, makes that material is lowered the temperature naturally, transpiring moisture, when temperature of charge drops to weight percent content≤30% of the moisture in normal temperature, material, is the fertilizer having fermented.

The fertilizer that this employing the present invention prepares possesses comprehensive nutrition, fertilizer efficiency length, improvement Soil structure, promotes microbial reproduction, strengthens soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping ability, can make up the deficiency of chemical fertilizer.In addition, also can increase the input of phosphorus potassium nutrition.And the matured compost of high-quality is as base-material, and preparation multifunctional compound fertilizer prospect is quite wide.

Embodiment

According to embodiment, the present invention may be better understood below.Those skilled in the art is also easier to understand the described concrete material proportion of embodiment, using method and result thereof simultaneously.

Embodiment 1:

Concrete steps and the processing condition of preparation process of the present invention are as follows:

(1) 200kg tobacco waste crushed material, 100kg edible fungus cluster slag and the fresh chicken manure of 700kg are mixed in fermentation vat, stir into water content at the mixture of 50% left and right, during mix and blend, add microorganism fermenting agent 1.5kg, self-control bactericidal deodorant 30kg, measure after the pH value of mixture, add calcium superphosphate 10kg that the pH value of mixture is adjusted to 6.5~7.5, carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~35:1, obtains fermentation materials;

(2) one time fermentation is processed:

Fermentation materials is transported to fermentation vat, and turning is for the first time carried out in first sealing fermentation 5~7 days when fermentation materials temperature is raised to 60~70 ℃, every 3 days, carry out turning once, turning is 3~4 times altogether, reaches abundant fermentation later, obtain one time fermentation fertilizer, leavening temperature will be controlled at 40~70 ℃.

(3) Secondary Fermentation is processed:

In the one time fermentation fertilizer 600kg fermenting, add 200kg humic acid, the Chinese medicine slag of 200kg, comprises kuh-seng slag: garlic slag: mince=0.5:1:2 of red chilly powder, and amendment seals fermentation again after fully mixing, fermentation time is 4~7 days, temperature is controlled at 70 ℃ of left and right, during turning twice, moisture content is controlled at 40~50%, make fertilizer, wherein the mixed weight of each material ratio is: one time fermentation material: humic acid: Chinese medicine slag=6:2:2.

The rear use turnover throwing machine that fermented circulates and throws loosely material, makes that material is lowered the temperature naturally, transpiring moisture, when temperature of charge drops to weight percent content≤30% of the moisture in normal temperature, material, is the fertilizer having fermented.

Embodiment 2:

Concrete steps and the processing condition of preparation process of the present invention are as follows:

(1) 300kg tobacco waste crushed material and the fresh chicken manure of 700kg are mixed in fermentation vat, stir into water content at the mixture of 50% left and right, during mix and blend, add microorganism fermenting agent 2kg, self-control bactericidal deodorant 30kg, measure after the pH value of mixture, add calcium superphosphate 10kg that the pH value of mixture is adjusted to 6.5~7.5, carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~35:1, obtains fermentation materials;

(2) one time fermentation is processed:

Fermentation materials is transported to fermentation vat, and turning is for the first time carried out in first sealing fermentation 5~7 days when fermentation materials temperature is raised to 60~70 ℃, every 3 days, carry out turning once, turning is 3~4 times altogether, reaches abundant fermentation later, obtain one time fermentation fertilizer, leavening temperature will be controlled at 40~70 ℃.

(3) Secondary Fermentation is processed:

In the one time fermentation fertilizer 600kg fermenting, add 200kg humic acid, the Chinese medicine slag of 200kg, comprises bitter bean dregs: Chinese prickly ash slag: mince=0.5:0.5:1 of red chilly powder, and amendment seals fermentation again after fully mixing, fermentation time is 4~7 days, temperature is controlled at 70 ℃ of left and right, during turning twice, moisture content is controlled at 40~50%, make fertilizer, wherein the mixed weight of each material ratio is: one time fermentation material: humic acid: Chinese medicine slag=6:2:2.

The rear use turnover throwing machine that fermented circulates and throws loosely material, makes that material is lowered the temperature naturally, transpiring moisture, when temperature of charge drops to weight percent content≤30% of the moisture in normal temperature, material, is the fertilizer having fermented.

Claims (3)

1. take the fertilizer that chicken manure and tobacco waste be main raw material, it is characterized in that: the weight percent of the each component of described fertilizer is: chicken manure 65~70%, tobacco waste 16~20%, amendment 8~12%, acid-base modifier 1~2%, bactericidal deodorant 3~5%, microorganism fermenting agent 0.1~0.2%;
Described amendment is one or more mixture of kuh-seng slag, bitter bean dregs, garlic slag, Chinese prickly ash slag, capsicum waste material, humic acid, sawdust, rice husk, edible fungus cluster slag etc.;
Described acid-base modifier is one or more the mixture in the plaster of paris, dilute hydrochloric acid, dilute sulphuric acid, calcium superphosphate;
Described microorganism fermenting agent is enzymatic microorganism;
Described bactericidal deodorant is self-control bactericidal deodorant.
2. fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the preferred weight percent of the each component of described fertilizer is: chicken manure 67%, tobacco waste 18%, amendment 10%, acid-base modifier 1%, bactericidal deodorant 3.9%, microorganism fermenting agent 0.1%.
3. the preparation method of fertilizer is as claimed in claim 1 or 2:
(1) raw material is processed: after selecting the organic materialss such as tobacco waste, edible fungus cluster slag to pulverize by formula rate and chicken manure mix and blend, during mix and blend, add microorganism fermenting agent, self-control bactericidal deodorant, measure after the pH value of mixture, add appropriate conditioning agent that the pH value of mixture is adjusted to 6.5~7.5, carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~35:1, obtains fermentation materials;
(2) one time fermentation is processed:
Fermentation materials is transported to fermentation vat, and turning is for the first time carried out in first sealing fermentation 5~7 days when fermentation materials temperature is raised to 60~70 ℃, every 3 days, carry out turning once, turning is 3~4 times altogether, reaches abundant fermentation later, obtain one time fermentation chicken manure, leavening temperature will be controlled at 40~70 ℃;
(3) Secondary Fermentation is processed:
In the one time fermentation material fermenting, add amendment, after fully mixing, seal again fermentation, fermentation time is 4~7 days, temperature is controlled at 70 ℃ of left and right, twice of turning during this time, moisture content is controlled at 40~50%, makes fertilizer, and wherein the mixed weight of each material ratio is: one time fermentation material: amendment=6:4;
The rear use turnover throwing machine that fermented circulates and throws loosely material, makes that material is lowered the temperature naturally, transpiring moisture, when temperature of charge drops to weight percent content≤30% of the moisture in normal temperature, material, is the fertilizer having fermented.
CN201310734935.8A 2013-12-27 2013-12-27 Organic fertilizer prepared from chicken manure and tobacco and preparation method thereof CN103708860A (en)

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Cited By (28)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103980015A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-08-13 贺兰县创博农业科技有限公司 Chicken manure fermented bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104250178A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-12-31 馥稷生物科技发展(上海)有限公司 Organic functional bacterial fertilizer containing tobacco waste and capable of regulating pH value of alkaline soil and preparation method thereof
CN104341189A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-02-11 泗县孙苏生态农业科技有限公司 Preparation method of organic fertilizer
CN104446793A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-25 苏州嘉禧萝生物科技有限公司 Composting fermentation method for organic fertilizer
CN104744170A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-07-01 川渝中烟工业有限责任公司 Method for preparing konjak plant fertilizer by utilizing tobacco waste
CN104761408A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-08 云南顺丰生物科技肥业开发有限公司 Production method of pest control organic fertilizer
CN104788244A (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-07-22 冉洪崎 Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105111018A (en) * 2015-08-23 2015-12-02 云南省农业科学院热带亚热带经济作物研究所 Soil conditioner suitable for southern red soil and production method thereof
CN105110926A (en) * 2015-08-23 2015-12-02 云南省农业科学院热带亚热带经济作物研究所 Soil conditioner for improving organic carbon of soil and production method of soil conditioner
CN105130521A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-12-09 邓州丰奇集团肥业有限公司 Production technology for biological organic fertilizer special for tobacco
CN105130547A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-09 湖南农业大学 Method for reducing nicotine content in tobacco waste by using high temperature composting
CN105272703A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-01-27 琚燎原 Flower fertilizer making method
CN105272770A (en) * 2015-09-24 2016-01-27 贵州毕节灵丰复肥有限公司 Organic fertilizer specially used for heat insulation and moisture conservation of soil, and preparation method thereof
CN105481580A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-04-13 广元市牛牛生物科技有限公司 Novel organic fertilizer for kiwifruits and preparation method thereof
CN105777232A (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-07-20 山东佐田氏生物科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer preparation method capable of increasing humic acid content
CN105967781A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-09-28 昆明线敌生物科技有限公司 Functional organic fertilizer with effects of fertilizing soil and expelling parasites
CN106396795A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 潘爱华 Medium and trace element-containing organic water-soluble fertilizer produced from tobacco wastes
CN106518357A (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-03-22 何小宁 Bio-organic fertilizer special for apple seedlings and preparation method of bio-organic fertilizer
CN106561215A (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-04-19 张文付 Planting method for increasing nutritive value of fruits and vegetables
CN106631211A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-10 永安市仁迈信息技术服务有限公司 Special natural organic fertilizer for Huanghua pear
CN107473879A (en) * 2017-09-21 2017-12-15 宿州天雨养殖(集团)有限公司 It is a kind of to utilize method of the cigarette leftover bits and pieces production with anthelminthic effect organic fertilizer
CN107827543A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-03-23 安徽誉秀农业科技有限公司 A kind of vegetable cultivation organic fertilizer
CN108203318A (en) * 2016-12-20 2018-06-26 江西涞腾实业有限公司 It is a kind of to utilize quail excrement and the method for tea seed cake production organic fertilizer
CN108530176A (en) * 2018-05-26 2018-09-14 王言伟 A kind of biological organic fertilizer
CN108586047A (en) * 2018-05-26 2018-09-28 王言伟 A kind of organic fertilizer and its fertilizing method
CN108794249A (en) * 2018-05-26 2018-11-13 王言伟 A kind of soil organic fertilizer
CN108821905A (en) * 2018-05-26 2018-11-16 王言伟 A kind of biological organic fertilizer and its fertilizing method
CN108911808A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-11-30 山东土秀才生物科技有限公司 The production technology and biological organic fertilizer of content of humic acid in a kind of raising organic fertilizer

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CN103980015B (en) * 2014-06-06 2016-04-06 贺兰县创博农业科技有限公司 Chicken manure fermenting biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103980015A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-08-13 贺兰县创博农业科技有限公司 Chicken manure fermented bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104250178A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-12-31 馥稷生物科技发展(上海)有限公司 Organic functional bacterial fertilizer containing tobacco waste and capable of regulating pH value of alkaline soil and preparation method thereof
CN104341189A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-02-11 泗县孙苏生态农业科技有限公司 Preparation method of organic fertilizer
CN104446793A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-25 苏州嘉禧萝生物科技有限公司 Composting fermentation method for organic fertilizer
CN104744170A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-07-01 川渝中烟工业有限责任公司 Method for preparing konjak plant fertilizer by utilizing tobacco waste
CN104761408A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-08 云南顺丰生物科技肥业开发有限公司 Production method of pest control organic fertilizer
CN104788244A (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-07-22 冉洪崎 Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105130521A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-12-09 邓州丰奇集团肥业有限公司 Production technology for biological organic fertilizer special for tobacco
CN105111018A (en) * 2015-08-23 2015-12-02 云南省农业科学院热带亚热带经济作物研究所 Soil conditioner suitable for southern red soil and production method thereof
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CN105130547B (en) * 2015-09-28 2018-03-23 湖南农业大学 A kind of method of nicotine content in degrading tobacco discarded object using During High-Temperature Composting
CN105130547A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-09 湖南农业大学 Method for reducing nicotine content in tobacco waste by using high temperature composting
CN105272703A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-01-27 琚燎原 Flower fertilizer making method
CN105481580A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-04-13 广元市牛牛生物科技有限公司 Novel organic fertilizer for kiwifruits and preparation method thereof
CN105481580B (en) * 2015-12-29 2019-05-07 广元市牛牛生物科技有限公司 A kind of Kiwi fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof
CN105777232A (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-07-20 山东佐田氏生物科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer preparation method capable of increasing humic acid content
CN105777232B (en) * 2016-03-18 2019-05-17 山东佐田氏生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of organic fertilizer improving humic acid content
CN105967781A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-09-28 昆明线敌生物科技有限公司 Functional organic fertilizer with effects of fertilizing soil and expelling parasites
CN106396795A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 潘爱华 Medium and trace element-containing organic water-soluble fertilizer produced from tobacco wastes
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CN106518357A (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-03-22 何小宁 Bio-organic fertilizer special for apple seedlings and preparation method of bio-organic fertilizer
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CN108821905A (en) * 2018-05-26 2018-11-16 王言伟 A kind of biological organic fertilizer and its fertilizing method
CN108530176A (en) * 2018-05-26 2018-09-14 王言伟 A kind of biological organic fertilizer
CN108911808A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-11-30 山东土秀才生物科技有限公司 The production technology and biological organic fertilizer of content of humic acid in a kind of raising organic fertilizer

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Application publication date: 20140409