CN103524217B - Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN103524217B
CN103524217B CN201310460419.0A CN201310460419A CN103524217B CN 103524217 B CN103524217 B CN 103524217B CN 201310460419 A CN201310460419 A CN 201310460419A CN 103524217 B CN103524217 B CN 103524217B
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fermentation
organic fertilizer
mixture
microbial organic
fertilizer
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CN201310460419.0A
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CN103524217A (en
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卢红霞
尹瑞莲
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卢红霞
尹瑞莲
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Abstract

The invention provides a microbial organic fertilizer and a preparation method thereof. The microbial organic fertilizer is prepared by mixed fermentation of the following raw materials by the mass percentage: 50-70% of a livestock manure with the water content of 50 wt%-60 wt%, 5-15% of a tobacco residue, 2-8% of rice bran meal, 2-8% of a straw powder or a grass powder, 5-15% of a bone residue, 4-12% of a shell powder, 0.1-0.13% of bacillus licheniformis, and 0.1-0.13% of functional strains, wherein the sum of the contents of the raw materials is 100%. The microbial organic fertilizer is prepared by the processes of fully stirring and mixing the raw materials, fermenting, granulating and the like. The microbial organic fertilizer has scientific formula and high effective nutrients, enables organic N, P and K to be obtained by decomposing other auxiliary materials, has large microbial colony activity and comprehensive nutrients, is resistant to plant diseases and insect pests, and is suitable for being used as a basal fertilizer of various crops and for soil improvement.

Description

Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to organic fertilizer production field, particularly relate to a kind of microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with development that is nuisanceless, green and Organic farming, the fertilizer adopting fermentable to produce becomes a kind of new trend, organic fertilizer is rich in the nutritive substance needed for organic substance and plant growth, can not only provide nutrient needed for plant growth, improvement soil, crop quality can also be improved, improve crop yield, promote high crop yield stable yields, preservation of fertility, can utilization rate of fertilizer be improved simultaneously, reduce production cost.Abundant Appropriate application organic fertilizer can increase crop yield, culture fertility, improves quality of agricultural product, improve the validity of soil nutrient.Therefore; organic fertilizer is applied in China; meet the requirement of " Accelerating The Construction resource-conserving and environment-friendly society "; promotion agricultural and resource, Agriculture and Environment and harmony between man and nature close friend are developed; promote agricultural product security, cleaner production from source, preserve the ecological environment all significant.
Now microbial organic fertilizer is on the market of a great variety, but some formula unreasonable, make final fertilizer content of microorganisms few, effective constituent is not high, and fertilizer efficiency is limited.
Summary of the invention
Based on this, be necessary for the problems referred to above, provide that a kind of scientific formulation, effective constituent are high, the microbial organic fertilizer of disease and insect resistance and preparation method thereof.
For realizing above-mentioned technical purpose, provide concrete technical scheme as follows:
A kind of microbial organic fertilizer, it is formed by the raw material mixed fermentation of following mass percent: water content is the fowl and animal excrement of 50wt%-60wt%: 50-70%; Scarp: 5-15%; Rice bran meal: 2-8%; Straw powder or grass meal: 2-8%; Bone slag: 5-15%; Oyster shell whiting: 4-12%; Bacillus licheniformis: 0.1-0.13%; Function bacterial classification: 0.1-0.13%, above-mentioned raw materials summation is 100%; Described function bacterial classification is one or both in subtilis and bacillus laterosporus.
Wherein in some embodiments, mentioned microorganism fertilizer is formed by the raw material mixed fermentation of following weight percent: water content is the fowl and animal excrement of 50wt%-60wt%: 58-62%; Scarp: 9-11%; Rice bran meal: 4-6%; Straw powder or grass meal: 4-6%; Bone slag: 9-11%; Oyster shell whiting: 7-9%; Bacillus licheniformis: 0.1-0.13%, function bacterial classification: 0.1-0.13%, above-mentioned raw materials summation is 100%.
Wherein in some embodiments, described function bacterial classification is subtilis and bacillus laterosporus, and the ratio of addition is 1:1.
The effective ingredient of described microbial organic fertilizer: organic >=65%, NPK >=6%, effective active bacterium >=2.5 hundred million/gram, moisture content≤30%, pH value can adjust according to the demand of crop in 6.0-8.0(PH value).
Fowl and animal excrement can be cow dung, chicken manure, white pigeon manure, pig manure etc., is preferably cow dung, produces hardly " root knot nematode disease " with the plot of cow dung.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of mentioned microorganism fertilizer, and concrete steps are:
(1) by the fowl and animal excrement of above-mentioned weight part, scarp, rice bran meal, straw powder or grass meal, bone slag, oyster shell whiting, Bacillus licheniformis mixing, stirring, mixture 1 is obtained;
(2) mixture 1 is conveyed into fermentation vat, continuously ferments by pool is aerobic, continue fermentation after adding described function bacterial classification as the full 4-6 days of fermentation, fermentation period is 7-8 days, and obtain mixture 2 after becoming thoroughly decomposed, its water content is 30-35wt%;
(3) mixture 2 is piled stockpile store and carry out Secondary Fermentation, fermented rear removal foreign material, then carry out drying or granulation, to obtain final product.
Wherein in some embodiments, in described step (2), the aerobic Continuous Fermentation Processes of pool is: the space that the front end that described mixture 1 is conveyed into described fermentation vat is vacateed by every day, operational throughput is the 1/7-1/8 of fermentation vat length, the thickness of described mixture 1 in fermentation vat is 1.5-1.7m, to contact by high pressure positive blower segmentation forced ventilation and material during turning the oxygen provided with air and carry out that pool is aerobic continuously ferments, processing parameter is: 70 DEG C, continue fermentation after adding described function bacterial classification as the full 4-6 days of fermentation, fermentation period is 7-8 days.
Wherein in some embodiments, in described step (2), described in pool aerobic fermentation, high pressure positive blower is high pressure roots blower fan; And utilize chain-plate type fermenting and turning machine to carry out turning.
The penetrativity of high pressure roots blower fan oxygen supply is strong, can ensure oxygen at the bottom of pond equably, even to material oxygen supply, fermentation without dead angle.
Chain-plate type fermenting and turning machine, in turning process, in the working process of the upper and lower traveling mechanism in stack turner all around, achieve drop into artificial less, alleviate labour intensity.
Above-mentioned preparation method's quick composting organic solid windrow; Composting cycle is short, can save a large amount of place and productive expense; Effectively can eliminate the peculiar smell in material fast;
Nutrient loss is few, total nitrogen loss rate <1%, can effectively keep compost available nutrient, can play culture fertility after Term Fertilization, dredges native water conservation, improves soil physical and chemical property, and regulate the effects such as soil pH value, fertilizer efficiency is remarkable.
Play temperature fast, compost high-temperature and durable, effectively can kill the germ in composting material, worm's ovum, makes compost reach innoxious standard in the short period of time, becomes the High efficiency Commercial fertilizer meeting pollution-free food production requirement.
The present invention's beneficial effect is compared to existing technology:
The present invention adopts fowl and animal excrement, scarp, combination function bacterial classification and other auxiliary materials to prepare fertilizer as raw material, scientific formulation, by the combination to various proportioning raw materials, there is provided a good survival and reproduction environment can to microorganism (function bacterial classification is as subtilis and bacillus laterosporus), made microbial organic fertilizer fertilizer efficiency is good, effective constituent is high, and adds all right disease and insect resistance of the compositions such as scarp.
Embodiment
Raw materials used as follows in the present embodiment:
Fowl and animal excrement has selected cow dung, pig manure.
Rice bran meal is the byproduct producing Rice pollard oil by expansion extraction method, identical with primary rice bran external form, but the primary rice bran of Performance Ratio is excellent, the content of albumen is improve in warm process, lipase is lost activity, and eliminating the undesirable substances such as the true mattress in rice bran, thin mattress, under normal storage conditions, rice bran meal raw material is deposited and is undergone no deterioration for 3 months.Rice bran meal, containing 20% albumen and sugared part, is more conducive to fermentable, containing 5% N P and K, 70% organic matter, and is rich in the material such as robust fibre, mineral substance, simultaneously containing the nutritive element such as vitamins B, E and potassium, silicon, amino acid.
Stalk is the general name of ripe farm crop cauline leaf (fringe) part.Be often referred to wheat, paddy rice, corn, potato class, oil plant, cotton, sugarcane and other farm crop remainder after results seed.The photosynthetic product of farm crop has and is over halfly present in stalk, straw powder is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and organic matter etc., be that one has multiduty reproducible Biological resources, feature is crude fiber content high (30%-40%), and containing xylogen etc.
Grass meal has another name called plant ash, and for plant ash is the ashes after burning plants, the mineral element contained by every plant, nearly all contains in plant ash.What wherein content was maximum is potassium element, and general containing potassium 6-12%, wherein more than 90% is water-soluble, exists with carbonate form; Next is phosphorus, generally containing 1.5-3%; Also containing the micronutrient element such as calcium, magnesium, silicon, sulphur and iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron, molybdenum.The ash content of different plant, its nutrient content is different, is the highest with the potassium content of sunflower straw.
Bone slag has another name called bone meal, to raise the powdery product that bone is made for raw material.Bone meal is generally pale powder, water insoluble, and main component is tricalcium phosphate, gelatine and fat, and plant utilization is very slow, especially in calcareous soil, but then very fast in acid soil.Base manure can be made.Be mixed in compost or barnyard manure and use after fermentation, can fertilizer efficiency be improved.
Oyster shell whiting is oyster shell whiting pulverized powder, and the biological calcium be rich in is easy to be absorbed by farm crop, utilize, and the organic calcium produced after being decomposed by fermentable, can make the fruit of fruit tree shaping, solid, improves quality.
Function bacterial classification, as subtilis and bacillus laterosporus, can decompose the inorganic organic nutrient such as N, P, K solidifying in soil and remain, the fertilizer efficiency of chemical fertilizer is absorbed all sidedly by crop, can reduce the input of chemical fertilizer, reduce peasant household's production cost; And absolute bacterium colony advantage can be formed rapidly in spaces such as soil, root system and inside plants, seize germ nutrition, Fast-propagation, stop infecting and breeding of pathogenic bacteria, with bacterium bacterium, the multiple diseases of effectively preventing anthrax, blight and causing because of continuous cropping.
Wherein, subtilis has following effect: 1. improve crop disease-resistant, drought resisting, cold tolerance; 2. increase soil nutrient, improvement Soil structure, improve chemical fertilizer utilization ratio; 3. impel the organic matter decomposition in soil to become soil ulmin, stimulate plant growth; 4. promote plant growth, ripe, to reduce costs, increase yield, improve income; 5. there are certain fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing effect.
Bacillus laterosporus has following effect: 1. promote plant root growth, strengthens Root Absorption ability, thus improves crop yield; 2. suppress pathogenic bacteria breeding inside and outside plant materials, alleviate disease and pest, reduce pesticide residue; 3. improve chessom, solve soil compaction phenomenon, thus activating soil, improve utilization rate of fertilizer; 4. strengthen plant metabolism, promote photosynthesis and strengthening blade protection film, opposing pathogenic bacteria; 5. strengthen photosynthesis, improve chemical fertilizer utilization ratio, reduce nitrate content; 6. solidify some heavy metals, reduce plant in-vivo heavy metal content.
Scarp has sterilization, can prevent and treat the multiple underground pests such as mole cricket, cutworm, nematode, grub through fermentation.Scarp has another name called offal, is the thick and stiff vein of tobacco leaf, accounts for leaf and weigh 25% ~ 30%, is rich in the compositions such as organic matter (reaching more than 90%), nicotine, solanesol, nicotinic acid, pectin, vegetable-protein.
In fact there is not the change in material moiety in the byproduct scarp produced in production of cigarettes, mainly, carbohydrate accounts for 50% to chemical composition in production process, nicotine accounts for 1% ~ 4%, resin, polyphenol, xylogen etc. account for 15%, and protein accounts for 30%, and ash content accounts for 13%.Be particularly suitable for crop organic fertilizer raw material to use, in scarp, (nicotine is often referred to the general name of nicoteine and analogous alkaloid thereof to particular matter such as nicotine, and nicoteine accounts for more than 95%.) have another name called the expelling parasite of Nicotine energy desinsection, effectively drive away subterranean pest-insect; Tannin energy disinfecting mite-removing, suppresses soil-borne disease, effectively control underground nematode; Phenol, aldehyde, quinone, lipid aromatoising substance and organic acid: belong to natural phant growth regulator, promote crop root growth; The glucides such as monose, disaccharides, polysaccharide, Mierocrystalline cellulose, xylogen, humic acids etc. have unique effect in improvement soil.
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
Bacillus licheniformis in the following example, subtilis, bacillus laterosporus are all purchased from Microbiology Research Inst., Guangzhou City;
Fermentation vat in the following example is high 2 meters wide 10 meters that make with cement, brick mix structure, the fermentation vat several (determining according to target output and place) of long 80 meters.
Embodiment 1
A kind of microbial organic fertilizer, it is formed by the raw material mixed fermentation of following mass percent: water content is the cow dung of 50wt%-60wt%: 51.8%; Scarp: 15%; Rice bran meal: 8%; Straw powder: 8%; Bone slag: 5%; 80 order oyster shell whitings: 12%; Bacillus licheniformis: 0.1%, subtilis: 0.05%, bacillus laterosporus: 0.05%.
The preparation method of mentioned microorganism fertilizer is:
(1) by the cow dung of above-mentioned weight part, scarp, rice bran meal, straw powder, bone slag, oyster shell whiting, Bacillus licheniformis mixing, stirring, mixture 1 is obtained;
(2) space every day front end that described mixture 1 is conveyed into described fermentation vat vacateed, operational throughput is 1/8 of fermentation vat length, the thickness of described mixture 1 in fermentation vat is 1.5m, to contact by high pressure positive blower segmentation forced ventilation and material during turning the oxygen provided with air and carry out that pool is aerobic continuously ferments, make fermentation materials quick composting, sterilizing, desinsection, deodorizing, anhydrate, drying, processing parameter is: 70 DEG C, subtilis is added when described mixture 1 ferments and reaches 4 days in fermentation vat, bacillus laterosporus, a fermentation period is 8 days altogether, mixture 2 is obtained after becoming thoroughly decomposed, its water content is 30-35wt%,
(3) mixture 2 is piled stockpile to store and carry out Secondary Fermentation and become thoroughly decomposed further and remove part moisture content, screen after composting for some time (determining according to product task and place) to it, stone, ironware etc. are wherein removed in magnetic separation, dry, to obtain final product.
The effective ingredient of mentioned microorganism fertilizer: organic >=65%, NPK >=6%, effective active bacterium >=2.5 hundred million/gram, moisture content≤30%, pH value can adjust according to the demand of crop in 6.0-8.0(PH value).
Example 1 gained microbial organic fertilizer, common farm manure (cow dung), done the simultaneous test of microbial organic fertilizer and common farm manure to 7 years raw red Fuji apple trees by fruit tree research place, Yantai City Laizhou City gold fruit tree service station, city field experiment.What use the present embodiment 1 microbial organic fertilizer 50KG is A group, and what use common farm manure (cow dung) 100KG is B group.By field data collection and arrangement, find that the Apple Growth executing A group is good, fruit colouring early, painted good, defoliation of fruit trees than more than the late two weeks of B group, superfine fruit rate reaches 45%, one-level fruit rate 20.8%, secondary fruit rate 24.2%, nothing three grades of fruits; Execute the fruit tree superfine fruit rate 27% of B group, one-level fruit rate 32.4%, secondary fruit rate 27.7%, three grades fruit rate 12.9%.207.3KG is produced in the average strain of apple tree executing A group, and 153KG is produced in the average strain of apple tree executing B group.
Conclusion: the growing way of embodiment 1 gained microbial organic fertilizer to fruit tree has obvious promoter action, the effect that there is improvement soil, improve nutrient quality, improve output.
Embodiment 2
A kind of microbial organic fertilizer, it is formed by the raw material mixed fermentation of following mass percent: water content is the pig manure of 50wt%-60wt%: 69.74%; Scarp: 5%; Rice bran meal: 3%; Grass meal: 2%; Bone slag: 15%; 80 order oyster shell whitings: 5%; Bacillus licheniformis: 0.13%; Subtilis: 0.065%, bacillus laterosporus: 0.065%.
The preparation method of mentioned microorganism fertilizer is:
(1) by the pig manure of above-mentioned weight part, scarp, rice bran meal, grass meal, bone slag, oyster shell whiting, Bacillus licheniformis mixing, stirring, mixture 1 is obtained;
(2) space every day front end that described mixture 1 is conveyed into described fermentation vat vacateed, operational throughput is 1/8 of fermentation vat length, the thickness of described mixture 1 in fermentation vat is 1.7m, to contact by high pressure positive blower segmentation forced ventilation and material during turning the oxygen provided with air and carry out that pool is aerobic continuously ferments, make fermentation materials quick composting, sterilizing, desinsection, deodorizing, anhydrate, drying, processing parameter is: 70 DEG C, subtilis is added when described mixture 1 ferments and reaches 6 days in fermentation vat, bacillus laterosporus continues fermentation, fermentation period is 8 days altogether, mixture 2 is obtained after becoming thoroughly decomposed, its water content is 30-35wt%,
(3) mixture 2 is piled stockpile to store and carry out Secondary Fermentation and become thoroughly decomposed further and remove part moisture content, screen after composting for some time (determining according to product task and place) to it, stone, ironware etc. are wherein removed in magnetic separation, dry, to obtain final product.
The effective ingredient of mentioned microorganism fertilizer: organic >=65%, NPK >=6%, effective active bacterium >=2.5 hundred million/gram, moisture content≤30%, pH value can adjust according to the demand of crop in 6.0-8.0(PH value).
Example 2 gained microbial organic fertilizer, common farm manure (pig manure) carry out simultaneous test to cabbage mustard plantation (being divided into I, II, III district).What use the present embodiment 2 microbial organic fertilizer is A group, and what use common farm manure (pig manure) is B group, and obvious insect pest, growth retardation appear in B group cabbage mustard in process of growth; A group cabbage mustard well-grown, insect pest is few, robust plant, and comparatively B group is high for output.
Embodiment 3
A kind of microbial organic fertilizer, it is formed by the raw material mixed fermentation of following mass percent: water content is the cow dung of 50wt%-60wt%: 61.76%; Scarp: 10%; Rice bran meal: 5%; Straw powder: 5%; Bone slag: 10%; Oyster shell whiting: 8%; Bacillus licheniformis: 0.12%; Subtilis: 0.12%.
The preparation method of mentioned microorganism fertilizer is:
(1) by the cow dung of above-mentioned weight part, scarp, rice bran meal, straw powder, bone slag, oyster shell whiting, Bacillus licheniformis mixing, stirring, mixture 1 is obtained;
(2) space every day front end that described mixture 1 is conveyed into described fermentation vat vacateed, operational throughput is 1/8 of fermentation vat length, the thickness of described mixture 1 in fermentation vat is 1.6m, to contact by high pressure positive blower segmentation forced ventilation and material during turning the oxygen provided with air and carry out that pool is aerobic continuously ferments, make fermentation materials quick composting, sterilizing, desinsection, deodorizing, anhydrate, drying, processing parameter is: 70 DEG C, fermentation adds subtilis and continues fermentation when reaching 5 days, fermentation time is 8 days altogether, obtain mixture 2 after becoming thoroughly decomposed, its water content is 30-35wt%;
(3) mixture 2 is piled stockpile to store and carry out Secondary Fermentation and become thoroughly decomposed further and remove part moisture content, screen after composting for some time (determining according to product task and place) to it, stone, ironware etc. are wherein removed in magnetic separation, and granulation, to obtain final product.
The effective ingredient of mentioned microorganism fertilizer: organic >=65%, NPK >=6%, effective active bacterium >=2.5 hundred million/gram, moisture content≤30%, pH value can adjust according to the demand of crop in 6.0-8.0(PH value).
Embodiment 3 gained fertilizer nutrient is comprehensive, and be applicable to various effect, bacillus subtilis bacterial content is more, and survival rate is high, to improvement soil, solves soil compaction, promotion chemical fertilizer utilization ratio, can improve the anti-adversity ability of crop at severe weather.
Embodiment 4
To use embodiment 3 gained microbial organic fertilizer and common farm manure (chicken manure) in Huadu, Qingyuan City, Deqing, Fanyu etc. regional carried out 3 years by a definite date multiple spot contrast experiments (same district same period) for leaf vegetables, fruit and vegetable, sugarcane, oranges and tangerines, banana from 2009, and result is as shown in table 3:
Table 3 is used embodiment 3 gained microbial organic fertilizer and is used the control effects of common farm manure (chicken manure) to insect (unit only) and contrasts
Consolidated statement 3 is known, to use after embodiment 3 gained microbial organic fertilizer the anti-effect average out to of the control of underground pests to 64%; The insect pest of embodiment 3 gained microbial organic fertilizer to leaf vegetables, fruit and vegetable, sugarcane, oranges and tangerines, banana etc. has good repellent effect.
As seen from the above table, the present embodiment 3 microbial organic fertilizer has following effect: to cutworm, grub, ant class, mole cricket, weevil, the subterranean pest-insects such as maggot have good repellent action.Expelling parasite mechanism be by smell effect after nicotine decomposition in scarp in microbial organic fertilizer raw material (after fermentation) and after nicotine effective constituent is absorbed to insect pest drive or food refusal is played and is prevented the control of insect.The input of agricultural chemicals can be reduced, but can not agricultural chemicals be replaced.
The above embodiment only have expressed several embodiment of the present invention, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to the scope of the claims of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (3)

1. a microbial organic fertilizer, is characterized in that, it is formed by the raw material mixed fermentation of following mass percent: water content is the fowl and animal excrement of 50wt%-60wt%: 50-70%; Scarp: 5-15%; Rice bran meal: 2-8%; Straw powder or grass meal: 2-8%; Bone slag: 5-15%; Oyster shell whiting: 4-12%; Bacillus licheniformis: 0.1-0.13%; Function bacterial classification: 0.1-0.13%, above-mentioned raw materials summation is 100%; Described function bacterial classification is subtilis and bacillus laterosporus, and the ratio of addition is 1:1;
The preparation method of described microbial organic fertilizer, concrete steps are:
(1) by fowl and animal excrement, scarp, rice bran meal, straw powder or grass meal, bone slag, oyster shell whiting, Bacillus licheniformis mixing, stirring, mixture 1 is obtained;
(2) mixture 1 is conveyed into fermentation vat, continuously ferments by pool is aerobic, continue fermentation after adding described function bacterial classification as the full 4-6 days of fermentation, fermentation period is 7-8 days, and obtain mixture 2 after becoming thoroughly decomposed, its water content is 30-35wt%; The aerobic Continuous Fermentation Processes of described pool is: the space that the front end that described mixture 1 is conveyed into described fermentation vat is vacateed by every day, operational throughput is the 1/7-1/8 of fermentation vat length, the thickness of described mixture 1 in fermentation vat is 1.5-1.7m, to contact by high pressure positive blower segmentation forced ventilation and material during turning the oxygen provided with air and carry out that pool is aerobic continuously ferments, processing parameter is: 70 DEG C, continue fermentation after adding described function bacterial classification as the full 4-6 days of fermentation, fermentation period is 7-8 days;
(3) mixture 2 is piled stockpile store and carry out Secondary Fermentation, fermented rear removal foreign material, then carry out drying or granulation, to obtain final product.
2. microbial organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, it is formed by the raw material mixed fermentation of following weight percent: water content is the fowl and animal excrement of 50wt%-60wt%: 58-62%; Scarp: 9-11%; Rice bran meal: 4-6%; Straw powder or grass meal: 4-6%; Bone slag: 9-11%; Oyster shell whiting: 7-9%; Bacillus licheniformis: 0.1-0.13%, function bacterial classification: 0.1-0.13%, above-mentioned raw materials summation is 100%.
3. microbial organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step (2), described in pool aerobic fermentation, high pressure positive blower is high pressure roots blower fan; And utilize chain-plate type fermenting and turning machine to carry out turning.
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CN102838390A (en) * 2012-08-31 2012-12-26 成都市家家美食品有限公司 Ecological organic fertilizer

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