CN104261909A - Preparation method of bio-organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Preparation method of bio-organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104261909A
CN104261909A CN201410450297.1A CN201410450297A CN104261909A CN 104261909 A CN104261909 A CN 104261909A CN 201410450297 A CN201410450297 A CN 201410450297A CN 104261909 A CN104261909 A CN 104261909A
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fertilizer
organic fertilizer
mud
mixture
bio
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林文罗
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林文罗
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B13/00Fertilisers produced by pyrogenic processes from phosphatic materials
    • C05B13/02Fertilisers produced by pyrogenic processes from phosphatic materials from rock phosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of a bio-organic fertilizer which is prepared from nitrate mud, animal waste, flint clay, a rapeseed cake, phosphorus powder, plant ash and biogas fluid via combination and fermentation. The preparation process comprises the following steps: respectively airing the nitrate mud, the flint clay, the phosphorus powder, the rapeseed cake, the plant ash and the animal waste until the water content of the materials is lower than 12%, then respectively smashing the materials, mixing the materials and stirring uniformly to obtain a mixed material, mixing the biogas fluid with the mixed material to stir uniformly and adjusting the water content of the mixed material to 55-65%, and carrying out pile fermentation. The bio-organic fertilizer is wide in raw material source, low in cost, simple in preparation process, low in prepared product cost, comprehensive in nutrient element and good in fertilizer effect, and has the properties of increasing the organic matters of the soil, improving the soil structure, promoting the microbial activities of the soil, strengthening the fertilizer maintenance and fertilizer supply of the soil, increasing the crop output and improving the agricultural product quality.

Description

A kind of preparation method of biological organic fertilizer
Technical field
The invention belongs to the manufacture technology field of fertilizer, be specifically related to a kind of preparation method of biological organic fertilizer.
Background technology
At present, the fertilizer be applied in agriculture production mainly contains: chemical fertilizer, refined organic fertilizer material, bio-organic fertilizer, bio-bacterial manure, farm manure etc.
Chemical fertilizer is the fertilizer of the nutritive element containing one or more crop growths needs chemically made.Only indicate that the chemical fertilizer of the nutritive element of content is called straight fertilizer, as nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer and secondary major element fertilizer and trace element fertilizer containing a kind of.The chemical fertilizer of its content can be indicated containing two or three in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium three kinds of nutritive elements, be called compound manure or mixed fertilizer.The solubleness of active principle in water of chemical fertilizer normally measures the standard of chemical fertilizer validity.Grade is the leading indicator of chemical fertilizer quality, and it refers to the percent content of effective nutritive element or its oxide compound in chemical fertilizer products, as: the percentage composition of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, sodium, manganese, sulphur, boron, copper, iron, molybdenum, zinc.Wherein, phosphate fertilizer, nitrogenous fertilizer, potash fertilizer are the chemical fertilizer that plant demand is larger.
Refined organic fertilizer material is the organic commercial fertilizer that feces of livestock and poultry packs sale after drying, pulverizing.
Bio-bacterial manure is a kind of microbial fertilizer, is to cause crop to obtain a kind of goods of specific fertilizer effect with the vital movement of microorganism, is the one using fertilizer in agriculture production.It has the history of nearly 50 years in China,---bacterial fertilizer---microbial fertilizer from nitragin.
Of a great variety and the source of farm manure is wide, quantity is large, and be convenient to gather materials on the spot, use on the spot, cost is also lower.Typically refer to the fecaluria of people, livestock breeding fecaluria, rubbish from cooking (leftovers leftovers) and barnyard manure, green manure, compost and make compost.
Biological organic fertilizer refers to microorganisms with specific functions and is mainly originate and have the fertilizer of microbial fertilizer and fertilizer effect through the class that harmless treatment, the organic materials that becomes thoroughly decomposed are composited concurrently with plant and animal residues (as agricultural crop straw, feces of livestock and poultry etc.).
Biological organic fertilizer is compared with chemical fertilizer:
(1) biological organic fertilizer nutritive element is complete; Chemical fertilizer nutritive element only has one or more;
(2) biological organic fertilizer can improve soil; Chemical fertilizer often use can cause soil compaction;
(3) biological organic fertilizer can improve product quality; Chemical fertilizer application too much causes product quality inferior;
(4) biological organic fertilizer can improve rhizosphere microorganisms of crops group, improves the resistant to diseases and insects of plant; Chemical fertilizer is then that crop microbial population is single, easily disease and pest occurs;
(5) biological organic fertilizer can promote the utilization of chemical fertilizer, improves chemical fertilizer utilization ratio; Chemical fertilizer is used alone and easily causes the fixing of nutrient and run off.
Biological organic fertilizer is compared with refined organic fertilizer:
(1) biological organic fertilizer becomes thoroughly decomposed completely, does not burn root, not rotten seedling; Refined organic fertilizer, without becoming thoroughly decomposed, becomes thoroughly decomposed after directly using in soil, can cause and burn seedling phenomenon;
(2) biological organic fertilizer becomes thoroughly decomposed through high temperature, kills most of pathogenic bacteria and worm's ovum, reduces disease and pest and occurs; Refined organic fertilizer, without becoming thoroughly decomposed, can attract subterranean pest-insect when becoming thoroughly decomposed in soil;
(3) with the addition of probiotics in biological organic fertilizer, due to the occupation time process of flora, reduce disease and occur; Refined organic fertilizer, due to hyperthermia drying, kills whole microorganisms of the inside;
(4) biological organic fertilizer nutrient content is high; Refined organic fertilizer, due to pyroprocessing, causes nutrient loss;
(5) biological organic fertilizer is through deodorizing, and smell is light, almost odorless; Refined organic fertilizer, without deodorizing, gets damp and namely occurs stench.
The difference of biological organic fertilizer and farm manure:
(1) biological organic fertilizer becomes thoroughly decomposed completely, and worm's ovum mortality ratio reaches more than 95%; Farm manure is stacked simple, and worm's ovum mortality ratio is low;
(2) biological organic fertilizer odorless; Farm manure foul smelling;
(3) biological organic fertilizer is used conveniently, evenly; Inconvenience used by farm manure, and Term Fertilization is uneven.
The difference of biological organic fertilizer and bio-bacterial manure:
(1) biological organic fertilizer low price, per ton at about more than 1000 yuan; Bio-bacterial manure is expensive, unit up to ten thousand per ton;
(2) biological organic fertilizer contains function yeast and organic matter, can improve soil and promote by the release of soil fixing nutrient; Bio-bacterial manure only containing function yeast, promotes the utilization of soil fixing fertilizer by function yeast;
(3) organic matter of biological organic fertilizer inherently function yeast life environment, easily survive after being manured into soil; And the edatope that the function yeast of bio-bacterial manure may be not suitable for.
Current, the making method of traditional biological fertilizer is roughly as follows:
(1) raw tissue: domestic waste and various agricultural crop straw, leaf weeds, melon vine, straw, pine shell, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, wood sawdust, chaff powder, system chaff, marc, bagasse, edible fungi residues, vinasse, brewer's grains, sugar slag, acid-sludge, fecula, manioc waste, citric acid waste, soy sauce residues, residue of monosodium glutamate, granulated slag, residue from beans after making, the dregs of a decoction, the dregs of fat, oil meal, bran, the cotton dish dregs of rice, go mouldy feed, mud, sugar refinery brew-house slag mud, butcher tankage, to swill (swill) water, leftover, people's animal excrement the like waste,
(2) supplementary material proportioning: major ingredient and auxiliary material mass ratio=5: 1-3: 1;
(3) ferment: major ingredient and auxiliary material and appropriate water mix, and then carry out the biological organic fertilizer finished product that ferments to obtain.
Nutritive element contained in bio-feritlizer out prepared by above-mentioned technique is complete not, and fertilizer efficiency is poor.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention be exactly overcome above-mentioned technology deficiency and the preparation method of brand-new a kind of biological organic fertilizer is provided.Specifically comprise: this fertilizer is combined and ferment formed by nitre mud, animal excrement, flint mud, rapeseed cake, phosphorus stone flour, plant ash, methane liquid.Preparation process is first dried to material moisture above-mentioned nitre mud, flint mud, phosphorus stone flour, rapeseed cake, plant ash, animal excrement lower than 12% respectively, and all smash respectively, then various mixing of materials is got up and the mixture that stirs to obtain, finally mix with methane liquid and mixture and stir and the water content of mixture is adjusted to 55 ~ 65%, and forming through heap fermentation of vomitting.The raw material sources of the present invention's composition are extensive, cheap, production technique is simple, low, the contained nutritive element of product cost formed is comprehensive, fertilizer efficiency good, there is the increase soil organism, improve Soil structure, promote soil microbial activity, strengthen the performances such as soil fertilizer fertilizer, also significantly increase crop yield, improve agricultural product quality; The application of product can reduce chemical fertilizer and drop into, and thus reduces production cost.
Described nitre mud, nitrogen content is high, obviously can promote that farm crop chlorophyll grows, and Crop is fast, and fertilizer efficiency is long for perdurability.
The various highly effective chelatings needed for farm crop are rich in described animal excrement, the nitrogen organised, phosphorus, potassium element, also containing abundant major element and microelement chelate, simultaneously also containing fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing function yeast, greatly utilization rate of fertilizer can be improved; The animal excrement processed by fermentation are nontoxic, harmless, pollution-free, do not burn root, do not burn seedling, keep soil from packing together, culture fertility, are applicable to various soil, various crop.Full nutrition can not only be provided, increase yield, oil recovery enhancement for farm crop; And fertilizer efficiency is long, can increases and upgrade the soil organism, promoting microbial reproduction, improve the physics and chemistry of soil.
Described flint mud, is rich in the various trace elements needed for crop growth, as: calcium, iron, zinc, selenium etc.
Described rapeseed cake rapeseed cake is the byproduct thing after rapeseed oil, and containing higher protein, amino acid composition comparatively balances, and sulfur amino acid content is high, and arginine content is lower, and lysine content is low.Crude fiber content is higher, and calcic is also higher, and phosphorus is higher than calcium, and major part is phytate phosphorus, and micro-iron content is abundanter.Meanwhile, rapeseed cake is pungent, effectively can murder the insect of plant root.
Described plant ash is the resistates after plant (draft and xylophyta) burning.Mineral element contained by all plants, nearly all contains in plant ash.The main component of plant ash is salt of wormwood (K 2cO 3), relative molecular mass is 138.What wherein content was maximum is potassium element, and general containing potassium 6 ~ 12%, wherein more than 90% is water-soluble, exists with carbonate form; Next is phosphorus, generally containing 1.5 ~ 3%; Also containing the micronutrient element such as calcium, magnesium, silicon, sulphur and iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron, molybdenum.When waiting potassium amount to use plant ash, fertilizer efficiency is better than Chemical Potassium.So it is a kind of wide material sources, with low cost, nutrient is complete, the obvious inorganic farm manure of fertilizer efficiency.Meanwhile, plant ash is the sterilizing agent raw material that rural area extensively exists, and has the very strong effect killing pathogenic bacteria and virus.
Described methane liquid, containing abundant nitrogen in the liquid of natural pond, the composition that the biological growths such as phosphorus, potassium, selenium need and trace element, comprehensive, the quick-acting liquid manure of a kind of nutrient, it contains more comprehensive nutrient and abundant organic matter, be a kind of having both slowly and the excellent fertilizer of tool improvement soil function, can be used for grain, cash crop and fruit tree, melon dish etc., the yield and quality of farm crop can be improved.The application of marsh gas dregs fertilizer not only can make soil nutrient be supplemented, and improves soil physical and chemical property, is formed with the edatope being beneficial to plant growth, but also can improve crop yield.Some diseases and pests of agronomic crop can be prevented and treated on the other hand, be regarded as biological pesticide.Facts have proved and can prevent eliminating aphis, red, yellow spider, rice leafhopper, planthopper, banded sclerotial blight etc.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A preparation method for biological organic fertilizer, is in technical scheme to comprise the steps:
1, raw material composition and proportioning: nitre mud 23%, animal excrement 22%, flint mud 20%, rapeseed cake 15%, phosphorus stone flour 10%, plant ash 10%, methane liquid is appropriate.
2, spice: above-mentioned nitre mud, flint mud, phosphorus stone flour, rapeseed cake, plant ash, animal excrement are dried to material moisture respectively lower than 12%, and all smash respectively, then various mixing of materials is got up and the mixture that stirs to obtain, finally mix with methane liquid and mixture and stir and the water content of mixture is adjusted to 55 ~ 65%.
3, ferment: mixture is piled wide 2 meters, high 1 meter, the bar stack do not limit of length, and tight with the covering of plastic film cloth, carry out anaerobically fermenting.
4, stirring: maintain fermentation 6 ~ 8 days laggard windrows when temperature in compound reaches 60 DEG C and turn over, hide with plastic cloth again after heap climbs over and tight continue fermentation 6 ~ 8 days, then carry out heap and turn over, until compound overstrike or chocolate, the softness held is flexible, completes fermenting process.
5, dry: compound ferment is dried under 70 DEG C of environment by dryer, dry to mixture moisture content must bio-organic fertilizer lower than 8 ~ 12%.
6, pack: the bio-organic fertilizer of drying is packed to obtain refined biometric fertilizer according to quantity.
Wherein, described animal excrement are one or more mixing wherein of pig manure, cow dung, sheep excrement, chicken manure, duck excrement.
Compared with prior art, the present invention both had the following advantages:
1, its making method of bio-organic fertilizer proposed by the invention is not only novel, and formula is unique, and technique is simple, easily implements.
2, implement the present invention's main raw material used, source is all very extensive, and easily organizes, cheap.
3, by implementing the present invention, the biological organic fertilizer made not only has been rich in the nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and other contained nutritive elements are comprehensive.Meanwhile, organic matter is very abundant, is various crop, the highly effective biological organic fertilizer that is all suitable for of various soil.
4, by implementing the present invention, the product cost that the biological organic fertilizer made is formed is low, effective.Also there is effects such as placing disease and pest simultaneously.
5, by implementing the present invention, the biological organic fertilizer made has conditioning soil, activation Soil Microorganism enlivens rate, overcomes soil compaction, increases soil air permeability.Reduce water loss and evaporation, alleviate arid pressure, fertilizer conservation, minimizing chemical fertilizer, alleviate saline and alkaline infringement, when reduce fertilizer amount or progressively replacing fertilizer, increase soil fertility, food crop, cash crop, greengrocery, melon and fruit class are significantly increased production.Improve quality of agricultural product, fruit lovely luster, head is neat, maturation is concentrated, melon agricultural-food sugar degree, vitamin contents are all improved, and mouthfeel is good, are conducive to expanding export, and improve price.Improve crop economical character, make crop stalk sturdy, leaf look dark green, blooms in advance, and do fruit rate high, fruit marketability is good, ahead of time Time To Market.Strengthen crop resistance and resistance, alleviate disease and soil-borne disease that crop causes because of continuous cropping, reduce sickness rate; There is good effect to the control of mosaic disease, balck shank, anthrax etc., strengthen crop to the integrated campaign ability of poor environment simultaneously.Reducing environmental pollution, to people, animal, environmental safety, nontoxic, is a kind of environment-friendly type fertilizer.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, method of the present invention is further illustrated.
A preparation method for biological organic fertilizer, embodiment is as follows:
Embodiment 1:
1, raw material composition and proportioning: nitre mud 23%, pig manure 22%, flint mud 20%, rapeseed cake 15%, phosphorus stone flour 10%, plant ash 10%, methane liquid is appropriate.
2, spice: above-mentioned nitre mud, flint mud, phosphorus stone flour, rapeseed cake, plant ash, pig manure are dried to material moisture respectively lower than 12%, and all smash respectively, then various mixing of materials is got up and the mixture that stirs to obtain, finally mix with methane liquid and mixture and stir and the water content of mixture is adjusted to 55 ~ 65%.
3, ferment: mixture is piled wide 2 meters, high 1 meter, the bar stack do not limit of length, and tight with the covering of plastic film cloth, carry out anaerobically fermenting.
4, stirring: maintain fermentation 6 ~ 8 days laggard windrows when temperature in compound reaches 60 DEG C and turn over, hide with plastic cloth again after heap climbs over and tight continue fermentation 6 ~ 8 days, then carry out heap and turn over, until compound overstrike or chocolate, the softness held is flexible, completes fermenting process.
5, dry: compound ferment is dried under 70 DEG C of environment by dryer, dry to mixture moisture content must bio-organic fertilizer lower than 8 ~ 12%.
6, pack: the bio-organic fertilizer of drying is packed to obtain refined biometric fertilizer according to quantity.
Embodiment 2:
1, raw material composition and proportioning: nitre mud 23%, cow dung 22%, flint mud 20%, rapeseed cake 15%, phosphorus stone flour 10%, plant ash 10%, methane liquid is appropriate.
2, spice: above-mentioned nitre mud, flint mud, phosphorus stone flour, rapeseed cake, plant ash, cow dung are dried to material moisture respectively lower than 12%, and all smash respectively, then various mixing of materials is got up and the mixture that stirs to obtain, finally mix with methane liquid and mixture and stir and the water content of mixture is adjusted to 55 ~ 65%.
3, ferment: mixture is piled wide 2 meters, high 1 meter, the bar stack do not limit of length, and tight with the covering of plastic film cloth, carry out anaerobically fermenting.
4, stirring: maintain fermentation 6 ~ 8 days laggard windrows when temperature in compound reaches 60 DEG C and turn over, hide with plastic cloth again after heap climbs over and tight continue fermentation 6 ~ 8 days, then carry out heap and turn over, until compound overstrike or chocolate, the softness held is flexible, completes fermenting process.
5, dry: compound ferment is dried under 70 DEG C of environment by dryer, dry to mixture moisture content must bio-organic fertilizer lower than 8 ~ 12%.
6, pack: the bio-organic fertilizer of drying is packed to obtain refined biometric fertilizer according to quantity.
Embodiment 3:
1, raw material composition and proportioning: nitre mud 23%, sheep excrement 22%, flint mud 20%, rapeseed cake 15%, phosphorus stone flour 10%, plant ash 10%, methane liquid is appropriate.
2, spice: above-mentioned nitre mud, flint mud, phosphorus stone flour, rapeseed cake, plant ash, sheep excrement are dried to material moisture respectively lower than 12%, and all smash respectively, then various mixing of materials is got up and the mixture that stirs to obtain, finally mix with methane liquid and mixture and stir and the water content of mixture is adjusted to 55 ~ 65%.
3, ferment: mixture is piled wide 2 meters, high 1 meter, the bar stack do not limit of length, and tight with the covering of plastic film cloth, carry out anaerobically fermenting.
4, stirring: maintain fermentation 6 ~ 8 days laggard windrows when temperature in compound reaches 60 DEG C and turn over, hide with plastic cloth again after heap climbs over and tight continue fermentation 6 ~ 8 days, then carry out heap and turn over, until compound overstrike or chocolate, the softness held is flexible, completes fermenting process.
5, dry: compound ferment is dried under 70 DEG C of environment by dryer, dry to mixture moisture content must bio-organic fertilizer lower than 8 ~ 12%.
6, pack: the bio-organic fertilizer of drying is packed to obtain refined biometric fertilizer according to quantity.
Embodiment 4:
1, raw material composition and proportioning: nitre mud 23%, chicken manure 22%, flint mud 20%, rapeseed cake 15%, phosphorus stone flour 10%, plant ash 10%, methane liquid is appropriate.
2, spice: above-mentioned nitre mud, flint mud, phosphorus stone flour, rapeseed cake, plant ash, chicken manure are dried to material moisture respectively lower than 12%, and all smash respectively, then various mixing of materials is got up and the mixture that stirs to obtain, finally mix with methane liquid and mixture and stir and the water content of mixture is adjusted to 55 ~ 65%.
3, ferment: mixture is piled wide 2 meters, high 1 meter, the bar stack do not limit of length, and tight with the covering of plastic film cloth, carry out anaerobically fermenting.
4, stirring: maintain fermentation 6 ~ 8 days laggard windrows when temperature in compound reaches 60 DEG C and turn over, hide with plastic cloth again after heap climbs over and tight continue fermentation 6 ~ 8 days, then carry out heap and turn over, until compound overstrike or chocolate, the softness held is flexible, completes fermenting process.
5, dry: compound ferment is dried under 70 DEG C of environment by dryer, dry to mixture moisture content must bio-organic fertilizer lower than 8 ~ 12%.
6, pack: the bio-organic fertilizer of drying is packed to obtain refined biometric fertilizer according to quantity.
Embodiment 5:
1, raw material composition and proportioning: nitre mud 23%, duck excrement 22%, flint mud 20%, rapeseed cake 15%, phosphorus stone flour 10%, plant ash 10%, methane liquid is appropriate.
2, spice: above-mentioned nitre mud, flint mud, phosphorus stone flour, rapeseed cake, plant ash, duck excrement are dried to material moisture respectively lower than 12%, and all smash respectively, then various mixing of materials is got up and the mixture that stirs to obtain, finally mix with methane liquid and mixture and stir and the water content of mixture is adjusted to 55 ~ 65%.
3, ferment: mixture is piled wide 2 meters, high 1 meter, the bar stack do not limit of length, and tight with the covering of plastic film cloth, carry out anaerobically fermenting.
4, stirring: maintain fermentation 6 ~ 8 days laggard windrows when temperature in compound reaches 60 DEG C and turn over, hide with plastic cloth again after heap climbs over and tight continue fermentation 6 ~ 8 days, then carry out heap and turn over, until compound overstrike or chocolate, the softness held is flexible, completes fermenting process.
5, dry: compound ferment is dried under 70 DEG C of environment by dryer, dry to mixture moisture content must bio-organic fertilizer lower than 8 ~ 12%.
6, pack: the bio-organic fertilizer of drying is packed to obtain refined biometric fertilizer according to quantity.
Embodiment 6:
1, raw material composition and proportioning: nitre mud 23%, pig manure 4%, cow dung 3%, sheep excrement 5%, chicken manure 5%, duck excrement 5%, flint mud 20%, rapeseed cake 15%, phosphorus stone flour 10%, plant ash 10%, methane liquid is appropriate.
2, spice: above-mentioned nitre mud, flint mud, phosphorus stone flour, rapeseed cake, plant ash, animal excrement are dried to material moisture respectively lower than 12%, and all smash respectively, then various mixing of materials is got up and the mixture that stirs to obtain, finally mix with methane liquid and mixture and stir and the water content of mixture is adjusted to 55 ~ 65%.
3, ferment: mixture is piled wide 2 meters, high 1 meter, the bar stack do not limit of length, and tight with the covering of plastic film cloth, carry out anaerobically fermenting.
4, stirring: maintain fermentation 6 ~ 8 days laggard windrows when temperature in compound reaches 60 DEG C and turn over, hide with plastic cloth again after heap climbs over and tight continue fermentation 6 ~ 8 days, then carry out heap and turn over, until compound overstrike or chocolate, the softness held is flexible, completes fermenting process.
5, dry: compound ferment is dried under 70 DEG C of environment by dryer, dry to mixture moisture content must bio-organic fertilizer lower than 8 ~ 12%.
6, pack: the bio-organic fertilizer of drying is packed to obtain refined biometric fertilizer according to quantity.

Claims (2)

1. a preparation method for biological organic fertilizer, is characterized in that comprising the steps:
(1) raw material composition and proportioning: nitre mud 23%, animal excrement 22%, flint mud 20%, rapeseed cake 15%, phosphorus stone flour 10%, plant ash 10%, methane liquid is appropriate;
(2) spice: above-mentioned nitre mud, flint mud, phosphorus stone flour, rapeseed cake, plant ash, animal excrement are dried to material moisture respectively lower than 12%, and all smash respectively, then various mixing of materials is got up and the mixture that stirs to obtain, finally mix with methane liquid and mixture and stir and the water content of mixture is adjusted to 55 ~ 65%;
(3) ferment: mixture is piled wide 2 meters, high 1 meter, the bar stack do not limit of length, and tight with the covering of plastic film cloth, carry out anaerobically fermenting;
(4) stirring: maintain fermentation 6 ~ 8 days laggard windrows when temperature in compound reaches 60 DEG C and turn over, hide with plastic cloth again after heap climbs over and tight continue fermentation 6 ~ 8 days, then carry out heap and turn over, until compound overstrike or chocolate, the softness held is flexible, completes fermenting process;
(5) dry: compound ferment is dried under 70 DEG C of environment by dryer, dry to mixture moisture content must bio-organic fertilizer lower than 8 ~ 12%;
(6) pack: the bio-organic fertilizer of drying is packed to obtain refined biometric fertilizer according to quantity.
2. according to the preparation method of a kind of biological organic fertilizer described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described animal excrement are one or more mixing wherein of pig manure, cow dung, sheep excrement, chicken manure, duck excrement.
CN201410450297.1A 2014-09-04 2014-09-04 Preparation method of bio-organic fertilizer Pending CN104261909A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105367222A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-02 桃江县新星生物科技有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106631210A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-10 四川筑红运林业科技有限责任公司 Fertilizer for promoting rapid growth of Dalbergia Odorifera
CN106883073A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-06-23 苏州顶裕生物科技有限公司 A kind of biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109988019A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-07-09 李刚 A kind of farm NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE microbial manure
CN112759435A (en) * 2021-02-03 2021-05-07 河北环境工程学院 Organic fertilizer taking livestock and poultry manure as raw material and preparation method thereof
WO2021128317A1 (en) * 2019-12-27 2021-07-01 蒋伯康 Bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method therefor

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CN112759435A (en) * 2021-02-03 2021-05-07 河北环境工程学院 Organic fertilizer taking livestock and poultry manure as raw material and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150107