CN104496655A - Water-retaining and fertilizer-retaining planting soil and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Water-retaining and fertilizer-retaining planting soil and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104496655A
CN104496655A CN201410728034.2A CN201410728034A CN104496655A CN 104496655 A CN104496655 A CN 104496655A CN 201410728034 A CN201410728034 A CN 201410728034A CN 104496655 A CN104496655 A CN 104496655A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
water
planting soil
fertility
batching
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410728034.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陶建平
Original Assignee
苏州市新巷农艺科技园
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Priority to CN201410728034.2A priority Critical patent/CN104496655A/en
Publication of CN104496655A publication Critical patent/CN104496655A/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention discloses water-retaining and fertilizer-retaining planting soil which consists of a raw material A, a raw material B and microbes, wherein the raw material A comprises garden soil, pulp sludge, wood bits and vermiculite; the raw material B comprises urea, diammonium phosphate, molybdenum sulfate, zinc sulfate, a water retaining agent and deionized water; the microbes comprise bacillus and nitrogen-fixing bacteria. The invention also discloses a preparation method of the water-retaining and fertilizer-retaining planting soil. The water-retaining and fertilizer-retaining planting soil disclosed by the invention is rich in nutritional ingredients, loose, good in air permeability, high in water and fertilizer retention capacity, capable of improving the stress resistance of crops, nontoxic and beneficial for environmental protection.

Description

A kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil and preparation method thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to plant planting field, be specifically related to a kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil.
Background technology:
China is a large agricultural country, and agricultural is China's Important Economic pillar, but along with expanding economy, the destruction of ecotope, pollute more and more serious, the edatope of agricultural planting worsens also more and more serious, some soil compaction is serious, and fertility is poor, and containing a lot of objectionable impurities.
People make up soil of greenbelt fertility deficiency to improve soil, can take effect as early as possible, need to use sufficient base manure to plant after plant recovery is grown.As requested, select some mineral manure stack rettings and stack retting mushroom after fully becoming thoroughly decomposed is fertile or wood chip uses as soil base manure, make fertilely fully to mix with soil, accomplish that loam melts mutually, play and both improved soil nutrient, make again loosing soil, good effect of ventilating.
Summary of the invention:
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil.Preserve moisture and fertility planting soil provided by the invention, rich in nutrition content, loosing soil, good permeability, preserve moisture and fertility ability is strong, can improve the resistance of crop, nontoxic, is conducive to environment protection.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
A kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil, with parts by weight, comprises following component:
Batching A:
Garden mould 15-20 part, paper pulp mud 10-15 part,
Wood chip 5-8 part, vermiculite 6-10 part,
Batching B:
Urea 8-12 part, diammonium phosphate 5-10 part,
Molybdenum trisulfate 0.5-1 part, zinc sulfate 0.1-0.5 part,
Water-holding agent 5-10 part, deionized water 10-15 part,
Microorganism:
Genus bacillus 1-3 part, vinelandii 2-5 part.
Preferred as technique scheme, a kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil, with parts by weight, comprises following component:
Batching A:
Garden mould 18 parts, paper pulp mud 10 parts,
Wood chip 7 parts, vermiculite 8 parts,
Batching B:
10 parts, urea, diammonium phosphate 9 parts,
Molybdenum trisulfate 0.65 part, 0.3 part, zinc sulfate,
Water-holding agent 5 parts, deionized water 15 parts,
Microorganism:
Genus bacillus 2 parts, 5 parts, vinelandii.
Preferred as technique scheme, the water content of described paper pulp mud is 60%.
Preferred as technique scheme, described water-holding agent is acid polyethylene sodium.
For better dealing with problems, present invention also offers the preparation method of this preserve moisture and fertility planting soil, comprising the following steps:
(1) garden mould, wood chip, vermiculite are pulverized, cross 100-300 eye mesh screen, and paper pulp mud is uniformly mixed, obtain the A for preparing burden, be transferred to fermentation vat;
(2) urea, diammonium phosphate, molybdenum trisulfate, zinc sulfate is water-soluble, obtain fertilizer solution, add water-holding agent, mix, obtain the B for preparing burden, the temperature in fermentation vat is controlled at 45 DEG C, atmospheric moisture controls at 40-45%, will prepare burden B in fermentation vat with batching A mixing and stirring;
(3) genus bacillus, vinelandii deionized water are diluted, be sprayed in the mixture of batching A and batching B, after stirring, pile up, gas permeable film in covering, fermentation 1-2 days, leavening temperature is lower than 50 DEG C, when temperature is higher than 50 DEG C, open plastics film and carry out stirring cooling, after fermentation, dry, pulverize, obtain preserve moisture and fertility planting soil.
Preferred as technique scheme, crosses 150 eye mesh screens after garden mould, wood chip, vermiculite being pulverized in step (1).
Preferred as technique scheme, in step (2), atmospheric moisture controls 40%.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
Preserve moisture and fertility planting soil provided by the invention, containing the abundant element such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, can be supplied to the necessary nutrient of plant growth, genus bacillus, vinelandii are except can chessom, bacterium harmful to crop in soil can also be killed, thus reduce crop pest.In addition, genus bacillus, vinelandii can also promote that crop root is to the absorption of nutritive ingredient, prevents the loss of fertilizer, adding of water-holding agent, improve the water-retentivity of soil.
Preserve moisture and fertility planting soil provided by the invention is nontoxic, and preparation is simple, without toxic substance release in preparation process, is conducive to environment protection.
Embodiment:
For a better understanding of the present invention, below by several embodiment to further instruction of the present invention, embodiment is only used for explaining the present invention, can not form any restriction to the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil, with parts by weight, comprises following component:
Garden mould 15 parts, paper pulp mud 10 parts,
Wood chip 5 parts, vermiculite 6 parts,
8 parts, urea, diammonium phosphate 5 parts,
Molybdenum trisulfate 0.5 part, 0.1 part, zinc sulfate,
Water-holding agent 5 parts, deionized water 10 parts,
Genus bacillus 1 part, 2 parts, vinelandii.
(1) 15 parts of garden moulds, 5 parts of wood chips, 6 parts of vermiculites are pulverized, cross 100 eye mesh screens, and 10 parts of paper pulp muds are uniformly mixed, obtain the A for preparing burden, be transferred to fermentation vat;
(2) 8 parts of urea, 5 parts of diammonium phosphate, 0.5 part of molybdenum trisulfate, 0.1 part of zinc sulfate is water-soluble, obtain fertilizer solution, add 5 parts of water-holding agents, mix, obtain the B for preparing burden, temperature in fermentation vat controlled at 45 DEG C, atmospheric moisture controls 40%, will prepare burden B in fermentation vat with batching A mixing and stirring;
(3) 1 part of genus bacillus, 2 parts of vinelandii deionized waters are diluted, be sprayed in the mixture of batching A and batching B, after stirring, pile up, gas permeable film in covering, ferment 1 day, leavening temperature is lower than 50 DEG C, when temperature is higher than 50 DEG C, open plastics film and carry out stirring cooling, after fermentation, dry, pulverize, obtain preserve moisture and fertility planting soil.
Embodiment 2
A kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil, with parts by weight, comprises following component:
Garden mould 20 parts, paper pulp mud 15 parts,
Wood chip 8 parts, vermiculite 10 parts,
12 parts, urea, diammonium phosphate 10 parts,
Molybdenum trisulfate 1 part, 0.5 part, zinc sulfate,
Water-holding agent 10 parts, deionized water 15 parts,
Genus bacillus 3 parts, 5 parts, vinelandii.
Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) 20 parts of garden moulds, 8 parts of wood chips, 10 parts of vermiculites are pulverized, cross 300 eye mesh screens, and 15 parts of paper pulp muds are uniformly mixed, obtain the A for preparing burden, be transferred to fermentation vat;
(2) 12 parts of urea, 10 parts of diammonium phosphate, 1 part of molybdenum trisulfate, 0.5 part of zinc sulfate is water-soluble, obtain fertilizer solution, add 10 parts of water-holding agents, mix, obtain the B for preparing burden, temperature in fermentation vat controlled at 45 DEG C, atmospheric moisture controls 45%, will prepare burden B in fermentation vat with batching A mixing and stirring;
(3) 3 parts of genus bacillus, 5 parts of vinelandii deionized waters are diluted, be sprayed in the mixture of batching A and batching B, after stirring, pile up, gas permeable film in covering, ferment 2 days, leavening temperature is lower than 50 DEG C, when temperature is higher than 50 DEG C, open plastics film and carry out stirring cooling, after fermentation, dry, pulverize, obtain preserve moisture and fertility planting soil.
Embodiment 3
A kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil, with parts by weight, comprises following component:
Garden mould 16 parts, paper pulp mud 11 parts,
Wood chip 6 parts, vermiculite 7 parts,
9 parts, urea, diammonium phosphate 6 parts,
Molybdenum trisulfate 0.6 part, 0.2 part, zinc sulfate,
Water-holding agent 6 parts, deionized water 11 parts,
Genus bacillus 2 parts, 3 parts, vinelandii.
Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) 16 parts of garden moulds, 6 parts of wood chips, 7 parts of vermiculites are pulverized, cross 150 eye mesh screens, and 11 parts of paper pulp muds are uniformly mixed, obtain the A for preparing burden, be transferred to fermentation vat;
(2) 9 parts of urea, 6 parts of diammonium phosphate, 0.6 part of molybdenum trisulfate, 0.2 part of zinc sulfate is water-soluble, obtain fertilizer solution, add 6 parts of water-holding agents, mix, obtain the B for preparing burden, temperature in fermentation vat controlled at 45 DEG C, atmospheric moisture controls 41%, will prepare burden B in fermentation vat with batching A mixing and stirring;
(3) 2 parts of genus bacillus, 3 parts of vinelandii deionized waters are diluted, be sprayed in the mixture of batching A and batching B, after stirring, pile up, gas permeable film in covering, ferment 1 day, leavening temperature is lower than 50 DEG C, when temperature is higher than 50 DEG C, open plastics film and carry out stirring cooling, after fermentation, dry, pulverize, obtain preserve moisture and fertility planting soil.
Embodiment 4
A kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil, with parts by weight, comprises following component:
Garden mould 17 parts, paper pulp mud 12 parts,
Wood chip 7 parts, vermiculite 8 parts,
10 parts, urea, diammonium phosphate 7 parts,
Molybdenum trisulfate 0.7 part, 0.3 part, zinc sulfate,
Water-holding agent 7 parts, deionized water 12 parts,
Genus bacillus 3 parts, 4 parts, vinelandii.
Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) 17 parts of garden moulds, 7 parts of wood chips, 8 parts of vermiculites are pulverized, cross 200 eye mesh screens, and 12 parts of paper pulp muds are uniformly mixed, obtain the A for preparing burden, be transferred to fermentation vat;
(2) 10 parts of urea, 7 parts of diammonium phosphate, 0.7 part of molybdenum trisulfate, 0.3 part of zinc sulfate is water-soluble, obtain fertilizer solution, add 7 parts of water-holding agents, mix, obtain the B for preparing burden, temperature in fermentation vat controlled at 45 DEG C, atmospheric moisture controls 42%, will prepare burden B in fermentation vat with batching A mixing and stirring;
(3) 3 parts of genus bacillus, 4 parts of vinelandii deionized waters are diluted, be sprayed in the mixture of batching A and batching B, after stirring, pile up, gas permeable film in covering, ferment 2 days, leavening temperature is lower than 50 DEG C, when temperature is higher than 50 DEG C, open plastics film and carry out stirring cooling, after fermentation, dry, pulverize, obtain preserve moisture and fertility planting soil.
Embodiment 5
A kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil, with parts by weight, comprises following component:
Garden mould 18 parts, paper pulp mud 14 parts,
Wood chip 7 parts, vermiculite 8 parts,
11 parts, urea, diammonium phosphate 9 parts,
Molybdenum trisulfate 0.9 part, 0.4 part, zinc sulfate,
Water-holding agent 8 parts, deionized water 14 parts,
Genus bacillus 2 parts, 4 parts, vinelandii.
Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) 18 parts of garden moulds, 7 parts of wood chips, 8 parts of vermiculites are pulverized, cross 280 eye mesh screens, and 14 parts of paper pulp muds are uniformly mixed, obtain the A for preparing burden, be transferred to fermentation vat;
(2) 11 parts of urea, 9 parts of diammonium phosphate, 0.9 part of molybdenum trisulfate, 0.4 part of zinc sulfate is water-soluble, obtain fertilizer solution, add 8 parts of water-holding agents, mix, obtain the B for preparing burden, temperature in fermentation vat controlled at 45 DEG C, atmospheric moisture controls 44%, will prepare burden B in fermentation vat with batching A mixing and stirring;
(3) 2 parts of genus bacillus, 4 parts of vinelandii deionized waters are diluted, be sprayed in the mixture of batching A and batching B, after stirring, pile up, gas permeable film in covering, ferment 2 days, leavening temperature is lower than 50 DEG C, when temperature is higher than 50 DEG C, open plastics film and carry out stirring cooling, after fermentation, dry, pulverize, obtain preserve moisture and fertility planting soil.
After testing, preserve moisture and fertility planting soil provided by the invention, nitrogen content is 35%, and phosphorus content is 22%, is 5% containing molybdenum amount, and zinc content is 2.5%, and all the other are water and air, and its pH is 5-8, is suitable for long-term cropping.

Claims (7)

1. a preserve moisture and fertility planting soil, is characterized in that, with parts by weight, comprises following component:
Batching A:
Garden mould 15-20 part, paper pulp mud 10-15 part,
Wood chip 5-8 part, vermiculite 6-10 part,
Batching B:
Urea 8-12 part, diammonium phosphate 5-10 part,
Molybdenum trisulfate 0.5-1 part, zinc sulfate 0.1-0.5 part,
Water-holding agent 5-10 part, deionized water 10-15 part,
Microorganism:
Genus bacillus 1-3 part, vinelandii 2-5 part.
2. a kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, with parts by weight, comprises following component:
Batching A:
Garden mould 18 parts, paper pulp mud 10 parts,
Wood chip 7 parts, vermiculite 8 parts,
Batching B:
10 parts, urea, diammonium phosphate 9 parts,
Molybdenum trisulfate 0.65 part, 0.3 part, zinc sulfate,
Water-holding agent 5 parts, deionized water 15 parts,
Microorganism:
Genus bacillus 2 parts, 5 parts, vinelandii.
3. a kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the water content of described paper pulp mud is 60%.
4. a kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described water-holding agent is acid polyethylene sodium.
5. the preparation method of a kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) garden mould, wood chip, vermiculite are pulverized, cross 100-300 eye mesh screen, and paper pulp mud is uniformly mixed, obtain the A for preparing burden, be transferred to fermentation vat;
(2) urea, diammonium phosphate, molybdenum trisulfate, zinc sulfate is water-soluble, obtain fertilizer solution, add water-holding agent, mix, obtain the B for preparing burden, the temperature in fermentation vat is controlled at 45 DEG C, atmospheric moisture controls at 40-45%, will prepare burden B in fermentation vat with batching A mixing and stirring;
(3) genus bacillus, vinelandii deionized water are diluted, be sprayed in the mixture of batching A and batching B, after stirring, pile up, gas permeable film in covering, fermentation 1-2 days, leavening temperature is lower than 50 DEG C, when temperature is higher than 50 DEG C, open plastics film and carry out stirring cooling, after fermentation, dry, pulverize, obtain preserve moisture and fertility planting soil.
6. the preparation method of a kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, crosses 150 eye mesh screens after garden mould, wood chip, vermiculite being pulverized in step (1).
7. the preparation method of a kind of preserve moisture and fertility planting soil as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, in step (2), atmospheric moisture controls 40%.
CN201410728034.2A 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 Water-retaining and fertilizer-retaining planting soil and preparation method thereof CN104496655A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105272466A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-27 大新县生产力促进中心 Culture substrate of ostrya japonica cutting seedlings and preparation method of culture substrate
CN105884540A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-08-24 韩立 Novel sustained-release oxygen fertilizer
CN105918002A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-09-07 广德县为农农机专业合作社 Cultivation soil for climbing plants and preparation method for cultivation soil
CN108569926A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-09-25 武汉市绿色环保能源有限公司 A kind of afforestation plantation base material and preparation method thereof made using waste incineration slag
CN110012816A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-07-16 焦新年 A kind of aerial villa courtyard soil and its preparation method and application

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101715714A (en) * 2009-11-02 2010-06-02 东北师范大学 Moisture-preserving nutritious soil for growing herbaceous flower seedlings and preparation method thereof
CN102126877A (en) * 2010-12-04 2011-07-20 徐贵阁 Green biological seedling raising matrix
CN102173959A (en) * 2011-03-18 2011-09-07 厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司 Eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production process thereof
CN102217469A (en) * 2010-04-19 2011-10-19 陆振冈 Organic cultivation medium and application method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101715714A (en) * 2009-11-02 2010-06-02 东北师范大学 Moisture-preserving nutritious soil for growing herbaceous flower seedlings and preparation method thereof
CN102217469A (en) * 2010-04-19 2011-10-19 陆振冈 Organic cultivation medium and application method thereof
CN102126877A (en) * 2010-12-04 2011-07-20 徐贵阁 Green biological seedling raising matrix
CN102173959A (en) * 2011-03-18 2011-09-07 厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司 Eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production process thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105272466A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-27 大新县生产力促进中心 Culture substrate of ostrya japonica cutting seedlings and preparation method of culture substrate
CN105918002A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-09-07 广德县为农农机专业合作社 Cultivation soil for climbing plants and preparation method for cultivation soil
CN105884540A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-08-24 韩立 Novel sustained-release oxygen fertilizer
CN108569926A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-09-25 武汉市绿色环保能源有限公司 A kind of afforestation plantation base material and preparation method thereof made using waste incineration slag
CN110012816A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-07-16 焦新年 A kind of aerial villa courtyard soil and its preparation method and application

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