CN104341189A - Preparation method of organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Preparation method of organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104341189A
CN104341189A CN201410571216.3A CN201410571216A CN104341189A CN 104341189 A CN104341189 A CN 104341189A CN 201410571216 A CN201410571216 A CN 201410571216A CN 104341189 A CN104341189 A CN 104341189A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
organic fertilizer
fertilizer
organic
temperature
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410571216.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙云
孙建
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SIXIAN COUNTY SUNSU ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SIXIAN COUNTY SUNSU ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SIXIAN COUNTY SUNSU ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical SIXIAN COUNTY SUNSU ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410571216.3A priority Critical patent/CN104341189A/en
Publication of CN104341189A publication Critical patent/CN104341189A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/50Treatments combining two or more different biological or biochemical treatments, e.g. anaerobic and aerobic treatment or vermicomposting and aerobic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of an organic fertilizer, which comprises the following steps: separating out plastic bags from waste fungal spores, mixing broiler manure, waste fungal spores and ferment expansion bacterium, heating the mixture under atmospheric pressure, and meanwhile, stirring the mixture for fermentation; carrying out heap fermentation; and sending the heap fermentation product into a screening machine, sending the screened material to a granulator, and granulating to obtain the organic fertilizer. The organic fertilizer can resist harmful bacteria, strengthen the plant root and enhance the resistance of plants. After being applied to soil, the organic fertilizer can increase the oxygen content of soil by 5 times and enhance the absorptivity of organic nitrogen, organic phosphorus and organic potassium by more than 3 times; and the organic fertilizer spontaneously generates antagonistic bacterium to inhibit pathogenic bacteria from breeding, increases the soil productivity, can change the pH value of the soil, and is capable of softening the soil, solidifying the pellets and preventing the plant root from rotting. The organic fertilizer has balanced carbon-nitrogen ratio, and thus, can promote the plant development and enhance the antimicrobial activity of plants. The organic fertilizer can activate the soil organisms and enable the earthworms to naturally regenerate within 1-3 weeks.

Description

A kind of preparation method of fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biological organic fertilizer, in particular a kind of preparation method of fertilizer.
Background technology
Biological organic fertilizer is organic solid waste (comprise organic waste, solid waste that stalk, feces of livestock and poultry, grouts, agricultural byproducts and food-processing produce) through the organic fertilizer of bio-fertilizer strain fermentation, deodorizing and the post-treatment that becomes thoroughly decomposed completely.Soil can be nursed one's health, activation Soil Microorganism enlivens rate, overcomes soil compaction, increases soil air permeability.Increase soil fertility, food crop, cash crop, greengrocery, melon and fruit class are significantly increased production.How selecting comparatively economic fertilizer, really accomplish environment friendly and pollution-free, is the emphasis of modern inorganic fertilizer research.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of preparation method of fertilizer, efficiency utilization currently available products obtains high quality organic fertilizer.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: the present invention includes following steps:
(1) after the plastics bag in useless bacterium spore being separated, then according to broiler chicken excrement 800kg, useless bacterium spore 1200kg, ferment expands the ratio mixing of bacterium 1kg, regulates pH to be 6 ~ 8;
(2) under normal pressure, mixture is heated to 95 ~ 110 DEG C, stirs the mixture simultaneously, ferment 7 ~ 9 hours;
(3) heap fermentation, solid accumulation temperature is 70 ~ 80 DEG C, turning 3 ~ 7 times, and every turning in 3 ~ 4 days once, piling height is 2 ~ 3 meters, until material surface adularescent mycelia generates, heap fermentation completes;
(4) mass transport terminated by heap fermentation, to sifting machine, screens out impurity and macrobead that particle diameter is greater than 0.5cm;
(5) material after screening is sent into granulator granulation, obtain fertilizer.
In described step (2), temperature higher than the weather of 25 DEG C, Heating temperature 95 DEG C; Temperature is lower than the weather of 10 DEG C, and Heating temperature is 110 DEG C.Select suitable temperature, can fermentation fertilizer, the effect of sterilization can be played again.
In described step (3), being masked as of solid accumulation fermentation ends: temperature is down to 30 ~ 40 DEG C, material is brown, and powdery is evenly, ordorless.
The ferment that the present invention uses expands bacterium, its commodity are called the agricultural ferment of BYM, be made up of the bacterium of the very strong hydrolyzable enzyme of the vigor that can produce, yeast, thread fungus, the Japan that its former bacterial classification comes, be divided into a former bacterium and No. two former bacterium, must be with the use of, 10 kilograms of former bacterium coordinate with 10 grams of No. two former bacterium and can produce one ton and expand bacterium, and former bacterium has in the Ministry of Agriculture of China puts on record.
The present invention has the following advantages compared to existing technology: the preparation method of fertilizer of the present invention is simple, and the fertilizer prepared can antagonism harmful bacteria, and strong plant root, increases plant resistant power.Fertilizer is applied in soil, soil oxygen level 5 times can be increased, strengthen the absorption more than 3 times of organonitrogen, organophosphorus, organic potassium, naturally producing anti-bacterium short of money suppresses germ to multiply, increase soil productivity, use the pH-value that can change soil, make that soil is soft, granule is solid, prevent plant root from rotting.Fertilizer of the present invention contains abundant balanced carbon-nitrogen ratio, can promote development of plants, strengthens plants antimicrobial power.Soil organisms can be made to activate in one ~ tri-week, make earthworm Natural re generation.
Embodiment
Elaborate to embodiments of the invention below, the present embodiment is implemented under premised on technical solution of the present invention, give detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following embodiment.
The fertilizer of the present embodiment comprises following component by weight: broiler chicken excrement 800kg, and useless bacterium spore 1200kg, ferment expands bacterium 1kg.In fertilizer, active probiotics is 0.5 hundred million/g, pH is 6 ~ 8.
The broiler chicken excrement of the present embodiment is the broiler chicken ight soil delivered for sale for 45 days.The broiler chicken delivered for sale for 45 days is being eaten from be born to delivering for sale always, and inside the ight soil simultaneously drained, organic content is high, as all feeds grain.
The useless bacterium spore of the present embodiment is the useless bacterium spore of pocket mushrooms.According to the growth characteristic of pocket mushrooms, pocket mushrooms is generally only long one batch, and the content of dregs of beans, corn cob, wheat bran skin and sawdust inside its discarded bacterium spore is high, and organic content is high.
The preparation method of the fertilizer of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps:
(1) after the plastics bag in useless bacterium spore being separated, then according to broiler chicken excrement 800kg, useless bacterium spore 1200kg, ferment expands the ratio mixing of bacterium 1kg, regulates pH to be 6 ~ 8;
(2) under normal pressure, mixture is heated to 95 ~ 110 DEG C, stirs the mixture simultaneously, ferment 7 ~ 9 hours; Temperature higher than the weather of 25 DEG C, Heating temperature 95 DEG C; Temperature is lower than the weather of 10 DEG C, and Heating temperature is 110 DEG C;
(3) heap fermentation, solid accumulation temperature is 70 ~ 80 DEG C, turning 3 ~ 7 times, and every turning in 3 ~ 4 days once, piling height is 2 ~ 3 meters, until material surface adularescent mycelia generates, heap fermentation completes; Being masked as of solid accumulation fermentation ends: temperature is down to 30 ~ 40 DEG C, material is brown, and powdery is evenly, ordorless;
(4) mass transport terminated by heap fermentation, to sifting machine, screens out impurity and macrobead that particle diameter is greater than 0.5cm;
(5) material after screening is sent into granulator granulation, obtain fertilizer.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a preparation method for fertilizer, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) after the plastics bag in useless bacterium spore being separated, then according to broiler chicken excrement 800kg, useless bacterium spore 1200kg, ferment expands the ratio mixing of bacterium 1kg, regulates pH to be 6 ~ 8;
(2) under normal pressure, mixture is heated to 95 ~ 110 DEG C, stirs the mixture simultaneously, ferment 7 ~ 9 hours;
(3) heap fermentation, solid accumulation temperature is 70 ~ 80 DEG C, turning 3 ~ 7 times, and every turning in 3 ~ 4 days once, piling height is 2 ~ 3 meters, until material surface adularescent mycelia generates, heap fermentation completes;
(4) mass transport terminated by heap fermentation, to sifting machine, screens out impurity and macrobead that particle diameter is greater than 0.5cm;
(5) material after screening is sent into granulator granulation, obtain fertilizer.
2. the preparation method of a kind of fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (2), temperature higher than the weather of 25 DEG C, Heating temperature 95 DEG C; Temperature is lower than the weather of 10 DEG C, and Heating temperature is 110 DEG C.
3. the preparation method of a kind of fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (3), being masked as of solid accumulation fermentation ends: temperature is down to 30 ~ 40 DEG C, material is brown, and powdery is evenly, ordorless.
CN201410571216.3A 2014-10-23 2014-10-23 Preparation method of organic fertilizer Pending CN104341189A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410571216.3A CN104341189A (en) 2014-10-23 2014-10-23 Preparation method of organic fertilizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410571216.3A CN104341189A (en) 2014-10-23 2014-10-23 Preparation method of organic fertilizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104341189A true CN104341189A (en) 2015-02-11

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CN201410571216.3A Pending CN104341189A (en) 2014-10-23 2014-10-23 Preparation method of organic fertilizer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104341189A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106146203A (en) * 2015-04-27 2016-11-23 康平格瑞园有机肥有限公司 A kind of fertilizer
CN106146202A (en) * 2015-04-27 2016-11-23 康平格瑞园有机肥有限公司 Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer
CN108658651A (en) * 2017-03-31 2018-10-16 吴罗宗 A kind of formula of organic fertilizer

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1785923A (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-14 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Edible fungus chaff green fertilizer
CN101624303A (en) * 2009-08-11 2010-01-13 长沙浩博生物科技有限公司 K-rich organic fertilizer and production method thereof
CN102898196A (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-01-30 遵化市长城科贸有限公司 Organic fertilizer using chicken manure and mushroom dreg as raw materials and preparation technology
CN103086770A (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-05-08 云南顺丰生物科技肥业开发有限公司 Preparation method of pollution-free organic fertilizer
JP2013103870A (en) * 2011-11-16 2013-05-30 Sanko Kagaku Kenkyusho:Kk Method for sterilizing organic fertilizer
CN103483020A (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-01-01 成都天星农业科技有限公司 Bio-organic fertilizer and method for preparing bio-organic fertilizer which prevents and treats soil insects
CN103708860A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-09 贵州凤泰禽业有限公司 Organic fertilizer prepared from chicken manure and tobacco and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1785923A (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-14 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Edible fungus chaff green fertilizer
CN101624303A (en) * 2009-08-11 2010-01-13 长沙浩博生物科技有限公司 K-rich organic fertilizer and production method thereof
JP2013103870A (en) * 2011-11-16 2013-05-30 Sanko Kagaku Kenkyusho:Kk Method for sterilizing organic fertilizer
CN102898196A (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-01-30 遵化市长城科贸有限公司 Organic fertilizer using chicken manure and mushroom dreg as raw materials and preparation technology
CN103086770A (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-05-08 云南顺丰生物科技肥业开发有限公司 Preparation method of pollution-free organic fertilizer
CN103483020A (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-01-01 成都天星农业科技有限公司 Bio-organic fertilizer and method for preparing bio-organic fertilizer which prevents and treats soil insects
CN103708860A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-09 贵州凤泰禽业有限公司 Organic fertilizer prepared from chicken manure and tobacco and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
冯国杰 等: "菌渣、鸡粪联合堆肥工艺研究", 《安全与环境学报》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106146203A (en) * 2015-04-27 2016-11-23 康平格瑞园有机肥有限公司 A kind of fertilizer
CN106146202A (en) * 2015-04-27 2016-11-23 康平格瑞园有机肥有限公司 Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer
CN108658651A (en) * 2017-03-31 2018-10-16 吴罗宗 A kind of formula of organic fertilizer

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Application publication date: 20150211