CN105347868A - Ferment organic fertilizer special for vegetables and fruits and preparation method of ferment organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Ferment organic fertilizer special for vegetables and fruits and preparation method of ferment organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105347868A
CN105347868A CN201510922093.8A CN201510922093A CN105347868A CN 105347868 A CN105347868 A CN 105347868A CN 201510922093 A CN201510922093 A CN 201510922093A CN 105347868 A CN105347868 A CN 105347868A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
vegetables
ferment
composite enzyme
organic fertilizer
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Pending
Application number
CN201510922093.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金姬善
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HEILONGJIANG DAFENG TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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HEILONGJIANG DAFENG TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510922093.8A priority Critical patent/CN105347868A/en
Publication of CN105347868A publication Critical patent/CN105347868A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F5/00Fertilisers from distillery wastes, molasses, vinasses, sugar plant or similar wastes or residues, e.g. from waste originating from industrial processing of raw material of agricultural origin or derived products thereof
    • C05F5/002Solid waste from mechanical processing of material, e.g. seed coats, olive pits, almond shells, fruit residue, rice hulls
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides ferment organic fertilizer special for vegetables and fruits and a preparation method of the ferment organic fertilizer. The ferment organic fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 200 to 300 parts of maize straw, 200 to 300 parts of wheat straw, 100 to 150 parts of rice bran, 20 to 30 parts of Chinese medicine residue, 20 to 30 parts of crofton weed, 20 to 30 parts of rot vegetable and 30 to 40 parts of composite ferment; the composite ferment adopts the composite ferment produced by Korea Oasis Ferment Joint-stock Company or Japan Oasis Chemical Industry Joint-stock Company. The preparation method is simple in process, convenient for processing and manufacturing and suitable for industrial production. By adopting the ferment organic fertilizer special for vegetables and fruits, provided by the invention, the quality of planting soil can be effectively improved, the effects of resisting diseases and preventing insect attack are outstanding, the produced melons are sweet, the produced vegetables are fresh, and the melons and vegetables are durable in storage and transportation.

Description

A kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
the present invention relates to a kind of ferment fertilizer, particularly relate to a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
fertilizer is organic solid waste (comprise organic waste, solid waste that stalk, feces of livestock and poultry, grouts, agricultural byproducts and food-processing produce) through the organic fertilizer of fertile strain fermentation, deodorizing and the post-treatment that becomes thoroughly decomposed completely.Soil can be nursed one's health, activation Soil Microorganism enlivens rate, overcomes soil compaction, increases soil air permeability.Increase soil fertility, food crop, cash crop, greengrocery, melon and fruit class are significantly increased production.Abundant Appropriate application organic fertilizer can increase crop yield, culture fertility, improves quality of agricultural product, improve the validity of soil nutrient.Therefore; organic fertilizer is applied in China; meet the requirement of " Accelerating The Construction resource-conserving and environment-friendly society "; promotion agricultural and resource, Agriculture and Environment and harmony between man and nature close friend are developed; promote agricultural product security, cleaner production from source, preserve the ecological environment all significant.
Summary of the invention
the object of this invention is to provide a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer and preparation method thereof, can effectively improve planting soil quality, disease-resistant, insect-pest is remarkably productive, such that the melon of output is sweet, dish is fresh, resistance to storage, resistance to fortune.
object of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer, raw materials by weight portion, maize straw 200-300 part, Wheat Straw 200-300 part, rice bran 100-150 part, Chinese medicine slag 20-30 part, Hemp Eupatorium 20-30 part, rotten vegetables 20-30 part, composite enzyme 30-40 part.
described a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer, optimum weight number pressed by raw material, maize straw 300 parts, Wheat Straw 200 parts, 150 parts, rice bran, Chinese medicine slag 30 parts, Hemp Eupatorium 25 parts, rotten vegetables 25 parts, composite enzyme 35 parts.
the composite enzyme that described composite enzyme adopts great Han Lvzhou ferment Co., Ltd. to produce or the composite enzyme that Japanese oasis chemistry Industrial Co., Ltd produces.
described a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer, make according to the following steps:
(1) by weight, maize straw, Wheat Straw, rice bran, Chinese medicine slag, Hemp Eupatorium, rotten vegetables, composite enzyme is taken, for subsequent use;
(2) get maize straw for subsequent use, Wheat Straw, be cut into the segment being less than 20cm; Get rice bran, Chinese medicine slag, being crushed to fineness is 60-80 order; Get Hemp Eupatorium, rotten vegetables, pulverize as fritter respectively, for subsequent use;
(3) get the maize straw, the Wheat Straw that are cut into segment, get the rice bran after pulverizing, Chinese medicine slag, get the Hemp Eupatorium after pulverizing, rotten vegetables, mixing and stirring, adds suitable quantity of water, regulates moisture to water content 40-60%; Add composite enzyme, mixing and stirring;
(4) fermentation reactor system, fermentation heap height is 120-150cm, and the ventilative tarpaulin thing in its top is built, and keeps stockpile temperature 40-60 DEG C, turning in 3 days once, composting 15-18 day, to raw material color tawny, slightly musty or fermented flavour, fermentation ends;
(5) get the raw material after fermentation ends, dry to moisture lower than 30%, packaging after pulverizing, obtained finished product.
beneficial effect of the present invention: a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer of the present invention, and the dissolution rate between soil is higher, be easy to soil absorption, giving while vegetables and fruits provide nutrient, improvement soil that can also be subtle, can effectively improve planting soil quality, and this fertilizer disease-resistant, insect-pest is remarkably productive, such that the melon of output is sweet, dish is fresh, resistance to storage, resistance to fortune.
Embodiment
embodiment 1
a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer, raw materials by weight portion, maize straw 200-300 part, Wheat Straw 200-300 part, rice bran 100-150 part, Chinese medicine slag 20-30 part, Hemp Eupatorium 20-30 part, rotten vegetables 20-30 part, composite enzyme 30-40 part.
the composite enzyme that described composite enzyme adopts great Han Lvzhou ferment Co., Ltd. to produce or the composite enzyme that Japanese oasis chemistry Industrial Co., Ltd produces.
described a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer, make according to the following steps:
(1) by weight, maize straw 200-300 part, Wheat Straw 200-300 part, rice bran 100-150 part, Chinese medicine slag 20-30 part, Hemp Eupatorium 20-30 part, rotten vegetables 20-30 part, composite enzyme 30-40 part is taken, for subsequent use;
(2) get maize straw 200-300 part for subsequent use, Wheat Straw 200-300 part, be cut into the segment being less than 20cm; Get rice bran 100-150 part, Chinese medicine slag 20-30 part, being crushed to fineness is 60-80 order; Get Hemp Eupatorium 20-30 part, rotten vegetables 20-30 part, pulverize as fritter respectively, for subsequent use;
(3) get the maize straw, the Wheat Straw that are cut into segment, get the rice bran after pulverizing, Chinese medicine slag, get the Hemp Eupatorium after pulverizing, rotten vegetables, mixing and stirring, adds suitable quantity of water, regulates moisture to water content 40-60%; Add composite enzyme 30-40 part, mixing and stirring;
(4) fermentation reactor system, fermentation heap height is 120-150cm, and the ventilative tarpaulin thing in its top is built, and keeps stockpile temperature 40-60 DEG C, turning in 3 days once, composting 15-18 day, to raw material color tawny, slightly musty or fermented flavour, fermentation ends;
(5) get the raw material after fermentation ends, dry to moisture lower than 30%, packaging after pulverizing, obtained finished product.
embodiment 2
a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer, optimum weight number pressed by raw material, maize straw 300 parts, Wheat Straw 200 parts, 150 parts, rice bran, Chinese medicine slag 30 parts, Hemp Eupatorium 25 parts, rotten vegetables 25 parts, composite enzyme 35 parts.
the composite enzyme that described composite enzyme adopts great Han Lvzhou ferment Co., Ltd. to produce or the composite enzyme that Japanese oasis chemistry Industrial Co., Ltd produces.
described a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer, make according to the following steps:
(1) by weight, maize straw 300 parts, Wheat Straw 200 parts, 150 parts, rice bran, Chinese medicine slag 30 parts, Hemp Eupatorium 25 parts, rotten vegetables 25 parts, composite enzyme 35 parts is claimed, for subsequent use;
(2) get maize straw for subsequent use 300 parts, Wheat Straw 200 parts, be cut into the segment being less than 20cm; Get 150 parts, rice bran, Chinese medicine slag 30 parts, being crushed to fineness is 60-80 order; Get Hemp Eupatorium 25 parts, rotten vegetables 25 parts, pulverize as fritter respectively, for subsequent use;
(3) get the maize straw, the Wheat Straw that are cut into segment, get the rice bran after pulverizing, Chinese medicine slag, get the Hemp Eupatorium after pulverizing, rotten vegetables, mixing and stirring, adds suitable quantity of water, regulates moisture to water content 40-60%; Add composite enzyme 35 parts, mixing and stirring;
(4) fermentation reactor system, fermentation heap height is 120-150cm, and the ventilative tarpaulin thing in its top is built, and keeps stockpile temperature 40-60 DEG C, turning in 3 days once, composting 15-18 day, to raw material color tawny, slightly musty or fermented flavour, fermentation ends;
(5) get the raw material after fermentation ends, dry to moisture lower than 30%, packaging after pulverizing, obtained finished product.
embodiment 3
suitable for crop: leaf vegetables, melon and fruit class, tubers
nutrient content:
N≥12%;P2O5≥8%;K2O≥10%;
nutritive ingredient:
ferment>=5%; Organic>=20%; Containing biological slow-released, growth regulating isoreactivity ferment.
packing dosage: every bag of net content>=50kg; Formulation: composite grain.
usage quantity
leaf vegetables, flowers: per hectare 8-10 bag 25-35kg/667m2
melon and fruit tubers: per hectare 10-15 bag 35-50kg/667m2
farm manure and chemical fertilizer that chicken manure etc. do not become thoroughly decomposed can not be executed again, easily produce Ammonia toxicity.
using method: be beneficial to and spread fertilizer over the fields before ploughing or transplanting time hole is executed.

Claims (4)

1. a vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer, it is characterized in that: raw materials by weight portion, maize straw 200-300 part, Wheat Straw 200-300 part, rice bran 100-150 part, Chinese medicine slag 20-30 part, Hemp Eupatorium 20-30 part, rotten vegetables 20-30 part, composite enzyme 30-40 part.
2. a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: raw material by optimum weight number, maize straw 300 parts, Wheat Straw 200 parts, 150 parts, rice bran, Chinese medicine slag 30 parts, Hemp Eupatorium 25 parts, rotten vegetables 25 parts, composite enzyme 35 parts.
3. a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the composite enzyme that described composite enzyme adopts great Han Lvzhou ferment Co., Ltd. to produce or the composite enzyme that Japanese oasis chemistry Industrial Co., Ltd produces.
4. a kind of vegetables and fruits special ferment fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: make according to the following steps:
(1) by weight, maize straw, Wheat Straw, rice bran, Chinese medicine slag, Hemp Eupatorium, rotten vegetables, composite enzyme is taken, for subsequent use;
(2) get maize straw for subsequent use, Wheat Straw, be cut into the segment being less than 20cm; Get rice bran, Chinese medicine slag, being crushed to fineness is 60-80 order; Get Hemp Eupatorium, rotten vegetables, pulverize as fritter respectively, for subsequent use;
(3) get the maize straw, the Wheat Straw that are cut into segment, get the rice bran after pulverizing, Chinese medicine slag, get the Hemp Eupatorium after pulverizing, rotten vegetables, mixing and stirring, adds suitable quantity of water, regulates moisture to water content 40-60%; Add composite enzyme, mixing and stirring;
(4) fermentation reactor system, fermentation heap height is 120-150cm, and the ventilative tarpaulin thing in its top is built, and keeps stockpile temperature 40-60 DEG C, turning in 3 days once, composting 15-18 day, to raw material color tawny, slightly musty or fermented flavour, fermentation ends;
(5) get the raw material after fermentation ends, dry to moisture lower than 30%, packaging after pulverizing, obtained finished product.
CN201510922093.8A 2015-12-14 2015-12-14 Ferment organic fertilizer special for vegetables and fruits and preparation method of ferment organic fertilizer Pending CN105347868A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107244951A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-10-13 贵州中魁农业(集团)中林农业发展有限公司 A kind of agricultural planting fertilizer
CN108329156A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-07-27 南通市白龙有机肥科技有限公司 A kind of vegetables and fruits ecological organic fertilier
CN108440204A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-08-24 南通市白龙有机肥科技有限公司 A kind of vegetables and fruits fertilizer special for organic
CN109704821A (en) * 2019-01-17 2019-05-03 杨印辉 A kind of method that high-calcium vegetable and stalk produce organic high calcium fertilizer
CN110218118A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-09-10 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 A kind of full stress-strain stalk particle fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN113173825A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-07-27 烟台市步鹤山农业科技有限公司 Special traditional Chinese medicine organic fertilizer for tea
CN113200781A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-08-03 杨凌亿能碳生物肥研发集团有限公司 Fruit and vegetable quality improver and preparation and use methods thereof

Citations (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1673194A (en) * 2005-01-27 2005-09-28 四川新能酵素菌生物工程有限公司 Ferment bacteria organic fertilizer and its production process
CN101857492A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-10-13 王秀波 Bio-enzyme fertilizer
CN102815977A (en) * 2012-08-14 2012-12-12 淮北市诺吉尔有机生态化肥有限公司 Process for producing organic fertilizer by livestock and poultry manure composting
CN102942399A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-02-27 临邑县联盛农资营销中心 Biological enzyme fertilizer
CN103086788A (en) * 2011-11-05 2013-05-08 孟爱玲 Preparation method of organic fertilizer
CN103708890A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-09 沈阳四兄弟肥业有限公司 Biological enzyme fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1673194A (en) * 2005-01-27 2005-09-28 四川新能酵素菌生物工程有限公司 Ferment bacteria organic fertilizer and its production process
CN101857492A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-10-13 王秀波 Bio-enzyme fertilizer
CN103086788A (en) * 2011-11-05 2013-05-08 孟爱玲 Preparation method of organic fertilizer
CN102815977A (en) * 2012-08-14 2012-12-12 淮北市诺吉尔有机生态化肥有限公司 Process for producing organic fertilizer by livestock and poultry manure composting
CN102942399A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-02-27 临邑县联盛农资营销中心 Biological enzyme fertilizer
CN103708890A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-09 沈阳四兄弟肥业有限公司 Biological enzyme fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107244951A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-10-13 贵州中魁农业(集团)中林农业发展有限公司 A kind of agricultural planting fertilizer
CN108329156A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-07-27 南通市白龙有机肥科技有限公司 A kind of vegetables and fruits ecological organic fertilier
CN108440204A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-08-24 南通市白龙有机肥科技有限公司 A kind of vegetables and fruits fertilizer special for organic
CN109704821A (en) * 2019-01-17 2019-05-03 杨印辉 A kind of method that high-calcium vegetable and stalk produce organic high calcium fertilizer
CN110218118A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-09-10 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 A kind of full stress-strain stalk particle fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN113200781A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-08-03 杨凌亿能碳生物肥研发集团有限公司 Fruit and vegetable quality improver and preparation and use methods thereof
CN113173825A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-07-27 烟台市步鹤山农业科技有限公司 Special traditional Chinese medicine organic fertilizer for tea

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Application publication date: 20160224