CN103613459A - Seedling raising substrate for greenhouse planting - Google Patents

Seedling raising substrate for greenhouse planting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103613459A
CN103613459A CN201310600568.2A CN201310600568A CN103613459A CN 103613459 A CN103613459 A CN 103613459A CN 201310600568 A CN201310600568 A CN 201310600568A CN 103613459 A CN103613459 A CN 103613459A
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parts
sodium
vermiculite
plant ash
perlite
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邵艳艳
周克福
张宪正
李学勇
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Qingdao Dongyi Jinhe Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Qingdao Dongyi Jinhe Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a seedling raising substrate for greenhouse planting, which comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5-10 parts of sawdust, 10-20 parts of cattle manure, 5-10 parts of chicken manure, 3-5 parts of straw powder, 3-5 parts of pulverized corn cob, 3-5 parts of perlite, 3-5 parts of vermiculite, 5-8 parts of plant ash, 5-8 parts of broom cypress fruit, 6-10 parts of pine needle, 8-12 parts of triperygium wilfordii, 5-8 parts of stemona, 1-2 parts of sodium alginate, 0.5-1 part of potassium fulvate, 0.5-1 part of sodium dodecylsulfate, 1-2 parts of sodium carboxymethyl starch, 20-30 parts of 15wt% sodium chloride water solution and 30-50 parts of fine soil. The substrate is simple in proportioning and convenient to use, and has the advantages of favorable seedling raising effect, developed seedling root system, favorable water retention property and abundant nutrient components.

Description

Greenhouse gardening seedling medium
 
Technical field:
The present invention relates to agricultural technology field, specifically relate to a kind of greenhouse gardening seedling medium.
 
Background technology:
At present, use more raise seedling in greenhouse substrate material to have peat, rock wool, vermiculite, perlite, bagasse, mushroom slag, grit and haydite etc.Rock wool and peat are most widely used general in the whole world at present, are the comparatively ideal cultivation matrixes of generally acknowledging in the world.But along with using in a large number year by year, its negative effect of bringing to society and ecotope also becomes clear day by day, on the one hand due to rock wool non-degradable, a large amount of use brought secondary pollution to environment; On the other hand, peat is non-renewable resource, and excessive exploitation has the danger of exhaustion; Therefore, seek and the good Novel seedling raising matrix of excavating the pollution row materials such as inexpensive, the alternative rock wool of being easy to get has become one of current researcher study hotspot.At grow seedlings of vegetable, flower seedling raising, forest seedling nursing, seedling cultivation of rice etc., great successes have been obtained.
The raw material of base mateiral seedling medium, the peat composed of rotten mosses: adopt large-scale peat composed of rotten mosses ore deposit, northeast, this Raw Ore layer depth is thick, organic, content of humic acid is high, nontoxic aseptic without insect pest.
Vermiculite: vermiculite is the mica shape material that silicate material forms after heat.Its moisture in heat-processed loses rapidly, and expands, and the volume after expansion is equivalent to 8-20 times of original volume.Thereby make this material increase ventilating slit and water retention capacity.Vermiculite unit weight is 130-180 kilogram/cubic metre, is neutral to alkalescence (ph7-9).Every cubic metre of vermiculite can absorb the water that 500-650 rises.After steam disinfection, can discharge appropriate potassium, calcium, magnesium.Its Main Function of vermiculite is air permeability and the water-retentivity that increases soil (medium).Frangible because of it, along with the prolongation of duration of service, easily make medium fine and close and lose air permeability and water-retentivity, so thick vermiculite is longer than thin duration of service, and effective.
Perlite, perlite is a kind of acidic lava of volcanic eruption, through the cooling glassy rock forming sharply, because it has pearl fissured structure, gains the name.Some larger particles perlites are used in grow seedlings of vegetable gradually, as the native indispensable composition of growing seedlings, with ventilation property and the water-absorbent of the matrix that has additional nutrients.
Inside starting material due to seedling medium, there is most of peat composed of rotten mosses, so common seedling medium there will be situation about growing grass, the expert that but grows seedlings has found a lot of reasonable starting material, such as manioc waste, vinegar grain, Exocarpium cocois (Cocos nucifera L) etc., seedling medium has developed into very high Cheng Du, has added seedling medium the inside is of value to the microbial bacteria of plant-growth etc., has greatly improved seedling rate and the surviving rate of plant.
The most frequently used substrate formula of growing seedlings is: peat, perlite, vermiculite (by volume) 1:1:1.Or 7 parts of peat+3 part vermiculites.
Conventional substrate formula is made in rural area by oneself: the ratio of the chicken manure becoming thoroughly decomposed, the cow dung of becoming thoroughly decomposed, fine earth (by volume) 1:1:1.
No matter How to choose is to produce vegetables or flower plants and nursery stock, and seedling medium is all the key factor of producing high-quality product.The function of seedling medium should be similar to soil, and plant just can better conform like this, Fast Growth.When apolegamy seedling medium, should defer to following standard:
1, from ecotope angle, consider.Require seedling medium to be substantially free of germ alive, worm's ovum, do not contain or contain hazardous substance less as far as possible, in case it enters growth field after stain environment and food chain with seedling.
2, seedling medium should have the function similar to soil.From nutritional condition and growing environment aspect, matrix is more conducive to plant strain growth than soil.But it still needs to have other functions of soil, as be beneficial to root system winding (sticking together to rise) and good water-retentivity etc.。
3, seedling medium is to prepare organic and inorganic composite interstitial substance for well.When preparation seedling medium, should note, organic substrate and the scientific and reasonable assembly of inorganic matrix, regulating better ventilation, moisture and the nutritional status of seedling medium.
The present invention, according to above-mentioned standard, aims to provide a kind of proportioning simple, easy to use, and nursery effect is good, and seedlings root is flourishing, good water-retaining property, a kind of greenhouse gardening seedling medium that nutritive ingredient is abundant.
 
Summary of the invention:
In order to solve seedling medium in prior art, use on a large scale peat, and peat is the problem of impossible renewable resource, it is simple that the present invention inquires into a kind of proportioning, easy to use, nursery effect is good, and seedlings root is flourishing, good water-retaining property, a kind of greenhouse gardening seedling medium that nutritive ingredient is abundant.
For achieving the above object, the invention discloses a kind of greenhouse gardening seedling medium, wherein, comprise according to the following component of weight unit configuration:
Sawdust 5-10 part, cow dung 10-20 part, chicken manure 5-10 part, straw powder 3-5 part, corn ear crushed material 3-5 part, perlite 3-5 part, vermiculite 3-5 part, plant ash 5-8 part, Fruit of Belveder 5-8 part, pine needle 6-10 part, trypterygine 8-12 part, tuber of stemona 5-8 part, sodium alginate 1-2 part, potassium fulvate 0.5-1 part, sodium laurylsulfonate 0.5-1 part; Sodium starch glycolate 1-2 part, sodium chloride aqueous solution 20-30 part that mass percent is 15%, fine earth 30-50 part.
Or, comprise according to the following component of weight unit configuration:
Sawdust 5-8 part, cow dung 10-15 part, chicken manure 5-8 part, straw powder 3-4 part, corn ear crushed material 3-4 part, perlite 3-4 part, vermiculite 3-4 part, plant ash 5-7 part, Fruit of Belveder 5-7 part, pine needle 6-8 part, trypterygine 8-10 part, tuber of stemona 5-7 part, sodium alginate 1-1.5 part, potassium fulvate 0.5-0.8 part, sodium laurylsulfonate 0.5-0.8 part; Sodium starch glycolate 1-1.5 part, sodium chloride aqueous solution 20-25 part that mass percent is 15%, fine earth 30-40 part.
Or, comprise according to the following component of weight unit configuration:
Sawdust 8-10 part, cow dung 15-20 part, chicken manure 8-10 part, straw powder 4-5 part, corn ear crushed material 4-5 part, perlite 4-5 part, vermiculite 4-5 part, plant ash 6-8 part, Fruit of Belveder 6-8 part, pine needle 8-10 part, trypterygine 10-12 part, tuber of stemona 6-8 part, sodium alginate 1.5-2 part, potassium fulvate 0.8-1 part, sodium laurylsulfonate 0.8-1 part; Sodium starch glycolate 1.5-2 part, sodium chloride aqueous solution 25-30 part that mass percent is 15%, fine earth 40-50 part.
 
Object to better implement the present invention, the present invention discloses again the preparation method of greenhouse gardening with seedling medium, wherein, comprises the steps:
A, fermentation raw material: sawdust, cow dung, chicken manure, straw powder, after corn ear crushed material, fine earth stir, control water content is 55-60%, adds short rotten agent, short rotten agent is the short rotten agent of RW that Hebi City Ren Yuan bio-fertilizer Technology R & D Center sells; Fermentation raw material heats up rapidly, quick fermentation, eliminates stench, accelerates to become thoroughly decomposed, and kills harmful pathogenic bacteria, parasitic ovum, weed seed in fermented product, obtains fermentation raw material;
B, Chinese medicine extract: by the bulk drug Fruit of Belveder, pine needle, trypterygine, the tuber of stemona cleans up and shreds, and soaks after 2-4 hour with clear water simultaneously, decocts, and after heating decocts, extracts a not good liquor; Add again water and continue to decoct, extract two not good liquors; Add again water and continue to decoct, extract three not good liquors; By a not good liquor, two not good liquors, three not good liquors merge together, heat and concentrate, and obtain inspissated juice; In inspissated juice, adding mass percent concentration is 95% ethanol, and the amount adding is 10% of inspissated juice weight, with precipitation water-soluble impurity, inspissated juice is uniformly dissolved, filter, use plate-and-frame filter press, millipore filter to filter, obtain filtrate, filtrate is heated, according to the different principle of boiling point, filtering ethanol from filtrate, recentrifuge filters, and obtains traditional Chinese medicine liquid after ultraviolet sterilization
C, get plant ash, be added to the water, the consumption of water be plant ash quality 3-5 doubly, stir, after precipitation, take out the upper strata stillness of night, refilter and remove residue, after sterilizing, obtain plant ash vat liquor;
D, sodium alginate, potassium fulvate, sodium laurylsulfonate; Sodium starch glycolate, joins mass percent and is in 15% sodium chloride aqueous solution, after stirring, perlite is immersed in this aqueous solution, soaks and takes out after 3-5 days, and perlitic size is 100-120 order,
E, vermiculite is immersed in traditional Chinese medicine liquid, soaks and take out after 3-5 days, the size of vermiculite is 120-150 order;
F, steps A gained fermentation material and step D are soaked after the perlite of gained soak the vermiculite of gained afterwards with step e and carry out proportioning according to 8:1:1, then mix and blend, in whipping process, spray the plant ash vat liquor of step C gained, sprinkling amount is fermentation material, the perlite that soaks rear gained, the 1-3% of the total mass of the vermiculite of gained after soaking.
Fine earth is gathered materials on the spot, get ground surface soil sieve after gained.
Corn ear crushed material is gained after directly pulverizing with the corn ear of corn.
The high-tech product of the common development of Rw Cu Fujishi China Agricultural University and Hebi City Ren Yuan bio-fertilizer Technology R & D Center.By can strongly decomposing 11 kinds of bacterial strains such as bacterium, thread fungus, yeast of fowl poultry kind ight soil and relevant enzymes is composite forms, aerobic fermentation, decomposing protein, robust fibre are very competent, can reach the effect of intensification, deodorizing, elimination disease and pest, weed seed and enrichment nutrient simultaneously.The key technical indexes (QB/T003-2005) living bacteria count (cfu)/(* 108/g (ml)) >=50.0 cellulase activities (u/g (ml)) >=30.0 protease activities (u/g (ml)) >=15.0 diastatic activities (u/g (ml)) >=10.0 miscellaneous bacteria rate (%)≤5.0 moisture (%)≤20.0 pH value 6.0-8.0 particle size diameter (mm)≤2.0
Proportioning of the present invention is simple, easy to use, and nursery effect is good, and seedlings root is flourishing, good water-retaining property, and nutritive ingredient is abundant, is specially:
Sawdust, cow dung, chicken manure, straw powder, the belt body peat composed of rotten mosses after corn ear crushed material, fine earth become thoroughly decomposed, the fermentation material after becoming thoroughly decomposed, organic content surpasses 55%.Use traditional Chinese medicine liquid to soak vermiculite, traditional Chinese medicine liquid has sterilization anthelmintic action, after it is absorbed by vermiculite, has slow releasing function, 20-30 days between slow-release period.Sodium alginate, potassium fulvate, sodium laurylsulfonate; Gained mixed liquid dipping perlite after the sodium chloride aqueous solution that sodium starch glycolate is 15% with mass percent mixes, these medicines have short rooting effect, and strong seedling grows root system, for transplanting, carries out basis.In plant ash, contain salt of wormwood, can be buffered in the organic acid producing in metabolism, mould is faced upward to make and use; Contained free potassium ion can promote the running of carbohydrate, can reduce the Transpiration Intensity of blade, strengthens the ability of drought resisting high temperature resistance, there is germicidal action, the condition of breeding of germ in spoiled soil, suppresses germ movable, strengthens crop disease-resistant and ability resistant to lodging.Plant ash potassium element makes the content of cellulose in stem of plant increase as object internal energy, cell walls thickens, and impels straw stiffness to increase, and has strengthened the ability that crop is resistant to lodging, Resistant is encroached on.Can be used for preventing and treating the effect of the insects such as onion fly, root maggot, aphid, chafer, red spider.Can avoid the generation that repeats of miscellaneous bacteria; The software insect pests such as fly, onion fly, maggot, bacterium maggot, mushroom mite of can committing genocide.Effectively prevent and treat the aphid on fruit tree, farm crop, and can augment potash fertilizer, strengthen the lodging tolerance of crop.The kill capability of raising to insects such as aphid, red spiders.Plant ash vat liquor is water-soluble potassium, easily by crop root, absorbed, also contain the trace elements such as abundant nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium, magnesium, zinc, molybdenum, manganese, can reduce rapidly soil moisture content, reduce humidity, control pathogen transmission, the sickness rate that reduces mildew, lays eggs adult nowhere, plays the effect of deinsectization, effectively potassium sweetening of the soil is acid, strengthens the resistant to lodging and insect protected sterilization multi-function action of crop disease-resistant.
 
Embodiment:
Example 1,
5 parts, sawdust, 10 parts of cow dungs, 5 parts of chicken manures, 3 parts of straw powder, 3 parts of corn ear crushed materials, 3 parts of perlites, 3 parts of vermiculites, 5 parts of plant ash, 5 parts of the Fruit of Belveder, 6 parts, pine needle, 8 parts of trypterygines, 5 parts of the tubers of stemona, 1 part of sodium alginate, 0.5 part of potassium fulvate, 0.5 part of sodium laurylsulfonate; 1 part of sodium starch glycolate, 20 parts of the sodium chloride aqueous solutions that mass percent is 15%, 30 parts of fine earths.
A, fermentation raw material: sawdust, cow dung, chicken manure, straw powder, after corn ear crushed material, fine earth stir, control water content is 55-60%, adds short rotten agent, short rotten agent is the short rotten agent of RW that Hebi City Ren Yuan bio-fertilizer Technology R & D Center sells; Fermentation raw material heats up rapidly, quick fermentation, eliminates stench, accelerates to become thoroughly decomposed, and kills harmful pathogenic bacteria, parasitic ovum, weed seed in fermented product, obtains fermentation raw material;
B, Chinese medicine extract: by the bulk drug Fruit of Belveder, pine needle, trypterygine, the tuber of stemona cleans up and shreds, and soaks after 3 hours with clear water simultaneously, decocts, and after heating decocts, extracts a not good liquor; Add again water and continue to decoct, extract two not good liquors; Add again water and continue to decoct, extract three not good liquors; By a not good liquor, two not good liquors, three not good liquors merge together, heat and concentrate, and obtain inspissated juice; In inspissated juice, adding mass percent concentration is 95% ethanol, and the amount adding is 10% of inspissated juice weight, with precipitation water-soluble impurity, inspissated juice is uniformly dissolved, filter, use plate-and-frame filter press, millipore filter to filter, obtain filtrate, filtrate is heated, according to the different principle of boiling point, filtering ethanol from filtrate, recentrifuge filters, and obtains traditional Chinese medicine liquid after ultraviolet sterilization
C, get plant ash, be added to the water, the consumption of water is 4 times of plant ash quality, stirs, and after precipitation, takes out the upper strata stillness of night, refilters and removes residue, obtains plant ash vat liquor after sterilizing;
D, sodium alginate, potassium fulvate, sodium laurylsulfonate; Sodium starch glycolate, joins mass percent and is in 15% sodium chloride aqueous solution, after stirring, perlite is immersed in this aqueous solution, soaks and takes out after 3-5 days, and perlitic size is 120 orders,
E, vermiculite is immersed in traditional Chinese medicine liquid, soaks and take out after 3-5 days, the size of vermiculite is 150 orders;
F, steps A gained fermentation material and step D are soaked after the perlite of gained soak the vermiculite of gained afterwards with step e and carry out proportioning according to 8:1:1, then mix and blend, in whipping process, spray the plant ash vat liquor of step C gained, sprinkling amount is fermentation material, soak after the perlite of gained, after soaking 2% of the total mass of the vermiculite of gained.
 
Example 2
10 parts, sawdust, 20 parts of cow dungs, 10 parts of chicken manures, 5 parts of straw powder, 5 parts of corn ear crushed materials, 5 parts of perlites, 5 parts of vermiculites, 8 parts of plant ash, 8 parts of the Fruit of Belveder, 10 parts, pine needle, 12 parts of trypterygines, 8 parts of the tubers of stemona, 2 parts of sodium alginates, 1 part of potassium fulvate, 1 part of sodium laurylsulfonate; 2 parts of sodium starch glycolatees, 30 parts of the sodium chloride aqueous solutions that mass percent is 15%, 50 parts of fine earths.
A, fermentation raw material: sawdust, cow dung, chicken manure, straw powder, after corn ear crushed material, fine earth stir, control water content is 55-60%, adds short rotten agent, short rotten agent is the short rotten agent of RW that Hebi City Ren Yuan bio-fertilizer Technology R & D Center sells; Fermentation raw material heats up rapidly, quick fermentation, eliminates stench, accelerates to become thoroughly decomposed, and kills harmful pathogenic bacteria, parasitic ovum, weed seed in fermented product, obtains fermentation raw material;
B, Chinese medicine extract: by the bulk drug Fruit of Belveder, pine needle, trypterygine, the tuber of stemona cleans up and shreds, and soaks after 2 hours with clear water simultaneously, decocts, and after heating decocts, extracts a not good liquor; Add again water and continue to decoct, extract two not good liquors; Add again water and continue to decoct, extract three not good liquors; By a not good liquor, two not good liquors, three not good liquors merge together, heat and concentrate, and obtain inspissated juice; In inspissated juice, adding mass percent concentration is 95% ethanol, and the amount adding is 10% of inspissated juice weight, with precipitation water-soluble impurity, inspissated juice is uniformly dissolved, filter, use plate-and-frame filter press, millipore filter to filter, obtain filtrate, filtrate is heated, according to the different principle of boiling point, filtering ethanol from filtrate, recentrifuge filters, and obtains traditional Chinese medicine liquid after ultraviolet sterilization
C, get plant ash, be added to the water, the consumption of water be plant ash quality 3-5 doubly, stir, after precipitation, take out the upper strata stillness of night, refilter and remove residue, after sterilizing, obtain plant ash vat liquor;
D, sodium alginate, potassium fulvate, sodium laurylsulfonate; Sodium starch glycolate, joins mass percent and is in 15% sodium chloride aqueous solution, after stirring, perlite is immersed in this aqueous solution, soaks and takes out after 3-5 days, and perlitic size is 100 orders,
E, vermiculite is immersed in traditional Chinese medicine liquid, soaks and take out after 3-5 days, the size of vermiculite is 120 orders;
F, steps A gained fermentation material and step D are soaked after the perlite of gained soak the vermiculite of gained afterwards with step e and carry out proportioning according to 8:1:1, then mix and blend, in whipping process, spray the plant ash vat liquor of step C gained, sprinkling amount is fermentation material, soak after the perlite of gained, after soaking 3% of the total mass of the vermiculite of gained.
 
Example 3
8 parts, sawdust, 15 parts of cow dungs, 8 parts of chicken manures, 4 parts of straw powder, 4 parts of corn ear crushed materials, 4 parts of perlites, 4 parts of vermiculites, 6 parts of plant ash, 6 parts of the Fruit of Belveder, 8 parts, pine needle, 10 parts of trypterygines, 6 parts of the tubers of stemona, 1.5 parts of sodium alginates, 0.8 part of potassium fulvate, 0.8 part of sodium laurylsulfonate; 1.5 parts of sodium starch glycolatees, 25 parts of the sodium chloride aqueous solutions that mass percent is 15%, 40 parts of fine earths.
A, fermentation raw material: sawdust, cow dung, chicken manure, straw powder, after corn ear crushed material, fine earth stir, control water content is 55-60%, adds short rotten agent, short rotten agent is the short rotten agent of RW that Hebi City Ren Yuan bio-fertilizer Technology R & D Center sells; Fermentation raw material heats up rapidly, quick fermentation, eliminates stench, accelerates to become thoroughly decomposed, and kills harmful pathogenic bacteria, parasitic ovum, weed seed in fermented product, obtains fermentation raw material;
B, Chinese medicine extract: by the bulk drug Fruit of Belveder, pine needle, trypterygine, the tuber of stemona cleans up and shreds, and soaks after 4 hours with clear water simultaneously, decocts, and after heating decocts, extracts a not good liquor; Add again water and continue to decoct, extract two not good liquors; Add again water and continue to decoct, extract three not good liquors; By a not good liquor, two not good liquors, three not good liquors merge together, heat and concentrate, and obtain inspissated juice; In inspissated juice, adding mass percent concentration is 95% ethanol, and the amount adding is 10% of inspissated juice weight, with precipitation water-soluble impurity, inspissated juice is uniformly dissolved, filter, use plate-and-frame filter press, millipore filter to filter, obtain filtrate, filtrate is heated, according to the different principle of boiling point, filtering ethanol from filtrate, recentrifuge filters, and obtains traditional Chinese medicine liquid after ultraviolet sterilization
C, get plant ash, be added to the water, the consumption of water be plant ash quality 3-5 doubly, stir, after precipitation, take out the upper strata stillness of night, refilter and remove residue, after sterilizing, obtain plant ash vat liquor;
D, sodium alginate, potassium fulvate, sodium laurylsulfonate; Sodium starch glycolate, joins mass percent and is in 15% sodium chloride aqueous solution, after stirring, perlite is immersed in this aqueous solution, soaks and takes out afterwards for 5 days, and perlitic size is 100 orders,
E, vermiculite is immersed in traditional Chinese medicine liquid, soaks and take out afterwards for 5 days, the size of vermiculite is 120 orders;
F, steps A gained fermentation material and step D are soaked after the perlite of gained soak the vermiculite of gained afterwards with step e and carry out proportioning according to 8:1:1, then mix and blend, in whipping process, spray the plant ash vat liquor of step C gained, sprinkling amount is fermentation material, soak after the perlite of gained, after soaking 1.5% of the total mass of the vermiculite of gained.
 
Use: embodiment 1 cultivates cucumber seedling, embodiment 2 cultivates Hot Pepper Seedling, and embodiment tri-cultivates eggplant seedling, in booth, with seedling pan, cultivates after 7 days, and with the turfy soil matrix in background technology, traditional farmers' fertilizer ground substance contrasts, and effect is as follows:
Above-described embodiment 1-3, detects data with prior art, the group of not using matrix to root system and compares, and comparison sheet is as follows:
Above-described embodiment 1-3, with prior art, do not use the group enantiopathy ability of matrix to detect data to compare:
Proportioning of the present invention is simple, easy to use, and nursery effect is good, and seedlings root is flourishing, good water-retaining property, and nutritive ingredient is abundant, is specially:
Sawdust, cow dung, chicken manure, straw powder, the belt body peat composed of rotten mosses after corn ear crushed material, fine earth become thoroughly decomposed, the fermentation material after becoming thoroughly decomposed, organic content surpasses 55%.Use traditional Chinese medicine liquid to soak vermiculite, traditional Chinese medicine liquid has sterilization anthelmintic action, after it is absorbed by vermiculite, has slow releasing function, 20-30 days between slow-release period.Sodium alginate, potassium fulvate, sodium laurylsulfonate; Gained mixed liquid dipping perlite after the sodium chloride aqueous solution that sodium starch glycolate is 15% with mass percent mixes, these medicines have short rooting effect, and strong seedling grows root system, for transplanting, carries out basis.

Claims (4)

1. a greenhouse gardening seedling medium, is characterized in that, comprises according to the following component of weight unit configuration:
Sawdust 5-10 part, cow dung 10-20 part, chicken manure 5-10 part, straw powder 3-5 part, corn ear crushed material 3-5 part, perlite 3-5 part, vermiculite 3-5 part, plant ash 5-8 part, Fruit of Belveder 5-8 part, pine needle 6-10 part, trypterygine 8-12 part, tuber of stemona 5-8 part, sodium alginate 1-2 part, potassium fulvate 0.5-1 part, sodium laurylsulfonate 0.5-1 part; Sodium starch glycolate 1-2 part, sodium chloride aqueous solution 20-30 part that mass percent is 15%, fine earth 30-50 part.
2. greenhouse gardening seedling medium according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises according to the following component of weight unit configuration:
Sawdust 5-8 part, cow dung 10-15 part, chicken manure 5-8 part, straw powder 3-4 part, corn ear crushed material 3-4 part, perlite 3-4 part, vermiculite 3-4 part, plant ash 5-7 part, Fruit of Belveder 5-7 part, pine needle 6-8 part, trypterygine 8-10 part, tuber of stemona 5-7 part, sodium alginate 1-1.5 part, potassium fulvate 0.5-0.8 part, sodium laurylsulfonate 0.5-0.8 part; Sodium starch glycolate 1-1.5 part, sodium chloride aqueous solution 20-25 part that mass percent is 15%, fine earth 30-40 part.
3. greenhouse gardening seedling medium according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises according to the following component of weight unit configuration:
Sawdust 8-10 part, cow dung 15-20 part, chicken manure 8-10 part, straw powder 4-5 part, corn ear crushed material 4-5 part, perlite 4-5 part, vermiculite 4-5 part, plant ash 6-8 part, Fruit of Belveder 6-8 part, pine needle 8-10 part, trypterygine 10-12 part, tuber of stemona 6-8 part, sodium alginate 1.5-2 part, potassium fulvate 0.8-1 part, sodium laurylsulfonate 0.8-1 part; Sodium starch glycolate 1.5-2 part, sodium chloride aqueous solution 25-30 part that mass percent is 15%, fine earth 40-50 part.
4. the preparation method with seedling medium according to the arbitrary described greenhouse gardening of claim 1-3, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
A, fermentation raw material: sawdust, cow dung, chicken manure, straw powder, after corn ear crushed material, fine earth stir, control water content is 55-60%, adds short rotten agent, short rotten agent is the short rotten agent of RW that Hebi City Ren Yuan bio-fertilizer Technology R & D Center sells; Fermentation raw material heats up rapidly, quick fermentation, eliminates stench, accelerates to become thoroughly decomposed, and kills harmful pathogenic bacteria, parasitic ovum, weed seed in fermented product, obtains fermentation raw material;
B, Chinese medicine extract: by the bulk drug Fruit of Belveder, pine needle, trypterygine, the tuber of stemona cleans up and shreds, and soaks after 2-4 hour with clear water simultaneously, decocts, and after heating decocts, extracts a not good liquor; Add again water and continue to decoct, extract two not good liquors; Add again water and continue to decoct, extract three not good liquors; By a not good liquor, two not good liquors, three not good liquors merge together, heat and concentrate, and obtain inspissated juice; In inspissated juice, adding mass percent concentration is 95% ethanol, and the amount adding is 10% of inspissated juice weight, with precipitation water-soluble impurity, inspissated juice is uniformly dissolved, filter, use plate-and-frame filter press, millipore filter to filter, obtain filtrate, filtrate is heated, according to the different principle of boiling point, filtering ethanol from filtrate, recentrifuge filters, and obtains traditional Chinese medicine liquid after ultraviolet sterilization
C, get plant ash, be added to the water, the consumption of water be plant ash quality 3-5 doubly, stir, after precipitation, take out the upper strata stillness of night, refilter and remove residue, after sterilizing, obtain plant ash vat liquor;
D, sodium alginate, potassium fulvate, sodium laurylsulfonate; Sodium starch glycolate, joins mass percent and is in 15% sodium chloride aqueous solution, after stirring, perlite is immersed in this aqueous solution, soaks and takes out after 3-5 days, and perlitic size is 100-120 order,
E, vermiculite is immersed in traditional Chinese medicine liquid, soaks and take out after 3-5 days, the size of vermiculite is 120-150 order;
F, steps A gained fermentation material and step D are soaked after the perlite of gained soak the vermiculite of gained afterwards with step e and carry out proportioning according to 8:1:1, then mix and blend, in whipping process, spray the plant ash vat liquor of step C gained, sprinkling amount is fermentation material, the perlite that soaks rear gained, the 1-3% of the total mass of the vermiculite of gained after soaking.
CN201310600568.2A 2013-11-25 2013-11-25 Seedling raising substrate for greenhouse planting Pending CN103613459A (en)

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Cited By (22)

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CN103918447A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-16 贵州省亚热带作物研究所 Coix lacryma-jobi float breeding method and breeding nutrient solution used in method
CN104365406A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-02-25 广州甘蔗糖业研究所湛江甘蔗研究中心 Simple and efficient cultivation method convenient to implement for sugarcane seed seedlings
CN104402579A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-03-11 马心刚 Nutritional cultivation matrix for household potted plants
CN104710237A (en) * 2015-02-14 2015-06-17 李德新 Corn culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN104961575A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-07 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Nutrition additive capable of improving mineral nutrition state at seedling raising stage and preparation method thereof
CN105037004A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for Chinese herbaceous peony and preparation method of culture soil
CN105037008A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Compost for saxifraga paniculata and preparation method thereof
CN105130603A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-09 孙群 Backfill soil for cherry tomato fixed planting
CN105175077A (en) * 2015-10-09 2015-12-23 临沂大学 Fruit cucumber culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105493942A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-04-20 广德县先雨农业有限公司 Nutrient soil for Adinandra milletii seedling culture
CN105706781A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-29 柳培健 Special composite soil for planting clivia miniata
CN105706780A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-29 柳培健 Dedicated soil for planting okra
CN105794531A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-27 柳培健 Kaffir lily planting nutrient soil
CN106034584A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-26 芜湖欧标农业发展有限公司 Cuttage seedling propagation method for Erythrina cristagalli
CN106069110A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 The light pieris cuttage breeding method of forest
CN106106093A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Silver limit Radix Ophiopogonis cuttage breeding method
CN106106094A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Pohle happy pieris container seedling plantation substrate
CN106105680A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 A silver Ji's little wax cuttage breeding method
CN106171627A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-12-07 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Evergreen oriental cherry cuttage breeding method
CN107409989A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-12-01 武汉法雅园林集团有限公司 Oriental cherry cutting medium and preparation method thereof and the method using matrix cutting propagation
CN108464222A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-08-31 贵州安新农业发展有限公司 A kind of drift disk seedling medium
CN108812194A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-16 安徽省霍山县农伯乐开发有限公司 A kind of cultivation matrix promoting dendrobium nutrient value and yield

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CN102986513A (en) * 2012-10-21 2013-03-27 镇江培蕾基质科技发展有限公司 Soilless culture substrate for fruits and vegetables
CN103044140A (en) * 2012-12-30 2013-04-17 郭云征 Buffering harmless plant ash compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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CN101041604A (en) * 2007-03-01 2007-09-26 宁夏中青农业科技有限公司 Melon vegetable grow seedling ground substance
CN102584368A (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-07-18 扬州大学 Novel carnation seedling culturing substrate and preparation method thereof
CN102986513A (en) * 2012-10-21 2013-03-27 镇江培蕾基质科技发展有限公司 Soilless culture substrate for fruits and vegetables
CN103044140A (en) * 2012-12-30 2013-04-17 郭云征 Buffering harmless plant ash compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918447A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-16 贵州省亚热带作物研究所 Coix lacryma-jobi float breeding method and breeding nutrient solution used in method
CN103918447B (en) * 2014-04-16 2015-10-28 贵州省亚热带作物研究所 A kind of Job's tears floating seedlings culturing method and grow seedling nutritional liquid used thereof
CN104402579A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-03-11 马心刚 Nutritional cultivation matrix for household potted plants
CN104365406A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-02-25 广州甘蔗糖业研究所湛江甘蔗研究中心 Simple and efficient cultivation method convenient to implement for sugarcane seed seedlings
CN104710237A (en) * 2015-02-14 2015-06-17 李德新 Corn culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN104961575A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-07 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Nutrition additive capable of improving mineral nutrition state at seedling raising stage and preparation method thereof
CN105130603A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-09 孙群 Backfill soil for cherry tomato fixed planting
CN105037004A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for Chinese herbaceous peony and preparation method of culture soil
CN105037008A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Compost for saxifraga paniculata and preparation method thereof
CN105175077A (en) * 2015-10-09 2015-12-23 临沂大学 Fruit cucumber culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105493942A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-04-20 广德县先雨农业有限公司 Nutrient soil for Adinandra milletii seedling culture
CN105794531A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-27 柳培健 Kaffir lily planting nutrient soil
CN105706780A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-29 柳培健 Dedicated soil for planting okra
CN105706781A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-29 柳培健 Special composite soil for planting clivia miniata
CN106034584A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-26 芜湖欧标农业发展有限公司 Cuttage seedling propagation method for Erythrina cristagalli
CN106069110A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 The light pieris cuttage breeding method of forest
CN106106093A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Silver limit Radix Ophiopogonis cuttage breeding method
CN106106094A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Pohle happy pieris container seedling plantation substrate
CN106105680A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 A silver Ji's little wax cuttage breeding method
CN106171627A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-12-07 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Evergreen oriental cherry cuttage breeding method
CN107409989A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-12-01 武汉法雅园林集团有限公司 Oriental cherry cutting medium and preparation method thereof and the method using matrix cutting propagation
CN108464222A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-08-31 贵州安新农业发展有限公司 A kind of drift disk seedling medium
CN108812194A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-16 安徽省霍山县农伯乐开发有限公司 A kind of cultivation matrix promoting dendrobium nutrient value and yield

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Application publication date: 20140305