CN103588579A - Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special for watermelons and production method of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer - Google Patents

Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special for watermelons and production method of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103588579A
CN103588579A CN201310589201.5A CN201310589201A CN103588579A CN 103588579 A CN103588579 A CN 103588579A CN 201310589201 A CN201310589201 A CN 201310589201A CN 103588579 A CN103588579 A CN 103588579A
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China
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parts
fertilizer
organic
inorganic compound
micro
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CN201310589201.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵永斌
张茜
王娟娟
杨志坚
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宁夏共享集团有限责任公司
宁夏共享生物化工有限公司
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Priority to CN201310589201.5A priority Critical patent/CN103588579A/en
Publication of CN103588579A publication Critical patent/CN103588579A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an organic-inorganic compound fertilizer and a production method thereof, in particular to an organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special for watermelons. The organic-inorganic compound fertilizer is characterized by comprising the following raw materials in parts by mass: 40-60 parts of thoroughly-decomposed organic fertilizer, 20-25 parts of urea, 8-12 parts of triple superphosphate, 15-20 parts of potassium sulfate, 1-3 parts of micro element fertilizer, and 8-10 parts of an adhesive. The production method comprises the following steps: the thoroughly-decomposed organic fertilizer is prepared firstly; then, the urea, the triple superphosphate, the potassium sulfate and the micro element fertilizer are evenly mixed and smashed; the fermented thoroughly-decomposed organic fertilizer and the adhesive are thoroughly mixed with the smashed materials, are granulated through a disc, and are dried and screened to obtain the product. The production method is unique; the organic-inorganic compound fertilizer is rich in nutrients, can guarantee excellent quality and high yield of the watermelons, improves soil, prevents diseases, resists continuous cropping, and improves planting benefits.

Description

A kind of watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer and production method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer and production method thereof, especially relate to a kind of watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer and production method thereof.

Background technology

Watermelon is the main melon and fruit of China, and it grows larger to the absorbed dose of mineral element, and therefore, rate of fertilizer application and the yield of watermelon have close relationship.In recent years, along with the development of producing, the competition in domestic and international watermelon market, human consumer improves gradually to the requirement of quality of watermelon, but melon grower's fertilising is main mainly with chemical fertilizer, although improved to a certain extent the yield of watermelon, also caused the problem of quality of watermelon decline, Soil degradation, environmental pollution simultaneously.

Up to the present, also do not have a kind of can be for farm crop provide comprehensive material nutrient, and fertilizer efficiency is balanced lasting, can increase and upgrade the soil organism, improves Soil structure, raising utilization rate of fertilizer improves the machine-inorganic composite mixed fertilizer of the watermelon special use of product quality.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is to overcome the defect of prior art, provide that a kind of method is unique, nutrient is sufficient, guarantee good quality and high output, improvement soil, the anti-continuous cropping of diseases prevention, improve a kind of watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer and the production method thereof of planting benefit.

The present invention realizes in the following way:

A special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, is characterized in that: it comprises the raw material of following mass fraction: 40~60 parts of decomposed manures, 20~25 parts, urea, 8~12 parts of double superhosphate, 15~20 parts of vitriolate of tartar, micro-fertile 1~3 part, 8~10 parts of binding agents;

The production method of described a kind of watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, is characterized in that: the method comprises the steps:

The preparation of a, decomposed manure: according to the mass fraction, by 40~60 parts of the described furfural dregs of pulverizing, 20~35 parts of dregs of beans, 15~25 parts of feces of livestock and poultry, 1~2 part of EM microbial inoculum mixes, and regulates moisture to 55%~60%, piles to fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation, when rising to more than 55 ℃, heap temperature starts turning, every turning in 7 days once, turning for the third time, after 3~5 days, is shifted out fermenter by material later, airing makes moisture content to 25%~30%, standby;

B, according to the mass fraction, first gets described in urea 20~25 parts, 8~12 parts of double superhosphate, 10~15 parts of vitriolate of tartar, micro-fertile 1~3 part mixes, and is crushed to 50 orders, then gets 40~50 parts of the above-mentioned fermentation maturity fertilizers of 40 mesh sieves, 200 5~10 parts of object binding agents, fully mix with comminuting matter, with disc granulation, dry, screening, makes product;

Described feces of livestock and poultry be a kind of or arbitrary proportion in chicken, pig, ox and sheep ight soil mix multiple; Described micro-fertilizer is made for 2:1 mixes with borax in mass ratio by zinc sulfate; Described binding agent is wilkinite or attapulgite.

The present invention has following effect:

1) method is unique: its raw material of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer provided by the invention is decomposed manure, urea, double superhosphate, vitriolate of tartar, micro-fertilizer and binding agent, its making method is for first preparing decomposed manure, then according to the mass fraction, first get described in urea 20~25 parts, 8~12 parts of double superhosphate, 10~15 parts of vitriolate of tartar, micro-fertile 1~3 part mixes, be crushed to 50 orders, got again 40~50 parts of the above-mentioned fermentation maturity fertilizers of 40 mesh sieves, 200 5~10 parts of object binding agents, fully mix with comminuting matter, with disc granulation, dry, screening, make product, be a kind of new-type fertilizer that fertilizer and inorganic nutritive element are composited, be rich in a large amount of benefit materials, comprise the nutritive elements such as multiple organic acid, peptide class and nitrogen, phosphorus potassium, fertilizer.Can not only be for farm crop provide comprehensive material nutrient, and fertilizer efficiency is balanced lasting, can increase and upgrade the soil organism, improves Soil structure, and raising utilization rate of fertilizer, improves product quality.Meanwhile, can alleviate the harm that agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer, hormonal fertilizer cause ecotope; The present invention utilizes furfural dregs, dregs of beans, feces of livestock and poultry to carry out aerobic fermentation processing, add again inorganic fertilizer to produce the special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer that nutrient contg and watermelon nutrient demand match, there is feature balanced in nutrition, fertilizer efficiency is lasting, can significantly improve the yield of watermelon, improve quality of watermelon, and can also culture fertility.

2) nutrient abundance, assurance good quality and high output: the present invention can provide balanced azophoska and appropriate middle trace element assurance high yield, stable yields for watermelon; Can supply several physiological active substances again, stimulate it to grow and body physiological metabolism, promote sugar accumulation, improve quality of watermelon.

3) improvement soil, the anti-continuous cropping of diseases prevention: improve Soil structure, the loose soil that hardens, effectively strengthen the performance of its ventilation, logical oxygen, stationary state nutritive element in activating soil, promote watermelon well developed root system, robust plant, prevent the generation of nutritional deficiency disease, blossom-end rot, soil-borne disease is had to obvious restraining effect, anti-continuous cropping.

4) scientific formulation, raising planting benefit: the present invention is according to the principle of balance fertilizing " law of cask ", formulating of recipe is scientific and reasonable, have the feature of fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer concurrently, can effectively regulate the contradiction between yield and quality in watermelon production process, reduce melon grower and select a fertile difficult problem, improve growth of watermelon benefit, for melon grower increases income and economizes on spending, open up new space.

5) watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer provided by the invention is according to the trophic level of the nutrient uptake feature of watermelon and soil, the fertilizer that aims at growth of watermelon and develop, solved to a certain extent watermelon produce in heavy dressing fertilizer output not high, heavy dressing chemical fertilizer quality declines, and fertilizer, chemical fertilizer compounding application has been increased again to the problems such as peasant's labour intensity and recruitment cost.The suitable base manure of doing of fertilizer special for watermelon, also can topdress, and topdresses to spread manuer in holes or ditch spread is good, and rate of fertilizer application is according to soil fertility difference and difference, and general every mu of consumption is 60-80 kilogram and is advisable.

Embodiment

Embodiment mono-: a kind of production method of watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, the method comprises the steps:

The preparation of a, decomposed manure: by 40 parts of the furfural dregs of pulverizing, 35 parts of dregs of beans, 24 parts of feces of livestock and poultry, 1 part of EM microbial inoculum mixes, and regulates moisture to 55%, piles to fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation.When rising to more than 55 ℃, heap temperature starts turning, once every turning in 7 days later.After turning for the third time 3 days, material is shifted out to fermenter, airing makes moisture content to 25%, standby;

B, press mass fraction, first get 25 parts, urea, 12 parts of double superhosphate, 15 parts of vitriolate of tartar, micro-fertile 3 parts mix, are crushed to 50 orders.40 parts of fermentation maturity fertilizers getting again 40 mesh sieves, 200 5 parts of object wilkinites, fully mix with comminuting matter, with disc granulation, dry, and screening, makes product.

Embodiment bis-: a kind of production method of watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, the method comprises the steps:

The preparation of a, decomposed manure: by 60 parts of the furfural dregs of pulverizing, 22 parts of dregs of beans, 16 parts of feces of livestock and poultry be raw material, and 2 parts of EM microbial inoculums mix, and adjusting moisture to 60%, piles to fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation.When rising to more than 55 ℃, heap temperature starts turning, once every turning in 7 days later.After turning for the third time 5 days, material is shifted out to fermenter, airing makes moisture content to 30%, standby;

B, press mass fraction, first get 20 parts, urea, 10 parts of double superhosphate, 10 parts of vitriolate of tartar, micro-fertile 1 part mixes, is crushed to 50 orders.49 parts of fermentation maturity fertilizers getting again 40 mesh sieves, 200 10 parts of object attapulgites, fully mix with comminuting matter, with disc granulation, dry, and screening, makes product.

Embodiment tri-: a kind of production method of watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, the method comprises the steps:

The preparation of a, decomposed manure: according to the mass fraction, by 50 parts of the furfural dregs of pulverizing, 28 parts of dregs of beans, 20 parts of feces of livestock and poultry be raw material, and 2 parts of EM microbial inoculums mix, and adjusting moisture to 57%, piles to fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation.When rising to more than 55 ℃, heap temperature starts turning, once every turning in 7 days later.After turning for the third time 4 days, material is shifted out to fermenter, airing makes moisture content to 28%, standby;

B, press mass fraction, first get 22 parts, urea, 8 parts of double superhosphate, 14 parts of vitriolate of tartar, micro-fertile 2 parts mix, are crushed to 50 orders.46 parts of fermentation maturity fertilizers getting again 40 mesh sieves, 200 8 parts of order wilkinites, fully mix with comminuting matter, with disc granulation, dry, and screening, makes product.

Above-mentioned feces of livestock and poultry be a kind of or arbitrary proportion in chicken, pig, ox and sheep ight soil mix multiple; Described micro-fertilizer is made for 2:1 mixes with borax in mass ratio by zinc sulfate; Described binding agent is wilkinite or attapulgite.

Claims (3)

1. a watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, is characterized in that: it comprises the raw material of following mass fraction: 40~60 parts of decomposed manures, 20~25 parts, urea, 8~12 parts of double superhosphate, 15~20 parts of vitriolate of tartar, micro-fertile 1~3 part, 8~10 parts of binding agents.
2. the production method of a kind of watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the method comprises the steps:
The preparation of a, decomposed manure: according to the mass fraction, by 40~60 parts of the described furfural dregs of pulverizing, 20~35 parts of dregs of beans, 15~25 parts of feces of livestock and poultry, 1~2 part of EM microbial inoculum mixes, and regulates moisture to 55%~60%, piles to fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation, when rising to more than 55 ℃, heap temperature starts turning, every turning in 7 days once, turning for the third time, after 3~5 days, is shifted out fermenter by material later, airing makes moisture content to 25%~30%, standby;
B, according to the mass fraction, first gets described in urea 20~25 parts, 8~12 parts of double superhosphate, 10~15 parts of vitriolate of tartar, micro-fertile 1~3 part mixes, and is crushed to 50 orders, then gets 40~50 parts of the above-mentioned fermentation maturity fertilizers of 40 mesh sieves, 200 5~10 parts of object binding agents, fully mix with comminuting matter, with disc granulation, dry, screening, makes product.
3. a kind of watermelon special organic-inorganic Chemical Mixed Fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described feces of livestock and poultry be a kind of or arbitrary proportion in chicken, pig, ox and sheep ight soil mix multiple; Described micro-fertilizer is made for 2:1 mixes with borax in mass ratio by zinc sulfate; Described binding agent is wilkinite or attapulgite.
CN201310589201.5A 2013-11-22 2013-11-22 Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special for watermelons and production method of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer CN103588579A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103880535A (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-06-25 宁夏共享集团有限责任公司 Preparation method of slow-release compound fertilizer
CN103880501A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-06-25 张超 EM fungicide fermented composite fertilizer for planting watermelon
CN104355725A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-18 颍上县中军农业科技开发有限公司 Special base fertilizer for planting watermelons
CN104355920A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-02-18 安徽省颍上鑫泰化工有限责任公司 Tomato planting fertilizer
CN104725084A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-24 安徽亚环生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of compound fertilizer based on animal dung
CN105000932A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-10-28 太仓市惠勤农场专业合作社 Bioactivity organic fertilizer
CN105009861A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-11-04 李春燕 Successive-cropping planting method of watermelons
CN105036844A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-11-11 重庆市益丰生物肥有限公司 Preparation method of specific watermelon fertilizer and product thereof
CN105130702A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-09 宁夏共享生物化工有限公司 Method used for preparing solid composite chelated water-soluble fertilizer containing humic acid from furfural residue
CN105198668A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-30 宁夏共享生物化工有限公司 Preparation method of special biochemical-humic-acid-containing bottom fertilizer for litchis
CN106348977A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-01-25 秦伟 High-yield pollution-free fertilizer for watermelon planting
CN106396789A (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-02-15 界首市春风家庭农场 Sheep manure organic fertilizer applied to watermelon plantation
CN106748202A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 刘志乐 A kind of fertilizer special for watermelon material and preparation method thereof
CN107509522A (en) * 2017-09-26 2017-12-26 界首市长征家庭农场 A kind of cultural method of high yield high-quality watermelon
CN108191555A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-06-22 合肥雪立歆农业科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of growth of watermelon fertilizer
CN110063112A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-07-30 金正生物化工有限公司 A kind of greenhouse watermelon continuous cropping plantation good quality and high output fertilizing method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102173905A (en) * 2011-01-21 2011-09-07 宁夏大学 Biological organic fertilizer special for watermelons in gravel-mulched field and manufacturing method and application method thereof
CN102432375A (en) * 2011-09-14 2012-05-02 上海博琛生物科技有限公司 Mineral organic fertilizer for watermelon and production method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102173905A (en) * 2011-01-21 2011-09-07 宁夏大学 Biological organic fertilizer special for watermelons in gravel-mulched field and manufacturing method and application method thereof
CN102432375A (en) * 2011-09-14 2012-05-02 上海博琛生物科技有限公司 Mineral organic fertilizer for watermelon and production method thereof

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103880501A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-06-25 张超 EM fungicide fermented composite fertilizer for planting watermelon
CN103880535B (en) * 2014-03-25 2016-08-17 宁夏共享集团有限责任公司 A kind of preparation method of spacetabs type Chemical Mixed Fertilizer
CN103880535A (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-06-25 宁夏共享集团有限责任公司 Preparation method of slow-release compound fertilizer
CN104355725A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-18 颍上县中军农业科技开发有限公司 Special base fertilizer for planting watermelons
CN104355920A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-02-18 安徽省颍上鑫泰化工有限责任公司 Tomato planting fertilizer
CN104725084A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-24 安徽亚环生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of compound fertilizer based on animal dung
CN105009861A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-11-04 李春燕 Successive-cropping planting method of watermelons
CN105036844A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-11-11 重庆市益丰生物肥有限公司 Preparation method of specific watermelon fertilizer and product thereof
CN105000932A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-10-28 太仓市惠勤农场专业合作社 Bioactivity organic fertilizer
CN105198668A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-30 宁夏共享生物化工有限公司 Preparation method of special biochemical-humic-acid-containing bottom fertilizer for litchis
CN105130702A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-09 宁夏共享生物化工有限公司 Method used for preparing solid composite chelated water-soluble fertilizer containing humic acid from furfural residue
CN106396789A (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-02-15 界首市春风家庭农场 Sheep manure organic fertilizer applied to watermelon plantation
CN106348977A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-01-25 秦伟 High-yield pollution-free fertilizer for watermelon planting
CN106748202A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 刘志乐 A kind of fertilizer special for watermelon material and preparation method thereof
CN107509522A (en) * 2017-09-26 2017-12-26 界首市长征家庭农场 A kind of cultural method of high yield high-quality watermelon
CN108191555A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-06-22 合肥雪立歆农业科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of growth of watermelon fertilizer
CN110063112A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-07-30 金正生物化工有限公司 A kind of greenhouse watermelon continuous cropping plantation good quality and high output fertilizing method

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Application publication date: 20140219