CN104591848A - Green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer - Google Patents

Green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104591848A
CN104591848A CN201310523629.XA CN201310523629A CN104591848A CN 104591848 A CN104591848 A CN 104591848A CN 201310523629 A CN201310523629 A CN 201310523629A CN 104591848 A CN104591848 A CN 104591848A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
phosphate
inorganic composite
inorganic
green organic
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310523629.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕世宁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yantai Nake Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Yantai Nake Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310523629.XA priority Critical patent/CN104591848A/en
Publication of CN104591848A publication Critical patent/CN104591848A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates

Abstract

The invention relates to a fertilizer, and concretely relates to a green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer. The green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer is characterized in that the fertilizer is composed of, calculated on dry substance weight, 55-65% of an organic fertilizer and 35-45% of an inorganic fertilizer; the organic fertilizer is composed of the following raw materials: dry pond sludge powder, a cake fertilizer, straw powder, livestock and poultry excrement, meerschaum powder and night soil; and the inorganic fertilizer mainly comprises a nitrogen fertilizer, a phosphorus fertilizer and a potassium fertilizer, and is a granular fertilizer prepared from the nitrogen fertilizer with the nitrogen content of 40%, the phosphorus fertilizer with the phosphorus content of 13.3% and the potassium fertilizer with the potassium content of 60% through a certain preparation technology. The organic-inorganic composite fertilizer contains a large amount of organic matter nutrients and inorganic nutrients, is beneficial for soil improvement and improvement of agricultural product quality and output, is a long-acting composite fertilizer, and is suitable for usage in various soil and plant species, thereby guaranteeing agricultural sustainable development of our country.

Description

A kind of green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of chemical fertilizer, be specifically related to a kind of green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer.
Background technology
Mostly the market practice that agricultural modernization is produced all over the world is at present to depend on a large amount of chemical fertilizer.Sterilant and weedicide, and proved every per mu yield that greatly can increase farm crop.But this effect is short-term, prove that these methods need every year or frequently repetitive administration agrochemical substances just can keep high producing country.
Result according to relevant department's research report shows, after the concentrated use chemical substance of 3 to five years, the natural fertility of soil significantly declines along with annual continuous administration chemical substance.The result of this decline result in the amount of application every year for keeping high yield must strengthen chemical fertilizer gradually, and the expense that so just result in increases and the whole declines accelerating soil, is finally in 50 to ten years, and Agricultural land is worth all to be exhausted totally.Some soil is obviously barren, becomes barren land.Even after the reclamation of wasteland, again can not grow crop.Cause the reason of this result to be many-sided, but major cause lacks the fertilizer using and increase natural soil fertility.Because the various elements being easy to absorb containing plant in fertilizer, mineral substance, organic matter and nutrition.Therefore the production of fertilizer just comes into one's own.
The stalk of farm crop and animal excrements are both containing the nutritive element such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium that a considerable amount of crop is required, there is again physico-chemical property and the Biological character of soil of improvement soil, increase soil fertility, increase the effects such as crop yield, so crop material and animal excrements are important organic fertilizer.
Compoiste fertilizer can supplement the soil organism, improvement Soil structure, increases fertility of land, accelerates soil dimension biological self reproducing, increases loosing soil, increase soil permeability, and water conservation, insulation, fertilizer conservation situation are improved.
Fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer with the use of, its effect of increasing production than single organic fertilizer or singly execute inorganic fertilizer to produce effect of increasing production good.Field test result of study proves fertilizer and nitrogenous fertilizer, fertilizer and nitrogen, phosphate fertilizer, and coordinating of three kinds of forms such as fertilizer and nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer, its effect of increasing production is all different.Do not execute based on any chemical fertilizer by single organic fertilizer, compare the fertilizer efficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium individual event chemical fertilizer.Such as kind value food crop 1 kilogram of nitrogen with the use of time, produce more food 9-17 kilogram, and singly execute nitrogen and only to produce more food 6-8 kilogram; 1 kilogram of phosphate fertilizer with the use of time, produce more food 4-7 kilogram; Singly execute phosphate fertilizer only to produce more food 3-6 kilogram; 1 kilogram of potash fertilizer produces more food when compounding application 4-6 kilogram, singly executes potassium element and only to produce more food 3-5 kilogram.Fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer compounding application are described, the utilization ratio of chemical fertilizer can be improved.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer, it is both containing suitable nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, trace element, there is again suitable carbon-nitrogen ratio, thus it has obviously effect in raising crop biomass, the increase readily available nutrient of soil, urease activity, microbial biomass.The present invention contains a large amount of organic nutrient substance and inorganic nutrients composition, is conducive to soil improvement, and improving quality and the output of agricultural-food, is a kind of long-acting composite fertilizer.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above is as follows: a kind of green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer, is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion: the phosphate fertilizer 15% that the nitrogenous fertilizer 10% that dry pond sludge powder 15-25%, cake fertilizer 6-8%, straw powder 8-10%, feces of livestock and poultry 14-16%, sepiolite powder 3-5%, human excrement 8-10%, nitrogen content are 40%, phosphorus content are 13.3%, potassium content are the potash fertilizer 12% of 60%.
In above-mentioned raw materials:
Pond sludge: the mud being exactly the pool, weir, belongs to mud excrement, is good humic fertilizer material.
Cake fertilizer: be rape cake fertilizer, sesame cake fertilizer or cottonseed cake fertilizer.
Straw powder: be wheat stalk powder, corn stalk powder, sesame straw powder, soybean stalks powder.
Feces of livestock and poultry: for pig, ox, sheep, chicken manure just.
Human urine: generally with school lavatory and public toilet for intelligence-collecting object, employing special-purpose vehicle is gathered, as long as liquid, fermentation plant fermentation and harmless treatment is sent to after adopting back, become thoroughly decomposed well, adopt Centrifugal concentrator to isolate the water of 10-30%, recycling high-pressure pump pumps to production plant and replaces water spray granulation.
Feces of livestock and poultry also needs fermentation and harmless treatment after adopting back, matrix material when sepiolite powder is granulation.
Nitrogen content is the nitrogenous fertilizer of 40%: be one or more be selected from urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium chloride, ammonium nitrate, carbon ammonium, monoammonium phosphate and/or di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate by nitrogenous fertilizer.
Phosphorus content is the phosphate fertilizer of 13.3%: be that one or more are selected from the phosphate fertilizer in monoammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, calcium superphosphate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, defluorinated phosphate, calcium metaphosphate, thomas phosphate, active phosphorus breeze, phosphorus ammonium.
Potassium content is the potash fertilizer of 60%: one or more are selected from the potash fertilizer of Repone K, potassium sulfate, saltpetre or potassium primary phosphate.
Green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer of the present invention is applied to various dissimilar soil, then can improve soil fertility and edatope significantly, the green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer of one of the present invention can be applied to farmland for many years, and do not have common nitrogen, deleterious consequence of those decay for a long time that phosphorus, potash fertilizer cause.A kind of green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer of the present invention grows up to overcome in world wide the shortcoming using common fertilizer to occur just in fact.
Embodiment
Be described principle of the present invention and feature below in conjunction with embodiment, example, only for explaining the present invention, is not intended to limit scope of the present invention.(to produce 1000 kilograms)
Embodiment 1
Each raw material is taken by following weight:
150 kilograms, the phosphate fertilizer that the nitrogenous fertilizer double centner that 160 kilograms, dry pond sludge powder, cake fertilizer double centner, straw powder double centner, feces of livestock and poultry 140 kilograms, sepiolite powder 40 kilograms, human excrement 90 kilograms, nitrogen content are 40%, phosphorus content are 13.3%, potassium content are 120 kilograms, the potash fertilizer of 60%.
First human excrement is sent into the digester of fermentation plant, the human excrement entering digester carries out research mesophilic digestion in digester.Digestion time is 10-15 days, and leavening temperature is 20-35 DEG C, then sends in Centrifugal concentrator, isolates the water of 10-30%.Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium mineral manure is added by above-mentioned proportioning in compound pond, again by four kinds of raw materials above except human excrement: pond sludge, cake fertilizer, stalk and feces of livestock and poultry are crushed to 180 orders after drying or drying, add sepiolite powder, enter stirrer to stir together with the mineral manure in compound pond, then by human excrement liquid for water spray.Send into the granulation of disc type nodulizer, then dry, sieve, finally detect packaging, become green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer finished product.If do not needed granulation, directly powdered fertilizer can be made finished product packing.
Embodiment 2
150 kilograms, the phosphate fertilizer that the nitrogenous fertilizer double centner that 200 kilograms, dry pond sludge powder, 80 kilograms, cake fertilizer, straw powder 80 kilograms, feces of livestock and poultry 160 kilograms, sepiolite powder 30 kilograms, human excrement 80 kilograms, nitrogen content are 40%, phosphorus content are 13.3%, potassium content are 120 kilograms, the potash fertilizer of 60%.
First human excrement is sent into the digester of fermentation plant, the human excrement entering digester carries out research mesophilic digestion in digester.Digestion time is 10-15 days, and leavening temperature is 20-35 DEG C, then sends in Centrifugal concentrator, isolates the water of 10-30%.Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium mineral manure is added by above-mentioned proportioning in compound pond, again by four kinds of raw materials above except human excrement: pond sludge, cake fertilizer, stalk and feces of livestock and poultry are crushed to 150 orders after drying or drying, add sepiolite powder, enter stirrer to stir together with the mineral manure in compound pond, then by human excrement liquid for water spray.Send into the granulation of disc type nodulizer, then dry, sieve, finally detect packaging, become green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer finished product.If do not needed granulation, directly powdered fertilizer can be made finished product packing.
Embodiment 3
150 kilograms, the phosphate fertilizer that the nitrogenous fertilizer double centner that 220 kilograms, dry pond sludge powder, cake fertilizer double centner, straw powder double centner, feces of livestock and poultry 180 kilograms, sepiolite powder 50 kilograms, human excrement double centner, nitrogen content are 40%, phosphorus content are 13.3%, potassium content are 120 kilograms, the potash fertilizer of 60%.
First human excrement is sent into the digester of fermentation plant, the human excrement entering digester carries out research mesophilic digestion in digester.Digestion time is 10-15 days, and leavening temperature is 20-35 DEG C, then sends in Centrifugal concentrator, isolates the water of 10-30%.Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium mineral manure is added by above-mentioned proportioning in compound pond, again by four kinds of raw materials above except human excrement: pond sludge, cake fertilizer, stalk and feces of livestock and poultry are crushed to 200 orders after drying or drying, add sepiolite powder, enter stirrer to stir together with the mineral manure in compound pond, then by human excrement liquid for water spray.Send into the granulation of disc type nodulizer, then dry, sieve, finally detect packaging, become green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer finished product.If do not needed granulation, directly powdered fertilizer can be made finished product packing.
This organic-inorganic compound fertilizer contains a large amount of organic nutrient substance and inorganic nutrients composition, be conducive to soil improvement, improving quality and the output of agricultural-food, is a kind of long-acting compound manure, be applicable to various soil and plant kind use, thus ensure China's agricultural sustainable development.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer, is characterized in that: described organic-inorganic composite fertilizer is made up of fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer.
2. wherein the proportioning of fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer is with dry matter weight gauge, and fertilizer accounts for 55-65%, and inorganic fertilizer accounts for 35-45%.
3. the green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fertilizer is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion: dry pond sludge powder 15-25%, cake fertilizer 6-8%, straw powder 8-10%, feces of livestock and poultry 14-16%, sepiolite powder 3-5%, human excrement 8-10%.
4. the green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described inorganic fertilizer is nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium three kinds of chemical fertilizer mainly, the potash fertilizer 12% that the phosphate fertilizer 15% that wherein nitrogen content is nitrogenous fertilizer 10%, the phosphorus content of 40% is 13.3%, potassium content are 60%.
5. the green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described nitrogen content be 40% nitrogenous fertilizer be one or more be selected from urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium chloride, ammonium nitrate, carbon ammonium, monoammonium phosphate and/or di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate by nitrogenous fertilizer.
6. the green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described phosphorus content be 13.3% phosphate fertilizer be that one or more are selected from the phosphate fertilizer in monoammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, calcium superphosphate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, defluorinated phosphate, calcium metaphosphate, thomas phosphate, active phosphorus breeze, phosphorus ammonium.
7. the green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described potassium content be 60% potash fertilizer be that one or more are selected from the potash fertilizer of Repone K, potassium sulfate, saltpetre or potassium primary phosphate.
8. the green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cake fertilizer is rape cake, sesame cake fertilizer or cottonseed cake fertilizer; Straw powder is wheat stalk powder, corn stalk powder, sesame straw powder or soybean stalks powder; Feces of livestock and poultry be pig, ox, sheep, chicken manure just.
9. the green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described straw powder granularity is 0.1-2 millimeter.
CN201310523629.XA 2013-10-30 2013-10-30 Green organic-inorganic composite fertilizer Pending CN104591848A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105000953A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-10-28 孙雨桢 Organic compound fertilizer suitable for clayed soil
CN105175189A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-23 太仓市天开林果专业合作社 Inorganic fertilizer easy to absorb
CN105237236A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-01-13 张志辉 Bio-organic fertilizer rich in various nutrient elements
CN106561255A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 大理清福农业开发有限公司 Green pepper cultivation method
CN107573158A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-12 芜湖新达园林绿化集团有限公司 A kind of high yield is sustained rose dedicated fertilizer
CN108083940A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-05-29 潍坊友容实业有限公司 For the green organic fertilizer of salt affected soil
CN108821861A (en) * 2018-07-07 2018-11-16 安徽爱能洁生物科技有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine organic composite fertilizer and its preparation process

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105000953A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-10-28 孙雨桢 Organic compound fertilizer suitable for clayed soil
CN105000953B (en) * 2015-06-05 2018-06-01 孙雨桢 A kind of organic composite fertilizer suitable for clayed soil
CN105175189A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-23 太仓市天开林果专业合作社 Inorganic fertilizer easy to absorb
CN105237236A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-01-13 张志辉 Bio-organic fertilizer rich in various nutrient elements
CN106561255A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 大理清福农业开发有限公司 Green pepper cultivation method
CN107573158A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-12 芜湖新达园林绿化集团有限公司 A kind of high yield is sustained rose dedicated fertilizer
CN108083940A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-05-29 潍坊友容实业有限公司 For the green organic fertilizer of salt affected soil
CN108821861A (en) * 2018-07-07 2018-11-16 安徽爱能洁生物科技有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine organic composite fertilizer and its preparation process

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Application publication date: 20150506