CN103563723B - Medium formula for garden ground cover plant seedling raising - Google Patents

Medium formula for garden ground cover plant seedling raising Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103563723B
CN103563723B CN201310475908.3A CN201310475908A CN103563723B CN 103563723 B CN103563723 B CN 103563723B CN 201310475908 A CN201310475908 A CN 201310475908A CN 103563723 B CN103563723 B CN 103563723B
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matrix
ground cover
cumulative volume
accounts
peat
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CN103563723A (en
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李寿仁
魏建芬
张雪
杨浩
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HANGZHOU LANDSCAPING Inc
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HANGZHOU LANDSCAPING Inc
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention discloses a medium formula for garden ground cover plant seedling raising. The formula comprises grain stillage, peat, vermiculite, perlite, rice hull ash and pine barks by a volume ratio of (8-10):(3-5):(2-3):(2-3):(1-2):(1-2). The medium formula disclosed by the invention has the advantages of small volumetric weight, high porosity, water conservation, air permeability, balanced nutrient and the like, and can be widely used for seedling raising of various ground cover plants; moreover, the soil can be improved and activated, the organic matter content of the soil is improved, the growing environment of the plants can be improved by using the formula in greening engineering, the normal growth after transplantation is guaranteed and the growth is vigorous.

Description

A kind of matrix of Cover Plant in the Park nursery
Technical field
The present invention relates to botanical seedling culturing technology, be specifically related to a kind of seedling medium of Cover Plant in the Park.
Background technology
Seedling medium is the basic substance of cave dish seeling industry, and good matrix physicochemical property is for plant provides the important leverage of good growing environment.Ground cover plant point disk seedling growing experience is for many years thought, the nursery effect of external import matrix is obviously better than domestic based on the traditional matrices of the northeast peat composed of rotten mosses, but import matrix is expensive, therefore high-quality, cheap seedling medium is selected, to reducing costs, improve Quality of Seedlings, realize ground cover plant seedling factorial praluction significant.
Import matrix mainly in moisture capacity and rapid available phosphorus, potassium content etc. apparently higher than domestic matrix, therefore mainly consider in domestic matrix, add the material of its moisture capacity of raising and appropriate fertilizer, improve moisture capacity, organic matter and available nutrient content, to improve nursery effect.The supply of wherein suitable nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium nutrition is the technical measures cultivating high-quality strong sprout.Normally used improvement base starting material has peat, garden mould, perlite, vermiculite, rotted leaf etc.; In addition, the macromolecular compound of some trade wastes, agricultural crop straw, excrement of animals, Prof. Du Yucang, useful mushroom are also used for processing and fabricating seedling medium, but some agriculture and industry waste material easily produces the disadvantageous harmful substance of crop, thus affects nursery effect.Therefore fully must understand the character composition of matrix before using, carry out scientific matching, excellent suitable seedling medium could be obtained.
Vinasse are brewing industry discarded object, have accumulated the hydrophobic substances such as the organic matters such as a large amount of protein, fat, mineral matter and silicon-containing compound in brewing fermentation process, unit weight is low, aeration porosity is large, cation exchange capacity is high, and fertilizer-preserving ability is strong, to soda acid and soluble-salt resiliency large, content of cellulose is high and very stable, is applicable to very much perennial plant to the demand of rhizospheric environment.Cereal starch degradation in brewing fermentation process, mineral constituents remains in vinasse, can meet plant whole vegetative period to the demand of mineral nutrition.But form a large amount of organic acid in organic matter fermentation process in vinasse, cause lower pH and higher EC value, and vinasse saturation moisture content is lower, therefore separately as seedling medium, but the physicochemical character that effectively can improve other raw material can not be used with other raw material mixture.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of ground cover plant seedling medium formula, by rational proportion vinasse, peat, vermiculite, perlite, rice chaff ash and loose squama, obtains the matrix being widely used in ground cover plant nursery.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize:
A matrix formulations for ground cover plant nursery, comprises vinasse, peat, vermiculite, perlite, rice chaff ash and loose squama, and each component volume ratio is 8 ~ 10:3 ~ 5:2 ~ 3:2 ~ 3:1 ~ 2:1 ~ 2.
Described vinasse are husk type, through fermentation reactor system process in 5 ~ 6 months, and unit weight 0.12 ~ 0.22g/cm 3, wet density 0.40 ~ 0.50g/cm 3, proportion 1.0 ~ 1.30g/cm 3, total porosity 75% ~ 85%, saturation moisture content 150% ~ 170%; Containing crude protein 20% ~ 30%, crude fat 2.0% ~ 3.0%, raw fiber 8.0% ~ 10.0%, nitrogen free extract 35% ~ 45%, coarse ash 3.0% ~ 5.0%.
Described peat is domestic northeast peat, accounts for 15% ~ 25% of described matrix cumulative volume.
Described rice chaff ash is the ash that local rice husk burns till, and slightly biased alkalescence, is rich in potash fertilizer, has good corrective action to the acidity of vinasse, accounts for 5% ~ 10% of described matrix cumulative volume.
This matrix formulations contains rich in protein, cellulose, pectin, starch, Cobastab 1, B 2, B 6, B 12, citric acid, tartaric acid etc.Nutrient balance and comprehensively, be rich in organic and needed for ground cover plant seedling growth the mineral nutrient such as N, P, K and Cu, Zn, B, Si, Ca, Mg, wherein N P and K accounts for total nutrient more than 2%, effective microbe viable count >=0.5 × 108/g, not containing poisonous and harmful substances such as heavy metals.PH5.5 ~ 7.0, EC value 0.6 ~ 1.0mS -1, Water absorption 6 ~ 8 times (in butt), porosity 50% ~ 80%, after fully watering, below stromal surface 3cm still can keep 50% ~ 60% moisture content in 15 days.
The advantages such as matrix formulations of the present invention can be widely used in the nursery of multiple ground cover plant, has preservation capacity of water and fertility good, and nutrient is balanced; Also activating soil can be improved simultaneously, improve soil organic matter content, in afforestation project, use the growing environment of this this kind plant of formula energy, ensure to transplant rear normal growth, and growing way be vigorous.
Embodiment
This matrix of embodiment 1 is used for the cuttage and seedling culture of golden gloomy glossy privet.
The process such as vinasse, peat, vermiculite, perlite, rice chaff ash and loose squama carry out becoming thoroughly decomposed or pulverize, sieve, mix, sterilization, each composition by volume adds than being 45 parts, vinasse, 25 parts, peat, vermiculite 10 parts, perlite 10 parts, rice chaff ash 5 parts, 5 parts, loose squama.Described vinasse through fermentation reactor system process in 5 months, unit weight 0.17g/cm 3, wet density 0.45g/cm 3, proportion 1.19g/cm 3, total porosity 83.9%, saturation moisture content 162.6%; Containing crude protein 27.4%, crude fat 2.3%, raw fiber 9.2%, nitrogen free extract 40%, coarse ash 4.4%.
Adopt 540 × 280 × 50mm seedling-cultivating tray (50 hole seedling culture hole plate), fill up the matrix prepared, cuttage is watered permeable the previous day, every cave cuttage 1 strain, then covers matrix 1cm, sprays permeable.Temperature remains on 24 ~ 26 DEG C, natural lighting, adds a cover 50% sunshade net 5 ~ June.
After cuttage, 20 ~ 25d is taken root, and rooting rate reaches more than 90%, and seedling growth is healthy and strong, 2 months portables, and plant root is flourishing, robust growth, leaf look floridity.
This matrix of embodiment 2 is used for applying in clown's fire cuttage and seedling culture of sour jujube and engineering.
The process such as vinasse, peat, vermiculite, perlite, rice chaff ash and loose squama carry out becoming thoroughly decomposed or pulverize, sieve, mix, sterilization, each composition by volume adds than being 50 parts, vinasse, 15 parts, peat, vermiculite 10 parts, perlite 10 parts, rice chaff ash 5 parts, 5 parts, loose squama.
Adopt 540 × 280 × 45mm seedling-cultivating tray (72 hole seedling culture hole plate), fill up the matrix prepared, cuttage is watered permeable the previous day, every cave cuttage 1 strain, then covers matrix 1cm, sprays permeable.Temperature remains on 24 ~ 26 DEG C, natural lighting, adds a cover 50% sunshade net 5 ~ June.
After cuttage, 18 ~ 22d is taken root, and rooting rate reaches more than 92%, and seedling growth is healthy and strong, 1 first quarter moon portable, and plant root is flourishing, and robust growth, leaf look beautiful.
In the soil on afforestation project ground, admix this matrix (1 part of matrix, 2 parts of soil) with volume ratio 1:2, after transplanting, plant growing way is vigorous.

Claims (2)

1. a matrix for ground cover plant nursery, is characterized in that comprising vinasse, peat, vermiculite, perlite, rice chaff ash and loose squama, and each component volume ratio is 8 ~ 10:3 ~ 5:2 ~ 3:2 ~ 3:1 ~ 2:1 ~ 2;
Described vinasse are husk type, through fermentation reactor system process in 5 ~ 6 months, and unit weight 0.12 ~ 0.22g/cm 3, wet density 0.40 ~ 0.50g/cm 3, proportion 1.0 ~ 1.30g/cm 3, total porosity 75% ~ 85%, saturation moisture content 150% ~ 170%; Containing crude protein 20% ~ 30%, crude fat 2.0% ~ 3.0%, raw fiber 8.0% ~ 10.0%, nitrogen free extract 35% ~ 45%, coarse ash 3.0% ~ 5.0%,
Described vinasse account for 40% ~ 50% of described matrix cumulative volume,
Described peat is domestic northeast peat, accounts for 15% ~ 25% of described matrix cumulative volume,
Described vermiculite accounts for 10% ~ 15% of described matrix cumulative volume,
Described perlite accounts for 10% ~ 15% of described matrix cumulative volume,
Described rice chaff ash is the ash that local rice husk burns till, meta-alkalescence, containing potash fertilizer, accounts for 5% ~ 10% of described matrix cumulative volume,
Described loose squama accounts for 5% ~ 10% of described matrix cumulative volume.
2. matrix according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the ground cover plant that described matrix is applied is woody and perennial herb ground cover plant, the stage of application is the nursery stage.
CN201310475908.3A 2013-10-12 2013-10-12 Medium formula for garden ground cover plant seedling raising Active CN103563723B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104082109B (en) * 2014-06-11 2016-06-15 浙江兰特园艺有限公司 A kind of cultivation container method of nursery stock
CN105165441A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-23 杭州市园林绿化股份有限公司 Method for increasing summer shifting and transporting survival rate of magnolia gradiflora
CN105475076B (en) * 2015-12-21 2018-03-20 益阳市银丰园林景观有限公司 A kind of ligustrum lucidum ait cottage breeding method
CN107155696A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-09-15 浙江兰特园艺有限公司 Culture medium for plant seedlings and preparation method

Citations (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101427647A (en) * 2008-12-11 2009-05-13 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Cuttage cultivation substrate and method of producing the same
CN101606471A (en) * 2009-07-23 2009-12-23 安徽省丰田无籽西瓜技术有限公司 Seedling medium and preparation method that a kind of vinasse methane-sludge makes
CN101811903A (en) * 2010-04-27 2010-08-25 扬州大学 Novel organic substrate and preparation method thereof
CN102432394A (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-05-02 镇江培蕾基质科技发展有限公司 Seedling substrate for soilless culture for vegetables
CN103086755A (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-05-08 武汉市农业科学研究所 Melon/vegetable seedling raising organic compound substrate prepared from vinasse and production method thereof
CN103299888A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-09-18 北京林业大学 Paeonia lactiflora soilless culture substrate and application thereof

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JP2003325044A (en) * 2002-03-06 2003-11-18 Asahi Breweries Ltd Plant culture medium

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101427647A (en) * 2008-12-11 2009-05-13 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Cuttage cultivation substrate and method of producing the same
CN101606471A (en) * 2009-07-23 2009-12-23 安徽省丰田无籽西瓜技术有限公司 Seedling medium and preparation method that a kind of vinasse methane-sludge makes
CN101811903A (en) * 2010-04-27 2010-08-25 扬州大学 Novel organic substrate and preparation method thereof
CN102432394A (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-05-02 镇江培蕾基质科技发展有限公司 Seedling substrate for soilless culture for vegetables
CN103086755A (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-05-08 武汉市农业科学研究所 Melon/vegetable seedling raising organic compound substrate prepared from vinasse and production method thereof
CN103299888A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-09-18 北京林业大学 Paeonia lactiflora soilless culture substrate and application thereof

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