CN103283460A - Taxus media cuttage method - Google Patents

Taxus media cuttage method Download PDF

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CN103283460A
CN103283460A CN2013102254991A CN201310225499A CN103283460A CN 103283460 A CN103283460 A CN 103283460A CN 2013102254991 A CN2013102254991 A CN 2013102254991A CN 201310225499 A CN201310225499 A CN 201310225499A CN 103283460 A CN103283460 A CN 103283460A
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cuttage
plugged ear
days
cutting
management
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CN2013102254991A
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CN103283460B (en
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朱波风
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江苏红豆杉生物科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a Taxus media cuttage method. The Taxus media cottage method is characterized by comprising the following processing steps that a place which is flat, sheltered, sufficient in water source, little in light and convenient to manage is selected to serve as a cuttage land; a cuttage bed is built by bricks on the periphery of the cuttage land, the cuttage bed is higher than the ground, and cuttage ground substances in the cuttage bed are formed by mixing perlite and turfy soil; half-lignification branches which grow in the current year and are on seed trees are collected and manufactured into cuttings, wherein the seed trees are free of plant diseases and insect pests and grow strongly, and complete sections with leaf branches are reserved at the upper portions of the cuttings; the cuttings are inserted into the cuttage ground substances in the density of 5*6cm, the insertion depth is 1/3-1/2 of the length of the cuttings, the cuttings make close contact with the cuttage ground substances, one cutting is watered every time the cutting is inserted, and a plastic arch shed covers the cuttings to shade the cuttings; strict control over moisture management, air humidity management, temperature management and seedling stage management is carried out after cuttage of the cuttings is finished. The rate of cuttage survival can reach 90%.

Description

The cottage method of Taxus x media
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cottage method of Taxus x media, belong to the agricultural plant technical field.
Background technology
Taxus x media (Taxus media) is the natural hybrization kind that the U.S. found in 1918, and its female parent is taxus chinensis in northeast (T.cuspidata), and male parent is european yew (T.baccata).Through various places artificial hybridization select more than 10 Taxus x media strain thereafter.Wherein the Taxus media CV Hicksii kind that is selected by Henrg Hicksii is the maximum kinds of many national artificial cultivation quantity such as the present U.S., Canada.China introduced this kind in 1996.U.S.'s Taxus x media has the title of " plant gold ".By producing 750kg/hm per year 2Dried raw material calculates, and can extract the about 10g of taxol, and by 146.1 dollars of calculating of the every bottle 20mg of the paclitaxel injection that now goes on the market wholesale price, total value can reach 4.87 ten thousand dollars.Domestic Chinese yew seeds taxol generally is distributed in the bark more, only can extract taxol from bark, and the availability of whole plant is low.Taxus x media then is that the plant each several part all contains taxol, and only the content of branches and leaves just reaches 0.03%, and root system more reaches 0.04% ~ 0.06%.This means that but the Taxus x media complete stool be used for to extract taxol, plant availability height if can successfully be introduced a fine variety and large tracts of land is bred these seeds and can be obtained considerable economic.In addition, Taxus x media is tree-like attractive in appearance, and fruit takes on a red color, and has sight, and strong to adaptive capacity to environment, can be used as afforestation and indoor pot seeds.Therefore this seeds exploitation has very vast potential for future development.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of cottage method of Taxus x media is provided, the strictness control of the moisture content by cuttage position, seedling growth, temperature, humidity etc. has guaranteed survival rate.
According to technical scheme provided by the invention, the cottage method of described Taxus x media is characterized in that, comprises following processing step:
(1) selection on cuttage ground: select that physical features is smooth, wind sheltering, have abundant water resources, illumination is few and the place of convenient management;
(2) build bed: be built into cutting bed with fragment of brick around cuttage ground, cutting bed is above ground level, highly is that 25 ~ 30cm, width are that 100 ~ 120cm, length are 200 ~ 300cm, and the pavement that width is 50 ~ 60cm is set between cutting bed and the cutting bed;
(3) cutting medium in the cutting bed is mixed by perlite and turfy soil, and the height of cutting medium is 20 ~ 25cm, and the mass ratio of perlite and turfy soil is 3 ~ 4:1, and even spraying concentration is that 60% ~ 70% carbendazim solution carries out disinfection on cutting medium;
(4) gather the branch of the semi-lignified of giving birth to then the elite stand of no damage by disease and insect, robust growth, branch is made the plugged ear that length is 10 ~ 15cm, the lower cut of plugged ear is angular cut or circle otch, and top keeps a complete band leaf branch section, with the blade removal of plugged ear bottom 2/3;
(5) the ABT1 rooting powder solution of the plugged ear base portion after step (4) processing with 90 ~ 110mg/kg soaked 2 ~ 2.5 hours, soaking depth is 2 ~ 3cm;
(6) plugged ear after step (5) processing is inserted in the cutting medium by the density of 5 * 6cm, insertion depth is 1/3 ~ 1/2 of cutting length, plugged ear is closely contacted with cutting medium, whenever inserted a strain plugged ear and watered water one time, and the lid plastic canopy shades above plugged ear; Following method is adopted in moisture management after the plugged ear cuttage, air humidity management, temperature treatment and seedling management:
Moisture management after the cuttage: irritate foot water for the first time after the plugged ear cuttage immediately, making plugged ear and cutting medium water content is 20% ~ 25%; After irritating the water first time, keeping the water content of cutting medium is 10% ~ 25%; After taking root in a large number, keeping the water content of cutting medium is 10% ~ 20%;
Air humidity management after the cuttage: after cuttage, in 40 days, carry out the spraying at night, guarantee that the relative moisture in the plastic canopy should be controlled at RH65% ~ RH90%; Relative moisture after 40 days in the plastic canopy should be controlled at RH65% ~ RH85%;
Temperature treatment after the cuttage: keeping the temperature in the plastic canopy after the cuttage is 20 ℃ ~ 25 ℃;
Seedling management: after cuttage in 90 days, be 0.1% ~ 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate every carrying out foliage spray concentration 1 ~ 2 week; After 90 days, directly on cutting bed, evenly execute concentration per 1 ~ 2 week and be 0.1% ~ 0.3% urea; Stop to use urea after October, execute concentration and be 0.3% ~ 0.5% phosphorus potash fertilizer solution, executed once every 10 ~ 15 days, fertilization time carries out or cloudy whole day before at 11 o'clock in the morning of fine day or after at 16 o'clock in afternoon.
In the described step (4), semi-lignified branch be captured in overcast and rainy carrying out.
The cuttage of plugged ear was carried out in September in the described step (6).
The mode of temperature treatment is after the described cuttage: the sunshade net is built in employing when temperature surpasses 30 ℃, awning is lowered the temperature, and before at 9 o'clock in the morning, water spray is lowered the temperature after at 5 o'clock in afternoon; When temperature drops to 10 ℃, adopt to build arc canopy or cover careless mode to be incubated, prevent nursery stock Yin Wendu low freezing to death or frostbite excessively.
Pest control method during described seedling management is: the aqueous solution that sprayed mass concentration every 7 ~ 10 days and be the aqueous solution of 0.125% powder of carbendazim or mass concentration and be 0.1% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder; The aqueous solution of described powder of carbendazim is that 50% powder of carbendazim mixes with water and obtains by effective component content, and the aqueous solution of described thiophanate-methyl wetting powder is that 50% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder mixes with water and obtains by effective component content.
During described seedling management, in time remove plugged ear susceptible and that rot, in order to avoid infect other plugged ears, and carry out weeding.
Produced callus in 40 days after the plugged ear cuttage, 50 ~ 80 days begin to take root, and take root in a large number in 90 ~ 110 days.
The cottage method of Taxus x media of the present invention, cuttage survival rate reaches 90%; After maternal plant is cut, newly sprout branch and can be used for cuttage again next year, and branch adopts more and more, output improves year by year, has improved the reproduction coefficient of cuttage and seedling culture, produces for the commercialization of development Chinese yew to lay the first stone.
The cutting time of Taxus x media has appreciable impact to planting percent and the high girth growth of cuttage, branch is too delicate too early, nutritious substances accumulation is less so the root of hair rate is low, slow excessively, though nutriment is more, but temperature is too high, evaporation discharge is big, and plugged ear is not just often taken root because of the rising dehydration death of wilting, and planting percent is also low, secondly also there is certain influence at cuttage branch position to survival rate, and the base portion plugged ear is more sturdy, survival rate is higher; The present invention carries out strictness control to the temperature of cuttage branch position, cutting time, seedling growth, humidity, moisture content etc., has guaranteed the survival rate of cuttage.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
Embodiment one: a kind of cottage method of Taxus x media comprises following processing step:
(1) selection on cuttage ground: select that physical features is smooth, wind sheltering, have abundant water resources, illumination is few and the place of convenient management;
(2) build bed: be built into cutting bed overstating with stone of cuttage ground all around, cutting bed is built into south-north direction, and cutting bed is above ground level, highly for 25cm, width are that 100cm, length are 200cm, the pavement that width is 50cm is set between cutting bed and the cutting bed;
(3) cutting medium in the cutting bed is mixed by perlite and turfy soil, and the height of cutting medium is 20cm, and the mass ratio of perlite and turfy soil is 3:1, and even spraying concentration is that 60% carbendazim solution carries out disinfection on cutting medium;
(4) gather the branch of the semi-lignified of giving birth to then the elite stand of no damage by disease and insect, robust growth, be captured in overcast and rainy carrying out, branch is made the plugged ear that length is 10cm, the lower cut of plugged ear is angular cut or circle otch, top keeps a complete band leaf branch section, with the blade removal of plugged ear bottom 2/3;
(5) the ABT1 rooting powder solution of the plugged ear base portion after step (4) processing with 90mg/kg soaked 2.5 hours, soaking depth is 2cm;
(6) plugged ear after step (5) processing is inserted in the cutting medium by the density of 5 * 6cm, insertion depth is 1/3 of cutting length, plugged ear is closely contacted with cutting medium, whenever inserted a strain plugged ear and watered water one time, and the lid plastic canopy shades above plugged ear; Produced callus in 40 days after the plugged ear cuttage, 50 days begin to take root, and take root in a large number in 90 days, and the moisture management after the plugged ear cuttage, air humidity management, temperature treatment, seedling management and the extermination of disease and insect pest adopt following method:
Moisture management after the cuttage: irritate foot water for the first time after the plugged ear cuttage immediately, making plugged ear and cutting medium water content is 20%; The moisture content state of monitoring cutting medium after irritating the water first time, keeping the water content of cutting medium is 10%; After taking root in a large number in 90 days, keeping the water content of cutting medium is 10%;
Air humidity management after the cuttage: bigger air humidity can reduce the rising intensity on plugged ear blade face, keeps the water balance of plugged ear, utilizes the plastic canopy method of shading and the nozzle equipment that can improve air humidity fast that the environment of high humility is provided to plugged ear; After cuttage, in 40 days, carry out the spraying at night, guarantee that the relative moisture in the plastic canopy should be controlled at RH65%; Produced in 40 days after the callus, the relative moisture in the plastic canopy should be controlled at RH65%;
Temperature treatment after the cuttage: the sunshade net is built in employing when temperature surpasses 30 ℃, awning is lowered the temperature, and before at 9 o'clock in the morning, water spray is lowered the temperature after at 5 o'clock in afternoon; When temperature drops to 10 ℃, adopt to build arc canopy or cover careless mode to be incubated, prevent nursery stock Yin Wendu low freezing to death or frostbite excessively; Temperature after the maintenance cuttage in the plastic canopy is 20 ℃;
Seedling management: after cuttage in 90 days, be 0.1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate every carrying out foliage spray concentration 1 week; After 90 days, directly on cutting bed, evenly execute concentration per 1 week and be 0.1% urea; Stop to use urea after October, execute concentration and be 0.3% phosphorus potash fertilizer solution, executed once every 10 days, fertilization time carries out or cloudy whole day before at 11 o'clock in the morning of fine day or after at 16 o'clock in afternoon; During seedling management, in time remove plugged ear susceptible and that rot, in order to avoid infect other plugged ears, and carry out weeding;
Pest control method during described seedling management is: the aqueous solution that sprayed mass concentration every 7 days and be the aqueous solution of 0.125% powder of carbendazim or mass concentration and be 0.1% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder; The aqueous solution of described powder of carbendazim is that 50% powder of carbendazim mixes with water and obtains by effective component content, and the aqueous solution of described thiophanate-methyl wetting powder is that 50% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder mixes with water and obtains by effective component content.
Embodiment two: a kind of cottage method of Taxus x media comprises following processing step:
(1) selection on cuttage ground: select that physical features is smooth, wind sheltering, have abundant water resources, illumination is few and the place of convenient management;
(2) build bed: be built into cutting bed with fragment of brick around cuttage ground, cutting bed is built into south-north direction, and cutting bed is above ground level, highly for 30cm, width are that 120cm, length are 300cm, the pavement that width is 60cm is set between cutting bed and the cutting bed;
(3) cutting medium in the cutting bed is mixed by perlite and turfy soil, and the height of cutting medium is 25cm, and the mass ratio of perlite and turfy soil is 4:1, and even spraying concentration is that 70% carbendazim solution carries out disinfection on cutting medium;
(4) gather the branch of the semi-lignified of giving birth to then the elite stand of no damage by disease and insect, robust growth, be captured in overcast and rainy carrying out, branch is made the plugged ear that length is 15cm, the lower cut of plugged ear is angular cut or circle otch, top keeps a complete band leaf branch section, with the blade removal of plugged ear bottom 2/3;
(5) the ABT1 rooting powder solution of the plugged ear base portion after step (4) processing with 110mg/kg soaked 2 hours, soaking depth is 3cm;
(6) reach in the time of some months to taking root from cuttage, wherein 9 ~ December ground temperature, temperature reduce gradually, the water evaporates amount reduces gradually, so cuttage in September, can avoid the consumption of nutrient in the too high acceleration plugged ear of temperature and cause the cuttage failure, water evaporates amount in blade face is less in addition, can not cause the cuttage failure because blade is withered, but along with temperature reduces gradually, the cuttage booth should be carried out warming work, timely covered with plastic film, temperature of shed remains on about 10 ℃, and light transmittance can strengthen gradually; Carry out cuttage in September, plugged ear after step (5) processing is inserted in the cutting medium by the density of 5 * 6cm, and insertion depth is 1/2 of cutting length, and plugged ear is closely contacted with cutting medium, whenever inserted a strain plugged ear and watered water one time, and the lid plastic canopy shades above plugged ear; Produced callus in 40 days after the plugged ear cuttage, 80 days begin to take root, and take root in a large number in 110 days, and the moisture management after the plugged ear cuttage, air humidity management, temperature treatment, seedling management and the extermination of disease and insect pest adopt following method:
Moisture management after the cuttage: irritate foot water for the first time after the plugged ear cuttage immediately, making plugged ear and cutting medium water content is 25%; The moisture content state of monitoring cutting medium after irritating the water first time, keeping the water content of cutting medium is 25%; After taking root in a large number in 110 days, keeping the water content of cutting medium is 20%;
Air humidity management after the cuttage: bigger air humidity can reduce the rising intensity on plugged ear blade face, keeps the water balance of plugged ear, utilizes the plastic canopy method of shading and the nozzle equipment that can improve air humidity fast that the environment of high humility is provided to plugged ear; After cuttage, in 40 days, carry out the spraying at night, guarantee that the relative moisture in the plastic canopy should be controlled at RH90%; Produced in 40 days after the callus, the relative moisture in the plastic canopy should be controlled at RH85%;
Temperature treatment after the cuttage: the sunshade net is built in employing when temperature surpasses 30 ℃, awning is lowered the temperature, and before at 9 o'clock in the morning, water spray is lowered the temperature after at 5 o'clock in afternoon; When temperature drops to 10 ℃, adopt to build arc canopy or cover careless mode to be incubated, prevent nursery stock Yin Wendu low freezing to death or frostbite excessively; Temperature after the maintenance cuttage in the plastic canopy is 25 ℃;
Seedling management: after cuttage in 90 days, be 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate every carrying out foliage spray concentration 2 weeks; After 90 days, directly evenly executed concentration every 15 days and be 0.5% phosphorus potash fertilizer solution on cutting bed, fertilization time carries out or cloudy whole day before at 11 o'clock in the morning of fine day or after at 16 o'clock in afternoon; During seedling management, in time remove plugged ear susceptible and that rot, in order to avoid infect other plugged ears, and carry out weeding;
Pest control method during described seedling management is: the aqueous solution that sprayed mass concentration every 10 days and be the aqueous solution of 0.125% powder of carbendazim or mass concentration and be 0.1% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder; The aqueous solution of described powder of carbendazim is that 50% powder of carbendazim mixes with water and obtains by effective component content, and the aqueous solution of described thiophanate-methyl wetting powder is that 50% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder mixes with water and obtains by effective component content.
Embodiment three: a kind of cottage method of Taxus x media comprises following processing step:
(1) selection on cuttage ground: select that physical features is smooth, wind sheltering, have abundant water resources, illumination is few and the place of convenient management;
(2) build bed: be built into cutting bed with fragment of brick around cuttage ground, cutting bed is built into south-north direction, and cutting bed is above ground level, highly for 25cm, width are that 110cm, length are 250cm, the pavement that width is 55cm is set between cutting bed and the cutting bed;
(3) cutting medium in the cutting bed is mixed by perlite and turfy soil, and the height of cutting medium is 20cm, and the mass ratio of perlite and turfy soil is 3.5:1, and even spraying concentration is that 65% carbendazim solution carries out disinfection on cutting medium;
(4) gather the branch of the semi-lignified of giving birth to then the elite stand of no damage by disease and insect, robust growth, be captured in overcast and rainy carrying out, branch is made the plugged ear that length is 10cm, the lower cut of plugged ear is angular cut or circle otch, top keeps a complete band leaf branch section, with the blade removal of plugged ear bottom 2/3;
(5) the ABT1 rooting powder solution of the plugged ear base portion after step (4) processing with 100mg/kg soaked 2 hours, soaking depth is 2.5cm;
(6) reach in the time of some months to taking root from cuttage, wherein 9 ~ December ground temperature, temperature reduce gradually, the water evaporates amount reduces gradually, so cuttage in September, can avoid the consumption of nutrient in the too high acceleration plugged ear of temperature and cause the cuttage failure, water evaporates amount in blade face is less in addition, can not cause the cuttage failure because blade is withered, but along with temperature reduces gradually, the cuttage booth should be carried out warming work, timely covered with plastic film, temperature of shed remains on about 10 ℃, and light transmittance can strengthen gradually; Carry out cuttage in September, plugged ear after step (5) processing is inserted in the cutting medium by the density of 5 * 6cm, and insertion depth is 1/3 of cutting length, and plugged ear is closely contacted with cutting medium, whenever inserted a strain plugged ear and watered water one time, and the lid plastic canopy shades above plugged ear; Produced callus in 40 days after the plugged ear cuttage, 60 days begin to take root, and take root in a large number in 100 days, and the moisture management after the plugged ear cuttage, air humidity management, temperature treatment, seedling management and the extermination of disease and insect pest adopt following method:
Moisture management after the cuttage: irritate foot water for the first time after the plugged ear cuttage immediately, making plugged ear and cutting medium water content is 20%; The moisture content state of monitoring cutting medium after irritating the water first time, keeping the water content of cutting medium is 20%; After taking root in a large number in 100 days, keeping the water content of cutting medium is 15%;
Air humidity management after the cuttage: bigger air humidity can reduce the rising intensity on plugged ear blade face, keeps the water balance of plugged ear, utilizes the plastic canopy method of shading and the nozzle equipment that can improve air humidity fast that the environment of high humility is provided to plugged ear; After cuttage, in 40 days, carry out the spraying at night, guarantee that the relative moisture in the plastic canopy should be controlled at RH70%; Produced in 40 days after the callus, the relative moisture in the plastic canopy should be controlled at RH75%;
Temperature treatment after the cuttage: the sunshade net is built in employing when temperature surpasses 30 ℃, awning is lowered the temperature, and before at 9 o'clock in the morning, water spray is lowered the temperature after at 5 o'clock in afternoon; When temperature drops to 10 ℃, adopt to build arc canopy or cover careless mode to be incubated, prevent nursery stock Yin Wendu low freezing to death or frostbite excessively; Temperature after the maintenance cuttage in the plastic canopy is 20 ℃;
Seedling management: after cuttage in 90 days, be 0.1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate every carrying out foliage spray concentration 1 week; After 90 days, directly evenly executed concentration every 10 days and be 0.3% phosphorus potash fertilizer solution on cutting bed, fertilization time carries out or cloudy whole day before at 11 o'clock in the morning of fine day or after at 16 o'clock in afternoon; During seedling management, in time remove plugged ear susceptible and that rot, in order to avoid infect other plugged ears, and carry out weeding;
Pest control method during described seedling management is: the aqueous solution that sprayed mass concentration every 8 days and be the aqueous solution of 0.125% powder of carbendazim or mass concentration and be 0.1% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder; The aqueous solution of described powder of carbendazim is that 50% powder of carbendazim mixes with water and obtains by effective component content, and the aqueous solution of described thiophanate-methyl wetting powder is that 50% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder mixes with water and obtains by effective component content.

Claims (7)

1. the cottage method of a Taxus x media is characterized in that, comprises following processing step:
(1) selection on cuttage ground: select that physical features is smooth, wind sheltering, have abundant water resources, illumination is few and the place of convenient management;
(2) build bed: be built into cutting bed with fragment of brick around cuttage ground, cutting bed is above ground level, highly is that 25 ~ 30cm, width are that 100 ~ 120cm, length are 200 ~ 300cm, and the pavement that width is 50 ~ 60cm is set between cutting bed and the cutting bed;
(3) cutting medium in the cutting bed is mixed by perlite and turfy soil, and the height of cutting medium is 20 ~ 25cm, and the mass ratio of perlite and turfy soil is 3 ~ 4:1, and even spraying concentration is that 60% ~ 70% carbendazim solution carries out disinfection on cutting medium;
(4) gather the branch of the semi-lignified of giving birth to then the elite stand of no damage by disease and insect, robust growth, branch is made the plugged ear that length is 10 ~ 15cm, the lower cut of plugged ear is angular cut or circle otch, and top keeps a complete band leaf branch section, with the blade removal of plugged ear bottom 2/3;
(5) the ABT1 rooting powder solution of the plugged ear base portion after step (4) processing with 90 ~ 110mg/kg soaked 2 ~ 2.5 hours, soaking depth is 2 ~ 3cm;
(6) plugged ear after step (5) processing is inserted in the cutting medium by the density of 5 * 6cm, insertion depth is 1/3 ~ 1/2 of cutting length, plugged ear is closely contacted with cutting medium, whenever inserted a strain plugged ear and watered water one time, and the lid plastic canopy shades above plugged ear; Following method is adopted in moisture management after the described plugged ear cuttage, air humidity management, temperature treatment and seedling management:
Moisture management after the cuttage: irritate foot water for the first time after the plugged ear cuttage immediately, making plugged ear and cutting medium water content is 20% ~ 25%; After irritating the water first time, keeping the water content of cutting medium is 10% ~ 25%; After taking root in a large number, keeping the water content of cutting medium is 10% ~ 20%;
Air humidity management after the cuttage: after cuttage, in 40 days, carry out the spraying at night, guarantee that the relative moisture in the plastic canopy should be controlled at RH65% ~ RH90%; Relative moisture after 40 days in the plastic canopy should be controlled at RH65% ~ RH85%;
Temperature treatment after the cuttage: keeping the temperature in the plastic canopy after the cuttage is 20 ℃ ~ 25 ℃;
Seedling management: after cuttage in 90 days, be 0.1% ~ 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate every carrying out foliage spray concentration 1 ~ 2 week; After 90 days, directly on cutting bed, evenly execute concentration per 1 ~ 2 week and be 0.1% ~ 0.3% urea; Stop to use urea after October, execute concentration and be 0.3% ~ 0.5% phosphorus potash fertilizer solution, executed once every 10 ~ 15 days, fertilization time carries out or cloudy whole day before at 11 o'clock in the morning of fine day or after at 16 o'clock in afternoon.
2. the cottage method of Taxus x media as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: in the described step (4), semi-lignified branch be captured in overcast and rainy carrying out.
3. the cottage method of Taxus x media as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the cuttage of plugged ear was carried out in September in the described step (6).
4. the cottage method of Taxus x media as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the mode of temperature treatment is after the described cuttage: the sunshade net is built in employing when temperature surpasses 30 ℃, awning is lowered the temperature, and before at 9 o'clock in the morning, water spray is lowered the temperature after at 5 o'clock in afternoon; When temperature drops to 10 ℃, adopt to build arc canopy or cover careless mode to be incubated, prevent nursery stock Yin Wendu low freezing to death or frostbite excessively.
5. the cottage method of Taxus x media as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the pest control method during described seedling management is: the aqueous solution that sprayed mass concentration every 7 ~ 10 days and be the aqueous solution of 0.125% powder of carbendazim or mass concentration and be 0.1% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder; The aqueous solution of described powder of carbendazim is that 50% powder of carbendazim mixes with water and obtains by effective component content, and the aqueous solution of described thiophanate-methyl wetting powder is that 50% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder mixes with water and obtains by effective component content.
6. the cottage method of Taxus x media as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: during described seedling management, in time remove plugged ear susceptible and that rot, in order to avoid infect other plugged ears, and carry out weeding.
7. the cottage method of Taxus x media as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: produced callus in 40 days after the plugged ear cuttage, 50 ~ 80 days begin to take root, and take root in a large number in 90 ~ 110 days.
CN201310225499.1A 2013-06-07 2013-06-07 Taxus media cuttage method CN103283460B (en)

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CN104396491A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-03-11 江苏红豆杉生物科技股份有限公司 Taxus chinensis var. mairei cutting seedling-raising method
CN104429480A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-03-25 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Taxodium zhongshansha 406 hard wood cutting simple culture method
CN104855085A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-08-26 瑞严精机(上海)有限公司 Cultivation method for taxus chinensis fruiting bonsai
CN105210827A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-06 马维成 Phase in early spring Yew cuttage seedling-cultivating method
CN105248228A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-20 周福进 Taxus media cultivation method
CN106472073A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-03-08 合肥沁牧生态农业有限公司 A kind of cottage method of high mountain banyan
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CN106922476A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-07 贵州大学 A kind of cultural method for improving the withered cuttage survival rate of rice
CN107155770A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-15 四川祥光农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of Taxus x media
CN107852987A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-03-30 竹山县德亿种植专业合作社 A kind of Taxus x media grafting cultivation method
CN108605624A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-10-02 陕西盛天元生物科技有限公司 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of Taxus x media
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CN103931393A (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-07-23 桂林市林业科学研究所 Method for cultivating Taxus media bag seedlings by edible fungus waste
CN103947437A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-07-30 兴文县康永红豆杉生物科技有限责任公司 Taxus X media non-test tube rapid propagation method
CN103975737A (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-08-13 四川农业大学 Chinese yew vegetative propagation method
CN104067916A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-10-01 江苏红豆杉生物科技股份有限公司 Greenhouse cuttage method of European yews
CN104067916B (en) * 2014-06-20 2017-01-04 江苏红豆杉生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of greenhouse cottage method of Taxus baccata
CN104396491A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-03-11 江苏红豆杉生物科技股份有限公司 Taxus chinensis var. mairei cutting seedling-raising method
CN104429480A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-03-25 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Taxodium zhongshansha 406 hard wood cutting simple culture method
CN104855085A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-08-26 瑞严精机(上海)有限公司 Cultivation method for taxus chinensis fruiting bonsai
CN106613037A (en) * 2015-08-06 2017-05-10 南京登博生态科技股份有限公司 Cutting propagation method of Acer palmatum
CN105210827A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-06 马维成 Phase in early spring Yew cuttage seedling-cultivating method
CN105210827B (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-12-26 马维成 Phase in early spring Yew cuttage method for culturing seedlings
CN105248228A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-20 周福进 Taxus media cultivation method
CN106472073A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-03-08 合肥沁牧生态农业有限公司 A kind of cottage method of high mountain banyan
CN106718751A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-31 南京登博生态科技股份有限公司 A kind of red cuttage breeding method in Nanjing
CN106922476A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-07 贵州大学 A kind of cultural method for improving the withered cuttage survival rate of rice
CN107155770A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-15 四川祥光农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of Taxus x media
CN108605624A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-10-02 陕西盛天元生物科技有限公司 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of Taxus x media
CN107852987A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-03-30 竹山县德亿种植专业合作社 A kind of Taxus x media grafting cultivation method
CN109005970A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-18 铜仁学院 A kind of method of summer cuttage Chinese yew

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