CN106376343B - The semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological anniversary implantation methods - Google Patents

The semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological anniversary implantation methods Download PDF

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CN106376343B
CN106376343B CN201610810026.1A CN201610810026A CN106376343B CN 106376343 B CN106376343 B CN 106376343B CN 201610810026 A CN201610810026 A CN 201610810026A CN 106376343 B CN106376343 B CN 106376343B
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rice
milk vetch
chinese milk
ratooning
days
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CN106376343A (en
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刘祥臣
丰大清
赵海英
余贵龙
李彦婷
李伟
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XINYANG CITY ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURE SCIENCES
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XINYANG CITY ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURE SCIENCES
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • A01G22/22Rice
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological anniversary implantation methods, it is the following steps are included: go up October prior year, the middle ten days interplants Chinese milk vetch, it is turned over when Chinese milk vetch Sheng Lei or flowering stage at the beginning of 4 months current year, dry harrowing soil, site preparation is carried out after being poured water, being made compost, to rice transplanting.And on March in the current year, the suitable regeneration rice varieties progress first rice crop seedling of the middle ten days selection, the rice stub after recycling first rice crop harvests cultivates ratooning rice, and in the mature preceding interplanting Chinese milk vetch of ratooning rice.This mode realizes two kind of three receipts, that is, harvest two season a paddy and Ji Lvfei, can make full use of the natural resources, production cost is low, rice yield is high, profitable, can improve soil organic matter content, realizes and tills the land, supports field and combine.

Description

The semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological anniversary implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of rice cultivation, specifically, relate to a kind of semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological week Year implantation methods.
Background technique
China is population and grain big country, and the grain security in China is the focus of world attention.It is asked to solve grain On the one hand topic, China put into a large amount of financial resources, material resources, manpower to improve Per Unit Area Grain Yield, on the other hand, China part rice region exists There is a large amount of Winter paddy field, the natural resources such as soil, illumination, heat, precipitation is caused to waste.Henan south rice region is located at China's north subtropical With the zone of transition of warm temperate zone, making a clear distinction between the four seasons, in rain heat same season, photo-thermal water resource is abundant, and the more southern temperature of mean temperature is low, though Right Monitoring of Paddy Rice Plant Area accounts for 85% of Henan Province or more, but due to long-term average temperature value and recently as under farming benefit Drop, it is general after the rice harves of head season no longer to plant second stubble crop, plough the idle several months, formed winter white stubble field phenomenon year by year on It rises, only Henan south rice region just has 3,000,000 mu or more.
In order to solve the above problems, people are seeking always a kind of ideal technical solution.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, to provide, a kind of rice per mu yield is high, natural resources is sharp With the semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological anniversary plantation that rate is high, low production cost can improve soil organic matter content simultaneously Method.
To achieve the goals above, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is that: a kind of semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch is efficiently given birth to The state anniversary implantation methods, it the following steps are included:
Chinese milk vetch is planted for the first time: interplanting Chinese milk vetch in early and middle ten days in October prior year;
Site preparation is made compost: turned over when the current year, Chinese milk vetch entered flowering stage, dry harrowing soil, poured water, make compost it is laggard Row site preparation;
Cultivate first rice crop: on March in the current year, regeneration rice varieties progress head season of the middle ten days selection suitable for the area plantation of Henan south Rice seedling, and on April in the current year, the middle ten days by first rice crop shoot transplanting equipment to rice field after site preparation and fertilization, managed through water, fertilizer Cultivate first rice crop;
Cultivate ratooning rice: when first rice crop maturation, hand harvest or mechanical harvesting and height stay rice stubble;And after first rice crop harvesting It poured water in time, apply rush seed manure, cultivate ratooning rice through field management;
Second kind of plant Chinese milk vetch: it is in the milk the later period in ratooning rice, interplants Chinese milk vetch.
It include: in early and middle ten days in October prior year, to sow per acre based on the step of above-mentioned, the first time plants Chinese milk vetch Amount is that the standard of the Kg of 2 Kg~2.5 carries out plantation Chinese milk vetch, if field soil moisture content deficiency is both needed to the Chinese milk vetch kind that is soaked in water when sowing Chinese Milk Vetch Seeds are dried processing after Chinese Milk Vetch Seeds sufficiently absorb water by son 1~2 day.
Based in the step of above-mentioned, the first time plants Chinese milk vetch, the rice field of Chinese milk vetch is planted as plantation when first time When one batch of common rice field, Chinese milk vetch is planted in progress in 3~10 days for the first time after rice harves;When first time plantation Chinese milk vetch When rice field is the rice field of ratooning rice, the plantation Chinese milk vetch for the first time of progress in first 10~15 days should be harvested in ratooning rice.
It include: when the Chinese milk vetch of first time plantation enters flowering stage, to rice based on the step of above-mentioned, the site preparation is made compost Field turned over, shone 1~2 day after carry out dry harrowing, chopping, be sufficiently mixed Chinese milk vetch with soil, then pour water into rice field into Row make compost 7~10 days, while according to the standard of the kg of 25 kg~35 per acre apply compound fertilizer as base fertilizer, and by rice field revolve it is broken, Harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil is flat, to be inserted.
Based on above-mentioned, in the cultivation first rice crop step, on March in the current year, the middle ten days chooses and is suitable for the area plantation of Henan south Regeneration rice varieties carry out first rice crop seedling the step of include: on March in the current year, the middle ten days, usually with dry rice seedling or greenhouse, temperature The protecting fields seedling raising method such as room carries out seedling to first rice crop;Wherein, the seedbed of the dry rice seedling should select hidding and sunny side, clean nothing Pollution, irrigation and drainage, place convenient for management, autumn turn over anti-upturned soil and freeze solarization, fine whole seedbed, bottom water are irrigated before sowing, with 100 g/m2~ 150 g/m2Application rate the seed of the regeneration rice varieties to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally through vernalization is sprinkled on seedbed, and pat and partly bury, table Face covers the cm of 0.5 cm~1 dry ground again and buckles well film, and gradually ventilation carries out hardening after rice shoot grows up to 2 leaf, 1 heart.Greenhouse, greenhouse Method of raising seedling seedbed can prior to seeding site preparation in 7 days, apply fertilizer, do furrow, the apply fertilizer to the subsoil 45% compound fertilizer kg of 50 kg~75, furrow of mu are wide The other management of 1.4~1.5m. can refer to Small plastic shed dry rice seedling.
Based on above-mentioned, in the cultivation first rice crop step, on April in the current year, the middle ten days by first rice crop shoot transplanting equipment to passing through In rice field after site preparation and fertilization, water is carried out, fertilizer manages the step of cultivating first rice crop and includes;
It is transplanted by the first rice crop rice shoot in per acre 10,000~1.5 ten thousand caves, keeping the depth of water is the cm of 3 cm~5 with benefit living; It transplants after the first rice crop rice shoot in 5~7 days, applies the urea kg of 5 kg~7.5 per acre as tillering fertilizer, and spraying herbicide;
First rice crop tillering stage pour water to Tanaka for 2~3 days that is, after water consume is dry using alternation of wetting and drying management;It is described First rice crop rice shoot carries out dry field processing after reaching seedling, and the not sunken foot in light, field is moved back in solarization to the first rice crop rice shoot leaf color to be advisable;
First rice crop fell for 3.5 leaf phases, kept the depth of water cm of 10 cm~15 in field to carry out sufficient water booting, and apply urea 8 per acre The kg of kg~10 is as rush fertilizers for potted flowers;The urea kg of 2 kg~5.5 is imposed again per acre as guarantor's fertilizers for potted flowers in 1.5 leaves;
The first rice crop pustulation period, using alternation of wetting and drying management to maturation, and 15~20 days after the neat fringe of first rice crop apply per acre The budding fertilizer of the kg of 10 kg~15 urea, 5 kg potassium chloride as ratooning rice.
Based on above-mentioned, in the cultivation ratooning rice step, poured water in time after first rice crop harvesting, applies rush seed manure, passed through Field management cultivate ratooning rice the step of include:
It gathers in 3 days in first rice crop, pours water in time into the rice field after harvesting first rice crop, it is permissible in dry situation Carry out shield rice stubble processing, water irrigating depth require more than first rice crop rice stubble fall two successively between, after 24 hours row arrive 10cm or so;Simultaneously Apply the urea kg of 7.5 kg~10 per acre as ratooning rice seedling fertilizer, and alternation of wetting and drying to ratooning rice is kept to ear;In ratooning rice Beginning ear period sprays chemical regulator to it and releases packet neck with sharp Qi Sui;In the ratooning rice pustulation period, using alternation of wetting and drying management to again Raw rice is mature.
Based on above-mentioned, the regeneration rice varieties suitable for the area plantation of Henan south include two excellent 6326, excellent No. 1 of richness two, Yue You 9113, New two excellent 223, rich two excellent fragrant No. 1, special glutinous 2072, Sheng Tai excellent 018 or Anhui rice 199.
The present invention has substantive distinguishing features outstanding and significant progress compared with the prior art, specifically, of the invention The semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological anniversary implantation methods, it is while right in advance using the technique of ratooning rice and Chinese milk vetch interplanting First rice crop carries out dry rice seedling or protecting field form is cultivated first rice crop and is successfully realized to ensure that the growth cycle of ratooning rice Two batches of plantations of the regional rice in Henan south.Concretely, this method has the advantage that
1, the nitrogen in the fixed air of rhizobium that Chinese milk vetch passes through root, is converted into the nitrogen utilized for plant absorption Fertilizer, when strain body decomposition, are very big to the booster dose of soil nitrogen, and nitrogen utilization efficiency is also high, are a kind of important green manure, are to be promoted A kind of good preceding crop of Rice Cropping cost performance.According to domestic and international research, the usual year per mu yield fresh grass of Chinese milk vetch is 1500 The Kg of kg~2000, the organic fertilizer generated after retting can substitute the nitrogenous fertilizer of rice 30%~60% containing 3.6 kg of pure N amount~4.8kg It needs.
2, seedling is shifted to an earlier date to first rice crop, so that first rice crop growth cycle is shifted to an earlier date, the more normal seedling of first rice crop yield is omited There is volume increase;Ratooning rice is cultivated using the rice stubble of first rice crop after first rice crop harvest, avoids and re-starts nursery, site preparation, rice transplanting Step has saved time and cost of labor, takes full advantage of natural resources, yield relatively one season rice of plantation volume increase 30%~50%, effect Benefit is very significant.
3, Chinese milk vetch and rice crop rotation are planted, and are reduced the vacancy rate in soil, are improved natural resource utilizing rate, simultaneously also It can be reduced the application of chemical fertilizer and the content of soil with organic matter can be improved.And plant Chinese milk vetch again after cultivating ratooning rice, due to Ratooning rice leaf-area coefficient is smaller, and the growth sprouting of as Chinese milk vetch provides shading moisturizing condition appropriate, and there are also certain Sunlight is conducive to the growth of seedling.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention will be described in further detail.
The present invention provides a kind of semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological anniversary implantation methods, it the following steps are included:
Chinese milk vetch is planted for the first time: on October prior year, the middle ten days plantation Chinese milk vetch;
Site preparation is made compost: turned over when the current year, Chinese milk vetch entered flowering stage, dry harrowing soil, poured water, make compost it is laggard Row site preparation;
Cultivate first rice crop: on March in the current year, regeneration rice varieties progress head season of the middle ten days selection suitable for the area plantation of Henan south Rice seedling, and on April in the current year, the middle ten days by first rice crop shoot transplanting equipment to rice field after site preparation and fertilization, managed through water, fertilizer Cultivate first rice crop;Wherein, the regeneration rice varieties suitable for the area plantation of Henan south include two excellent 6326, richness two excellent No. 1, Yue You 9113, New two excellent 223, rich two excellent fragrant No. 1, it is special glutinous 2072, Sheng Tai excellent 018 or Anhui rice 199.
Cultivate ratooning rice: when first rice crop maturation, hand harvest or mechanical harvesting and height stay rice stubble;And after first rice crop harvesting It poured water in time, apply rush seed manure, cultivate ratooning rice through field management;
Second kind of plant Chinese milk vetch: in the ratooning rice maturity period, interplanting Chinese milk vetch.
Below by specific embodiment to semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological anniversary implantation methods of the present invention Farming business process timeline be described in detail.
Embodiment 1
Plant 30 mu of progress ratooning rices of paddy field and the purple cloud of one batch of rice in selection Xinyang Guangshan County dry measure used in former times mountain area in 2013 The English anniversary planting experiment, in addition stay 8 mu of winter slack fields only plant one season semilate rice compare.
Ratooning rice and the farming operations process of Chinese milk vetch anniversary planting experiment are as follows:
1, on October 5th, 2013 sows Chinese milk vetch in gathering in the paddy field after one batch of rice, and Chinese Milk Vetch Seeds dosage is every 2 kg of mu, and ditch, it carries out and encloses ditch and gutter, rice field forms " ten " font or " well " font ditch system, and gutter is preferably deep, Zhong Gou, waist Ditch can be slightly shallow, accomplishes that the straight bottom of ditch is flat, and water flow is unobstructed, becomes a fine day field and does not stay water, and rain not ponding.
2, on March 10th, 2014 is by " two excellent 6326 " kinds, which are regeneration rice varieties, is educated using carrying out first rice crop in a manner of dry rice seedling Seedling, the seedbed of the first rice crop should be selected in hidding and sunny side, cleanliness without any pollution, and irrigation and drainage, place convenient for management, Nian Qianqiu turns over anti- It turns up soil to freeze and shine.Fine preparing seedbed before broadcasting, applies according to the standard of 5 cubic metres/mu into the seedbed of the first rice crop it is abundant it is decomposed, By the organic fertilizer of harmless treatment;And bottom water is irrigated into the seedbed of the first rice crop prior to seeding, it is 150 according to application rate g/m2The seed to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally through vernalization is sprinkled on the seedbed of the first rice crop and is patted and is partly buried, and 1 cm dry ground is covered on surface again, button Good film is gradually divulged information hardening when first rice crop seedling growth has 21 heart of leaf.
3, Chinese milk vetch field is turned on April 5th, 2014, progress dry harrowing, chopping are sufficiently mixed it with soil after shining 2 days, so After pour water and make compost 7 days, and it is flat according to applying the compound fertilizer of 25 Kg per acre as base fertilizer and carrying out revolving broken harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil;By the institute in 1.33 ten thousand caves per acre State the rice shoot of first rice crop, the specification that seedling spacing is the cm of 15 cm × 30 carried out transplanting first rice crop rice shoot April 14, and keeps water Depth is 5 cm;
It transplants after the first rice crop rice shoot 7 days, applies urea according to the standard of 5 kg per acre and make tillering fertilizer;First rice crop tiller Phase uses alternation of wetting and drying management, i.e., is pouring water within 2~3 days after water consume is dry;Start dry field when average every 12 stem of cave or so, shines Moving back when light, field does not fall into foot to the first rice crop rice shoot leaf color is advisable;
Apply 10 kg of urea after rehydration per acre and make rush fertilizers for potted flowers, keep 10 cm foot water booting of the depth of water, about ears first 20 days often Mu imposes 5.5 kg of urea again and goes bail for fertilizers for potted flowers;
First rice crop full heading time, using alternation of wetting and drying management to maturation;Apply 15 kg per acre within 15~20 days after the neat fringe of first rice crop Urea, 5 kg potassium chloride make the budding fertilizer of ratooning rice.
4, August in 2014 stays the rice stubble of 50 cm high to gather in first rice crop on the 12nd, gathers in head rice immediately to the first rice crop rice It pours water in field, and apply per acre 10 kg of urea as ratooning rice seedling fertilizer;Keep field shallow water that ratooning rice is promoted to sprout, Booting sprays regulator in ratooning rice beginning ear period, wherein the regulator is dissolved by 2 g gibberellic acid and 150 g potassium dihydrogen phosphates It is obtained in 50 kg water.
5, plantation on October 15th, 2014 Chinese milk vetch guarantees that there is about 5 shoaling layer in field at this time, spreads dry kind of Chinese milk vetch per acre 2 Kg of son, the extra water layer in venting field on October 17, the emergence of Chinese milk vetch on October 24.
6, ratooning rice on November 10 harvest in 2014, other management are identical as traditional rice farming operations.
Compared with normal sowing dates in winter slack field and application 100% chemical fertilizer processing, this implantation methods is by sowing in advance, planting It plants Chinese milk vetch green manure and significantly improves rice yield, first rice crop has increased production 5% or so, and mu increases income 65 yuan;Preceding 15 are harvested in first rice crop It applies fertilizer respectively after it and harvest, together with the field management and harvest in regeneration season, need to increase input 150 yuan/mu or so altogether;It is regenerating Later period in season sows Chinese milk vetch, need to put into 20 yuan/mu altogether;Ratooning rice average product is 250 kg/ mus, increases income 650 yuan, Chinese milk vetch is fresh 1500 kg of grass, are equivalent to pure nitrogen level provided by 6 kg urea, and cost-saved 20 yuan or so.From the point of view of economic benefit, this kind Plant method with only plant one season rice Winter paddy field compared with, average mu increases income 565 yuan.
Embodiment 2
50 mu of the town the Zhou Dang progress ratooning rice of selection Xinyang Luoshan County in 2013 and Chinese milk vetch anniversary planting experiment, are in addition stayed 10 mu of winter slack fields only plant one season semilate rice compare.
Ratooning rice and the farming operations process of Chinese milk vetch anniversary planting experiment are as follows:
1, interplant Chinese milk vetch before ratooning rice is gathered on October 20th, 2013, November 5 harvest ratooning rice, Chinese milk vetch at this time 4 leaves are grown to.
2, on March 13rd, 2014 is regeneration rice varieties using carrying out first rice crop seedling in a manner of dry rice seedling by " Yue You 9113 ", The seedbed of the first rice crop should be selected in hidding and sunny side, cleanliness without any pollution, irrigation and drainage, place convenient for management, and Nian Qianqiu turns over anti-upturned soil Freeze and shines.Fine preparing seedbed before broadcasting applies sufficiently decomposed, warp according to the standard of 5 cubic metres/mu into the seedbed of the first rice crop Cross the organic fertilizer of harmless treatment;And bottom water is irrigated into the seedbed of the first rice crop prior to seeding, it is 150 according to application rate g/m2The seed to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally through vernalization is sprinkled on the seedbed of the first rice crop and is patted and is partly buried, and 1 cm dry ground is covered on surface again, button Good film is gradually divulged information hardening when first rice crop seedling growth has 21 heart of leaf.
3, Chinese milk vetch field is turned on April 7th, 2014, progress dry harrowing, chopping are sufficiently mixed it with soil after shining 1 day, so After pour water and make compost 8 days, and it is flat according to applying the compound fertilizer of 25 kg per acre as base fertilizer and carrying out revolving broken harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil;By the seedling in 1.33 ten thousand caves per acre Seedling, the specification that seedling spacing is the cm of 15 cm × 30 carry out transplanting first rice crop rice shoot, and keeping the depth of water is 5 cm;
7 days after the first rice crop shoot transplanting equipment, spreads fertilizer over the fields herbicide and apply urea according to the standard of 5 kg per acre and make tiller Fertilizer;First rice crop tillering stage uses alternation of wetting and drying management, i.e., is pouring water within 2~3 days after water consume is dry;Average every 12 stem of cave or so When start dry field, shining to the first rice crop rice shoot leaf color to move back when light, field does not fall into foot is advisable;
Apply 10 kg of urea after rehydration per acre and make rush fertilizers for potted flowers, keep 15 cm foot water booting of the depth of water, about ears first 20 days often Mu imposes 5.5 kg of urea again and goes bail for fertilizers for potted flowers;
First rice crop full heading time, using alternation of wetting and drying management to maturation;Apply within 15 days after the neat fringe of first rice crop 10 kg urine per acre Element, 4kg potassium chloride make the budding fertilizer of ratooning rice.
4, August in 2014 stays the rice stubble of 50 cm high to gather in first rice crop on the 10th, pours water immediately in the harvesting of head rice, and carry out every Mu applies 10 kg of urea as ratooning rice seedling fertilizer;Keep field shallow water that ratooning rice is promoted to sprout, booting, in ratooning rice beginning fringe Phase sprays regulator, wherein the regulator is dissolved in 50 Kg water by 2 grams of gibberellic acid and 150 g potassium dihydrogen phosphates and is made 's.
5, plantation on October 10th, 2014 Chinese milk vetch, there is about 5 shoaling layer in field at this time, spreads Chinese milk vetch dry seeds per acre 2kg, the extra water layer in venting field on October 12.The emergence of Chinese milk vetch on October 17.
6, ratooning rice on November 05 harvest in 2014, other management are identical as traditional rice farming operations.
Compared with normal sowing dates in winter slack field and application 100% chemical fertilizer processing, this implantation methods is by sowing in advance, planting It plants Chinese milk vetch green manure and significantly improves rice yield, first rice crop has increased production 5.5% or so, and mu increases income 75 yuan;Before first rice crop harvest 15 days and harvest after apply fertilizer respectively, together with regeneration season field management and harvest, need to increase input 150 yuan/mu or so altogether;Again The raw later period in season sows Chinese milk vetch, need to put into 25 yuan/mu altogether;Ratooning rice average product is 240 kg/ mus, increases income 650 yuan, Chinese milk vetch 2000 Kg of fresh grass, is equivalent to pure nitrogen level provided by 8 Kg urea, and cost-saved 20 yuan or so.From the point of view of economic benefit, this Implantation methods with only plant one season rice Winter paddy field compared with, average mu increases income 500 yuan or so.
Finally it should be noted that: the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical scheme of the present invention and are not intended to be limiting thereof;To the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to preferred embodiments for pipe, it should be understood by those ordinary skilled in the art that: still It can modify to a specific embodiment of the invention or some technical features can be equivalently replaced;Without departing from this hair The spirit of bright technical solution should all cover within the scope of the technical scheme claimed by the invention.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological anniversary implantation methods, it the following steps are included:
Chinese milk vetch is planted for the first time: on October prior year, the middle ten days interplanting Chinese milk vetch, planting the rice field of Chinese milk vetch when first time When common rice field only to plant one batch of rice, the plantation Chinese milk vetch for the first time of progress in 3~10 days after rice harves;When for the first time When the rice field for planting Chinese milk vetch is the rice field of ratooning rice, progress in first 10~15 days should be harvested in ratooning rice and plant purple cloud for the first time English;
Site preparation is made compost: being carried out dry harrowing when Chinese milk vetch enters flowering stage, after being turned over, being shone 1~2 day to Chinese milk vetch rice field, is cut It is broken, be sufficiently mixed Chinese milk vetch with soil, then pour water into rice field and make compost 7~10 days, while according to 25 kg per acre~ 35 kg standards apply compound fertilizer as base fertilizer, and by field revolve it is broken, harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil put down, it is to be inserted;
Cultivate first rice crop: on March in the current year, the middle ten days, with Small plastic shed dry rice seedling or greenhouse protecting field seedling raising method to first rice crop Carry out seedling;Wherein, the Small plastic shed medium for dry breeding of seedling bed selects hidding and sunny side, cleanliness without any pollution, irrigation and drainage, ground convenient for management Side, autumn turn over anti-upturned soil and freeze solarization, fine whole seedbed, bottom water are irrigated before sowing, with 100 g/m2~150 g/m2Application rate on seedbed The seed of the regeneration rice varieties to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally through vernalization is sprinkled, and pats and partly buries, surface is covered the cm of 0.5 cm~1 dry ground again and buckled well Film, gradually ventilation carries out hardening after rice shoot grows up to 2 leaf, 1 heart;Greenhouse method of raising seedling seedbed prior to seeding site preparation in 7 days, apply Fertilizer does furrow, and mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil 45% 50 kg of compound fertilizer~75kg, the wide 1.4~1.5m of furrow;
On April in the current year, the middle ten days by the first rice crop rice shoot in 1~1.5 ten thousand caves per acre, carry out transplanting seedlings and keep the depth of water to be 3 The cm of cm~5 is with benefit living;It transplants after first rice crop rice shoot in 5~7 days, applies the urea kg of 5 kg~7.5 per acre as tillering fertilizer, Spraying herbicide simultaneously;
First rice crop tillering stage carries out pouring water to Tanaka for 2~3 days again using alternation of wetting and drying management after water consume is dry;First rice crop seedling Seedling carries out dry field processing after reaching seedling, shines to first rice crop rice shoot leaf color and moves back the not sunken foot in light, field;
The 3.5 leaf phase of first rice crop keeps the depth of water cm of 10 cm~15 in field to carry out sufficient water booting, and applies 8 kg~10 of urea per acre Kg makees rush fertilizers for potted flowers;In the 1.5 leaf phase, the urea kg of 2 kg~5.5 is imposed again per acre as guarantor's fertilizers for potted flowers;
The first rice crop pustulation period, using alternation of wetting and drying management to maturation, and 15~20 days after the neat fringe of first rice crop apply 10 kg per acre Budding fertilizer of the potassium chloride as ratooning rice of~15 kg urea, 5 kg;
It cultivates ratooning rice: being gathered in 3 days in first rice crop, pour water into the rice field after harvesting first rice crop apply urea 7.5 per acre in time The kg of kg~10 keeps alternation of wetting and drying to ratooning rice to ear as ratooning rice seedling fertilizer;In ratooning rice beginning ear period, it is sprayed Chemical regulator achievees the purpose that release packet neck with sharp neat fringe;In the ratooning rice pustulation period, using alternation of wetting and drying management to ratooning rice It is mature;Wherein, the regeneration rice varieties suitable for the plantation of Henan south rice region include new two excellent 223, rich two excellent fragrant No. 1, special glutinous 2072, Sheng Tai Excellent 018;
Second kind of plant Chinese milk vetch: Chinese milk vetch is interplanted before ratooning rice is mature.
2. semilate rice ratooning rice Chinese milk vetch efficient ecological anniversary implantation methods according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described The step of plantation Chinese milk vetch includes: in early and middle ten days in October prior year, with application rate per acre for the kg standard of 2 kg~2.5 for the first time Set plantation Chinese milk vetch is abundant to Chinese Milk Vetch Seeds if soil moisture content deficiency in field need to be soaked in water Chinese Milk Vetch Seeds 1~2 day when sowing Draining is carried out to Chinese Milk Vetch Seeds after water suction and falls dry-cure.
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CN106900439A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-06-30 和县瑞祥水稻种植专业合作社 A kind of paddy rice planting method of good quality and high output
CN107047001B (en) * 2017-04-19 2020-03-31 和县瑞祥水稻种植专业合作社 Planting method for efficient rice-tomato rotation
CN107494086B (en) * 2017-08-08 2020-07-28 广西柳城县绿之缘生态农业科技有限公司 Ecological planting method for rice
CN107439183B (en) * 2017-08-08 2020-07-28 广西柳城县绿之缘生态农业科技有限公司 Land improvement method
CN107821074A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-03-23 平顶山市农业科学院 A kind of implantation methods for shortening leek breeding time
CN108738454A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-11-06 华中农业大学 A kind of improvement of soil fertility integrated approach reducing ratooning rice rice field greenhouse gas emission
CN109005753A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-18 湖南泰谷生态工程有限公司 A kind of preventing control method of sweet potato root rot and its application
CN109122138A (en) * 2018-08-09 2019-01-04 福建省农业科学院生物技术研究所 A kind of method for directly seeding rice based on glyphosate tolerant
CN109169122A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-01-11 湖南山水道生态文化发展有限公司 The implantation methods of Chinese milk vetch
CN110178666A (en) * 2019-04-04 2019-08-30 云南省农业技术推广总站 A kind of perennial rice Wintering Period improves the cultural method of rice stub survival rate by interplanting crops

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CN102301879A (en) * 2011-07-10 2012-01-04 池州市梅里生态米业有限公司 Cultivation method of organic selenium-enriched rice
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