CN103250553B - Method for cultivating healthcare mushroom by aid of bagged lily materials - Google Patents

Method for cultivating healthcare mushroom by aid of bagged lily materials Download PDF

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CN103250553B
CN103250553B CN201310131137.6A CN201310131137A CN103250553B CN 103250553 B CN103250553 B CN 103250553B CN 201310131137 A CN201310131137 A CN 201310131137A CN 103250553 B CN103250553 B CN 103250553B
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mushroom
lily
bag
cultivating
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CN103250553A (en
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黄家七
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Bengbu HRABERO Intellectual Property Service Co. Ltd.
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DONGZHI LINYE ECOLOGICAL PLANT CENTER
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for cultivating healthcare mushroom by the aid of bagged lily materials. Cultivation media of the healthcare mushroom comprise, by weight, 50-60 parts of cotton stalk crumbs, 10-15 parts of potato residues, 5-8 parts of distilled grains, 3-5 parts of corn flour, 6-8 parts of bran, 8-10 parts of soybean cakes, 1-2 parts of gypsum powder, 1-3 parts of magnolia barks, 0.5-1 part of polygonatum odoratum, 1-1.5 parts of puff-ball, 1-1.5 parts of licorice, 1-1.5 parts of phyllanthus emblica, 1-1.5 parts of lily, 1-2 parts of mango stone powder, 1-3 parts of quicklime, 0.3-0.5 part of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1-2 parts of zeolite powder, 1-2 parts of silkworm excrement and 14-16 parts of bone broth. The method includes proportionally mixing various components; adding water into the mixed components to uniformly mix the water with the components to obtain mixtures; bagging the mixtures; sterilizing the bagged mixtures; inoculating the mushroom; performing spawn running in a spawn running room; supplementing nutrient solution; and fruiting. The method has the advantages that the mushroom cultivated by the method is nutrient-rich, is high in trace element, vitamin and calcium content, further has a healthcare function of the bagged lily materials, is high in infection resistance during fruiting and is high in yield.

Description

A kind of cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom
Technical field
The present invention relates to fungus growing technique, be specifically related to a kind of cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom.
Background technology
Along with the development of society, the edible mushroom of conventional method cultivation, not at the health care demand that can meet the modern pursuing healthy tonic, the invention provides a kind of cultivation method of health functional edible mushroom, to meet the demand in market.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom.The mushroom that the inventive method cultivates contains outside the original whole nutrition of common mushroom, increases again lily Bag Material composition, long-term edible effect that can play enhancing immunity of organisms and lily Bag Material.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows for achieving the above object:
A cultivation method for lily Bag Material health care mushroom, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) following component raw material is taken by weight:
Cotton stalk bits 50-60, potato residues 10-15, vinasse 5-8, corn flour 3-5, wheat bran 6-8, soya-bean cake 8-10, land plaster 1-2, magnolia 1-3, radix polygonati officinalis 0.5-1, Lasiosphaera fenzlii 1-1.5 ,radix Glycyrrhizae 1-1.5, emblic 1-1.5, lily 1-1.5, mango core powder 1-2, quicklime 1-3, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.3-0.5, zeolite powder 1-2, silkworm excrement 1-2, bone soup 14-16,
(2) after cotton stalk bits being put into and soaking 9-10 hour in the limewash of 2-4%, pull out, drain, quicklime is added bone soup fully to stir simultaneously, potassium dihydrogen phosphate is soluble in water, finally by admixed together for all raw materials, adding suitable quantity of water, fully mix, obtain composts or fertilisers of cultivating, the water content of composts or fertilisers of cultivating is 58-64%;
(3) pack: the composts or fertilisers of cultivating mixed is loaded edible mushroom bag, every bag heavy 1.95-2.15kg;
(4) sterilizing: 100-104 DEG C under atmospheric steam, sterilizing 12-13 hour;
(5) inoculate: after sterilizing terminates, when charge bar temperature is reduced to about 30 DEG C, inoculate rapidly;
(6) fruiting
A, stacking: bacterium is sent out in the bacterium room of sending out that ventilation put into by postvaccinal bacterium cylinder;
B, acanthopore: about 16 days after inoculation, when inoculating mycelia loop diameter and reaching 5-6 centimetre, by the sharp instruments of the diameter of sterilizing at 1-2 millimeter, at end surrounding thorn 4-5 micro-shallow bore hole that culture bag mycelia has spread, hole depth 2-3 person of outstanding talent rice, injects 10ml nutrient solution with needle tubing simultaneously in each hole;
C, urge flower bud: manual method creates the temperature difference to urge bacterium, and daytime closely covers mushroom wood film, raising mushroom bed tempertaure, raise film when nocturnal temperature is minimum and reduce mushroom bed tempertaure, repeatedly operate 3-4 days, form mushroom flower bud, ensure that mushroom wood moisture is about 40%, the whole fruiting time is 85-90 days
Described nutrient solution is formulated by following component, and the quality (g) of adding following component in often liter is: Na 2seO 30.01, ZnSO 35, ferrous sulfate 5, vitamin B1 0.01-0.02, vitamin B2 0.01-0.02, vitamin B6 0.01-0.02, vitamin C 0.1-0.2, surplus is water.
The lily Bag Material health care mushroom that the cultivation method of described lily Bag Material health care mushroom goes out.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Nutrition required for mushroom growth, in the planting material of mushroom by bone soup by mixing with other raw material after lime sterilization, add the calcium content of mushroom; In convenient source, with the addition of health-care Chinese herbal medicinal powder when preparing burden simultaneously, further increasing the health care of mushroom; Add zeolite powder in batching, silkworm excrement serves and absorb the effect of heavy metal ion, also play water retention, the mushroom cultivated is more healthy; By Additional nutrient solution in fruiting process, add the trace element of mushroom and the content of vitamin; Add appropriate land plaster in raw material, improve the disease-resistant of mushroom and anti-miscellaneous bacteria infection ability; In the process of preparation lily Bag Material health care mushroom of the present invention, to adopting 100 degrees Celsius of steam to continue tens hours normal-pressure sterilizations, effectively killing rate miscellaneous bacteria and virus in planting material, ensure that mushroom healthy growth.
In a word: the mushroom that the inventive method cultivates is nutritious, trace element and vitamin, calcium content high, also there is lily Bag Material health care.And anti-infection ability is strong during mushroom fruiting, mushroom production is high.
Embodiment
A cultivation method for lily Bag Material health care mushroom, comprises the following steps:
(1) by weight (kg) takes following component raw material:
Cotton stalk bits 60, potato residues 10, vinasse 6, corn flour 4, wheat bran 7, soya-bean cake 9, land plaster 2, magnolia 3, radix polygonati officinalis 0.8, Lasiosphaera fenzlii 1, Radix Glycyrrhizae 1, emblic 1.5, lily 1.5, mango core powder 1, quicklime 2, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.4, zeolite powder 2, silkworm excrement 1, bone soup 15
(2) after cotton stalk bits being put into and soaking 9-10 hour in the limewash of 2-4%, pull out, drain, quicklime is added bone soup fully to stir simultaneously, potassium dihydrogen phosphate is soluble in water, finally by admixed together for all raw materials, adding suitable quantity of water, fully mix, obtain composts or fertilisers of cultivating, the water content of composts or fertilisers of cultivating is 60%;
(3) pack: the composts or fertilisers of cultivating mixed is loaded edible mushroom bag, every bag heavy 2kg;
(4) sterilizing: 100-104 DEG C under atmospheric steam, sterilizing 12-13 hour;
(5) inoculate: after sterilizing terminates, when charge bar temperature is reduced to about 30 DEG C, inoculate rapidly;
(6) fruiting
A, stacking: bacterium is sent out in the bacterium room of sending out that ventilation put into by postvaccinal bacterium cylinder;
B, acanthopore: about 16 days after inoculation, when inoculating mycelia loop diameter and reaching 5-6 centimetre, by the sharp instruments of the diameter of sterilizing at 1-2 millimeter, at end surrounding thorn 4-5 micro-shallow bore hole that culture bag mycelia has spread, hole depth 2-3 person of outstanding talent rice, injects 10ml nutrient solution with needle tubing simultaneously in each hole;
C, urge flower bud: manual method creates the temperature difference to urge bacterium, and daytime closely covers mushroom wood film, raising mushroom bed tempertaure, raise film when nocturnal temperature is minimum and reduce mushroom bed tempertaure, repeatedly operate 3-4 days, form mushroom flower bud, ensure that mushroom wood moisture is about 40%, the whole fruiting time is 85-90 days
Described nutrient solution is formulated by following component, and the quality (g) of adding following component in often liter is: Na 2seO 30.01, ZnSO 35, ferrous sulfate 5, vitamin B1 0.01-0.02, vitamin B2 0.01-0.02, vitamin B6 0.01-0.02, vitamin C 0.1-0.2, surplus is water.
experimental data
See the following form with the mushroom comparative result that cultivation method and the existing cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom of the present invention go out.
Item compared Every kg cultivation base fruiting amount (kg) Shape of mushroom Regeneration capacity is strong and weak Turn stubble speed
The cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom of the present invention 0.88 Shade is consistent, and thickness is even By force Hurry up
The cultivation method of existing mushroom 0.56 Shade is uneven, and thickness is irregular Weak Slowly
Can draw from table: the mushroom that the inventive method cultivates, through experimental cultivation, the cultivation method results mushroom amount of per kilogram lily Bag Material health care mushroom, than existing cultivation base volume increase nearly a times, and the solid colour of mushroom, thickness is even, quality is high, and regeneration capacity is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. a cultivation method for lily Bag Material mushroom, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) following component raw material is taken by weight
Cotton stalk bits 50-60, potato residues 10-15, vinasse 5-8, corn flour 3-5, wheat bran 6-8, soya-bean cake 8-10, land plaster 1-2, magnolia 1-3, radix polygonati officinalis 0.5-1 ,lasiosphaera fenzlii 1-1.5 ,radix Glycyrrhizae 1-1.5, emblic 1-1.5 ,lily 1-1.5, mango core powder 1-2, quicklime 1-3, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.3-0.5, zeolite powder 1-2, silkworm excrement 1-2, bone soup 14-16,
(2) after cotton stalk bits being put into and soaking 9-10 hour in the limewash of 2-4%, pull out, drain, quicklime is added bone soup fully to stir simultaneously, potassium dihydrogen phosphate is soluble in water, finally by admixed together for all raw materials, add suitable quantity of water again, fully mix, obtain composts or fertilisers of cultivating, the water content of composts or fertilisers of cultivating is 58-64%;
(3) pack: the composts or fertilisers of cultivating mixed is loaded edible mushroom bag, every bag heavy 1.95-2.15kg;
(4) sterilizing: 100-104 DEG C under atmospheric steam, sterilizing 12-13 hour;
(5) inoculate: after sterilizing terminates, when charge bar temperature is reduced to about 30 DEG C, inoculate rapidly;
(6) fruiting
A, stacking: bacterium is sent out in the bacterium room of sending out that ventilation put into by postvaccinal bacterium cylinder;
B, acanthopore: about 16 days after inoculation, when inoculating mycelia loop diameter and reaching 5-6 centimetre, by the sharp instruments of the diameter of sterilizing at 1-2 millimeter, at end surrounding thorn 4-5 micro-shallow bore hole that culture bag mycelia has spread, hole depth 2-3 millimeter, injects 10ml nutrient solution with needle tubing simultaneously in each hole;
C, urge flower bud: manual method creates the temperature difference to urge bacterium, and daytime closely covers mushroom wood film, raising mushroom bed tempertaure, raise film when nocturnal temperature is minimum and reduce mushroom bed tempertaure, repeatedly operate 3-4 days, form mushroom flower bud, ensure that mushroom wood moisture is about 40%, the whole fruiting time is 85-90 days
Described nutrient solution is formulated by following component, and the quality of adding following component in often liter is counted with unit g: Na 2seO 30.01, ZnSO 35, ferrous sulfate 5, Cobastab 10.01-0.02, Cobastab 20.01-0.02, Cobastab 60.01-0.02, vitamin C 0.1-0.2, surplus is water.
2. the lily Bag Material health care mushroom that goes out of the cultivation method of lily Bag Material mushroom as claimed in claim 1.
CN201310131137.6A 2013-04-16 2013-04-16 Method for cultivating healthcare mushroom by aid of bagged lily materials Active CN103250553B (en)

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CN103539570A (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-01-29 合肥市财锦食品有限公司 Flammulina-velutipes cultivating material containing bone soup and preparation method thereof
CN103724078A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Lentinula edodes cultivation material usedusing bamboo shoot shell as raw material and preparation method of lentinula edodes cultivation material
CN103724080A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Melon-seed-skin-containing shiitake cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN103724114B (en) * 2013-12-12 2016-06-08 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 A kind of orange branches is Mushroom cultivation material and its preparation method of raw material
CN103739356B (en) * 2013-12-12 2016-05-25 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 A kind of cotton stalk is cultivating champignon material of raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104016737A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-09-03 广西地源之本肥业有限公司 Organic fertilizer additive and preparation method
CN104130055B (en) * 2014-07-16 2016-04-06 福建农林大学 The beautiful gill fungus substratum of a kind of cheap spot
CN104557258A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-04-29 甘肃正阳食品有限公司 Method for preparing edible mushroom culture medium from potato residue
CN109122021A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-01-04 安徽农耕年华农业发展有限公司 A kind of mushroom cultivating method
CN109197376A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-15 贵州好菇粮农业科技有限公司 A kind of mushroom cultivating method
CN110036826A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-07-23 海南达川食品有限公司 It is a kind of using mango core as the cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix and preparation method of major ingredient

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Address before: 247200, Anhui Province, Chizhou Province East County town of incense corner Village

Patentee before: Dongzhi Linye Ecological Plant Center