CN103250553A - Method for cultivating healthcare mushroom by aid of bagged lily materials - Google Patents

Method for cultivating healthcare mushroom by aid of bagged lily materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103250553A
CN103250553A CN2013101311376A CN201310131137A CN103250553A CN 103250553 A CN103250553 A CN 103250553A CN 2013101311376 A CN2013101311376 A CN 2013101311376A CN 201310131137 A CN201310131137 A CN 201310131137A CN 103250553 A CN103250553 A CN 103250553A
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mushroom
lily
bag
cultivating
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CN2013101311376A
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CN103250553B (en
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黄家七
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Bengbu HRABERO Intellectual Property Service Co. Ltd.
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DONGZHI LINYE ECOLOGICAL PLANT CENTER
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for cultivating healthcare mushroom by the aid of bagged lily materials. Cultivation media of the healthcare mushroom comprise, by weight, 50-60 parts of cotton stalk crumbs, 10-15 parts of potato residues, 5-8 parts of distilled grains, 3-5 parts of corn flour, 6-8 parts of bran, 8-10 parts of soybean cakes, 1-2 parts of gypsum powder, 1-3 parts of magnolia barks, 0.5-1 part of polygonatum odoratum, 1-1.5 parts of puff-ball, 1-1.5 parts of licorice, 1-1.5 parts of phyllanthus emblica, 1-1.5 parts of lily, 1-2 parts of mango stone powder, 1-3 parts of quicklime, 0.3-0.5 part of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1-2 parts of zeolite powder, 1-2 parts of silkworm excrement and 14-16 parts of bone broth. The method includes proportionally mixing various components; adding water into the mixed components to uniformly mix the water with the components to obtain mixtures; bagging the mixtures; sterilizing the bagged mixtures; inoculating the mushroom; performing spawn running in a spawn running room; supplementing nutrient solution; and fruiting. The method has the advantages that the mushroom cultivated by the method is nutrient-rich, is high in trace element, vitamin and calcium content, further has a healthcare function of the bagged lily materials, is high in infection resistance during fruiting and is high in yield.

Description

A kind of cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom
Technical field
The present invention relates to fungus growing technique, be specifically related to a kind of cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom.
Background technology
Along with the development of society, the edible mushroom of conventional method cultivation not at the health care demand that can satisfy the modern who pursues healthy tonic, the invention provides a kind of cultivation method of health functional edible mushroom, to satisfy the demand in market.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom.The mushroom that the inventive method cultivates contains outside the original whole nutrition of common mushroom, increases lily Bag Material composition again, the long-term edible effect that can play enhancing immunity of organisms and lily Bag Material.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows for achieving the above object:
A kind of cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) take by weighing following component raw material by weight:
Cotton stalk bits 50-60, potato residues 10-15, vinasse 5-8, corn flour 3-5, wheat bran 6-8, soya-bean cake 8-10, land plaster 1-2, magnolia 1-3, radix polygonati officinalis 0.5-1, Lasiosphaera fenzlii 1-1.5 ,Radix Glycyrrhizae 1-1.5, emblic 1-1.5, lily 1-1.5, mango core powder 1-2, quicklime 1-3, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.3-0.5, zeolite powder 1-2, silkworm excrement 1-2, bone soup 14-16,
(2) cotton stalk bits are put in the limewash of 2-4% and soak after 9-10 hour, pull out, drain, simultaneously quicklime is added bone soup and fully stir, potassium dihydrogen phosphate is soluble in water, at last that all raw materials are admixed together, adding suitable quantity of water, fully mix, obtain composts or fertilisers of cultivating, the water content of composts or fertilisers of cultivating is 58-64%;
(3) pack: the composts or fertilisers of cultivating that will the mix edible mushroom bag of packing into, every bag heavy 1.95-2.15kg;
(4) sterilization: under atmospheric steam 100-104 ℃, sterilized 12-13 hour;
(5) inoculation: after sterilization finishes, when the charge bar temperature is reduced to 30 ℃ of left and right sides, inoculation rapidly;
(6) fruiting
A, stacking: postvaccinal bacterium tube is put into the bacterium chamber of sending out of ventilation and is sent out bacterium;
B, acanthopore: in inoculation back about 16 days, when inoculation mycelia loop diameter reaches 5-6 centimetre, with the sharp instruments of the diameter of sterilizing at the 1-2 millimeter, around the end that the culture bag mycelia has spread, sting 4-5 little shallow bore hole, hole depth 2-3 person of outstanding talent rice is injected the 10ml nutrient solution with needle tubing simultaneously in each hole;
C, urge flower bud: manual method is created the temperature difference and is urged bacterium, and closely cover mushroom wood with film daytime, improves the mushroom bed tempertaure, raise film when nocturnal temperature is minimum and reduce the mushroom bed tempertaure, repeatable operation 3-4 days, form the mushroom flower bud, guarantee that mushroom wood moisture is about 40%, the whole fruiting time is 85-90 days
Described nutrient solution is formulated by following component, and the quality (g) of adding following component in every liter is: Na 2SeO 30.01, ZnSO 35, ferrous sulfate 5, vitamin B1 0.01-0.02, vitamin B2 0.01-0.02, vitamin B6 0.01-0.02, vitamin C 0.1-0.2, surplus is water.
The lily Bag Material health care mushroom that the cultivation method of described lily Bag Material health care mushroom cultivates.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
According to the needed nutrition of mushroom growth, in the cultivation material of mushroom, bone soup is mixed with other raw material by after the lime sterilization, increased the calcium content of mushroom; When batching, in conventional raw material, add the health care Chinese herbal medicine powder simultaneously, further improved the health care of mushroom; Increased zeolite powder, silkworm excrement in the batching and played the effect that absorbs heavy metal ion, also played water retention, the mushroom that cultivates is more healthy; In the fruiting process, by extra-nutrition liquid, the trace element of mushroom and the content of vitamin have been increased; Add an amount of land plaster in the raw material, improved the disease-resistant and anti-microbial contamination ability of mushroom; In the process of preparation lily Bag Material health care of the present invention mushroom, to adopting 100 degrees centigrade of steam to continue tens hours normal-pressure sterilizations at the cultivation material, the assorted bacterium of killing rate and virus have guaranteed the mushroom healthy growth effectively.
In a word: the mushroom that the inventive method cultivates is nutritious, and the content height of trace element and vitamin, calcium also has lily Bag Material health care.And anti-infection ability is strong during the mushroom fruiting, the mushroom production height.
Embodiment
A kind of cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom may further comprise the steps:
(1) by weight (kg) takes by weighing following component raw material:
Cotton stalk bits 60, potato residues 10, vinasse 6, corn flour 4, wheat bran 7, soya-bean cake 9, land plaster 2, magnolia 3, radix polygonati officinalis 0.8, Lasiosphaera fenzlii 1, Radix Glycyrrhizae 1, emblic 1.5, lily 1.5, mango core powder 1, quicklime 2, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.4, zeolite powder 2, silkworm excrement 1, bone soup 15
(2) cotton stalk bits are put in the limewash of 2-4% and soak after 9-10 hour, pull out, drain, simultaneously quicklime is added bone soup and fully stir, potassium dihydrogen phosphate is soluble in water, at last that all raw materials are admixed together, adding suitable quantity of water, fully mix, obtain composts or fertilisers of cultivating, the water content of composts or fertilisers of cultivating is 60%;
(3) pack: the composts or fertilisers of cultivating that will the mix edible mushroom bag of packing into, every bag heavy 2kg;
(4) sterilization: under atmospheric steam 100-104 ℃, sterilized 12-13 hour;
(5) inoculation: after sterilization finishes, when the charge bar temperature is reduced to 30 ℃ of left and right sides, inoculation rapidly;
(6) fruiting
A, stacking: postvaccinal bacterium tube is put into the bacterium chamber of sending out of ventilation and is sent out bacterium;
B, acanthopore: in inoculation back about 16 days, when inoculation mycelia loop diameter reaches 5-6 centimetre, with the sharp instruments of the diameter of sterilizing at the 1-2 millimeter, around the end that the culture bag mycelia has spread, sting 4-5 little shallow bore hole, hole depth 2-3 person of outstanding talent rice is injected the 10ml nutrient solution with needle tubing simultaneously in each hole;
C, urge flower bud: manual method is created the temperature difference and is urged bacterium, and closely cover mushroom wood with film daytime, improves the mushroom bed tempertaure, raise film when nocturnal temperature is minimum and reduce the mushroom bed tempertaure, repeatable operation 3-4 days, form the mushroom flower bud, guarantee that mushroom wood moisture is about 40%, the whole fruiting time is 85-90 days
Described nutrient solution is formulated by following component, and the quality (g) of adding following component in every liter is: Na 2SeO 30.01, ZnSO 35, ferrous sulfate 5, vitamin B1 0.01-0.02, vitamin B2 0.01-0.02, vitamin B6 0.01-0.02, vitamin C 0.1-0.2, surplus is water.
Experimental data
See the following form with the cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom of the present invention and the mushroom comparative result that existing cultivation method cultivates.
Item compared Every kg cultivates basic fruiting amount (kg) Shape of mushroom The regeneration capacity power Change the stubble speed
The cultivation method of lily Bag Material health care mushroom of the present invention ? 0.88 The shade unanimity, thickness is even By force Hurry up
The cultivation method of existing mushroom 0.56 The shade inequality, thickness is irregular A little less than Slowly
From table, can draw: the mushroom that the inventive method cultivates, through the overtesting plantation, the cultivation method results mushroom amount of per kilogram lily Bag Material health care mushroom, than nearly one times of existing cultivation base volume increase, and the solid colour of mushroom, thickness is even, the quality height, regeneration capacity is strong, and it is fast to change stubble.

Claims (2)

1. the cultivation method of a lily Bag Material mushroom is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) takes by weighing following component raw material by weight
Cotton stalk bits 50-60, potato residues 10-15, vinasse 5-8, corn flour 3-5, wheat bran 6-8, soya-bean cake 8-10, land plaster 1-2, magnolia 1-3, radix polygonati officinalis 0.5-1, Lasiosphaera fenzlii 1-1.5 ,Radix Glycyrrhizae 1-1.5, emblic 1-1.5, lily 1-1.5, mango core powder 1-2, quicklime 1-3, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.3-0.5, zeolite powder 1-2, silkworm excrement 1-2, bone soup 14-16,
(2) cotton stalk bits are put in the limewash of 2-4% and soak after 9-10 hour, pull out, drain, simultaneously quicklime is added bone soup and fully stir, potassium dihydrogen phosphate is soluble in water, at last that all raw materials are admixed together, adding suitable quantity of water, fully mix, obtain composts or fertilisers of cultivating, the water content of composts or fertilisers of cultivating is 58-64%;
(3) pack: the composts or fertilisers of cultivating that will the mix edible mushroom bag of packing into, every bag heavy 1.95-2.15kg;
(4) sterilization: under atmospheric steam 100-104 ℃, sterilized 12-13 hour;
(5) inoculation: after sterilization finishes, when the charge bar temperature is reduced to 30 ℃ of left and right sides, inoculation rapidly;
(6) fruiting
A, stacking: postvaccinal bacterium tube is put into the bacterium chamber of sending out of ventilation and is sent out bacterium;
B, acanthopore: in inoculation back about 16 days, when inoculation mycelia loop diameter reaches 5-6 centimetre, with the sharp instruments of the diameter of sterilizing at the 1-2 millimeter, around the end that the culture bag mycelia has spread, sting 4-5 little shallow bore hole, hole depth 2-3 person of outstanding talent rice is injected the 10ml nutrient solution with needle tubing simultaneously in each hole;
C, urge flower bud: manual method is created the temperature difference and is urged bacterium, and closely cover mushroom wood with film daytime, improves the mushroom bed tempertaure, raise film when nocturnal temperature is minimum and reduce the mushroom bed tempertaure, repeatable operation 3-4 days, form the mushroom flower bud, guarantee that mushroom wood moisture is about 40%, the whole fruiting time is 85-90 days
Described nutrient solution is formulated by following component, and the quality (g) of adding following component in every liter is: Na 2SeO 30.01, ZnSO 35, ferrous sulfate 5, vitamin B1 0.01-0.02, vitamin B2 0.01-0.02, vitamin B6 0.01-0.02, vitamin C 0.1-0.2, surplus is water.
2. the lily Bag Material health care mushroom that cultivates of the cultivation method of lily Bag Material as claimed in claim 1 health care mushroom.
CN201310131137.6A 2013-04-16 2013-04-16 Method for cultivating healthcare mushroom by aid of bagged lily materials Active CN103250553B (en)

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Cited By (11)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103539570A (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-01-29 合肥市财锦食品有限公司 Flammulina-velutipes cultivating material containing bone soup and preparation method thereof
CN103724080A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Melon-seed-skin-containing shiitake cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN103724078A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Lentinula edodes cultivation material usedusing bamboo shoot shell as raw material and preparation method of lentinula edodes cultivation material
CN103724114A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Shiitake cultivation material using orange branches as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN103739356A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-23 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Lentinus edodes cultivation material prepared by taking cotton straws as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104016737A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-09-03 广西地源之本肥业有限公司 Organic fertilizer additive and preparation method
CN104130055A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-11-05 福建农林大学 Cheap hypsizigus marmoreus culture medium
CN104557258A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-04-29 甘肃正阳食品有限公司 Method for preparing edible mushroom culture medium from potato residue
CN109122021A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-01-04 安徽农耕年华农业发展有限公司 A kind of mushroom cultivating method
CN109197376A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-15 贵州好菇粮农业科技有限公司 A kind of mushroom cultivating method
CN110036826A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-07-23 海南达川食品有限公司 It is a kind of using mango core as the cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix and preparation method of major ingredient

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103539570A (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-01-29 合肥市财锦食品有限公司 Flammulina-velutipes cultivating material containing bone soup and preparation method thereof
CN103724114B (en) * 2013-12-12 2016-06-08 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 A kind of orange branches is Mushroom cultivation material and its preparation method of raw material
CN103724078A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Lentinula edodes cultivation material usedusing bamboo shoot shell as raw material and preparation method of lentinula edodes cultivation material
CN103724114A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Shiitake cultivation material using orange branches as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN103739356A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-23 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Lentinus edodes cultivation material prepared by taking cotton straws as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN103724080A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Melon-seed-skin-containing shiitake cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN103739356B (en) * 2013-12-12 2016-05-25 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 A kind of cotton stalk is cultivating champignon material of raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104016737A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-09-03 广西地源之本肥业有限公司 Organic fertilizer additive and preparation method
CN104130055A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-11-05 福建农林大学 Cheap hypsizigus marmoreus culture medium
CN104130055B (en) * 2014-07-16 2016-04-06 福建农林大学 The beautiful gill fungus substratum of a kind of cheap spot
CN104557258A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-04-29 甘肃正阳食品有限公司 Method for preparing edible mushroom culture medium from potato residue
CN109122021A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-01-04 安徽农耕年华农业发展有限公司 A kind of mushroom cultivating method
CN109197376A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-15 贵州好菇粮农业科技有限公司 A kind of mushroom cultivating method
CN110036826A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-07-23 海南达川食品有限公司 It is a kind of using mango core as the cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix and preparation method of major ingredient

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