CN104663247A - Method for utilizing mulberry branch powder to cultivate agrocybe cylindracea - Google Patents

Method for utilizing mulberry branch powder to cultivate agrocybe cylindracea Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104663247A
CN104663247A CN201510106943.7A CN201510106943A CN104663247A CN 104663247 A CN104663247 A CN 104663247A CN 201510106943 A CN201510106943 A CN 201510106943A CN 104663247 A CN104663247 A CN 104663247A
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China
Prior art keywords
percent
ramulus mori
agrocybe
mushroom
days
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Pending
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CN201510106943.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘家宽
梁晓妮
覃稳梅
雷军强
龙福全
黄顺忠
莫奇华
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XIANGZHOU COUNTY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BUREAU
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XIANGZHOU COUNTY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BUREAU
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Priority to CN201510106943.7A priority Critical patent/CN104663247A/en
Publication of CN104663247A publication Critical patent/CN104663247A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • C05D3/02Calcareous fertilisers from limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium hydrate, slaked lime, calcium oxide, waste calcium products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/50Treatments combining two or more different biological or biochemical treatments, e.g. anaerobic and aerobic treatment or vermicomposting and aerobic treatment

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for utilizing mulberry branch powder to cultivate agrocybe cylindracea. The method comprises the following steps of processing mulberry branches, preparing culture medium, bagging, sterilizing and inoculating, spawn running management, fruiting managing and harvesting, and is characterized in that the matching ratio of raw material components for cultivating the agrocybe cylindracea, and the formula of the culture medium are: 65-75 percent of mulberry branch powder, 10-15 percent of bran, 8-15 percent of silkworm excrement, 2-5 percent of corn flour, 1-2 percent of phosphatic fertilizer, 0.5-1 percent of magnesium sulfate, 1-2 percent of white sugar, and 1-2 percent of lime. The agrocybe cylindracea grown through the method is fruited in order, the biotransformation efficiency achieves 75-95 percent, the use amount of cottonseed hulls is reduced, 30-50 percent of production cost is reduced, the economic benefit is improved, the mulberry branches are made to be profitable, and the maximization of resource utility and the sustainable development are realized.

Description

Ramulus mori is utilized to consider the method for plantation agrocybe to be worth doing
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation and grow method of agrocybe, belong to planting edible mushroom technical field.
Background technology
Agrocybe contains 18 seed amino acids of needed by human body, and particularly containing the nutrient component such as 8 seed amino acids, glucan, mycoprotein, carbohydrate that human body can not synthesize, its mushroom handle is tender and crisp tasty and refreshing, fragrant taste.Also have abundant B family vitamin and multi mineral prime element, if the elements such as iron, potassium, zinc, selenium are all higher than other mushroom, the traditional Chinese medical science thinks that this mushroom has kidney tonifying, diuresis, controls the effects such as soreness of waist pain, excreting dampness, invigorating the spleen, antidiarrheal, is the ultimate food of hypertension, cardiovascular and obesity patient.Its delicious flavour, tender and crisp good to eat, having again good health-care effect, is one of delicious rare edible mushroom.
Agrocybe is culturing raw material mainly with cotton seed hulls, wood chip in producing for a long time, and along with developing rapidly of mushroom industry, production-scale expansion, the production of agrocybe is faced with the too high problem of shortage of resources, production cost.In south China area, particularly plant Sang Yangcan area, these agrocybe culturing raw material of cotton seed hulls, wood chip are few especially, produce a large amount of ramulus mori raw materials and do not utilized preferably in kind of Sang Yangcan.Utilize ramulus mori plantation agrocybe not only can realize the recycling of Sericulture discarded object, and the problem of current agrocybe culturing raw material shortage can be solved, reduce agrocybe production cost, improve agrocybe economic benefit.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of ramulus mori that utilizes as the method for raw material planting agrocybe, solve current agrocybe and cultivate the problems such as the shortage of resources occurred.Utilize abundant ramulus mori resource, turn waste into wealth, realize the recycling of Sericulture discarded object, reduce agrocybe production cost, improve the economic benefit of agrocybe.
Technical scheme provided by the invention, utilizes ramulus mori to plant the method for agrocybe, comprises the following steps:
1, the process of ramulus mori: selection nothing is gone mouldy, free of contamination fresh ramulus mori is processed, and utilizes cutter mill to pulverize, obtains the ramulus mori bits of length 1.2-1.5cm.
2, medium preparation: culture medium prescription is ramulus mori bits 65%-75%, wheat bran 10%-15%, silkworm excrement 8%-15%, corn flour 2%-5%, phosphate fertilizer 1%-2%, magnesium sulfate 0.5%-1%, white sugar 1%-2%, lime 1%-2%.Agrocybe composts or fertilisers of cultivating nitrogen content is unsuitable too high or too low, and the too high pollution rate of nitrogen content is high, fruiting slow, and nitrogen content is too low to yield poorly.First ramulus mori bits, lime are mixed with water the 2-3 days that ferments, after adularescent bacterium line on fermentation material, then add wheat bran, silkworm excrement, corn flour, mix thoroughly with limewash and regulate ph value to reach 7-9, water content reaches 60%-70%.
3, pack: adopt Polythene Bag the batching be stirred to be packed fast, prevent overlong time from causing medium fermentation souring; Cultivate the 55-65% that base unit weight is bag volume; Tighten sack, firmly evenly, degree of tightness is appropriate.
4, disinfection inoculation: adopt normal-pressure sterilization, 2-4h keeps 16-18h after material temperature is risen to 100-130 DEG C, when naturally cooling to 20-25 DEG C, then cooled bacterium bag is put into transfer room, with formaldehyde mixing potassium permanganate sterilization 1-2h, aseptically access agrocybe bacterial classification.
5, hair tube reason: culturing room's temperature keeps 25-28 DEG C, and air humidity controls below 70%, regular ventilation.After cultivating through 30-40 days, mycelia can cover with bag, after physiological ripening to be achieved, bacterium bag is moved on to long mushroom in fruiting canopy.
6, management of producing mushroom: bacterium bag is uprightly placed after moving into fruiting canopy, irradiates and ventilation with scattered light, and induction fruit body primordium is formed.Temperature controls at 10-20 DEG C, and relative air humidity keeps 80%-95%, strengthens ventilation, when former base grows to 4 centimetres-5 centimetres, suitably reduces ventilation, promotes that stem accelerates growth, suppresses cap to launch.
7, gather: generally need 10-15 days from mushroom flower bud to gathering.First damp mushroom mustn't too much be sprayed water.Gathering after the first damp mushroom, should stop water spray 5-6 days, allow mycelia restoration ecosystem, is lower damp mushroom accumulation nutrition.Progressively improve temperature after 15 days again to grow to the second damp mushroom, the time interval about needs 5-15 days.
The beneficial effect that the present invention has:
1) the agrocybe fruiting utilizing the method to grow is neat, and biological transformation ratio reaches 75%-95%;
2) reduce the consumption of cotton seed hulls, reduce 30%-50% production cost, increase economic efficiency;
3) ramulus mori is turned waste into wealth, realize resource maximum using and sustainable development.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the ramulus mori that utilizes of the present invention is described further as the method for raw material planting agrocybe.
Embodiment 1
In the present embodiment, Agrocybe cylindracea culture medium formula is ramulus mori bits 70%, wheat bran 10%, silkworm excrement 10%, corn flour 5%, phosphate fertilizer 1%, magnesium sulfate 1%, white sugar 1%, lime 2%.。
Preparation method:
1) process of ramulus mori: selection nothing is gone mouldy, free of contamination fresh ramulus mori is processed, and utilizes cutter mill to pulverize, obtains the ramulus mori bits of length 1.2-1.5cm.
2) medium preparation: first ramulus mori bits, lime are mixed fermentation 2 days with water by above-mentioned formula rate, after adularescent bacterium line on fermentation material, then add wheat bran, silkworm excrement, corn flour, mix thoroughly with limewash and regulate ph value to reach 7.8, water content reaches 65%.
3) pack: adopt Polythene Bag the batching be stirred to be packed fast, prevent overlong time from causing medium fermentation souring; Cultivating base unit weight is 65% of bag volume; Tighten sack, firmly evenly, degree of tightness is appropriate.
4) disinfection inoculation: adopt normal-pressure sterilization, 3h keeps 18h after material temperature is risen to 126 DEG C, when naturally cooling to 20-25 DEG C, then cooled bacterium bag is put into transfer room, with formaldehyde mixing potassium permanganate sterilization 1h, aseptically accesses agrocybe bacterial classification.
5) hair tube reason: culturing room's temperature keeps 25-28 DEG C, and air humidity controls below 70%, regular ventilation.After cultivating through 30-40 days, mycelia can cover with bag, after physiological ripening to be achieved, bacterium bag is moved on to long mushroom in fruiting canopy.
6) management of producing mushroom: bacterium bag is uprightly placed after moving into fruiting canopy, irradiates and ventilation with scattered light, and induction fruit body primordium is formed.Temperature controls at 10-20 DEG C, and relative air humidity keeps about 85%, strengthens ventilation, when former base grows to 4-5cm, suitably reduces ventilation, promotes that stem accelerates growth, suppresses cap to launch.
7) gather: within 15 days, gather in time afterwards.First damp mushroom mustn't too much be sprayed water.Gathering after the first damp mushroom, should stop water spray 5 days, allow mycelia restoration ecosystem, is lower damp mushroom accumulation nutrition.Progressively improve temperature after 15 days again to grow to the second damp mushroom, the time interval about needs 8 days.
Embodiment 2
In the present embodiment, Agrocybe cylindracea culture medium formula is ramulus mori bits 75%, wheat bran 10%, silkworm excrement 8%, corn flour 2%, phosphate fertilizer 1%, magnesium sulfate 1%, white sugar 1%, lime 2%.
Preparation method:
1) process of ramulus mori: selection nothing is gone mouldy, free of contamination fresh ramulus mori is processed, and utilizes cutter mill to pulverize, obtains the ramulus mori bits of length 1.2-1.5cm.
2) medium preparation: first ramulus mori bits, lime are mixed fermentation 2 days with water by above-mentioned formula rate, after adularescent bacterium line on fermentation material, then add wheat bran, silkworm excrement, corn flour, mix thoroughly with limewash and regulate ph value to reach 8.2, water content reaches 65%.
3) pack disinfection inoculation: adopt Polythene Bag the batching be stirred to be packed fast, prevent overlong time from causing medium fermentation souring; Cultivating base unit weight is 65% of bag volume; Tighten sack, firmly evenly, degree of tightness is appropriate.
4) disinfection inoculation: adopt normal-pressure sterilization, 3h keeps 16h after material temperature is risen to 130 DEG C, when naturally cooling to 20-25 DEG C, then cooled bacterium bag is put into transfer room, with formaldehyde mixing potassium permanganate sterilization 1h, aseptically accesses agrocybe bacterial classification.
5) hair tube reason: culturing room's temperature keeps 28 DEG C, and air humidity controls below 70%, regular ventilation.After cultivating through 35 days, mycelia can cover with bag, after physiological ripening to be achieved, bacterium bag is moved on to long mushroom in fruiting canopy.
6) management of producing mushroom: bacterium bag is uprightly placed after moving into fruiting canopy, irradiates and ventilation with scattered light, and induction fruit body primordium is formed.Temperature controls at 15 DEG C, and relative air humidity keeps 80%-95%, strengthens ventilation, when former base grows to 4-5cm, suitably reduces ventilation, promotes that stem accelerates growth, suppresses cap to launch.
7) gather: within 15 days, gather in time afterwards.First damp mushroom mustn't too much be sprayed water.Gathering after the first damp mushroom, should stop water spray 5 days, allow mycelia restoration ecosystem, is lower damp mushroom accumulation nutrition.Progressively improve temperature after 15 days again to grow to the second damp mushroom, the time interval about needs 10 days.
The agrocybe fruiting grown with agrocybe cultivation formula of the present invention and cultivation method is neat, and production cost reduces 30%-50%, and biological transformation ratio reaches 75%-95%.

Claims (4)

1. the method utilizing ramulus mori to plant agrocybe, comprise the process of ramulus mori, medium preparation, pack, disinfection inoculation, hair tube reason, management of producing mushroom, gather, it is characterized in that: the material component proportioning of described plantation agrocybe is: ramulus mori bits 65%-75%, wheat bran 10%-15%, silkworm excrement 8%-15%, corn flour 2%-5%, phosphate fertilizer 1%-2%, magnesium sulfate 0.5%-1%, white sugar 1%-2%, lime 1%-2%.
2. the method utilizing ramulus mori to plant agrocybe according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the concrete grammar of described agrocybe plantation is as follows:
A. the process of ramulus mori: selection nothing is gone mouldy, free of contamination fresh ramulus mori is processed, and utilizes cutter mill to pulverize, obtains the ramulus mori bits of length 1.2-1.5cm;
B. medium preparation: first ramulus mori bits, lime are mixed with water the 2-3 days that ferments, after adularescent bacterium line on fermentation material, then add wheat bran, silkworm excrement, corn flour, mix thoroughly with limewash and regulate ph value to reach 7-9, water content reaches 60%-70%;
C. pack: adopt Polythene Bag the batching be stirred to be packed fast, prevent overlong time from causing medium fermentation souring; Cultivate the 55-65% that base unit weight is bag volume; Tighten sack, firmly evenly, degree of tightness is appropriate;
D. disinfection inoculation: adopt normal-pressure sterilization, 2-4h keeps 16-18h after material temperature is risen to 100-130 DEG C, when naturally cooling to 20-25 DEG C, then cooled bacterium bag is put into transfer room, with formaldehyde mixing potassium permanganate sterilization 1-2h, aseptically access agrocybe bacterial classification;
E. hair tube reason: culturing room's temperature keeps 25-28 DEG C, and air humidity controls below 70%, regular ventilation; After cultivating through 30-40 days, mycelia can cover with bag, after physiological ripening to be achieved, bacterium bag is moved on to long mushroom in fruiting canopy;
F. management of producing mushroom: bacterium bag is uprightly placed after moving into fruiting canopy, irradiates and ventilation with scattered light, and induction fruit body primordium is formed;
G. gather: generally need 10-15 days from mushroom flower bud to gathering; First damp mushroom mustn't too much be sprayed water.
3. the method utilizing ramulus mori to plant agrocybe according to claim 2, is characterized in that: send out in bacterium management process, temperature controls at 10-20 DEG C, relative air humidity keeps 80%-95%, strengthen ventilation, when former base grows to 4 centimetres-5 centimetres, suitably reduce ventilation.
4. the ramulus mori that utilizes according to claim 2 plants the method for agrocybe, it is characterized in that: in recovery process, after the first damp mushroom, should stop water spray 5-6 days, allows mycelia restoration ecosystem, is lower damp mushroom accumulation nutrition; Progressively improve temperature after 15 days again to grow to the second damp mushroom, the time interval needs 5-15 days.
CN201510106943.7A 2015-03-12 2015-03-12 Method for utilizing mulberry branch powder to cultivate agrocybe cylindracea Pending CN104663247A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107434718A (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-12-05 桂林宏泰养殖农民专业合作社 A kind of Agrocybe aegerita compost for making main carbon source with mulberry tree branch
CN108668775A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-10-19 佛山市三水区嘉信农业技术研究院(普通合伙) A kind of agrocybe inoculation method rich in various trace elements
CN108713445A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-30 道真自治县康民生态农业专业合作社 A kind of tea tree mushroom cultivation method
CN108849230A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-11-23 贺州迅凯农作物病虫害防治专业合作社 A kind of winter raw material mushroom cultivation management method

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107434718A (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-12-05 桂林宏泰养殖农民专业合作社 A kind of Agrocybe aegerita compost for making main carbon source with mulberry tree branch
CN108668775A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-10-19 佛山市三水区嘉信农业技术研究院(普通合伙) A kind of agrocybe inoculation method rich in various trace elements
CN108713445A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-30 道真自治县康民生态农业专业合作社 A kind of tea tree mushroom cultivation method
CN108849230A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-11-23 贺州迅凯农作物病虫害防治专业合作社 A kind of winter raw material mushroom cultivation management method

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Application publication date: 20150603