CN102674951B - A kind of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer and production method thereof of utilizing Chinese herb residues to prepare - Google Patents

A kind of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer and production method thereof of utilizing Chinese herb residues to prepare Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102674951B
CN102674951B CN201210114830.8A CN201210114830A CN102674951B CN 102674951 B CN102674951 B CN 102674951B CN 201210114830 A CN201210114830 A CN 201210114830A CN 102674951 B CN102674951 B CN 102674951B
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China
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organic
chinese herb
herb residues
inorganic compound
mixed fertilizer
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CN201210114830.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102674951A (en
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陈以
吕霞
雷晓旭
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陕西汉唐环保农业有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer that utilizes Chinese herb residues to prepare. The raw material that described organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer comprises and percentage by weight thereof are: Chinese herb residues 50-80%, charcoal powder 5-15%, organic materials 5-12%, inorganic material 10-40%, EM microbial inoculum 1-5%. In addition, the present invention also provides the described production method of utilizing organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer prepared by Chinese herb residues. It is characterized in that this production method step is as follows: the Chinese herb residues, charcoal powder, organic materials, the inorganic material that are 75% left and right by water content mix with certain proportion, be placed in mechanical agitation type fermentation tank, temperature is controlled to 27-35 DEG C, pH is controlled at 5.5-6.5, adds EM bacteria fermentation 3-5 days. After having fermented, low temperature drying is to water content below 12%, extruder grain, and screening, metering packing are finished product.

Description

A kind of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer and production method thereof of utilizing Chinese herb residues to prepare

1. technical field

The invention belongs to organic-inorganic complex fertilizer field. Particularly, the present invention relates to one and utilize Chinese herb residues systemStandby organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer and production method thereof.

2. background technology

Pharmaceuticals industry is the rich and influential family of environmental issue always. Statistics demonstration, China's traditional Chinese medicine enterprise has 1636 at present, accounts for32% of whole nation pharmaceuticals industry enterprise, wherein 1283 of Chinese patent drug enterprises. Front 30 persistent erections of pharmaceuticals industry, taking Chinese Medicine Industry as pillarEnterprise account for half. The traditional Chinese medicine enterprise of these One's name is legions will consume 700,000 tons of left and right of plant medicinal material every year. Due to plantThe active ingredient that can be extracted in medicinal material on average only accounts for 5%, and the major part of medicinal material all can become the dregs of a decoction. So these traditional Chinese medicine enterprisesThe annual plant dregs of a decoction that produce are up to millions of tons (moisture content), if processed not in time, these dregs of a decoction can become morally degenerate, looseStink of, breed bacteria.

To in two class treating methods of Chinese medicine slag, concentrate to stack or bury as discarded object to take a large amount of soil at presentGround, produces a large amount of harmful corrupt gas, and underground water is also had to pollution; Chinese medicine slag is dried to rear burning can be producedA large amount of pollutants such as flue dust, carbon dioxide, causes the pollution of atmospheric environment. After dregs of a decoction corruption, can cause mosquito, fly, mouse, wormMultiply, become the hotbed of the multiple infectious diseases such as malaria, snail fever, encephalitis B, cholera, dysentery, typhoid fever, hepatitis.

Through extraction the dregs of a decoction after Effective Component of Chinese Medicine, retain multiple organic nutrient and a certain amount of active component, mainComprise multiple inorganic elements and a small amount of vitamins such as amino acid, crude protein, crude fibre and silicon, manganese, aluminium, zinc, barium, magnesium, iron,Be a kind of very safe high-quality fertilizer raw material, have value of exploiting and utilizing.

Organic fertilizer, because of its content that can effectively improve the soil organism, promotes the formation of soil aggregate, promotesThe advantage such as soil porosity and tilth, has been subject to the welcome at vast plantation family. But because N-P-K content is very low, single organic fertilizer veryDifficulty meets the needs of crop growth.

Although inorganic fertilizer nutrient content is higher, soil compaction sclerosis, soil that plant recovery of nutrient is low, chronic administration causesThe series of problems such as earth acid-base value imbalance highlight gradually.

The appearance of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer and application, successfully alleviated above-mentioned contradiction, makes Chinese agricultural to sustainable developmentA step that exhibition direction is nearer.

3. summary of the invention

The object of the invention is for the problems referred to above, prepare a kind of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer.

Another object of the present invention is to provide the production method of described organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer.

As follows for realizing the technical scheme of above-mentioned purpose:

On the one hand, the invention provides a kind of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer that utilizes Chinese herb residues to prepare, this organic and inorganic is multipleMixed fertile contained raw material and percentage by weight thereof is: Chinese herb residues 50-80%, charcoal powder 5-15%, organic materials 5-12%, nothingMachine material 10-40%, EM microbial inoculum 1-5%.

Wherein, organic materials comprises one or more in rice husk, crop material, cottonseed, humic acid; Inorganic material comprisesPotassium sulfate, potassium nitrate, potassium pyrophosphate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP), ammonium sulfate, poly-potassium borate, soda lime, calcium superphosphateIn one or more; Chinese herb residues is the Chinese medicine slag that Chinese medicine base has just gone out tank, the moisture that contains 70-80%.

On the other hand, the invention provides above-mentioned a kind of producer that utilizes organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer prepared by Chinese herb residuesMethod, this production method is divided into three steps:

Step 1: batching: according to following percentage by weight proportion ingredient:

Chinese herb residues: 50-80%,

Charcoal powder: 5-15%,

Organic materials: 5-12%,

Inorganic material: 10-40%,

EM microbial inoculum: 1-5%;

Mixture is now called fermentation substrate, and water content is 35-64%.

Step 2: mixed culture fermentation:

Fermentation substrate is placed in to mechanical agitation type fermentation tank and carries out mixed culture fermentation, fermentation time is 3-5 days, temperature controlAt 27-35 DEG C, by the addition of controlling soda lime, pH is controlled between 5.5-6.5, by each noxious material and nutrientBy fermenting, degrade, adsorb, clear up, the method such as passivation, complexing or chelating is converted into the organic compound that plant can absorbThing. The rotten smell that is judged to be not have raw material of fermentation termination;

Step 3: low temperature drying, extruder grain, screening, metering packing

Dry the low-temperature material that completes fermentation, extruder grain, screening, metering packing are to finished product fertilizer.

The organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer of making according to aforementioned production method: organic >=20%, N+P2O5+K2O >=15%, waterDivide≤12%.

Below detailed description of the present invention:

Provided by the present inventionly a kind ofly utilize organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer prepared by Chinese herb residues to belong to organic and inorganic compoundFertile field. It is using the Chinese herb residues after traditional Chinese medicine enterprise effective component extracting as main Organic Ingredients, with charcoal powder, organic matterMaterial, inorganic material mixture, add after EM bacteria fermentation, makes through low temperature drying, extruder grain, screening, metering packing. Each formerThe percentage by weight of material is: Chinese herb residues 50-80%, and charcoal powder 5-15%, organic materials 5-12%, inorganic material 10-40%,EM microbial inoculum 1-5%.

Chinese herb residues is retained multiple organic nutrient and a certain amount of active component, mainly comprises amino acid, crude protein, slightly fineMultiple inorganic elements and a small amount of vitamins such as dimension and silicon, manganese, aluminium, zinc, barium, magnesium, iron are that a kind of very safe high-quality hasThe fertile raw material of machine.

Charcoal is under the condition of anaerobic or anoxic, and what various timber or wood chip formed through burning is hard, highdensityCarbo lignius compound, comprises black wood charcoal, hard charcoal, active carbon. Its major advantage is as follows:

1) be a kind of porous body, surface area is large, and water suction, inspiratory force is strong, contributes to preserve moisture and fertility;

2) contain several mineral materials nutrition, can provide crop required nutrient, improve soil and fertilizer;

3), after being manured into soil, can regulate soil pH and water, fertilizer, gas, heat;

4) place that rich fine voids can become beneficial microbe amount reproduction, perch;

5), with a large amount of negative electrical charges, can adsorb numerous cation nutrients;

Product of the present invention utilize Chinese herb residues to mix with charcoal, have effectively adsorbed cation nutrition rich in Chinese herb residuesElement. By mixed culture fermentation, by each noxious material and nutrient by fermenting, degrade, adsorb, clear up, passivation, complexing or chelaThe method such as close is converted into the organic compound that plant can absorb, and has greatly reduced nutrient loss, has improved Plant To NutrientAbsorbing of element.

Chronic administration product of the present invention, not only can provide the nutrition such as the required nitrogen of crop, phosphorus, potassium, trace element, amino acidMaterial, and can effectively improve soil, increase the soil organism, improve the ability of soil conservation rich water.

4. detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, the present invention is carried out to further detailed description, the embodiment providing is only for sayingBright and unrestricted technical scheme of the present invention.

Embodiment 1:

Step 1: batching:

The raw material proportioning of every 1000 kilograms of fermentation substrates is as follows:

Mixture is now called fermentation substrate.

Step 2: mixed culture fermentation:

Fermentation substrate is placed in to mechanical agitation type fermentation tank and carries out mixed culture fermentation, fermentation time is 3-5 days, temperature controlAt 27-35 DEG C, by the addition of controlling soda lime, pH is controlled between 5.5-6.5, by each noxious material and nutrientBy fermenting, degrade, adsorb, clear up, the method such as passivation, complexing or chelating is converted into the organic compound that plant can absorbThing. The rotten smell that is judged to be not have raw material of fermentation termination;

Step 3: low temperature drying, extruder grain, screening, metering packing:

The low-temperature material that completes fermentation is dried to moisture below 12%, and extruder grain, screening, metering packing areFinished product fertilizer.

Embodiment 2:

Step 1: batching:

The raw material proportioning of every 1000 kilograms of fermentation substrates is as follows:

Mixture is now called fermentation substrate.

Step 2: mixed culture fermentation:

Fermentation substrate is placed in to mechanical agitation type fermentation tank and carries out mixed culture fermentation, fermentation time is 3-5 days, temperature controlAt 27-35 DEG C, by the addition of controlling soda lime, pH is controlled between 5.5-6.5, by each noxious material and nutrientBy fermenting, degrade, adsorb, clear up, the method such as passivation, complexing or chelating is converted into the organic compound that plant can absorbThing. The rotten smell that is judged to be not have raw material of fermentation termination;

Step 3: low temperature drying, extruder grain, screening, metering packing:

The low-temperature material that completes fermentation is dried to moisture below 12%, and extruder grain, screening, metering packing areFinished product fertilizer.

5. brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is a kind of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer production technological process that utilizes Chinese herb residues to prepare of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. an organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer that utilizes Chinese herb residues to prepare, is characterized in that, prepared by the described Chinese herb residues that utilizesThe raw material that organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer comprises and percentage by weight thereof are: Chinese herb residues 50-70%, charcoal powder 5-15%, organic matterMaterial 5-12%, inorganic material 10-25.7%, EM microbial inoculum 0.3-0.5%;
Described organic materials comprises one or more in rice husk, crop material, cottonseed, humic acid;
Described inorganic material comprises potassium sulfate, potassium nitrate, potassium pyrophosphate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP), ammonium sulfate, poly-boronOne or more in acid potassium, soda lime, calcium superphosphate;
Described Chinese herb residues is the Chinese medicine slag that Chinese medicine base has just gone out tank, the moisture that contains 70-80%;
Described a kind of production method of utilizing organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer prepared by Chinese herb residues is divided into three steps:
Step 1: batching: according to following percentage by weight proportion ingredient:
Chinese herb residues: 50-70%,
Charcoal powder: 5-15%,
Organic materials: 5-12%,
Inorganic material: 10-25.7%,
EM microbial inoculum: 0.3-0.5%;
Mixture is now called fermentation substrate, and water content is 35-64%;
Step 2: mixed culture fermentation:
Fermentation substrate is placed in to mechanical agitation type fermentation tank and carries out mixed culture fermentation, fermentation time is 3-5 days, and temperature is controlled at27-35 DEG C, is controlled at pH between 5.5-6.5 by the addition of controlling soda lime, by logical to each noxious material and nutrientEverfermentation, degraded, adsorb, clear up, passivation, complexing or process for sequestration be converted into the organic compound that plant can absorb, send outThe rotten smell that is judged to be not have raw material of ferment terminal;
Step 3: low temperature drying, extruder grain, screening, metering packing by dry the low-temperature material that completes fermentation, extruder grain,Screening, metering packing are finished product fertilizer.
2. a kind of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer that utilizes Chinese herb residues to prepare claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: organic matter≥20%,N+P2O5+K2O >=15%, moisture≤12%.
CN201210114830.8A 2012-04-18 2012-04-18 A kind of organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer and production method thereof of utilizing Chinese herb residues to prepare CN102674951B (en)

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102942406B (en) * 2012-10-18 2015-03-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Specialized organic/inorganic composite biological medicine fertilizer for rape, and preparation method thereof
CN103274876A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-09-04 山东亿丰源生物科技股份有限公司 Organic fertilizer containing medical dregs and preparation method thereof
CN105175041A (en) * 2014-06-03 2015-12-23 重庆双辉环保工程有限公司 Production process of organic matter traditional Chinese medicine residue peat soil
CN104086328A (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-10-08 凤台县余跃蔬菜专业合作社 A biological organic composite fertilizer specially used for vegetables and fruits and a preparing method thereof
CN105753552A (en) * 2014-12-16 2016-07-13 汤燕 Soybean leaf stress-resistance agent and preparation method and application thereof
CN104961579B (en) * 2015-07-03 2018-06-22 吉林万通集团盛泰生物工程股份有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine slag biological fertilizer and preparation method

Citations (6)

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US6063383A (en) * 1999-01-28 2000-05-16 Hsu; Wu-Ching Pharmaceutical suppository composites for fever and influenza and method of producing the composites
CN101570454A (en) * 2009-05-22 2009-11-04 杨兆生 Method for preparing and applying carbon-based special organic compound release-controlled fertilizer for scallion
CN101747100A (en) * 2008-12-13 2010-06-23 闻雷 Multi-element particle compound fertilizer and method for producing same
CN101830756A (en) * 2010-05-12 2010-09-15 英联国际化学品(北京)有限公司 Green process for producing organic fertilizer by aerobic fermentation of multi-microorganism
CN101880201A (en) * 2010-06-14 2010-11-10 湖南省中科农业有限公司 Efficiently refined diammonium type multi-strain microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102180742A (en) * 2011-01-11 2011-09-14 杨凌绿都生物科技有限公司 Composition and method for preparing anti-disease/insect/bacterium fulvic acid fertilizer

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6063383A (en) * 1999-01-28 2000-05-16 Hsu; Wu-Ching Pharmaceutical suppository composites for fever and influenza and method of producing the composites
CN101747100A (en) * 2008-12-13 2010-06-23 闻雷 Multi-element particle compound fertilizer and method for producing same
CN101570454A (en) * 2009-05-22 2009-11-04 杨兆生 Method for preparing and applying carbon-based special organic compound release-controlled fertilizer for scallion
CN101830756A (en) * 2010-05-12 2010-09-15 英联国际化学品(北京)有限公司 Green process for producing organic fertilizer by aerobic fermentation of multi-microorganism
CN101880201A (en) * 2010-06-14 2010-11-10 湖南省中科农业有限公司 Efficiently refined diammonium type multi-strain microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102180742A (en) * 2011-01-11 2011-09-14 杨凌绿都生物科技有限公司 Composition and method for preparing anti-disease/insect/bacterium fulvic acid fertilizer

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