CN101982068A - Legehenne smooth farm and legehenne breeding method - Google Patents

Legehenne smooth farm and legehenne breeding method Download PDF

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CN101982068A
CN101982068A CN 201010502702 CN201010502702A CN101982068A CN 101982068 A CN101982068 A CN 101982068A CN 201010502702 CN201010502702 CN 201010502702 CN 201010502702 A CN201010502702 A CN 201010502702A CN 101982068 A CN101982068 A CN 101982068A
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chimney
provided
smooth
air
farm
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CN 201010502702
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CN101982068B (en )
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郭群然
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郭群然
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The invention relates to a legehenne smooth farm and a legehenne breeding method. On the farm, a manure release channel is arranged under a coop frame of a barton, a main extraction chimney and an auxiliary extraction chimney are arranged above the coop frame, and indoor parts of the main extraction chimney and the auxiliary extraction chimney are transparent, and lights are arranged in the indoor parts; the coop frames are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the main extraction chimney and the auxiliary extraction chimney; the lower port of the main extraction chimney extends to the middle lower part of the manure release channel, and the lower port of the auxiliary extraction chimney is close to the top of the coop frames; the width of the upper port of the manure release channel is matched with that of the coop, the lower part of the manure release channel is furled to be matched with the lower port of the main extraction chimney; and a ventilating duct is arranged under the channel, is communicated to the air inlet at one end of the coop, and uniformly distributes air to the barton through an air distributing port. The barton forms nature air flowing under the actions of air pressure and thermal pressure to ensure that air bath type directional airflow is formed in the barton, and air in the barton is consistent and fresh throughout the year; and the legehenne smooth farm has reasonable layout and complete functions, is convenient to control various environment indexes in the barton, has light disinfection burden, less health-care administration, low breeding cost, smooth whole breeding and less epidemic situations, low energy consumption and improved breeding efficiency.

Description

蛋鸡平稳养殖场及蛋鸡养殖方法 Laying hens smooth farms and farming methods

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及家禽养殖领域,具体涉及一种蛋鸡平稳养殖场及蛋鸡养殖方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of poultry, in particular to a smooth laying hens farms and farming methods. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 自1985年以来,中国禽蛋产量一直雄踞世界首位,2006年禽蛋产量高达2945. 6万t,占世界产量的44. 5%以上。 [0002] Since 1985, China has been ranked first in the world egg production, egg production in 2006 up to 29.456 million t, accounting for 44.5% of world production. 近年来,由于养殖业的规模化和畜禽及其产品流通业迅速的发展,使畜禽疫病,特别是禽流感等大疫病频繁发生,由此引发了人们对畜禽及其产品安全问题的担忧。 In recent years, large-scale farming and livestock product circulation and rapid development, livestock and poultry diseases, especially avian influenza and other major diseases occur frequently, which led people to question the safety of livestock and poultry and their products concern. 在我国蛋鸡规模养殖一直存在疫病威胁和生产水平较低的困扰,难以稳定发展。 Scale breeding hens there has been the threat of disease and lower production levels of distress in our country, it is difficult to stability and development. 其主要原因是鸡舍建设不合理,饲养设备简易,鸡舍通风条件差,消毒管理不严,容易造成疫病传染。 The main reason is unreasonable construction of sheds, simple feeding equipment, sheds poor ventilation, disinfection lax management, is likely to cause infectious diseases. 对鸡场选址和建筑设计等畜牧工程技术的忽视,使得鸡场(舍)环境难以控制,防疫消毒不能彻底进行,给鸡场埋下安全隐患。 Neglect farms and other livestock siting and architectural design engineering technology, making the farm (house) environment is difficult to control, vaccination can not be thoroughly disinfected, to farms planted a security risk. 而鸡场(舍)建设是固定资产投资,在整个养鸡中占有很大比重,一旦建成就不容易改建,若要改建,势必造成更大的损失。 The farm (house) construction of fixed asset investment, a large proportion of the whole chicken, once the renovation is not easy to build, to renovation, will inevitably result in greater losses. 而且大量的养鸡实践证明,在其他各项养殖和管理措施保证的条件下,鸡舍设计的好坏,直接影响着养殖生产水平的高低。 And a large number of chickens proved in the farming and other management measures to ensure that the conditions coop design will directly affect the level of aquaculture production levels. 所以,科学合理的鸡舍设计,对于鸡场获取最大的养殖效益具有至关重要的作用。 Therefore, scientific and rational design of houses, farms to maximize breeding efficiency has a crucial role.

[0003] 随着养鸡规模化、集约化程度的提高,环境的制约作用越益明显,有关资料表明, 环境因素约占30%的比重,环境质量的好坏直接影响蛋鸡生产性能的发挥,良好的环境条件是鸡遗传潜力得以充分发挥的重要保证。 [0003] As the chicken scale, intensive improvement in the level, the more restricted role of environmental benefits significantly, the data indicate that environmental factors account for about 30% of the proportion of environmental quality directly affect the production performance of laying hens play , good environmental conditions is important to ensure that chicken genetic potential into full play. 通风换气是调节鸡舍环境的重要手段之一,其效果直接影响舍内温度、湿度和空气中有害物质的浓度。 Ventilation is one of the important means of regulating house environment, which directly affects the effect concentration discounted temperature, humidity and air harmful substances. 目前,许多养殖场多采用自然通风和横向通风,其缺点是需要风机数量太多,耗电量大,风速低,气流不均勻,栋间环境相互交叉,污染严重,21世纪80年代末研究开发的畜禽舍纵向通风新技术,在解决不同类型畜禽舍内通风死角问题、确保气流均勻性,减少栋舍间的相互感染、提高卫生防疫等方面取得了很大的成效;在鸡舍保温、加温和降温方面,“九五”期间研究开发了热管和板式两种冬季通风换气热能回收装置,以提高进入室内的新鲜空气的温度,一定程度上缓解了畜禽舍冬季通风与保温的矛盾问题。 Currently, many farms use more lateral ventilation and natural ventilation, the drawback is the need for too many fans, power consumption, low wind speed, uneven gas flow between buildings intersect environment, pollution, research and development in the late 1980s in the 21st century animal building new vertical ventilation technology, has made great achievements in addressing the problem of dead space ventilation in different types of animal building, ensure uniform airflow, reduce cross contamination between buildings homes, improve health and epidemic prevention; insulation in the house , heating and cooling, the study "during the" developed a heat pipe and plate two kinds of winter ventilation heat recovery, to raise the temperature of fresh air into the room to ease the poultry house ventilation and insulation in winter to some extent of contradictions.

[0004] 但是上述改进和革新仍未能解决现有的养殖场运营能耗大、养殖成本居高不下、 舍内环境不易控制的老大难问题。 [0004] However, these improvements and innovations can not solve the existing farm operations energy consumption, high cost of farming, the environment discounted difficult to control chronic problem. 要推动蛋鸡产业的可持续发展,必须对目前的蛋鸡养殖场及蛋鸡养殖方式继续进行改革和创新,才能进一步降低能耗及环境控制成本,进而达到提高蛋鸡养殖效益的目的。 To promote the sustainable development of layer industry, it is necessary for the current layer farms and laying hens way to continue the reform and innovation, in order to further reduce energy consumption and environmental control costs, thus achieving the purpose of improving the efficiency of laying hens.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种运营能耗低、养殖成本低且养殖环境条件易于控制的蛋鸡平稳养殖场,并给出了以该种养殖场进行蛋鸡养殖的方法。 [0005] The present invention is to solve the technical problem to provide a low operating power consumption, and low cost of breeding hens breeding farms smooth easy to control environmental conditions, and the method for laying hens to the kind of farm .

[0006] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的技术方案是: [0006] To solve the above technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the invention are:

一种蛋鸡平稳养殖场,含有一定栋数的鸡舍(综合考虑鸡舍间防疫、排污、防火和主导风向与鸡舍间的夹角等因素,鸡舍间距离为鸡舍高度的3〜5倍为宜),在所述鸡舍内依次间隔布设有纵向的通道和鸡笼架,在所述鸡笼架下方设置有对应的泄粪道,所述鸡舍内设置有光照灯,在所述泄粪道上方依次间隔设置有一定数量的穿出屋顶的主抽气®和副抽气囱(可高出屋顶30〜80cm,有利于夏季的换气;主、副抽气囱间距可为50〜100cm),所述主抽气囱和副抽气囱位于舍内的部分均为透明部段,所述光照灯分别设置于所述主抽气囱和副抽气®中,所述鸡笼架对称分布在所述主抽气®和副抽气®两侧,所述主抽气®下端口伸至所述泄粪道中下部,所述副抽气®下端口靠近于所述鸡笼架的最高部位;所述泄粪道上口宽度与所述鸡笼架垂直投影宽度相匹配,其下部收拢至与 One kind of smooth laying hens farms, sheds contain a certain number of buildings (considering factors such as the angle between the inter-coop epidemic prevention, sewage, fire and dominant wind and sheds, sheds distance between sheds height of 3 ~ preferably 5 times), in the house laid sequentially spaced longitudinal frame channels and cages, provided with a corresponding vent channel manure frame below the cages, inside the lamp house is provided with a light, in the manure discharge channel are sequentially spaced above a certain number of piercing of the roof and the main pumping sub exhaust chimney ® (available roof 30~80cm higher, favor ventilation in summer; primary and secondary exhaust chimney spacing 50~100cm), located in the portion of the main pumping discounted chimneys and exhaust chimneys are transparent sub-section, the illumination lamp are provided to the main and sub exhaust chimneys ® suction, the is cages frame symmetrically of the main and sub exhaust ® ® suction sides extending to said discharge port in a lower portion of the manure channel of the main pumping ®, ® under the sub suction port close to the chicken the highest cage portion; said vent port fecal track width matches the width of the vertical projection of the cage frame, to its lower retracted and 述主抽气®下端口相匹配;在所述通道下方设置有通气道,所述通气道均连通至位于该鸡舍上风头一端的进气口, 且该通气道经由设在所述通道处的多个布气口向鸡舍内均勻布气。 Said main pumping port matches ®; provided below the channel has air passage, the air passage are communicated to the intake end of the house is located in the limelight, and via the air passage is provided in the channel at a plurality of gas distribution uniform gas distribution into the port house. 进气口处还可根据需要设置空气过滤装置(净化空气)、空气流量调节机构(调节通风量大小,控制舍内温、湿度和空气成分)等。 The air inlet may be provided as necessary air filtering device (purge air), the air flow rate adjusting mechanism (adjusting the size of ventilation, temperature control discounted, humidity and air composition) and the like. 通风是调节鸡舍环境条件的有效手段,不但可以输入新鲜空气,排出氨气(NH3)、硫化氢(H2S)等有害气体,还可以调节温度、湿度。 Ventilation is an effective means of regulating house environmental conditions, not only the input of fresh air, discharged ammonia (NH3), hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and other harmful gases, can adjust the temperature and humidity.

[0007] 鸡笼、食槽及饮水系统按常规方法设置即可。 [0007] cages, drinking trough and provided to the system by a conventional method.

[0008] 在所述鸡舍前墙和/或后墙上设置有透光窗。 [0008] The front wall of the house and / or the back wall is provided with a light transmission window.

[0009] 所述泄粪道从一端到另一端渐深形成一定的倾斜角度,并通至积粪池或无害化处理设施,且所述泄粪道两侧内壁及底壁光滑平实。 [0009] The manure discharge channel from one end to the other end wore a certain inclination angle, and passed to the product or pits harmless treatment facilities, and the manure discharge channel and the bottom wall is smooth on both sides of the inner wall of plain.

[0010] 所述无害化处理设施为与养殖场养殖规模相匹配的入池周转期能满足三个月以上的沼气池(如可设置四个独立的沼气池可满足周年循环使用),最终既可对粪便进行无害化处理,又能为农业生产提供优质有机肥。 [0010] facilities for the safe disposal of the turnover and the pool size breeding farms to meet the match more than three months digesters (such as may be provided four separate digesters used to meet the annual cycle), and finally both of manure treatment and disposal, but also provide quality organic fertilizer for agricultural production.

[0011] 在所述鸡舍顶部设置有一定数量的备用透气天窗(平时密闭,必要时可打开加强通风);所述主抽气®和副抽气®位于鸡舍外的部段外壁涂敷吸热材料,或该部段由吸热制成,且主抽气囱和副抽气囱上端口均安装有防雨帽;所述主抽气囱和副抽气囱内设置有风量调节板,用以变换通风量的大小,控制舍内温、湿度和空气成分。 [0011] provided with a number of alternate skylight permeable top of the house (usually closed, can be opened if necessary to enhance ventilation); said main pumping ® ® and the secondary pumping section is located outside the outer wall of the coating sheds endothermic material, or is made of the heat absorbing section, and the main exhaust chimney and the sub suction port are mounted chimney rain hat; within the main exhaust chimney and the chimney is provided with a sub exhaust air volume adjusting plate for converting the size of ventilation control discounted temperature, humidity and air composition.

[0012] 在所述主抽气囱和/或副抽气囱内设置有相匹配的抽气装置。 [0012] disposed within the main exhaust chimney and / or by suction with a suction device Henderson match.

[0013] 在所述通气道布设有调温水管网,该调温水管网接地下水供给装置和/或备用锅炉,且在所述布气口处的通气道内设置有相匹配的备用鼓风设备(必要时可启用加强舍内通风)。 [0013] There are laid in the air duct temperature control pipe network, the pipe network connected to the groundwater supply temperature control means and / or backup boiler and equipment disposed backup blower matching the airway through the air inlet of the cloth ( if necessary, to enable enhanced discounted ventilation).

[0014] 所述备用锅炉设置于鸡舍一端;所述地下水供给装置为设置在鸡舍一端的地下室内的无塔供水装置,抽取地下深井水。 [0014] The boiler is provided to house an end of the standby; the underground water supply means is means provided in the basement tower at one end of the house, from underground deep well.

[0015] 在所述泄粪道两侧壁上靠近上口沿位置处设置有纵向的微滴水管,用以冲刷落至泄粪道两侧壁上的鸡粪。 [0015] manure discharge channel is provided in the opposite side walls near the upper rim at a position longitudinally micro drip tube for flushing manure discharge channel fall to either side wall of the chicken.

[0016] 在所述鸡舍一端设置有置料场。 [0016] provided with a set field in the feed end of the house.

[0017] 在所述栋舍一端还设置有备用药液混合箱,以带截止阀的管道连通至饮水系统进水接口,在需要通过饮水系统为鸡只供给药液时,即可启用该药液混合箱。 [0017] The rounding at one end of the ridge is also provided with a spare chemical-liquid mixing tank to communicate with the pipeline shut-off valve to the drinking water system interface when necessary to supply liquid to chickens through drinking water systems, to enable the drug liquid mixing tank.

[0018] 在所述养殖场内空闲区域种植株高< Im的植物,如蔬菜、药材、牧草等,既可增加收益,也可以保证场内小环境的二氧化碳和氧气的转换,同时还可以为鸡只提供适量的青绿饲料。 [0018] In the region of the free breeding farms planting height <Im plants, such as vegetables, herbs, grass, etc., can increase revenue, carbon dioxide and oxygen can be secured within the field of small environment conversion, and can also chickens provide the right amount of green feed.

[0019] 一种蛋鸡平稳养殖方法,在上述蛋鸡平稳养殖场中进行养殖,包括以下步骤: (1)育雏期选择活泼、大小整齐的健康鸡雏,饲养密度及舍内环境条件控制如下: [0019] A smooth hens farming methods, the above-described layers in breeding farms stable, comprising the steps of: (1) choice of the brood active, healthy chicks uniform size, stocking density and discounted controlled environmental conditions as follows:

5 5

Figure CN101982068AD00061

其它同常规方法; With other conventional methods;

(2 )育成期饲养密度20〜25只/m2,温度20 V,相对湿度55〜60%,光照时间8〜 10h/d,光照强度1〜1. 3W/m2,其它同常规方法; (2) incubation of stocking density only 20 ~ 25 / m2, a temperature of 20 V, 55~60% relative humidity, photoperiod 8~ 10h / d, the light intensity 1~1 3W / m2, with other conventional methods.;

(3)产蛋期饲养密度15〜20只/m2,冬季饲养密度可提高30%左右,温度15〜23 °C, 湿度60〜70%,从20周龄开始,每周增加光照时间0. 5h直至14〜16h/d,且增加光照强度至4〜5W/m2,至鸡淘汰前4周时再把光照时间逐步增加到17h直至淘汰;饲喂不含抗生素的干粉料每天1〜2次,日饲喂量100〜120克/只;及时拣蛋创造无蛋环境,以提高鸡的产蛋率; (3) laying stocking density only 15 ~ 20 / m2, breeding density can be increased in winter about 30%, a temperature of 15~23 ° C, humidity 60-70%, starting from 20 weeks of age, increasing the exposure time per week 0. 5h until 14~16h / d, and the increasing light intensity to 4~5W / m2, to the front of the chicken out of 4 weeks and then gradually increased illumination time-out until 17h; fed antibiotic-free feed dry 1 to 2 times daily. daily feeding amount of 100~120 g / only; no timely pick eggs to create the egg environment, to increase egg production rate of chickens;

通风量是根据热平衡计算或者依据有害气体浓度控制要求来确定。 It is calculated based on the amount of ventilation or harmful gas concentration control the thermal balance is determined in accordance with requirements. 通常情况下,不同温度条件下蛋鸡每公斤体重的通风量(m3/只· h): Typically, the amount of ventilation under different temperature conditions hens per kilogram of body weight (m3 / only · h):

Figure CN101982068AD00062

其它同常规方法。 With other conventional methods.

[0020] 不能突然改变光的颜色和光照时间,对于光照强度的调节应渐明或渐暗,补充光照的时间应该由短到长,且在早、晚补充为佳,以便增加鸡的采食量。 [0020] sudden changes in the color of the light and the illumination time for the light intensity to be adjusted or fades out gradually, the time should be supplementary light from short to long, and preferably in the morning and evening supplemented in order to increase feed chickens the amount.

[0021] 以乳头式饮水器供水,不仅能够保持饮水卫生、节约用水量、减轻劳动强度,还有助于降低粪便中的含水量。 [0021] The water nipple drinkers, only capable of holding water sanitation, water conservation, reduce labor intensity, but also helps to reduce the water content in the feces.

[0022] 本发明具有积极有益的效果: [0022] The present invention has positive beneficial effects:

1.鸡舍结构设计新颖巧妙,可依靠自然风(风压作用)和舍内外温差(热压作用)形成的空气自然流动,且能避免出现死角和贼风等恶劣的小气候,使鸡舍内外空气得以交换,保持舍内空气常年清新且均勻一致。 1. coop novel structure cleverly designed, can rely on natural wind (wind pressure) and the temperature difference between inside and outside homes (heat and pressure) to form a natural air flow, and can avoid dead ends and drafts and other harsh microclimate, inside and outside the chicken coop air is exchanged, and to maintain indoor air perennial fresh uniform.

[0023] 2.鸡场布局合理,功能完备,在保障通风的同时,有利于采光、及其它各项卫生措施的落实,便于舍内各项环境指标控制(料、水、光、温、风、空间和卫生)。 [0023] 2. farm rational layout, complete functions, while ensuring the ventilation, lighting is conducive to the implementation of various health and other measures to facilitate the discounted indicators of environmental control (feed, water, light, temperature, wind , space and health).

[0024] 3.舍内的主、副抽气囱配合使用,可使舍内形成气浴式定向气流,使鸡体宿主性脱体菌体离身而去不会重复感染。 [0024] 3. The main discounted, with the use of the sub-exhaust chimney, discounted can form a gas stream directed bath, chickens dehydroxylation of the host body away from the body cells will not be repeated infection.

[0025] 4.粪水自排系统可使粪便快速排集至舍外并进行无害化处理,既避免氨气、硫化氢、无蛋白带菌体漂浮等污浊气体和有害物质挥发漂浮至舍内,又消除了污染和传染源,且该系统可使饲养劳动强度减低。 [0025] 4. The manure from the manure discharge system allows rapid discharge outside the house to set and sound processing, both to avoid ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and other protein-free floating cells with dirty gases and volatile substances harmful to the floating homes inside, but also eliminate the source of infection and contamination, and the feeding system can reduce labor intensity.

[0026] 5.采用地温补给法,舍内冬季温度不低于13度,夏季温度不高于26度,可使舍内冬暖夏凉。 [0026] 5. The method of using geothermal supply, discounted temperature not lower than 13 degrees in winter, summer temperature not higher than 26 degrees, can cool discounted.

[0027] 6.有害及恶臭气体的减少可大大地降低鸡只呼吸道疾病发生率,为预防其他疾病奠定了基础,且消毒负担轻,保健用药少,养殖费用大为降低,整体养殖平稳疫情少,动力及保温能耗低,养殖效益大幅提高。 [0027] 6. reduce harmful and malodorous gases can greatly reduce the incidence of respiratory disease of chickens, laying the foundation for the prevention of other diseases, and the burden light disinfection, care less medication, greatly reduced the cost of breeding, breeding stable epidemic overall less low power consumption and heat, a substantial increase in breeding efficiency.

[0028] 7.本发明养殖方具有产蛋量高、饲料转换率高、饲料节省、蛋鸡存活率高、疾病发生率低以及劳动效率(即人均蛋鸡饲养数高)的优点。 Aquaculture Square [0028] 7. The present invention has a high egg production, feed conversion rate, feed-saving, high egg survival, disease and low labor efficiency (i.e., higher number of laying hens per) advantages. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0029] 图1为一种蛋鸡平稳养殖场整体布局示意图; 图2为蛋鸡平稳养殖场中鸡舍平面布局示意图; 图3为蛋鸡平稳养殖场中鸡舍侧视图; [0029] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a laying farm smooth overall layout; FIG. 2 is a schematic plan layout of a smooth laying farms house; FIG. 3 is a smooth laying farms house side;

图4为蛋鸡平稳养殖场中鸡舍剖面结构示意图(图3的AA视图); 图5为蛋鸡平稳养殖场中鸡舍中的抽气囱位置分布示意图(图4的BB视图)。 FIG 4 is a cross-sectional structural diagram of layers sheds smooth farms (view AA of FIG. 3); FIG. 5 schematic distribution (BB view of FIG. 4) of egg farms stationary pumping house chimney in position.

[0030] 图中1为鸡舍,2为办公场所及仓库,3为粪便无害化处理设施,4、10、16为通道,5、 7、13、15为鸡笼架,6、14为泄粪道,8为副抽气囱,9、11为主抽气囱,12为布气口,17为进气口,18为备用锅炉,19为置料场,20为无塔供水装置,21为备用透气天窗,22、36为光照灯, 23、24为防雨帽,25为横梁,26、27、28、29为微滴管,30、31为透光窗,32、33、34为通气道,35 为舍顶,37、38、39为调温水管网,40备用药液混合箱。 [0030] FIG. 1 is a house, warehouse and the office space 2, 3 fecal harmless treatment facilities, as the channel 4,10,16, 5, 7,13,15 is bracket cages, as 6,14 manure discharge channel, as a sub-exhaust chimney 8, 9, 11 main exhaust chimney, for the air distribution ports 12, intake ports 17, 18 for the standby boiler 19 is set yard, water tower means 20, 21 standby breathable skylights, lighting lamps 22, 36 is, for the rain hat 23, the cross member 25, 26, 27 for the micropipette, the light transmission windows 30, 31, 32, 33 is airway, as the round top 35, 38, 39 for the temperature control pipe network, chemical-liquid mixing tank 40 alternate.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0031] 实施例1 一种蛋鸡平稳养殖场,参见图1、图2、图3、图4,含有一定栋数的鸡舍1 (鸡舍间距离为鸡舍高度的3〜5倍为宜),在鸡舍1内有三条纵向的通道4、10、16和两组四排阶梯式鸡笼架5、7、13、15依次间隔布设,在两组鸡笼架下方设置有对应的泄粪道6、14, 在泄粪道6、14上方均依次间隔设置有一定数量的穿出舍顶35的主抽气囱9和副抽气囱8 (横截面为方形0. 7X0. 7=0. 49 m2 ;主、副抽气囱间距60cm),主抽气囱9和副抽气囱8位于舍内的部分均为透明部段,二者位于鸡舍外的部段外壁涂敷黑漆层,其上端口安装有防雨帽23、24 ;鸡舍1内的光照灯36对应的设置于主抽气囱9和副抽气囱8 (光照灯高低搭配, 以舍内的鸡只受光均勻一致为准)中,舍内每组内的两排鸡笼架对称分布在主抽气囱9和副抽气囱8两侧,主抽气囱9下端口伸至所述泄粪道22中下部,所有副抽气囱8 [0031] Example 1. A stable egg farms, see FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 3, FIG. 4, the house contains a certain number of buildings 1 (distance between the house of 3 to 5 times the height of the house appropriate), there are three longitudinal channels 4,10,16 and two sets of four rows of sequentially stepped cage frame interval 5,7,13,15 laid in a house, below the two cages is provided with a corresponding frame 6,14 manure discharge channel, over the manure discharge channel 6, 14 are successively spaced a certain number of piercing main pumping house chimney top sub 35 and the exhaust chimney 9 8 (square in cross section 0. 7X0. 7 . = 0 49 m2; primary and secondary exhaust chimney spacing 60cm), and the main exhaust chimney 9 8 sub exhaust chimneys are located partially discounted transparent section, both located in the outer section of the outer wall of the coating sheds black layer, on which is mounted a port rain hat 23, 24; 36 corresponding to the illumination lamp house 1 is provided in the main and sub exhaust chimney exhaust chimney 9 8 (light level with the light to discounted chicken only light uniform date), two rows of cages within the rack discounted each symmetrically main pumping sub chimney exhaust chimney 8 and 9 on both sides of the main exhaust chimney extending to the manure discharge port 9 a lower channel 22, all the sub-exhaust chimney 8 端口靠近于鸡笼架的最高部位;泄粪道6、14上口宽度与其对应的阶梯式鸡笼架组的垂直投影宽度相匹配,其下部收拢至与主抽气® 9下端口相匹配;在泄粪道6、14两侧壁上靠近上口沿位置处均安装有相对应的纵向的微滴水管26、27、28、29,用以冲刷落至泄粪道两侧壁上的鸡粪, 泄粪道6、14两侧内壁及底壁光滑平直,从其一端到另一端渐深形成一定的倾斜角度,可使粪便自流至无害化处理设施3 ;在通道4、10、16下方设置有相对应的通气道32、33、34,通气道32、33、34均连通至位于该鸡舍上风头一端的进气口17,且通气道32、33、34经由设在通道4、10、16处的多个布气口12向鸡舍内均勻布气,在通气道32、33、34还分别布设有调温水管网37、38、39,该调温水管网接位于鸡舍一端的无塔供水装置20 (地下室内,用以抽取地下深井水)和备用锅炉18。 Close to the port of the top portion of the cage frame; vertical projection manure discharge channel width corresponding to the width of the upper opening of 6,14 stepped cage frame set matches, to its lower retracted ® 9 and the main pumping port match; in the manure discharge channel 6, 14 on both side walls near the upper rim at a position corresponding to the both longitudinal attached micro-26,27,28,29 drip tube for flushing manure discharge channel fall to both side walls of the chicken manure, manure discharge channel wall and a bottom wall 6, 14 sides smooth and straight, from one end to another wore a certain inclination angle, gravity can fecal harmless treatment facilities to 3; 4,10 in the channel, the bottom 16 is provided with corresponding air passage 33, 34, 32, 33 are communicated with the air passage is located on one end of the house thunder intake port 17, and the air passage 32, 33 via the passage provided in the a plurality of air distribution ports 12 at 4,10,16 uniform gas distribution into the house, the air passage 32, 33 are also laid pipe network 37, 38 has a thermostat, the temperature control pipe network located in contact chicken the rounded end 20 water tower means (basement for extracting ground water from deep wells) 18 and a backup boiler. 在鸡舍前墙和后墙上设置有透光窗30、31。 In coop front wall and the back wall is provided with a light transmission window 30, 31. 在鸡舍一端设置有置料场19。 In the house is provided with an end 19 facing yard. 在栋舍一端还设置有备用药液混合箱40,以带截止阀的管道连通至饮水系统进水接口,在需要通过饮水系统为鸡只供给药液时,即可启用该药液混合箱40。 In buildings with a rounded end is also provided a spare chemical-liquid mixing tank 40 to communicate with the pipeline shut-off valve inlet connection to the drinking water system, the chemical liquid is supplied birds in need, the chemical-liquid mixing tank 40 through the water system to enable .

[0032] 无害化处理设施3由四个独立的沼气池构成,可满足周年循环使用。 [0032] The sound processing facility 3 is composed of four separate digesters, may be used to meet the annual cycle. 沼气池发酵, 沼气可作为环保能源,供采暖、光照、烧水做饭、发电使用,沼渣又是很好的环保有机肥料。 Biogas fermentation, biogas can be used as environmentally-friendly energy for heating, lighting, cooking and water heating, power generation using biogas residue and environmental protection is a good organic fertilizer.

[0033] 在所述鸡舍顶部每隔3. 5m设置有一个备用透气天窗21 (0. 2mX0. 3mX0. 4m为活动盖顶封闭式)。 [0033] 3. 5m intervals provided with a gas-permeable alternate skylight 21 (0. 2mX0. 3mX0. 4m active top cover closed) in the top of the house. 主抽气囱和副抽气囱中设置有风量调节板(图中未画出),用以变换通风量的大小,控制舍内温、湿度和空气成分,在抽气囱和副抽气囱中还设置有备用排风扇(图中 Exhaust chimney and the sub master chimney is provided with a suction air volume adjustment plate (not shown) for converting the size of the ventilation control discounted temperature, humidity and air composition, the exhaust chimney and the sub-exhaust chimney It is also provided with a spare exhaust fan (FIG.

7未画出),可设置横梁位置25处,便于固定。 7 is not shown), the cross member may be provided at position 25, to facilitate the fixing.

[0034] 在所述养殖场内空闲区域种植株高< Im的植物,如蔬菜、药材、牧草等,既可增加收益,也可以保证场内小环境的二氧化碳和氧气的转换,同时还可以为鸡只提供适量的青绿饲料。 [0034] In the region of the free breeding farms planting height <Im plants, such as vegetables, herbs, grass, etc., can increase revenue, carbon dioxide and oxygen can be secured within the field of small environment conversion, and can also chickens provide the right amount of green feed.

[0035] 进场门设置在地势较高一侧,出蛋、出鸡及出肥门设置在地势较低一端。 [0035] The approach provided by the higher elevated side door, an egg, a chicken manure and the door provided at a lower-lying end. 栋舍排间不设横路,场内设置宽3〜5m的绕场道路。 No buildings between rows of homes Wang, venue set wide 3~5m circling road. 场内设置路面硬化的上行道(硬化宽度3m)和下行道(硬化宽度2m),上行通道为进人、进料通道,下行通道为出蛋、出鸡及出肥料通道,下行道两侧设置宽0. 5m、深0. 5m的硬化排水沟。 Field is provided on the carriageway surface hardening (hardening width of 3m) and a downlink channel (the width of photohardening 2M), the uplink channels into the feed channel, the downstream channel to the egg, a chicken and a manure channel, both sides of the channel downlink wide 0. 5m, deep drainage ditch hardening of 0. 5m. 在场内临近场外道路且地势较高的区域可布设生活区、仓库、供电房、供水间等配套设施。 In the field of off-road and on higher ground near the area can be laid between the living area, warehouse, power house, water supply and other facilities. 养场周围可开挖围护沟(沟底宽3m、上口宽5〜6m,深2m),沟内保持水深在0. 6m以上,水沟内可种植有经济效益的莲藕、菱角之类的水生植物,并在水中放养杂鱼,以利于水体的循环净化。 Excavation can envelope around farms in the groove (groove bottom width of 3m, width catchy 5~6m, 2M depth), depth of trench holding at 0. 6m above the planting ditch economically beneficial lotus, water chestnut and the like aquatic plants, and trash fish stocked in the water, circulating water in order to facilitate purification.

[0036] 该养殖场总占地面积14. 85亩,其中道路占地2. 45亩,鸡舍占地6. 21亩,生活区占地0. 63亩,沼气池占地0. 57亩,植被占地5. 03亩。 [0036] The total area of ​​farm acres 14.85, wherein an area of ​​2.45 mu road, house covers 6.21 acres, living area covers 0.63 acres, an area of ​​0.57 mu digesters , covers an area of ​​5.03 acres of vegetation. 可容纳蛋鸡44800只,鸡舍为南北走向,沼气池上方备设日光温室大棚。 Can accommodate 44,800 laying hens, hen house is north-south, located above the digesters prepare solar greenhouse.

[0037] 在上述养殖场中进行蛋鸡平稳养殖的方法,包括以下主要步骤: [0037] The method for laying hens farming in said stationary farms, comprising the following main steps:

(1)育雏期春雏宜在2〜3月培育,秋雏宜在8〜9月培育,选择活泼、大小整齐的健康鸡雏,饲养密度及舍内环境条件控制如下: (1) is preferably in the rearing of young spring 2 to 3 months incubation, the child should be in the autumn 8 September cultivation, selected active, healthy chicks uniform size, stocking density and discounted controlled environmental conditions as follows:

Figure CN101982068AD00081

其它同常规方法; With other conventional methods;

(2 )育成期饲养密度20〜25只/m2,温度20 V,相对湿度55〜60%,光照时间8〜 10h/d,光照强度1〜1. 3W/m2,其它同常规方法; (2) incubation of stocking density only 20 ~ 25 / m2, a temperature of 20 V, 55~60% relative humidity, photoperiod 8~ 10h / d, the light intensity 1~1 3W / m2, with other conventional methods.;

(3)产蛋期饲养密度15〜20只/m2,冬季饲养密度可提高30%左右,温度15〜23 °C, 湿度60〜70%,从20周龄开始,每周增加光照时间0. 5h直至14〜16h/d,且增加光照强度至4〜5W/m2,至鸡淘汰前4周时再把光照时间逐步增加到17h直至淘汰;饲喂不含抗生素的干粉料每天1〜2次,若一次饲喂放在下午3时较好;若两次饲喂,宜采用上午9时和下午3时各喂一次,日饲喂量100〜120克/只,根据体重变化适当增减喂料量,以不影响产蛋为宜,为了保持鸡旺盛的食欲,每天应保证有一定的空槽时间,一是可以防止饲料长期在食槽存放发生霉变,二是可以防止鸡产生厌食和挑食的恶习;及时拣蛋创造无蛋环境,以提高鸡的产蛋率;其它同常规方法。 (3) laying stocking density only 15 ~ 20 / m2, breeding density can be increased in winter about 30%, a temperature of 15~23 ° C, humidity 60-70%, starting from 20 weeks of age, increasing the exposure time per week 0. 5h until 14~16h / d, and the increasing light intensity to 4~5W / m2, to the front of the chicken out of 4 weeks and then gradually increased illumination time-out until 17h; fed antibiotic-free feed dry 1 to 2 times daily. when the feeding time 3 p.m. is preferably placed; if the two feeding, should adopt 9:00 p.m. and 3:00 feeding time, daily feed allowance 100~120 g / only, appropriate change according to changes in body weight feed quantity, without affecting egg production is appropriate, in order to keep the chicken strong appetite, every day should ensure that there is a certain time slots empty, one can prevent long-term feed storage mildew in the manger, the second is to prevent anorexia and chicken picky eaters vices; timely pick up eggs without egg to create the environment to increase egg production rate of chickens; the other with conventional methods.

[0038] 不能突然改变光的颜色和光照时间,对于光照强度的调节应渐明或渐暗,补充光照的时间应该由短到长(补红色光照可增加产蛋量),且在早、晚补充,以便增加鸡的采食量。 [0038] sudden changes in the color of the light and the illumination time for the light intensity to be adjusted or fades out gradually, the time should be supplementary light from short to long (S red light increase egg production), and in the early and late supplemented in order to increase the intake of chicken.

[0039] 以乳头式饮水器供水,不仅能够保持饮水卫生、节约用水量、减轻劳动强度,还有助于降低粪便中的含水量。 [0039] The water nipple drinkers, only capable of holding water sanitation, water conservation, reduce labor intensity, but also helps to reduce the water content in the feces.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种蛋鸡平稳养殖场,含有一定栋数的鸡舍,在所述鸡舍内纵向的通道和鸡笼架依次间隔布设,在所述鸡笼架下方设置有对应的泄粪道,所述鸡舍内设置有光照灯,其特征在于,在所述泄粪道上方依次间隔设置有一定数量的穿出屋顶的主抽气囱和副抽气囱,所述主抽气囱和副抽气囱位于舍内的部分均为透明部段,所述光照灯分别设置于所述主抽气囱和副抽气囱中,所述鸡笼架对称分布在所述主抽气囱和副抽气囱两侧,所述主抽气囱下端口伸至所述泄粪道中下部,所述副抽气囱下端口靠近于所述鸡笼架的最高部位;所述泄粪道上口宽度与所述鸡笼架垂直投影宽度相匹配,其下部收拢至与所述主抽气囱下端口相匹配;在所述通道下方设置有通气道,所述通气道均连通至位于该鸡舍上风头一端的进气口,且该通气道经由设在所述通道处的多个布气口向鸡 One kind of a smooth laying farms, comprising a number of sheds some buildings, house within the longitudinal channels and cages frame intervals sequentially laid, arranged below the cage frame has a corresponding manure discharge channel, said is provided with a illumination lamp inside the house, characterized in that the manure discharge channel are sequentially spaced above a certain number of piercing a main exhaust chimney and the roof of the sub exhaust chimney, the chimney and the sub suction main pumping chimney portion are located discounted transparent section, the illumination lamp are provided to the main and sub exhaust chimney exhaust chimneys, the cages symmetrically distributed on the carrier main pumping and a secondary exhaust chimneys both sides of chimney, the chimney of the main exhaust port extending to a lower portion of the manure discharge channel, the lower sub suction port close to the chimney top portion of the cage frame; the fecal discharge opening width of the track cages frame matches the width of the vertical projection, the lower portion of the main pumping retracted to the chimney port match; provided below the channel has air passage, the air passage are communicated to the house is located on one end of the limelight the intake port and the vent passage via the passage provided at a plurality of gas distribution port to the chicken 内均匀布气。 The gas distribution uniformity.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的蛋鸡平稳养殖场,其特征在于,在所述鸡舍前墙和/或后墙上设置有透光窗。 The smooth layers farm according to claim 1, wherein, in the front wall of the house and / or the back wall is provided with a light transmission window.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的蛋鸡平稳养殖场,其特征在于,所述泄粪道从一端到另一端渐深形成一定的坡度,并通至积粪池或无害化处理设施,且所述泄粪道两侧内壁及底壁光滑平直,所述无害化处理设施为与养殖场养殖规模相匹配的沼气池。 3. The smooth laying farm according to claim 1, characterized in that the manure discharge channel wore a certain slope from one end to the other end, and to the product through septic tanks or harmless treatment facilities, and the manure discharge channel wall and the bottom wall is smooth on both sides of the flat, the safe disposal facilities for breeding with farm-scale digesters match.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的蛋鸡平稳养殖场,其特征在于,在所述主抽气@和/或副抽气囱内设置有相匹配的抽气装置。 4. The smooth laying farm according to claim 1, characterized in that, disposed within the main pumping @ and / or by suction with a suction device Henderson match.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的蛋鸡平稳养殖场,其特征在于,在所述鸡舍顶部设置有一定数量的备用透气天窗;所述主抽气®和副抽气®处于鸡舍外的部段外壁涂敷吸热材料,或该部段由吸热材料制成,且主抽气囱和副抽气囱上端口安装有防雨帽;所述主抽气囱和副抽气®内设置有风量调节板。 The smooth layers farm according to claim 1, wherein the alternate gas permeable skylights provided a certain number of sheds in the top; said main pumping ® ® and the sub suction in the outer sheds endothermic material coating the outer wall segment, or the segment is made of a heat absorbing material, and the port is mounted on the rain hat and the main pumping sub exhaust chimney chimneys; the main pumping chimneys and the sub suction ® air volume control plate is provided.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的蛋鸡平稳养殖场,其特征在于,在所述通气道布设有调温水管网,该调温水管网接地下水供给装置和/或备用锅炉,且在所述布气口处的通气道内设置有相匹配的备用鼓风设备。 6. Layer stable farm according to claim 1, wherein the temperature control water supply network laid there in the air duct, the temperature control pipe network access groundwater supply means and / or backup boiler, and the cloth airway through the air inlet device is provided with a backup blower match.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的蛋鸡平稳养殖场,其特征在于,所述备用锅炉设置于鸡舍一端;所述地下水供给装置为设置在鸡舍一端的地下室内的无塔供水装置;在所述栋舍一端还设置有备用药液混合箱。 7. Layer stable farm according to claim 6, characterized in that the boiler is provided to house an end of the standby; groundwater supply means to said water tower means is provided in the basement of the house at one end; the the ridge is also provided with a rounded end spare chemical-liquid mixing tank.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述的蛋鸡平稳养殖场,其特征在于,在所述泄粪道两侧壁上靠近上口沿位置处设置有纵向的微滴水管。 8. The stable egg farms in claim 1, characterized in that the manure discharge channel is provided in the opposite side walls near the upper rim at a position longitudinally micro drip tube.
  9. 9.根据权利要求1所述的蛋鸡平稳养殖场,其特征在于,在所述养殖场内空闲区域种植株高< Im的植物。 9. The stable egg farm according to claim 1, characterized in that the planting height <Im in the free area of ​​the field of plant breeding.
  10. 10. 一种蛋鸡平稳养殖方法,利用权利要求1所述的蛋鸡平稳养殖场进行饲养,包括以下步骤:(1)育雏期选择活泼、大小整齐的健康鸡雏,饲养密度及舍内环境条件控制如下:周龄 饲养密度(只/m2) 温度(°C) 相对湿度(%) 光照时间(h/d) 光照强度(W/m2)1〜2 30 〜40 34 〜28 65 〜70 18 〜24 2〜33〜4 20 〜30 26 〜30 55 〜65 16 〜18 2〜35〜6 15 〜20 25 〜28 55 〜60 14 〜16 2〜37〜8 11 〜15 20 〜25 55 〜60 12 〜14 2〜3(2 )育成期饲养密度20〜25只/m2,温度20 V,相对湿度55〜60%,光照时间8〜 10h/d,光照强度1〜1. 3ff/m2 ;(3)产蛋期饲养密度15〜20只/m2,温度15〜23°C,湿度60〜70%,从20周龄开始,每周增加光照0. 5h直至光照时间14〜16h/d,且增加光照强度至4〜5 ff/m2,至鸡淘汰前4周时再把光照时间逐步增加到17h直至淘汰;饲喂不含抗生素的干粉料每天1〜2次, 日饲喂量100〜120克/只;及时拣蛋 10. A method of laying hens farming smooth, using a smooth laying farm claim 1 for the feeding, comprising the steps of: (1) choice of the brood active, healthy chicks uniform size, stocking density and environmental conditions discounted controlled as follows: week old rearing density (only / m2) temperature (° C) relative humidity (%) irradiation time (h / d) light intensity (W / m2) 1~2 30 ~40 34 ~28 65 ~70 18 ~ 2~33~4 24 20 ~ 30 26 ~ 30 55 ~ 65 15 ~ 20 16 ~ 18 2~35~6 25 ~28 55 ~ 60 14 ~ 16 11 ~ 15 20 ~ 25 55 2~37~8 12 ~ 60 ~ 14 ~ 3 (2) incubation of stocking density only 20 ~ 25 / m2, a temperature of 20 V, 55~60% relative humidity, photoperiod 8~ 10h / d, the light intensity 1~1 3ff / m2;. (3 ) density rearing laying only 15 ~ 20 / m2, a temperature of 15~23 ° C, humidity 60-70%, starting from 20 weeks of age, until the increase in light exposure time per week 0. 5h 14~16h / d, and increases the light intensity to 4~5 ff / m2, to the front of the chicken out of 4 weeks and then gradually increased illumination time-out until 17h; fed antibiotic-free feed dry ~ 2 times a day, daily feed allowance 100~120 g / only; timely pick eggs 造无蛋环境,以提高鸡的产蛋率。 It made no egg environment, to increase egg production rate of chickens.
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CN102630603A (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-08-15 句容市科兴畜禽养殖基地 Transmittance-increased double-pitch chicken house
CN104521799A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-04-22 安徽荣达禽业开发有限公司 Automatic full-closed tier breeding pullet house ventilation method
CN104839088A (en) * 2015-05-24 2015-08-19 梁金莲 Breeding method for octagonal pheasants
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CN102630603A (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-08-15 句容市科兴畜禽养殖基地 Transmittance-increased double-pitch chicken house
CN104521799A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-04-22 安徽荣达禽业开发有限公司 Automatic full-closed tier breeding pullet house ventilation method
CN104839088A (en) * 2015-05-24 2015-08-19 梁金莲 Breeding method for octagonal pheasants
CN105900858A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-08-31 宋长胜 Efficient and energy-saving type heat preserving henhouse
CN105900858B (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-07-03 宋长胜 Species energy efficient house off temperature

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