CN101965806B - Meat and poultry steady breeding farm and dorking steady breeding method - Google Patents

Meat and poultry steady breeding farm and dorking steady breeding method Download PDF

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CN101965806B
CN101965806B CN2010105027727A CN201010502772A CN101965806B CN 101965806 B CN101965806 B CN 101965806B CN 2010105027727 A CN2010105027727 A CN 2010105027727A CN 201010502772 A CN201010502772 A CN 201010502772A CN 101965806 B CN101965806 B CN 101965806B
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poultry
breeding
water
house
air
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CN2010105027727A
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CN101965806A (en
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郭群然
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河南基正生态农业科技有限公司
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The invention relates to a meat and poultry steady breeding farm and a dorking steady breeding method. The meat and poultry steady breeding farm comprises a house provided with a passage and a breeding net, wherein an air duct arranged below the passage uniformly distributes the air for the house through an air-distributing port; the outsides of front and rear walls of the house are provided withlongitudinal dung discharging ducts; an air extracting chimney is arranged above each dung discharging duct; and a corresponding dung discharging slope is arranged below the breeding net so that the poultry dung falling on the dung discharging slope is discharged to the dung discharging duct through a dung discharging port at the wall foot of the house. Due to the natural air flow formed by wind pressure and hot pressure in the breeding farm, the harsh microclimate in the poultry house, such as dead corner, evil wind and the like, can be avoided, so that the air inside and outside the poultryhouse can be exchanged and the air in the house is kept fresh all year; the breeding farm has reasonable overall layout and complete function, which facilitates the control of each environmental index in the house and creates a condition for the domestic poultry to play the maximum production and genetic potential; the disinfection load is reduced, the using amount of the health-care medicine is reduced, the entire breeding is steady and the epidemic situation is improved, the power and heat preservation consumption is low, and the breeding efficiency can be greatly improved.

Description

肉禽平稳养殖场及肉鸡平稳养殖方法技术领域[0001] 本发明涉及家禽养殖领域,具体涉及一种肉禽平稳养殖场及肉鸡平稳养殖方法。 Smooth broiler farms and poultry farming smooth TECHNICAL FIELD [0001] The present invention relates to the field of poultry, in particular to a stable steady broiler farms and poultry farming methods. 背景技术[0002] 我国肉禽产品的供应量从改革开放前凭票限量供应、严重紧缺的窘况发展到如今人均肉类占有量(9. 1 kg)接近世界平均水平(10. 8 kg)、蛋类人均占有量超过世界平均水平的盛况,这主要归功于我国肉禽产业的飞速发展。 [0002] supply of meat and poultry products from the limited supply of tickets before the reform and opening up, a serious shortage of development to the present predicament of meat per capita (9. 1 kg) close to the world average (10. 8 kg), egg class per capita than the world average of pomp, mainly due to the rapid development of China's meat industry. [0003] 但近年来,由于养殖业的规模化和畜禽及其产品流通业迅速的发展,使畜禽疫病, 特别是禽流感等大疫病频繁发生,由此引发了人们对畜禽及其产品安全问题的担忧。 [0003] However, in recent years, due to the large-scale farming and livestock product circulation and rapid development, livestock and poultry diseases, especially avian influenza and other major diseases frequently occur, which sparked the livestock and concerns about product safety issues. 而生产无污染、无残留、对人类健康无损害、优质安全卫生的无公害肉禽产品是当今社会的基本要求。 The production of pollution-free, no residue, no harm to human health, pollution-free high-quality health and safety of meat and poultry products are the basic requirements of today's society. 在我国肉禽规模养殖一直存在疫病威胁和生产水平较低的困扰,难以稳定发展。 Scale poultry farming disease threats and there has been a low level of production problems in our country, it is difficult to stability and development. 其主要原因是禽舍建设不合理,饲养设备简易,禽舍通风条件差,消毒管理不严,容易造成疫病传染。 The main reason is the poultry house construction is unreasonable, simple feeding equipment, poultry house poor ventilation, disinfection lax management, is likely to cause infectious diseases. 对养殖场选址和建筑设计等畜牧工程技术的忽视,使得禽舍环境难以控制,防疫消毒不能彻底进行,给鸡场埋下安全隐患。 Neglect of farms and other livestock siting and construction engineering design, making it difficult to control the poultry house environment, vaccination can not be disinfected thoroughly, to farms planted a security risk. 而养殖场建设是固定资产投资,在整个养殖投资中占有很大比重,一旦建成就不容易改建,若要改建,势必造成更大的损失。 The farm building is fixed asset investment, a large proportion of the entire investment in farming, once completed renovation is not easy, to renovation, will inevitably result in greater losses. 而且大量的养殖实践证明,在其它各项养殖和管理措施保证的条件下,禽舍设计的好坏,直接影响着养殖生产水平的高低。 And a large number of farming practice has proved that in the farming and other management measures to ensure that the conditions of poultry house design will directly affect the level of aquaculture production levels. [0004] 影响肉禽生产性能和肉品质的因素很多,除饲料营养外,还有品种、通风、光照等因素。 [0004] The factors affecting the performance and poultry meat quality of a lot, in addition to feed nutrients, as well as varieties, ventilation, lighting and other factors. 因此,要降低生产成本,增加养鸡效益,使肉禽的生产性能得以充分发挥,生产出高质量的产品,就必须搞好环境控制。 Therefore, to reduce production costs and increase the effectiveness of chicken, the meat and poultry production performance into full play, to produce high quality products, it is necessary to improve environmental controls. 肉禽养殖的环境控制主要包括禽舍内外两部分。 Environmental control of poultry farming including poultry houses inside and outside of two parts. 舍外环境控制主要包括场址布局与鸡舍构造、废弃物处理等;舍内环境控制主要包括雏鸡的选择、 通风、光照、饲料、饮水、温度、湿度等环节。 Homes outside environment mainly includes the control site layout and house construction, waste disposal; discounted environmental control includes selecting chicks, ventilation, lighting, feed, water, temperature, humidity, and other aspects. 目前我国良种的普及和饲料营养等技术有了很大的进展,但我国的养鸡鸡舍设施及环境控制技术研究进展缓慢。 At present, China's popularity seed and feed nutrition technology has made great progress, but slow chicken coop research facilities and environmental control technology progress of our country. [0005] 目前,许多养殖场多采用自然通风和横向通风,其缺点是需要风机数量太多,耗电量大,风速低,气流不均勻,栋间环境相互交叉,污染严重,21世纪80年代末研究开发的畜禽舍纵向通风新技术,在解决不同类型畜禽舍内通风死角问题、确保气流均勻性,减少栋舍间的相互感染、提高卫生防疫等方面取得了很大的成效;在鸡舍保温、加温和降温方面, “九五”期间研究开发了热管和板式两种冬季通风换气热能回收装置,以提高进入室内的新鲜空气的温度,一定程度上缓解了畜禽舍冬季通风与保温的矛盾问题。 [0005] Currently, many farms use more lateral ventilation and natural ventilation, the drawback is the need for too many fans, power consumption, low wind speed, uneven gas flow between the buildings environment intersect, serious pollution, 2080s end research and development of new animal building longitudinal ventilation technology, has made great achievements in addressing the problem of dead space ventilation in different types of animal building, ensure uniform airflow, reduce cross contamination between buildings homes, improve health and epidemic prevention; in hen house insulation, heating and cooling, the study "during the" developed a heat pipe and plate two kinds of winter ventilation heat recovery, to raise the temperature of the fresh air entering the room, eased to some extent, animal building winter contradictions ventilation and insulation. [0006] 然而上述改进和革新仍未能解决现有的养殖场运营能耗大、养殖成本居高不下、 舍内环境不易控制的老大难问题。 [0006] However, the above improvements and innovations can not solve the existing farm operating energy consumption, high cost of breeding, environmental discounted difficult to control chronic problem. 要推动肉禽产业的可持续发展,必须对目前的肉禽养殖场及肉禽养殖方式继续进行改革和创新,才能进一步降低能耗及环境控制成本,进而达到提高肉禽养殖效益的目的。 To promote the sustainable development of the poultry industry, we must be present and poultry farms poultry farming to continue the reform and innovation, in order to further reduce energy consumption and environmental control costs, thus achieving the purpose of improving the breeding efficiency of meat. 发明内容[0007] 本发明要解决的技术问题是一种运营能耗低、养殖成本低且养殖环境条件易于控4制的肉禽平稳饲养场,并给出了以该种饲养场进行肉鸡、肉鸭饲养的方法。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION [0007] This technical problem to be solved by the invention is a low operating power consumption, low cost of breeding and poultry breeding stable environmental conditions readily farm control system 4, and gives to the kind of broiler farms for meat a method of feeding ducks. [0008] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的技术方案是:[0009] 一种肉禽平稳养殖场,包括一定数量的栋舍,在所述栋舍内设置有养殖平网及通道,所述通道纵向布设栋舍内中间区域,所述养殖平网架设于该通道两侧的区域,在所述通道下方设置有通气道,所述通气道连通至位于该栋舍上风头一端的进气口,且该通气道经由设在所述通道处的一定数量的布气口向栋舍内均勻布气;在所述栋舍前后墙外侧设置有纵向的排粪道,且在该排粪道上方布设有一定数量的高出栋舍屋顶的抽气®,在所述养殖平网下方设置有对应的泄粪斜面,以使落至泄粪斜面的禽粪经栋舍墙根处的泄粪口泄入所述排粪道中。 [0008] To solve the above technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the invention is: [0009] A poultry farm stable, a number of buildings including homes, buildings discounted in the network and provided with a flat culture passage, the Building discounted laid longitudinally intermediate channel region, the culture flat grid disposed on both sides of the channel region, disposed below the channel has air passage, the air duct to communicate the intake port is located on one end of the limelight homes buildings and the air passage via the passage provided in a number of cloth at a uniform air distribution to the air inlet ridge premises; outside the ridge rounded front wall provided with a longitudinal channel defecation and defecation laid over the channel there are a number of rounded ridge of the roof above the suction ®, provided with a corresponding inclined surface beneath said drain manure breeding net, so that the slope down to the manure discharge poultry manure through the faecal-oral drain into the drain at the foot of the wall rounded ridge the defecation tract. 养殖平网可根据需要区隔成为若干个单元区域。 Flat screen according to need culture segment into several unit areas. [0010] 进气口处还可根据需要设置空气过滤装置(净化空气)、空气流量调节机构(调节通风量大小,控制舍内温、湿度和空气成分)等。 [0010] The intake port may be provided as necessary air filtering device (purge air), the air flow rate adjusting mechanism (adjusting the size of ventilation, temperature control discounted, humidity and air composition) and the like. 通风是调节禽舍环境条件的有效手段,不但可以输入新鲜空气,排出氨气(NH3)、硫化氢(&S)等有害气体,还可以调节温度、湿度。 Ventilation is an effective means of regulating the poultry house environment conditions, not only the input of fresh air, discharged ammonia (NH3), hydrogen sulfide (& S) and other harmful gases, can adjust the temperature and humidity. [0011] 在所述养殖平网的下方或在所述通气道中设置有调温水管网,该调温水管网接地下水供给装置和/或备用锅炉,同时连通地下水供给装置和备用锅炉时可以三通截止阀来控制水流的通断。 [0011] below the flat web culture or in the air duct provided with a temperature control pipe network, the pipe network connected to the groundwater supply temperature control means and / or backup boiler, while three o'clock groundwater supply means and backup communication boiler on-off valve to control the flow of water off. [0012] 所述地下水供给装置为设置在栋舍一端的地下室内的无塔供水装置;所述备用锅炉设置于栋舍一端。 [0012] The groundwater supplying means to the water supply device is provided in the basement tower rounded end of the ridge; boiler disposed in said alternate ridge rounded end. [0013] 所述泄粪斜面光滑平实,且在所述泄粪斜面的最靠上的位置处设置有纵向的微滴水管。 [0013] The manure discharge ramp smooth plain, and is provided with longitudinal micro drip tube at a position closest on the manure discharge ramp. [0014] 在所述养殖平网所处位置之上的栋舍前墙和/或后墙区域设置有透光窗;在所述养殖平网所处位置之下的栋舍前墙和/或后墙区域设置有备用透气窗。 [0014] Building on the rounded front wall of the culture flat screen location and / or rear region is provided with a light transmission window; Dong rounded front wall below the location of the culture flat screen and / or the back wall is provided with a backup gas-permeable window region. [0015] 所述排粪道从一端到另一端渐深形成一定的坡度,并通至积粪池或无害化处理设施,且所述排粪道两侧内壁及底壁平实光滑。 [0015] The defecation channel from one end to the other end of the gradual slope of a certain depth, and passed to the product or pits harmless treatment facilities, and an inner wall of the passage of feces and the bottom wall both plain and smooth. [0016] 所述抽气囱外涂敷有吸热层,或直接由吸热材料制成,且抽气囱上端口安装有防雨帽;在所述栋舍顶部纵向每间隔3〜^!设置一个备用透气天窗。 [0016] The exhaust chimney is coated with an outer heat absorbing layer, made of a heat absorbing material, or directly, and the exhaust port installed on the chimney with a rain hat; longitudinal rounded ridge at the top of the interval of 3 ~ ^! provided a gas-permeable alternate skylight. [0017] 在所述抽气囱内设置有相匹配的备用排风扇。 [0017] provided that matches the spare exhaust fan inside the exhaust chimney. [0018] 在所述栋舍一端设置有置料场。 [0018] provided in said ridge opposite yard round end. [0019] 在所述栋舍一端设置有备用药液混合箱,以带截止阀的管道连通至饮水系统进水接口,在需要通过饮水系统为禽只供给药液时,即可启用该药液混合箱。 [0019] disposed in the rounded ridge end spare chemical-liquid mixing tank, shut-off valve in communication with a conduit to drinking water system interface when necessary to supply liquid to poultry via drinking water system, to enable the chemical mixing box. [0020] 在所述养殖场周边空闲区域种植株高< Im的植物。 [0020] Growing height <Im in the plants outside the farm free area. [0021] 一种肉鸡平稳养殖方法,利用上述肉禽平稳养殖场进行养殖,包括以下步骤:[0022] (1)育雏1周龄时饲养密度为30〜50只/m2,2周龄时逐渐分群或扩散为15〜 30只/m2,3周龄时逐渐分群或扩散为10〜15只/m2 ;0〜3日龄采用24h光照,4〜7日龄22〜23h光照,以后18〜22h的光照,育雏期前1周光照强度5〜10W/m2,第2周2〜3W/ m2,3周后1〜1. 5ff/m2 ;育雏温度第1周为33〜,以后温度每周降2〜3°C,5周后温度变动范围为19〜育雏期相对湿度控制为60〜75% ;3日龄前雏禽饮水温度控制为18〜25°C,且饮水中加入5〜8%葡萄糖水、红糖水或者在饮水中加入电解多维,饮水每隔6〜8小时更换一次,4〜7日龄用凉开水,以后用自来水或深井水直接饮用;可用绿色或浅蓝色灯照明培育肉雏鸡。 [0021] A smooth broiler farming methods, using the smooth farms for breeding poultry, comprising the steps of: [0022] (1) brood rearing density is 30 ~ 50 weeks of age while only 1 / m2,2 gradually when grouping weeks or is a gradual diffusion or diffusion of grouping only 10 ~ 15 / m2 when 15~ 30 / m2,3 weeks; 0~3 days 24h using illumination light 22~23h 4~7 days after the 18~22h light, one week before the light intensity of brood 5~10W / m2, week 2 2~3W / m2,3 weeks 1~1 5ff / m2;. brooding temperatures 33~ 1 week, a week after the temperature drop 2 ~3 ° C, 5 weeks after the temperature fluctuation range of 19~ brood of 60~75% relative humidity; 3-day-old chicks before the water temperature is controlled to 18~25 ° C, and water was added 5 ~ 8% glucose water, brown sugar, water, or added to drinking water in the multi-dimensional electrolysis, water changed every 6 ~ 8 hours, 4~7 days with cold water, after using water or drinkable water from deep wells; available light blue or green lighting incubated meat chicken. [0023] (2)育成饲养密度为8〜12只/m2 ;舍内温度18〜23°C,相对湿度控制在60〜 65%,风速保持在0. 1〜0. 4m/s,通风量冬季1. 8〜2. 5m3/h,夏季7〜8 m3/h,春秋两季3〜 4m3/h ;通风量及风速可通过进气口、布气口开启面积的大小来进行综合调控。 [0023] (2) incubation of 8~12 stocking density only / m2; discounted temperature 18~23 ° C, relative humidity at 60~ 65%, the wind speed is maintained at / s, ventilation 0. 1~0 4m. winter 1. 8~2 5m3 / h, summer 7~8 m3 / h, in spring and autumn 3~ 4m3 / h; ventilation rate and wind speed can be opened through the air intake, air intake cloth the size of the area to carry out a comprehensive regulation. [0024] (3)育肥舍内温度20〜22°C,相对湿度控制在55〜60%,经15〜20天的育肥, 鸡的肥度符合要求,即可出栏。 [0024] (3) fattening discounted temperature 20~22 ° C, in 55~60% relative humidity, 15 ~ 20 days after fattening, chickens meet the requirements of the fat, to slaughter. 一般公鸡110〜120天,母鸡130〜140天出栏,此时出栏的鸡体重适宜、肉质细嫩、鲜味可口、香气宜人,是体重、肉质、成本三者的较佳结合点。 Usually cock 110~120 day, day slaughter 130~140 hen, chicken slaughter weight at this time is appropriate, tender meat, savory flavor, pleasant aroma, body weight, meat, preferably three binding sites cost. [0025] 本发明具有积极有益的效果:[0026] 1.禽舍结构设计新颖巧妙,可依靠自然风(风压作用)和舍内外温差(热压作用)形成的空气自然流动,且能避免出现死角和贼风等恶劣的小气候,使鸡舍内外空气得以交换, 保持舍内空气常年清新,且舍内气流稳定,整个鸡舍内气流均勻,无死角。 [0025] The present invention has positive beneficial effects: [0026] 1. The novel structure cleverly designed poultry house, may rely on natural wind (wind pressure) and a temperature difference between inside and outside homes (hot pressing) the natural flow of air is formed, and can avoid drafts dead ends and other inclement weather small, so that the air inside and outside the house to exchange indoor air perennial maintained fresh and discounted stable air flow, the air evenly throughout the house, no dead ends. [0027] 2.养殖场整体布局合理,功能完备,在保障通风的同时,有利于采光、及其它各项卫生措施的落实,便于舍内各项环境指标控制(料、水、光、温、风、空间和卫生),为家禽发挥最大的生产、遗传潜能创造条件;有利于各个生产阶段的操作和管理。 [0027] 2. farms overall layout is reasonable, full-featured, while ensuring the ventilation, lighting is conducive to the implementation of various health and other measures to facilitate the discounted indicators of environmental control (feed, water, light, temperature, air, space and health), to maximize the production of poultry, genetic potential to create conditions; conducive to the operation and management of the various stages of production. [0028] 3.抽气囱的使用,可使舍内形成气浴式定向气流,使禽体宿主性脱体菌体离身而去避免造成重复感染。 [0028] 3. The use of the exhaust chimney, discounted can form a gas stream directed bath, so that removal of the body of the host avian cells away from the body to avoid reinfection. [0029] 4.粪水自排系统可使禽粪迅速排集至舍外并进行无害化处理,既避免氨气、硫化氢、无蛋白带菌体漂浮等污浊气体和有害物质挥发漂浮至舍内,又消除了污染和传染源,且该系统可使饲养劳动强度大为降低。 [0029] 4. The system allows the discharge of manure from poultry manure discharge current rapidly to homes outside and harmless, both to avoid ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and other protein-free floating cells with dirty gases and volatile substances harmful to float discounted, and eliminate the source of infection and contamination, and the feeding system can be greatly reduced labor intensity. [0030] 5.采用地温补给法,舍内冬季温度不低于13度,夏季温度不高于沈度,可使舍内冬暖夏凉。 [0030] 5. The method of using geothermal supply, discounted temperature not lower than 13 degrees in winter, summer temperature not higher than the degree of heavy, can cool discounted. [0031] 6.有害及恶臭气体的减少可大大地降低畜禽呼吸道疾病发生率,为预防其他疾病奠定了基础,且消毒负担减轻,保健用药少,养殖费用大大降低,整体养殖平稳疫情少,动力及保温能耗低,养殖效益可大幅提高。 [0031] 6. reduce harmful and malodorous gases can greatly reduce the incidence of respiratory diseases of livestock and poultry, it laid the foundation for the prevention of other diseases, and reduce the burden of disinfection, care less medication, significantly reduced the cost of breeding, farming less stable epidemic overall, low power consumption and heat, breeding efficiency can be greatly improved. [0032] 7.本发明养殖方具有饲料转换率高、饲料节省、肉禽存活率高、疾病发生率低以及劳动效率(即人均肉禽饲养数高)的优点。 [0032] 7. The present invention has the advantage of breeding side feed conversion rate, feed-saving, high meat survival, disease and low labor efficiency (i.e., the number of poultry breeding high per capita) of. 附图说明[0033] 图1为一种肉禽平稳养殖场整体布局示意图;[0034] 图2为肉禽平稳养殖场中鸡舍平面布局示意图;[0035] 图3为肉禽平稳养殖场中鸡舍剖面结构示意图(沿图2中的AA向);[0036] 图4为肉禽平稳养殖场中侧视图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0033] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a poultry farm smooth overall layout; [0034] FIG. 2 is a schematic plan layout of poultry farms smooth house; [0035] FIG. 3 is a poultry farms smooth sectional house structure diagram (along line AA in FIG. 2); [0036] FIG. 4 is a side view of the poultry farms smooth. [0037] 图中1为鸡舍,2为沼气池,3为仓库,4为抽气囱,5为舍内通道,6为布气口,7为养殖平网单元区域,8为置料场,9为备用锅炉,10为无塔供水装置,11为进气口,12为排粪道,13为防雨帽,14为泄粪口,15为泄粪斜面,16为调温水管网,17为通气道,18为养殖平网,19为备用透气窗,20为透光窗,21为备用透气天窗,22为横梁,23为排粪道,24为抽气囱,25J6为微滴水管,27为养殖平网,28为泄粪斜面,29为泄粪口,30为备用药液混合箱。 [0037] FIG. 1 is a house, the digester 2, 3 warehouse, 4 exhaust chimney, discounted channel 5, 6 for the fabric port, 7 is a flat screen culture cell region 8 is set yard, 9 is a standby boiler, water tower equipment 10, an intake port 11, channel 12 of defecation, for the rain hat 13, 14 to vent the fecal-oral, fecal discharge ramp 15, 16 is a thermostat water supply network, 17 as airway, 18 farmed flat screen, standby ventilation windows 19, 20 for the light transmissive window 21 to the standby breathable skylights, beams 22, 23 of defecation channel, chimney 24 for the exhaust, 25J6 micro drip tube, aquaculture net 27 is flat, inclined surface 28 is a manure discharge, 29 is a vent fecal-oral, chemical-liquid mixing tank 30 as a spare. 具体实施方式[0038] 实施例1 一种肉禽平稳养殖场,参见图1、图2、图3、图4,包括一定数量的栋舍,在所述栋舍内设置有养殖平网18、27和通道5 (宽l.aii),养殖平网18、27根据需要区隔成为若干个单元区域7 ;通道5纵向布设栋舍内中间区域,养殖平网18、27架设于该通道5两侧的区域,在通道5下方设置有通气道17 (宽1. Im,高1. 7m,壁用泡砖砌筑),通气道5连通至位于该栋舍上风头一端的进气口11(2. 5X1. 5=3. 75 Hl2,深度1. 8m,可根据需要加大),且该通气道17经由设在所述通道处的一定数量的布气口6向栋舍内均勻布气;在所述栋舍前后墙外侧分别设有纵向的排粪道12、23 (上口宽1. 2m,下口宽lm,3%坡降),且在每条排粪道上方每隔3. 5m布设有一定数量的高出栋舍屋顶的抽气囱4、24(内径70cm,外径80cm,高細,抽气容积为1.53 m3,顶端设防雨帽,内置直径60cm排风扇备用) Example 1 A poultry farm smooth, see FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 3, FIG. 4, includes a number of rounded ridge, the ridge is provided with a discounted culture flat screen DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0038] Embodiment 18,27 and channel 5 (broad l.aii), flat screen culture cell regions 18,27 7 into several segments as needed; longitudinal channel 5 houses laid discounted intermediate region, bridged culture flat screen 18,27 on both sides of the channel 5 a region below the channel 5 is provided with 17 (width 1. Im, high 1. 7m, soaked brick masonry wall) vent channel, the vent channel 5 communicates through the intake port is located at one end of the limelight rounded ridge 11 (2 ... 5X1 5 = 3 75 Hl2, depth 1. 8m, can be increased as needed), and the air passage 17 via the air distribution port provided in the channel 6 at a number of uniform gas distribution to the ridge discounted; in Building the outside walls of the house are respectively provided before and after defecation longitudinal channels 12 and 23 (width of the upper opening 1. 2m, the opening width of lm, 3% gradient), at the top of each and every channel 3. 5m defecation there are laid above the exhaust chimney 4,24 ridge roof house a certain number of (70cm inner diameter, an outer diameter of 80cm, high fine suction volume of 1.53 m3, raincap top fortification, built 60cm diameter fan standby) 抽气囱4、对外涂敷有吸热层,且抽气囱4、M上端口安装有防雨帽13 ;排粪道12、23从一端到另一端渐深形成一定的坡度,并通至沼气池2,且排粪道12两侧内壁及底壁光滑平实;在养殖平网18下方设置有对应的泄粪斜面15 (为20度斜坡),以使落至泄粪斜面15、25的禽粪分别经栋舍墙根处的泄粪口14、29 (高50cm,宽275cm,随坡制作)泄入排粪道12、23中,泄粪斜面14、四光滑平实,且在泄粪斜面14J9的最靠上的位置处设置有纵向的微滴水管25、26 ;在通气道17 中设置有调温水管网16,该调温水管网16接地下水供给装置10 (大小吨位依全场供水每天启动五次一下为好,设置在栋舍一端的地下室内)和备用锅炉9 (轻型锅炉,煤柴两用);备用锅炉9设置于栋舍一端。 Exhaust chimney 4, the external layer coated with a heat absorbing, and evacuation chimney 4, the port 13 is mounted on the rain hat M; defecation deep channel 12, 23 a certain slope gradually from one end to the other end, and to pass 2 digesters, both sides of the inner wall of the channel 12 and the feces and the bottom wall is smooth plain; under culture flat screen 18 is provided with a corresponding inclined surface 15 manure drain (20 degree slope), so that the manure discharge ramp down to 15, 25 poultry manure drain through the faecal-oral ridge are rounded at the foot of the wall 14, 29 (high 50cm, 275cm wide, with the slope of production) into the discharge channel 12 and 23 of defecation, fecal discharge ramp 14, four plain and smooth, and the fecal discharge ramp at a position closest to the longitudinal provided 14J9 micro drip pipes 25, 26; 16 is provided with a temperature control pipe network in the air duct 17, the temperature control pipe network 16 connected to the groundwater supply device 10 (depending on the tonnage of the audience size of water start within about five times as well, set at one end of the house Building basement) and a backup boiler 9 (light boilers, kerosene and diesel dual-use) a day; backup boiler 9 is provided Building homes end. 在养殖平网18、27所处位置之上的栋舍前墙和后墙相应的区域均设置有透光窗20 (高70cm,宽70cm,塑钢结构,双扇对开,内置纱窗与钢囱);在养殖平网18、27所处位置之下的栋舍前墙和后墙相应的区域均设置有备用透气窗19(为外外开式,塑钢结构)。 Building front wall and the rounded area corresponding to the back wall 18, 27 above the location of the culture flat screen 20 is provided with a light transmitting window (70cm tall, 70cm wide, steel structures, off double fan, screens and built-in steel chimney ); Dong rounded front wall and the rear wall in the area corresponding to the location of culture under the flat screen 18,27 are provided with a backup gas permeable window 19 (outside the outer open, steel structures). 在栋舍顶部纵向每间隔3. 5m设置一个备用透气天窗21 (窗50X50cm,高30cm, 盖顶活动封闭式,内操作)。 At the top of each longitudinal rounded ridge 3. 5m intervals to set an alternate gas permeable sunroof 21 (window 50x50cm, high 30cm, roof activity closed, the operation). 在栋舍一端还设有置料场8。 In buildings also have rounded end 8 opposite yard. 在栋舍一端设置有备用药液混合箱30,以带截止阀的管道连通至饮水系统进水接口,在需要通过饮水系统为禽只供给药液时,即可启用该药液混合箱30。 In the ridge end is provided with a backup homes chemical-liquid mixing tank 30 to communicate with the pipeline shut-off valve to the drinking water system interface when necessary to supply liquid to poultry via drinking water system, the chemical-liquid mixing tank 30 to enable. [0039] 进场门设置在地势较高一侧,出禽只、出肥门设置在地势较低一端。 [0039] approach the higher elevated side door is provided, the poultry, the manure lying door is provided at the lower end. 栋舍排间不设横路,场内设置宽3〜5m的绕场道路。 No buildings between rows of homes Wang, venue set wide 3~5m circling road. 场内设置路面硬化的上行道(硬化宽度3m)和下行道(硬化宽度an),上行通道为进人、进料通道,下行通道为出禽只、出肥料通道,下行道两侧设置宽0. 5m、深0. 5m的硬化排水沟。 Field is provided on the carriageway surface hardening (hardening width of 3m) and a downlink channel (the width of photohardening AN), the uplink channels into the feed channel, the downstream channel is poultry, the manure channel, a downlink channel is provided on both sides of width 0 . 5m, deep drainage ditch hardening of 0. 5m. 在场内临近场外道路且地势较高的区域可布设生活区、仓库、供电房、供水间等配套设施。 In the field of off-road and on higher ground near the area can be laid between the living area, warehouse, power house, water supply and other facilities. [0040] 在所述养殖场周边空闲区域种植株高< Im的植物,如蔬菜、药材、牧草等,既可增加收益,也可以保证场内小环境的二氧化碳和氧气的转换,同时还可以为禽只提供适量的青绿饲料。 [0040] In the free area surrounding the farm cultivation height <Im plants, such as vegetables, herbs, grass, etc., can increase revenue, carbon dioxide and oxygen can be secured within the field of small environment conversion, and can also poultry provide the right amount of green feed. [0041] 养殖场周围可开挖围护沟(沟底宽3m、上口宽5〜6m,深&0,沟内保持水深在0. 6m以上,水沟内可种植有经济效益的莲藕、菱角之类的水生植物,并在水中放养杂鱼,以利于水体的循环净化。[0042] 该养殖场占地面积11. 245亩,用地面积10. 11亩,其中道路占地1. 35亩,鸡舍占地5. 44亩,沼气池占地0. 46亩,植被占地2. 85亩,可设23000只鸡位,年出栏140000只。[0043] 以上述肉禽平稳养殖场进行肉鸡养殖的方法,包括以下步骤:[0044] (1)育雏1周龄时饲养密度为40只/m2,2周龄时逐渐分群或扩散为20只/m2,3 周龄时逐渐分群或扩散为11〜14只/m2 ;0〜3日龄采用24h光照,4〜7日龄22〜23h 光照,以后18〜22h的光照,育雏期前1周光照强度5〜10W/m2,第2周2〜3W/m2,3周后1〜1. 5ff/m2 ;育雏温度第1周为33〜35°C,以后温度每周降2〜3°C,5周后温度变动范围为19〜育雏期相对湿度控制为6 [0041] The envelope around the farm can be excavated trench (groove bottom width of 3m, width catchy 5~6m, 0 & depth, trench depth remains above 0. 6m, the planting ditch economically beneficial lotus, water chestnut aquatic plants such, and trash fish stocked in the water, to facilitate the circulation of the purified water. [0042] the area of ​​farm acres 11.245, 10.11 mu land area, wherein the area of ​​1.35 mu road, 5.44 mu house covering, an area of ​​0.46 mu digesters, covers 2.85 acres of vegetation, chickens can be provided 23,000 bits, the slaughter 140,000. [0043] in the above-described for broiler poultry farms smooth the method comprising the steps of: grouping gradual diffusion or breeding density of 20 40 / m2,2 weeks old [0044] (1) 1 week old when brood / or gradual diffusion clustering to 11 weeks of age when m2,3 only ~ 14 / m2; 0~3 days 24h using illumination light 22~23h 4~7 days after 18~22h light, one week before the light intensity of brood 5~10W / m2, 2 ~ 2 weeks . 1~1 5ff / m2 3W / m2,3 weeks; 1 week brooding temperature 33~35 ° C, a week after the temperature drop 2~3 ° C, 5 weeks after brooding temperature fluctuation range of 19~ relative humidity control 6 0〜75% ;3日龄前雏禽饮水温度控制为18〜25°C, 且饮水中加入5〜8%葡萄糖水、红糖水或者在饮水中加入电解多维,饮水每隔6〜8小时更换一次,4〜7日龄用凉开水,以后用自来水或深井水直接饮用;可用绿色或浅蓝色灯照明培育肉雏鸡,其它同常规方法。[0045] (2)育成饲养密度为8〜12只/m2 ;舍内温度18〜23°C,相对湿度控制在60〜 65%,风速保持在0. 1〜0. 4m/s,通风量冬季1. 8〜2. 5m3/h,夏季7〜8 m3/h,春秋两季3〜 4m3/h ;其它同常规方法。[0046] (3)育肥舍内温度20〜22°C,相对湿度控制在55〜60%,其它同常规方法,经15〜20天的育肥,鸡的肥度符合要求,即可出栏。一般公鸡110〜120天,母鸡130〜140 天出栏,此时出栏的鸡体重适宜、肉质细嫩、鲜味可口、香气宜人,是体重、肉质、成本三者的较佳结合点。[0047] 实施例2 —种肉禽平稳养殖场,与实施例1基本相同,不 0~75%; 3-day-old chicks before the water temperature is controlled to 18~25 ° C, and water was added 5 ~ 8% glucose water, brown sugar, water, or added to drinking water in the multi-dimensional electrolysis, water replacement every 6 ~ 8 hours once 4~7 days with cold water, tap water for drinking or directly after the deep well; available light blue or green lighting incubated chicken meat, other [0045] (2) feeding a density of 8~12 incubation with conventional methods. only / m2; discounted temperature 18~23 ° C, relative humidity at 60~ 65%, the wind speed is maintained at 0. 1~0 4m / s, winter ventilation 1. 8~2 5m3 / h, 7 summer. ~8 m3 / h, in spring and autumn 3~ 4m3 / h;. other [0046] (3) fattening discounted temperature 20~22 ° C, relative humidity in a conventional manner with 55~60%, with other conventional methods, 15 ~ 20 days via fattening, chickens meet the requirements of the fat, to slaughter. Usually cock 110~120 day, day slaughter 130~140 hen, chicken slaughter weight at this time is appropriate, tender meat, delicious flavor, aroma pleasant, body weight, meat, preferably three binding sites cost [0047] Example 2 - kinds of poultry farms smooth, substantially the same as in Example 1, no 同之处在于:所述调温水管网设置在养殖平网的下方。 The same except that: the temperature control pipe is disposed below the culture flat mesh network.

Claims (10)

1. 一种肉禽平稳养殖场,包括一定数量的栋舍,在所述栋舍内设置有养殖平网及通道, 其特征在于,所述通道纵向布设栋舍内中间区域,所述养殖平网架设于该通道两侧的区域, 在所述通道下方设置有通气道,所述通气道连通至位于该栋舍上风头一端的进气口,且该通气道经由设在所述通道处的一定数量的布气口向栋舍内均勻布气;在所述栋舍前后墙外侧设置有纵向的排粪道,且在该排粪道上方布设有一定数量的抽气®,在所述养殖平网下方设置有对应的泄粪斜面,以使落至泄粪斜面的禽粪经栋舍墙根处的泄粪口泄入所述排粪道中。 A poultry farm stable, a number of buildings including homes, buildings discounted in the network and provided with a flat culture passages, wherein the longitudinal channel laid ridge discounted intermediate region, the flat screen culture erected on both sides of the channel region below said passage is provided with air passage, the air passage communicates to one end of the ridge located limelight rounded inlet port and the vent passage via the passage provided at a certain port number cloth uniform gas distribution to the ridge premises; outside the front and rear wall is provided with a rounded ridge defecation longitudinal channel, and has a number of laid ® above the exhaust passage defecation, the flat screen in culture disposed below a corresponding bevel manure discharge, so that discharge to the manure falling ramp poultry manure was rounded ridge vent manure discharge port at the foot of the wall into the channel of defecation.
2.根据权利要求1所述的肉禽平稳养殖场,其特征在于,在所述养殖平网的下方或在所述通气道中设置有调温水管网,该调温水管网接地下水供给装置和/或备用锅炉。 The poultry farm according smooth claim 1, characterized in that the temperature control pipe network or provided in the air duct in culture under the flat web, the temperature control pipe network access groundwater supply means and / or backup boiler.
3.根据权利要求2所述的肉禽平稳养殖场,其特征在于,所述地下水供给装置为设置在栋舍一端的地下室内的无塔供水装置;所述备用锅炉设置于栋舍一端。 3. The poultry farm stable in claim 2, wherein said water tower means groundwater supply means is disposed in the basement of buildings rounded end; boiler disposed in said alternate ridge rounded end.
4.根据权利要求1所述的肉禽平稳养殖场,其特征在于,所述泄粪斜面光滑平实,且在所述泄粪斜面的最靠上的位置处设置有纵向分布的微滴水管。 4. The poultry farm stable in claim 1, characterized in that the manure discharge ramp smooth plain, and disposed at a position closest to the manure discharge the ramp micro drip tube longitudinally distributed.
5.根据权利要求1所述的肉禽平稳养殖场,其特征在于,在所述养殖平网所处位置之上的栋舍前墙和/或后墙区域设置有透光窗;在所述养殖平网所处位置之下的栋舍前墙和/或后墙区域设置有备用透气窗。 The poultry farm according smooth claim 1, wherein the rounded front wall buildings over the culture flat screen location and / or rear region is provided with a light transmission window; in the culture Building rounded front wall below the location of the flat screen and / or rear region is provided with a backup ventilation windows.
6.根据权利要求1所述的肉禽平稳养殖场,其特征在于,所述排粪道从一端到另一端渐深形成一定的坡度,并通至积粪池或无害化处理设施,且所述排粪道两侧内壁及底壁光滑平实。 6. poultry farm according stable according to claim 1, wherein the defecating channel wore a certain slope from one end to the other end, and to the product through septic tanks or harmless treatment facilities, and the an inner wall of said channel sides and defecation bottom wall smooth plain.
7.根据权利要求1所述的肉禽平稳养殖场,其特征在于,所述抽气®外涂敷有吸热层, 或直接由吸热材料制成,且抽气囱上端口安装有防雨帽;在所述抽气囱内设置有相匹配的备用排风扇;在所述栋舍顶部纵向每间隔3〜^!设置一个备用透气天窗。 7. poultry farm according stable according to claim 1, wherein said exhaust ® coated with an outer heat absorbing layer, made of a heat absorbing material, or directly, and the port is mounted on the suction chimney rain cap; disposed within the exhaust chimney to match with a spare exhaust fan; on top of the rounded longitudinal ridge disposed at intervals of 3 ~ ^ a breathable alternate skylight!.
8.根据权利要求1所述的肉禽平稳养殖场,其特征在于,在所述栋舍一端设置有置料场和/或备用补液箱。 8. The poultry farm stable in claim 1, characterized in that a home yard and / or rehydration standby tank end rounding the ridge.
9.根据权利要求1所述的肉禽平稳养殖场,其特征在于,在所述养殖场周边空闲区域种植株高< Im的植物。 Poultry farm according to said stationary claimed in claim 1, wherein the plant cultivation farms surrounding area free height <Im is.
10. 一种肉鸡平稳养殖方法,利用权利要求1所述的肉禽平稳养殖场进行养殖,包括以下步骤:(1)育雏1周龄时饲养密度为30〜50只/m2,2周龄时逐渐分群或扩散为15〜30只/m2,3周龄时逐渐分群或扩散为10〜15只/m2 ;0〜3日龄采用24h光照,4〜7日龄22〜 23h光照,以后18〜22h的光照,育雏期前1周光照强度5〜10W/m2,第2周2〜3W/m2,3 周后1〜1. 5ff/m2 ;育雏温度第1周为33〜35°C,以后温度每周降2〜3°C,5周后温度变动范围为19〜;育雏期相对湿度控制为60〜75% ;3日龄前雏禽饮水温度控制为18〜 25°C,且饮水中加入5〜8%葡萄糖水、红糖水或者在饮水中加入电解多维,饮水每隔6〜8 小时更换一次,4〜7日龄用凉开水,以后用自来水或深井水直接饮用;(2)育成饲养密度为8〜12只/m2 ;舍内温度18〜23°C,相对湿度控制在60〜65%, 风速保持在0. 1〜0. 4m/s,通风量冬季1. 8〜2. 5m3/h, A smooth broiler farming methods, the use of claim poultry farm stable for breeding according to claim 1, comprising the steps of: when / m2,2 weeks of age (1) brood rearing density is 30 ~ 50 weeks of age while only gradually 1 grouping or diffusion of only 15~30 / or grouping gradual diffusion of only 10 ~ 15 / M2 when m2,3 weeks; 0~3 days 24h using illumination light 22~ 23h 4~7 days after 18~22h light, one week before the light intensity of brood 5~10W / m2, Week 2 2~3W / m2,3 weeks 1~1 5ff / m2;. 1 week brooding temperature 33~35 ° C, after the temperature weekly drop 2~3 ° C, the temperature fluctuation range of 19~ 5 weeks; brood of 60~75% relative humidity; 3-day-old chicks before the water temperature is controlled to 18~ 25 ° C, and water was added 5 ~ 8% glucose water, brown sugar, water, or added to drinking water in the multi-dimensional electrolysis, 6 ~ 8 hours to replace, 4~7 days with cold water, or water from deep wells with tap water after the drinkable water every; (2) feeding incubation a density of only 8~12 / m2; discounted temperature 18~23 ° C, in 60~65% relative humidity, wind speed is maintained at / s, winter ventilation 0. 1~0 4m 1. 8~2 5m3.. / h, 季7〜8 m3/h,春秋两季3〜4m3/ h;(3)育肥舍内温度20〜22 °C,相对湿度控制在55〜60%,经15〜20天的育肥,鸡的肥度符合要求,即可出栏。 Quaternary 7~8 m3 / h, in spring and autumn 3~4m3 / h; (3) fattening discounted temperature 20~22 ° C, in 55~60% relative humidity, 15 ~ 20 days after fattening, chicken fat degree to meet the requirements, you can slaughter.
CN2010105027727A 2010-10-11 2010-10-11 Meat and poultry steady breeding farm and dorking steady breeding method CN101965806B (en)

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