CN102972346B - Culture method based on graded stocking and cyclic utilization of soft-shelled turtles in greenhouse - Google Patents

Culture method based on graded stocking and cyclic utilization of soft-shelled turtles in greenhouse Download PDF

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CN102972346B
CN102972346B CN201210536202.9A CN201210536202A CN102972346B CN 102972346 B CN102972346 B CN 102972346B CN 201210536202 A CN201210536202 A CN 201210536202A CN 102972346 B CN102972346 B CN 102972346B
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soft
shelled turtle
pond
breed
suitable place
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CN102972346A (en
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刘大红
梁贺
王慧
蒋业林
赵明诚
董伟
荣朝振
于朝敏
吴明林
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Fisheries Research Institute Anhui AAS
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Abstract

The invention discloses a culture method based on the graded stocking and cyclic utilization of soft-shelled turtles in a greenhouse. According to the culture method, different stocking methods are adopted for the soft-shelled turtles according to different growth phases and different specifications, and by virtue of overall arrangement of the overall culture process and scientific stocking, the greenhouse utilization efficiency of the soft-shelled turtles is obviously improved, the unit production of culture is greatly improved, and the economic benefit and social benefit of a culture enterprise are improved.

Description

The cultural method recycling is put in the classification of soft-shelled turtle greenhouse in a suitable place to breed
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of aquaculture technology, the cultural method recycling is put in definite a kind of soft-shelled turtle greenhouse classification that says in a suitable place to breed.
Technical background
Soft-shelled turtle, has another name called the soft-shelled turtle, soft-shelled turtle, soft-shelled turtle, is commonly called as cuckold.Soft-shelled turtle is a kind of aquatic product economic animal of preciousness, and it is meat flavour deliciousness not only, nutritious, and protein content is high, is regarded as famous and precious invigorant, has become the hard-to-get commodity of domestic and international market.
At present, propagating artificially of soft-shelled turtle is rather well received, has become one of focus exploitation industry of various places, but owing to lacking the cultural technique of science, input is many, and income is few, has had a strong impact on the development of soft-shelled turtle industry and the economic benefit of breeding enterprise.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention aims to provide the greenhouse classification of a kind of soft-shelled turtle and puts the cultural technique recycling in a suitable place to breed, to improve the cultivation income of soft-shelled turtle, reduces production costs, and increases the economic benefit of enterprise.
Cultural method step of the present invention is as follows:
One, build field and make pond
Build a place of wanting Environment peace and quiet, having a good transport service, and have independent drainage system.Have abundant water resources pollution-free, water quality should meet national fishery water water standard.Greenhouse adopts steel frame construction to be combined construction with plastic tunnel.Soft-shelled turtle pond adopts brick mix structure, single pool area is advisable with 20 ㎡~30 ㎡, the dark 1m in pond, pond depth of water 0.6m~0.8m, pool wall is vertical, and top surrounding is to the flat anti-eaves of escaping of 5 ㎝~10cm that stretches out in pond, pot bottom-shape at the bottom of pond, angle, pond is curved, and all there are independently water inlet and drainage, indoor perfect heat supply temperature control, exhaust damping and the oxygen system of being provided with in each pond.In pond, hang plastic deeping things concealed and perch for soft-shelled turtle, lay food platform by the pool side of operator's row of channels, food platform is selected asbestos shingle, and 30cm in water is stretched in one end, and the food platform back side and the water surface are 20 °~30 ° angles.
Two, put front preparation and the sterilization of soft-shelled turtle pond in a suitable place to breed
Newly-built pond needs first to soak more than 2 weeks with the full pond of clear water, then soaks 3~5 days with 30mg/L bleaching powder.Lao Chi first soaks 3~5 days with 30mg/L bleaching powder, then soaks 3~5 days with quicklime 150mg/L.Need during this period fodder machine, enter pumping equipment, air feed, power supply facilities maintenance and inspection, ready.Food platform, net sheet also need to soak with clear water, then soak 3~5 days with 30mg/L bleaching powder, and grind off the sharp-pointed position of food platform (asbestos shingle) with instrument.
Put in a suitable place to breed first 7 days, Jiang Chishui is put dry, and clean with scour without sediment motion; Put in a suitable place to breed and within first 5 days, start to inject clear water in pond, flood to food platen 1cm~2cm, and with 2mg/L trichloro-isocyanuric acid disinfectant full pool spilling head; After 3~5 days, can put young soft-shelled turtle in a suitable place to breed.
Be described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that recycle utilization process chart is put in the classification of soft-shelled turtle greenhouse in a suitable place to breed;
Fig. 2 is that the classification of soft-shelled turtle greenhouse is put the cultural method of recycle utilization and common cultivation in a suitable place to breed and put Contrast on effect schematic flow sheet in a suitable place to breed.
Embodiment
One, stocking method
1, initially put in a suitable place to breed
At the bottom of the 8-9 month shown in Fig. 1, select the soft-shelled turtle pond of the gross area 1/3rd, by the breeding density of every square metre of 60 young soft-shelled turtles, throw in the young soft-shelled turtle of hatching then.When outdoor ponds natural temperature is during lower than 25 DEG C, start gradually greenhouse heat-insulating to be heated, water temperature heats up 1~2 DEG C every day, until water temperature remains on 30 DEG C~31 DEG C in greenhouse, day and night temperature is less than 2 DEG C.Greenhouse temperature remains on 32 DEG C~33 DEG C, higher than 1 DEG C~2 DEG C of water temperatures.
2, divide for the first time pond
At the bottom of the 11-12 month then, when soft-shelled turtle is supported long 5 centimetres of average body, put in a suitable place to breed by every square metre of 30 point ponds, put soft-shelled turtle in a suitable place to breed enlarged areas and arrive 2/3rds of the soft-shelled turtle pond gross area.
3, divide for the second time pond
At the bottom of the next year 1-2 month, when soft-shelled turtle is supported long 6.5 centimetres of average body, put in a suitable place to breed by every square metre of 20 point ponds, put soft-shelled turtle in a suitable place to breed enlarged areas and arrive whole soft-shelled turtles pond.
4, divide for the third time pond
At the bottom of the next year 5-6 month, outdoor water temperature stability more than 25 DEG C time, stops greenhouse heating insulation gradually, in the time that indoor and outdoor water temperature is consistent, by the breeding density of 7 every square metre, soft-shelled turtle to be stayed to warm indoor feeding and become commodity soft-shelled turtle, unnecessary whole outdoor ponds of transferring to are formed commodity soft-shelled turtle.
5, fish in batches
In August next year, through the raising of about a year, in greenhouse, stay foster soft-shelled turtle substantially to reach commodity soft-shelled turtle specification, start fish for listing in batches or transfer to outdoor ponds and put in a suitable place to breed, vacate the soft-shelled turtle pond that accounts for the gross area 1/3rd, the sterilization of clear pond, prepares initially putting in a suitable place to breed to next round cultivation.
6, greenhouse recycles
September of next year, by the soft-shelled turtle pond that in greenhouse, vacate August, as the next round culture-cycle initially put pond in a suitable place to breed, by the breeding density of 60 every square metre, put the young soft-shelled turtle of hatching then in a suitable place to breed, start the circulation of next round culture-cycle.Next year by the end of November before, stay foster commodity soft-shelled turtle to continue to fish for listing, then vacate the soft-shelled turtle pond that accounts for the gross area 1/3rd, give over to next round and put in a suitable place to breed for subsequent use in a point pond for the first time.In by the end of January, the 3rd before, in greenhouse, remaining commodity soft-shelled turtle is all fished for listing, for next round for the second time, a point pond is put in a suitable place to breed ready for the third time.
Two, put requirement in a suitable place to breed
Initially put in a suitable place to breed or when a point pond is put in a suitable place to breed, young soft-shelled turtle or young soft-shelled turtle must be placed on food platen lightly, allow soft-shelled turtle climb into voluntarily in pool inner water; Put pond water temperature in a suitable place to breed and be not more than 2 DEG C with the water temperature temperature difference of putting in a suitable place to breed in front soft-shelled turtle pond.The soft-shelled turtle that put in a suitable place to breed in same soft-shelled turtle pond requires shirt rim to unfold, stands up flexibly, and physique stalwartness, neat specification, anosis without wound, without deformity.
Three, feeding and management
1, throw feeding method
The young soft-shelled turtle young soft-shelled turtle compound feed of selling on market of throwing something and feeding, feed is the pellet of soft or hard appropriateness, feed particle diameter≤3mm.The feed of can throwing something and feeding the 2nd day morning after putting in a suitable place to breed.Feed day throws 3 times, and in 6 o'clock~7 o'clock morning, at 12 o'clock at noon, 5 o'clock~6 o'clock afternoon respectively once; The forage volume of at every turn throwing something and feeding is advisable to eat up in 1 hour.
The children soft-shelled turtle compound feed for young soft-shelled turtles of selling on market of throwing something and feeding, feed is the pellet of soft or hard appropriateness, feed particle diameter≤5mm.Feed day throws 2 times, 6 o'clock~7 o'clock morning, 5 o'clock~6 o'clock afternoon each throwing 1 time, the forage volume of at every turn throwing something and feeding is advisable to eat up in 1 hour.
The commodity soft-shelled turtle compound feed of mature trionyx sinensis of selling on market of throwing something and feeding, feed is the pellet of soft or hard appropriateness, feed particle diameter≤7mm.Feed day throws 2 times, 6 o'clock~7 o'clock morning, 5 o'clock~6 o'clock afternoon each throwing 1 time, the forage volume of at every turn throwing something and feeding is advisable to eat up in 1 hour.
2, throw and raise requirement: train young soft-shelled turtle, young soft-shelled turtle, commodity soft-shelled turtle food waterborne.Young soft-shelled turtle is put the initial stage in a suitable place to breed, and feedstuff feeding, at the underwater portion of food platform, progressively changes the above water of throwing at food platform into after 30 days.The regular jobs such as cleaning every day food platform, soil pick-up blowdown, oxygenation exhaust complete before throwing is raised, and throw and raise rear maintenance greenhouse peace and quiet, do not alarm soft-shelled turtle food, shine the back of the body.
3, water temperature regulate and control: greenhouse water temperature regulate and control to 30 DEG C~31 DEG C, day and night temperature should be less than 2 DEG C.Greenhouse temperature remains on 32 DEG C~33 DEG C, higher than 1 DEG C~2 DEG C of water temperatures.Keep the soft-shelled turtle pond depth of water 0.8m summer, sun-shading ventilating, prevents water temperature over-high.
4, water quality management: the oxygenation 1~2 hour of ventilating every day of soft-shelled turtle pond, greenhouse, every 1~2 day soil pick-up or blowdown 1 time.If Chi Shui gives out foreign odor taste, change the 1/3 pond water yield at every turn, but notice that the soft-shelled turtle pond water temperature temperature difference is no more than 2 DEG C.Each throwing raised front unlatching ventilating fan, purifies warm room air, is strictly on guard against gathering of indoor toxic and harmful.
5, the sick control of soft-shelled turtle: enter greenhouse every day and operate the soft-shelled turtle pond of will first patrolling, find dead soft-shelled turtle, should first pull and do harmless treatment out; Find that disease soft-shelled turtle isolates in time, put in a suitable place to breed in Special hospital soft-shelled turtle pond, the control of suiting the medicine to the illness.The EM bacterium of splashing 1 time every 10 days, concentration 1mg/L, notices that EM bacterium can not be with bactericide or bacteriostatic agent with using.
Four, contrast with the culture efficiency of common cultural method
One of cultivation shown in Fig. 1 is soft-shelled turtle greenhouse cultivation of the present invention field, all arrange, built 300 culturing pools with two soft-shelled turtle greenhouse cultivation fields of common cultivation of contrast, each culturing pool is 20 square metres, wherein cultivate the plant of, the technology of putting in a suitable place to breed that has adopted classification to put in a suitable place to breed to recycle, by the overall arrangement of cultivation overall process, science are put in a suitable place to breed, compared with common cultural technique, cultivation per unit area yield, culture benefit have all increased more than 63%, and economic benefit obviously promotes.
The classification of the invention process soft-shelled turtle is put in a suitable place to breed, intention novelty; Greenhouse recycles to be planned as a whole rationally, and breeding technology is leading, and synergy is obvious, and the blank of the domestic and international same industry has been filled up in the exploitation of this technology.

Claims (1)

1. the cultural method recycling is put in the classification of soft-shelled turtle greenhouse in a suitable place to breed, it is characterized in that: it comprises the following steps:
(1) build field and make pond
Build field and want Environment peace and quiet, the place having a good transport service, and have independently, drainage system, have abundant water resources pollution-free, water quality should meet national fishery water water standard, greenhouse adopts steel frame construction to be combined construction with plastic tunnel, soft-shelled turtle pond adopts brick mix structure, single pool area is 20 ㎡~30 ㎡, the dark 1m in pond, pond depth of water 0.6m~0.8m, pool wall is vertical, top surrounding is to the flat anti-eaves of escaping of 5 ㎝~10cm that stretches out in pond, pot bottom-shape at the bottom of pond, angle, pond is curved, all there are independently water inlet and drainage in each pond, indoorly be provided with perfect heat supply temperature control, exhaust damping and oxygen system, in pond, hanging plastic deeping things concealed perches for soft-shelled turtle, lay food platform by the pool side of operator's row of channels, food platform is selected asbestos shingle, 30cm in water is stretched in one end, the food platform back side and the water surface are 20 °~30 ° angles,
(2) put front preparation and the sterilization of soft-shelled turtle pond in a suitable place to breed
First soak more than 2 weeks with the full pond of clear water in newly-built pond, then soak 3~5 days with 30mg/L bleaching powder, Lao Chi first soaks 3~5 days with 30mg/L bleaching powder, then soaks 3~5 days with quicklime 150mg/L, needs during this period fodder machine, enter pumping equipment, air feed, power supply facilities maintenance and inspection, ready, food platform, net sheet also need to soak with clear water, then soak 3~5 days with 30mg/L bleaching powder, and grind off the sharp-pointed position of asbestos shingle with instrument;
Put in a suitable place to breed first 7 days, Jiang Chishui is put dry, and clean with scour without sediment motion; Put in a suitable place to breed and within first 5 days, start to inject clear water in pond, flood to food platen 1cm~2cm, and with 2mg/L trichloro-isocyanuric acid disinfectant full pool spilling head; After 3~5 days, put young soft-shelled turtle in a suitable place to breed;
(3) stocking method
(1) initially put in a suitable place to breed
At the bottom of the annual 8-9 month, select the soft-shelled turtle pond of the gross area 1/3rd, by the breeding density of every square metre of 60 young soft-shelled turtles, throw in the young soft-shelled turtle of hatching then, when outdoor ponds natural temperature is during lower than 25 DEG C, start gradually greenhouse heat-insulating to be heated, water temperature heats up 1~2 DEG C every day, until water temperature remains on 30 DEG C~31 DEG C in greenhouse, day and night temperature is less than 2 DEG C, greenhouse temperature remains on 32 DEG C~33 DEG C, higher than 1 DEG C~2 DEG C of water temperatures;
(2) divide for the first time pond:
At the bottom of the 11-12 month then, when soft-shelled turtle is supported long 5 centimetres of average body, put in a suitable place to breed by every square metre of 30 point ponds, put soft-shelled turtle in a suitable place to breed enlarged areas and arrive 2/3rds of the soft-shelled turtle pond gross area;
(3) divide for the second time pond:
At the bottom of the next year 1-2 month, when soft-shelled turtle is supported long 6.5 centimetres of average body, put in a suitable place to breed by every square metre of 20 point ponds, put soft-shelled turtle in a suitable place to breed enlarged areas and arrive whole soft-shelled turtles pond;
(4) divide for the third time pond:
At the bottom of the next year 5-6 month, outdoor water temperature stability more than 25 DEG C time, stops greenhouse heating insulation gradually, in the time that indoor and outdoor water temperature is consistent, by the breeding density of 7 every square metre, soft-shelled turtle to be stayed to warm indoor feeding and become commodity soft-shelled turtle, unnecessary whole outdoor ponds of transferring to are formed commodity soft-shelled turtle;
(5) fish in batches:
In August next year, through the raising of about a year, in greenhouse, stay foster soft-shelled turtle substantially to reach commodity soft-shelled turtle specification, start fish for listing in batches or transfer to outdoor ponds and put in a suitable place to breed, vacate the soft-shelled turtle pond that accounts for the gross area 1/3rd, the sterilization of clear pond, prepares initially putting in a suitable place to breed to next round cultivation;
(6) greenhouse recycles
September of next year, by the soft-shelled turtle pond that in greenhouse, vacate August, initially put pond in a suitable place to breed as the next round culture-cycle, by the breeding density of 60 every square metre, put the young soft-shelled turtle of hatching then in a suitable place to breed, start the circulation of next round culture-cycle, next year by the end of November before, stay foster commodity soft-shelled turtle to continue to fish for listing, vacate again the soft-shelled turtle pond that accounts for the gross area 1/3rd, give over to next round for the first time a point pond put in a suitable place to breed for subsequent use, in by the end of January, the 3rd before, in greenhouse, remaining commodity soft-shelled turtle is all fished for listing, for next round for the second time, a point pond is put in a suitable place to breed ready for the third time;
(4) put requirement in a suitable place to breed
Initially put in a suitable place to breed or when a point pond is put in a suitable place to breed, young soft-shelled turtle or young soft-shelled turtle must be placed on food platen lightly, allow soft-shelled turtle climb into voluntarily in pool inner water; Put pond water temperature in a suitable place to breed and be not more than 2 DEG C with the water temperature temperature difference of putting in a suitable place to breed in front soft-shelled turtle pond, the soft-shelled turtle that put in a suitable place to breed in same soft-shelled turtle pond requires shirt rim to unfold, stand up flexibly, and physique stalwartness, neat specification, anosis without wound, without deformity;
(5) feeding and management
(1) throw feeding method
The young soft-shelled turtle young soft-shelled turtle compound feed of selling on market of throwing something and feeding, feed is the pellet of soft or hard appropriateness, feed particle diameter≤3mm, the feed of throwing something and feeding the 2nd day morning after putting in a suitable place to breed, feed day throws 3 times, and in 6 o'clock~7 o'clock morning, at 12 o'clock at noon, 5 o'clock~6 o'clock afternoon is respectively once; The forage volume of at every turn throwing something and feeding is to eat up in 1 hour;
The children soft-shelled turtle compound feed for young soft-shelled turtles of selling on market of throwing something and feeding, feed is the pellet of soft or hard appropriateness, feed particle diameter≤5mm, feed day throws 2 times, 6 o'clock~7 o'clock morning, 5 o'clock~6 o'clock afternoon each throwing 1 time, the forage volume of at every turn throwing something and feeding is to eat up in 1 hour;
The commodity soft-shelled turtle compound feed of mature trionyx sinensis of selling on market of throwing something and feeding, feed is the pellet of soft or hard appropriateness, feed particle diameter≤7mm, feed day throws 2 times, 6 o'clock~7 o'clock morning, 5 o'clock~6 o'clock afternoon each throwing 1 time, the forage volume of at every turn throwing something and feeding is to eat up in 1 hour;
(2) throw and raise requirement: train young soft-shelled turtle, young soft-shelled turtle, commodity soft-shelled turtle food waterborne, young soft-shelled turtle is put the initial stage in a suitable place to breed, feedstuff feeding is at the underwater portion of food platform, after 30 days, progressively change the above water of throwing at food platform into, cleaning every day food platform, soil pick-up blowdown, oxygenation exhaust, regular job completes before throwing is raised, and throws and raises rear maintenance greenhouse peace and quiet, does not alarm soft-shelled turtle food, shines the back of the body;
(3) water temperature regulate and control: greenhouse water temperature regulate and control to 30 DEG C~31 DEG C, day and night temperature should be less than 2 DEG C, and greenhouse temperature remains on 32 DEG C~33 DEG C, higher than 1 DEG C~2 DEG C of water temperatures, keeps the soft-shelled turtle pond depth of water 0.8m summer, and sun-shading ventilating, prevents water temperature over-high;
(4) water quality management: soft-shelled turtle pond, the greenhouse oxygenation 1~2 hour of ventilating every day, every 1-2 days soil pick-up or blowdown 1 time, if Chi Shui gives out foreign odor taste, change the 1/3 pond water yield at every turn, but notice that the soft-shelled turtle pond water temperature temperature difference is no more than 2 DEG C, each throwing raised front unlatching ventilating fan, purifies warm room air, is strictly on guard against gathering of indoor toxic and harmful;
(5) the sick control of soft-shelled turtle: enter greenhouse every day and operate the soft-shelled turtle pond of will first patrolling, find dead soft-shelled turtle, should first pull and do harmless treatment out; Find that disease soft-shelled turtle isolates in time, put in a suitable place to breed in Special hospital soft-shelled turtle pond, the control of suiting the medicine to the illness, the EM bacterium of splashing 1 time every 10 days, concentration 1mg/L, notices that EM bacterium can not be with bactericide or bacteriostatic agent with using.
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CN103843722B (en) * 2013-08-07 2015-06-03 湖南金琮汉寿甲鱼有限公司 Pure breeding method for soft-shelled turtles
CN104304801A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-01-28 福建天马饲料有限公司 Special powdered compound feed for adult Chinese softshell turtles under greenhouse breeding mode
CN104430003A (en) * 2015-01-04 2015-03-25 梧州市景泰养鳖专业合作社 Manual constructing method of Chinese soft-shelled turtle pond
CN105746396A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-13 周吴 Staged breeding method for greenhouse soft-shelled turtles
CN106719252A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 A kind of hardening pond high-density fish culture system and method for preposition water process
CN107787920A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-03-13 安徽省淮丰园渔业科技有限公司 A kind of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis two-step method cultural technique

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