CN101978859B - Formula of macrobrachium nipponense feed and method for preparing macrobrachium nipponense compound feed from macrobrachium nipponense feed - Google Patents

Formula of macrobrachium nipponense feed and method for preparing macrobrachium nipponense compound feed from macrobrachium nipponense feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101978859B
CN101978859B CN2010105566313A CN201010556631A CN101978859B CN 101978859 B CN101978859 B CN 101978859B CN 2010105566313 A CN2010105566313 A CN 2010105566313A CN 201010556631 A CN201010556631 A CN 201010556631A CN 101978859 B CN101978859 B CN 101978859B
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feed
meal
macrobrachium
macrobrachium nipponense
oil
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CN2010105566313A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101978859A (en
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黄旭雄
胡盼
尹彦强
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上海海洋大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention relates to a formula of a macrobrachium nipponense feed and a method for preparing a macrobrachium nipponense compound feed from the macrobrachium nipponense feed. The formula of the macrobrachium nipponense feed consists of fish meal, fermented soybean meal, peanut meal, blood powder, yeast, flour, multi-vitamin, multi-mineral, shrimp bran, soybean oil, fish oil, phospholipid oil, squid liver powder and yeast extract. The method for preparing the macrobrachium nipponense compound feed from the macrobrachium nipponense feed comprises the following steps of: weighing according to the feed formula, stirring and mixing in a stirrer, introducing steam, preparing particles with the particle size of 1 to 1.6mm, dehydrating, cooling, and reducing the temperature of the particles to room temperature to obtain the macrobrachium nipponense compound feed. The macrobrachium nipponense compound feed is used for feeding macrobrachium nipponense, contributes to meeting the nutritional requirements of the macrobrachium nipponense and improving the food intake of the macrobrachium nipponense, improves feed utilization, increases the yield of the cultured macrobrachium nipponense and reduces culture cost. The macrobrachium nipponense compound feed is applied to the feed used in the culture of the macrobrachium nipponense.

Description

Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula and make the method for Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of feed formula, particularly relate to a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula and make the method for Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed.
Background technology:
Macrobrachium nipponensis (Macrobrachium nipponensis) is commonly called as river prawn, and freshwater shrimp belongs to Crustachia, Decapoda, swimming suborder, Palaemonidae, pond crayfish genus.Macrobrachium nipponensis is distributed widely in each freshwater of China and some brackish water waters.As far back as the fifties in last century, China has just carried out propagating artificially of Macrobrachium nipponensis, the characteristics such as growth is fast because Macrobrachium nipponensis has, good stress resistance, strong adaptability, and it is the widest to have become at present China's cultured area, one of economic freshwater shrimps of output maximum.
Macrobrachium nipponensis has very strong attack and defense behavior, be not suitable for, lack at breeding environment and lack certain nutrient in food or the food, when cultivation density is excessive, often show the very high rate of killing each other, Macrobrachium nipponensis also shows very strong territorial behavior in addition, when Macrobrachium nipponensis is had a rest, often keep to each other larger distance (in the spheric region take antennule as radius).Except the mating of male and female shrimp, seldom see distance between Macrobrachium nipponensis less than feeler length.Its territorial behavior shows especially obviously when taking food, and generally all is that prawn searches for food first, waits prawn to leave rear shrimp and could begin food.This strong aggressiveness and territoriality be so that Macrobrachium nipponensis indoor culture survival rate is lower, restricted the research of Macrobrachium nipponensis nutritional need and carried out with mixed feed and develop.Present on the market rarer special Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed, feeds utilized Penaeus Vannmei or the Macrobrachium rosenbergii feed of mostly being in the Macrobrachium nipponensis cultivation, therefore, can not finely satisfy the nutritional need of Macrobrachium nipponensis, exist the Macrobrachium nipponensis food ration low in the cultivation, the higher deficiency that waits of feed coefficient causes aquaculture cost to increase, and benefit reduces.Therefore, await developing a kind of mixed feed nutritional need characteristics, balanced in nutrition that meets Macrobrachium nipponensis, to meet the need of market.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to provide a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of this Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula to make the method for Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed.
The Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed that uses Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula of the present invention to make is fed Macrobrachium nipponensis and is helped to satisfy the nutritional need of Macrobrachium nipponensis, improve the food ration of Macrobrachium nipponensis, improve the utilization of feed, improve cultivation Macrobrachium nipponensis output, reduce aquaculture cost.
Solution of the present invention is to achieve the above object: the percentage by weight of the feed formula each component of Macrobrachium nipponensis of the present invention is got: fish meal 22~28%, fermented bean dregs 11.7~13.7%, peanut meal 14~15%, blood meal 6~7%, yeast 2-4%, flour 21.8~26%, compound vitamin 0.5~1%, compound many ore deposits 1~1.5%, shrimp chaff 2~2.5%, soybean oil 1.5~2%, fish oil 1.5~2%, phosphatide oil 1.5~2%, squid liver powder 1.5~2.5%, yeast extract 0.5~1%.
The preferred weight percent of Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula each component of the present invention is got: fish meal 28%, fermented bean dregs 11.7%, peanut meal 14%, blood meal 7%, yeast 2%, flour 26%, compound vitamin 0.5%, compound many ore deposits 1%, shrimp chaff 2.5%, soybean oil 1.5%, fish oil 1.5%, phosphatide oil 1.5%, squid liver powder 2.0%, yeast extract 0.8%.
Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula of the present invention is made the method for Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed and is carried out with the following step:
A, take by weighing fish meal, fermented bean dregs, peanut meal, blood meal, yeast, flour, compound vitamin, compound many ore deposits, shrimp chaff, soybean oil, fish oil, phosphatide oil, squid liver powder, yeast extract by the requirement of Japanese pond crayfish feed formula each component percentage by weight;
B, fish meal, fermented bean dregs, peanut meal, shrimp chaff were pulverized respectively 80 mesh sieves, and put into simultaneously mixer and mix;
C, compound vitamin, compound many ore deposits, squid liver powder, yeast extract are put into mixer simultaneously, continue to mix;
D, blood meal, yeast, flour are put into mixer simultaneously, continue to mix;
E, add the water that each component of soybean oil, fish oil, phosphatide oil and Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula adds up to weight 14%~15% again, pass into simultaneously steam, make mixture temperature remain on 90 ℃~95 ℃, and proceed to stir;
F, with granulator mixture is made the particle that particle diameter is 1~1.6mm;
G, remain on 90~95 ℃ temperature 45 minutes;
H, with air-cooler dehydration, cooling, making the particle water content is 9%-12%, particle temperature is down to room temperature, namely makes the Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed.
The nutritional labeling of Macrobrachium nipponensis feed of the present invention (% weight in wet base) is: moisture 9.13%, crude protein are 41.65%, crude fat 8.66%, ash content 9.24%, total energy 20.2MJ/Kg, lysine 2.59%, methionine 0.62%, it is good to compare at present commercially available substitute, sees Table one.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
1. this prescription forms in that the Macrobrachium nipponensis nutritional need is carried out comprehensive and systematic Research foundation, has widely experiment basis and scientific basis, and can satisfy the nutritional need of Macrobrachium nipponensis.
2. can find out from feedstuff, add the problem that several protein sources have overcome single protein sources amino acid imbalance, be conducive to improve efficiency of feed utilization, reduce the ammonia nitrogen discharging, environmental contamination reduction.
3. the dregs of beans that adds in the feed has been eliminated the ANFs in the dregs of beans for through the fermented bean dregs after the improvement, makes the protein in the dregs of beans easier of Macrobrachium nipponensis absorption, utilization.
4. this prescription feed production technology is similar with general pellet, is convenient to large-scale promotion.
5. show through feeding experiment, raise Macrobrachium nipponensis with the feed that this prescription is produced, can improve the Macrobrachium nipponensis growth performance, improve the Macrobrachium nipponensis fanning economics.
The specific embodiment:
Embodiment one:
The percentage by weight of the feed formula each component of Macrobrachium nipponensis of the present invention is got: fish meal 22~28%, fermented bean dregs 11.7~13.7%, peanut meal 14~15%, blood meal 6~7%, yeast 2-4%, flour 21.8~26%, compound vitamin 0.5~1%, compound many ore deposits 1~1.5%, shrimp chaff 2~2.5%, soybean oil 1.5~2%, fish oil 1.5~2%, phosphatide oil 1.5~2%, squid liver powder 1.5~2.5%, yeast extract 0.5~1%.
Wherein compound vitamin, compound many ore deposits, squid liver powder and yeast extract are all available from Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province Ke Sheng feed corporation,Ltd.
Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula of the present invention is made the method for Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed and is carried out with the following step:
A, take by weighing fish meal, fermented bean dregs, peanut meal, blood meal, yeast, flour, compound vitamin, compound many ore deposits, shrimp chaff, soybean oil, fish oil, phosphatide oil, squid liver powder, yeast extract by the requirement of Japanese pond crayfish feed formula each component percentage by weight;
B, fish meal, fermented bean dregs, peanut meal, shrimp chaff were pulverized respectively 80 mesh sieves, and put into simultaneously mixer and mix;
C, compound vitamin, compound many ore deposits, squid liver powder, yeast extract are put into mixer simultaneously, continue to mix;
D, blood meal, yeast, flour are also put into mixer simultaneously, continue to mix;
E, add the water that each component of soybean oil, fish oil, phosphatide oil and Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula adds up to weight 14%~15% again, pass into simultaneously steam, make mixture temperature remain on 90 ℃~95 ℃, and proceed to stir;
F, with granulator mixture is made the particle that particle diameter is 1~1.6mm;
G, remain on 90~95 ℃ temperature 45 minutes;
H, with air-cooler dehydration, cooling, making the particle water content is 9%-12%, particle temperature is down to room temperature, namely makes the Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed.
Embodiment two:
A, get: 2.8 kilograms of fish meal, 1.17 kilograms of fermented bean dregs, 1.4 kilograms of peanut meals, 0.7 kilogram of blood meal, 0.2 kilogram in yeast, 2.6 kilograms in flour, 0.05 kilogram of compound vitamin, 0.1 kilogram in compound many ore deposits, 0.25 kilogram of shrimp chaff, 0.15 kilogram of soybean oil, 0.15 kilogram in fish oil, 0.15 kilogram of phosphatide oil, 0.2 kilogram of squid liver powder, 0.08 kilogram of yeast extract
Wherein compound vitamin, compound many ore deposits, squid liver powder and yeast extract are all available from Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province Ke Sheng feed corporation,Ltd;
B, fish meal, fermented bean dregs, peanut meal and shrimp chaff were pulverized respectively 80 mesh sieves, and put into simultaneously mixer and mix;
C, compound vitamin, compound many ore deposits, squid liver powder, yeast extract are put into mixer simultaneously, continue to mix;
D, blood meal, yeast, flour are also put into mixer simultaneously, continue to mix;
E, add the water of soybean oil, fish oil, phosphatide oil and 1.5 kilograms again, pass into simultaneously steam, make mixture temperature remain on 90 ℃~95 ℃, and proceed to stir;
F, with granulator mixture is made the particle that particle diameter is 1~1.6mm;
G, remain on 90~95 ℃ temperature 45 minutes;
H, with air-cooler dehydration, cooling, making the particle water content is 9%-12%, particle temperature is down to room temperature, namely makes the Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed.
Feed cultivation Macrobrachium nipponensis with Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula preparation of the present invention:
Raising initial body weight in the indoor culture system is 0.11g, and 35 of the Macrobrachium nipponensis that first initial body length is 2.16cm cultivate after 55 days, the average weight of Macrobrachium nipponensis is 0.48g, and average body is long to be 3.36cm, then its relative weight gain rate 336.36%, relative growth rate 55.56%, survival rate 90.48%.The Macrobrachium nipponensis biochemical composition (% dry weight) of cultivation is crude protein 93.12%, crude fat 6.10%.
Computing formula:
Survival rate (%)=survival shrimp number/input shrimp number * 100
Relative growth rate (%)=(whole opisthosoma grow-just makes body length)/first initial body long * 100
The relative weight gain rate (%)=(whole opisthosoma weigh-just makes body weight)/just make body weight * 100
Coefficient=total feeding volume/(whole gross weight-first gross weight) raised in apparent throwing.
Feed cultivation Macrobrachium nipponensis with Macrobrachium nipponensis feed formula preparation of the present invention:
Be the Macrobrachium nipponensis of 0.14g in the pond culture initial weight, putting the seedling amount is 41.6 jin, cultivates 90 days, 87 jin of per mu yield commercial sized prawns, and 48.57 jin of regrowth hair shrimps, total per mu yield is 135.57 jin, and total per mu yield value is 3668.43 yuan/mu, and a mu gross profit is 2440.51 yuan/mu.The mu gross profit is higher 797.72 yuan than commercial goods material mu gross profit (1642.79 yuan/mu).
The trophic component contrast (% weight in wet base) of the feed of table one cultivation Macrobrachium nipponensis

Claims (3)

1. a Macrobrachium nipponensis feed is characterized in that the percentage by weight of this feed formula each component is: fish meal 22~28%, fermented bean dregs 11.7~13.7%, peanut meal 14~15%, blood meal 6~7%, yeast 2-4%, flour 21.8~26%, compound vitamin 0.5~1%, compound many ore deposits 1~1.5%, shrimp chaff 2~2.5%, soybean oil 1.5~2%, fish oil 1.5~2%, phosphatide oil 1.5~2%, squid liver powder 1.5~2.5%, yeast extract 0.5~1%.
2. a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis feed according to claim 1 is characterized in that the percentage by weight of this feed formula each component is: fish meal 28%, fermented bean dregs 11.7%, peanut meal 14%, blood meal 7%, yeast 2%, flour 26%, compound vitamin 0.5%, compound many ore deposits 1%, shrimp chaff 2.5%, soybean oil 1.5%, fish oil 1.5%, phosphatide oil 1.5%, squid liver powder 2.0%, yeast extract 0.8%.
3. a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis feed according to claim 1 and 2 is made the method for Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed, and the method comprises the following steps:
A, take by weighing fish meal, fermented bean dregs, peanut meal, blood meal, yeast, flour, compound vitamin, compound many ore deposits, shrimp chaff, soybean oil, fish oil, phosphatide oil, squid liver powder, yeast extract by the requirement of Japanese pond crayfish feed each component percentage by weight;
B, fish meal, fermented bean dregs, peanut meal, shrimp chaff were pulverized respectively 80 mesh sieves, and put into simultaneously mixer and mix;
C, compound vitamin, compound many ore deposits, squid liver powder, yeast extract are put into mixer simultaneously, continue to mix;
D, blood meal, yeast, flour are also put into mixer simultaneously, continue to mix;
E, add the water that each component of soybean oil, fish oil, phosphatide oil and Macrobrachium nipponensis feed adds up to weight 14%~15% again, pass into simultaneously steam, make mixture temperature remain on 90 ℃~95 ℃, and proceed to stir;
F, with granulator mixture is made the particle that particle diameter is 1~1.6mm;
G, remain on 90~95 ℃ temperature 45 minutes;
H, with air-cooler dehydration, cooling, making the particle water content is 9%-12%, particle temperature is down to room temperature, namely makes the Macrobrachium nipponensis mixed feed.
CN2010105566313A 2010-11-23 2010-11-23 Formula of macrobrachium nipponense feed and method for preparing macrobrachium nipponense compound feed from macrobrachium nipponense feed CN101978859B (en)

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CN103141694B (en) * 2013-03-09 2014-07-30 盐城工学院 Mixed feed capable of improving antioxidant performance of macrobrachium nipponensis
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