CN105249005A - Tea seed meal feed for promoting high yield of shrimps and preparation method of tea seed meal feed - Google Patents

Tea seed meal feed for promoting high yield of shrimps and preparation method of tea seed meal feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105249005A
CN105249005A CN201510728219.8A CN201510728219A CN105249005A CN 105249005 A CN105249005 A CN 105249005A CN 201510728219 A CN201510728219 A CN 201510728219A CN 105249005 A CN105249005 A CN 105249005A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
powder
shrimps
meal
tea oil
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Pending
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CN201510728219.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
奚业文
凌武海
王如峰
王子舟
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QUANJIAO CHIZHEN LOBSTER ECONOMIC PROFESSIONAL COOPERATION
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QUANJIAO CHIZHEN LOBSTER ECONOMIC PROFESSIONAL COOPERATION
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Priority to CN201510728219.8A priority Critical patent/CN105249005A/en
Publication of CN105249005A publication Critical patent/CN105249005A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses tea seed meal feed for promoting high yield of shrimps and a preparation method of the tea seed meal feed. The tea seed meal feed is prepared from the following ingredients in parts by weight: 300 to 340 parts of tea seed meal, 5 to 7 parts of citric acid, 25 to 27 parts of sorghum flour, 4 to 7 parts of otter liver powder, 18 to 23 parts of peeled soybean meal, 12 to 15 parts of spirulina powder, 5 to 6 parts of chicken liquid, 4 to 5 parts of sea buckthorn oil, 3 to 4 parts of butterflybush flower, 2 to 3 parts of high-locust tree leaves, 1 to 2 parts of juncus effusus, 2 to 3 parts of astragalus membranaceus leaves, 24 to 27 parts of rice meal, 11 to 14 parts of locusts powder, 7 to 9 parts of lotus seed powder, 0.4 to 0.6 parts of mold funli leavening agents, 4 to 6 parts of jujube honey, 3 to 4 parts of konjaku flour, 3 to 4 parts of eel bone meal, 2 to 3 parts of gynostemma pentaphylla flour and 5 to 8 parts of papaya protein powder. The feed is fragrant, delicious and palatable and can be easily digested; the unit yield of the shrimps can be improved; the growth period of the shrimps is shortened; the nutrition absorption and conversion by the shrimps is promoted; the weight increase of the shrimps is accelerated; the shrimp growth is fast; the yield is high; the shrimp body size is large; the shrimp flesh is fresh; the shrimps can easily survive.

Description

A kind of leached tea oil slag feed promoting shrimp high yield and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, particularly relate to a kind of leached tea oil slag feed promoting shrimp high yield and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Leached tea oil slag is that tea seed extracts the leftover bits and pieces after tea oil through processing, and be rich in the compositions such as protein, fat, starch and crude fibre, its crude protein content, about 15%, is good protein resource.Though leached tea oil slag has higher protein content, all do not obtain effective exploitation in the past in long time, this makes its nutritive value really not bring into play.In the past because process technology is relatively backward, the noxious materials such as the Tea Saponin contained by leached tea oil slag are failed all to remove, cause feed also exist palatability difference, nutrition absorption rate low, be unfavorable for the drawbacks such as animal growth, limit the development of animal husbandry to a certain extent.Nowadays, under the environment that global forage protein demand increases day by day, find new protein resource and replace cereal crops to be the Important Actions promoting animal husbandry development, and leached tea oil slag a kind of new protein resource had compared with great development potentiality beyond doubt.And leached tea oil slag to be realized really by animal husbandry is utilized, necessary reform traditional technique, improve development level, realize nontoxicization of leached tea oil slag, improve the nutrition absorption rate in leached tea oil slag, develop the feed of leached tea oil slag of high-quality, high palatability, only in this way, could accept by people and support, realize the cost degradation of cultivation, accelerate China animal husbandry and advance.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of leached tea oil slag feed promoting shrimp high yield and preparation method thereof and preparation method thereof.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
Promote a leached tea oil slag feed for shrimp high yield, the weight portion of its constitutive material is: leached tea oil slag 300-340, citric acid 5-7, sorghum flour 25-27, otter hepar siccatum 4-7, dehulled soybean meal 18-23, spirulina powder 12-15, chicken extract 5-6, Seabuckthorn Oil 4-5, butterflybush flower 3-4, high Chinese scholartree leaf 2-3, rush 1-2, Folium Astragali 2-3, rice meal 24-27, locust powder 11-14, lotus nut starch 7-9, mucor leavening 0.4-0.6, jujube flower honey 4-6, konjaku flour 3-4, yellow eel bone meal 3-4, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder 2-3, Papain powder 5-8.
The preparation method of the leached tea oil slag feed of described promotion shrimp high yield, comprises the following steps:
(1) mixed with its weight portion 10-15 water doubly by leached tea oil slag, 2-3 hour is boiled in heating, water filtration is removed, adds citric acid and mix thoroughly in leached tea oil slag filter residue, and dipping 2-3 days, takes out, and puts into pot and roasts to dry, obtain detoxification leached tea oil slag;
(2) sorghum flour, otter hepar siccatum, dehulled soybean meal, spirulina powder are mixed with chicken extract, within pickled 2-3 days, take out, then mix thoroughly inside Seabuckthorn Oil heating is poured into, be put in 80-85 DEG C of baking box roasting 50-60 minute and take out;
(3) butterflybush flower, Gao Huaiye, rush, Folium Astragali and its weight portion 5-6 water are doubly mixed pull an oar, gained slurries and rice meal, locust powder, lotus nut starch are mixed, floods and put into oven for drying after 3-5 hour;
(4) by the mixing of materials of step (1), step (2), step (3), add water and regulate water content to 40-44%, add mucor leavening to stir and evenly mix, load fermentation vat sealing and fermenting, ferment and open fermentation vat after 50-60 hour, add jujube flower honey again, konjaku flour stirs and evenly mixs, continue fermentation and take out after 30-40 hour;
(5) by the fermented product of step (4) and yellow eel bone meal, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder and remaining raw material blending, be sent in granulator and granulate and get final product.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, the present invention by leached tea oil slag by boiling the mode pretreatment with acidleach, eliminate anti-nutrition component wherein, obtain detoxification leached tea oil slag, then with detoxification leached tea oil slag for primary raw material, by with sorghum flour, otter hepar siccatum, butterflybush flower, the auxiliary materials such as rice meal coordinate, adopt mucor fermentation, make the small molecular protein in leached tea oil slag and auxiliary material, polypeptide, amino acid is released, improve the digestibility of leached tea oil slag, due to the participation of auxiliary material in sweat, the nutrition of leached tea oil slag after fermenting and fragrance are increased greatly, the fermentation later stage is by adding jujube flower honey, konjaku flour, induction of flavor formation and the lifting of product, improve the quality of product, add the appetite of shrimp.
2, feed delicate fragrance of the present invention, delicious food, agreeable to the taste, easy to digest, can improve the specific yield of shrimp, shorten the growth cycle of shrimp, promote that shrimp is to the absorption of nutrition and conversion, accelerates the weightening finish of shrimp, shrimp growth is fast, and output is high, and head is large, and meat is fresh, easily survives.
Detailed description of the invention
Be clearly and completely described to the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention below; obviously; described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention; instead of whole embodiments; based on the embodiment in the present invention; those of ordinary skill in the art, not making other embodiments all obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Promote a leached tea oil slag feed for shrimp high yield, the weight portion (kilogram) of its constitutive material is: leached tea oil slag 300, citric acid 5, sorghum flour 25, otter hepar siccatum 4, dehulled soybean meal 18, spirulina powder 12, chicken extract 5, Seabuckthorn Oil 4, butterflybush flower 3, high Chinese scholartree leaf 2, rush 1, Folium Astragali 2, rice meal 24, locust powder 11, lotus nut starch 7, mucor leavening 0.4, jujube flower honey 4, konjaku flour 3, yellow eel bone meal 3, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder 2, Papain powder 5.
The preparation method of the leached tea oil slag feed of described promotion shrimp high yield, comprises the following steps:
(1) mixed by the water of leached tea oil slag with its weight portion 15 times, heating boils 3 hours, water filtration is removed, adds citric acid and mix thoroughly, flood 2 days in leached tea oil slag filter residue, takes out, and puts into pot and roasts to dry, obtain detoxification leached tea oil slag;
(2) sorghum flour, otter hepar siccatum, dehulled soybean meal, spirulina powder are mixed with chicken extract, within pickled 2 days, take out, then mix thoroughly inside Seabuckthorn Oil heating is poured into, be put in 85 DEG C of baking boxs roasting 50 minutes and take out;
(3) butterflybush flower, Gao Huaiye, rush, Folium Astragali are mixed with the water of its weight portion 5 times pull an oar, gained slurries and rice meal, locust powder, lotus nut starch are mixed, floods and put into oven for drying after 3 hours;
(4) by the mixing of materials of step (1), step (2), step (3), add water and regulate water content to 40%, add mucor leavening to stir and evenly mix, load fermentation vat sealing and fermenting, ferment and open fermentation vat after 60 hours, add jujube flower honey again, konjaku flour stirs and evenly mixs, continue fermentation and take out after 30 hours;
(5) by the fermented product of step (4) and yellow eel bone meal, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder and remaining raw material blending, be sent in granulator and granulate and get final product.
In order to using value of the present invention is described, inventor has carried out following test: inventor is healthy by 2000, the shrimp that body weight is close is divided into test group and control group 2 groups, often organize 5 repetitions, each repetition 200, test group shrimp adopts feed of the present invention to feed, control group shrimp adopts common similar feed to feed, two groups of shrimp each scales of feeding every day are equal, at raising 3 months com-parison and analysis, result display test group reduces 72.54% than the sick rate of control group, average daily gain improves 9.58%, efficiency of feed utilization improves 23.74%, feeding cost reduces 38.92%.

Claims (2)

1. one kind promotes the leached tea oil slag feed of shrimp high yield, it is characterized in that, the weight portion of its constitutive material is: leached tea oil slag 300-340, citric acid 5-7, sorghum flour 25-27, otter hepar siccatum 4-7, dehulled soybean meal 18-23, spirulina powder 12-15, chicken extract 5-6, Seabuckthorn Oil 4-5, butterflybush flower 3-4, high Chinese scholartree leaf 2-3, rush 1-2, Folium Astragali 2-3, rice meal 24-27, locust powder 11-14, lotus nut starch 7-9, mucor leavening 0.4-0.6, jujube flower honey 4-6, konjaku flour 3-4, yellow eel bone meal 3-4, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder 2-3, Papain powder 5-8.
2. the preparation method of the leached tea oil slag feed of promotion shrimp high yield according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) mixed with its weight portion 10-15 water doubly by leached tea oil slag, 2-3 hour is boiled in heating, water filtration is removed, adds citric acid and mix thoroughly in leached tea oil slag filter residue, and dipping 2-3 days, takes out, and puts into pot and roasts to dry, obtain detoxification leached tea oil slag;
(2) sorghum flour, otter hepar siccatum, dehulled soybean meal, spirulina powder are mixed with chicken extract, within pickled 2-3 days, take out, then mix thoroughly inside Seabuckthorn Oil heating is poured into, be put in 80-85 DEG C of baking box roasting 50-60 minute and take out;
(3) butterflybush flower, Gao Huaiye, rush, Folium Astragali and its weight portion 5-6 water are doubly mixed pull an oar, gained slurries and rice meal, locust powder, lotus nut starch are mixed, floods and put into oven for drying after 3-5 hour;
(4) by the mixing of materials of step (1), step (2), step (3), add water and regulate water content to 40-44%, add mucor leavening to stir and evenly mix, load fermentation vat sealing and fermenting, ferment and open fermentation vat after 50-60 hour, add jujube flower honey again, konjaku flour stirs and evenly mixs, continue fermentation and take out after 30-40 hour;
(5) by the fermented product of step (4) and yellow eel bone meal, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder and remaining raw material blending, be sent in granulator and granulate and get final product.
CN201510728219.8A 2015-11-02 2015-11-02 Tea seed meal feed for promoting high yield of shrimps and preparation method of tea seed meal feed Pending CN105249005A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107373212A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-11-24 胡从玉 A kind of breeding feed for improving freshwater shrimp immunity of organisms
CN108850692A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-23 西南大学 A kind of composite bait for fish culture
CN108887518A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-27 西南大学 It can be improved the fattening feed of crab meat quality

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101773192A (en) * 2010-01-14 2010-07-14 天津大学 Preparation method of degreased peach kernel protein powder
CN101978859A (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-02-23 上海海洋大学 Formula of macrobrachium nipponense feed and method for preparing macrobrachium nipponense compound feed from macrobrachium nipponense feed
CN104381641A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-03-04 安徽华亿农牧科技发展有限公司 Disease prevention and detoxification feed for fish and shrimps in fresh water, and preparation method of feed
CN104489354A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-08 全椒县赤镇龙虾经济专业合作社 Lobster feed capable of purifying water and improving immunity and preparation method of lobster feed

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101773192A (en) * 2010-01-14 2010-07-14 天津大学 Preparation method of degreased peach kernel protein powder
CN101978859A (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-02-23 上海海洋大学 Formula of macrobrachium nipponense feed and method for preparing macrobrachium nipponense compound feed from macrobrachium nipponense feed
CN104381641A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-03-04 安徽华亿农牧科技发展有限公司 Disease prevention and detoxification feed for fish and shrimps in fresh water, and preparation method of feed
CN104489354A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-08 全椒县赤镇龙虾经济专业合作社 Lobster feed capable of purifying water and improving immunity and preparation method of lobster feed

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Title
曾益坤: "茶叶籽制油及综合开发利用", 《中国油脂》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107373212A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-11-24 胡从玉 A kind of breeding feed for improving freshwater shrimp immunity of organisms
CN108850692A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-23 西南大学 A kind of composite bait for fish culture
CN108887518A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-27 西南大学 It can be improved the fattening feed of crab meat quality

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Application publication date: 20160120