CN105325684A - Pumpkin residue feed for promoting shrimp protein synthesis, and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Pumpkin residue feed for promoting shrimp protein synthesis, and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105325684A
CN105325684A CN201510661829.0A CN201510661829A CN105325684A CN 105325684 A CN105325684 A CN 105325684A CN 201510661829 A CN201510661829 A CN 201510661829A CN 105325684 A CN105325684 A CN 105325684A
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parts
pumpkin
feed
dried
residue
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CN201510661829.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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张厚冰
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张厚冰
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Priority to CN201510661829.0A priority Critical patent/CN105325684A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention discloses a pumpkin residue feed for promoting shrimp protein synthesis, and a preparation method thereof, wherein the raw materials comprise, by weight, 260-280 parts of pumpkin residue, 2-3 parts of zanthoxylum bungeanum shell, 7-9 parts of dried squid, 15-17 parts of flax cake, 8-10 parts of grape seed residue, 3-4 parts of chicken bone oil, 3-4 parts of abelmoschus esculentus, 1-2 parts of mulberry, 2-3 parts of scutellaria baicalensis leaf, 17-18 parts of sorghum flour, 12-15 parts of sesame residue, 4-7 parts of lotus root starch, 0.3-0.5 part of baker's yeast, 4-6 parts of egg yolk powder, 3-5 parts of yeast extract, 1-2 parts of angelica seed oil, 1-2 parts of high fructose syrup, 2-3 parts of amygdalus persica powder, and 2-3 parts of strawberry jam. According to the present invention, the pumpkin residue feed has characteristics of aroma, feeding attraction, good palatability, shrimp protein synthesis promoting, nutrition absorption and digestion enhancing, shrimp growth and weight gain promoting, feed digestibility improving, material consumption reducing, and feed cost reducing.

Description

A kind of pumpkin residua feed promoting shrimp protein matter to synthesize and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, particularly relate to a kind of pumpkin residua feed promoting shrimp protein matter to synthesize and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Pumpkin has another name called wheat melon, pumpkin, pumpkin, golden wax gourd, belongs to Curcurbitaceae Cucurbita.Originate in Southern Asia, impoverishment tolerant arid, vitality is extremely strong, and its output is high, to climatic environment strong adaptability, all generally cultivates in various places, China north and south, and China's pumpkin distribution is the widest, and because the place of production is different, call is different.Tender melon can do vegetables, and taste is sweet agreeable to the taste, is one of melon dish of summer and autumn, the capable of using as feed or coarse cereals of old melon, therefore many places are referred to as again " meal melon ".Pumpkin nutrient composition is more complete, nutritive value is also higher, containing protein 0.6g, fatty 0.1g, carbohydrate 5.7g, crude fibre 1.1g in the ripe fruit of every 100g, be rich in the trace elements such as carrotene, riboflavin, niacin, ascorbic acid, arginine, asparagine, trigonelline, adenine, pectin, Soluble Fiber, solubility chlorophyll and potassium, magnesium, copper, silicon in addition.While pumpkin large-scale development, also create a large amount of pumpkin residua waste materials, if to these waste materials not Appropriate application in addition, not only can contaminant water soil resource, also can grow germ, finally cause huge disaster to the mankind.In pumpkin residua waste material, still maintain much nutrition and functional component, but the exploitation dynamics of current China to pumpkin residua is also more weak, Exploitation Scope is also extensive not.In animal feed, pumpkin residua is adopted to be that development of raw materials some feeds out still also exist the shortcomings such as palatability difference, nutrient absorption utilization rate is low, animal growth is slow, attractant is poor.Better utilized to enable pumpkin residua resource, simultaneously also in order to reduce the use in breeding process of corn, wheat, the cost reducing cultivating link drops into, therefore, need to strengthen the Technical investment in development process, only in this way, high-quality feed product can just be developed to meet the demand of breeding production.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of pumpkin residua feed promoting shrimp protein matter to synthesize and preparation method thereof.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
Promote the pumpkin residua feed that shrimp protein matter is synthesized, the weight portion of its constitutive material is: pumpkin residua 260-280, pricklyash hull 2-3, dried squids 7-9, linseed meal 15-17, grape pip slag 8-10, chicken animal oil 3-4, okra 3-4, mulberries 1-2, scutellaria leaf 2-3, Chinese sorghum face 17-18, sesame residues 12-15, lotus root starch 4-7, Saccharomyces cerevisiae 0.3-0.5, dried hen egg yolk 4-6, yeast extract 3-5, angelica seed oil 1-2, HFCS 1-2, yellow peach powder 2-3, strawberry jam 2-3.
The preparation method of the pumpkin residua feed of described promotion shrimp protein matter synthesis, comprises the following steps:
(1) pumpkin residua dried be crushed to 50-80 order, then pricklyash hull is pulverized and mix to decoct afterwards with its weight portion 10-15 water doubly and pour out for 20-30 minute, splash and to mix thoroughly in pumpkin residua, place 2-3 days stand-by;
(2) steaming taking-up in 20-25 minute by passing into steam after dried squids, linseed meal, the fragmentation of grape pip slag, spilling chicken animal oil and mixing thoroughly, loading in jar, sealing taking-up in 2-3 days stand-by;
(3) okra, mulberries, scutellaria leaf cleaned and mixed with its weight portion 2-3 water doubly, being poured in beater and breaking into slurries, then Chinese sorghum face is added and mix thoroughly, flood after 8-10 hour and take out, dry stand-by;
(4) material of step (1), step (2) is mixed with sesame residues, lotus root starch, then add Saccharomyces cerevisiae to mix thoroughly, add water again and regulate water content to 34-36%, load fermenting tank for fermentation, ferment and open fermentation vat after 45-50 hour, again the material of step (3) is added and mix thoroughly, continue fermentation 30-35 hour, obtain fermented product;
(5) by the fermented product of step (4) and dried hen egg yolk, yeast extract, angelica seed oil and remaining raw material blending, be sent in granulator and granulate and get final product.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, the present invention take pumpkin residua as primary raw material, first decocts water to its modification by pricklyash hull, tentatively improves digestibility and the palatability of pumpkin residua; Then by coordinating with dried squids, linseed meal etc., employing Saccharomyces cerevisiae ferments, improve the content of the small molecular protein in pumpkin residua, amino acid, crude fibre, vitamin etc., again by coordinating with okra, mulberries, scutellaria leaf etc., carry out secondary fermentation, further increase nutritive value and the palatability of pumpkin residua; Obtain the pumpkin residua of quality softness after fermentation, its flavour and mouthfeel improve greatly, greatly facilitate the appetite of shrimp, and adding of dried hen egg yolk, yeast extract more enhances local flavor, improve the feed intake of shrimp.
2, the present invention's fragrance food calling, good palatability, can promote shrimp synthetic protein, strengthens absorption and the digestion of nutrition, promotes shrimp growth-weight gain, improve feed digestibility, reduces material consumption, reduces feed cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the present invention, every simple distortion that other are made when not departing from core of the present invention or amendment all fall into protection scope of the present invention.
Promote the pumpkin residua feed that shrimp protein matter is synthesized, the weight portion (kilogram) of its constitutive material is: pumpkin residua 260, pricklyash hull 2, dried squids 7, linseed meal 15, grape pip slag 8, chicken animal oil 3, okra 3, mulberries 1, scutellaria leaf 2, Chinese sorghum face 17, sesame residues 12, lotus root starch 4, Saccharomyces cerevisiae 0.3, dried hen egg yolk 4, yeast extract 3, angelica seed oil 1, HFCS 1, yellow peach powder 2, strawberry jam 2.
The preparation method of the pumpkin residua feed of described promotion shrimp protein matter synthesis, comprises the following steps:
(1) pumpkin residua dried be crushed to 50 orders, then pricklyash hull is pulverized and decoct after mixing with the water of its weight portion 10 times and pour out for 20 minutes, splash and to mix thoroughly in pumpkin residua, place 2 days stand-by;
(2) steaming taking-up in 20 minutes by passing into steam after dried squids, linseed meal, the fragmentation of grape pip slag, spilling chicken animal oil and mixing thoroughly, load in jar, seal taking-up in 2 days stand-by;
(3) okra, mulberries, scutellaria leaf cleaned and mixed with the water of its weight portion 2 times, being poured in beater and breaking into slurries, then Chinese sorghum face being added and mix thoroughly, flooding after 8 hours and take out, dry stand-by;
(4) material of step (1), step (2) is mixed with sesame residues, lotus root starch, then add Saccharomyces cerevisiae to mix thoroughly, add water again and regulate water content to 34%, load fermenting tank for fermentation, ferment and open fermentation vat after 45 hours, again the material of step (3) is added and mix thoroughly, continue fermentation 35 hours, obtain fermented product;
(5) by the fermented product of step (4) and dried hen egg yolk, yeast extract, angelica seed oil and remaining raw material blending, be sent in granulator and granulate and get final product.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, inventor has done following test: 2000 shrimps are equally divided into test group and control group 2 groups according to age in days, body weight, principle that health status is close by inventor, often organize 4 repetitions, each repetition 250, then test group and the shrimp of control group are fed feed of the present invention and common similar feed respectively, after feeding 2 months, find that test group reduces 28.45% than the sick rate of control group, average daily gain improves 17.53%, efficiency of feed utilization improves 27.35%, feeding cost reduces 35.67%.

Claims (2)

1. the pumpkin residua feed promoting shrimp protein matter to synthesize, it is characterized in that, the weight portion of its constitutive material is: pumpkin residua 260-280, pricklyash hull 2-3, dried squids 7-9, linseed meal 15-17, grape pip slag 8-10, chicken animal oil 3-4, okra 3-4, mulberries 1-2, scutellaria leaf 2-3, Chinese sorghum face 17-18, sesame residues 12-15, lotus root starch 4-7, Saccharomyces cerevisiae 0.3-0.5, dried hen egg yolk 4-6, yeast extract 3-5, angelica seed oil 1-2, HFCS 1-2, yellow peach powder 2-3, strawberry jam 2-3.
2. the preparation method of the pumpkin residua feed of promotion shrimp protein matter synthesis according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) pumpkin residua dried be crushed to 50-80 order, then pricklyash hull is pulverized and mix to decoct afterwards with its weight portion 10-15 water doubly and pour out for 20-30 minute, splash and to mix thoroughly in pumpkin residua, place 2-3 days stand-by;
(2) steaming taking-up in 20-25 minute by passing into steam after dried squids, linseed meal, the fragmentation of grape pip slag, spilling chicken animal oil and mixing thoroughly, loading in jar, sealing taking-up in 2-3 days stand-by;
(3) okra, mulberries, scutellaria leaf cleaned and mixed with its weight portion 2-3 water doubly, being poured in beater and breaking into slurries, then Chinese sorghum face is added and mix thoroughly, flood after 8-10 hour and take out, dry stand-by;
(4) material of step (1), step (2) is mixed with sesame residues, lotus root starch, then add Saccharomyces cerevisiae to mix thoroughly, add water again and regulate water content to 34-36%, load fermenting tank for fermentation, ferment and open fermentation vat after 45-50 hour, again the material of step (3) is added and mix thoroughly, continue fermentation 30-35 hour, obtain fermented product;
(5) by the fermented product of step (4) and dried hen egg yolk, yeast extract, angelica seed oil and remaining raw material blending, be sent in granulator and granulate and get final product.
CN201510661829.0A 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Pumpkin residue feed for promoting shrimp protein synthesis, and preparation method thereof Pending CN105325684A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105942042A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-09-21 中国科学院海洋研究所 Penaeus vannamei Boone compound feed and preparation method thereof
WO2021063047A1 (en) * 2019-09-30 2021-04-08 香港科技大学 Use of extract of overground part of scutellariae radix in aquaculture

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103844130A (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-11 赖世权 Prawn feed
CN104171306A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-12-03 句容市华南水产养殖专业合作社 Shrimp feed and preparation method thereof
CN104738321A (en) * 2013-12-25 2015-07-01 庞新旭 Blue tail shrimp feed
CN104905007A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-16 甘肃农垦天牧乳业有限公司 Preparation method of pumpkin pulp-contained full-value micro-ecology feed for ruminants
CN104957414A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-10-07 甘肃农垦天牧乳业有限公司 Preparation method of complete micro-ecological feed containing farmland by-products for ruminant animals

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103844130A (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-11 赖世权 Prawn feed
CN104738321A (en) * 2013-12-25 2015-07-01 庞新旭 Blue tail shrimp feed
CN104171306A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-12-03 句容市华南水产养殖专业合作社 Shrimp feed and preparation method thereof
CN104905007A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-16 甘肃农垦天牧乳业有限公司 Preparation method of pumpkin pulp-contained full-value micro-ecology feed for ruminants
CN104957414A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-10-07 甘肃农垦天牧乳业有限公司 Preparation method of complete micro-ecological feed containing farmland by-products for ruminant animals

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105942042A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-09-21 中国科学院海洋研究所 Penaeus vannamei Boone compound feed and preparation method thereof
WO2021063047A1 (en) * 2019-09-30 2021-04-08 香港科技大学 Use of extract of overground part of scutellariae radix in aquaculture

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Application publication date: 20160217