CN105249006A - Tea seed meal feed for shortening shrimp growth period and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Tea seed meal feed for shortening shrimp growth period and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105249006A
CN105249006A CN201510728543.XA CN201510728543A CN105249006A CN 105249006 A CN105249006 A CN 105249006A CN 201510728543 A CN201510728543 A CN 201510728543A CN 105249006 A CN105249006 A CN 105249006A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
powder
shrimp
tea oil
leached tea
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Pending
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CN201510728543.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
奚业文
凌武海
王如峰
王子舟
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QUANJIAO CHIZHEN LOBSTER ECONOMIC PROFESSIONAL COOPERATION
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QUANJIAO CHIZHEN LOBSTER ECONOMIC PROFESSIONAL COOPERATION
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Priority to CN201510728543.XA priority Critical patent/CN105249006A/en
Publication of CN105249006A publication Critical patent/CN105249006A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses a tea seed meal feed for shortening a shrimp growth period and a preparation method thereof. The tea seed meal feed is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 300 to 340 parts of tea seed meal, 5 to 7 parts of citric acid, 24 to 26 parts of sunflower seed cakes, 20 to 23 parts of grass powder, 13 to 15 parts of meat and bone meal, 5 to 7 parts of banana residues, 4 to 5 parts of salted fish soup, 3 to 4 parts of colza oil, 3 to 4 parts of gynura, 2 to 3 parts of corchorus capsularis linn, 2 to 3 parts of barley seedlings, 1 to 2 parts of cottonrose hibiscus, 30 to 32 parts of black soybean meal, 4 to 6 parts of greengage powder, 13 to 15 parts of peach kernel powder, 0.4 to 0.6 part of mucor leavening agents, 5 to 6 parts of coconut milk, 3 to 4 parts of molasses, 3 to 4 parts of insect chitin, 2 to 3 parts of sansevieria powder and 2 to 3 parts of gelatin powder. By using the tea seed meal feed, the shrimp growth period can be shortened, the shrimp histotrophic nutrition is improved, the shrimp metabolism is accelerated, the shrimp material synthesis and the shrimp growth are promoted, the shrimp quality is increased, and the meat taste is improved.

Description

A kind of leached tea oil slag feed shortening shrimp growing period and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, particularly relate to a kind of leached tea oil slag feed shortening shrimp growing period and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Leached tea oil slag is that tea seed extracts the leftover bits and pieces after tea oil through processing, and be rich in the compositions such as protein, fat, starch and crude fibre, its crude protein content, about 15%, is good protein resource.Though leached tea oil slag has higher protein content, all do not obtain effective exploitation in the past in long time, this makes its nutritive value really not bring into play.In the past because process technology is relatively backward, the noxious materials such as the Tea Saponin contained by leached tea oil slag are failed all to remove, cause feed also exist palatability difference, nutrition absorption rate low, be unfavorable for the drawbacks such as animal growth, limit the development of animal husbandry to a certain extent.Nowadays, under the environment that global forage protein demand increases day by day, find new protein resource and replace cereal crops to be the Important Actions promoting animal husbandry development, and leached tea oil slag a kind of new protein resource had compared with great development potentiality beyond doubt.And leached tea oil slag to be realized really by animal husbandry is utilized, necessary reform traditional technique, improve development level, realize nontoxicization of leached tea oil slag, improve the nutrition absorption rate in leached tea oil slag, develop the feed of leached tea oil slag of high-quality, high palatability, only in this way, could accept by people and support, realize the cost degradation of cultivation, accelerate China animal husbandry and advance.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of leached tea oil slag feed shortening shrimp growing period and preparation method thereof.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
Shorten a leached tea oil slag feed for shrimp growing period, the weight portion of its constitutive material is: leached tea oil slag 300-340, citric acid 5-7, sunflower seeds grouts 24-26, pasture powder 20-23, meat meal tankage 13-15, banana slag 5-7, cured fish soup 4-5, rapeseed oil 3-4, red back of the body dish 3-4, fragrant numb leaf 2-3, barley seedling 2-3, cotton rose 1-2, black bean powder 30-32, green plum dry powder 4-6, peach kernel powder 13-15, mucor leavening 0.4-0.6, coconut milk 5-6, molasses 3-4, insect chitin 3-4, sansevieria trifasciata powder 2-3, jelly powder 2-3.
The preparation method of the leached tea oil slag feed of described shortening shrimp growing period, comprises the following steps:
(1) mixed with its weight portion 10-15 water doubly by leached tea oil slag, 2-3 hour is boiled in heating, water filtration is removed, adds citric acid and mix thoroughly in leached tea oil slag filter residue, and dipping 2-3 days, takes out, and puts into pot and roasts to dry, obtain detoxification leached tea oil slag;
(2) sunflower seeds grouts, pasture powder, meat meal tankage, banana slag are mixed with cured fish soup, within pickled 2-3 days, take out, then mix thoroughly inside rapeseed oil heating is poured into, be put in 80-85 DEG C of baking box roasting 50-60 minute and take out;
(3) red back of the body dish, fragrant numb leaf, barley seedling, cotton rose and its weight portion 5-6 water are doubly mixed pull an oar, gained slurries and black bean powder, green plum dry powder, peach kernel powder are mixed, floods and put into oven for drying after 3-5 hour;
(4) by the mixing of materials of step (1), step (2), step (3), add water and regulate water content to 40-44%, add mucor leavening to stir and evenly mix, load fermentation vat sealing and fermenting, ferment and open fermentation vat after 50-60 hour, add coconut milk again, molasses stir and evenly mix, continue fermentation and take out after 30-40 hour;
(5) by the fermented product of step (4) and insect chitin, sansevieria trifasciata powder and remaining raw material blending, be sent in granulator and granulate and get final product.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, the present invention by leached tea oil slag by boiling the mode pretreatment with acidleach, eliminate anti-nutrition component wherein, obtain detoxification leached tea oil slag, then with detoxification leached tea oil slag for primary raw material, by with sunflower seeds grouts, pasture powder, black bean powder, the auxiliary materials such as green plum dry powder coordinate, adopt mucor fermentation, make the small molecular protein in leached tea oil slag and auxiliary material, polypeptide, amino acid is released, improve the digestibility of leached tea oil slag, due to the participation of auxiliary material in sweat, the nutrition of leached tea oil slag after fermenting and fragrance are increased greatly, the fermentation later stage is by adding coconut milk, molasses, induction of flavor formation and the lifting of product, improve the quality of product, add the appetite of shrimp.
2, feed delicate fragrance of the present invention, delicious food, agreeable to the taste, easy to digest, the growth period of shrimp can be shortened, improve the histotrophic nutrition situation of shrimp, accelerate the metabolism of shrimp, promote the material synthesis of shrimp, promote shrimp growth, improve the quality of shrimp, improve meat taste, shrimp growth is fast, head is large, and meat is fresh, easily survives.
Detailed description of the invention
Be clearly and completely described to the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention below; obviously; described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention; instead of whole embodiments; based on the embodiment in the present invention; those of ordinary skill in the art, not making other embodiments all obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Shorten a leached tea oil slag feed for shrimp growing period, the weight portion (kilogram) of its constitutive material is: leached tea oil slag 300, citric acid 5, sunflower seeds grouts 24, pasture powder 20, meat meal tankage 13, banana slag 5, cured fish soup 4, rapeseed oil 3, red back of the body dish 3, fragrant numb leaf 2, barley seedling 2, cotton rose 1, black bean powder 30, green plum dry powder 4, peach kernel powder 13, mucor leavening 0.4, coconut milk 5, molasses 3, insect chitin 3, sansevieria trifasciata powder 2, jelly powder 2.
The preparation method of the leached tea oil slag feed of described shortening shrimp growing period, comprises the following steps:
(1) mixed by the water of leached tea oil slag with its weight portion 15 times, heating boils 3 hours, water filtration is removed, adds citric acid and mix thoroughly, flood 2 days in leached tea oil slag filter residue, takes out, and puts into pot and roasts to dry, obtain detoxification leached tea oil slag;
(2) sunflower seeds grouts, pasture powder, meat meal tankage, banana slag are mixed with cured fish soup, within pickled 2 days, take out, then mix thoroughly inside rapeseed oil heating is poured into, be put in 85 DEG C of baking boxs roasting 50 minutes and take out;
(3) red back of the body dish, fragrant numb leaf, barley seedling, cotton rose are mixed with the water of its weight portion 5 times pull an oar, gained slurries and black bean powder, green plum dry powder, peach kernel powder are mixed, floods and put into oven for drying after 3 hours;
(4) by the mixing of materials of step (1), step (2), step (3), add water and regulate water content to 44%, add mucor leavening to stir and evenly mix, load fermentation vat sealing and fermenting, ferment and open fermentation vat after 60 hours, add coconut milk again, molasses stir and evenly mix, continue fermentation and take out after 30 hours;
(5) by the fermented product of step (4) and insect chitin, sansevieria trifasciata powder and remaining raw material blending, be sent in granulator and granulate and get final product.
In order to using value of the present invention is described, inventor has carried out following test: inventor is healthy by 2000, the shrimp that body weight is close is divided into test group and control group 2 groups, often organize 5 repetitions, each repetition 200, test group shrimp adopts feed of the present invention to feed, control group shrimp adopts common similar feed to feed, two groups of shrimp each scales of feeding every day are equal, at raising 3 months com-parison and analysis, result display test group reduces 64.71% than the sick rate of control group, average daily gain improves 9.54%, efficiency of feed utilization improves 19.86%, feeding cost reduces 37.93%.

Claims (2)

1. one kind is shortened the leached tea oil slag feed of shrimp growing period, it is characterized in that, the weight portion of its constitutive material is: leached tea oil slag 300-340, citric acid 5-7, sunflower seeds grouts 24-26, pasture powder 20-23, meat meal tankage 13-15, banana slag 5-7, cured fish soup 4-5, rapeseed oil 3-4, red back of the body dish 3-4, fragrant numb leaf 2-3, barley seedling 2-3, cotton rose 1-2, black bean powder 30-32, green plum dry powder 4-6, peach kernel powder 13-15, mucor leavening 0.4-0.6, coconut milk 5-6, molasses 3-4, insect chitin 3-4, sansevieria trifasciata powder 2-3, jelly powder 2-3.
2. the preparation method of the leached tea oil slag feed of shortening shrimp growing period according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) mixed with its weight portion 10-15 water doubly by leached tea oil slag, 2-3 hour is boiled in heating, water filtration is removed, adds citric acid and mix thoroughly in leached tea oil slag filter residue, and dipping 2-3 days, takes out, and puts into pot and roasts to dry, obtain detoxification leached tea oil slag;
(2) sunflower seeds grouts, pasture powder, meat meal tankage, banana slag are mixed with cured fish soup, within pickled 2-3 days, take out, then mix thoroughly inside rapeseed oil heating is poured into, be put in 80-85 DEG C of baking box roasting 50-60 minute and take out;
(3) red back of the body dish, fragrant numb leaf, barley seedling, cotton rose and its weight portion 5-6 water are doubly mixed pull an oar, gained slurries and black bean powder, green plum dry powder, peach kernel powder are mixed, floods and put into oven for drying after 3-5 hour;
(4) by the mixing of materials of step (1), step (2), step (3), add water and regulate water content to 40-44%, add mucor leavening to stir and evenly mix, load fermentation vat sealing and fermenting, ferment and open fermentation vat after 50-60 hour, add coconut milk again, molasses stir and evenly mix, continue fermentation and take out after 30-40 hour;
(5) by the fermented product of step (4) and insect chitin, sansevieria trifasciata powder and remaining raw material blending, be sent in granulator and granulate and get final product.
CN201510728543.XA 2015-11-02 2015-11-02 Tea seed meal feed for shortening shrimp growth period and preparation method thereof Pending CN105249006A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101773192A (en) * 2010-01-14 2010-07-14 天津大学 Preparation method of degreased peach kernel protein powder
CN101978859A (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-02-23 上海海洋大学 Formula of macrobrachium nipponense feed and method for preparing macrobrachium nipponense compound feed from macrobrachium nipponense feed
CN104381641A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-03-04 安徽华亿农牧科技发展有限公司 Disease prevention and detoxification feed for fish and shrimps in fresh water, and preparation method of feed
CN104489354A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-08 全椒县赤镇龙虾经济专业合作社 Lobster feed capable of purifying water and improving immunity and preparation method of lobster feed

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101773192A (en) * 2010-01-14 2010-07-14 天津大学 Preparation method of degreased peach kernel protein powder
CN101978859A (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-02-23 上海海洋大学 Formula of macrobrachium nipponense feed and method for preparing macrobrachium nipponense compound feed from macrobrachium nipponense feed
CN104381641A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-03-04 安徽华亿农牧科技发展有限公司 Disease prevention and detoxification feed for fish and shrimps in fresh water, and preparation method of feed
CN104489354A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-08 全椒县赤镇龙虾经济专业合作社 Lobster feed capable of purifying water and improving immunity and preparation method of lobster feed

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
曾益坤: "茶叶籽制油及综合开发利用", 《中国油脂》 *

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