CN104770590A - Novel micropterus salmoides mixed feed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Novel micropterus salmoides mixed feed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104770590A
CN104770590A CN201510116837.7A CN201510116837A CN104770590A CN 104770590 A CN104770590 A CN 104770590A CN 201510116837 A CN201510116837 A CN 201510116837A CN 104770590 A CN104770590 A CN 104770590A
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China
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novel
feed
mixed feed
meal
micropterus salmonoides
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CN201510116837.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐志雄
刘兴旺
王卓铎
姜永杰
王托
张旭娟
赵丽梅
刘丽波
张云
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湛江恒兴特种饲料有限公司
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Priority to CN201510116837.7A priority Critical patent/CN104770590A/en
Publication of CN104770590A publication Critical patent/CN104770590A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a novel micropterus salmoides mixed feed and a preparation method thereof. The feed is composed of the following components in percentage by weight: 8 to 12% of fly maggot protein powder, 3 to 5% of chicken meat, 5 to 10% of peeled soybean meal, 3 to 6% of molasses yeast, 17 to 23% of high protein flour, 10 to 20% of peanut cake, 10 to 20% of rapeseed meal, 20 to 25% of fish meal, 1 to 2% of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 3 to 5% of soybean phosphatide oil, 1% of vitamin premix, and 1% of mineral substance premix. The provided feed does contain any cuttlefish paste, and thus the dependence on cuttlefish paste is eliminated. Furthermore, the using amount of fish meal is reduced. The provided feed is efficient, environment-friendly, and sustainable; the cost is greatly reduced, and at the same time, the feed has the advantages of comprehensive nutrients, good palatability, capability of promoting growth, and low food coefficient, and is capable of maximally promoting the growth of micropterus salmoides, reducing the culture cost, and improving the economic benefit.

Description

A kind of novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Micropterus salmoides compound feed, belong to mixed feed technical field, refer in particular to a kind of novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Micropterus salmonoides original name Micropterus salmoides, taxology belongs to Perciformes, Sunfishes, originates in California, USA Mississippi River system, be that a kind of delicious meat, premunition are strong, growth rapidly, famous and precious predacious fish that easily harvesting, thermophilic are wider.Now by introducing a fine variety, be distributed widely in the freshwater such as the U.S., Canada, especially at The Great Lakes, resource is very abundant.At present, Micropterus salmonoides is also introduced to the countries such as Britain, France, South Africa, Brazil, Philippine.Taiwan Province of China introduced the seventies, had now bred several generations.Largemouth bass fry is also introduced in nineteen eighty-three in the ground such as ShenZhen,GuangDong, Huiyang, Foshan, and the artificial propagation success in succession in 1985.The fry of breeding has been introduced a fine variety to the ground such as Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Shandong and has been cultivated, and all obtains good economic benefit.But, existing market Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed quality is uneven, cost too high (containing high fish meal), feeding effect is too poor (uses filler in a large number, attractant is poor, poor water resistance), therefore the Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed developing a kind of novel high-efficiency environment friendly is extremely urgent.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome shortcoming of the prior art with not enough, provide a kind of novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed, this mixed feed eliminates the dependence to cuttlefish cream, decrease fish meal consumption, there is the advantage of high-efficiency environment friendly and sustainable development, significantly can reduce feed cost, comprehensive nutrition simultaneously, attractant is strong, good palatability, growth promoting effects, feed coefficient is low, at utmost can discharge the growth potential to Micropterus salmonoides, reduce aquaculture cost, increase economic efficiency.
To achieve these goals, the present invention realizes according to following technical scheme:
A kind of novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed, it includes the component of following mass percent: Flyblow albumen powder 8 ~ 12%, chicken meal 3 ~ 5%, dehulled soybean meal 5 ~ 10%, molasses yeast 3 ~ 6%, Strong flour 17 ~ 23%, peanut cake 10 ~ 20%, the dish dregs of rice 10 ~ 15%, fish meal 20 ~ 25% calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1 ~ 2%, soyabean lecithin oil 3 ~ 5%, vitamin premix 1%, mineral substance premix 1%.
Further, the novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed of described one, it includes the component of following mass percent: Flyblow albumen powder 10%, chicken meal 5%, dehulled soybean meal 10%, molasses ferment 4%, Strong flour 20%, peanut cake 15%, the dish dregs of rice 10%, fish meal 20%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%, soyabean lecithin oil 3%, vitamin premix 1%, mineral substance premix 1%.
Further, described vitamin premix is commercially available perseverance emerging share 901 vitamin premix, and mineral substance premix is commercially available perseverance emerging share 901 mineral substance premix.
The preparation method of above-mentioned novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed, it includes following steps:
S1, take each component raw material according to proportioning, and dregs of beans wherein, peanut cake are carried out coarse crushing, sieve;
S2, the dregs of beans after sieving in S1 step and other component raw material of peanut cake and residue to be mixed, the material after mixing is pulverized and sieved again;
S3, by S2 step pulverize after material carry out modulation granulation, slaking;
S4, by after slaking feed granules dry, be packaged into bag after cooling.
Further, in described S1 step, the dregs of beans in raw material, peanut cake are carried out coarse crushing, make it cross 28 mesh sieves.
Further, in described S2 step, the material after mixing is pulverized again in micronizer, make mixed material cross 80 mesh sieves.
Further, in described S3 step, the anhydrous steam material after pulverizing being passed in modem temperature 95 ~ 100 DEG C is modulated 5 ~ 8 minutes, then makes material enter at the temperature of 95 ~ 98 DEG C in extrusion granulator and granulates; Obtained pellet is continued to carry out slaking in 25 ~ 35 minutes under temperature is 95 ~ 100 DEG C and humidity is the condition of 90% ~ 98%.
Further, in described S4 step, the particle after slaking is dried under 70 ~ 85 DEG C of conditions.
Compared with prior art, its beneficial effect is in the present invention:
Feed formula of the present invention eliminates the dependence to cuttlefish cream, decreases fish meal consumption, has the characteristic of high-efficiency environment friendly and sustainable development, significantly can reduce feed cost; Meanwhile, this mixed feed comprehensive nutrition, attractant is strong, good palatability, growth promoting effects, and feed coefficient is low, at utmost can discharge the growth potential of Micropterus salmonoides, reduces aquaculture cost, increases economic efficiency.
Be embodied in:
1, do not use that this kind of difficult quality such as squid visceral meal, cuttlefish cream, squid powder, squid liver paste controls, source of goods is unstable and food calling raw material that is easily enriching heavy metal (heavy metal can damage liver, kidney, bone, immune system, to reproductive system, also there is obvious toxicity, in animal body easily enrichment and affect food security), reduce the potential danger that the heavy metal in feed causes Micropterus salmonoides;
2, with the addition of Flyblow albumen powder, can promote to ingest, growth promoting effects, it contains the multiple beneficial floras such as Bifidobacterium Bifidum, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus, photosynthetic bacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, significantly can strengthen animal immunizing power, premunition, improves production performance;
3, containing abundant antibacterial peptide and bioactivator (nucleotides, shitosan, agglutinin etc.), intestinal immunological barrier can be improved, strengthen immunologic function;
4, local raw material is employed---molasses yeast, can promote the sound development of local sugar industry, turn waste into wealth, make rational use of resources, and molasses yeast has strong attractant, can strengthen palatability and the animal feed intake of aquatic feeds; Improve alimentary canal Micro Ecosystem, promote beneficial bacterium propagation, reduce enterogastric diseases incidence; Be rich in functional little peptide and multiple ferment, digestibility is high, effectively can improve efficiency of feed utilization; Be rich in nucleotides, active peptide and immune polysaccharide isoreactivity composition, the non-specific immunity of animal can be significantly improved, strengthen premunition.
In order to the present invention can be understood more clearly, below the specific embodiment of the present invention will be elaborated.
Detailed description of the invention
Prepare novel Micropterus salmonoides polyculture compound feed of the present invention according to following step, specifically include following steps:
S1, take each component raw material according to following mass percent: Flyblow albumen powder 10%, chicken meal 5%, dehulled soybean meal 10%, molasses ferment 4%, Strong flour 20%, peanut cake 15%, the dish dregs of rice 10%, fish meal 20%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%, soyabean lecithin oil 3%, commercially available perseverance emerging share 901 vitamin premix 1%, commercially available perseverance emerging share 901 mineral substance premix 1%;
S2, the dregs of beans in S1 step, peanut cake are carried out coarse crushing, make it cross 28 mesh sieves;
S3, dregs of beans, peanut cake and surplus stock in S2 step to be pulverized after mixing again in micronizer, make mixed material cross 80 mesh sieves;
S4, by S3 step pulverize after material pass in modem temperature 95 ~ 100 DEG C anhydrous steam modulation 5 ~ 8 minutes, then make material enter at the temperature of 95 ~ 98 DEG C in extrusion granulator and granulate; Obtained pellet is continued to carry out slaking in 25 ~ 35 minutes under temperature is 95 ~ 100 DEG C and humidity is the condition of 90% ~ 98%;
S5, the particle after slaking to be dried under 90 ~ 100 DEG C of conditions, after cooling, be packaged into bag.
Test comparison:
Test one: this test adopts small size pond cultivation, in June, 2014, (market was bought at nutrition workshop, base, East Sea Island, Zhanjiang City 863 and existing Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed, 45% crude protein, 8% crude fat) carry out small size pond contrast test, test uses 11g Micropterus salmonoides cultivation 8 weeks.
Result shows: the average feed coefficient 1.58 of control group, the heavy 125g in average end, cultivation survival rate 80%, average ammonia nitrogen 0.725mg/L; The average feed coefficient 1.05 of mixed feed of the present invention, the heavy 215g in average end, cultivation survival rate 96.3%, average ammonia nitrogen 0.711mg/L.That is, mixed feed feed coefficient of the present invention declines 0.53, declines 30%, and survival rate improves 16.3%, and end heavily increases 90g, and ammonia nitrogen reduces by 1.93%.
Test two: this test adopts the cultivation of the large pool, in June, 2014, (market was bought at Mei Wo village of littoral area of Wuchuan City and existing Fish-shrimp mix-culture Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed, 45% crude protein, 8% crude fat) carry out food calling contrast test: 1% (1200g) that test respectively takes largemouth bass on same day fish pond feeding volume is put to circle material an ancient term for silk fabrics (each with 3), successively and drain into fish pond, material an ancient term for silk fabrics is taken out after 1 hour, observe the quality how many surplus material judges attractant, surplus material is few, then prove that attractant is good.
Result shows: can be found by attractant, and mixed feed of the present invention, without in the daily ration of fish meal without cuttlefish cream, can reach good phagostimulating effect.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, if do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention to various change of the present invention or modification, if these are changed and modification belongs within claim of the present invention and equivalent technologies scope, then the present invention is also intended to comprise these change and modification.

Claims (8)

1. a novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed, is characterized in that the component including following mass percent:
Flyblow albumen powder 8 ~ 12%, chicken meal 3 ~ 5%, dehulled soybean meal 5 ~ 10%, molasses yeast 3 ~ 6%, Strong flour 17 ~ 23%, peanut cake 10 ~ 20%, the dish dregs of rice 10 ~ 15%, fish meal 20 ~ 25%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1 ~ 2%, soyabean lecithin oil 3 ~ 5%, vitamin premix 1%, mineral substance premix 1%.
2. a kind of Novel fish Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that the component including following mass percent:
Flyblow albumen powder 10%, chicken meal 5%, dehulled soybean meal 10%, molasses ferment 4%, Strong flour 20%, peanut cake 15%, the dish dregs of rice 10%, fish meal 20%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%, soyabean lecithin oil 3%, vitamin premix 1%, mineral substance premix 1%.
3. a kind of novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed according to claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: described vitamin premix is commercially available perseverance emerging share 901 vitamin premix, and mineral substance premix is commercially available perseverance emerging share 901 mineral substance premix.
4. the preparation method of novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that including following steps:
S1, take each component raw material according to proportioning, and dregs of beans wherein, peanut cake are carried out coarse crushing, sieve;
S2, the dregs of beans after sieving in S1 step and other component raw material of peanut cake and residue to be mixed, the material after mixing is pulverized and sieved again;
S3, by S2 step pulverize after material carry out modulation granulation, slaking;
S4, by after slaking feed granules dry, be packaged into bag after cooling.
5. the preparation method of novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed according to claim 4, is characterized in that: in described S1 step, the dregs of beans in raw material, peanut cake is carried out coarse crushing, make it cross 28 mesh sieves.
6. the preparation method of novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed according to claim 4, is characterized in that: in described S2 step, again pulverized in micronizer by the material after mixing, makes mixed material cross 80 mesh sieves.
7. the preparation method of novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: in described S3 step, anhydrous steam material after pulverizing being passed in modem temperature 95 ~ 100 DEG C is modulated 5 ~ 8 minutes, then makes material enter at the temperature of 95 ~ 98 DEG C in extrusion granulator and granulates; Obtained pellet is continued to carry out slaking in 25 ~ 35 minutes under temperature is 95 ~ 100 DEG C and humidity is the condition of 90% ~ 98%.
8. the preparation method of novel Micropterus salmonoides mixed feed according to claim 4, is characterized in that: in described S4 step, dried by the particle after slaking under 70 ~ 85 DEG C of conditions.
CN201510116837.7A 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 Novel micropterus salmoides mixed feed and preparation method thereof CN104770590A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104489419A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-04-08 上海农好饲料有限公司 Micropterus salmoides fry micro-particle feed and preparation method thereof
CN105010752A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-11-04 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Feed for micropterus salmoides
CN105285344A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-03 广东双湖饲料有限公司 Micropterus salmonides compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN106260788A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-01-04 广州市联鲲生物科技有限公司 A kind of Micropterus salmonoides premix material
CN108056327A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-05-22 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of fresh water perch feed and preparation method thereof

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CN103385382A (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-11-13 广西粤海饲料有限公司 Compound feed for the polyculture of Litopenaeus vannamei and Trachinotus ovatus and a preparation method thereof
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CN102132782A (en) * 2011-03-15 2011-07-27 广东恒兴饲料实业股份有限公司 Micropterus salmoides compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN103385382A (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-11-13 广西粤海饲料有限公司 Compound feed for the polyculture of Litopenaeus vannamei and Trachinotus ovatus and a preparation method thereof
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104489419A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-04-08 上海农好饲料有限公司 Micropterus salmoides fry micro-particle feed and preparation method thereof
CN105010752A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-11-04 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Feed for micropterus salmoides
CN105285344A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-03 广东双湖饲料有限公司 Micropterus salmonides compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN106260788A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-01-04 广州市联鲲生物科技有限公司 A kind of Micropterus salmonoides premix material
CN108056327A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-05-22 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of fresh water perch feed and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150715