CN103875976B - A kind of preparation method of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103875976B
CN103875976B CN201410104512.2A CN201410104512A CN103875976B CN 103875976 B CN103875976 B CN 103875976B CN 201410104512 A CN201410104512 A CN 201410104512A CN 103875976 B CN103875976 B CN 103875976B
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parts
freshwater shrimp
feed
vitamin
reactor
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CN201410104512.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103875976A (en
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沈建明
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苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The preparation method who the invention discloses a kind of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed, comprises the following steps: (1) raw material choose, and (2) are dried and pulverize, (3) batch mixing, (4) fermentation, (5) add preparation, obtain finished product feedstuff. The preparation method of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed of the present invention, easy and simple to handle, easily realize, prepared feed is for the growth characteristic of freshwater shrimp, freshwater shrimp grow necessary organic matter, inorganic mineral and trace element are provided, the nutriments such as balanced protein, amino acid, reproduction promoter are provided to freshwater shrimp growth, in addition, this feed is not containing malicious accessory ingredients such as medicines, pollution-free to water body, the noxious material such as nitrite, sulfide in all right decomposition water of its contained mushroom, has good result to regulating water quality.

Description

A kind of preparation method of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, particularly relate to a kind of preparation method of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed.
Background technology
Fresh water freshwater shrimp, formal name used at school Macrobrachium nipponensis (Macrobrachiumnipponense), belong to shell-fish, Decapoda, swimming suborder, Eucyphidea, long-armed section, pond crayfish genus, a fairly large number of one in fresh water shrimp, one of traditional economy shrimp species in China's freshwater aquaculture industry. Freshwater shrimp nutritive value is abundant, delicious meat, is deeply subject to liking of consumers in general.
Feed is one of key factor determining freshwater shrimp quality and the speed of growth. Current shrimp culture feed, mostly use common aquaculture feed, its specific aim is poor, medicament contg is too high, in shrimp culture process, because high density is put a large amount of inputs of rear feed in a suitable place to breed, produce a series of water pollution problems, make output and the Quality Down of freshwater shrimp, shrimp culture industry slower development, can not meet the consumption demand in market.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of preparation method of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed, can prepare the shrimp culture special feed of the low drug contamination of high-quality.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of preparation method of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed is provided, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material choose: by weight ratio, take 20~30 parts of dregs of beans, 15~20 parts of cornstarch, 10~15 parts, wheat bran, 5~10 parts of imported fish meals, 20~25 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 60~70 parts of bacterium chaffs, 70~80 parts, rice bran, 1~1.5 part of microorganism formulation, 12~15 parts, brown sugar, 0.5~1.0 part of vitamin(e) supplement, mineral additive 8-12 part, 2~3 parts of feed addictives; Described vitamin comprises vitamin A, B and E, and described microorganism formulation comprises photosynthetic bacteria, nitrobacteria, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus subtilis and brewer's yeast; Described mineral additive comprises potassium dihydrogen phosphate, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate and salt; Described feed addictive comprises seawood meal, Folium Artemisiae Argyi powder and pumpkin powder;
(2) dry and pulverize: dregs of beans alleged in step (1), wheat bran, bacterium chaff and rice bran to be shone to water content lower than 30% under daylight, be then crushed to 180~200 orders with micronizer;
(3) batch mixing: in the closed reactor with heating and stirring device, by the raw material premixed after drying and crushing in step (2), then add brown sugar, imported fish meal, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, cornstarch and microorganism formulation, composition stirs, and mixes;
(4) fermentation: add water in the reactor in step (3), and stir, then will put reactor airtight, mixture corruption is macerated, after 3~5 days, open reactor and stir, make mixture fully contact oxygen, make reactor be heated to 40 DEG C simultaneously, be incubated 2 days and fully stir afterwards, continue to be warming up to 50 DEG C, be incubated 3 days and fully stir afterwards, continue to be warming up to 65 DEG C, be incubated 5 days and fully stir afterwards, then temperature in the kettle is down to normal temperature, stirs until slaking completely;
(5) fermentate obtaining in step (4) is moved to airing under sunlight, make moisture content of material be less than 20%, be crushed to 120~150 orders with micronizer, to the vitamin(e) supplement, mineral additive and the feed addictive that add formula ratio in comminuting matter, fully mix, obtain freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (1), the amount ratio of described vitamin A, B and E is 1:1:2; The per distribution ratio of described photosynthetic bacteria, nitrobacteria, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus subtilis and brewer's yeast is 30%, 20%, 10%, 35% and 5%; The per distribution ratio of described potassium dihydrogen phosphate, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate and salt is 35%, 25%, 10%, 1.8%, 1.2% and 27%; The amount ratio of described seawood meal, Folium Artemisiae Argyi powder and pumpkin powder is 1:2:1.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (4), described amount of water is 30~50% of mixed material total amount.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the preparation method of a kind of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield of the present invention breeding feed, easy and simple to handle, easily realize, prepared feed is for the growth characteristic of freshwater shrimp, the freshwater shrimp necessary organic matter of growing is provided, inorganic mineral and trace element, provide balanced protein to freshwater shrimp growth, amino acid, the nutriments such as reproduction promoter, in addition, this feed is not containing malicious accessory ingredients such as medicines, pollution-free to water body, nitrite in all right decomposition water of its contained mushroom, the noxious materials such as sulfide, regulating water quality is had to good result.
Detailed description of the invention
Below preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, thereby so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to be it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, protection scope of the present invention is made to more explicit defining.
The embodiment of the present invention comprises:
A preparation method for freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material choose: by weight ratio, take 20~30 parts of dregs of beans, 15~20 parts of cornstarch, 10~15 parts, wheat bran, 5~10 parts of imported fish meals, 20~25 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 60~70 parts of bacterium chaffs, 70~80 parts, rice bran, 1~1.5 part of microorganism formulation, 12~15 parts, brown sugar, 0.5~1.0 part of vitamin(e) supplement, mineral additive 8-12 part, 2~3 parts of feed addictives; Described vitamin comprises vitamin A, B and E, and amount ratio is 1:1:2; Described microorganism formulation comprises photosynthetic bacteria, nitrobacteria, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus subtilis and brewer's yeast, and per distribution ratio is 30%, 20%, 10%, 35% and 5%; Described mineral additive comprises potassium dihydrogen phosphate, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate and salt, and per distribution ratio is 35%, 25%, 10%, 1.8%, 1.2% and 27%; Described feed addictive comprises seawood meal, Folium Artemisiae Argyi powder and pumpkin powder, and amount ratio is 1:2:1; This formula is for the growth characteristic of freshwater shrimp, and freshwater shrimp grow necessary organic matter, inorganic mineral and trace element are provided, and the nutriments such as balanced protein, amino acid, reproduction promoter are provided to freshwater shrimp growth,
(2) dry and pulverize: dregs of beans alleged in step (1), wheat bran, bacterium chaff and rice bran to be shone to water content lower than 30% under daylight, be then crushed to 180~200 orders with micronizer;
(3) batch mixing: in the closed reactor with heating and stirring device, by the raw material premixed after drying and crushing in step (2), then add brown sugar, imported fish meal, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, cornstarch and microorganism formulation, fully stir, mix;
(4) fermentation: add the water that accounts for mixed material total amount 30~50% in the reactor in step (3), and stir, then reactor will be put airtight, mixture corruption is macerated, after 3~5 days, opening reactor stirs, make mixture fully contact oxygen, make reactor be heated to 40 DEG C simultaneously, be incubated 2 days and fully stir afterwards, continue to be warming up to 50 DEG C, be incubated 3 days and fully stir afterwards, continue to be warming up to 65 DEG C, be incubated 5 days and fully stir afterwards, then temperature in the kettle is down to normal temperature, stirs until slaking completely;
(5) fermentate obtaining in step (4) is moved to airing under sunlight, make moisture content of material be less than 20%, be crushed to 120~150 orders with micronizer, to the vitamin(e) supplement, mineral additive and the feed addictive that add formula ratio in comminuting matter, fully mix, obtain freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed.
The feeding method of above-mentioned freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed adopts fixed point, timing and the method for quantitatively throwing something and feeding; Described fixed point refers to throw something and feed at every turn and goes out to feed intake in the fixing shoal of pool side; Described timing refers at set time every day section feeding, the morning 8:00~9:00, afternoon, 17:00~18:00, after feeding 1h, pulled residual feed in pond out; The ratio of the inventory in described quantitative finger every morning and afternoon is fixed, feeding volume accounted for to throw day and raised 25~30% of total amount the morning, throw something and feed afternoon remaining 65~70%, the total amount of throwing something and feeding day is determined according to planktonic organism amount in the freshwater shrimp season of growth and pond, is 3~5% of full pond freshwater shrimp gross weight.
The shrimp culture feed of preparing for the present invention, by rational feeding method, contributes to improve the utilization rate of feed, avoids the excessive wasting of resources and the water pollution of throwing something and feeding and causing.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes description of the present invention to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a preparation method for freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material choose: by weight ratio, take 20~30 parts of dregs of beans, 15~20 parts of cornstarch, 10~15 parts, wheat bran, 5~10 parts of imported fish meals, 20~25 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 60~70 parts of bacterium chaffs, 70~80 parts, rice bran, 1~1.5 part of microorganism formulation, 12~15 parts, brown sugar, 0.5~1.0 part of vitamin(e) supplement, mineral additive 8-12 part, 2~3 parts of feed addictives; Described vitamin comprises vitamin A, B and E, and described microorganism formulation comprises photosynthetic bacteria, nitrobacteria, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus subtilis and brewer's yeast; Described mineral additive comprises potassium dihydrogen phosphate, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate and salt; Described feed addictive comprises seawood meal, Folium Artemisiae Argyi powder and pumpkin powder;
(2) dry and pulverizing: dregs of beans alleged in step (1), wheat bran, bacterium chaff and rice bran are shone to water content low under daylight
In 30%, be then crushed to 180~200 orders with micronizer;
(3) batch mixing: in the closed reactor with heating and stirring device, by the raw material premixed after drying and crushing in step (2), then add brown sugar, imported fish meal, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, cornstarch and microorganism formulation, fully stir, mix;
(4) fermentation: in the reactor in step (3), add water, and stir, then that reactor is airtight, make to mix
Thing corruption is macerated, after 3~5 days, open reactor and stir, make mixture fully contact oxygen, make reactor be heated to 40 DEG C simultaneously, be incubated 2 days and fully stir afterwards, continue to be warming up to 50 DEG C, be incubated 3 days and fully stir afterwards, continue to be warming up to 65 DEG C, be incubated 5 days and fully stir afterwards, then temperature in the kettle is down to normal temperature, stir until slaking completely;
(5) fermentate obtaining in step (4) is moved to airing under sunlight, make moisture content of material be less than 20%, be crushed to 120~150 orders with micronizer, to the vitamin(e) supplement, mineral additive and the feed addictive that add formula ratio in comminuting matter, fully mix, obtain freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed.
2. the preparation method of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (1), the amount ratio of described vitamin A, B and E is 1:1:2; The per distribution ratio of described photosynthetic bacteria, nitrobacteria, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus subtilis and brewer's yeast is 30%, 20%, 10%, 35% and 5%; The per distribution ratio of described potassium dihydrogen phosphate, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate and salt is 35%, 25%, 10%, 1.8%, 1.2% and 27%; The amount ratio of described seawood meal, Folium Artemisiae Argyi powder and pumpkin powder is 1:2:1.
3. the preparation method of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (4), described amount of water is 30~50% of mixed material total amount.
CN201410104512.2A 2014-03-20 2014-03-20 A kind of preparation method of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield breeding feed CN103875976B (en)

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CN104171306B (en) * 2014-07-11 2016-06-01 句容市华南水产养殖专业合作社 A kind of shrimp feed and its preparation method
CN104824477A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-08-12 郭心仪 Shrimp feed preparation method
CN105010813A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-11-04 时敏 Zinc-rich freshwater shrimp feed
CN105285482A (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-02-03 安徽天泽饲料有限责任公司 Preparation method of fat oil residue cooperation feeding premix
CN105146092A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-16 安徽天泽饲料有限责任公司 Antioxidant grease premix for feed
CN105124305A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-12-09 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Mushroom bran freshwater shrimp feed
CN105124304A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-12-09 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of mushroom bran freshwater shrimp feed
CN105230996A (en) * 2015-09-23 2016-01-13 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of mushroom bran feed for crayfish
CN105124303A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-12-09 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Mushroom bran crayfish feed
CN105124309A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-12-09 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Mushroom bran fancy carp feed
CN105918620A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-09-07 江苏东南生物科技有限公司 Microbial agent for aquatic product feeds
CN106260784A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-04 明光市永言水产食品有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine aquatic feeds and preparation method thereof
CN107788258A (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-03-13 梁小荣 The feed and preparation method of fresh water shrimp non-antibiotic microorganism fermentation
CN106417912A (en) * 2016-10-10 2017-02-22 云南福保农业科技开发有限公司 Pleurotus fungus residue feed and preparation method thereof
CN107279460A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-10-24 兰溪市酉泽饲料技术服务有限公司 Penaeus Vannmei fermented feed
CN107518213A (en) * 2017-09-08 2017-12-29 上海亘卓生物工程有限公司 A kind of biological agent for preventing Macrobrachium nipponensis Yearling and preparation method thereof
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