CN101743835A - The methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from rotary tillage - Google Patents

The methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from rotary tillage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101743835A
CN101743835A CN200910264953A CN200910264953A CN101743835A CN 101743835 A CN101743835 A CN 101743835A CN 200910264953 A CN200910264953 A CN 200910264953A CN 200910264953 A CN200910264953 A CN 200910264953A CN 101743835 A CN101743835 A CN 101743835A
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Prior art keywords
furrow
rape
rotary tillage
ditch
rib
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CN200910264953A
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狄正兴
李建卫
吕高强
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狄正兴
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Priority to CN200910264953A priority Critical patent/CN101743835A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rotary tillage and exempt from the methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape, it is characterized in that having following steps: 1) rotary tillage: the shallow stubble-cleaning that revolves, rotary tillage degree of depth 10cm accomplishes that soil block is in small, broken bits, the field face is smooth; 2) do furrow: the setting-out corrugate is done furrow on field face smooth after the rotary tillage, furrow face width 100cm, and furrow furrow width 40cm, the thick 15cm of corrugate soil, corrugate Tu Fa ploughs at 20cm place, furrow face limit, forms the rib that exceeds furrow face 15cm; 3) basal dressing: with the inboard row replacement fertilizer of rib; 4) plantation rape: executing on the furrow face of base manure, apart from the inboard plantation of the rib rape of furrow ditch 20cm, every furrow bar kind two row; 5) water: two row rapes to firm bar kind water permeable; 6) field management:, carry out daily management mission according to conventional method.The present invention need not break to turn up soil and beat the cave, and saving of work and time does not delay farming season season; The mashed root of ponding rape in the cave is avoided in the plantation of no cave, has improved the ability of anti-stain evil.

Description

The methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from rotary tillage
Technical field
The present invention relates to the methods of cultivation of rape, relate in particular to the methods of cultivation of nonirrigated farmland and stiff paddy soil plantation rape.
Background technology
The plantation winter rape is the important crop allocation of China's agricultural production, and the methods of cultivation are played cave plantation development by ploughing dozen cave plantation to rotary tillage.The no-tillage cave expedient of tillage of beating of the mashed employing in rice stubble rape field, it is stiff to run into autumn drought soil, adopts the rotary tillage stubble-cleaning to beat the cave expedient of tillage.
At present, nonirrigated farmland and stiff paddy soil adopt rotary tillage to beat cave expedient of tillage plantation rape, and concrete grammar has following steps:
1, rotary tillage: the shallow stubble-cleaning that revolves, rotary tillage degree of depth 10cm accomplishes that soil block is in small, broken bits, the field face is smooth;
2, do furrow: the setting-out corrugate is done furrow on field face smooth after the rotary tillage, furrow face width 100cm, and furrow furrow width 40cm, corrugate Tu Fa plough on the furrow face, the thick 15cm of corrugate soil;
3, beat the cave: will plough the broken leveling of soil upturned soil on the furrow face, and beat the cave by spacing in the rows 25cm, line-spacing 30cm, every mu 6350 cave wholely;
4, basal dressing: base manure is executed in the cave;
5, plantation rape: transplanting rape every cave one strain; Seedling two strains are stayed in the general every cave of direct-sowing rape, and the field piece that the late sowing amount of growth is little stays the seedling number to enhance at double;
6, water: transplanting rape waters normal root water, and direct-sowing rape waters Qi Miaoshui;
7, field management: disease pest and weed etc. is earthed up, prevented and kill off to the fertilising of watering, intertill and clean tillage, ditch cleaning.
There is following defective in the methods of cultivation that cave plantation rape is beaten in above-mentioned rotary tillage:
1, the effort of taking a lot of work: play the cave plantation, beat the cave again, the lost labor behind the broken corrugate Tu Fa.
2, delay season: autumn harvesting and sowing anxiety in season, run into continuous rainy weather, can't beat the cave wholely, often miss suitable planting period.
3, the stain evil is serious: play the cave plantation, run into rainy weather, easy ponding in the cave, the easily mashed root of rape.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is for overcome existing farming take a lot of work effort, delay season, deficiency that the stain evil is serious, provide a kind of rotary tillage to exempt from the methods of cultivation that rape is planted in the cave.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: the methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from a kind of rotary tillage, and following steps are specifically arranged:
1, rotary tillage: the shallow stubble-cleaning that revolves, rotary tillage degree of depth 10cm accomplishes that soil block is in small, broken bits, the field face is smooth;
2, do furrow: the setting-out corrugate is done furrow on the smooth field face of rotary tillage, furrow face width 100cm, and furrow furrow width 40cm, the thick 15cm of corrugate soil, corrugate Tu Fa ploughs at 20cm place, furrow face limit, and formation exceeds the rib of furrow face 15cm;
3, basal dressing: at the inboard row replacement fertilizer of rib;
4, plantation rape: executing on the furrow face of base manure, apart from the inboard plantation of the rib rape of furrow ditch 20cm, every furrow bar kind two row;
5, water: two row rapes to firm bar kind water permeable;
6, ditch cleaning ridging: with the soil block in small, broken bits in the hoe cleaning furrow ditch and raise on the furrow face;
7, field management:, carry out daily management mission according to conventional method.
Further, described step 4 kind is planted rape, is at the inboard transplanting rape of the rib of distance furrow ditch 20cm, every furrow transplanting rape two row, take Brassica campestris L seedling during transplanting on the other hand, the dish seedling is near rib, and the dish root points in the furrow, another hand moves soil block, is pressed in the soil below the face of field with handgrip dish root, and spacing in the rows is 15cm; Described step 6 ditch cleaning ridging is at the root of transplanting rape with soil block in small, broken bits and heap soil or fertilizer over and around the roots in the hoe cleaning furrow ditch.
Further, described step 4 kind is planted rape, is at the inboard transplanting rape of the rib of distance furrow ditch 20cm, and every furrow transplanting rape two row are taken Brassica campestris L seedling on the other hand during transplanting, and another hand is taken spud, and hoe leaves native slit planting and inserts rape, and spacing in the rows is 15cm; Described step 6 ditch cleaning ridging is at the root of transplanting rape with soil block in small, broken bits and heap soil or fertilizer over and around the roots in the hoe cleaning furrow ditch.
Further, described step 4 kind is planted rape, is at the inboard direct-sowing rape of the rib of distance furrow ditch 20cm, live two row of every furrow; Described step 6 ditch cleaning ridging is to break soil block into pieces with hoe cleaning furrow ditch, and the fine earth of breaking into pieces is covered in the direct-sowing rape sown scope thinly.
Owing to adopted technique scheme, do not need broken to turn up soil, beat the cave, saving of work and time, row application and the rape drilling ratio bunch planting effect of spreading manuer in holes significantly improves, and not only saving of labor but also laborsaving did not miss farming season season; The mashed root of ponding rape in the cave is avoided in the plantation of no cave, has improved the ability of anti-stain evil; Simultaneously, be wide row space because bar kind rape takes, help straw-returning, help the zanjon ridging, help keeping crop seedling from drought, help intertill and clean tillage and prevent the farmland running to weeds, help improving disease-resistant anti-ability of falling; And through test, adopt the inventive method plantation rape, can improve 15% per unit area yield, improved economic and social benefit.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
The methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from rotary tillage, and following steps are arranged:
1, rotary tillage: the shallow stubble-cleaning that revolves, rotary tillage degree of depth 10cm accomplishes that soil block is in small, broken bits, the field face is smooth.
2, do furrow: the setting-out corrugate is done furrow on the smooth field face of rotary tillage, furrow face width 100cm, and furrow furrow width 40cm, the thick 15cm of corrugate soil, corrugate Tu Fa ploughs at 20cm place, furrow face limit, and formation exceeds the rib of furrow face 15cm.
3, basal dressing: at the inboard row replacement fertilizer of rib.
4, plantation rape: executing on the furrow face of base manure, apart from the inboard transplanting rape of the rib of furrow ditch 20cm, every furrow transplanting rape two row, take Brassica campestris L seedling during transplanting on the other hand, the dish seedling is near rib, and the dish root points in the furrow, and another hand moves soil block, be pressed in the soil below the face of field with handgrip dish root, spacing in the rows is 15cm.
5, water: bar has been planted two row rapes and has been irrigated normal root water on the furrow face.
6, ditch cleaning ridging: with soil block in small, broken bits in the hoe cleaning furrow ditch and stop up root at transplanting rape.
7, field management:, carry out daily management mission according to conventional method.
Embodiment 2:
The methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from rotary tillage, and following steps are arranged:
1, rotary tillage: the shallow stubble-cleaning that revolves, rotary tillage degree of depth 10cm accomplishes that soil block is in small, broken bits, the field face is smooth.
2, do furrow: the setting-out corrugate is done furrow on the smooth field face of rotary tillage, furrow face width 100cm, and furrow furrow width 40cm, the thick 15cm of corrugate soil, corrugate Tu Fa ploughs at 20cm place, furrow face limit, and formation exceeds the rib of furrow face 15cm.
3, basal dressing: at the inboard row replacement fertilizer of rib.
4, plantation rape: executing on the furrow face of base manure, apart from the inboard transplanting rape of the rib of furrow ditch 20cm, every furrow transplanting rape two row are taken Brassica campestris L seedling on the other hand during transplanting, and another hand is taken spud, and hoe leaves native slit planting and inserts rape, and spacing in the rows is 15cm.
5, water: bar has been planted two row rapes and has been irrigated normal root water on the furrow face.
6, ditch cleaning ridging: with soil block in small, broken bits in the hoe cleaning furrow ditch and stop up root at transplanting rape.
7, field management:, carry out daily management mission according to conventional method.
Embodiment 3:
The methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from rotary tillage, and following steps are arranged:
1, rotary tillage: the shallow stubble-cleaning that revolves, rotary tillage degree of depth 10cm accomplishes that soil block is in small, broken bits, the field face is smooth.
2, do furrow: the setting-out corrugate is done furrow on the smooth field face of rotary tillage, furrow face width 100cm, and furrow furrow width 40cm, the thick 15cm of corrugate soil, corrugate Tu Fa ploughs at 20cm place, furrow face limit, and formation exceeds the rib of furrow face 15cm.
3, basal dressing: at the inboard row replacement fertilizer of rib.
4, plantation rape: executing on the furrow face of base manure, apart from the inboard direct-sowing rape of the rib of furrow ditch 20cm, live two row of every furrow.
5, water: on the furrow face drilling two the row rapes irrigate Qi Miaoshui.
6, ditch cleaning ridging: be to break soil block into pieces, the fine earth of breaking into pieces is covered in the direct-sowing rape sown scope thinly with hoe cleaning furrow ditch.
7, field management: according to conventional method, carry out daily management mission, comprise the thinning final singling, mu stays seedling 12000-24000 strain.

Claims (4)

1. the methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from a rotary tillage, it is characterized in that having following steps:
(1) rotary tillage: the shallow stubble-cleaning that revolves, rotary tillage degree of depth 10cm accomplishes that soil block is in small, broken bits, the field face is smooth;
(2) do furrow: the setting-out corrugate is done furrow on the smooth field face of rotary tillage, furrow face width 100cm, and furrow furrow width 40cm, the thick 15cm of corrugate soil, corrugate Tu Fa ploughs at 20cm place, furrow face limit, and formation exceeds the rib of furrow face 15cm;
(3) basal dressing: at the inboard row replacement fertilizer of rib;
(4) plantation rape: executing on the furrow face of base manure, apart from the inboard plantation of the rib rape of furrow ditch 20cm, every furrow bar kind two row;
(5) water: two row rapes to firm bar kind water permeable;
(6) ditch cleaning ridging: with the soil block in small, broken bits in the hoe cleaning furrow ditch and raise on the furrow face;
(7) field management:, carry out daily management mission according to conventional method.
2. the methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from rotary tillage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described step 4 kind plants rape, be at the inboard transplanting rape of the rib of distance furrow ditch 20cm, every furrow transplanting rape two row are taken Brassica campestris L seedling on the other hand during transplanting, the dish seedling is near rib, the dish root points in the furrow, another hand moves soil block, is pressed in the soil below the face of field with handgrip dish root, and spacing in the rows is 15cm; Described step 6 ditch cleaning ridging is at the root of transplanting rape with soil block in small, broken bits and heap soil or fertilizer over and around the roots in the hoe cleaning furrow ditch.
3. the methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from rotary tillage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described step 4 kind plants rape, be at the inboard transplanting rape of the rib of distance furrow ditch 20cm, every furrow transplanting rape two row, take Brassica campestris L seedling during transplanting on the other hand, another hand is taken spud, and hoe leaves native slit planting and inserts rape, and spacing in the rows is 15cm; Described step 6 ditch cleaning ridging is at the root of transplanting rape with soil block in small, broken bits and heap soil or fertilizer over and around the roots in the hoe cleaning furrow ditch.
4. the methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from rotary tillage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described step 4 kind plants rape, are at the inboard direct-sowing rape of the rib of distance furrow ditch 20cm, live two row of every furrow; Described step 6 ditch cleaning ridging is to break soil block into pieces with hoe cleaning furrow ditch, and the fine earth of breaking into pieces is covered in the direct-sowing rape sown scope thinly.
CN200910264953A 2009-12-17 2009-12-17 The methods of cultivation of cave plantation rape are exempted from rotary tillage Pending CN101743835A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102498921A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-06-20 成都金卓农业有限公司 Method for direct seeding of rape
CN102630469A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-15 段永春 Technology for transplanting spring tea seedlings in tea area in north of Yangtze River
CN103583222A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-02-19 狄正兴 Method for cultivating winter rape with interplanted autumn potatoes in dry lands
CN103583223A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-02-19 狄正兴 Method for intercropping winter rapes and potatoes on middle-season rice crop
CN104855066A (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-08-26 上海宝山夙峰园艺场 High-yield rape planting method
CN105230307A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 上海百泉生物技术有限公司 Sunflower soybean double-cropping and plantation co-farming method
CN105660102A (en) * 2015-07-31 2016-06-15 余治国 Nest sowing seedling reserving and transplanting dual-purpose rape planting method
CN105724034A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-06 湖南农业大学 Deep-ditch narrow-ridge direct-seeding oilseed rape bed-planting cultivation method
CN105766305A (en) * 2016-03-14 2016-07-20 张掖市农业科学研究院 Oilseed rape cultivation method
CN105409536B (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-08-24 湖南农业大学 A kind of paddy plate field minimal tills Brassica campestris L method for planting

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102498921A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-06-20 成都金卓农业有限公司 Method for direct seeding of rape
CN102630469A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-15 段永春 Technology for transplanting spring tea seedlings in tea area in north of Yangtze River
CN103583222A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-02-19 狄正兴 Method for cultivating winter rape with interplanted autumn potatoes in dry lands
CN103583223A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-02-19 狄正兴 Method for intercropping winter rapes and potatoes on middle-season rice crop
CN104855066A (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-08-26 上海宝山夙峰园艺场 High-yield rape planting method
CN105660102B (en) * 2015-07-31 2018-11-02 余治国 A kind of nest broadcasts the rapeseed cultivation method for staying transplantation of seedlings dual-purpose
CN105660102A (en) * 2015-07-31 2016-06-15 余治国 Nest sowing seedling reserving and transplanting dual-purpose rape planting method
CN105230307B (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-09-12 上海百泉生物技术有限公司 A kind of double season crop rotations of sunflower soya bean and breeding co-planting method
CN105230307A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 上海百泉生物技术有限公司 Sunflower soybean double-cropping and plantation co-farming method
CN105409536B (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-08-24 湖南农业大学 A kind of paddy plate field minimal tills Brassica campestris L method for planting
CN105766305A (en) * 2016-03-14 2016-07-20 张掖市农业科学研究院 Oilseed rape cultivation method
CN105724034A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-06 湖南农业大学 Deep-ditch narrow-ridge direct-seeding oilseed rape bed-planting cultivation method

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