KR20020048325A - An equipment of cultivation for a matted herbaceous plant and a method thereof - Google Patents

An equipment of cultivation for a matted herbaceous plant and a method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20020048325A
KR20020048325A KR1020020019069A KR20020019069A KR20020048325A KR 20020048325 A KR20020048325 A KR 20020048325A KR 1020020019069 A KR1020020019069 A KR 1020020019069A KR 20020019069 A KR20020019069 A KR 20020019069A KR 20020048325 A KR20020048325 A KR 20020048325A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
rice transplanter
roots
seedling
herbaceous plants
herbaceous
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KR1020020019069A
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Korean (ko)
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박찬웅
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박찬웅
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Priority to KR1020020019069A priority Critical patent/KR20020048325A/en
Publication of KR20020048325A publication Critical patent/KR20020048325A/en
Priority to KR10-2002-0036856A priority patent/KR100443700B1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G20/00Cultivation of turf, lawn or the like; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G20/20Cultivation on mats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • A01G24/15Calcined rock, e.g. perlite, vermiculite or clay aggregates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/40Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure
    • A01G24/44Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure in block, mat or sheet form
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/245Conduits for heating by means of liquids, e.g. used as frame members or for soil heating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements

Abstract

PURPOSE: A method for culturing herbaceous plants in the mat type is provided, therefore the roots of plants can be easily and rapidly fastened deep into the soil. CONSTITUTION: The method for culturing herbaceous plants in the mat type comprises the steps of: inserting a mixture of 20 to 30% of perlite, 40 to 60% of yellow soil, and 20 to 30% of sawdust into a rice planting box(1); seeding the mixture with the seeds of herbaceous plants; inserting the rice planting box(1) to a multi-layered rack and incubating it at 9 deg. C for 7 to 13 days; transferring the germinated box(1) on the soil and storing at 5 to 6 deg. C with aeration wherein the roots are supplied with water using a multi hole water pipe(3); and culturing the herbaceous plants with increasing temperature from 8 -10 deg.C up to 25-30 deg.C by 3-5 deg.C a week using a hot water pipe(4).

Description

매트형 초본식물 재배방법 및 그 재배장치{An equipment of cultivation for a matted herbaceous plant and a method thereof}Matte herbaceous plant cultivation method and apparatus for cultivation {An equipment of cultivation for a matted herbaceous plant and a method

본 발명은 매트형 초본식물 재배방법에 관한 것이다. 더욱 상세하게는 절개지, 뚝의 경사진 면, 농업 용수로, 운동장, 공원 등에 초본식물을 식재하여 뿌리를 신속하게 착지시켜 지면을 보호함으로써 인위적으로 조성된 토양을 자연 생태계로 복원하기 위한 매트형 초본식물에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a mat-type herbaceous plant cultivation method. More specifically, mat-type herbaceous plants for restoring artificially created soils to natural ecosystems by planting herbaceous plants, such as incisions, inclined sides of tufts, agricultural waterways, playgrounds, and parks, and quickly landing roots to protect the ground. It is about.

현대 문명의 발달은 자연 생태계를 파괴하고 있어 자연 환경 복원이 시급히 요청되고 있는 실정으로서 인위적으로 조성된 토양에 자연 생태 복원을 위하여 종래에는 초본식물 조성함에 있어서 직접 토양에 종자를 파종하거나 잔디의 뗏장을 옮겨 식재 또는 시트지에 잔디씨를 내재시키고 짚 등의 보호층으로 적층하여 경사지 등에 덮는 방법 등이 있었으나 이와 같이 직접 파종 방법이나 시트지에 잔디씨를 적층시키는 방법은 종자가 발아하여 착지하기까지 상당한 기간을 요구하게 되고, 잔디밭을 완성시켜 놓고 이를 일정 크기로 떼어서 옮겨 덮는 방법은 잔디에만 한정될 뿐 아니라 모판을 만들기 위하여 잔디를 자를 때 뿌리가 손상을 입게 되고 뗏장과 뗏장 사이의 이음 부분이 손상된 뿌리로 인하여 착지가 불량하는 등 문제점이 발생하였고 이들 뗏장을 일정 크기로 잘라 조성지로 운반하기에도 불편한 문제점들이 있었다.Since the development of modern civilization is destroying the natural ecosystem, there is an urgent need for restoration of the natural environment. In the past, in order to restore the natural ecology to the artificially created soil, in order to restore the natural ecology, sowing seeds or soiling the grass directly on the soil There was a method of embedding grass seed in planting or sheet paper and laminating it with a protective layer such as straw and covering it on slopes.However, direct sowing or laminating grass seed on sheet paper requires a considerable period of time for seeds to germinate and land. The method of finishing the lawn and removing and covering it to a certain size is not only limited to the grass but also the roots are damaged when the grass is cut to make the bed, and the landing between the turf and the turf is damaged due to the damaged roots. Problems have occurred such as Cut the sheet to a certain size, there were inconvenient to carry a joseongji.

본 발명은 이러한 문제점을 해소하기 위한 것으로 다양한 초본식물이 조성지에서 뿌리가 신속히 착지하고 이음 부분에서도 뿌리가 잘려서 손상되지 않고 지면으로 내려 견실하고 왕성하게 자랄 수 있게 하는 매트형 초본식물을 재배하는데 발명의 목적이 있다.The present invention is to solve this problem is to plant a variety of herbaceous plants to grow mat-type herbaceous plants that can be quickly landed in the composition and the roots are cut off at the joints without damage and grow down to the ground solid and vigorous There is a purpose.

이와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위하여 저면에 다수 구멍이 있는 이앙기에 펄라이트(질석), 황토, 발효된 톱밥 등을 초본식물의 종자와 함께 넣고 다단식 선반에서 발아시킨 후 지상에 옮겨 묘상 이앙기 하부가 인접한 지면을 통하여 저면 관수를 하고 뿌리가 내리기에 적당한 온도를 유지시켜 뿌리의 성장을 촉진시키며 이앙기 상부는 묘상에서 발아된 싹이 지상으로 자라지 않도록 냉풍을 환기시켜 묘상에서 자라는 초본식물의 지상부를 휴면 상태로 유지함으로써 초본식물의 뿌리만 견실하게 발달시키고 지상부는 미약하게 하여 초본식물의 묘상(苗床)을 이앙기로부터 분리하고 초본식물을 매트화하여 목적지에 용이하게 운반하여 초본식물 단지를 조성시킬 수 있게 하는데 특징이 있다.In order to achieve this goal, pearlite, vermiculite, fermented sawdust, etc. are put together with seeds of herbaceous plants, germinated on a multi-stage shelf, and transferred to the ground, and then moved to the ground, where the bottom of the seedling rice transplanter is adjacent. By irrigation through the bottom and maintaining the proper temperature for rooting, it promotes the growth of the roots. Only the roots of herbaceous plants are developed steadily, and the ground is weak, so that the herbaceous plants can be separated from the rice transplanter, and the herbaceous plants can be mated to be easily transported to the destination to form herbaceous complexes. .

도 1은 묘상 이앙기를 설합식 선반 위에 올려 놓고 발아시키는 상태도1 is a state in which seedling rice transplanters are placed on a table-top shelf and germinated

도 2는 묘상 이앙기를 지상에 놓고 뿌리 발달을 위하여 지면에 일정 온도를 유지하면서 저면 관수를 하는 상태도Figure 2 is a state of the bottom irrigation while maintaining a certain temperature on the ground for seedling rice transplanter on the ground for root development

도 3의 A는 초본식물 묘상을 이앙기에서 분리하여 매트화한 상태도3A is a state in which the herbaceous plant seedling is separated from the rice transplanter and matized

도 3의 B는 매트형 초본식물을 운반하기 용이하게 두루마리로 말은 상태도Figure 3 B is a state rolled up to facilitate the delivery of mat-type herbaceous plants

< 도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호의 설명 ><Description of Symbols for Main Parts of Drawings>

1. 이앙기1.

2. 선반2. Lathe

3. 관수 파이프3. watering pipe

4. 온수 파이프4. Hot water pipe

5. 천공된 구멍5. perforated hole

이하 본 발명의 구성을 도 1 내지 3에 도시된 도면에 의해 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, the configuration of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings shown in FIGS. 1 to 3.

<묘상 조성단계><Saving phase>

초본식물을 매트화 하기 위하여 두께가 2.5 ~ 3.5cm 정도로 얇고 일정폭으로서 긴 이앙기에 부피 비율로 펄라이트(질석) 20~30%, 황토 40~60%, 발효된 톱밥 20~30%를 넣고 재배하고자 하는 초본식물의 종자를 파종한다. 이 때 톱밥은 발효시키지 않을 경우 유해가스가 발생하여 뿌리에 손상을 주게 되므로 톱밥을 대략 온도 30℃, 수분 40%, 습도 85%에서 약 30일간 완전 발효 시킨 것을 사용한다. 묘상 이앙기의 크기는 필요에 따라 달리 할 수 있으나 대략 폭 25~35cm, 길이 50~70cm, 높이 2~4cm로 하는 것이 바람직하다.In order to mat herbaceous plants, the thickness is 2.5 ~ 3.5cm thin and constant width, and it is cultivated by putting 20 ~ 30% of pearlite (tartar), 40 ~ 60% of ocher, and 20 ~ 30% of fermented sawdust in the ratio of volume to long rice transplanters. Sowing seeds of herbaceous plants. At this time, if sawdust is not fermented, harmful gas will be generated and damage to roots. So, sawdust should be fully fermented for 30 days at approximately 30 ℃, 40% moisture and 85% humidity. The size of seedling rice transplanter can be changed as needed, but it is preferable to set it as about 25-35cm in width, 50-70cm in length, and 2-4cm in height.

<발아 단계><Germination stage>

묘상이 조성된 이앙기(1)를 다단식(서랍식) 선반(2)에 올려 놓고 9℃에서 7 ~ 13일간 발아시킨다.The rice transplanter 1 with the seedling composition is placed on a multi-stage (drawer) shelf 2 and germinated at 9 ° C. for 7 to 13 days.

<뿌리 육성단계><Root growth stage>

발아된 초본식물의 뿌리만 성장시키고 지상부는 발육이 중지되도록 묘상 이앙기를 선반에서 지상으로 내려놓고 이앙기의 상부는 5~6℃의 냉풍을 환기시켜 지상부로 나오는 부분을 휴면 상태로 하고, 묘상 이앙기를 지상으로 옮겨 이앙기의 하부가 놓인 지면을 통하여 저면 관수를 하도록 구멍이 다수 천공된 관수 파이프(3)와 뿌리가 왕성하게 성장할 수 있도록 8~10℃에서 1주 간격으로 3~5℃씩 온도를 올려 출하시에는 묘상의 온도가 25~30℃가 되도록 온수를 통과시키는 온수 파이프(4)를 교대로 설치하여 뿌리가 잘 자랄 수 있는 환경을 조성한다.Grow the roots of the germinated herbaceous plants and put the seedling rice transplanter from the shelf to the ground to stop the growth of the ground, and the upper part of the rice transplanter ventilates the cold wind of 5 ~ 6 ℃ to make the part coming out of the ground part dormant Move to the ground and increase the temperature by 3 ~ 5 ℃ by 1 week intervals at 8 ~ 10 ℃ to grow vigorously the watering pipe (3) and roots with many holes for bottom watering through the ground where the bottom of rice transplanter is placed. At the time of shipment, the hot water pipes 4 through which hot water passes are alternately installed so that the temperature of the seedling is 25 to 30 ° C. to create an environment in which roots can grow well.

이 때 저면 관수에는 물을 공급하여 관수 파이프(3)에 천공된 구멍(5)들로부터 나오는 물을 묘상 이앙기 밑에 천공된 다수의 구멍을 통하여 초본식물의 뿌리가 섭취하도록 하는데, 물에 식물의 영양분을 함께 공급할 수도 있다.At this time, water is supplied to the bottom water so that the roots of the herbaceous plants are ingested from the holes 5 in the watering pipe 3 through the holes drilled under the seedling rice paddy. It can also be supplied together.

또한, 묘상의 지상부에 초본식물의 일부가 자랄 경우에는 잘라서 모판의 두께를 얇게 할 수도 있다.In addition, when a herbaceous plant grows in the ground part of a seedling, it can also cut and make thickness of a base plate thin.

<묘상 분리단계><Separation phase of drawing>

뿌리 육성은 품종에 따라 25~35일 재배로 뿌리가 충분히 발달하여 엉킨 상태로 되므로 묘상을 이앙기에서 분리하여 초본식물을 매트화한다.Root upbringing is cultivated 25 ~ 35 days depending on the variety, so the roots are fully developed and entangled, so the seedlings are separated from the rice transplanter and mat the herbaceous plants.

조성지에 시공할 때는 뿌리가 긴밀히 결착된 상태에서 매트형 초본식물이 형성되었으므로 이앙기에서 분리하여 매트화 된 초본식물 모판을 운반하기에 편리하도록 두루마리로 말을 수 있다.When it is applied to the composition paper, mat-type herbaceous plants were formed with the roots tightly bound, so they can be rolled up to be convenient for transporting the matized herbaceous mother bed separated from the rice transplanter.

상기와 같은 단계로 제조된 매트형 초본식물은 절개지, 농업용수로, 뚝,경사지, 운동장, 공원 등에 적용하여 조성하면 매트의 가장자리 뿌리가 손상되지 않고 왕성하게 자라 엉켜있는 상태이므로 조성지에 이음부가 형성되지 않고 뿌리의 착지가 빨리 이루어진다.The mat-type herbaceous plants prepared in the above steps are applied to incisions, agricultural waterways, forks, slopes, playgrounds, parks, etc., so that the edges of the mats are not damaged and grow vigorously so that no joints are formed in the composition. The landing of roots takes place quickly.

한편, 초본식물로서는 잔디, 구절초, 억새, 야생 들국화를 포함한 모든 식물에 적용할 수 있다.On the other hand, as a herbaceous plant, it can be applied to all plants including grass, gujeolcho, silver grass, wild wild chrysanthemum.

본 발명은 자연친화적 조성 공법으로서 뿌리를 왕성하게 발달 시킨 상태에서조성지에 시공하므로 착지가 빠르고, 매트의 가장자리를 절단하지 않아 조성지의 이음부가 형성되지 않고 깔끔하게 시공되며, 매트형 모판으로서 두루말이로 말을 수 있어 포장이 간단하므로 내수는 물론 수출까지도 용이하게 할 수 있다.The present invention is a natural environment-friendly composition method is applied to the composition paper in the state where the roots are vigorously developed, so that the landing is fast, and the joints of the composition paper are not neatly formed without cutting the edges of the mat, and it is neatly constructed as a mat-shaped base plate. The packaging is simple, so it can be easily exported as well as domestic.

또한, 초본식물 중 갈대는 생육 특성상 야산, 소택지(沼澤地), 사지(砂地) 등에 자생하는 식물이므로 조성지에 적용하였을 때 식생이 원활하며, 특히 야생국화를 식재하였을 때는 농업용수로의 뚝방에 조성지를 만들어 자연 환경을 조기 조성하므로 자연스러운 경관을 연출하면서 토양의 침식을 방지하고 자정작용으로 수질을 정화하여 농작물 피해를 줄이고 생태계를 복원하게 된다.In addition, reeds among herbaceous plants are native to wild mountains, marshes, and limbs because of their growth characteristics. Therefore, when they are applied to the land, the vegetation is smooth. By creating a natural environment early, it creates natural scenery while preventing soil erosion and purifying water by self-cleaning to reduce crop damage and restore ecosystems.

Claims (2)

초본식물을 매트화 하는 방법에 있어서, 두께가 2.5 ~ 3.5cm 정도로 얇고 일정폭으로서 긴 이앙기에 부피 비율로 펄라이트 20~30%, 황토 40~60%, 발효된 톱밥 20~30%를 넣고 재배하고자 하는 초본식물의 종자를 파종하여 이앙기에 묘상을 조성하고, 묘상이 조성된 이앙기(1)를 다단식 선반(2)에 올려 놓고 9℃에서 7~13일간 발아시키며, 발아된 초본식물의 뿌리만 성장시키고 지상부는 발육이 중지되도록 묘상 이앙기를 선반에서 지상으로 내려놓고 지상부는 5~6℃의 냉풍을 환기시켜 지상부로 나오는 부분을 휴면 상태로 하고 묘상 이앙기를 놓는 지하에는 저면 관수를 하도록 구멍이 다수 천공된 관수 파이프(3)와 뿌리가 왕성하게 성장할 수 있도록 발아시 8~10℃에서 1주 간격으로 3~5℃씩 온도를 올려 출하시에는 묘상의 온도가 25~30℃가 되도록 온수를 통과시키는 온수 파이프(4)를 교대로 설치하여 뿌리가 잘 자랄 수 있는 환경을 조성함으로써 뿌리가 충분히 발달하고 엉킨 상태로 되도록 뿌리를 육성시킨 후, 묘상을 이앙기에서 분리하여 초본식물을 매트화하는 것을 특징으로 하는 매트형 초본식물 재배방법.In the method of maturing herbaceous plants, the thickness is about 2.5 ~ 3.5cm, and the width is to be grown in a long rice transplanter with 20-30% pearlite, 40-60% ocher, and 20-30% fermented sawdust. Sowing seeds of the herbaceous plants to form a seedling in the rice transplanter, put the rice transplanter (1) with the seedling on the multi-stage shelf (2) and germinate at 9 ℃ for 7-13 days, only the root of the germinated herbal plants grow Place the seedling rice transplanter from the shelf to the ground to stop the growth of the ground part, and the ground part ventilate the cold wind of 5 ~ 6 ℃ to make the part coming out of the ground part dormant, and in the basement where the seedling rice transplanter is laid, a lot of holes are drilled for the bottom watering. In order to grow the irrigation pipe (3) and roots, the hot water is increased by 3 ~ 5 ℃ at 8 ~ 10 ℃ every week for germination so that the temperature of seedling is 25 ~ 30 ℃ when it is shipped.By alternately installing the water pipes (4) to create an environment in which the roots can grow well, by fostering the roots so that the roots are sufficiently developed and entangled, the seedlings are separated from the rice transplanter to mat herbaceous plants. Mat-type herbaceous plant cultivation method. 초본식물을 매트화하는 재배장치에 있어서, 이앙기에는 펄라이트 20~30%, 황토 40~60%, 발효된 톱밥 20~30%과 초본식물 종자가 파종되고, 이앙기가 위치한 지하하부에는 저면 관수 되도록 다수의 구멍이 천공된 관수파이프(3)와 초본식물 뿌리가 자라기에 적합한 온도를 유지하도록 하는 온수파이프(4)가 교대로 설치된 것을 특징으로 하는 매트형 초본식물 재배장치.In the cultivation apparatus for maturing herbaceous plants, 20-30% pearlite, 40-60% ocher, 20-30% fermented sawdust and herb seeds are sown in the rice transplanter, and a number of bottom waterings are provided in the lower ground where the rice transplanter is located. Mat-type herbaceous plant cultivation device, characterized in that the water supply pipe (4) is installed alternately to maintain a suitable temperature to grow the watering pipe (3) and herbaceous plant roots perforated.
KR1020020019069A 2002-04-08 2002-04-08 An equipment of cultivation for a matted herbaceous plant and a method thereof KR20020048325A (en)

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KR100860335B1 (en) * 2006-08-22 2008-09-25 주식회사 케이씨씨 Apparatus for manufacturing lawn mat

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