CN106416655A - Rhizoma Paridis artificial seedling growing method - Google Patents

Rhizoma Paridis artificial seedling growing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106416655A
CN106416655A CN201610622844.9A CN201610622844A CN106416655A CN 106416655 A CN106416655 A CN 106416655A CN 201610622844 A CN201610622844 A CN 201610622844A CN 106416655 A CN106416655 A CN 106416655A
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
seedbed
seed
rhizoma paridis
days
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CN201610622844.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶建
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Jinggu Sword Planting Cooperatives Paris
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Jinggu Sword Planting Cooperatives Paris
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Priority to CN201610622844.9A priority Critical patent/CN106416655A/en
Publication of CN106416655A publication Critical patent/CN106416655A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

A Rhizoma Paridis artificial seedling growing method comprises the following steps: 1, seed selection and processing; 2, seedbed preparation; 3, seedbed sowing; 4, seedbed management; 5, seedling stage management. The Rhizoma Paridis artificial seedling growing method is low in seedling growing cost, and large in seeding formation quantity.

Description

Rhizoma Paridis artificial raise seedling method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese herbal medicine planting technology field, a kind of specifically method of Rhizoma Paridis artificial breeding.
Background technology
Rhizoma Paridis are Herba Typhonii gigantei, Rhizoma Paridis, Lycoris radiata etc. again, belong to Liliaceae herbaceos perennial.Rhizoma Paridis like raw Live in 500~3000m of height above sea level, weather is moistened, shady place is covered in the appropriate sylvan life of rainfall.General seed sprouting, root growth and top The preference temperature that bud is sprouted is 18 DEG C~20 DEG C, emerges for 20 DEG C, and overground part plant strain growth is 16 DEG C~20 DEG C, underground part rhizome It is grown to 14 DEG C~18 DEG C.Rhizoma Paridis growth requires to cover the environment of shade, and illumination can make more by force blade wither.General seed is sprouted and children The shade of Seedling demands is preferable, and maturation will suitably reduce shade the first two year and increase illumination, be conducive to secondary metabolitess and dry The accumulation of matter.Traditional drugss Rhizoma Paridis mainly using wild resource, with the fast development of Chinese Medicine Industry, with Rhizoma Paridis as raw material Manufacturing enterprise's dosage is significantly increased, and wild Rhizoma Paridis poor growth, sprouting to results from seed needs the year more than 10, it is difficult to full The pharmacy demand of sufficient pharmaceutical manufacturer.
During Rhizoma Paridis plantation, soil moisture content is too low, easily causes stem and leaf dehydration, and root system is withered and dead, and too high then easy generation Pest and disease damage, rhizome rots.Rhizoma Paridis are preferably grown in the subacidity fertile soil of good water permeability or red soil, glue weight, easy hydrops and plate The soil of knot should not be planted.In recent years, artificial culture Rhizoma Paridis become the inevitable choice for becoming industry sustainable development, but Rhizoma Paridis kind Seedling cultivating survival rate is low, and investment risk is big, harvests 8~10 years of need from plant, and investment cycle is longer, and complete by Tame Rhizoma Paridis medical value is lower than wild Rhizoma Paridis, makes the scaled artificial planting of Rhizoma Paridis receive serious restriction.Cause This, research and develop a kind of reduction Planting risk, shorten earning cycle and can improve the Rhizoma Paridis implantation methods of Rhizoma Paridis medical value Become the growth requirement of Rhizoma Paridis industry.
Content of the invention
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of seedling cost is low, seedling quantity is big Rhizoma Paridis artificial raise seedling method.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
Rhizoma Paridis artificial raise seedling method, comprises the steps:
(1) choose seeds and process:Choose full, ripe, not damaged, go mouldy and the Rhizoma Paridis that the dry weight of disease is 40 75g Seed, by which with clean fine sand with weight ratio as 2:1—3:1 mixing, rubbing removes covering of a seed, by the seed dress after process Enter mesh bag, by one layer of soil, one layer of seed storage indoors, the seed number of plies is less than four layers, topmost one layer be Grass, soil will keep moistening, period, preserve 25 30 days under room temperature, then be placed in preservation 20 30 days in a low temperature of 36 degree, then It is placed under 20 degree of constant temperature and preserves 45 days;
(2) seedbed prepares:Choose that physical features is higher, well-drained sylvan life vacant lot or hillside fields, select fine day to turn over seedbed, turn over Tilling depth degree is 10cm 15cm or so, pick up stone and weeds and carry out disinfection with biological proofing, manage into width for 1.2 1.5m Moisture in the soil, between moisture in the soil, ditch depth 20cm, width 25cm are used for current and drain and catchment, according to 50kg/m2Amount be sprinkled into phosphate fertilizer;
(3) seeding in nursery bed:Sowing the last week carries out soil disinfection with 0.5% carbendazim, by 1kg/m2Spread fertilizer over the fields plant ash, The deep ditch for 3 5cm will be marked with spud on seedbed, ditch spacing is 4 5cm, seed to be put into the spacing of 2 4cm, spread Fine earth, then cover covering of a layer thickness for 1cm;
(4) seedbed management:Relative air humidity 50 80% in the canopy of seedbed is kept, temperature is 18 20 degree, seedbed sunshade Spending for 50%, removing weeds in time, water once within 7 10 days, deployable and closure shade, shade is set up on seedbed It is highly 50 60cm, rate of sheltering from heat or light is 70 85%;
(5) seedling management:During seed sprouting, water once within 7 days, irrigation amount to keep ground moistening to be advisable, after emerging, Water once within 10 15 days, clear up weeds at any time, 1 1.5% carbamide, 1.5 2.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate is sprayed, Covering is supplemented after watering every time.
Preferably, the mesh bag is nylon net bag.
Preferably, the humidity of the soil is 20 30%.
Preferably, the covering is pine needle or sharp knife grass or dead leaves.
Compared to the prior art, the method have the benefit that:By protecting with being placed under mesh bag in different temperature Deposit, the efficiency of accelerating germination and final emergence rate is improved, and method is simply operated well.
The present invention has that simple to operate, easy to spread, income is high, the low advantage of risk, and breeds that quantity is big, seedling cost Low, it is that the manual scale planting of Rhizoma Paridis provides new prioritization scheme, with preferable economic benefit and social benefit.
Specific embodiment
Below clear, complete description is carried out to technical scheme, it is clear that described embodiment is only this Bright a part of embodiment, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not having There is the every other embodiment for being obtained on the premise of making creative work, belong to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of Rhizoma Paridis artificial raise seedling method, comprises the steps:
(1) choose seeds and process:Choose full, ripe, not damaged, go mouldy with the dry weight of disease for 40g Rhizoma Paridis seed, By which with clean fine sand with weight ratio as 2:1 mixing, rubbing removes covering of a seed, and the seed after process is loaded mesh bag, institute Mesh bag is stated for nylon net bag, by one layer of soil, one layer of seed storage indoors, the seed number of plies is less than four layers, and topmost one layer is Soil and grass in small, broken bits, the humidity of the soil is 20%.Period, preserve 25 30 days under room temperature, then be placed in guarantor in a low temperature of 3 degree Deposit 20 days, then be placed in preservation 45 days under 20 degree of constant temperature;
(2) seedbed prepares:Choose that physical features is higher, well-drained sylvan life vacant lot or hillside fields, select fine day to turn over seedbed, turn over Tilling depth degree is 10cm or so, pick up stone and weeds and carry out disinfection with biological proofing, manage into moisture in the soil of the width for 1.2m, moisture in the soil inter-drain Deep 20cm, width 25cm are used for current and drain and catchment, according to 50kg/m2Amount be sprinkled into phosphate fertilizer;
(3) seeding in nursery bed:Sowing the last week carries out soil disinfection with 0.5% carbendazim, by 1kg/m2Spread fertilizer over the fields plant ash, To mark, with spud, the ditch that depth is 3cm on seedbed, ditch spacing is 4cm, seed to be put into the spacing of 2cm, spread fine earth, then cover Lid a layer thickness is the covering of 1cm, and the covering is pine needle;
(4) seedbed management:Relative air humidity 50% in the canopy of seedbed is kept, it is 50% that temperature is 18 degree, seedbed sunshade degree, Removing weeds in time, watering once within 7 days, deployable and closure shade is set up on seedbed, shade is highly 50cm, to hide Cloudy rate is 70%;
(5) seedling management:During seed sprouting, water once within 7 days, irrigation amount to keep ground moistening to be advisable, after emerging, 10 It waters once, clears up weeds at any time, sprays 1% carbamide, 1.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, and after watering every time, supplement is covered Cover material.
Through test, embodiment 1, it is 86% that emergence rate is 85%, transplanting survival rate.
Embodiment 2
2nd, Rhizoma Paridis artificial raise seedling method, comprises the steps:
(1) choose seeds and process:Choose full, ripe, not damaged, go mouldy with the dry weight of disease for 75g Rhizoma Paridis seed, By which with clean fine sand with weight ratio as 3:1 mixing, rubbing removes covering of a seed, and the seed after process is loaded mesh bag, institute Mesh bag is stated for nylon net bag, by one layer of soil, one layer of seed storage indoors, the seed number of plies is less than four layers, and topmost one layer is Soil and grass in small, broken bits, the humidity of the soil is 30%, period, preserves 30 days under room temperature, then is placed in preservation 30 in a low temperature of 6 degree My god, then it is placed in preservation 45 days under 20 degree of constant temperature;
(2) seedbed prepares:Choose that physical features is higher, well-drained sylvan life vacant lot or hillside fields, select fine day to turn over seedbed, turn over Tilling depth degree is 15cm or so, pick up stone and weeds and carry out disinfection with biological proofing, manage into moisture in the soil of the width for 1.5m, moisture in the soil inter-drain Deep 20cm, width 25cm are used for current and drain and catchment, according to 50kg/m2Amount be sprinkled into phosphate fertilizer;
(3) seeding in nursery bed:Sowing the last week carries out soil disinfection with 0.5% carbendazim, by 1kg/m2Spread fertilizer over the fields plant ash, To mark, with spud, the ditch that depth is 5cm on seedbed, ditch spacing is 5cm, seed to be put into the spacing of 4cm, spread fine earth, then cover Lid a layer thickness is the covering of 1cm;
(4) seedbed management:Relative air humidity 80% in the canopy of seedbed is kept, it is 50% that temperature is 20 degree, seedbed sunshade degree, Removing weeds in time, watering once within 10 days, deployable and closure shade is set up on seedbed, shade is highly 60cm, Rate of sheltering from heat or light is 85%;
(5) seedling management:During seed sprouting, water once within 7 days, irrigation amount to keep ground moistening to be advisable, after emerging, 15 It waters once, clears up weeds at any time, sprays 1.5% carbamide, 2.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, supplements after watering every time Covering, the covering is dead leaves.
Through test, embodiment 1, it is 87% that emergence rate is 87%, transplanting survival rate.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments, is that those skilled in the art can realize or use the present invention.To this Multiple modifications of a little embodiments to one skilled in the art part thing it will be apparent that generic principles defined herein Can realize in other embodiments without departing from the scope of the invention.Therefore, the present invention will not by limit with The embodiments shown herein, and be intended to accord with the consistent most wide model of principles disclosed herein and features of novelty Enclose.

Claims (4)

1. Rhizoma Paridis artificial raise seedling method, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1) choose seeds and process:Choose full, ripe, not damaged, go mouldy and the Rhizoma Paridis seed that the dry weight of disease is 40 75g, By which with clean fine sand with weight ratio as 2:1—3:1 mixing, rubbing removes covering of a seed, and the seed after process is loaded net Bag, by one layer of soil, one layer of seed storage indoors, the seed number of plies is less than four layers, and topmost one layer is soil and grass in small, broken bits, Soil will keep moistening, period, preserve 25 30 days under room temperature, then be placed in preservation 20 30 days in a low temperature of 36 degree, then put Preserve 45 days under 20 degree of constant temperature;
(2) seedbed prepares:Choose that physical features is higher, well-drained sylvan life vacant lot or hillside fields, select fine day to turn over seedbed, depth of turning over Spend for 10cm 15cm or so, pick up stone and weeds and carry out disinfection with biological proofing, it is 1.2 1.5m to manage into width Moisture in the soil, between moisture in the soil, ditch depth 20cm, width 25cm are used for passing through and drain is catchmented, according to 50kg/m2Amount be sprinkled into phosphate fertilizer;
(3) seeding in nursery bed:Sowing the last week carries out soil disinfection with 0.5% carbendazim, by 1kg/m2Plant ash is spread fertilizer over the fields, by Seedling The deep ditch for 3 5cm being marked with spud on bed, ditch spacing is 4 5cm, seed to be put into the spacing of 2 4cm, spreads thin Soil, then cover covering of a layer thickness for 1cm;
(4) seedbed management:Relative air humidity 50 80% in the canopy of seedbed is kept, temperature is that 18 20 degree, seedbed sunshade degree is 50%, removing weeds in time, watering once within 7 10 days, deployable and closure shade, shade height is set up on seedbed For 50 60cm, rate of sheltering from heat or light is 70 85%;
(5) seedling management:During seed sprouting, water once within 7 days, irrigation amount to keep ground moistening to be advisable, after emerging, 10 15 It waters once, clears up weeds at any time, sprays 1 1.5% carbamide, 1.5 2.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, pours every time Covering is supplemented after water.
2. method according to claim 1, wherein, in step (1), the mesh bag be.
3. method according to claim 1, wherein, in step (1), the humidity of the soil is 20 30%.
4. method according to claim 1, wherein, in step (5), the covering is pine needle or the careless or withered tree of sharp knife Leaf.
CN201610622844.9A 2016-08-02 2016-08-02 Rhizoma Paridis artificial seedling growing method Pending CN106416655A (en)

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Cited By (7)

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CN107182521A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-22 长沙慧日生物技术有限公司 Magnificent Paris polyphylla high efficiency seedling cultivating method
CN107466659A (en) * 2017-09-19 2017-12-15 昆明正申科技服务有限公司 A kind of method for suppressing weed growth in Chinese medicine plantation
CN107580984A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-16 界首市致富家庭农场 A kind of method of woaded blue non-polluted planting
CN107615938A (en) * 2017-09-04 2018-01-23 香格里拉市洛水缘农业开发有限责任公司 A kind of germination accelerating method of Paris polyphylla seed
CN107637411A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-01-30 刘帮强 A kind of breeding method of Rhizome of Forrest Paris
CN108651202A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-10-16 道真仡佬族苗族自治县瑞发农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of Paris polyphylla breeding method
CN109463232A (en) * 2018-10-10 2019-03-15 济宁市农业科学研究院 A kind of sweet photo seed gently simplifies method for culturing seedlings

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107182521A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-22 长沙慧日生物技术有限公司 Magnificent Paris polyphylla high efficiency seedling cultivating method
CN107615938A (en) * 2017-09-04 2018-01-23 香格里拉市洛水缘农业开发有限责任公司 A kind of germination accelerating method of Paris polyphylla seed
CN107466659A (en) * 2017-09-19 2017-12-15 昆明正申科技服务有限公司 A kind of method for suppressing weed growth in Chinese medicine plantation
CN107580984A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-16 界首市致富家庭农场 A kind of method of woaded blue non-polluted planting
CN107637411A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-01-30 刘帮强 A kind of breeding method of Rhizome of Forrest Paris
CN108651202A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-10-16 道真仡佬族苗族自治县瑞发农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of Paris polyphylla breeding method
CN108651202B (en) * 2018-05-10 2021-02-05 温州明览科技有限公司 Paris polyphylla cultivation method
CN109463232A (en) * 2018-10-10 2019-03-15 济宁市农业科学研究院 A kind of sweet photo seed gently simplifies method for culturing seedlings

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Application publication date: 20170222