CN105103855B - A kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time - Google Patents

A kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time Download PDF

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CN105103855B
CN105103855B CN201510496532.3A CN201510496532A CN105103855B CN 105103855 B CN105103855 B CN 105103855B CN 201510496532 A CN201510496532 A CN 201510496532A CN 105103855 B CN105103855 B CN 105103855B
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original seed
paris polyphylla
days
yunnan paris
seed
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CN105103855A (en
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王先奎
铁学江
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Lincang Fu Daji Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Lincang Fu Daji Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time, comprise the following steps:Select original seed, a dormancy, once dissipate dry in the air, secondary dormancy, it is secondary dissipate dry in the air, original seed is broadcasted sowing, weeding seedling-protection.The method and step of the present invention can significantly shorten the Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed budding cycle.Using of the invention compared with other traditional Stratification techniques, it was in advance 120 days, is greatly shortened the original seed budding time by traditional growth cycle 360 days, while bud ratio is improved, increased economic benefits.

Description

A kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time
Technical field
The present invention relates to biological medicinal material Yunnan Paris polyphylla seed growing expanding species method, the technology directly applies to biological medicinal material and bred Expanding species.
Background technology
At present, Yunnan Paris polyphylla seed growing technology, which relates generally to one kind, makes Yunnan Paris polyphylla seed come into leaves for four months long, eight months Processing method, including its germination technology step is:The first step, the Yunnan Paris polyphylla seed capsules for selecting at the beginning of September maturation, the moon of making thinner It is dry 30 days;Second step, at the beginning of 10 months will under the Yunnan Paris polyphylla seed cryogenic conditions that dried in the shade place 15~20 days carry out low-temperature treatment;The Three steps, in mid-October by complete low-temperature treatment after Yunnan Paris polyphylla seed peel off capsule shell, by the Yunnan Paris polyphylla seed with red skin It is sown in ready seed plate, carries out seed sprouting;4th step, the seed plate of the 3rd step is placed in freezer, low-temperature treatment 15 ~20 days;5th step, mid-January by the later Yunnan Paris polyphylla seed broadcasting of the 4th step low-temperature treatment in the crop field of 2800 meters of height above sea level In;6th step, carry out artificial weeder and make, begin with Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling mid-April and come into leaves, there is 85% Yunnan weight to mid-June Building seedling grows leaf, and the method makes the bud ratio and planting percent of Paris polyphylla seed reach more than 85%.(it is Patent point see this Analysis is 201410502503.9)
In view of Yunnan Paris polyphylla germination needs low temperature to dry, the maturity of its original seed is most important, therefore, the present invention Made an issue of in the maturity for focusing on Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed, the Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed received is selected using 9~October, makes 4, original seed with this invention The moon comes into leaves;In addition, in raising technology, during processing Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed, using " secondary dormancy " technology, promoting original seed to send out in advance Bud.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of bud ratio and planting percent for making Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed and reached More than 80% method for promoting the germination ahead of time of Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows:A kind of side of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time Method, comprises the following steps:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into In self-sealing plastic bag, preserved 42~48 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and valve bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 12~18 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into valve bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 42~48 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal epidermis water Point;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in treated nursery, according to every square metre The density of 130~160 seeds is sowed;After planting, sandy soil layer and pine needle layer are laid in nursery after planting successively, to protect The wetness of soil is demonstrate,proved, is watered once within every 8~12 days;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to 7 The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling that the end of month has 80%~97% grows leaf.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Shorten the Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed budding cycle.Can be by other Stratification techniques with the present invention Growth cycle 360 days, is in advance 120 days, greatly shortens the original seed budding time, while bud ratio is improved, increased economy Effect.
On the basis of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention can also do following improvement.
Further, the thickness of the sandy soil layer is 1.5~2cm.
Further, the thickness of the pine needle layer is 2.0~2.5cm.
Further, a kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time, comprises the following steps:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into In self-sealing plastic bag, preserved 45 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and valve bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 15 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into valve bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 45 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal epidermis water Point;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in treated nursery, according to every square metre The density of 150 seeds is sowed;After planting, 2cm sandy soil layer is covered, 2.25cm pine needle layer is covered again above, to ensure soil The wetness of earth, waters once for every 10 days;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to 7 The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling that the end of month has 97% grows leaf.
Further, a kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time, comprises the following steps:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into In self-sealing plastic bag, preserved 42 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and valve bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 12 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into valve bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 42 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal epidermis water Point;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in treated nursery, according to every square metre The density of 130 seeds is sowed;After planting, 1.75cm sandy soil layer is covered, 2.0cm pine needle layer is covered again above, to ensure The wetness of soil, waters once for every 8 days;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to 7 The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling that the end of month has 85% grows leaf.
Further, a kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time, comprises the following steps:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into In self-sealing plastic bag, preserved 48 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and valve bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 18 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into valve bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 48 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal epidermis water Point;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in nursery, according to the density of 160 every square metre Sow;After planting, 1.5cm sandy soil layer is covered, 2.5cm pine needle layer is covered again above, to ensure the wetness of soil, every 12 It waters once;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to 7 The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling that the end of month has 80% grows leaf.
Further, the processing of the nursery will pass through following steps:
1) the whole moisture in the soil in crop field, per moisture in the soil by 1.5 meters wide, rises high 0.20 meter;
2) by step 1) in whole thin time of crop field put down;
3) to step 2) in crop field sprinkling soil sterilants, dry in the air to after 24 hours, obtain nursery, sow original seed.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:
1st, original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed, makes original Selection is planted to be optimal;
2nd, " secondary dormancy " method is used, Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed obtains endoplasm structure evolution twice and dried twice, makes original seed kind Son is able to fully revive, and makes its sprout growth in advance;
3rd, sow density using 150 at the aspect of sowing of Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed, make its sprout after spacing in the rows it is neat, density is fitted In, while effectively using soil, suitable shoot growth;
4th, after Paris polyphylla original seed in Yunnan is sowed, 2 centimetres of sandy soil of covering, and cover pine needle, make its keep suitable wetness and Gas permeability, to ensure 97% bud ratio.
5th, after being sowed using Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed every moisturizing in 10 days once, it is ensured that soil moisture is suitable, is conducive to seed to sprout Bud, fries bud beneficial to seed and is unearthed.
Embodiment
The principle and feature to the present invention are described with reference to embodiments, and the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, It is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment one
A kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time, comprises the following steps:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into In self-sealing plastic bag, preserved 45 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and valve bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 15 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into valve bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 45 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal epidermis water Point;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in treated nursery, according to every square metre The density of 150 seeds is sowed;After planting, 2cm sandy soil layer is covered, 2.25cm pine needle layer is covered again above, to ensure soil The wetness of earth, waters once for every 10 days;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to 7 The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling that the end of month has 97% grows leaf.
The processing of the nursery will pass through following steps:
1) the whole moisture in the soil in crop field, per moisture in the soil by 1.5 meters wide, rises high 0.20 meter;
2) by step 1) in whole thin time of crop field put down;
3) to step 2) in crop field sprinkling soil sterilants, dry in the air to after 24 hours, obtain nursery, sow original seed.
Embodiment two
A kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time, comprises the following steps:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into In self-sealing plastic bag, preserved 42 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and valve bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 12 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into valve bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 42 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal epidermis water Point;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in treated nursery, according to every square metre The density of 130 seeds is sowed;After planting, 1.75cm sandy soil layer is covered, 2.0cm pine needle layer is covered again above, to ensure The wetness of soil, waters once for every 8 days;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to 7 The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling that the end of month has 85% grows leaf.
The processing of the nursery will pass through following steps:
1) the whole moisture in the soil in crop field, per moisture in the soil by 1.5 meters wide, rises high 0.20 meter;
2) by step 1) in whole thin time of crop field put down;
3) to step 2) in crop field sprinkling soil sterilants, dry in the air to after 24 hours, obtain nursery, sow original seed.
Embodiment three
A kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time, comprises the following steps:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into In self-sealing plastic bag, preserved 48 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and valve bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 18 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into valve bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 48 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal epidermis water Point;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in nursery, according to the density of 160 every square metre Sow;After planting, 1.5cm sandy soil layer is covered, 2.5cm pine needle layer is covered again above, to ensure the wetness of soil, every 12 It waters once;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to 7 The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling that the end of month has 80% grows leaf.
The processing of the nursery will pass through following steps:
1) the whole moisture in the soil in crop field, per moisture in the soil by 1.5 meters wide, rises high 0.20 meter;
2) by step 1) in whole thin time of crop field put down;
3) to step 2) in crop field sprinkling soil sterilants, dry in the air to after 24 hours, obtain nursery, sow original seed.
In summary, the specific experiment situation of three kinds of embodiments is as follows:
Example one, when Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed Cord blood 42 days in refrigerator-freezer, original seed storage life is shorter, more normal storage life (45 days) few 72 hours, and its endoplasm structure evolution not exclusively, thus influences its bud ratio;Example two, when Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed is in ice In cabinet during Cord blood 45 days, original seed storage life is in normal range (NR), and its endoplasm structure evolution completely, thus improves budding Rate;Example three, when Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed Cord blood 48 days in refrigerator-freezer, original seed storage life is longer, more normal storage life (45 My god) 72 hours more, its endoplasm structure evolution was in isloation state, thus equally influenceed its bud ratio;
Example one, when Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed is dried 12 days, the evaporation of original seed contained humidity is insufficient, and water content is higher, and influence is former Plant bud ratio;Example two, when Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed is dried 15 days, the evaporation of original seed contained humidity is abundant, and water content is moderate, hereby it is ensured that The bud ratio of original seed;Example three, when Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed is dried 18 days, original seed contained humidity evaporation capacity is too high, makes its water content inclined It is low, thus the influence normal bud ratio of original seed;
, example one about the same with " dormancy " situation during " secondary dormancy " is implemented, when Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed is in refrigerator-freezer During Cord blood 42 days, original seed storage life is shorter, and more normal storage life (45 days) is few 72 hours, and its endoplasm structure develops not again Completely, thus its bud ratio is influenceed;Example 2, when Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed Cord blood 45 days in refrigerator-freezer, original seed storage life is just In normal scope, its endoplasm structure develops completely again, thus improves bud ratio;Example 3, when Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed in refrigerator-freezer it is low When temperature is preserved 48 days, original seed storage life is longer, more normal storage life (45 days) 72 hours more, and its endoplasm structure develops again to be in Isloation state is crossed, thus equally influences its bud ratio;
Example one, when sowing 130, Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed for every square metre, spacing in the rows is excessively dilute after budding, and be unfavorable for soil has Effect is utilized;Example two, when sowing 150, Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed for every square metre, spacing in the rows is neat after budding, and density is moderate, effective While using soil, suitable shoot growth;Example three, when sowing Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed more than 160 for every square metre, after budding Spacing in the rows is overstocked, and influence young shoot light, ventilation, growth;
Example one, after Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed is sowed, cover 1.5 centimetres of sandy soil, influence its moisturizing degree, make bud ratio by Loss;Example two, after Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed is sowed, covers 2 centimetres of sandy soil, it is ensured that soil moisture, good permeability, it is ensured that go out Bud rate;Example three, after Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed is sowed, covers 2.5 centimetres of sandy soil, have impact on the gas permeability of soil, increase soil Water content, bud ratio is incurred loss;Cover uniform pine needle again above, preferably pine needle, it is good ventilative to be first that it has Property, next to that harvesting is easy in locality, reduce cost;Other can also use rice straw mulching, but straw is after repeatedly watering, careless bar Fouling, adds humidity, destroys gas permeability, the growth after influence original seed budding;
To ensure the wetness of soil, it is necessary to which every 10 days or so water once;Example one, Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed sow after every Once, soil moisture is too high, and seed easily rots for moisturizing in 8 days, is unfavorable for the fried bud of seed and is unearthed;Example two, Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed is broadcast After spreading every moisturizing in 10 days once, soil moisture is suitable, is conducive to seed germination, and frying bud beneficial to seed is unearthed;Example three, Yunnan weight Building original seed sow after every moisturizing in 12 days once, soil moisture is too low, reduce the seed germination time, be also unfavorable for seed fry bud go out Soil.
The thickness of the pine needle layer is 2.0~2.5cm, guarantor's wetness of soil can be effectively ensured, less than this standard Do not reach guarantor's wetness of soil, the ventilating air permeability of original seed is have impact on again after this standard.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into self-styled In polybag, preserved 42~48 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and self-sealing plastic bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 12~18 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into self-sealing plastic bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 42~48 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal transepidermal water;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in treated nursery, according to every square metre 130~ The density of 160 seeds is sowed;After planting, sandy soil layer and pine needle layer are laid in nursery after planting successively, to ensure soil The wetness of earth, waters once for every 8~12 days;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to by the end of July The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling for having 80%~97% grows leaf.
2. a kind of method that promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germinates ahead of time according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the sandy soil The thickness of layer is 1.5~2cm.
3. a kind of method that promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germinates ahead of time according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the pine needle The thickness of layer is 2.0~2.5cm.
4. a kind of method that promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germinates ahead of time according to claim 3, it is characterised in that including as follows Step:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into self-styled In polybag, preserved 45 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and self-sealing plastic bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 15 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into self-sealing plastic bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 45 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal transepidermal water;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in treated nursery, according to 150 every square metre The density of seed is sowed;After planting, 2cm sandy soil layer is covered, 2.25cm pine needle layer is covered again above, to ensure the tide of soil Humidity, waters once for every 10 days;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to by the end of July The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling for having 97% grows leaf.
5. a kind of method that promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germinates ahead of time according to claim 3, it is characterised in that including as follows Step:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into self-styled In polybag, preserved 42 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and self-sealing plastic bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 12 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into self-sealing plastic bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 42 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal transepidermal water;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in treated nursery, according to 130 every square metre The density of seed is sowed;After planting, 1.75cm sandy soil layer is covered, 2.0cm pine needle layer is covered again above, to ensure soil Wetness, waters once for every 8 days;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to by the end of July The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling for having 85% grows leaf.
6. a kind of method that promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germinates ahead of time according to claim 5, it is characterised in that including as follows Step:
(1) original seed is selected:Ripe Yunnan Paris polyphylla capsule during selecting for 9~October, making thinner to dry in the shade obtains primary original seed;
(2) dormancy:The primary original seed that step (1) is obtained is dried, and after primary original seed removes steam, is put into self-styled In polybag, preserved 48 days in a low temperature of 0~2 degree of refrigerator-freezer;
(3) once dissipate and dry in the air:The original seed that step (2) is obtained takes out from refrigerator-freezer and self-sealing plastic bag, scattered sun in shady place put to 18 days;
(4) secondary dormancy:The original seed that step (3) is obtained is put into self-sealing plastic bag, is inserted in refrigerator-freezer in 0~2 degree of low temperature again Preserve 48 days;
(5) secondary dissipate is dried in the air:The original seed that step (4) is obtained peels off capsule shell, places shady place and dries removal transepidermal water;
(6) original seed is broadcasted sowing:The original seed that step (5) is obtained is sown in nursery, is broadcast according to the density of 160 every square metre Spread;After planting, 1.5cm sandy soil layer is covered, 2.5cm pine needle layer is covered again above, to ensure the wetness of soil, every 12 days Water once;
(7) weeding seedling-protection:The weeds grown are removed in cultivating process, Yunnan Paris polyphylla is begun with and grows leaflet June next year, to by the end of July The Yunnan Paris polyphylla seedling for having 80% grows leaf.
7. according to a kind of any one of claim 1 to 6 method of promotion Yunnan Paris polyphylla original seed germination ahead of time, its feature exists In the processing of the nursery will pass through following steps:
1) the whole moisture in the soil in crop field, per moisture in the soil by 1.5 meters wide, rises high 0.20 meter;
2) by step 1) in whole thin time of crop field put down;
3) to step 2) in crop field sprinkling soil sterilants, dry in the air to after 24 hours, obtain nursery, sow original seed.
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CN106560017A (en) * 2016-08-04 2017-04-12 丽江十邦生物工程有限责任公司 Plantation method improving Rhizoma Paridis budding rate
CN107182521A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-22 长沙慧日生物技术有限公司 Magnificent Paris polyphylla high efficiency seedling cultivating method
CN107371704A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-24 台江福康苗药种植有限公司 A kind of cultural method for improving paris polyphylla bud ratio

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