CN104541927A - High-yield cultivation method of organic yacon - Google Patents

High-yield cultivation method of organic yacon Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104541927A
CN104541927A CN201510050930.2A CN201510050930A CN104541927A CN 104541927 A CN104541927 A CN 104541927A CN 201510050930 A CN201510050930 A CN 201510050930A CN 104541927 A CN104541927 A CN 104541927A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
plant
seedling
smallantus sonchifolium
block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510050930.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金思思
Original Assignee
金思思
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 金思思 filed Critical 金思思
Priority to CN201510050930.2A priority Critical patent/CN104541927A/en
Publication of CN104541927A publication Critical patent/CN104541927A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

A high-yield cultivation method of organic yacon includes the steps of selecting an environment, to be specific, an alpine area 700 to 1000 m in altitude, with a high day-night temperature difference and no pollution; treating and sterilizing seed tubers, to be specific, forcing germination of the seed tubers 30 days before sowing, performing dicing before forcing of germination, with each dice weighing 30 to 50 g, cutting radical buds open after the seed tubers germinate, with each dice bearing 1 to 2 buds, row spacing 0.8 to 1.0 m and plant spacing 0.4 to 0.5 m, and performing pruning and topping in time. During cultivation, timely pruning is required, and harvesting is generally performed when stem tips start withering, leaves start yellowing after being in contact with frost, overground parts wither or pulp turns orange yellow.

Description

A kind of organic high-yield yacon cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation method of a planting fruit-trees, specifically refer to a kind of organic high-yield yacon cultivation method.
Background technology
Smallantus sonchifolium originates in the Andes from South America, and be tropical alpine crop, overground part is ramie seemingly, and underground grows stem tuber and block root successively, and along foundation growth is the stem tuber being similar to ginger, for breeding; Below stem tuber raw block root, the outer image sweet potato of block root, pulp is tasted, and mouthfeel is but the spitting image of water pears, and juice is many and glittering and translucent, fragrant and sweet crisp and refreshing.Smallantus sonchifolium belongs to low-calorie diet, enriches mineral matter containing the amino acid of a large amount of water-solubility vegetable fibres and abundant FOS and 18 kinds of needed by human and calcium iron etc.In Smallantus sonchifolium, FOS content is the highest in known all plants, and its content is 60% ~ 70% of dry matter, and FOS has short digestion, adjusts enteron aisle, the fat that purifies the blood, adjust blood, fall the health cares such as fiery detoxicating and do.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of organic high-yield yacon cultivation method, comprise the following steps:
Select height above sea level 700 ~ 1000m, weather is felt nice and cool, and day and night temperature is large, and the alpine region without any pollution plant, requires that fertile soil loosens, the sandy loam that soil layer is deep, and preserve moisture and fertility performance is good, can not the tableland of ponding, terraced fields, ground, gentle slope plant; Matrix configures: stir after Chinese medicine slag, cotton seed hull, sandy loam being prewetted, and adding wheat bran, corn flour successively, regulate acid-base value to pH 9.0 with limewash, is wherein Chinese medicine slag 10% according to mass fraction, wheat bran 5%, corn flour is 2%, cotton seed hull 20%, and all the other are sandy loam;
Vernalization, seedbed prepares: potato seed process, sterilization: Smallantus sonchifolium potato seed carries out vernalization in 30 days before broadcasting, stripping and slicing is wanted before vernalization, general every block heavily about 30-50 grams, after kind of stem radical bud sprouts, radical bud is cut open, every block has 1 ~ 2 bud, wrap up in wound sterilization with ash to wait to plant, the warming booth of moisturizing is directly put into by being separated the ball block of sterilizing, the moistening fine earth of ball block lower berth one deck or clean river sand, soil sand will keep certain humidity, then plastic film or straw is covered, the moisturizing of bud bed will be noted during vernalization, can not often water, avoid ponding, when kind of a spheroblast block sprouts growth formation leaf bud 1 centimetre, move on to light, temperature, gas, the soil environment that liquid manure is good is heeled in,
Plantation: line-spacing 0.8 ~ 1.0m, spacing in the rows 0.4 ~ 0.5m, first to turn over ridging, cave is dug by 50cm × 50cm specification, the dark 40cm in cave, executes well-rotted farmyard manure 3000 ~ 5000kg for every mu when ridging digs cave, and to the process of disinfecting soil desinsection, in kind of plant hole, every mu is spilt and executes tea seed cake fertile 25kg, quicklime 50kg, after mixing thoroughly with upper layer of soil, Smallantus sonchifolium kind block is planted in loam, earthing 5cm; Transplant planting adopts line-spacing 1 meter, spacing in the rows 0.6 meter.Just can transplant the furrow back dug when growing to 13-15 centimetres Deng nursery stock, about mu plants the strain of strain number 900, field planting is complete will water sufficient water, ensureing shallow sowing as far as possible on the basis survived, planting depth is generally with 5-6 centimetres, and during plantation, plant periphery wants grave mound tight, and the depth wants consistent, plant is basseted, be not stained with mud when watering slurry, ensures that cultivation seedling can be straight, do not press seedling, it is long that seedling should not reveal, and survives in case strong wind gets rid of seedling impact;
Field management: training is in time pinched, in cultivation, Smallantus sonchifolium should be pruned in time, rests in every strain and stays 3, and height of seedling 30 about cm carries out the 1st heap soil or fertilizer over and around the roots pocket of hoeing up weeds, make that ridge is high brings up to 30 ~ 40 cm, execute appropriate farmyard manure again as base fertilizer deficiency before field planting and supplement; During 5 ~ 6 tongue leaf, hoe up weeds for 6 middle of the month 1 time again, depend upon circumstances later, the many overgrowing of grass are taken advantage of seedling and are just uprooted 1 time again, and careless little gesture is weak just not to be uprooted;
Diseases and pests controlling: Smallantus sonchifolium resistant to diseases and insects is strong, seldom damage by disease and insect occurs.Insect pest is soil insect and prodenia litura mainly, soil insect when sowing every mu execute 25kg tea seed cake fertilizer and prevent and treat, prodenia litura gyplure is trapped and killed.Mainly can there is bacterial wilt at low-lying slowly drained soil or continuous cropping plot in disease, execute 50kg quicklime and control for every mu by crop rotation and when sowing;
Gather: picking time is generally start to wither at plant stem apex, meets white rear blade and starts yellow, acrial part is withered or gather when pulp transfers to orange-yellow, loose two sides dead furrow is first dug when gathering, Smallantus sonchifolium of slowly choosing up turns over, and then use sharp knife from Bottoming, excision face must not be greater than 2 centimetres, otherwise wound easily rots, after Smallantus sonchifolium is gathered, the place of shady and cool ventilation is placed on, not contact with water, otherwise become green soon, quality is had an impact.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below.
Select height above sea level 700 ~ 1000m, weather is felt nice and cool, and day and night temperature is large, and the alpine region without any pollution plant, requires that fertile soil loosens, the sandy loam that soil layer is deep, and preserve moisture and fertility performance is good, can not the tableland of ponding, terraced fields, ground, gentle slope plant; Matrix configures: stir after Chinese medicine slag, cotton seed hull, sandy loam being prewetted, and adding wheat bran, corn flour successively, regulate acid-base value to pH 9.0 with limewash, is wherein Chinese medicine slag 10% according to mass fraction, wheat bran 5%, corn flour is 2%, cotton seed hull 20%, and all the other are sandy loam;
Vernalization, seedbed prepares: potato seed process, sterilization: Smallantus sonchifolium potato seed carries out vernalization in 30 days before broadcasting, stripping and slicing is wanted before vernalization, general every block heavily about 30-50 grams, after kind of stem radical bud sprouts, radical bud is cut open, every block has 1 ~ 2 bud, wrap up in wound sterilization with ash to wait to plant, the warming booth of moisturizing is directly put into by being separated the ball block of sterilizing, the moistening fine earth of ball block lower berth one deck or clean river sand, soil sand will keep certain humidity, then plastic film or straw is covered, the moisturizing of bud bed will be noted during vernalization, can not often water, avoid ponding, when kind of a spheroblast block sprouts growth formation leaf bud 1 centimetre, move on to light, temperature, gas, the soil environment that liquid manure is good is heeled in,
Plantation: line-spacing 0.8 ~ 1.0m, spacing in the rows 0.4 ~ 0.5m, first to turn over ridging, cave is dug by 50cm × 50cm specification, the dark 40cm in cave, executes well-rotted farmyard manure 3000 ~ 5000kg for every mu when ridging digs cave, and to the process of disinfecting soil desinsection, in kind of plant hole, every mu is spilt and executes tea seed cake fertile 25kg, quicklime 50kg, after mixing thoroughly with upper layer of soil, Smallantus sonchifolium kind block is planted in loam, earthing 5cm; Transplant planting adopts line-spacing 1 meter, spacing in the rows 0.6 meter.Just can transplant the furrow back dug when growing to 13-15 centimetres Deng nursery stock, about mu plants the strain of strain number 900, field planting is complete will water sufficient water, ensureing shallow sowing as far as possible on the basis survived, planting depth is generally with 5-6 centimetres, and during plantation, plant periphery wants grave mound tight, and the depth wants consistent, plant is basseted, be not stained with mud when watering slurry, ensures that cultivation seedling can be straight, do not press seedling, it is long that seedling should not reveal, and survives in case strong wind gets rid of seedling impact;
Field management: training is in time pinched, in cultivation, Smallantus sonchifolium should be pruned in time, rest in every strain and stay 3, every strain stays the impact of a quantity on quality to see the following form, and harvest time, 30 strains were examined or check in each process at random, result with stay 3 best, output is the highest, and individual plant block root gross weight 3.2 kg, is significantly higher than 1.9 kg of 2 2.4 kg and 1, and the bulk radical of 3 5.8, is also significantly higher than 4.6 of 2 and 1 3.9.Therefore, in plantation Smallantus sonchifolium branch growth animated period (8, September
Part) should prune in time, grasp every nest and stay 3 healthy and strong branches as well.Height of seedling 30 about cm carries out the 1st heap soil or fertilizer over and around the roots pocket of hoeing up weeds, and makes that ridge is high brings up to 30 ~ 40 cm, executes appropriate farmyard manure again supplement as base fertilizer deficiency before field planting; During 5 ~ 6 tongue leaf, hoe up weeds for 6 middle of the month 1 time again, depend upon circumstances later, the many overgrowing of grass are taken advantage of seedling and are just uprooted 1 time again, and careless little gesture is weak just not to be uprooted;
Diseases and pests controlling: Smallantus sonchifolium resistant to diseases and insects is strong, seldom damage by disease and insect occurs.Insect pest is soil insect and prodenia litura mainly, soil insect when sowing every mu execute 25kg tea seed cake fertilizer and prevent and treat, prodenia litura gyplure is trapped and killed.Mainly can there is bacterial wilt at low-lying slowly drained soil or continuous cropping plot in disease, execute 50kg quicklime and control for every mu by crop rotation and when sowing;
Gather: picking time is generally start to wither at plant stem apex, meets white rear blade and starts yellow, acrial part is withered or gather when pulp transfers to orange-yellow, loose two sides dead furrow is first dug when gathering, Smallantus sonchifolium of slowly choosing up turns over, and then use sharp knife from Bottoming, excision face must not be greater than 2 centimetres, otherwise wound easily rots, after Smallantus sonchifolium is gathered, the place of shady and cool ventilation is placed on, not contact with water, otherwise become green soon, quality is had an impact.Through storage test, sandy soil mound storage or diaphragm seal storage is taked to be advisable.The method of sandy soil mound storage is one deck Smallantus sonchifolium one deck sandy soil, preserves and does not occur rotting at the end of 2 months next year, starts March to occur successively rotting, and still have about 20% good fruit to May, pulp is faint yellow, and mouthfeel is better.Diaphragm seal is preserved, in the packing case of 5kg or 10kg dress, spread food package film, and sack is tightened in vanning, can preserve at the end of of 2 months.Visible, the storage key of Smallantus sonchifolium is sealing, moisturizing, about 3 months general storage period, and when listing is sold, suggestion adopts blister-pack case sealing storage, is convenient to transport and sells.

Claims (1)

1. an organic high-yield yacon cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) environmental selection: select height above sea level 700 ~ 1000m, weather is felt nice and cool, and day and night temperature is large, and the alpine region without any pollution plant, requires that fertile soil loosens, the sandy loam that soil layer is deep, and preserve moisture and fertility performance is good, can not the tableland of ponding, terraced fields, ground, gentle slope plant; Matrix configures: stir after Chinese medicine slag, cotton seed hull, sandy loam being prewetted, and adding wheat bran, corn flour successively, regulate acid-base value to pH 9.0 with limewash, is wherein Chinese medicine slag 10% according to mass fraction, wheat bran 5%, corn flour is 2%, cotton seed hull 20%, and all the other are sandy loam;
(2) vernalization, seedbed prepares: potato seed process, sterilization: Smallantus sonchifolium potato seed carries out vernalization in 30 days before broadcasting, stripping and slicing is wanted before vernalization, general every block heavily about 30-50 grams, after kind of stem radical bud sprouts, radical bud is cut open, every block has 1 ~ 2 bud, wrap up in wound sterilization with ash to wait to plant, the warming booth of moisturizing is directly put into by being separated the ball block of sterilizing, the moistening fine earth of ball block lower berth one deck or clean river sand, soil sand will keep certain humidity, then plastic film or straw is covered, the moisturizing of bud bed will be noted during vernalization, can not often water, avoid ponding, when kind of a spheroblast block sprouts growth formation leaf bud 1 centimetre, move on to light, temperature, gas, the soil environment that liquid manure is good is heeled in,
(3) plant: line-spacing 0.8 ~ 1.0m, spacing in the rows 0.4 ~ 0.5m, first to turn over ridging, cave is dug by 50cm × 50cm specification, the dark 40cm in cave, executes well-rotted farmyard manure 3000 ~ 5000kg for every mu when ridging digs cave, and to the process of disinfecting soil desinsection, in kind of plant hole, every mu is spilt and executes tea seed cake fertile 25kg, quicklime 50kg, after mixing thoroughly with upper layer of soil, Smallantus sonchifolium kind block is planted in loam, earthing 5cm; Transplant planting adopts line-spacing 1 meter, spacing in the rows 0.6 meter; Just can transplant the furrow back dug when growing to 13-15 centimetres Deng nursery stock, about mu plants the strain of strain number 900, field planting is complete will water sufficient water, ensureing shallow sowing as far as possible on the basis survived, planting depth is generally with 5-6 centimetres, and during plantation, plant periphery wants grave mound tight, and the depth wants consistent, plant is basseted, be not stained with mud when watering slurry, ensures that cultivation seedling can be straight, do not press seedling, it is long that seedling should not reveal, and survives in case strong wind gets rid of seedling impact;
(4) field management: training is in time pinched, in cultivation, Smallantus sonchifolium should be pruned in time, rests in every strain and stays 3, and height of seedling 30 about cm carries out the 1st heap soil or fertilizer over and around the roots pocket of hoeing up weeds, make that ridge is high brings up to 30 ~ 40 cm, execute appropriate farmyard manure again as base fertilizer deficiency before field planting and supplement; During 5 ~ 6 tongue leaf, hoe up weeds for 6 middle of the month 1 time again, depend upon circumstances later, the many overgrowing of grass are taken advantage of seedling and are just uprooted 1 time again, and careless little gesture is weak just not to be uprooted;
(5) diseases and pests controlling: Smallantus sonchifolium resistant to diseases and insects is strong, seldom damage by disease and insect occurs; Insect pest is soil insect and prodenia litura mainly, soil insect when sowing every mu execute 25kg tea seed cake fertilizer and prevent and treat, prodenia litura gyplure is trapped and killed, mainly can there is bacterial wilt at low-lying slowly drained soil or continuous cropping plot in disease, execute 50kg quicklime and control for every mu by crop rotation and when sowing;
(6) gather: picking time is generally start to wither at plant stem apex, meets white rear blade and starts yellow, acrial part is withered or gather when pulp transfers to orange-yellow, loose two sides dead furrow is first dug when gathering, Smallantus sonchifolium of slowly choosing up turns over, and then use sharp knife from Bottoming, excision face must not be greater than 2 centimetres, otherwise wound easily rots, after Smallantus sonchifolium is gathered, the place of shady and cool ventilation is placed on, not contact with water, otherwise become green soon, quality is had an impact.
CN201510050930.2A 2015-02-02 2015-02-02 High-yield cultivation method of organic yacon Pending CN104541927A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510050930.2A CN104541927A (en) 2015-02-02 2015-02-02 High-yield cultivation method of organic yacon

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510050930.2A CN104541927A (en) 2015-02-02 2015-02-02 High-yield cultivation method of organic yacon

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104541927A true CN104541927A (en) 2015-04-29

Family

ID=53059866

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510050930.2A Pending CN104541927A (en) 2015-02-02 2015-02-02 High-yield cultivation method of organic yacon

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104541927A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123160A (en) * 2015-06-14 2015-12-09 傅美娜 Method for efficient cultivating purple sweet potato
CN105123246A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-09 安徽格瑞农业开发有限公司 Organic cultivation method for yacon trees
CN105557261A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-05-11 陈�基 Method for cultivating smallanthus sonchifolius
CN108419622A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-08-21 六枝特区舰航种养殖场 A kind of implantation methods improving yacon quality

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1382366A (en) * 2002-04-11 2002-12-04 新疆奥斯曼生物科技有限公司 Artificial culture method for breeding snow lotus in hothouse
CN1385057A (en) * 2002-04-18 2002-12-18 新疆奥斯曼生物科技有限公司 Method for artificial cultivation of Saussurea involucrate
CN1806487A (en) * 2006-01-27 2006-07-26 昆明瑞鹏生态农业科技有限公司 Counter-season yacon planting method
KR20110086237A (en) * 2010-01-22 2011-07-28 성덕주 The cultivation method of eternal yacon
CN102487720A (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-06-13 中国科学院新疆理化技术研究所 Large-scale artificial planting method for Xinjiang saussurea involucrata
CN103314758A (en) * 2013-07-02 2013-09-25 新疆雪莲维药生物工程有限公司 Method for artificially cultivating saussurea involucrata
CN103355078A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-10-23 新疆奥斯曼生物资源有限公司 Original ecological planting method for saussurea involucrate
CN103651034A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 张家港市塘桥果艺园 Organic high-yield yacon cultivation method

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1382366A (en) * 2002-04-11 2002-12-04 新疆奥斯曼生物科技有限公司 Artificial culture method for breeding snow lotus in hothouse
CN1385057A (en) * 2002-04-18 2002-12-18 新疆奥斯曼生物科技有限公司 Method for artificial cultivation of Saussurea involucrate
CN1806487A (en) * 2006-01-27 2006-07-26 昆明瑞鹏生态农业科技有限公司 Counter-season yacon planting method
KR20110086237A (en) * 2010-01-22 2011-07-28 성덕주 The cultivation method of eternal yacon
CN102487720A (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-06-13 中国科学院新疆理化技术研究所 Large-scale artificial planting method for Xinjiang saussurea involucrata
CN103314758A (en) * 2013-07-02 2013-09-25 新疆雪莲维药生物工程有限公司 Method for artificially cultivating saussurea involucrata
CN103355078A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-10-23 新疆奥斯曼生物资源有限公司 Original ecological planting method for saussurea involucrate
CN103651034A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 张家港市塘桥果艺园 Organic high-yield yacon cultivation method

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
王仁华等: "雪莲果有机标准化栽培技术", 《农业科技通讯》 *
郑圣传: "雪莲果引种栽培关键技术", 《福建农业》 *
魏建军等: "武当山区雪莲果有机丰产栽培技术探索", 《农业科技通讯》 *

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123160A (en) * 2015-06-14 2015-12-09 傅美娜 Method for efficient cultivating purple sweet potato
CN105123246A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-09 安徽格瑞农业开发有限公司 Organic cultivation method for yacon trees
CN105557261A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-05-11 陈�基 Method for cultivating smallanthus sonchifolius
CN105557261B (en) * 2015-12-19 2018-11-27 宁波远志立方能源科技有限公司 A kind of yacon cultural method
CN108419622A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-08-21 六枝特区舰航种养殖场 A kind of implantation methods improving yacon quality

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103461049B (en) Protective cultivation technique for rice
CN102783391B (en) Second-time grafting planting method for hawthorn tree in cold region
CN104641872A (en) Cucumber cultivation method
CN105123160A (en) Method for efficient cultivating purple sweet potato
CN105532353A (en) High-yield planting method of kiwi fruit
CN103814723A (en) Efficient cultivation method for high-altitude area radix dipsaci
CN103651034A (en) Organic high-yield yacon cultivation method
CN103299818A (en) Pollution-free autumn watermelon culturing method
CN103098679B (en) Cultivation method for interplanting sweet corns in paddies without floods and droughts
CN102550275A (en) Method for interplanting vegetables with asparagus
CN104303796A (en) Greenhouse cultivation method for pollution-free early-spring melons
CN102077751A (en) Artificial domestication out-of-season planting technology of vegetable acanthopanax senticosus
CN109328921B (en) Sweet corn planting method capable of achieving three harvests per year
CN102550261B (en) Method for interplanting Mimosa pudica and Moringa oleifera
CN104541927A (en) High-yield cultivation method of organic yacon
CN103238443B (en) Seed reproduction method for over-wintering-spring cabbage, summer fresh-eating sweet corn and autumn coreopsis
CN105794485B (en) Broad bean-Green maize-tender tea leaves lotus-sponge gourd-pimento diversification cropping pattern in a kind of greenhouse
CN104145651A (en) Planting method of Adenophora triphylla, perennial herb of the family Campanulaceae
CN107306654B (en) Cauliflower planting method
CN113348939A (en) Efficient three-dimensional planting and breeding combination method for peach trees, common fescue and golden cicadas
CN107896869A (en) A kind of Early maturity rape tongue high mountain green cultural method
CN105284332A (en) Planting method of gastrodia elata having complete medicinal effect
CN103477829A (en) American ginseng planting method
CN108293709A (en) A kind of organic cabbage heart seedling dish open field culture method
CN105766291A (en) Cultivation method for sedum aizoon L.

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20150429