CN103503684A - Method for planting transplanting type alfalfa - Google Patents

Method for planting transplanting type alfalfa Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103503684A
CN103503684A CN201310468916.5A CN201310468916A CN103503684A CN 103503684 A CN103503684 A CN 103503684A CN 201310468916 A CN201310468916 A CN 201310468916A CN 103503684 A CN103503684 A CN 103503684A
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transplanting
clover
alfalfa
seed
water
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CN103503684B (en
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关法春
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AGRICULTURAL AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY COLLEGE OF TIBET UNIVERSITY
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AGRICULTURAL AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY COLLEGE OF TIBET UNIVERSITY
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting transplanting type alfalfa. The method for planting the transplanting type alfalfa comprises the following steps that alfalfa varieties which are strong in disease resistance and early in dormancy are selected, seeds are selected through the winnowing and screening modes, and the seeds are spread and placed under the blazing sun for 3-4 days; a land which is leeward, exposed to the sun, high in terrain, dry in soil, good in water draining and close to a water source is selected to serve as a seedbed land; the sowing time is selected between March and April, a nutrition pot is used for growing seedlings, the seeding rate is 20 grams per square meter, and seeds are covered by soil by 2 centimeters; water is supplemented and covering is carried out timely according to the soil water regime of a seedbed; transplanting is carried out when the rainy season comes in mid-to-late June, the transplanting method of digging dibble water sitting sowing or digging pits is adopted, or transplanting is carried out before rainy days or after rainy days; weeds around rice seedlings are removed at the time of soil freezing and melting in the late autumn and early winter, in the late autumn and early winter, the land is irrigated once with frozen water and is irrigated with green resuming water when the alfalfa begins to return to green every spring; the alfalfa is not harvested in the year when the alfalfa is transplanted to enable the alfalfa to live through the winter safely, and the alfalfa can be harvested in autumn next year. The method is simple and convenient to operate, and the yield of the alfalfa is improved.

Description

A kind of method of transplanting type clover plantation
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of clover plantation, relate in particular to a kind of method of transplanting type clover plantation.
Background technology
Clover is the common name that clover belongs to (Medicago) plant, it is a kind of perennial flowering plant, wherein foremost is alfalfa (Medicagosativa) as herbage, it is animal feeding-stuff, in the Western Han Dynastry, from the Western Regions, introduce, clover is famous with " King of Pasture ", not only output is high, and herbaceous stem is good, various livestock and poultry are all liked food, the cultivated area of China clover approximately 1,330,000 hm^2, development along with commodity economy, alfalfa industry scale development is very fast, the cultivated area of clover expands, for more scientific ground Planting Medicago sativa, improve the Quality and yield of clover product, now clover farming and cultivation management technology main points are described below:
The primary root of clover can be in depth under, when plant strain growth 20 years is above, if subsoil porous is more than main root can reach 15 meters (50 chis) deeply, therefore clover is extremely strong to arid tolerance, the root of seedling 2 months time of growing can go deep into 90 centimeters, soil, in the time of 5 months, reach 180 centimeters (6 chis), common this situation: the clover of new plantation can tolerate serious summer arid and leguminous plant that other root system compare Qian, branch is more because of not drought-resistant and dead;
After the harvesting of Herba Medicaginis stem branch, can bear again rapidly a large amount of new stems, therefore in each season of growth, can gather in hay 1 time to 13 times more than, the number of times that can gather in and the gross yield of each season of growth depend mainly on length, the adaptability to soil of the season of growth, whether sunlight is sufficient, especially the quantity of season of growth rainfall and irrigation and distribution, the alfalfa hay of greenery is nutritious, by livestock is liked food, protein containing approximately 16% and 8% mineral matter, be rich in again vitamin A, E, D and K;
Clover contains a large amount of thick protein, abundant carbohydrate and B family vitamin, the lot of trace nutrients such as vitamin C, E and iron, not only can be used for cattle breeding, also be one of the most ancient food of the mankind, the young shoot of people when mainly edible clover turns green early spring, clover bud nutrient component is high, contain abundant dietary fiber, and only have carbohydrate seldom, heat is very low, be a kind of excellent high fiber food low in calories.
Summary of the invention
The object of the embodiment of the present invention is to provide a kind of method of transplanting type clover plantation, be intended to solve the live clover in existing climate arid wasteland then root system cross shallow and cannot effectively absorb deep soil moisture, cause the problem that is difficult to turn green spring in next year.
The embodiment of the present invention is achieved in that a kind of method of transplanting type clover plantation, and the method for this transplanting type transplanting type clover plantation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, cleans seed with the method for selection by winnowing and screening, and seed is spread out to put and is exposed to the sun in the sun 3~4 days;
Step 2, choose leeward on the sunny side, physical features is high and dry, draining is good, apart from compare Jin plot, water source as seedbed;
Step 3, the sowing time elect 3 months as at the beginning of or April early and middle ten days feeding block seedlings raising, seeding quantity 20g/m 2, earthing 2cm;
Step 4, according to the timely moisturizing of nursery soil water regime and covering;
Step 5, mid or late June transplants during rainy season set, adopts plane hole hole irrigation for seeding or draws ditch formula transplanting method, or after rain, transplanting before rain;
Step 6, removes transplanting seedlings weeds around and replaces the time in time of the year when autumn changes into winter soil freezing-thawing, irrigates and freezes water once, when spring, clover started to turn green every year, irrigates and turns green water once;
Step 7, transplants then not harvesting, is beneficial to safe overwintering, and Second Year can be gathered in the crops autumn.
Further, in step 1, alfalfa variety is selected No. 4, Algonquin, sweet agriculture.
Further, in step 1, after seed is exposed to the sun, medicament seed soaking or available 0.1% the limewash seed soaking or with 50% tmtd pulvis seed dressing, the consumption of dressing seed is 0.3% of dressing seed.
Further, in step 5, the clover seedlings after the upper or Second Year of nursery stage 3 months is turned green all can be transplanted, and thickness of earth covering 2cm~5cm,Mei cave is transplanted several 3~5, every mu of 2000 left and right, caves.
The method of transplanting type clover provided by the invention plantation, makes clover root system then to absorb moisture by deep enough deep subsoil by transplanting seedlings clover, the root tissue water status that preferably resolves clover winter-spring season drain with clover plantation in there is the difficult problem of turning green.The present invention, by choosing elite seed, screens, July early and middle ten days transplant, saved manual priming's number of times, improved the survival rate of transplanting seedlings, clover is carried out to scientific management.In addition, the inventive method is simple, easy to operate, and a kind of method of transplanting type clover plantation is provided, and the output of clover is provided.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of the method for the transplanting type clover plantation that provides of the embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Fig. 1 shows the method flow of transplanting type clover plantation provided by the invention.For convenience of explanation, only show part related to the present invention.
The method of the transplanting type clover plantation of the embodiment of the present invention, the method for this transplanting type clover plantation comprises the following steps:
The alfalfa variety of step 1 , Tibet plantation, selects disease resistance strong, and dormancy alfalfa variety early, cleans seed with the method for selection by winnowing and screening, and seed is spread out to put and is exposed to the sun in the sun 3~4 days;
Step 2, choose leeward on the sunny side, physical features is high and dry, draining is good, apart from compare Jin plot, water source as seedbed;
Step 3, it is that 3 Yue Chu, Lhasa area are early and middle ten days feeding block seedlings raising in April that the sowing time is selected in 3-4Yue, Nyingchi Prefecture, seeding quantity 20g/m 2, earthing 2cm~4cm;
Step 4, according to the timely moisturizing of nursery soil water regime and covering;
Step 5, mid or late June transplants during rainy season set, adopts plane hole hole irrigation for seeding or draws ditch formula transplanting method, or after rain, transplanting before rain;
Step 6, removes transplanting seedlings weeds around and replaces the time in time of the year when autumn changes into winter soil freezing-thawing, irrigates and freezes water once, when spring, clover started to turn green every year, irrigates and turns green water once;
Step 7, transplants then not harvesting, is beneficial to safe overwintering, and Second Year can be gathered in the crops autumn.
As a prioritization scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, in step 1, alfalfa variety is selected No. 4, Algonquin, sweet agriculture.
As a prioritization scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, in step 1, after seed is exposed to the sun, medicament seed soaking or available 0.1% the limewash seed soaking or with 50% tmtd pulvis seed dressing, the consumption of dressing seed is 0.3% of dressing seed.
As a prioritization scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, in step 5, the clover seedlings after Second Year is turned green all can be transplanted, and thickness of earth covering 2cm~5cm,Mei cave is transplanted several 3~5, every mu of 2000 left and right, caves.
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, application principle of the present invention is further described.
As shown in Figure 1, the method for the transplanting type clover of embodiment of the present invention plantation comprises the following steps:
S101: select disease resistance strong, dormancy alfalfa variety early, cleans seed with the method for selection by winnowing and screening, and seed is spread out to put and is exposed to the sun in the sun 3~4 days;
S102: choose leeward on the sunny side, physical features is high and dry, draining is good, apart from compare Jin plot, water source as seedbed;
S103: the sowing time is selected in for three~April, feeding block seedlings raising, seeding quantity is with 20g/m 2earthing 2cm~4cm;
S104: according to the timely moisturizing of nursery soil water regime and covering;
S105:6 transplants the middle ten days and the last ten days month, adopts plane hole hole irrigation for seeding or draws ditch formula transplanting method, or after rain, transplanting before rain;
S106: remove transplanting seedlings weeds around and replace the time in time of the year when autumn changes into winter soil freezing-thawing, irrigate and freeze water once, when spring, clover started to turn green every year, irrigate and turn green water once;
S107: transplant then not harvesting, be beneficial to safe overwintering, Second Year can be gathered in the crops autumn.
Concrete steps of the present invention are:
The first step, clover is grown seedlings
1, alfalfa variety selects the alfalfa variety of , Tibet plantation to require disease resistance strong, and early, Algonquin, No. 4 production effects of sweet agriculture are better in dormancy;
2, seed selection, broadcasts front need and cleans seed, and the method for cleaning be take selection by winnowing and screening as main, removes the degrees of purity such as ghost, blighted grain, stem stalk, impurity and reaches more than 90%, just can reach that after planting seedling is neat, seedling strong, avoids seedlings to take advantage of seedling, the seedling biography seedlings of catching an illness;
3, seed treatment:
Bask seeds: seed is spread out to put and be exposed to the sun in the sun 3~4 days, the Shi Yaoqin that basks seeds turns over, in order to avoid the inequality or burn of being heated is also wanted moistureproof antifreeze;
The clover that medicament seed soaking or seed dressing are introduced interiorly can infect multiple diseases and be subject to the harm of multiple insect pest.Available 0.1% limewash is soaked seed or is dressed seed with 50% tmtd pulvis, and seed dressing consumption is 0.3%;
Second step, the preparation of nursery and the preparation of bed soil
The selection of nursery: clover is mesoxerophytes, likes moistening husky earth or light sticky loamy texture soil, therefore generally to choose leeward on the sunny side, physical features is high and dry, draining is good, apart from compare Jin plot, water source as seedbed;
Make bed: a link that is outbalance in the work of growing seedlings wholely wholely, for seedling growth is created good soil condition and ecotope, just can cultivate healthy and strong rice shoot, if ground, seedbed is uneven, water, unevenness of application affects seedling growth regularity, adhere to the whole ground of drought, the artificial or thin non-irrigated levelling of mechanical rake.The first two San Tianyongjiang seedbed of sowing irrigates, and its soil moisture water can be joined with nutritive cube, allows bed soil moisture reach abundant saturation state, and guarantee rice shoot is difficult for dehydration at growing period like this;
The 3rd step, sowing
Sowing time: clover is cold-resistant, and suitable day and night temperature can promote the sprouting of alfalfa seed, and promotes strong sprout, considers the vegetative period that extends as far as possible clover, and the suitable sowing time is that 4 Yue Chu, Lhasa area are mid-April in Nyingchi Prefecture;
Seeding quantity, its seeding quantity of feeding block seedlings raising is with 20g/m 2be advisable.
Earthing, the thickness of earth covering in alfalfa seed when sowing, need to consider the different regions impact of factor on seed thickness of earth covering of eroding spring, earthing 2cm is advisable;
Weeding, the clover utmost point not resistance to weeds, the especially grassy weed of First Year, so after second true leaf expansion of seedling of alfalfa, just need manually weed a garden in time;
The 4th step, seedbed management
Be seeded into the management of emerging: Tibet is rather windy spring, the Qian, seedbed of after planting emerging is easy to dehydration, check at any time whether the covering on seedbed is scraped off and scrape by wind, timely moisturizing and covering;
Seeding stage management: when clover sees green, while there is first leaf, if will throw off in time with plastic mulching, prevent the mulch film excess Temperature seedling of burning, after throwing off covering, evaporation increases, rice shoot transpiration strengthens, and the as easy as rolling off a log dehydration in seedbed, should be according to the timely moisturizing of nursery soil water regime;
Final-period management: most important management is exactly the management of moisture and temperature, want running check seedbed moisture and growth of seedling situation, water and will irrigate, can not water diligent, make seedbed moisture excessive, unfavorable to root system development, raise seedling in greenhouse is also noted that temperature, greenhouse temperature is not generally over 25 ℃, surpass 25 ℃ and can make rice shoot excessive growth, blade hangs down loosely, seedling stem is thin and delicate, once excessive growth, be difficult to again healthy and strong later, after transplanting, turn green slow, viablity declines, therefore, the raise seedling in greenhouse hardening of will ventilating in time, large ventilation all the time or booth plastics are all removed after two true leaves launch, make seedling growth stalwartness sturdy, grow up to the strong seedling that can adapt to land for growing field crops environment, there is not ventilating problem in field seedling raising, keep 1~2cm soil layer place see dry see wet,
The 5th step, the transplantation technique of clover seedlings
Physical features relatively flat is selected in the selection of 1, transplanting plot, as transplanting plot;
2, whole ground: the available rotovator in place with good conditionsi is ploughed, ploughing depth is generally at 15cm~18cm, after ploughing when soil to rake in time when moist, whole thin, otherwise after the gas leakage of leaking, have a strong impact on transplanting quality;
3, transplant
Different Transplanting Periods: Tibet generally since 6 months, enter rainy season the last ten-days period, therefore, is chosen in 6 months, transplant the last ten-days period as far as possible, the one, can save manual priming's number of times, the 2nd, can greatly improve the survival rate of transplanting seedlings.
Transplant the length of time rice seedlings grow: under field conditions (factors), the clover seedlings after the above or Second Year of nursery stage 3 months is turned green all can be transplanted;
Thickness of earth covering: the general 2cm~5cm of thickness of earth covering;
Transplant a number: every cave is transplanted several 3~5;
Transplanting Density: general every mu of 2000 left and right, cave;
Transplanting method: adopt plane hole hole irrigation for seeding or draw ditch formula transplanting method, or transplanting after rain before rain; In order to enhance productivity, for earth's surface, there is no the plot of bulk stone, can adopt transplanter to transplant operation;
The 6th step, the field management technology after transplanting
Intertill and clean tillage: mainly take artificial weeding.Being transplanted to slow seedling period, must note removing transplanting seedlings weeds around, the living space of creating for the growth of rice shoot;
Water management: replace the time in time of the year when autumn changes into winter soil freezing-thawing every year, irrigate and freeze water once, when spring, clover started to turn green every year, irrigate and turn green water once;
The 7th step, results
Transplant not harvesting then, be beneficial to safe overwintering, Second Year can be gathered in the crops autumn.
Specific embodiments of the invention:
In farmland, Aug. 1st town, Fromlingzhi, tibet county, carry out clover 2 the end of month in 2012 and grow seedlings, 6 the end of month in 2012 are carried out clover transplanting on the ground at river shoal, Dazi County, Lhasa sandy soil, water the water that once freezes at the beginning of 12 months then; Water one time seedling recovering water in March, 2013, May, clover regrowth rate surpassed more than 80%, and mid-August, plant average height was 82.5cm, 448.96 grams of every square metre of average biomass.
The present invention makes clover root system then to absorb moisture by deep enough deep subsoil by transplanting seedlings clover, the root tissue water status that preferably resolves clover winter-spring season drain with clover plantation in there is the difficult problem of turning green.Method is simple, easy to operate, and a kind of method of transplanting type clover plantation is provided, and the output of clover is provided.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a method for transplanting type clover plantation, is characterized in that, the method for this transplanting type transplanting type clover plantation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, cleans seed with the method for selection by winnowing and screening, and seed is spread out to put and is exposed to the sun in the sun 3~4 days;
Step 2, choose leeward on the sunny side, physical features is high and dry, draining is good, apart from compare Jin plot, water source as seedbed;
Step 3, the sowing time elect 3 months as at the beginning of or mid-April feeding block seedlings raising, seeding quantity 20g/m 2, thickness of earth covering 2cm;
Step 4, according to the timely moisturizing of nursery soil water regime and covering;
Step 5, rainy season set initial stage mid or late June transplants, and adopts plane hole hole irrigation for seeding or draws ditch formula transplanting method, or after rain, transplanting before rain;
Step 6, removes transplanting seedlings weeds around and replaces the time in time of the year when autumn changes into winter soil freezing-thawing, irrigates and freezes water once, when spring, clover started to turn green every year, irrigates and turns green water once;
Step 7, the clover of transplanting is not harvesting then, is beneficial to safe overwintering, and Second Year can be gathered in the crops autumn.
2. the method for transplanting type clover plantation as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, in step 1, alfalfa variety is selected No. 4, Algonquin, sweet agriculture.
3. feeding block seedlings raising as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: nutritive cube is of a size of 5~8cm * 5~8cm.
4. the method for transplanting type clover as claimed in claim 1 plantation, is characterized in that, in step 1, and after seed is exposed to the sun, medicament seed soaking or available 0.1% the limewash seed soaking or with 50% tmtd pulvis seed dressing, the consumption of dressing seed is 0.3% of dressing seed.
5. the method that transplanting type clover as claimed in claim 1 is planted, it is characterized in that, in step 5, the clover seedlings of nursery stage after more than 3 months clover seedlings or Second Year are turned green all can be transplanted, during transplanting, remove nutritive cube, Ying Yu ground, soil block in former nutritive cube surface etc. are flat or lower than ground 1~2cm, thickness of earth covering 2cm~5cm, every cave is transplanted several 3~5, every mu of 2000 caves.
CN201310468916.5A 2013-10-09 2013-10-09 A kind of method of transplanting type alfalfa cultivation Expired - Fee Related CN103503684B (en)

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CN104145626A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-11-19 中国农业科学院兰州畜牧与兽药研究所 Cultivation method for improving yield of alfalfa seeds in YLN (Yarlung Zangbo River, Lhasa River and Nien-chu River) region of Tibet
CN104255248A (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-01-07 南通天马汇文化发展有限公司 Alfalfa cultivation method
CN104770172A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-07-15 中国农业科学院北京畜牧兽医研究所 Cuttage breeding method for quickly establishing alfalfa clone
CN105638204A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-06-08 甘肃省农业科学院畜草与绿色农业研究所 Method for safe wintering of non-autumn dormancy level alfalfa
CN106588204A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-04-26 庆阳敦博科技发展有限公司 Meta-acidic soil medicago sativa high-yield fertilization method
CN107548916A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-09 祥云县润禾农业有限公司 A kind of cowboying implantation methods of clover
CN108782095A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-13 中国农业科学院北京畜牧兽医研究所 A kind of light moderate saline-alkali soil clover method for transplanting
CN108935096A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-12-07 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 The method of alfalfa is planted under the conditions of a kind of Typical Steppe rain is feeding
CN110447476A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-11-15 中国农业科学院草原研究所 A kind of the Northwest heavy salinized ground alfalfa seed implantation methods
CN112088726A (en) * 2020-10-19 2020-12-18 新疆春暖花开种业科技有限公司 Method for improving yield and quality of alfalfa seeds

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145626A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-11-19 中国农业科学院兰州畜牧与兽药研究所 Cultivation method for improving yield of alfalfa seeds in YLN (Yarlung Zangbo River, Lhasa River and Nien-chu River) region of Tibet
CN104255248A (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-01-07 南通天马汇文化发展有限公司 Alfalfa cultivation method
CN104770172A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-07-15 中国农业科学院北京畜牧兽医研究所 Cuttage breeding method for quickly establishing alfalfa clone
CN105638204A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-06-08 甘肃省农业科学院畜草与绿色农业研究所 Method for safe wintering of non-autumn dormancy level alfalfa
CN106588204A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-04-26 庆阳敦博科技发展有限公司 Meta-acidic soil medicago sativa high-yield fertilization method
CN108935096A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-12-07 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 The method of alfalfa is planted under the conditions of a kind of Typical Steppe rain is feeding
CN107548916A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-09 祥云县润禾农业有限公司 A kind of cowboying implantation methods of clover
CN108782095A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-13 中国农业科学院北京畜牧兽医研究所 A kind of light moderate saline-alkali soil clover method for transplanting
CN108782095B (en) * 2018-06-29 2021-03-26 北京林业大学 Alfalfa transplanting method for light and medium saline-alkali soil
CN110447476A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-11-15 中国农业科学院草原研究所 A kind of the Northwest heavy salinized ground alfalfa seed implantation methods
CN112088726A (en) * 2020-10-19 2020-12-18 新疆春暖花开种业科技有限公司 Method for improving yield and quality of alfalfa seeds

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