CN210328531U - Water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated irrigation system - Google Patents

Water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210328531U
CN210328531U CN201921020245.5U CN201921020245U CN210328531U CN 210328531 U CN210328531 U CN 210328531U CN 201921020245 U CN201921020245 U CN 201921020245U CN 210328531 U CN210328531 U CN 210328531U
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China
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water
fertilizer
pipeline
way valve
pesticide
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CN201921020245.5U
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Inventor
刘勇
史晓斌
张德咏
张战泓
王鹏
谭新球
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Changsha Agri Biology Technology Co ltd
HUNAN PLANT PROTECTION INSTITUTE
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Changsha Agri Biology Technology Co ltd
HUNAN PLANT PROTECTION INSTITUTE
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The utility model discloses a liquid manure medicine integration irrigation system includes the cistern, fertile liquid case, the liquid medicine case, filter equipment, the three way check valve, drip irrigation device and sprinkling irrigation equipment, be connected with first pipeline between cistern and the filter equipment, first pipeline is equipped with the water pump along the rivers direction in proper order, first connector and second connector, be connected with the second pipeline between first connector and the second connector, be equipped with the venturi blender on the second pipeline, fertile liquid case and liquid medicine case all are connected with the venturi blender, the entry and the filter equipment of three way check valve are connected, an export and the drip irrigation equipment of three way check valve are connected, another export is connected with sprinkling irrigation equipment. The irrigation system has high fertilizer application and pesticide application efficiency and low water resource waste rate, is favorable for preventing the fertilizer from leaching to underground water to pollute water and is favorable for realizing standardized cultivation.

Description

Water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated irrigation system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an agricultural production technical field especially relates to a liquid manure medicine integration irrigation system.
Background
As a big agricultural country, China always uses agriculture as the main part, but agriculture is not free from water and pesticide fertilizers, the traditional fertilizer application and pesticide application is generally carried out by spraying through a manual watering pot or a pesticide spraying barrel, the labor intensity is high, labor and time are wasted, the spraying is uneven, excessive pesticide application, fertilizer application and irrigation are easily caused, the application amount is difficult to accurately control, the growth vigor of crops is uneven, and the yield is influenced.
Later, water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated fertilization and pesticide application equipment appeared. However, when the existing fertilizer applying and pesticide applying equipment is used for topdressing or pesticide applying, manual field operation is needed, the fertilizer applying and pesticide applying efficiency is low, the water resource waste rate is high, an operator is easily damaged by the fertilizer, the fertilizer is not easy to be leached into underground water to pollute water, and the standardized cultivation is not easy to realize.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is to overcome the not enough of prior art, provide a fertilization application of medicine efficient, water resource unrestrained rate is low, do benefit to and prevent that fertilizer eluviation from to groundwater and pollute the water and do benefit to the liquid manure medicine integration irrigation system who realizes standardized cultivation.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a liquid manure medicine integration irrigation system, includes cistern, fertile liquid case, liquid medicine case, filter equipment, three way valve, drips irrigation device and sprinkling irrigation equipment, be connected with first pipeline between cistern and the filter equipment, first pipeline is equipped with water pump, first connector and second connector along the rivers direction in proper order, be connected with the second pipeline between first connector and the second connector, be equipped with the venturi blender on the second pipeline, fertile liquid case and liquid medicine case all are connected with the venturi blender, three way valve's entry and filter equipment are connected, an export of three way valve with drip irrigation the device and be connected, another export is connected with sprinkling irrigation equipment.
As a further improvement of the above technical solution:
the inlet of the three-way valve is connected with the filtering device through a third pipeline, and a first valve is arranged on the third pipeline.
And one outlet of the three-way valve is connected with the drip irrigation device through a fourth pipeline, and a second valve is arranged on the fourth pipeline.
And the other outlet of the three-way valve is connected with the sprinkling irrigation device through a fifth pipeline, and a third valve is arranged on the fifth pipeline.
And a fourth valve is arranged between the second connecting port and the filtering device of the first pipeline.
Be equipped with the fifth valve between fertile liquid case and the venturi mixer, all be equipped with the sixth valve between liquid medicine case and the venturi mixer.
The filtering device comprises at least two filters connected in series, the first pipeline is connected with the head-end filter, and the inlet of the three-way valve is connected with the tail-end filter.
The three-way valve is a manual three-way valve, an electric three-way valve or an intelligent three-way valve.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages of:
the utility model discloses a liquid manure medicine integration irrigation system includes the cistern, fertile liquid case, the liquid medicine case, filter equipment, the three way valve, drip irrigation device and sprinkling irrigation equipment, be connected with first pipeline between cistern and the filter equipment, first pipeline is equipped with the water pump along the rivers direction in proper order, first connector and second connector, be connected with the second pipeline between first connector and the second connector, be equipped with the venturi blender on the second pipeline, fertile liquid case and liquid medicine case all are connected with the venturi blender, the entry and the filter equipment of three way valve are connected, an export and the device of driping irrigation of three way valve are connected, another export is connected with sprinkling irrigation equipment. Fertilizing, pesticide applying and irrigating: firstly, a water pump continuously pumps water in a reservoir into a first pipeline, fertilizer liquid in a fertilizer liquid box and liquid medicine in a liquid medicine box enter a Venturi mixer, the fertilizer liquid and the liquid medicine are uniformly mixed by the Venturi mixer and then enter the first pipeline through a second pipeline to be further dissolved with irrigation water to form water-fertilizer-medicine dissolved liquid, then the water-fertilizer-medicine dissolved liquid enters a filtering device to be filtered, the filtered water-fertilizer-medicine dissolved liquid flows to a three-way valve, finally, the three-way valve is communicated with a drip irrigation device by operating the three-way valve, and the three-way valve is disconnected with the drip irrigation device to realize drip irrigation of crops (such as paddy field crops like rice) by the drip irrigation device, or the three-way valve is communicated with the drip irrigation device and disconnected with the drip irrigation device to realize the spray irrigation of the crops (such as dry field crops like cabbage, spinach and the like) by the drip irrigation device, or the three-way valve is disconnected with the drip irrigation, The sprinkling irrigation devices are communicated, and meanwhile, the drop irrigation of paddy field crops and the sprinkling irrigation of dry field crops are realized. The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system is high in fertilizer application and pesticide application efficiency and low in water resource waste rate, is beneficial to preventing fertilizer from leaching to underground water to pollute water and is beneficial to realizing standardized cultivation.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first embodiment of the water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a second embodiment of the water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system of the present invention.
The reference numerals in the figures denote:
1. a reservoir; 2. a fertilizer liquid box; 21. a fifth valve; 3. a liquid medicine box; 31. a sixth valve; 4. a filtration device; 41. a filter; 5. a three-way valve; 51. a third pipeline; 52. a first valve; 53. a fourth conduit; 54. a second valve; 55. a fifth pipeline; 56. a third valve; 6. a drip irrigation device; 7. a sprinkling irrigation device; 8. a first conduit; 81. a water pump; 82. a first connection port; 83. a second connection port; 84. a second conduit; 85. a venturi mixer; 86. a fourth valve; 9. and a controller.
Detailed Description
The invention will be described in further detail with reference to the drawings and specific examples.
The first embodiment is as follows:
fig. 1 shows a liquid manure medicine integration irrigation system of this embodiment one, including cistern 1, fertile liquid case 2, liquid medicine case 3, filter equipment 4, three way connection valve 5, drip irrigation device 6 and sprinkling irrigation equipment 7, be connected with first pipeline 8 between cistern 1 and the filter equipment 4, first pipeline 8 is equipped with water pump 81 along the rivers direction in proper order, first connector 82 and second connector 83, be connected with second pipeline 84 between first connector 82 and the second connector 83, be equipped with venturi mixer 85 on the second pipeline 84, fertile liquid case 2 and liquid medicine case 3 all are connected with venturi mixer 85, three way connection valve 5's entry and filter equipment 4 are connected, an export of three way connection valve 5 is connected with drip irrigation equipment 6, another export is connected with sprinkling irrigation equipment 7. In this structure, the splendid attire has liquid manure solution in the fertilizer liquid case 2, and the splendid attire has the liquid medicine in the liquid medicine case 3, and fertilization, application of pesticide and irrigation go on simultaneously, and fertilization, application of pesticide and irrigation process: firstly, the water pump 81 continuously pumps the water in the reservoir 1 into the first pipeline 8, the fertilizer liquid in the fertilizer liquid tank 2 and the liquid medicine in the liquid medicine tank 3 enter the venturi mixer 85, the mixture is uniformly mixed by the venturi mixer 85 and then enters the first pipeline 8 through the second pipeline 84 to be further mixed with irrigation water to form water-fertilizer-medicine mixed liquid, then the water-fertilizer-medicine mixed liquid enters the filter device 4 to be filtered, the filtered water-fertilizer-medicine mixed liquid flows to the three-way valve 5, finally, the three-way valve 5 is communicated with the drip irrigation device 6 by operating the three-way valve 5, the three-way valve 5 is disconnected with the sprinkler irrigation device 7, the drip irrigation of the crops (such as paddy field crops like rice) by the drip irrigation device 6 is realized, or the three-way valve 5 is communicated with the sprinkler irrigation device 7, and the three-way valve 5 is disconnected with the drip irrigation device 6, the sprinkler irrigation of the crops (such as dry field crops like cabbage and spinach) by the sprinkler irrigation device 7 is realized, or the three-way valve 5 is communicated with the drip irrigation device 6 and the sprinkling irrigation device 7, and simultaneously, the drip irrigation on the crops in the paddy field and the sprinkling irrigation on the crops in the dry field are realized. The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system is high in fertilizer application and pesticide application efficiency and low in water resource waste rate, is beneficial to preventing fertilizer from leaching to underground water to pollute water and is beneficial to realizing standardized cultivation. The three-way valve 5, the drip irrigation device 6 and the sprinkling irrigation device 7 are all parts or equipment which are already available on the market, so the details are not described.
In this embodiment, the inlet of the three-way valve 5 is connected to the filtering device 4 through a third pipeline 51, and the third pipeline 51 is provided with a first valve 52. Specifically, the first valve 52 is a manual valve, which facilitates the replacement of the three-way valve 5.
In this embodiment, an outlet of the three-way valve 5 is connected to the drip irrigation device 6 through a fourth pipe 53, and a second valve 54 is disposed on the fourth pipe 53. Specifically, the second valve 54 is a manual valve, and particularly, when the three-way valve 5 cannot be turned off or on the three-way valve 5 and the drip irrigation device 6, the three-way valve 5 and the drip irrigation device 6 can be turned on or off by manually adjusting the second valve 54, so as to be ready for use.
In this embodiment, the other outlet of the three-way valve 5 is connected to the sprinkler irrigation device 7 through a fifth pipeline 55, and a third valve 56 is disposed on the fifth pipeline 55. Specifically, the third valve 56 is a manual valve, and particularly, when the three-way valve 5 cannot be turned off or on the three-way valve 5 and the sprinkling irrigation device 7, the three-way valve 5 and the sprinkling irrigation device 7 can be turned on or off by manually adjusting the third valve 56, so as to be standby.
In this embodiment, the fourth valve 86 is disposed between the second connection port 83 and the filtering device 4 of the first pipe 8. In particular, the fourth valve 86 is a manual valve, facilitating replacement and maintenance of the filter device 4.
In this embodiment, a fifth valve 21 is disposed between the fertilizer liquid tank 2 and the venturi mixer 85, and a sixth valve 31 is disposed between the pesticide liquid tank 3 and the venturi mixer 85. Specifically, the fifth valve 21 and the sixth valve 31 are both manual valves.
In this embodiment, the filter device 4 comprises at least two filters 41 connected in series, the first pipe 8 being connected to the head-end filter 41, and the inlet of the three-way valve 5 being connected to the tail-end filter 41. Specifically, the inlet of the three-way valve 5 is connected with the tail end filter 41 through the third pipeline 51, and the filters 41 connected in series can improve the filtering effect.
In this embodiment, the three-way valve 5 is a manual three-way valve, and is low in cost.
Example two:
fig. 2 shows a water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system of the second embodiment, the structure of the second embodiment is basically the same as that of the first embodiment, and the difference is that the structure of the three-way valve 5 is different, in the second embodiment, the three-way valve 5 is a conventional electric three-way valve or an intelligent three-way valve, preferably an intelligent three-way valve, which can further save manpower, and meanwhile, the three-way valve 5 can be electrically connected or in signal connection with a controller 9 (the controller 9 selects an existing part in the market), and the controller 9 is used for controlling the flow direction of the three-way valve 5, that is, for controlling the communication between the three-way valve 5 and different pipelines.
The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system adopts a water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated technology, namely, fertilizer and pesticide are applied through automatic drip irrigation/spray irrigation, and crops absorb fertilizer nutrients and complete pesticide application while absorbing water. The process of fertilization and pesticide application is usually carried out simultaneously with irrigation, and is realized by injecting water-soluble fertilizer and pesticide solution into an irrigation water conveying pipeline under the action of water pressure or pump pressure, so that the fertilization time is prolonged, the fertilizer can be fully coupled with water, the utilization efficiency of the fertilizer is best, and the fertilizer is saved at best. Meanwhile, the utilization rate of the fertilizer and the pesticide is obviously improved, manual field operation is not needed, the fertilizer applying and pesticide applying efficiency is improved, and meanwhile, the contact injury of the pesticide to a human body is reduced. Compared with the conventional fertilization and pesticide application, the fertilizer and pesticide consumption can be saved by more than 30-50%; a great deal of fertilization labor is saved, and the time and the quantity of fertilization and pesticide application can be flexibly, conveniently and accurately controlled; is beneficial to preventing the fertilizer from leaching into the underground water to pollute the water body; is beneficial to realizing standardized cultivation. In addition, due to the coordination of water and fertilizer, the water consumption can be obviously reduced, and the water saving effect of facility irrigation is added, so that the water is saved by more than 50%. Wherein, the drip irrigation fertilization can reduce the spread of diseases, particularly the diseases spread along with water; the drip irrigation fertilization only moistens the root layer, no water and fertilizer are supplied among the rows, and the growth of weeds is also obviously reduced; meanwhile, pesticide can be added in the drip irrigation in a targeted manner, and the drip irrigation has a good prevention and treatment effect on soil pests, nematodes and root diseases. The drip irrigation is carried out by the water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system, pesticides aiming at diseases on the ground parts of crops can be added, synchronous pesticide application and irrigation of large-area crops are realized, and the pesticide application efficiency and effect are increased; a small amount of multiple fertilization and pesticide application can be easily realized; the fertilizer and the pesticide can be applied according to the fertilizer and pesticide requirements of crops; can reduce the waste of fertilizer and pesticide caused by volatilization and leaching, thereby greatly improving the utilization rate of the fertilizer and pesticide.
The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system is used without planting soil, ditching and earthing are not needed, the speed is high, and the irrigation and fertilization tasks can be completed within one or two days by thousands of mu areas. The operation control of the whole system only needs one labor force to easily complete the irrigation and fertilization tasks. The effect of saving labor is very obvious in areas with concentrated crop planting and hillside orchards.
In a word, the water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated irrigation system has the following social and economic benefits:
(1) reasonably and efficiently utilizing water resources;
accurate irrigation is realized through combination of refined monitoring based on agricultural internet of things and the water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system, the total agricultural water consumption is reduced, the water use efficiency is improved, and a scientific irrigation mode can be carried out on crops according to the water requirement rule of the crops. On one hand, the water loss such as evaporation, leakage, surface runoff and the like caused by the traditional flood irrigation is reduced. On the other hand, ecological and geological damages caused by excessive exploitation of underground water are solved, and the effect of balancing regional water is achieved.
(2) The ecological environment is protected;
can effectively avoid the damage to the ecological environment caused by the actions of overdose, fertilization, irrigation and the like. Through accurate irrigation, can avoid the water eutrophication that the nutrient solution that is caused by the surface runoff loses the formation, improve the aquatic attitude function, can effectively avoid or reduce the problem that ecological environment destroys.
(3) The labor cost and the energy resource are saved;
the per-capita labor force can manage cultivated land with more areas, thereby saving a large amount of labor cost and improving the output value of the farmland with unit area. The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system can be powered on the basis of solar energy, so that the fuel oil and water and electricity costs of traditional irrigation are saved, and the water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system has very positive social benefits.
(4) Improve the quality of crops and increase the yield;
the system can be combined with real-time monitoring of actual parameters such as field weather and soil moisture content, can improve the growth efficiency of crops more efficiently, meets the requirements of various crops on water in different growth periods in a proper and timely manner, and improves the overall yield and quality.
Although the present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiments, it is not intended to limit the present invention. The technical solution of the present invention can be used by anyone skilled in the art to make many possible variations and modifications, or to modify equivalent embodiments, without departing from the scope of the technical solution of the present invention, using the technical content disclosed above. Therefore, any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made to the above embodiments by the technical entity of the present invention should fall within the protection scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a liquid manure medicine integration irrigation system which characterized in that: comprises a reservoir (1), a fertilizer liquid tank (2), a pesticide liquid tank (3), a filtering device (4), a three-way valve (5), a drip irrigation device (6) and a sprinkling irrigation device (7), wherein a first pipeline (8) is connected between the reservoir (1) and the filtering device (4), the first pipeline (8) is sequentially provided with a water pump (81), a first connecting port (82) and a second connecting port (83) along the water flow direction, a second pipeline (84) is connected between the first connecting port (82) and the second connecting port (83), a Venturi mixer (85) is arranged on the second pipeline (84), the fertilizer liquid tank (2) and the pesticide liquid tank (3) are both connected with the Venturi mixer (85), the inlet of the three-way valve (5) is connected with the filtering device (4), one outlet of the three-way valve (5) is connected with the drip irrigation device (6), the other outlet is connected with a sprinkling irrigation device (7).
2. The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inlet of the three-way valve (5) is connected with the filtering device (4) through a third pipeline (51), and a first valve (52) is arranged on the third pipeline (51).
3. The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system as claimed in claim 2, wherein: one outlet of the three-way valve (5) is connected with the drip irrigation device (6) through a fourth pipeline (53), and a second valve (54) is arranged on the fourth pipeline (53).
4. The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system as claimed in claim 3, wherein: and the other outlet of the three-way valve (5) is connected with the sprinkling irrigation device (7) through a fifth pipeline (55), and a third valve (56) is arranged on the fifth pipeline (55).
5. The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system according to claim 4, characterized in that: and a fourth valve (86) is arranged between the second connecting port (83) and the filtering device (4) of the first pipeline (8).
6. The water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated irrigation system as recited in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein: be equipped with fifth valve (21) between fertile liquid case (2) and venturi mixer (85), all be equipped with sixth valve (31) between liquid medicine case (3) and venturi mixer (85).
7. The water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated irrigation system as recited in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein: the filtering device (4) comprises at least two filters (41) connected in series, the first pipeline (8) is connected with the head-end filter (41), and the inlet of the three-way valve (5) is connected with the tail-end filter (41).
8. The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the filtering device (4) comprises at least two filters (41) connected in series, the first pipeline (8) is connected with the head-end filter (41), and the inlet of the three-way valve (5) is connected with the tail-end filter (41).
9. The water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated irrigation system as recited in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein: the three-way valve (5) is a manual three-way valve, an electric three-way valve or an intelligent three-way valve.
10. The water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated irrigation system as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the three-way valve (5) is a manual three-way valve, an electric three-way valve or an intelligent three-way valve.
CN201921020245.5U 2019-07-02 2019-07-02 Water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated irrigation system Active CN210328531U (en)

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CN201921020245.5U CN210328531U (en) 2019-07-02 2019-07-02 Water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated irrigation system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113142021A (en) * 2021-03-03 2021-07-23 雪川农业发展股份有限公司 Sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation dual-purpose water and fertilizer integrated device for large-scale base

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113142021A (en) * 2021-03-03 2021-07-23 雪川农业发展股份有限公司 Sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation dual-purpose water and fertilizer integrated device for large-scale base

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