CN206227188U - A kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system - Google Patents

A kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206227188U
CN206227188U CN201621240045.7U CN201621240045U CN206227188U CN 206227188 U CN206227188 U CN 206227188U CN 201621240045 U CN201621240045 U CN 201621240045U CN 206227188 U CN206227188 U CN 206227188U
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China
Prior art keywords
irrigation
pipe
house steward
fertilizer
suction pump
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CN201621240045.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵天义
邓存英
宋静静
吴玉东
凌启昌
班盛
潘喜芳
石崇华
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Qinzhou Agricultural Technology Extension Center
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Qinzhou Agricultural Technology Extension Center
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system, including cistern, frequency-changing control system and suction pump, frequency-changing control system is connected with suction pump, also include centrifugal type filter, irrigate house steward, field supervisor and fertilizer pond, the delivery port of cistern is connected with the import of suction pump, the outlet of suction pump is connected with the water inlet of centrifugal type filter, and the delivery port of centrifugal type filter is divided into two branch roads:A wherein branch road is connected with the entrance for irrigating house steward, and another branch road is connected by fertilizer pond water inlet pipe with the water inlet in fertilizer pond;The outlet in fertilizer pond is connected with the import of suction pump and a fertile hydraulic control valve is installed in solution pipe, and the outlet for irrigating house steward is connected with field supervisor;The irrigation branch pipe of more than 2 is connected with the supervisor of field, each branch pipe of irrigating is connected with the irrigation pipe in planting greenhouse.The utility model have simple structure, it is easy to maintenance the characteristics of, and can be directed to crops growing state effectively select irrigation method.

Description

A kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of agricultural irrigation device, and in particular to a kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system.
Background technology
As global environment is increasingly subject to destruction and the continuous growth of population, water resource lacks increasingly serious.And China Used as a large agricultural country, agricultural irrigation uses water field as maximum, shows especially prominent.Conventional farmland irrigation method is general That manpower chooses to field water or liquid manure, then hand water feeding, to fertilizer, this kind of irrigation method not only works heavy, inefficiency, also The soil salinization is easily caused, small-scale family planting is only applicable to.Therefore, scale, intensive, ecology are greatly developed High benefit water saving facility agricultural be agricultural development must You Zhi roads.
With agricultural planting technique develop and plantation research the need for, occur in that at present many scales, collection plantation with The greenhouse gardening bases such as vegetables, orchard, the flowers that cultivation is integrated.These greenhouse gardening bases are generally equipped with modernization and irrigate dress Put.Although in the market intellectuality irrigation system is multifarious, the irrigation system of majority is usually to water, spray, irrigate work( Based on energy, such as Authorization Notice No. is arranged for the Chinese utility model patent of CN205567319U discloses a kind of crops high-efficiency water-saving Fill irrigation system, including irrigation pipe, main line, water tower, controller, three-way valve, suction pump, booster pump and suction hose;Take out The water inlet of water pump is connected by suction hose with water source, and the delivery port of suction pump is connected with one of three-way valve by pipeline Port is connected, and another port of three-way valve is connected by pipeline with the delivery port of booster pump, and the water inlet for increasing pump passes through Pipeline is connected with the water outlet of water tower;3rd port of three-way valve is connected with irrigation pipe, and branched pipe is connected with irrigation pipe; Booster pump and suction pump and controller, controller control booster pump and suction pump start-stop.The irrigation system both can be to farming Thing is watered, it is also possible to which crops are imposed with water soluble fertilizer, but it waters and synchronously can not be carried out, and it can not be according to agriculture with fertilising The production of crop needs selection irrigation method (i.e. sprinkling irrigation or drip irrigation), and irrigation specific aim is poor, the feelings of waste water resource easily occur Condition;In addition, existing intelligent irrigation irrigation control mode one-time investment is larger, operating personnel need professional technique higher Level, later period maintenance, maintenance require higher, it is difficult to large-scale promotion.
Utility model content
For above-mentioned deficiency, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of simple structure, maintenance side Just multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system, the growing state that it can be directed to crops effectively selects irrigation method.
To solve the above problems, the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system, including cistern, frequency-changing control system and suction pump, the frequency conversion Control system is connected with suction pump electric signal, is also provided with fertilizer including centrifugal type filter, irrigation house steward, field supervisor and inside The fertilizer pond of liquid filter, the delivery port of cistern is connected by pipeline with the import of suction pump, the outlet of suction pump passes through Pipeline is connected with the water inlet of centrifugal type filter, and the delivery port of centrifugal type filter is divided into two branch roads:A wherein branch road with The entrance connection of house steward is irrigated, another branch road is connected with the water inlet in fertilizer pond by fertilizer pond water inlet pipe and entered in fertilizer pond One control valve is installed on water pipe;The outlet in fertilizer pond is connected with the import of suction pump by solution pipe and pacified in solution pipe A fertile hydraulic control valve is filled, the outlet of the irrigation house steward is connected with field supervisor and is provided with a check on house steward is irrigated Valve;Be connected with the irrigation branch pipe of more than 2 on the supervisor of field, each irrigation branch pipe after a pressure-control valve with planting greenhouse in Irrigation pipe is connected.
In such scheme, the irrigation pipe can be mounted on controlling the drip irrigation house steward of valve and sprinkling irrigation total including porch Pipe, is connected with many drip irrigation branch pipes on drip irrigation house steward, each drip irrigation branch pipe is on the plantation ground in planting greenhouse;Sprinkling irrigation house steward On be connected with many sprinkler laterals, each sprinkler lateral is installed in the top cross-bar in planting greenhouse, and on each sprinkler lateral Interval is provided with multiple shower nozzles.
Above-mentioned multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system, can also include the detection pipe for signal piping operation safety, One end of the detection pipe is connected with the delivery port of centrifugal type filter, its other end is connected with fertilizer pond water inlet pipe, and in inspection One relief valve is installed in test tube.
It is to ensure system operation safety in such scheme, an air inlet and exhaust valve can be installed on centrifugal type filter, and An exhaust outlet is offered on pipeline where the entrance point of suction pump.
In such scheme, one distance-transmission pressure gauge, the distance-transmission pressure gauge and change can be installed in the entrance point for irrigating house steward Frequency control system electric signal is connected.
In such scheme, for the water-carrying capacity that real-time detection is irrigated, one flow can be installed in the port of export for irrigating house steward Counting device.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1st, the utility model after the solution of high concentration is mixed with water, obtains the fertilizer solution of low concentration in fertilising, low dense The fertilizer solution of degree on the one hand as the dilution of fertilizer pond water and entered in fertilizer pond by fertilizer pond water inlet pipe;On the other hand As the liquid manure liquid of irrigation, after irrigation house steward, field house steward are flow to successively, then it is delivered on irrigation branch pipe, finally for not Select to carry out irrigation work to the crops in planting greenhouse using drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation mode with the growing state of crops Make, realize water, the purpose of fertilizer integration irrigation;When watering, the control closed on fertile hydraulic control valve and fertilizer pond water inlet pipe Valve, realizes the free switching for supplying water or applying fertilizer, vdiverse in function, practical, and use only a suction pump as dynamic Force mechanisms, simple structure;
2nd, the irrigation pipe being installed in planting greenhouse is divided into two kinds of drip irrigation pipe and spray irrigation pipe, when crops are irrigated, can Suitable irrigation method can be selected the upgrowth situation of crops, water resource has not only been saved, the life of crops is further promoted It is long, it is flexible and convenient to use;
The 3rd, spray irrigation pipe is installed on the top of planting greenhouse, it is to avoid traditional spray irrigation pipe is installed on ground, is easily trampled and makes Into the phenomenon damaged, and cause that stringing is more attractive in appearance.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is integral installation structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of irrigation pipe in single planting greenhouse.
In figure marked as:1st, cistern;2nd, suction pump;3rd, fertilizer pond;4th, centrifugal type filter;5th, solution pipe;6th, solution Control valve;7th, fertilizer pond water inlet pipe;8th, valve is controlled;9th, house steward is irrigated;10th, field house steward;11st, branch pipe is irrigated;12nd, Stress control Valve;13rd, planting greenhouse;14th, non-return valve;15th, distance-transmission pressure gauge;16th, flow counting device;17th, relief valve;18th, air inlet and exhaust valve; 19th, exhaust outlet;20th, drip irrigation house steward;21st, spray house steward;22nd, drip irrigation branch pipe;23rd, sprinkler lateral;24th, shower nozzle;25th, sprinkling irrigation is opened Close.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiments and the drawings the utility model is further explained explanation, but it is not used to limit this Utility model.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system, including cistern 1, frequency-changing control system and draw water Pump 2, the frequency-changing control system is connected with the electric signal of suction pump 2, also including centrifugal type filter 4, irrigates house steward 9, field master Pipe 10 and the internal fertilizer pond 3 for being provided with solution filter, the delivery port of cistern 1 pass through the import of pipeline and suction pump 2 Connection, the outlet of suction pump 2 are connected by pipeline with the water inlet of centrifugal type filter 4.The delivery port of centrifugal type filter 4 point It is two branch roads:A wherein branch road is connected with the entrance for irrigating house steward 9, and another branch road is by fertilizer pond water inlet pipe 7 and fertilizer pond 3 Water inlet connection and a control valve 8 is installed on fertilizer pond water inlet pipe 7.The outlet in fertilizer pond 3 passes through solution pipe 5 and takes out The import connection of water pump 2 simultaneously installs a fertile hydraulic control valve 6 in solution pipe 5, and the outlet for irrigating house steward 9 is responsible for field 10 are connected and are provided with a non-return valve 14 on house steward 9 is irrigated.The refluence for being disposed to prevent current of non-return valve 14. The irrigation branch pipe 11 of more than 2 is connected with field supervisor 10, each irrigation branch pipe 11 is big with plantation after a pressure-control valve 12 Irrigation pipe connection in canopy 13.
Also include the detection pipe for signal piping operation safety, one end and the centrifugal type filter 4 of the detection pipe Delivery port connection, its other end are connected with fertilizer pond water inlet pipe 7, and a relief valve 17 are provided with detection pipe.The detection Pipe is only turned on when pipeline is checked.
One air inlet and exhaust valve 18 is installed on centrifugal type filter 4, and is opened on the pipeline where the entrance point of suction pump 2 It is provided with an exhaust outlet 19.
One distance-transmission pressure gauge 15, the distance-transmission pressure gauge 15 and VFC system are installed in the entrance point for irrigating house steward 9 System electric signal connection.Further, for water/fertilizer amount that monitoring system is irrigated, one stream is installed in the port of export for irrigating house steward 9 Gauge counting apparatus 16.
As shown in Fig. 2 the irrigation pipe is mounted on controlling the drip irrigation house steward 20 and sprinkling irrigation house steward of valve 8 including porch 21, many drip irrigation branch pipes 22 are connected with drip irrigation house steward 20, each drip irrigation branch pipe 22 is on the plantation ground in planting greenhouse 13. Many sprinkler laterals 23 are connected with sprinkling irrigation house steward 21, each sprinkler lateral 23 is installed in the top cross-bar in planting greenhouse 13, And interval is provided with multiple shower nozzles 24 on each sprinkler lateral 23.For the ease of individually being controlled each sprinkler lateral 23, Correspondence is provided with sprinkling irrigation switch 25 on each sprinkler lateral 23.In the present embodiment, the quantity and drip irrigation of the drip irrigation branch pipe 22 The water dropper spacing of setting, big I need to carry out selection setting according to actual plantation on branch pipe 22.Similarly, sprinkler lateral The clipping room of shower nozzle 24 and shower nozzle 24 on 23 quantity, sprinkler lateral 23 is selected away from being needed according to actual plantation Select setting.In the present embodiment, what " many " for being referred to were exponential quantities than or equal to 3 is just referred to as many.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system, including cistern (1), frequency-changing control system and suction pump (2), it is described Frequency-changing control system is connected with suction pump (2) electric signal, it is characterised in that:Also include centrifugal type filter (4), irrigate house steward (9), field supervisor (10) and the internal fertilizer pond (3) for being provided with solution filter, the delivery port of cistern (1) pass through pipeline It is connected with the import of suction pump (2), the outlet of suction pump (2) is connected by pipeline with the water inlet of centrifugal type filter (4), from The delivery port of core type filter (4) is divided into two branch roads:A wherein branch road is connected with the entrance for irrigating house steward (9), another branch road It is connected with the water inlet of fertilizer pond (3) by fertilizer pond water inlet pipe (7) and a control is installed on fertilizer pond water inlet pipe (7) Valve (8);The outlet in fertilizer pond (3) is connected with the import of suction pump (2) by solution pipe (5) and installs one in solution pipe (5) Fertile hydraulic control valve (6), the outlet for irrigating house steward (9) is connected with field supervisor (10) and is installed on house steward (9) is irrigated There is a non-return valve (14);The irrigation branch pipe (11) of more than 2 is connected with field supervisor (10), branch pipe (11) is respectively irrigated through a pressure Force control valve (12) is connected with the irrigation pipe in planting greenhouse (13) afterwards.
2. multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The irrigation pipe include into It is mounted on controlling drip irrigation house steward (20) and sprinkling irrigation house steward (21) of valve (8) at mouthful, many drops is connected with drip irrigation house steward (20) Branch pipe (22) is filled, each drip irrigation branch pipe (22) is on the plantation ground in planting greenhouse (13);It is connected with sprinkling irrigation house steward (21) Many sprinkler laterals (23), each sprinkler lateral (23) is installed in the top cross-bar in planting greenhouse (13), and in each sprinkling irrigation branch Interval is provided with multiple shower nozzles (24) on pipe (23).
3. multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include being used for detection pipe The detection pipe of road operation safety, one end of the detection pipe be connected with the delivery port of centrifugal type filter (4), its other end and fertile Material pond water inlet pipe (7) is connected, and a relief valve (17) is provided with detection pipe.
4. multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In centrifugal type filter (4) air inlet and exhaust valve (18) is installed on, and an exhaust outlet is offered on the pipeline where the entrance point of suction pump (2) (19)。
5. multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Irrigating house steward's (9) Entrance point is provided with a distance-transmission pressure gauge (15), and the distance-transmission pressure gauge (15) is connected with frequency-changing control system electric signal.
6. multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Irrigating house steward's (9) The port of export is provided with flow meters counting apparatus (16).
CN201621240045.7U 2016-11-15 2016-11-15 A kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system Active CN206227188U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621240045.7U CN206227188U (en) 2016-11-15 2016-11-15 A kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621240045.7U CN206227188U (en) 2016-11-15 2016-11-15 A kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106342597A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-01-25 钦州市农业技术推广中心 Multifunctional water and fertilizer integration irrigation system
CN107683670A (en) * 2017-08-21 2018-02-13 广西佳年农业有限公司 A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral, which is sprayed, fills integrated system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106342597A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-01-25 钦州市农业技术推广中心 Multifunctional water and fertilizer integration irrigation system
CN107683670A (en) * 2017-08-21 2018-02-13 广西佳年农业有限公司 A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral, which is sprayed, fills integrated system

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