CN102577909A - U-shaped permeating irrigation device - Google Patents

U-shaped permeating irrigation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102577909A
CN102577909A CN2011100084338A CN201110008433A CN102577909A CN 102577909 A CN102577909 A CN 102577909A CN 2011100084338 A CN2011100084338 A CN 2011100084338A CN 201110008433 A CN201110008433 A CN 201110008433A CN 102577909 A CN102577909 A CN 102577909A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe network
water
hollow billet
liquid manure
rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011100084338A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
左彬元
Original Assignee
左彬元
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 左彬元 filed Critical 左彬元
Priority to CN2011100084338A priority Critical patent/CN102577909A/en
Publication of CN102577909A publication Critical patent/CN102577909A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a U-shaped permeating irrigation device. The U-shaped permeating irrigation device works by balancing pressure of liquid in in a supply system such as water or water-soluble chemical fertilizer liquid and human excrement and urine, filtering, sub-dividing, regulating and controlling, and finally directly permeating the processed liquid to roots of plants in seedling beds to ensure that plants can absorb water or nutrients in time quantificationally. The currently commonly-used agricultural irrigation is drop irrigation, which has a plurality of shortcomings such as liability to blockage, high cost, liability to salt accumulation in irrigating areas and the like, and is inconvenient for users. According to the invention, the water flow pressure on each branch of nozzles in the U-shaped pipe network is kept steady within a certain range, the water and fertilizers are filtered repeatedly and unlikely to be blocked, the dredging of the pipe network is simple and easy when the pipe network is blocked by the water and fertilizers, the cost is low, and the flow of water and fertilizers flowing into seedling beds can be observed and regulated at any time. Therefore, the U-shaped permeating irrigation device is widely applied to all dry farming crops such as greenhouse crops, grapes, fruit trees, flowering plants and the like.

Description

The U type passes through irritates
Technical field
The U type passes through and irritates is to filter water, water-soluble chemical fertilizer liquid or the night soil process of ability, under certain pressure, directly in time is penetrated into the plant root in the seedbed, a kind of device that plant is carried out the liquid manure supply equably through U type pipe network.
Background technology
Being used for the more advanced technology of crop irrigation at present is drip irrigation; Be prone to see but some drawbacks that drip irrigation exists are still bright; As the hollow billet water dropper being stopped up owing to influenced by the deposition of impurity and mineral matter, be difficult to after the obstruction recover, can not be applied to not diffluent fertilizer; Also be prone to cause the accumulation of salinity in the irrigated area, destroy the soil Rational structure; The amount of the dripping uniformity of drip irrigation is difficult for guaranteeing; Drip irrigation cost cost is higher, and small size is irrigated and is difficult for carrying out.Therefore, all the time can't large scale application in China.
Summary of the invention
The present invention be through holder first filter, U type pipe network balance is responsible for the pressure of going up each fulcrum, splitter directly permeates the absorption sponge on observation dredge, liquid manure gauge tap and the rod of preserving moisture on liquid manure segmentation and secondary filter, the hair dropper in the reasonable of plant root and is connected; Liquid manure through filtering; In time evenly be distributed in plant root freely, water saving, joint are fertile to reach, raising the output, improve that work is renderd a service and the quality of crop, the purpose that reduces production costs.
In order to reach above purpose; Technical scheme of the present invention is following design: liquid manure is directly crossed gauge tap or is directly poured in the holder; Get into U type pipe network after filtering; After splitter filters, get into hollow billet then, the gauge tap on hollow billet is regulated flow again, gets into the rod of preserving moisture at last and makes liquid manure be penetrated into plant roots equably.
Owing to adopted such scheme, be the irrigation method of practicing thrift liquid manure at present most, it improves land utilization rate, reduces production costs, and improves output and the quality of work effectiveness and crop, reduces the accumulation of soil surface and salt; Because U type pipe network can be embedded in underground or be placed in the ditch of seedbed, thereby farm work is not received considerable influence; Owing to adopt tight filtration measure, whole system is difficult for stopping up, even stop up, also gets rid of easily, and any water source or night soil, water-soluble chemical fertilizer can both be irrigated; Because the present invention is simple in structure, material is common, and is durable in use, thereby the cost cost is lower, and annual is shared every mu of cost about 100 yuan, and erection space is big more, and the cost sharing of annual cost is low more, is accepted by peasant household easily; Can bring up to a new step to the agricultural production of China like this.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further specified:
Fig. 1 is the schematic drawing and the cross-sectional figure of filter;
Fig. 2 is the schematic drawing and the cross-sectional figure of U type pipe network;
Fig. 3 is the schematic drawing and the cross-sectional figure of the simple and cross-sectional figure prop of branch observation dredge;
Fig. 4 is the simple and cross-sectional figure of observation dredge;
Fig. 5 is the schematic drawing and the cross-sectional figure of mao dropper;
Fig. 6 is preserve moisture excellent schematic drawing and cross-sectional figure
Fig. 7 is that U type dropper is irrigated sketch map.
1 water source switch among Fig. 1; 2 water sources are responsible for; 3 float controls; 4 holders; 5 outlet pipes; 6 push away dirty pipe; 7 filters; 8 ball floats; 9 ball levers; 10 rotary control valves; 19 water meters.
1 splitter main body among Fig. 3; 2 screen packs.3 filter sponge.
1 observation dredge main body among Fig. 4; 2 water out adapters; 3 entry dropper joints.
14 absorbent core among Fig. 6; 20 joints; 21 clavus; 22 plugs.
Embodiment
1 water source switch among Fig. 7; 2 water sources are responsible for; 3 float controls; 4 holders; 5; U type pipe network; 6 splitters; 7 four-ways; 8 balance pipes, 9 rubber tubes; 10 observation dredges; 11 hollow billet gauge taps; 12 hollow billets; 13 rods of preserving moisture; 14 absorbent core; 15 plugs; 16 threeways; 17 elbows; 18 seedbeds.19 water meters; 20 joints.
Water source gauge tap (1) is installed on the water source person in charge (2) with water meter (19) among Fig. 7; Playing control links to each other with record flow and holder (4); Having the middle inflow of the main balance holder (4) of a float control (3) to go up to be responsible for the liquid manure amount that flows out and with U type pipe network (5) in the holder (4) is connected; U type pipe network (5) end have stretch out vertically upward, highly be lower than the balance pipe (8) of about (4) 10 centimetres of holders, likeness in form U word, balance pipe (8) top has an elbow (17) not seal; Mainly be the liquid manure pressure that anti-foreign material and balance U type pipe network (5) are gone up each fulcrum; It is to be distributed to liquid manure on each splitter (6) that some four-ways (7) are arranged in U type pipe (5) stage casing, filters and the liquid manure segmentation, branch is housed on each splitter (6) is connected with hollow billet (12) respectively; Hollow billet (12) is equipped with observation dredge (10) and gauge tap (11); Mainly being used for heavy knot dirt, dredging pipeline and control hollow billet (12) does not hold flow, and hollow billet (11) is connected with the rod of preserving moisture (13), and the rod of preserving moisture (13) can store certain liquid manure and send liquid manure to the absorbent core (14) that is contained on the rod of preserving moisture (13); Play infiltration soil and transmit liquid manure, the rod of preserving moisture (13) level is contained in plant root in the seedbed (18).
After all components and parts connect by figure among Fig. 7; Open water source gauge tap (1); Liquid manure flows in the holder (4) through ball float controlling switch (3); Liquid manure filters the back and gets in the U type pipe network (5), and liquid manure gets into each splitter (6) after U type pipe network (5) pressure obtains balance, and liquid manure gets in the observation dredge (10) after segmenting and filtering once more in splitter (6) and segments once more; Liquid manure is through getting into the rod (13) of preserving moisture through getting into after the segmentation after gauge tap (11) transfers to required flow; Can store a small amount of liquid manure because of preserving moisture in the rod (13), be penetrated into the plant root in the seedbed (18) to the liquid manure of storage, thereby can play the liquid manure saving, preserve moisture, protect the effect of fertilizer through absorbent core (14).Also the rod of preserving moisture (13) can be installed, be used as drip irrigation and use; Supply stops like need liquid manure, promptly closes and closes the border out (1), and the fertilizer of water supply confession later on directly modulation gauge tap (1) gets final product.If find that splitter (6) is when having clogging; Closing gauge tap (11) on the hollow billet (12) compresses, loosens observation dredge (10) repeatedly and force liquid manure or air to quicken forward end to quicken circulation; Make splitter (6) unimpeded, otherwise stop up, promptly open gauge tap (11) like observation dredge lower end; Make it unimpeded behind crooked observation dredge (10) upper end hollow billet (12) the extruding observation dredge, recover to supply with.When U type pipe network (5) is installed; Holder (4) vertical height should exceed its about 10 centimetres than the vertical height of balance pipe (8); Holder (4) top keeps the drop about 1 meter 3 mutually with seedbed (18) surface, to guarantee U type pipe network (5) enough pressure is arranged, and crop is supplied with; During gauge tap on hollow billet (12) is installed, the hollow billet (12) that is contained in the gauge tap (11) should be resilient rubber tube, so that the harmony of flow; The U type passes through fill system and should once maintain in every month, opens U type pipe network (5) two ends plugs (15) during maintenance, and an end is injected with the clear water of certain pressure, washes to get final product in five minutes.

Claims (7)

1. float control: the water yield in the balance holder.It is characterized in that: when the holder middle water level rose or descend, ball float was along with fluctuating, and acted on the connecting rod that is connected on the ball float, and connecting rod is rotated a certain angle, and drove ducted valve then and rotated, and made the valve constant flow that can weigh.
2.U type pipe network: extend irrigated area, balance and stable and be installed in the liquid pressure on each components and parts on the U type pipe network.It is characterized in that: the balance pipe in that the top vertically upward that the installation of U type pipe network person in charge end points is communicated with the person in charge is not sealed, form the U font, can transmit unimpeded at a distance in order to liquid pressure in the U-shaped pipe network is little.
3. splitter: segmentation and filter liquid manure.It is characterized in that: be connected in the threeway or four-way on the pipe network, get lodged in dirt in the pipe network, segment liquid manure sub-thread or multiply in hollow billet.
4. observation dredge: observation liquid manure current intelligence and mediation splitter, hollow billet.It is characterized in that: process and smooth, the transparent and certain elasticity of tool with the PVC material.The observation dredge is vertically put, and liquid manure flows into from the top and forms and drips shape, and the hollow billet that is attached thereto from the bottom flows out.
5. hollow billet: be convenient to connect and mobile hollow billet on device.It is characterized in that: Guan Erxiao and the smooth effect that plays connection splitter, observation dredge, gauge tap and the rod of preserving moisture.
6. gauge tap: regulate the liquid manure flow.It is characterized in that: the hollow billet in the gauge tap is resilient rubber hose and is connected with hollow billet.
7. the rod of preserving moisture: store and transmit liquid manure.It is characterized in that: barred body be interior empty shape become many clavus to fuse by wall scroll; One is communicated with hollow billet; Len req polyphone bonnet upper plug head is pressed in the other end, and one of the absorbent core on the rod of preserving moisture is at the excellent inner bottom part of preserving moisture, the other end expose preserve moisture rod and with the seedbed in soil contact.
CN2011100084338A 2011-01-10 2011-01-10 U-shaped permeating irrigation device Pending CN102577909A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100084338A CN102577909A (en) 2011-01-10 2011-01-10 U-shaped permeating irrigation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100084338A CN102577909A (en) 2011-01-10 2011-01-10 U-shaped permeating irrigation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102577909A true CN102577909A (en) 2012-07-18

Family

ID=46467599

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011100084338A Pending CN102577909A (en) 2011-01-10 2011-01-10 U-shaped permeating irrigation device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102577909A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102792875A (en) * 2012-08-22 2012-11-28 左彬元 U-shaped drip irrigator
CN104012231A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-09-03 北京富特森农业科技有限公司 Fruit tree water-fertilizer integration and rhizosphere regulation method
RU174443U1 (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-10-13 Марина Николаевна Жарикова Greenhouse nutrition and drip irrigation system
CN111972110A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-11-24 马红伟 Be applicable to soil depth root diffusion formula fertilizer slowly-releasing ware

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102792875A (en) * 2012-08-22 2012-11-28 左彬元 U-shaped drip irrigator
CN104012231A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-09-03 北京富特森农业科技有限公司 Fruit tree water-fertilizer integration and rhizosphere regulation method
RU174443U1 (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-10-13 Марина Николаевна Жарикова Greenhouse nutrition and drip irrigation system
CN111972110A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-11-24 马红伟 Be applicable to soil depth root diffusion formula fertilizer slowly-releasing ware
CN111972110B (en) * 2020-08-04 2021-09-07 佛山市嘉沃农业科技合伙企业(有限合伙) Be applicable to soil depth root diffusion formula fertilizer slowly-releasing ware

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20120718

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)