CN206150020U - Vegetable cultivation greenhouse's irrigation system - Google Patents

Vegetable cultivation greenhouse's irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206150020U
CN206150020U CN201621211553.2U CN201621211553U CN206150020U CN 206150020 U CN206150020 U CN 206150020U CN 201621211553 U CN201621211553 U CN 201621211553U CN 206150020 U CN206150020 U CN 206150020U
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China
Prior art keywords
irrigation
valve
pipe
house steward
batch mixing
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CN201621211553.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
殷俊堂
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Shimune Toshiro Family Farm LLC
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Shimune Toshiro Family Farm LLC
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Priority to CN201621211553.2U priority Critical patent/CN206150020U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a vegetable cultivation greenhouse's irrigation system, including the canopy body, cultivating region and rich water watering device, rich water watering device is including setting up cistern and compounding pond, through batching pipe intercommunication between cistern and the compounding pond, be provided with the outlet valve on the outlet pipe of cistern bottom, be connected with several irrigation branch pipe on the first irrigation house steward of outlet pipe tip, irrigation branch pipe arranges along cultivating region's length direction, irrigation branch pipe is last to install several infiltration pipes, the infiltration pipe stretches into cultivating region's inside from cultivating region's side, and install first irrigation valve in proper order on every irrigation branch pipe, tee bend and second irrigation valve, be provided with the compounding valve on the compounding outlet pipe of compounding bottom of the pool portion, the second of compounding outlet pipe is irrigated house steward and is linked together with the tee bend through hose siphon. This practicality can not only guarantee that the manuring irrigation in every irrigation area is even, and the valve on moreover can the selective irrigation branch pipe of opening and close is realized lacking losing of crop and is irrigated, easily uses widely.

Description

A kind of irrigation system of greenhouse for planting vegetable
Technical field
This utility model belongs to agricultural irrigation technology, and in particular to a kind of irrigation system of greenhouse for planting vegetable.
Background technology
Warmhouse booth cultivation technique without soil is the method for adopting the crop culture such as nutritional solution or solid matrix Ensure Liquid liquid, It instead of natural soil, and to crop the actual environmental conditions such as good water, fertilizer, gas are provided, and be a new modernization Agricultural technology.Soilless culture has can avoid soil continuous cropping obstacle, water-saving, fertile, the laborsaving, saving of labor of province, and crop growing state is strong, yield The high, advantage of quality better;Agricultural production workshop can be greatly extended, the present situation of agricultural production is advantageously implemented.Due to vegetable The moisture and nutrient of needs is both needed to be absorbed from irrigation liquid, so manuring irrigation is more crucial in warmhouse booth soilless culture Technology.However, in existing cultivation technique without soil, manuring irrigation is substantially to be carried out using drip irrigation system, typically all from The upper surface of culture matrix carries out the supply of moisture, due to the use limitation of irrigation system, often occur pouring water excess or Person is to pour hydropenic situation, exists and pours uneven situation, so as to have impact on the yield and quality of vegetable, in addition, entering Row fertilising or during pesticide spray, due to device it is excessively rough, for having pest and disease damage or fertile hypodynamic Vegetable, It is also required to be realized by overall fertilising or laxative, it is impossible to realize the demand modeling to Vegetable, easily cause fertilizer The waste of material or pesticide.Therefore, a kind of utilization ratio rational in infrastructure, that rich water can be effectively improved is developed, reduces fertilizer, agriculture Medicine is excessively used, and the irrigation system of the greenhouse for planting vegetable that hydration reason can be supplied to into vegetable root again is desirability.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of utilization ratio rational in infrastructure, can effectively improving rich water, reduces fertilizer Material, pesticide are excessively used, again can hydration reason be supplied to vegetable root greenhouse for planting vegetable irrigation system.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that including canopy body cultivation area and rich water of the planning in canopy body is poured Filling device, rich water irrigation device includes being arranged on the external cistern of canopy and batch mixing pond, is provided between cistern and batch mixing pond Batching pipe, is provided with dispensing valve in batching pipe, water inlet pipe is provided with the top of cistern, and water intaking valve is provided with water inlet pipe, stores Pond is internally provided with the first filter, and the bottom of cistern is provided with outlet pipe, outlet valve, water outlet are provided with outlet pipe Tube end is connected with the first irrigation house steward, and on the first irrigation house steward several irrigations corresponding with cultivation area quantity are connected with Pipe, irrigates arm and arranges along the length direction of cultivation area, and first irrigates house steward and irrigate the perpendicular arrangement of arm, irrigates arm On several soakaway trench are installed, soakaway trench extend into the inside of cultivation area from the side of cultivation area, and is irrigating on arm per root The first irrigation valve, threeway and the second irrigation valve, the top in batch mixing pond are being sequentially installed with the position of the first irrigation house steward Fertilizer addition mouth and medicament addition mouth are provided with, batch mixing pond is internally provided with agitator, and the bottom in batch mixing pond is provided with batch mixing and goes out Mouth pipe, is provided with mixing valve on batch mixing outlet, the end of batch mixing outlet is connected with the second irrigation house steward, and second irrigates house steward It is connected with threeway by siphon hose, is connected by articulation and irrigation arm and threeway between siphon hose and threeway Connect.
Irrigation pipe is arranged in the root of vegetable by this utility model by rational arrangement, and to vegetable rich water filling is being carried out When irrigating, irrigation quantity can be freely allocated, and according to the different and water demand of crop of crops without quantitatively being filled Irrigate, the setting of the irrigation pipe not only can guarantee that the manuring irrigation in each irrigation district is uniform, and reduce the waste of water resource, The utilization rate of rich water is effectively raised, meanwhile, water irrigation pipe and fertilizer irrigation pipe are used separately, on the one hand can be according to not The upgrowth situation of syngenesis long-term crop, selectively opens and closes the valve on irrigation arm to realize the deficit irrigation to crop, The waste of pesticide and fertilizer is avoided, crop is more promoted to water, the absorption of fertilizer, the growth promoter of crop is promoted, separately On the one hand, the high efficiency that mixing is irrigated is improve, the waste and fertilizer, pesticide for reducing water resource is excessively used the dirt to environment Dye, reduces the cost of plantation, and the device technique is advanced, rational in infrastructure, simple to operation, it is big to be especially suitable for modern greenhouse The production application of canopy soilless culture, is that China implements the important equipment that agricultural realizes sustainable development.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of rich water irrigation device;
In figure:1- outlet pipes, 2- outlet valves, the filters of 3- first, 4- cisterns, 5- water intaking valves, 6- water inlet pipes, 7- dispensings Pipe, 8- dispensing valves, 9- fertilizer addition mouth, 10- medicaments addition mouth, 11- batch mixings pond, the filters of 12- second, 13- batch mixing outlets, 14- mixing valves, 15- canopy bodies, 16- showers, 17- first irrigates house steward, 18- soakaway trench, 19- cultivation areas, 20- humidity sensors Device, 21- irrigates arm, and 22- second irrigates house steward, and the irrigation valves of 23- first, 24- siphon hoses, 25- threeways, 26- second is irrigated Valve.
Specific embodiment
This utility model is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but never in any form to this utility model in addition Limit, any change or improvement based on this utility model training centre work belongs to protection domain of the present utility model.
As shown in Fig. 1~2, this utility model includes canopy body 15, plans that the cultivation area 19 in canopy body 15 and rich water are poured Filling device, it is characterised in that:The rich water irrigation device includes cistern 4 and the batch mixing pond 11 being arranged on outside canopy body 15,
Batching pipe 7 is provided between the cistern 4 and batch mixing pond 11, dispensing valve 8, the storage are provided with batching pipe 7 The top in pond 4 is provided with water inlet pipe 6, be provided with water intaking valve 5 on water inlet pipe 6, and cistern 4 is internally provided with the first filter 3, the bottom of cistern 4 is provided with outlet pipe 1, and outlet valve 2 is provided with outlet pipe 1, and the end of the outlet pipe 1 is connected with first House steward 17 is irrigated, on the first irrigation house steward 17 several irrigation arms 21 corresponding with the quantity of cultivation area 19 are connected with, irrigated and prop up Pipe 21 arranges that described first irrigates house steward 17 and irrigate the perpendicular arrangement of arm 21, described along the length direction of cultivation area 19 Irrigate on arm 21 and several soakaway trench 18 are installed, the soakaway trench 18 is extend in cultivation area 19 from the side of cultivation area 19 Portion, and it is being sequentially installed with the first irrigation valve 23, three at the position of the first irrigation house steward 17 irrigating per root on arm 21 Logical 25 and second irrigation valve 26,
The top in the batch mixing pond 11 is provided with fertilizer addition mouth 9 and medicament addition mouth 10, and batch mixing pond 11 is internally provided with Agitator, the bottom in batch mixing pond 11 is provided with batch mixing outlet 13, and mixing valve 14, the batch mixing are provided with batch mixing outlet 13 The end of outlet 13 is connected with the second irrigation house steward 22, and described second irrigates house steward 22 by siphon hose 24 and the phase of threeway 25 Connection, is connected and irrigation arm 21 and threeway 25 between the siphon hose 24 and threeway 25 by articulation.
In order to ensure the demand of manuring irrigation, it is preferable that the depth of the arrangement of the soakaway trench 18 is the height of cultivation area 19 1/2~1/3.
Further, the first irrigation house steward 17 and second irrigates on house steward 22 and is separately installed with pressure gauge and flow Meter, it is to irrigate the pressure that house steward 17 and second irrigates house steward 22 for the ease of detection first to arrange pressure gauge, to ensure water and fertilizer The flow velocity of material, it is for the ease of controlling flow, with the uniformity for ensureing to irrigate to arrange effusion meter.
Further, humidity sensor 20 is disposed with the cultivation area 19, is able to be easy to scientific and rational inspection The humidity of each cultivation area 19 is surveyed, if the humidity of cultivation area 19 is too high or too low, it is possible to point out staff to plant Reasonably irrigated.
Further, the top of the cultivation area 19 is provided with shower 16, and spray head is provided with shower 16, described Shower 16 is connected with batch mixing pond 11, and the irrigation rig realizes the situation from the irrigation of culture matrix inside to vegetable root, In order to meet the rich water demand of crop liquid level, then can spraying downwards realizing by shower 16.
Further, described second second filter of upper setting 12 of house steward 22 is irrigated, second filter 12 is located at Between mixing valve 14 and batch mixing pond 11, filter is set and is able to filter out the impurity in water, prevent impurity from irrigation pipe Pass through, it is to avoid irrigate blockage.
When in use, the clear water of storage irrigation in cistern 4, when only needing to irrigate clear water, closes dispensing valve 8 to the system With mixing valve 14, outlet valve 2, the first irrigation valve 23 and the second irrigation valve 26 are opened, clear water then can irrigate house steward by first 17 flow to each irrigates arm 21, the bottom of each cultivation area 19 is flow to through soakaway trench 18, for the moisture that crop provides growth; When only needing to apply fertilizer or go and buy Chinese medicine, close outlet valve 2, the first irrigation valve 23 and the second irrigation valve 26, by fertilizer or Medicine adds mouth 9 by fertilizer and medicament adds mouth 10 and is added in batch mixing pond 11, dispensing valve 8 is then turned on, by batching pipe 7 Appropriate clear water is passed through into batch mixing pond 11, dispensing valve 8 is closed, is started agitator and is stirred, make fertilizer or pesticide uniform It is soluble in water, obtain liquid fertilizer or the pesticide stillness of night of moderate concentration, then open the irrigation valve 26 of mixing valve 14 and second, this When, the liquid fertilizer or the pesticide stillness of night in batch mixing pond 11 flow to each and irrigates arm 21 by the second irrigation house steward 22, through oozing Water pipe 18 flow to the bottom of each cultivation area 19, after irrigation is finished, closes the irrigation valve 26 of mixing valve 14 and second;When need simultaneously When irrigating clear water and pesticide, outlet valve 2 is first opened, the clear water in cistern 4 flow to the first irrigation house steward 17, now according to irrigation Demand, open corresponding the first irrigation valve 23 irrigated on arm 21 in the cultivation area 19 to be irrigated and the second irrigation valve 26, the Irrigation arm 21 is flowed into once the clear water in house steward 17 is irrigated, under the cultivation area 19 of irrigation required for soakaway trench 18 flow to Portion, then opens again mixing valve 14, and the pesticide stillness of night in batch mixing pond 11 just flows into the second irrigation house steward 22, and now opening needs to fill Corresponding the first irrigation valve 23 irrigated on arm 21 in cultivation area 19 irrigate and the second irrigation valve 26, the medicine stillness of night is just by infiltration Pipe 18 is flowed in the region of cultivation area 19 for needing to irrigate pesticide, and the cultivation area 19 that remaining should not be irrigated is corresponding to irrigate arm 21 On the first irrigation valve 23 and the second irrigation valve 26 close, after the cultivation area 19 for selecting to irrigate is irrigated to be finished, close and all open The valve for opening.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of irrigation system of greenhouse for planting vegetable, including canopy body(15), plan in canopy body(15)Interior cultivation area(19)With And rich water irrigation device, it is characterised in that:The rich water irrigation device includes being arranged on canopy body(15)Outer cistern(4)With it is mixed Material pond(11);
The cistern(4)With batch mixing pond(11)Between be provided with batching pipe(7), batching pipe(7)On be provided with dispensing valve(8), The cistern(4)Top be provided with water inlet pipe(6), water inlet pipe(6)On water intaking valve is installed(5), cistern(4)Inside It is provided with the first filter(3), cistern(4)Bottom be provided with outlet pipe(1), outlet pipe(1)On be provided with outlet valve (2), the outlet pipe(1)End is connected with the first irrigation house steward(17), first irrigates house steward(17)On be connected with it is several with plant Training area(19)The corresponding irrigation arm of quantity(21), irrigate arm(21)Along cultivation area(19)Length direction arrangement, institute State the first irrigation house steward(17)With irrigation arm(21)Perpendicular arrangement, the irrigation arm(21)On several soakaway trench are installed (18), the soakaway trench(18)From cultivation area(19)Side extend into cultivation area(19)Inside, and per root irrigate arm (21)On near first irrigate house steward(17)Position at be sequentially installed with the first irrigation valve(23), threeway(25)Fill with second Irrigate valve(26);
The batch mixing pond(11)Top be provided with fertilizer addition mouth(9)Add mouth with medicament(10), batch mixing pond(11)Inside sets It is equipped with agitator, batch mixing pond(11)Bottom be provided with batch mixing outlet(13), batch mixing outlet(13)On be provided with mixing valve (14), the batch mixing outlet(13)End be connected with the second irrigation house steward(22), described second irrigates house steward(22)Pass through Siphon hose(24)With threeway(25)It is connected, the siphon hose(24)With threeway(25)Between and irrigate arm(21)With three It is logical(25)Between by articulation connect.
2. the irrigation system of a kind of greenhouse for planting vegetable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The soakaway trench(18) The depth of arrangement is cultivation area(19)The 1/2~1/3 of height.
3. the irrigation system of a kind of greenhouse for planting vegetable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described first irrigates total Pipe(17)House steward is irrigated with second(22)On be separately installed with pressure gauge and effusion meter.
4. the irrigation system of a kind of greenhouse for planting vegetable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cultivation area(19) Inside it is disposed with humidity sensor(20).
5. the irrigation system of a kind of greenhouse for planting vegetable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cultivation area(19) Top be provided with shower(16), spray head, the shower are installed on shower (16)(16)With batch mixing pond(11)Phase Connection.
6. the irrigation system of a kind of greenhouse for planting vegetable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described second irrigates total Pipe(22)The filter of upper setting second(12), second filter(12)Positioned at mixing valve(14)With batch mixing pond(11)It Between.
CN201621211553.2U 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 Vegetable cultivation greenhouse's irrigation system Active CN206150020U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621211553.2U CN206150020U (en) 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 Vegetable cultivation greenhouse's irrigation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621211553.2U CN206150020U (en) 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 Vegetable cultivation greenhouse's irrigation system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206150020U true CN206150020U (en) 2017-05-10

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621211553.2U Active CN206150020U (en) 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 Vegetable cultivation greenhouse's irrigation system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107593378A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-19 安顺市平坝区银河特色种植专业合作社 The drip irrigation persuasion system that a kind of integrated form apple is irrigated
CN108634727A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-12 廖家广 A kind of wall-mounted flower holder facilitating fertilizing, watering

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107593378A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-19 安顺市平坝区银河特色种植专业合作社 The drip irrigation persuasion system that a kind of integrated form apple is irrigated
CN108634727A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-12 廖家广 A kind of wall-mounted flower holder facilitating fertilizing, watering

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