CN105613213A - Water-infiltrating drip irrigation emitter - Google Patents

Water-infiltrating drip irrigation emitter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105613213A
CN105613213A CN201410603178.5A CN201410603178A CN105613213A CN 105613213 A CN105613213 A CN 105613213A CN 201410603178 A CN201410603178 A CN 201410603178A CN 105613213 A CN105613213 A CN 105613213A
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China
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water
transparent tube
dropper
casing
inlet pipe
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CN201410603178.5A
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CN105613213B (en
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栾清杨
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Taizhou Jinghao Plastic Industry Co., Ltd
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Shenyang Chuangda Technology Trade Market Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention relates to a water-infiltrating drip irrigation emitter. The water-infiltrating drip irrigation emitter is characterized by consisting of a tank body, a water inlet, a water return port, a water inlet pipe, a water return pipe, a transparent pipe, tank body interior, a filter layer, an emitter, an emitter seat, a water-infiltrating layer, a ball float and a ball float tank; and all the components are corrosion-resistant plastic products and are connected by adopting the existing technologies. The working principle of the water-infiltrating drip irrigation emitter is that the infiltrating irrigation emitter buried nearby water absorbing root hair of a plant uninterruptedly irrigates the plant in a water-infiltrating drip irrigation manner, and infiltrating irrigation adjustment is carried out according to the water-absorbing capacity of the plant, i.e., the volume of water supplemented is equal to that of water consumed by the plant, so that the wasting of water cannot be caused, and the irrigation method is one of the most water-saving irrigation methods at present.

Description

Infiltration drip irrigation emitter
Technical fieldThe present invention relates to water-saving irrigation technique field, relate particularly to the infiltration drip irrigation emitter device of a kind of infiltration irrigation technology.
Technical backgroundIt is following several that the water-saving irrigation technique of China is substantially all employing: channel seepage technique, pipeline water delivery technology, sprinkler irrigation technique, drip irrigation technique, surge flow irrigation, irrigation on plastic membrance, border irrigation technology, ditch irrigation technology. The water-saving agriculture that above water-saving irrigation technique is China serves very big effect. Drip irrigation technique therein is very popular to people, has sizable superiority than other water-saving irrigation technique, and it can save substantial amounts of water, has been one of the water-saving irrigation technique of more general spread both at home and abroad. But there is also some incomplete places, the core component " water dropper " of such as drip irrigation, after using time length, it is easy to affected the effect of drip irrigation by the impurity in water, suspended particle clogging; The country of and farmland hydropenia economically developed at some, for the water irrigated before drip irrigation uses, has carried out purified treatment by water, has made the water of irrigation become pure water, and no matter how long the water dropper of drip irrigation uses the time, results in blockage all without to water dropper; China there is no and irrigation water is carried out purifying water process, so can cause high cost after introducing drip irrigation technique, it is difficult to allow people receive, how reducing cost, allow drip irrigation technique continue to develop in China, this serious problem is put in face of people.
Summary of the inventionThe present invention is the defect according to prior art, and proposes a kind of to be avoided that impact that drip irrigation emitter causes by impurities in water and float, reach balanced plant to carry out the infiltration drip irrigation emitter that infiltration is irrigated.
The present invention by casing, water inlet, water return outlet, water inlet pipe, return pipe, transparent tube, casing, filter course, water dropper, water dropper seat, permeable layer, ball float, ball float groove form.
Each parts of the present invention connect and install: do not advise that side is round or water inlet and water return outlet are arranged at square box top, water inlet is connected with water inlet pipe lower end, water return outlet is connected with return pipe lower end, water inlet pipe and return pipe adopt semihard medium-soft plastic tube material, water inlet pipe upper end is connected with tank, and return pipe upper end is left clogging for the soft object such as water return outlet cotton spinning or chemical fibre of upper end behind ground, it it is empty room in casing, lower box has a transparent tube and open-work under casing respectively with gong silk male and female formula gong silking, it is connected in integrated device with rotation mode with bin enclosure formula, transparent tube top is provided with filter course, filter course adopts permeable sponge to make, filter course blocks at transparent tube place suitable for reading, upper middle position is placed with in casing movable ball float, and with the mouth of top ball float groove in corresponding up and down, surrounding is fixed on transparent tube wall with the elastic force of sponge itself, its underpart is connected with the nearly reclining in water dropper top, water dropper body adopts permeable material to be woven into rope form, with the strap that do not seep water, top is wrapped, put on the water dropper seat in transparent tube against transparent tube wall, its against the compactness of tube wall can not seep water as standard, water dropper seat is transparent tube medium position, transparent tube lower end defines water dropper seat after inwardly reducing diameter, water dropper bottom is taper, its cone tip part is suspended in the middle part of transparent tube below water dropper seat, in locus in the middle of transparent tube, water dropper lower cone point is corresponding with the permeable layer bottom transparent tube every transparent tube space, permeable layer is made up of double-deck gauze, to wrap up cluster or to be embedded in transparent tube bottommost with less than the elastic force annulus of transparent tube diameter by fixing for permeable layer, ball float is built with being lighter than the buoyant gas of air band, ball float groove is tubular, diameter is up-small and down-big, ball float has up and down space in ball float groove, above material all adopts corrosion resistant plastic, employing prior art is attached.
Operation principle: the operation principle of the present invention is that the irrigation device being embedded near plant moisture seeking root palpus is continual for plant infiltration drip-irrigation water, be embodied as be: when water is entered in casing by water inlet pipe, water enters water dropper through filter course, water dropper can by the water form of moisture drops to drip, fall within the space in the middle part of transparent tube, when water droplet reaches bottom permeable layer, can by the quick Assimilation and conductivity of permeable layer to the soil connected, when capillary structure in soil touches the water that permeable layer biography attracts, can with the quickly soil diffusion towards periphery of this seepage point in sphere, plant moisture seeking root can must be wrapped for plant growing water in sphere soil by diffusion,
Rinse irrigation device: after impurity in its water and the filtered layer of float stop, continue the next water of stream and rush on one side, do not have the water of impurity and float again can through filter course laggard enter water dropper backward under drip, impurity in water and float collection many after, the water that can not stopped constantly rises after pressing to return pipe, when the water seeing ground return pipe upper end reaches ground, or irrigation device works after a phases-time, the tamper of return pipe upper end water return outlet should be opened, impurity therein and float is made to flow out from return pipe, simultaneously, again return pipe is put, namely rush in a lower box with the press water of water in water inlet pipe, namely the effect of impurity and float in cleaning case body is reached, then again that return pipe is clogging, enter the working procedure of the normal drip irrigation that seeps water.
Adjust duty: the water yield of infiltration drip irrigation emitter infiltration drip irrigation can be adjusted, way is to change water dropper after under transparent tube rotary unloading, water dropper is set to speed Multiple Type, water requirement according to plant is different, the infiltration material of water dropper is improved, make the water dropper water droplet quantity dripped per minute have different change, be then mounted on envelope by the water dropper newly changed quantitatively to seep water drip irrigation again; The water droplet number change that regulating dropping head drips, is adopt the material that seeps water smooth and easy soon as dripped, and seepage material to relax, and can increase the water droplet quantity of infiltration, as slow in dripped, and infiltration material can bind some and maybe will use the material etc. that seeps water less smoothly.
In soil, water is full can stop infiltrating irrigation when closing and supply water: during rainfall water on the same day, after water in underground reaches full conjunction, subsoil water can appear through the permeable layer of irrigation device, again through transparent tube locus, arrive after water dropper and filter course in casing, along with the increasing of the water yield in soil, casing inner float ball can be floated clogging water inlet pipe along ball float groove, make the water in water inlet pipe can not enter back in casing, floating of ball float, one is that in return pipe, the pressure major part of water in water inlet pipe is substantially offset by the pressure of water, two be waterborne in underground buoyancy when rising in casing plus the pressure of water in return pipe more than the pressure of water in water inlet pipe, so the floating of ball float, nozzle blocking under water inlet pipe can be lived, stopped water inlet pipe to supply water in casing, when waiing upon underground hydropenia, moisture in casing can enter in soil through filter course, water dropper, permeable layer, ball float in casing can decline without buoyancy of water in casing, open the normal operation program of irrigation device, i.e. water inlet pipe water supply start, water enters water dropper through filter course again, and water dropper starts again to drip by rule in transparent tube, falls within after the water in transparent tube space reaches permeable layer and quickly penetrates in soil for plant water sources.
Specification: water inlet pipe upstream of the present invention tank is to design according to vacuum tank, namely a large-scale vacuum tank bottom side has the micro-shape gutter channel of the through upper shed being connected, gutter channel is through with water inlet pipe upper end to be connected, so make the pressure equality of water inlet pipe and return pipe, it is simple to the Function of irrigation device envelope inner float ball; Its water dropper is also design when only small according to the water pressure in water inlet pipe.
The infiltrating irrigation water spot of the present invention is inside soil, do not have ground moisture Evaporation Phenomenon, it is that the law of needing the water according to plant carries out moisturizing pouring, at permeable layer, water is penetrated into after in soil, the water at its seepage point place can spread towards periphery centered by seepage point, gradually form a spheroid, several spheroides are uniform, in most of moisture seeking root of each strain plant must being wrapped in, and will not spoiled soil implants moisture seeking root must water suction environment, infiltrating irrigation adjustment is carried out according to plant water absorption, namely plant just supplements how much water with how much water, do not result in the waste of water, it it is one of the method for current water-saving irrigation the most.
The present invention is applicable to the plants such as the plant in hot house, urban afforestation, fruit tree and uses, the plant that to be also applied in land for growing field crops income higher.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 seeps water drip irrigation emitter solid simplified schematic diagram.
In figure: 1, casing, 2, water inlet, 3, water return outlet, 4, water inlet pipe, 5, return pipe, 6, transparent tube, 7, in casing, 8, filter course, 9, water dropper, 10, water dropper seat, 11, permeable layer, 12, ball float, 13, ball float groove.
Detailed description of the invention
In the infiltration drip irrigation emitter solid simplified schematic diagram shown in Fig. 1, by casing 1, water inlet 2, water return outlet 3, water inlet pipe 4, return pipe 5, transparent tube 6, casing 7, filter course 8, water dropper 9, water dropper seat 10, permeable layer 11, ball float 12, ball float groove 13 form.
Each parts of the present invention connect and install: do not advise that side is round or water inlet 2 and water return outlet 3 are arranged at square box 1 top, water inlet 2 is connected with water inlet pipe 4 lower end, water return outlet 3 is connected with return pipe 5 lower end, water inlet pipe 4 and return pipe 5 adopt semihard medium-soft plastic tube material, water inlet pipe 4 upper end is connected with tank, and return pipe 5 upper end is left clogging for the soft object such as water return outlet cotton spinning or chemical fibre of upper end behind ground, in casing, 7 is empty room, casing 1 bottom has a transparent tube 6 with 1 time open-work of casing respectively with gong silk male and female formula gong silking, it is connected in integrated device with rotation mode is closed with casing 1, transparent tube 6 top is provided with filter course 8, filter course 8 adopts permeable sponge to make, filter course 8 blocks at transparent tube 6 place suitable for reading, upper middle position is placed with in casing 7 movable ball floats 12, and with the mouth of top ball float groove 13 in corresponding up and down, surrounding is fixed on transparent tube 6 inwall with the elastic force of sponge itself, its underpart is connected with the nearly reclining in water dropper 9 top, water dropper 9 body adopts permeable material to be woven into rope form, with the strap that do not seep water, top is wrapped, put on the water dropper seat 10 in transparent tube 6 against transparent tube 6 wall, its against the compactness of tube wall can not seep water as standard, water dropper seat 10 is transparent tube 6 medium position, transparent tube 6 lower end defines water dropper seat 10 after inwardly reducing diameter, water dropper 9 bottom is taper, its cone tip part is suspended on water dropper seat less than 10 in the middle part of transparent tube 6, in locus in the middle of transparent tube 6, water dropper 9 lower cone point is corresponding with the permeable layer 11 bottom transparent tube 6 every transparent tube 6 space, permeable layer 11 is made up of double-deck gauze, to wrap up cluster or to be embedded in transparent tube 6 bottommost with less than the elastic force annulus of transparent tube 6 diameter by fixing for permeable layer 11, ball float 12 is built with being lighter than the buoyant gas of air band, ball float groove 13 is tubular, diameter is up-small and down-big, ball float 12 has up and down space in ball float groove 13, above material all adopts corrosion resistant plastic, employing prior art is attached.
Operation principle: upstream of the present invention tank is to design according to vacuum tank, namely a large-scale vacuum tank bottom side has the micro-shape gutter channel of the through upper shed being connected, gutter channel is through with water inlet pipe 4 upper end to be connected, it is simple to the Function of 7 ball floats 12 in casing; Its water dropper 9 is also design when only small according to the water pressure in water inlet pipe 4.
The operation principle of the present invention is that the irrigation device being embedded near plant moisture seeking root palpus is continual for plant infiltration drip-irrigation water, be embodied as be: when water is entered in casing 7 by water inlet pipe 4, water enters water dropper 9 through filter course 8, water dropper 9 can by the water form of moisture drops to drip, fall within the space in the middle part of transparent tube 6, when water droplet reaches bottom permeable layer 11, can by the quick Assimilation and conductivity of permeable layer 11 to the soil connected, when capillary structure in soil touches the water that permeable layer 11 biography attracts, can with the quickly soil diffusion towards periphery of this seepage point in sphere, plant moisture seeking root can must be wrapped for plant growing water in sphere soil by diffusion,
Rinse irrigation device: after impurity in its water and the filtered layer 8 of float stop, continue the next water of stream and rush on one side, the water not having impurity and float can enter after filter course 8 again water dropper 9 backward under drip, impurity in water and float collection many after, the water that can not stopped constantly rises after pressing to return pipe 5, when the water seeing ground return pipe 5 upper end reaches ground, or irrigation device works after a phases-time, the tamper of return pipe 5 upper end water return outlet should be opened, impurity therein and float is made to flow out from return pipe 5, simultaneously, again return pipe 5 is put, namely 7 are rushed in a lower box with the press water of water in water inlet pipe 4, namely the effect of 7 impurity and float in cleaning case body is reached, then again by clogging for return pipe 5, enter the working procedure of the normal drip irrigation that seeps water.
Adjust duty: the water yield of infiltration drip irrigation emitter infiltration drip irrigation can be adjusted, way is to change water dropper 9 after under transparent tube 6 rotary unloading, water dropper 9 is set to speed Multiple Type, water requirement according to plant is different, the infiltration material of water dropper 9 is improved, make the water dropper 9 water droplet quantity dripped per minute have different change, be then mounted on envelope 1 by the water dropper 9 newly changed quantitatively to seep water drip irrigation again; The water droplet number change that regulating dropping head 9 drips, being adopt infiltration material smooth and easy soon as dripped, seepage material to relax, and can increase the water droplet quantity of infiltration, as slow in dripped, infiltration material can be bound some and maybe will use the material etc. that seeps water less smoothly.
In soil, water is full can stop infiltrating irrigation when closing and supply water: during rainfall water on the same day, after water in underground reaches full conjunction, subsoil water can appear through the permeable layer 11 of irrigation device, again through transparent tube 6 locus, 7 are arrived in casing after water dropper 9 and filter course 8, along with the increasing of the water yield in soil, 7 ball floats 12 in casing can be floated clogging water inlet pipe 4 along ball float groove 13, make the water in water inlet pipe 4 can not enter back in casing 7, floating of ball float 12, one is that in return pipe 5, the pressure major part of water in water inlet pipe 4 is substantially offset by the pressure of water, two be waterborne in underground buoyancy when rising in casing 7 plus the pressure of water in return pipe 5 more than the pressure of water in water inlet pipe 4, so the floating of ball float 12, 4 times nozzle blocking of water inlet pipe can be lived, stopped water inlet pipe 47 water supply in casing, when waiing upon underground hydropenia, in casing, the moisture of 7 can enter in soil through filter course 8, water dropper 9, permeable layer 11, in casing, the ball float 12 of 7 can decline without 7 buoyancies of water in casing, open the normal operation program of irrigation device, i.e. water inlet pipe 4 water supply start, water enters water dropper 9 through filter course 8 again, and water dropper 9 starts again to drip by rule in transparent tube 6, falls within after the water in transparent tube 6 space reaches permeable layer 11 and quickly penetrates in soil for plant water sources.

Claims (5)

1. the infiltration drip irrigation emitter described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: by casing, water inlet, water return outlet, water inlet pipe, return pipe, transparent tube, casing, filter course, water dropper, water dropper seat, permeable layer, ball float, ball float groove form, do not advise that side is round or water inlet and water return outlet are arranged at square box top, water inlet is connected with water inlet pipe lower end, water return outlet is connected with return pipe lower end, water inlet pipe and return pipe adopt semihard medium-soft plastic tube material, water inlet pipe upper end is connected with tank, and return pipe upper end is left clogging for the soft object such as water return outlet cotton spinning or chemical fibre of upper end behind ground, it it is empty room in casing, lower box has a transparent tube and open-work under casing respectively with gong silk male and female formula gong silking, it is connected in integrated device with rotation mode with bin enclosure formula, transparent tube top is provided with filter course, filter course adopts permeable sponge to make, filter course blocks at transparent tube place suitable for reading, upper middle position is placed with in casing movable ball float, and with the mouth of top ball float groove in corresponding up and down, surrounding is fixed on transparent tube wall with the elastic force of sponge itself, its underpart is connected with the nearly reclining in water dropper top, water dropper body adopts permeable material to be woven into rope form, with the strap that do not seep water, top is wrapped, put on the water dropper seat in transparent tube against transparent tube wall, its against the compactness of tube wall can not seep water as standard, water dropper seat is transparent tube medium position, transparent tube lower end defines water dropper seat after inwardly reducing diameter, water dropper bottom is taper, its cone tip part is suspended in the middle part of transparent tube below water dropper seat, in locus in the middle of transparent tube, water dropper lower cone point is corresponding with the permeable layer bottom transparent tube every transparent tube space, permeable layer is made up of double-deck gauze, to wrap up cluster or to be embedded in transparent tube bottommost with less than the elastic force annulus of transparent tube diameter by fixing for permeable layer, ball float is built with being lighter than the buoyant gas of air band, ball float groove is tubular, diameter is up-small and down-big, ball float has up and down space in ball float groove, above material all adopts corrosion resistant plastic, employing prior art is attached.
2. infiltration drip irrigation emitter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be embedded in the irrigation device near plant moisture seeking root palpus continual for plant infiltration drip-irrigation water, be embodied as be: when water is entered in casing by water inlet pipe, water enters water dropper through filter course, water dropper can by the water form of moisture drops to drip, fall within the space in the middle part of transparent tube, when water droplet reaches bottom permeable layer, can by the quick Assimilation and conductivity of permeable layer to the soil connected, when capillary structure in soil touches the water that permeable layer biography attracts, can with the quickly soil diffusion towards periphery of this seepage point in sphere, plant moisture seeking root can must be wrapped for plant growing water by diffusion in sphere soil.
3. the infiltration drip irrigation emitter according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: after impurity in its water and the filtered layer of float stop, continue the next water of stream and rush on one side, do not have the water of impurity and float again can through filter course laggard enter water dropper backward under drip, impurity in water and float collection many after, the water that can not stopped constantly rises after pressing to return pipe, when the water seeing ground return pipe upper end reaches ground, or irrigation device works after a phases-time, the tamper of return pipe upper end water return outlet should be opened, impurity therein and float is made to flow out from return pipe, simultaneously, again return pipe is put, namely rush in a lower box with the press water of water in water inlet pipe, namely the effect of impurity and float in cleaning case body is reached, then again that return pipe is clogging, enter the working procedure of the normal drip irrigation that seeps water.
4. the infiltration drip irrigation emitter according to any one in claim 1,2,3, it is characterized in that: be change water dropper after under transparent tube rotary unloading, water dropper is set to speed Multiple Type, water requirement according to plant is different, the infiltration material of water dropper is improved, make the water dropper water droplet quantity dripped per minute have different change, be then mounted on envelope by the water dropper newly changed quantitatively to seep water drip irrigation again; The water droplet number change that regulating dropping head drips, is adopt the material that seeps water smooth and easy soon as dripped, and seepage material to relax, and can increase the water droplet quantity of infiltration, as slow in dripped, and infiltration material can bind some and maybe will use the material etc. that seeps water less smoothly.
5. according to claim 1, 2, infiltration drip irrigation emitter described in any one in 3, it is characterized in that: during rainfall water on the same day, after water in underground reaches full conjunction, subsoil water can appear through the permeable layer of irrigation device, again through transparent tube locus, arrive after water dropper and filter course in casing, along with the increasing of the water yield in soil, casing inner float ball can be floated clogging water inlet pipe along ball float groove, make the water in water inlet pipe can not enter back in casing, floating of ball float, one is that in return pipe, the pressure major part of water in water inlet pipe is substantially offset by the pressure of water, two be waterborne in underground buoyancy when rising in casing plus the pressure of water in return pipe more than the pressure of water in water inlet pipe, so the floating of ball float, nozzle blocking under water inlet pipe can be lived, stopped water inlet pipe to supply water in casing, when waiing upon underground hydropenia, moisture in casing can enter in soil through filter course, water dropper, permeable layer, ball float in casing can decline without buoyancy of water in casing, open the normal operation program of irrigation device, i.e. water inlet pipe water supply start, water enters water dropper through filter course again, and water dropper starts again to drip by rule in transparent tube, falls within after the water in transparent tube space reaches permeable layer and quickly penetrates in soil for plant water sources.
CN201410603178.5A 2014-11-03 2014-11-03 Water seepage drip irrigation emitter Active CN105613213B (en)

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Cited By (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107258483A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-10-20 尹菽斌 A kind of multi-functional water conservancy drip tube for agricultural irrigation
CN108934935A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-12-07 安徽国川环境技术有限公司 A kind of agricultural irrigation drip irrigation appliance
CN110476784A (en) * 2019-09-03 2019-11-22 广州大学 A kind of anticlogging drip irrigation pipe

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107258483A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-10-20 尹菽斌 A kind of multi-functional water conservancy drip tube for agricultural irrigation
CN108934935A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-12-07 安徽国川环境技术有限公司 A kind of agricultural irrigation drip irrigation appliance
CN110476784A (en) * 2019-09-03 2019-11-22 广州大学 A kind of anticlogging drip irrigation pipe

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