CN100377638C - Capillary bundle intelligent water supply system - Google Patents

Capillary bundle intelligent water supply system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100377638C
CN100377638C CNB2005100210068A CN200510021006A CN100377638C CN 100377638 C CN100377638 C CN 100377638C CN B2005100210068 A CNB2005100210068 A CN B2005100210068A CN 200510021006 A CN200510021006 A CN 200510021006A CN 100377638 C CN100377638 C CN 100377638C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
capillary
suction head
main pipe
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB2005100210068A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1692706A (en
Inventor
李绍才
左宇
蒲海梅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Woeryi Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
LIZI ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd SICHUAN PROV
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by LIZI ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd SICHUAN PROV filed Critical LIZI ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd SICHUAN PROV
Priority to CNB2005100210068A priority Critical patent/CN100377638C/en
Publication of CN1692706A publication Critical patent/CN1692706A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100377638C publication Critical patent/CN100377638C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The present invention provides a capillary bundle intelligent water supplying system which comprises a water storing pool and a water transporting pipe, wherein the water transporting pipe is composed of a capillary water transporting main pipe, a capillary water supplying main pipe and a capillary water supplying branch pipe, the capillary water supplying main pipe is connected with the capillary water transporting main pipe, and the end part of the capillary water supplying main pipe is closed; the capillary water supplying branch pipe is connected with the capillary water supplying main pipe, the end part is closed, and the capillary water supplying branch pipe is provided with water supplying holes. One end of the capillary water transporting main pipe is provided with a main pipe valve, the lower end of the main pipe valve is provided with a gradient suction head inserted into the water of the water storing pool, the end is provided with a cleaning device of the suction head, and a cleaning valve is arranged between the cleaning device of the suction head and the capillary water transporting main pipe. The water supplying system has the advantages of high use rate of water resources, long service life without additional power, automatic adjustment for water output of a water supplying head, energy saving, environmental protection and low cost and is used for plant irrigation, particularly the irrigation of slope plants.

Description

Capillary bundle intelligent water supply system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plant irrigating device, particularly relate to a kind of capillary bundle intelligent water supply system.
Background technology
At present, the agricultural water-saving irrigation technology has sprinkling irrigation, slight irrigation etc., and these irrigation methods all need additionaling power, maintenance of equipment expense height.Chinese patent 03108051.0 discloses a kind of nothing and has distinguished local control water subirrigation system at all, comprise be provided with the sealing of apopore and an end the water delivery capillary, be provided with the tank of water inlet, delivery port and pressure equaliser, water inlet is provided with dismountable seal cover, and delivery port is provided with switch.This system need not outer power, utilizes the capillarity automatic water conveying.Shortcoming is an one, and capillary is classification not, and delivery efficiency is low, and water yield control is relatively poor; Its two, do not have clear Xian's device, can not effectively solve water delivery blockage problem capillaceous: its three, it is highly low to supply water, and is applicable to that mainly the plane supplies water, and is unsuitable for slope plant and irrigates.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned shortcoming, a kind of water utilization rate height is provided, need not additionaling power, cost is lower, and the water hoisting depth can reach 20 meters, and the capillary bundle intelligent water supply system of long service life.
Capillary bundle intelligent water supply system of the present invention comprises cistern and water-supply-pipe.Wherein, water-supply-pipe is responsible for by the capillary water delivery, is responsible for the capillary water delivery to be connected and the capillary water main of end sealing, is connected with the capillary water main and the end is sealed, is made up of the capillary water supply arm of water supply hole on it.The capillary water delivery is responsible for an end and is provided with person in charge's valve, is responsible for the valve lower end and is provided with the gradient suction head that inserts in the cistern water, and be provided with the suction head cleaning device at this end, and suction head cleaning device and capillary water delivery are provided with wash-out valve between being responsible for.Wherein, the gradient suction head can be spherical, taper or cylindrical etc., and it is wrapped in the outer primary filter net of suction hose by suction hose, is wrapped in the outer water-soluble closed coating of primary filter net and forms.Suction hose can be pottery, fiberglass, metal material, and the primary filter net can be metal material or macromolecular material, and water-soluble closed coating is generally macromolecular material.The gradient suction head is used for the water in the cistern is sucked in the capillary water delivery person in charge; The suction head cleaning device is made up of high voltage package and pedestal, is mainly used in the solid dirt that cleans on the suction head outer surface, and it is replaceable to use up the back.High voltage package can be the gas high voltage package, also can be the liquid high pressure bag; The capillary water delivery person in charge, capillary water main and capillary water supply arm are flexible hose, and it is made up of capillary porous material internal layer and the compound skin of elastic caoutchouc.Capillary porous material internal layer can adopt metal, plastics, pottery, glass, vegetable fiber or chemical fibre material etc., and the compound skin of elastic caoutchouc plays protection and impermeable role.
The operation principle of capillary bundle intelligent water supply system of the present invention is, during use, cistern is in the retaining state for a long time, can collect natural precipitation more for a long time in rainfall, but and the arid season people for adding water, also can be communicated with underground water, provide the water source by underground water.The capillary arm that supplies water is embedded near the root system of plant, during water supply start, is full of water in the system, make air not enter system.Plant growing absorbs water from soil by its root system, and the water content of soil diminishes, and soil water potential reduces, and utilizes the beginning of capillarity water supply head to supply water in soil, keeps soil water potential and plant to need water to be in poised state; When the plant water yield reduced, the speed that root system of plant absorbs water from soil slowed down, and a water delivery speed of water supply slows down even stops, and remaining soil water potential and plant needs water to be in poised state.The operation principle of suction head cleaning device is during cleaning, to close person in charge's valve, suction head is taken out from water, open wash-out valve, water under high pressure or gases at high pressure in the high voltage package enter suction head, flow in suction head outside the suction head, thereby will rinse out attached to the solid dirt of suction head outer surface, after rinsing well, close wash-out valve, suction head is put into water, open and be responsible for valve, thereby finish cleaning process suction head.
The advantage of capillary bundle intelligent water supply system of the present invention is the water utilization rate height, need not additionaling power, automatic irrigation, suction head cleans convenient, thereby prevent that effectively suction head is blocked, long service life, the suction head water absorption can be greater than 50 liters/hour, and service life was greater than 2 years, that supplies water head is generally 0~1 liter/hour to water yield, and cost is low, is applicable to various landform, especially the irrigation of slope plant.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1: structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 2: suction head structural representation
Fig. 3: water-supply-pipe structural representation
Embodiment
Capillary bundle intelligent water supply system of the present invention comprises cistern 1 and water-supply-pipe.Wherein, water-supply-pipe is responsible for 3 by the capillary water delivery, is responsible for 3 with the capillary water delivery and is connected and the capillary water main 4 of end sealing, is connected with capillary water main 4 and the end is sealed, is made up of the capillary water supply arm 6 of water supply hole 5 on it.The capillary water delivery is responsible for 3 one ends and is provided with person in charge's valve 9, be responsible for valve 9 lower ends and be provided with the gradient suction head 2 that inserts in the cistern 1, and being provided with the suction head cleaning device that constitutes by high voltage package 7 and pedestal 10 at this end, suction head cleaning device and capillary water delivery are responsible for 3 and are provided with wash-out valve 8.Wherein, the gradient suction head is wrapped in the primary filter net 12 outside the suction hose 11 by suction hose 11, is wrapped in primary filter net 12 outer water-soluble closed coatings 13 and forms.The capillary water delivery person in charge 3, capillary water main 4 and capillary water supply arm 6 are flexible hose, and it is made up of capillary porous material internal layer 13 and elastic caoutchouc compound outer 15.
Capillary bundle intelligent water supply system implementation result of the present invention is as follows:
Embodiment 1: plantation mandarin tree 1500 strains on 50 * 50m soil, cistern is positioned on the same horizontal line in the face of land, system's automatic water-supply, only need 8 gradient suction heads, aqueducts at different levels are laid 4800 meters altogether, only need manually add 20 tons in water in 1 year, be far smaller than 350 tons of water requirements of traditional irrigation, the oranges and tangerines gross yield reaches 7 tons, reaches 4.5 tons with place traditional irrigation gross yield, and output lifts from 55%.
Embodiment 2: plant romaine lettuce on 20 * 30m soil, cistern is lower than 10 meters, the face of land, system's automatic water-supply only needs 2 gradient suction heads, and aqueducts at different levels are laid 850 meters altogether, only need manually add 16 tons in water the first quarter, be far smaller than 200 tons of water consumptions of traditional irrigation and 24 tons of water consumptions of general drip irrigation, the romaine lettuce gross yield reaches 5 tons, reaches 4 tons with place traditional irrigation gross yield, output improves 25%, and conservation of power 500 degree.

Claims (4)

1. capillary bundle intelligent water supply system, comprise cistern and water-supply-pipe, it is characterized in that water-supply-pipe is responsible for by the capillary water delivery, with the capillary water main that the capillary water delivery person in charge is connected and the end is sealed, be connected with the capillary water main and the end sealing, form by the capillary water supply arm of water supply hole on it, the capillary water delivery is responsible for an end and is provided with person in charge's valve, be responsible for the valve lower end and be provided with the gradient suction head that inserts in the cistern water, and being provided with the suction head cleaning device at this end, suction head cleaning device and capillary water delivery are provided with wash-out valve between being responsible for.
2. capillary bundle intelligent water supply system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the gradient suction head by suction hose, is wrapped in the outer primary filter net of suction hose, is wrapped in the outer water-soluble closed coating of primary filter net and forms.
3. capillary bundle intelligent water supply system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the suction head cleaning device is made up of high voltage package and pedestal.
4. capillary bundle intelligent water supply system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the capillary water delivery person in charge, capillary water main and capillary water supply arm are flexible hose, and it is made of capillary porous material internal layer and the compound skin of elastic caoutchouc.
CNB2005100210068A 2005-06-01 2005-06-01 Capillary bundle intelligent water supply system Expired - Fee Related CN100377638C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100210068A CN100377638C (en) 2005-06-01 2005-06-01 Capillary bundle intelligent water supply system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100210068A CN100377638C (en) 2005-06-01 2005-06-01 Capillary bundle intelligent water supply system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1692706A CN1692706A (en) 2005-11-09
CN100377638C true CN100377638C (en) 2008-04-02

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Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102767500B (en) * 2011-05-03 2017-04-19 威隼汽车科技(宁波)有限公司 Reciprocating type electromagnetic pump
CN102767499B (en) * 2011-05-03 2017-06-06 王洪霞 A kind of automatic suction type magnetic pump
CN104221702B (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-05-25 宏大国源(芜湖)资源环境治理有限公司 A kind of moisturizing of sowing grass seeds by duster for greening side slope device that topdresses
CN104938301A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-30 塔里木大学 Water-saving irrigation method and water-saving irrigation system
CN111530268B (en) * 2020-04-30 2021-09-28 南京大学 Method and system for treating odor and peculiar smell gas of garbage through multi-stage series stock under-sieve humus soil aerobic fixed bed for household garbage
CN111570467B (en) * 2020-04-30 2021-11-16 南京大学 Ectopic aerobic reinforced stabilization system and method for stored household garbage
CN111547795B (en) * 2020-04-30 2021-07-30 南京大学 Organic fertilizer maintenance method, maintenance tank and integrated maintenance equipment for realizing zero discharge of stored domestic garbage leachate
CN111468518B (en) * 2020-04-30 2022-02-08 南京大学 Fiber capillary water distribution pipe, water distribution system and water distribution method
CN112901401A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-04 长安大学 Hydroelectric power generation method under capillary action

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2244294Y (en) * 1995-12-01 1997-01-08 林海 Constant wetness water supplying device for planting inside or outside building
CN1179881A (en) * 1997-04-10 1998-04-29 冯晋臣 Economic forest root-base water-saving cultivation series technique
CN2364678Y (en) * 1998-06-12 2000-02-23 蒋甫定 Drip irrigation bag

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2244294Y (en) * 1995-12-01 1997-01-08 林海 Constant wetness water supplying device for planting inside or outside building
CN1179881A (en) * 1997-04-10 1998-04-29 冯晋臣 Economic forest root-base water-saving cultivation series technique
CN2364678Y (en) * 1998-06-12 2000-02-23 蒋甫定 Drip irrigation bag

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Owner name: SICHUAN NEW OASIS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOL

Free format text: FORMER NAME: LIZI ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD., SICHUAN PROV.

Owner name: SICHUAN WO ERYI ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER NAME: SICHUAN NEW OASIS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 610031 Sichuan Province, Chengdu City Kam Tong Road No. 1 days Yin yuan B-703

Patentee after: Sichuan New Oasis Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 610031 Sichuan Province, Chengdu City Kam Tong Road No. 1 days Yin yuan B-703

Patentee before: Lizi Ecological Technology Co., Ltd., Sichuan Prov.

Address after: 610031 Sichuan Province, Chengdu City Kam Tong Road No. 1 days Yin yuan B-703

Patentee after: Sichuan Woeryi Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 610031 Sichuan Province, Chengdu City Kam Tong Road No. 1 days Yin yuan B-703

Patentee before: Sichuan New Oasis Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20080402

Termination date: 20150601