CN206433376U - One kind automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system - Google Patents

One kind automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206433376U
CN206433376U CN201720035925.9U CN201720035925U CN206433376U CN 206433376 U CN206433376 U CN 206433376U CN 201720035925 U CN201720035925 U CN 201720035925U CN 206433376 U CN206433376 U CN 206433376U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
irrigation
feed pipe
unit
operated valve
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CN201720035925.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁双波
贾秀领
李谦
杨玉锐
郭怀围
李文治
籍俊杰
张经廷
吴枫
陈丽
刘凯
张峰
吕丽华
董志强
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Julu Fengnong Agricultural Technology Co ltd
Xingtai Institute Of Agriculture Science
Institute of Grain and Oil Crops of Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Julu Fengnong Agricultural Technology Co ltd
Xingtai Institute Of Agriculture Science
Institute of Grain and Oil Crops of Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Abstract

Agricultural water-saving irrigation system is automated the utility model discloses one kind, including control unit, connecting pipeline, cistern, several irrigating units, fertilizer pond, detection unit and power supply unit, connecting pipeline includes multiple branch lines in parallel, and each branch line includes Pneumatic pressure solenoid, feed pipe, a magnetic valve and a pneumatic operated valve;The top of feed pipe connects cistern by supply-water pump, and the end connection irrigating unit of feed pipe, feed pipe is provided with pneumatic operated valve;Pneumatic operated valve is also connected with being additionally provided with magnetic valve in the end of Pneumatic pressure solenoid, the top connection air compressor of Pneumatic pressure solenoid, Pneumatic pressure solenoid;Fertilizer pond connects the feed pipe before pneumatic operated valve by fertilizing pump.The utility model is using pneumatic operated valve as gas circuit control element, and magnetic valve is arranged in Pneumatic pressure solenoid, and no water passes through, it will not be influenceed by the factor such as silt, bubble in water, service life is long, and fault rate is low, be not in the phenomenon of electric leakage, safer, using water wisely.

Description

One kind automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system
Technical field
The utility model is related to field of agricultural irrigation, more particularly to a kind of automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system.
Background technology
Irrigation is for a kind of technical measures of moisture needed for supplementing crop.In order to ensure crop normal growth, obtain high Produce stable yields, it is necessary to supply crop with sufficient moisture.It is under field conditions (factors), often uneven because of precipitation deficit or distribution, Crop can not be met to moisture requirement.Therefore, it is necessary to artificially be irrigated, to mend the deficiency of natural rainfall.
Many in existing irrigation system by solenoid valve control field irrigation, system service life and stability are poor, conventional electricity Magnet valve is easily influenceed by the factor such as silt, bubble in water, and is disliked slightly ambient influnence by farmland, and service life is shorter, fault rate It is higher, deployment live wire, the accident such as easily occur leaking electricity.Also, it is typically all same to full wafer field large area when irrigating When irrigate, but can have that certain block region need not be irrigated or physical features height in irrigated area is different, cause different zones soil The different situation of water content, causes the waste of water resource.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of service life and stability for improving irrigation system Can, a kind of not affected by environment, the automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system for the water saving for having a safety feature and being irrigated according to soil regime System.
In order to solve the above technical problems, technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
One kind automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system, including control unit, connecting pipeline, cistern, several irrigation lists Member, fertilizer pond, detection unit and power supply unit, it is characterised in that:The connecting pipeline includes multiple branch lines in parallel, often Individual branch line includes Pneumatic pressure solenoid, feed pipe, a magnetic valve and a pneumatic operated valve;The top of the feed pipe is by supplying Water pump connects cistern, and the end connection irrigating unit of feed pipe, feed pipe is provided with pneumatic operated valve;The pneumatic operated valve is also connected with Magnetic valve is additionally provided with the end of Pneumatic pressure solenoid, the top connection air compressor of Pneumatic pressure solenoid, Pneumatic pressure solenoid;It is described Fertilizer pond connects the feed pipe before pneumatic operated valve by fertilizing pump;The detection unit includes being embedded in where each irrigating unit Irrigate the soil moisture sensor in field;Described control unit connection air compressor, magnetic valve, supply-water pump, fertilizing pump and soil Earth moisture transducer;Said supply unit includes the solar panels and battery of electrical connection, and battery is to control unit and detection Unit is powered.
Further technical scheme is:The connecting pipeline, pneumatic operated valve and irrigating unit are embedded in irrigation field soil 80~100cm below earth surface.
Further technical scheme is:The irrigating unit includes many irrigation water guides for being parallel to water supply pipe end Pipe, is irrigated to water guide branch pipe is had on aqueduct, the flexible pipe of aqueduct is irrigated on the water guide branch pipe top for connection, and bottom is Three of square are embedded in the soakaway trench for irrigating different depth in field respectively, and soakaway trench is provided with multiple hollow billets, hollow billet end Head is oozed in end provided with irrigation, and irrigation, which is oozed, is provided with activated carbon in head.
Further technical scheme is:The feed pipe of the water outlet of the cistern is provided with coarse filtration joint, coarse filtration Sterilizer is provided between joint and supply-water pump.
Further technical scheme is:The detection unit also includes the electromagnetic flowmeter on feed pipe, electromagnetism Flowmeter connects control unit.
Further technical scheme is:The soil moisture sensor is in the irrigation field where each irrigating unit There are three, be distributed in the block and irrigate on a diagonal in field, the soil moisture sensor in two pieces of adjacent irrigation fields It is arranged in parallel.
Further technical scheme is:The solar panels are obliquely installed, and the lower end of solar panels is provided with water leg, collection Tank two ends are obliquely installed, and water leg lower end is provided with the conduit of UNICOM's cistern, conduit lower end threaded connection filter.
Further technical scheme is:The detection unit also includes the detection cistern located at cistern internal upper part The level sensor of interior reservoir storage, level sensor connection control unit.
Further technical scheme is:The Pneumatic pressure tube outer surface is wound with stiffener.
It is using the beneficial effect produced by above-mentioned technical proposal:
The utility model, as gas circuit control element, passes through the cooperation of pneumatic operated valve and magnetic valve, realization pair using pneumatic operated valve The intelligent control of irrigation system, according to farmland situation, first opens some or multiple magnetic valves, is then opened again by compressed air The pneumatic operated valve of respective channel, realizes the unlatching of supply channel, and magnetic valve is arranged in Pneumatic pressure solenoid, and no water passes through, will not Influenceed by the factor such as silt, bubble in water, service life is long, and fault rate is low, be not in the phenomenon of electric leakage, it is safer;Root The irrigation of selectivity is carried out according to the situation of every block of soil, and detects irrigation situation, using water wisely in good time.
Brief description of the drawings
The utility model is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the partial structural diagram of the utility model irrigating unit;
Fig. 3 is the partial structural diagram of the water guide branch pipe of the utility model irrigating unit;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that the utility model power supply unit is connected with cistern.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is carried out clear Chu, it is fully described by, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not under the premise of creative work is made The every other embodiment obtained, belongs to the scope of the utility model protection.
Many details are elaborated in the following description in order to fully understand the utility model, but this practicality is new Type can also be different from other manner described here using other implement, and those skilled in the art can be without prejudice to this reality With doing similar popularization in the case of new intension, therefore the utility model is not limited by following public specific embodiment.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system, including control unit 10, connecting pipeline, cistern 50th, several irrigating units 70, fertilizer pond 90, detection unit and power supply unit, the connecting pipeline include multiple points in parallel Bye-pass, each branch line includes Pneumatic pressure solenoid 101, feed pipe 102, a magnetic valve 30 and a pneumatic operated valve 60;Institute The top for stating feed pipe 102 connects cistern 50 by supply-water pump 40, and the end connection irrigating unit 70 of feed pipe 102 supplies water Pipe 102 is provided with pneumatic operated valve 60;The pneumatic operated valve 60 is also connected with the end of Pneumatic pressure solenoid 101, the top of Pneumatic pressure solenoid 101 Connect and be additionally provided with magnetic valve 30 in air compressor 20, Pneumatic pressure solenoid 101;The fertilizer pond 90 connects gas by fertilizing pump 91 Before dynamic valve 60, the feed pipe 102 after supply-water pump 40;The detection unit includes being embedded in the irrigation where each irrigating unit 70 The soil moisture sensor 2 in field 100;The connection of described control unit 10 air compressor 20, magnetic valve 30, supply-water pump 40, apply Fertile pump 91 and soil moisture sensor 2;Said supply unit includes the solar panels 80 and battery 81 of electrical connection, battery 81 Control unit 10 and detection unit are powered.
Wherein, the water source of cistern 50 mostlys come from underground water, and some comes from solar panels 80 to sleet The collection of water.As shown in figure 4, solar panels 80 are obliquely installed, the lower end of solar panels 80 is provided with water leg 84,84 liang of water leg End is obliquely installed, and the lower end of water leg 84 is provided with the conduit 82 of UNICOM's cistern 50, the lower end of conduit 82 threaded connection filter 83. Solar panels 80 are the effect for serving power supply, and its shape is utilized again, play a part of collecting rainwater.
The feed pipe 102 of the water outlet of cistern 50 is provided with coarse filtration joint, is set between coarse filtration joint and supply-water pump 40 There is sterilizer 51.Water in cistern 50 is filtered, it is to avoid blocking pipeline.Detection unit also includes being located at feed pipe Electromagnetic flowmeter 1 on 102, the connection control unit 10 of electromagnetic flowmeter 1.Electromagnetic flowmeter 1 is matched somebody with somebody with soil moisture sensor 2 Close, double check irrigation volume, adjustment, is conducive to the saving of water in time.
Soil moisture sensor 2 has three in the irrigation field 100 where each irrigating unit 70, is distributed in the block On a diagonal for irrigating field 100, two pieces of adjacent soil moisture sensors 2 irrigated in field 100 be arranged in parallel, With arrangement, soil regime is fully analyzed.
Operationally, control unit 10 feeds back to its every piece of sewage farming according to soil moisture sensor 2 to the utility model The soil moisture situation on ground 100, opens magnetic valve 30, air compressor 20, supply-water pump 40 and the fertilising on respective branch pipeline Pump 91, after magnetic valve 30 is opened, compressed air is by opening pneumatic operated valve 60 after the Pneumatic pressure solenoid 101 on the branch line;So The water that the feed pipe 102 on the branch line is formed in path, cistern 50 afterwards is transported to irrigating unit 70 by feed pipe 102 Irrigated, while water delivery, fertilizing pump 91 drives the liquid fertilizer in fertilizer pond 90 to enter feed pipe 102, with water together It is transported in irrigation field 100, it is ensured that the efficient supply of crop moisture and nutrient.2 pairs of every piece of fields of soil moisture sensor Soil regime detected, the irrigation of selectivity is carried out according to the situation of every block of soil, and detect irrigation situation in real time, saved Use water.
The utility model uses pneumatic operated valve 60 as gas circuit control element, by the cooperation of pneumatic operated valve 60 and magnetic valve 30, The intelligent control to irrigation system is realized, according to farmland situation, some or multiple magnetic valves 30 is first opened, then passes through compression again Air opens the pneumatic operated valve 60 of respective channel, realizes the unlatching of supply channel, and magnetic valve 30 is arranged in Pneumatic pressure solenoid 101, There is no water to pass through, will not be influenceed by the factor such as silt, bubble in water, service life is long, and fault rate is low, is not in electric leakage Phenomenon, it is safer.
Irrigating unit 70 can be drip irrigation form, infiltrating irrigation form or sprinkling irrigation form etc..During using drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation form, fill Branch line and irrigation terminal (drip irrigation zone, spray boom and shower nozzle etc.) of the unit 70 including main line and on main line are irrigate, The main line and branch line of connecting pipeline, pneumatic operated valve 60 and irrigating unit 70 be embedded in irrigation the soil surface of field 100 with Lower 80~100cm, irrigates terminal more than ground, crops is irrigated.When as shown in Figures 2 and 3, using infiltrating irrigation, even Siphunculus road, pneumatic operated valve 60 and irrigating unit 70 are embedded in 80~100cm below the irrigation soil surface of field 100, prevent winter Freezing supply channel, does not interfere with agricultural machinery farm work again.Irrigating unit 70 is parallel to the end of feed pipe 102 including many Aqueduct 71 is irrigated, is irrigated to water guide branch pipe is had on aqueduct 71, aqueduct is irrigated in the water guide branch pipe top for connection 71 flexible pipe 73, bottom is three of square and is embedded in the soakaway trench 72 for irrigating different depth in field 100, soakaway trench respectively 72 are provided with multiple hollow billets 74, and the end of hollow billet 74 oozes first 75 provided with irrigation, and irrigation, which is oozed, is provided with activated carbon in first 75.Due to plant roots System has hydrotropism, irrigating unit 70 is embedded in soil, water is directly poured to root system of plant, moistens soil, has Grown downwards beneficial to root, it is to avoid soil erosion.And the activated carbon that irrigation is oozed inside first 75 can be filtered to water, may be used again Prevent pipeline to be blocked, extend service life, hollow billet 74 can arbitrarily extend again, compensatory good.
Detection unit also includes the level sensor 52 of the reservoir storage in the detection cistern 50 of the internal upper part of cistern 50, Level sensor 52 connects control unit 10, in time the water in monitoring cistern 50, it is to avoid when water level is relatively low, supply-water pump 40 is empty Operation, damages equipment.
The outer surface of Pneumatic pressure solenoid 101 is wound with stiffener, and the intensity of increase Pneumatic pressure solenoid 101 increases the service life.
It the above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, anyone is according to content of the present utility model to the utility model A little simple modification, deformation and the equivalent substitution made each falls within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. one kind automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system, including control unit (10), connecting pipeline, cistern (50), several Irrigating unit (70), fertilizer pond (90), detection unit and power supply unit, it is characterised in that:The connecting pipeline include it is multiple simultaneously The branch line of connection, each branch line includes Pneumatic pressure solenoid (101), feed pipe (102), a magnetic valve (30) and one Pneumatic operated valve (60);The top of the feed pipe (102) connects cistern (50), the end of feed pipe (102) by supply-water pump (40) End connection irrigating unit (70), feed pipe (102) is provided with pneumatic operated valve (60);The pneumatic operated valve (60) is also connected with Pneumatic pressure solenoid (101) end, the top connection air compressor (20) of Pneumatic pressure solenoid (101), Pneumatic pressure solenoid is additionally provided with electricity on (101) Magnet valve (30);The fertilizer pond (90) connects the feed pipe (102) before pneumatic operated valve (60) by fertilizing pump (91);The detection is single The soil moisture sensor (2) in irrigation field (100) of the member where including being embedded in each irrigating unit (70);The control is single First (10) connection air compressor (20), magnetic valve (30), supply-water pump (40), fertilizing pump (91) and soil moisture sensor (2); Said supply unit includes the solar panels (80) and battery (81) of electrical connection, and battery (81) is to control unit (10) and inspection Unit is surveyed to power.
2. a kind of automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The connecting pipeline, Pneumatic operated valve (60) and irrigating unit (70) are embedded in 80~100cm below irrigation field (100) soil surface.
3. a kind of automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The irrigating unit (70) include many irrigation aqueducts (71) for being parallel to feed pipe (102) end, irrigate on aqueduct (71) and to lead to having The flexible pipe (73) of aqueduct (71) is irrigated on water branch pipe, the water guide branch pipe top for connection, and bottom is three difference of square The soakaway trench (72) for irrigating field (100) interior different depth is embedded in, soakaway trench (72) is provided with multiple hollow billets (74), hollow billet (74) head (75) is oozed in end provided with irrigation, and irrigation, which is oozed, is provided with activated carbon in head (75).
4. a kind of automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cistern (50) feed pipe (102) of water outlet is provided with coarse filtration joint, disappears between coarse filtration joint and supply-water pump (40) provided with sterilizing Malicious device (51).
5. a kind of automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The detection unit is also Including the electromagnetic flowmeter (1) on feed pipe (102), electromagnetic flowmeter (1) connection control unit (10).
6. a kind of automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The soil moisture is passed Sensor (2) has three in the irrigation field (100) where each irrigating unit (70), is distributed in the block and irrigates field (100) A diagonal on, the adjacent two pieces soil moisture sensors (2) irrigated in field (100) be arranged in parallel.
7. a kind of automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The solar panels (80) it is obliquely installed, the lower end of solar panels (80) is provided with water leg (84), and water leg (84) two ends are obliquely installed, water leg (84) lower end is provided with the conduit (82) of UNICOM's cistern (50), conduit (82) lower end threaded connection filter (83).
8. a kind of automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The detection unit is also Include the level sensor (52) of detection cistern (50) interior reservoir storage located at cistern (50) internal upper part, level sensor (52) connection control unit (10).
9. a kind of automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The Pneumatic pressure solenoid (101) outer surface is wound with stiffener.
CN201720035925.9U 2017-01-12 2017-01-12 One kind automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system Active CN206433376U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720035925.9U CN206433376U (en) 2017-01-12 2017-01-12 One kind automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720035925.9U CN206433376U (en) 2017-01-12 2017-01-12 One kind automation agricultural water-saving irrigation system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206433376U true CN206433376U (en) 2017-08-25

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206433376U (en)

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