CN205105613U - It puts to drench filling - Google Patents

It puts to drench filling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205105613U
CN205105613U CN201520768516.0U CN201520768516U CN205105613U CN 205105613 U CN205105613 U CN 205105613U CN 201520768516 U CN201520768516 U CN 201520768516U CN 205105613 U CN205105613 U CN 205105613U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
truss
fertilizer
hydraulic pipeline
filling
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CN201520768516.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
籍俊杰
李谦
张峰
王跃军
梁双波
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Institute of Grain and Oil Crops of Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Institute of Grain and Oil Crops of Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Priority to CN201520768516.0U priority Critical patent/CN205105613U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides an it puts to drench filling, include the hydraulic pipe -line be connected with the water source, with the sprinkle device of hydraulic pipe -line intercommunication, the key is: still include and set up at subaerial truss with the help of telescoping shoring column, the hydraulic pipe -line sets up in the inner chamber of truss, the hydraulic pipe -line is with the help of pressure pipe and water source intercommunication, seted up a plurality of water delivery mouths on the hydraulic pipe -line, every water delivery mouth department is connected with the sprinkle device. Water even, the water conservation is high -efficient, the broad width is irrigated, realize easily that liquid manure integration, production efficiency have had very big promotion.

Description

A kind of pouring filling device
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural water-saving irrigation device field, particularly a kind of pouring filling device.
Background technology
Current China water resource is very in short supply, and agricultural water waste is very serious, traditional broad irrigation mode has made agricultural become and has used water rich and influential family, its water consumption accounts for more than 70% of national total water consumption, and the effective rate of utilization of water only has 30%-40%, about being only the half of developed country, the grain production capacity of every cubic meter of water only has 0.85kg, every well below developed country cubic meterthe level of grain-production more than the energy 2kg of water.
Change the irrigation custom that people are traditional over the past thousands of years, obtain higher output benefit with less water, promoting efficient water-saving irrigation technology is an important task, is also one of approach alleviating China's water scarcity, the inevitable choice of modern agricultural development especially.
Drenching irrigation technology is be applicable to field crop plantation that is moistening, half moistening, semiarid, drought and water-scarce area, is the most effective Water Saving Irrigation Mode of one, the water of various source of irrigation water can be close to 100% ground and be transported to field.Drench the effect that irrigation technology has high-quality, efficient, high yield.Be particularly useful for field crop irrigation, area with good conditionsi is answered develop actively to drench and is filled with.
But existing irrigation technique has following shortcoming:
1, the low traditional canal system irrigation method of land utilization rate is that water is transported to field by general main canal, trunk canal, branch canal, lateral canal, sublateral canal Pyatyi channel, and also will repair in field and dig a large amount of ridge, furrow, irrigation canals and ditches, so real effective cultivated area only has 70 ~ 80%.
2, the serious one side of water resource utility model, adopt pouring irrigation technology can save a large amount of water, current water efficiency of canal system only has 0.4 ~ 0.6, namely only about half of water can not be transported to field, although adopt and drench irrigation technology and make the pouring in crop full vegetative period fill with number of times significantly to increase, this adds increased evaporation in the field loss, the irrigation water capacity of unit are also can increase to some extent, but carry out increase yield with this, reduce liquid manure and run off.
3. labor workload is large, and time fund input is many.Traditional ground furrow irrigation, border irrigation, gravity flow flood irrigation, all will carry out the build of field land readjustment, ditching ridging, canal system every year, and this just increases workload and the fund input of irrigation and water conservancy projects.
Existing reel sprinkling irrigation machine has needs that pressure is large, energy consumption is high, especially single spraying head sprinkling irrigation moisture in atmosphere evaporation loss large, the shortcomings such as serious are impacted to crops; And existing irrigation moving is inconvenient, labour intensity is large, inefficiency.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the shortcoming of prior art, the utility model devises and a kind of drenches filling device, pours water evenly, water-saving efficient, wide cut are irrigated, easily realizes water-fertilizer integral, production efficiency had great lifting.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is, a kind of pouring filling device, comprise the hydraulic pipeline be connected with water source, the spraying device be communicated with hydraulic pipeline, key is: also comprise and be arranged on ground truss by telescoping shoring column, described hydraulic pipeline is arranged in the inner chamber of truss, described hydraulic pipeline is communicated with water source by force pipe, and described hydraulic pipeline offers multiple water transport port, and each water transport port place is connected with spraying device.
Described truss is parallel chord truss.
Described truss is foldable truss.
Be provided with travel wheel bottom described telescoping shoring column, described travel wheel be provided with the autopilot of adjustment truss direct of travel.
Water transport port on described hydraulic pipeline is arranged at equal intervals, and the spacing between adjacent two water transport ports is 60-240cm.
Described spraying device comprises the hollow suspension rod be communicated with the water transport port of hydraulic pipeline, the shower nozzle be communicated with the hollow suspension rod port of export, and the length of described hollow suspension rod is shorter than telescoping shoring column.
This device also comprises controller, sensor, soil moisture content monitoring device, the fertilizer system that is communicated with hydraulic pipeline by pipeline, the measuring junction of described soil moisture content monitoring device is embedded in soil, the output of soil moisture content monitoring device is connected with sensor, and sensor, fertilizer system are all electrically connected with controller.
Described pipeline is provided with the magnetic valve be electrically connected with controller, described fertilizer system comprises the fertilizer tank by fertilizer pump and pipeline connection, is provided with meter in described fertilizer tank.
Described shower nozzle is refraction sprinkler, and shower nozzle place pressure is less than 0.1MPa.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
This device is a kind of farmland water-saving type irrigation method.Adopt low-pressure, truss-like, wide cut to irrigate, easily realize water-fertilizer integral.Pouring irrigation method is adopted to irrigate even, low to crops impact strength.Drenching irrigation technology is be applicable to field crop plantation that is moistening, half moistening, semiarid, drought and water-scarce area, is the most effective Water Saving Irrigation Mode of one, the water of various source of irrigation water can be close to 100% ground and be transported to field.This skilled labour intensity is low, easily is automated control, is particularly useful for field crop irrigation.
1, high-efficiency water-saving: pour water evenly, can not cause the seepage loss of local, irrigation quantity easily controls, and can pour water according to crop different growing law of needing the water and soil water-containing situation in good time, improves efficiency of water application, can reduce more than 30% than normal irrigation water.Truss height is adjustable, and water droplet directly falls from crops, reduces the aerial holdup time.Truss can install suspension rod, and shower nozzle is irrigated close to crop root part, and when avoiding spraying operation, water droplet drops on crop cauline leaf, reduces the skyborne evaporation of moisture to greatest extent.
2, energy-efficient: pressure 0.03MP needed for whole system, much smaller than single spraying head reel sprinkling irrigation machine rated pressure 0.7MP, energy-conservation more than 20%.
3, be easy to realize water-fertilizer integral: irrigation system installs fertilizer applicator, can apply fertilizer, can carry out precision fertilizing according to crop regulation of fertilizer requirement and soil nutrient status while pouring water, fertilizer applies with water after dissolving, be conducive to Crop to utilize, can fertilizing amount be greatly reduced, improve fertilizer efficiency.
4, improve land utilization rate: other furrow ridge, water channel need not be reserved in field, improve land utilization rate.
5, significantly improve labour productive forces efficiency: system can realize automated job, self-navigation mechanism can be furnished with, intelligent control system realizes Unattended remote monitoring, greatly reduce recruitment, reduce labour intensity.
6, power and energy is easy, changes work system, adjustment System parameter, can carry out the operation of plant protection laxative.
7, efficiency is high, adaptability good: can carry out various crop irrigation operation, and 1 equipment can control land area 100 mu ~ 500 mu.
8, irrigation system operating pressure is low, can make full use of existing farmland and have underground piping and carry out water delivery operation, decrease overlapping investment, greatly reduces capital construction and drops into.
This systematic difference have saving of labor, economize ground, water saving, energy-conservation, volume increase, synergy effect.Being applicable to the field crops such as wheat, corn, soybean, vegetables, being conducive to scale intensive manufacture and the operation of agricultural, is one of Irrigation of being relatively suitable for of field crop.
The utility model has the features such as low, the required energy consumption of system pressure is low, moisture evaporation is little, little to crops impulsive force, efficiency of water application is high, be easy to operation, autgmentability is strong.Drenching filling is irrigate crop root with form of moisture drops, and efficiency of water application is high, is the methods and measures of a high-efficiency water-saving.The utility model solves existing reel sprinkling irrigation machine needs that pressure is large, energy consumption is high, especially single spraying head sprinkling irrigation moisture in atmosphere evaporation loss large, the shortcomings such as serious are impacted to crops; Telescopic mechanism makes truss just regulate, and meets high stalk and low stalk crop demand simultaneously, can carry out seeding corn and other crops timing in time of infertility quota and irrigate; Folding truss, solves the drawback of common truss-like irrigation moving inconvenience, improves operating efficiency, reduces labour.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing of A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the folded state diagram of Fig. 1.
In accompanying drawing, 1 is truss, and 2 is spraying devices, and 3 is hydraulic pipelines, and 4 is telescoping shoring columns, and 5 is travel wheel, and 6 is hollow suspension rods.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further.
Specific embodiment, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, a kind of pouring filling device, comprise the hydraulic pipeline 3 be connected with water source, the spraying device 2 be communicated with hydraulic pipeline 3, key is: also comprise and be arranged on ground truss 1 by telescoping shoring column 4, when drenching filling device work, truss 1 is above crops, spraying device 2 on the ground square 10-50cm place carries out pouring filling operation, according to crops proterties and soil types, when regulating work by regulating telescoping shoring column 4, spraying device 2 is apart from ground level, described hydraulic pipeline 3 is arranged in the inner chamber of truss 1, described hydraulic pipeline 3 is communicated with water source by force pipe, described hydraulic pipeline 3 offers multiple water transport port, each water transport port place is connected with spraying device.
Preferably, described truss 1 is parallel chord truss.
Described truss 1 is foldable truss, and be convenient to management, floor space is little.
Be provided with travel wheel 5 bottom described telescoping shoring column 4, be convenient to mobility and pour water operation.Described travel wheel 5 is provided with the autopilot of adjustment truss direct of travel.This device can be applicable to disk type Irrigation Machine, and PE pipe one end of irrigation sprinkler is connected to this device water transport port place, and during work, irrigation sprinkler the automatic recovery PE pipe racks moves this device and moved pouring filling operation; This device can be applicable to fixing conduit-type and drenches filling, device need configure power and water pump, power is sent to road wheel and water pump thereof, device arranges autopilot, and autopilot one end is connected with the travel wheel of telescope support 4, and the autopilot other end is placed in water channel, rely on water channel sidewall controlling party to, realize automatic controllability path when nobody is worth, save human resources, reduce labour intensity.
In order to make pouring fill with evenly, the water transport port on described hydraulic pipeline 3 is arranged at equal intervals, and the spacing between adjacent two water transport ports is 60-240cm.
Described spraying device 2 comprises the hollow suspension rod 6 be communicated with the water transport port of hydraulic pipeline 3, the shower nozzle be communicated with hollow suspension rod 6 port of export, the length of described hollow suspension rod 6 is shorter than telescoping shoring column 4, the setting of suspension rod 6 is convenient to shower nozzle and is irrigated close to crop root, when avoiding spraying operation, water droplet drops on crop cauline leaf, reduces the skyborne evaporation of moisture to greatest extent.
This device also comprises controller, sensor, soil moisture content monitoring device, by the fertilizer system that pipeline is communicated with hydraulic pipeline 3, the measuring junction of described soil moisture content monitoring device is embedded in soil, the output of soil moisture content monitoring device is connected with sensor, sensor, fertilizer system is all electrically connected with controller, be easy to realize water-fertilizer integral, namely apply fertilizer while pouring water, precision fertilizing can be carried out according to crop regulation of fertilizer requirement and soil nutrient status, fertilizer applies with water after dissolving, be conducive to Crop to utilize, fertilizing amount can be greatly reduced, improve fertilizer efficiency.
Described pipeline is provided with the magnetic valve be electrically connected with controller, described fertilizer system comprises the fertilizer tank by fertilizer pump and pipeline connection, is provided with meter in described fertilizer tank.Magnetic valve is the switch controlling fertilising, and meter is used for controlling the consumption of fertilizer.
Described shower nozzle is refraction sprinkler, and shower nozzle place pressure is less than 0.1MPa.Shower nozzle operation principle utilizes the circular interface at discharge pressure rushing nozzle top to go out 360 degree of refractions, water is rain shape (half atomization) drippage ground for another example, the impact of hydraulic pressure impulse force is not had on crops, adjustment Stress control drop size, reduce fogging degree, reduce moisture air evaporation, to reach water saving object.
This device is a kind of farmland water-saving type irrigation method.There is high-efficiency water-saving, energy-efficient, land utilization rate is high, efficiency of productive forces is high, advantage that adaptability is good, adopt low-pressure, truss-like, wide cut to irrigate, easily realize water-fertilizer integral.Pouring irrigation method is adopted to irrigate even, low to crops impact strength.Drenching irrigation technology is be applicable to field crop plantation that is moistening, half moistening, semiarid, drought and water-scarce area, is the most effective Water Saving Irrigation Mode of one, the water of various source of irrigation water can be close to 100% ground and be transported to field.This skilled labour intensity is low, easily is automated control, is particularly useful for field crop irrigation.

Claims (9)

1. one kind drenches filling device, comprise the hydraulic pipeline (3) be connected with water source, the spraying device (2) be communicated with hydraulic pipeline (3), it is characterized in that: also comprise and be arranged on ground truss (1) by telescoping shoring column (4), described hydraulic pipeline (3) is arranged in the inner chamber of truss (1), described hydraulic pipeline (3) is communicated with water source by force pipe, (3) offer multiple water transport port to described hydraulic pipeline, and each water transport port place is connected with spraying device.
2. one according to claim 1 drenches filling device, it is characterized in that: described truss (1) is parallel chord truss.
3. one according to claim 1 drenches filling device, it is characterized in that: described truss (1) is foldable truss.
4. one according to claim 1 drenches filling device, it is characterized in that: described telescoping shoring column (4) bottom is provided with travel wheel (5), described travel wheel (5) is provided with the autopilot of adjustment truss direct of travel.
5. one according to claim 1 drenches filling device, and it is characterized in that: the water transport port on described hydraulic pipeline (3) is arranged at equal intervals, the spacing between adjacent two water transport ports is 60-240cm.
6. one according to claim 1 drenches filling device, it is characterized in that: described spraying device (2) comprises the hollow suspension rod (6) be communicated with the water transport port of hydraulic pipeline (3), the shower nozzle be communicated with hollow suspension rod (6) port of export, the length of described hollow suspension rod (6) is shorter than telescoping shoring column (4).
7. one according to claim 1 drenches filling device, it is characterized in that: this device also comprises controller, sensor, soil moisture content monitoring device, the fertilizer system that is communicated with hydraulic pipeline (3) by pipeline, the measuring junction of described soil moisture content monitoring device is embedded in soil, the output of soil moisture content monitoring device is connected with sensor, and sensor, fertilizer system are all electrically connected with controller.
8. one according to claim 6 drenches filling device, and it is characterized in that: described pipeline is provided with the magnetic valve be electrically connected with controller, described fertilizer system comprises the fertilizer tank by fertilizer pump and pipeline connection, is provided with meter in described fertilizer tank.
9. one according to claim 6 drenches filling device, and it is characterized in that: described shower nozzle is refraction sprinkler, shower nozzle place pressure is less than 0.1MPa.
CN201520768516.0U 2015-09-30 2015-09-30 It puts to drench filling Active CN205105613U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105191562A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-30 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 Spray irrigation device
CN109362312A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-02-22 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 A kind of tea place, orchard intelligence fertilization pesticide spraying system
CN110089402A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-08-06 江苏华源节水股份有限公司 A kind of application method of pipe joint structure truss-like sprinkler car
CN110604039A (en) * 2019-10-22 2019-12-24 江苏华源节水股份有限公司 Using method of truss type spray head vehicle capable of automatically unfolding or folding

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105191562A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-30 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 Spray irrigation device
CN109362312A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-02-22 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 A kind of tea place, orchard intelligence fertilization pesticide spraying system
CN109362312B (en) * 2018-11-20 2021-07-13 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Intelligent fertilizing and pesticide spraying system for tea garden and orchard
CN110089402A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-08-06 江苏华源节水股份有限公司 A kind of application method of pipe joint structure truss-like sprinkler car
CN110089402B (en) * 2019-04-30 2020-12-15 江苏华源节水股份有限公司 Application method of truss type spray head vehicle with pipe joint structure
CN110604039A (en) * 2019-10-22 2019-12-24 江苏华源节水股份有限公司 Using method of truss type spray head vehicle capable of automatically unfolding or folding

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