CN203791336U - Water-saving-type saline-alkali soil improvement device - Google Patents

Water-saving-type saline-alkali soil improvement device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203791336U
CN203791336U CN201420159671.8U CN201420159671U CN203791336U CN 203791336 U CN203791336 U CN 203791336U CN 201420159671 U CN201420159671 U CN 201420159671U CN 203791336 U CN203791336 U CN 203791336U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
improvement
annular
soil
improvement planting
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420159671.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钟江波
应嘉骏
张凌啸
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HANGZHOU ZHONGYI ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
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HANGZHOU ZHONGYI GARDEN ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420159671.8U priority Critical patent/CN203791336U/en
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Publication of CN203791336U publication Critical patent/CN203791336U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a water-saving-type saline-alkali soil improvement device and belongs to the technical field of landscape engineering. The water-saving-type saline-alkali soil improvement device comprises a salt drainage pipe, an improvement planting groove and improvement planting soil, wherein the improvement planting soil is formed by upwards sequentially arranging a stone sand layer, a geomembrane, a neutralization layer, a nutrition layer and a planting layer from the bottom of the improvement planting groove; a breathable mesh is coated on the outer wall of the improvement planting soil, an annular gap is formed between the outer wall of the improvement planting soil and the inner wall of the improvement planting groove, an annular water accumulating groove is formed in the bottom of the annular gap and an annular water guide way with holes is arranged at the top of the annular gap; the salt drainage pipe is positioned in the stone sand layer and communicated with the annular water accumulating groove, a saline-alkali pipe is sheathed with a shaping ring along the length direction, a waterproof layer is arranged on the inner wall of the improvement planting groove, a diversion channel which is higher than edge saline-alkali soil is arranged on the periphery of the top of the annular gap, an annular sprinkling pipe is arranged on the inner periphery of the top of the annular groove, the diversion channel is communicated with a water accumulating tank and the water accumulating tank is connected with the sprinkling pipe. The water-saving type saline-alkali soil improvement device provided by the utility model has the advantages of good saline-alkali improvement effect and water-saving effect.

Description

Water-saving alkaline land improving device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of salt discharge device, relates in particular to a kind of water-saving alkaline land improving device, belongs to garden engineering technology field.
Background technology
Existing alkaline land improving device is on salt-soda soil, to dig out an improvement planting groove, then buries salt discharging pipe with holes, by salt discharging pipe water delivery, saline and alkaline in planting groove is bled back to underground, and then reaches the object of planting groove salt reduction alkali; But which structure is too simple, salt discharge weak effect, the water yield is used large, causes waste; Simultaneously the implants required nutrient of growing in salt-soda soil is few, and the air permeable effect of plant is poor, causes the growth of plant slow, yields poorly; And the plant moisture demand in salt-soda soil is large, need to often irrigate, irrigated area is large, and wants manual operation, very trouble; Easily be stressed excessive and cause its deformation and be embedded in underground saline and alkaline pipe, affect its water delivery, and soil is easily blocked the apopore on saline and alkaline pipe, cause its outlet effect poor, in the mobile arrival planting groove of saline and alkaline meeting in rainy day planting groove salt-soda soil around with water, affect its planting effect, and rainwater can not carry out rationally utilizing very waste.
Utility model content
The utility model, in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides one to be conducive to plant growth, water-saving alkaline land improving device that also can rational utilization of water resources.
To achieve these goals, the utility model is by the following technical solutions: a kind of water-saving alkaline land improving device, comprise salt discharging pipe, improvement planting groove and be located at the improvement planting soil in improvement planting groove, described improvement planting soil is upwards provided with stone sand bed, geomembrane, neutralization layer, nutritive layer and plantation layer successively by improveing planting groove bottom; The coated one deck gas-permeable nets of improvement planting soil outer wall, improvement planting soil outer wall forms an annular space with improvement planting groove inwall, and the bottom of this annular space is provided with the annular water storage tank of being cast by cement, and annular space top is provided with an annular water guide road with holes; Described salt discharging pipe is positioned at stone sand bed, and be communicated with annular water storage tank, saline and alkaline pipe is arranged with setting ring along its length, described improvement planting groove inwall is provided with watertight composition, described annular space top periphery is provided with a honeycomb duct that exceeds salt-soda soil, edge, in cannelure top, be provided with an annular sprinkler pipe week, honeycomb duct is communicated with a water tank, and water tank is connected with sprinkler pipe.The growth that nutritive layer can be planting plants provides enough nutrition, and then improves the speed of growth and the output of plant; Annular space and gas-permeable nets have strengthened the air permeable effect of the root of plant, be conducive to its growth, and gas-permeable nets also can to improvement planting soil play fixing effect, avoid improveing planting soil and be scattered; Annular water storage tank and water tank can be collected rainwater, have saved water resource, and the rainwater of collecting is rationally utilized; Salt discharging pipe is located in stone sand bed, avoids soil to block salt discharging pipe, strengthens its water yield, sprinkler pipe watering evenly, is conducive to the absorption of plant, setting ring is set and avoids salt discharging pipe because of the excessive deformation of pressure, and be provided with connecting axle, make the fixed effect of setting ring better, intensity is higher; Watertight composition can avoid saline and alkaline in salt-soda soil around to infiltrate in improvement planting soil and affect planting site with water; Honeycomb duct exceeds salt-soda soil, edge, can avoid in the time of the rainy day saline and alkaline in salt-soda soil, edge to flow into plantation layer with water, also can avoid the water on surface, salt-soda soil to flow in water tank, the water quality that impact is irrigated.
As preferably, described water tank is positioned at described honeycomb duct below, and honeycomb duct and water tank corresponding position are provided with discharge orifice, and the cross section in described honeycomb duct and annular water guide road is all recessed arc.This is provided with and is beneficial to flowing of water body, the better effects if that makes to collect rainwater.
As preferably, the water inlet end of described salt discharging pipe and sprinkler pipe is respectively equipped with a magnetic valve, in described stone sand bed and plantation layer, be respectively equipped with a pH value detector, in described plantation layer, be provided with a moisture detector, described magnetic valve, pH value detector and moisture detector are all connected with an electric control gear.This setting can be carried out pH value detection to stone sand bed and plantation layer, also can carry out Humidity Detection to plantation layer, and then opening and closing by electric control gear controlled quentity controlled variable magnetic valve, reach the object of automatic control, without artificial interference, more time saving and energy saving, and control accuracy is high, effective, be more conducive to the growth of plant.
In sum, the utlity model has following advantage: annular water storage tank and water tank can be collected rainwater, have saved water resource, and the rainwater of collecting is rationally utilized; Salt discharging pipe water yield is large, and sprinkler pipe watering evenly, is conducive to the absorption of plant; Setting ring is avoided salt discharging pipe deformation; Watertight composition can avoid saline and alkaline in salt-soda soil around to infiltrate in improvement planting soil and affect planting site with water; Honeycomb duct exceeds salt-soda soil, edge, can avoid in the time of the rainy day saline and alkaline in salt-soda soil, edge to flow into plantation layer with water, also can avoid the water on surface, salt-soda soil to flow in water tank, the water quality that impact is irrigated.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model top view;
Fig. 2 is cutaway view of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make those skilled in the art person better understand the utility model scheme, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is carried out to clear, complete description.
As shown in Figure 1-2, a kind of water-saving alkaline land improving device, comprise salt discharging pipe 1, improve planting groove and be located at the improvement planting soil 3 in improvement planting groove, described improvement planting soil 3 is upwards provided with stone sand bed 31 successively by improvement planting groove bottom, geomembrane 32, neutralization layer 33, nutritive layer 34 and plantation layer 35, stone sand bed is made up of stone and sand, geomembrane is an anti-pervious bed, can stop on saline and alkaline and ooze, and neutralization layer is bentonite bed, can be to saline and alkaline neutralization theing creep up from geomembrane edge, nutritive layer is the cauline leaf of rotted plant material and the ight soil of animal, the growth that can be planting plants provides enough nutrition, and then the speed of growth and the output of raising plant, the coated one deck gas-permeable nets 4 of improvement planting soil 3 outer walls, improvement planting soil 3 outer walls form an annular space 5 with improvement planting groove inwall, this arranges the air permeable effect of the root that has strengthened plant, be conducive to its growth, gas-permeable nets is set and also can plays fixing effect to improvement planting soil, avoid improveing planting soil and be scattered, the bottom of annular space 5 is provided with the annular water storage tank 52 of being cast by cement, annular space 5 tops are provided with an annular water guide road 51 with holes, this is arranged on the rainy day and rainwater is collected, the unnecessary water in plantation layer surface can flow in annular water guide road, then flow in annular water storage tank 52 by hole, can collect rainwater, save water resource, described salt discharging pipe 1 is positioned at stone sand bed 31, and is communicated with annular water storage tank 52, and this setting can rationally utilize the rainwater of collecting, and is arranged in stone sand bed simultaneously, avoids soil to block salt discharging pipe, strengthens its water yield, saline and alkaline pipe 1 is arranged with setting ring 13 along its length, setting ring is set and can plays setting effect to saline and alkaline pipe, avoids it because of the excessive deformation of pressure, described improvement planting groove inwall is provided with watertight composition 2, can avoid saline and alkaline in salt-soda soil around to infiltrate in improvement planting soil and affect planting site with water, described annular space 5 top peripheries are provided with a honeycomb duct 6 that exceeds salt-soda soil, edge, in cannelure 5 tops, be provided with an annular sprinkler pipe 7 week, honeycomb duct 6 is communicated with a water tank 8, water tank 8 is connected with sprinkler pipe 7, honeycomb duct is set can be collected and enter water tank rainwater, then the plant of plantation is irrigated, save water resource, also rationally utilized rainwater simultaneously, honeycomb duct exceeds salt-soda soil, edge, can avoid in the time of the rainy day saline and alkaline in salt-soda soil, edge to flow into plantation layer with water, also can avoid the water on surface, salt-soda soil to flow in water tank, the water quality that impact is irrigated, sprinkler pipe watering evenly, be conducive to the absorption of plant.
Concrete, described water tank 8 is positioned at described honeycomb duct 6 belows, and honeycomb duct 6 is provided with discharge orifice 61 with water tank 8 corresponding positions, and the cross section in described honeycomb duct 6 and annular water guide road 51 is all recessed arc, this is provided with and is beneficial to flowing of water body, the better effects if that makes to collect rainwater.
Further, the water inlet end of described salt discharging pipe 1 and sprinkler pipe 7 is respectively equipped with a magnetic valve, in described stone sand bed 31 and plantation layer 35, be respectively equipped with a pH value detector, in described plantation layer 35, be provided with a moisture detector, described magnetic valve, pH value detector and moisture detector are all connected with an electric control gear, this setting also can be carried out pH value detection to stone sand bed and plantation layer, also can carry out Humidity Detection to plantation layer, and then opening and closing by electric control gear controlled quentity controlled variable magnetic valve, reach the object of automatic control, without artificial interference, more time saving and energy saving, and control accuracy is high, effective, more be conducive to the growth of plant, described controller utilizes solar energy to power, not only environmental protection, also solve part region power supply inconvenient limitation has been set.
Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present utility model, instead of whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtaining under creative work prerequisite, all should belong to the scope of the utility model protection.

Claims (3)

1. a water-saving alkaline land improving device, comprise salt discharging pipe (1), improvement planting groove and be located at the improvement planting soil (3) in improvement planting groove, it is characterized in that: described improvement planting soil (3) is upwards provided with stone sand bed (31), geomembrane (32), neutralization layer (33), nutritive layer (34) and plantation layer (35) successively by improvement planting groove bottom; The coated one deck gas-permeable nets (4) of improvement planting soil (3) outer wall, improvement planting soil (3) outer wall forms an annular space (5) with improvement planting groove inwall, the bottom of this annular space (5) is provided with the annular water storage tank (52) of being cast by cement, and annular space (5) top is provided with an annular water guide road (51) with holes; Described salt discharging pipe (1) is positioned at stone sand bed (31), and be communicated with annular water storage tank (52), saline and alkaline pipe (1) is arranged with setting ring (13) along its length, described improvement planting groove inwall is provided with watertight composition (2), described annular space (5) top periphery is provided with a honeycomb duct (6) that exceeds salt-soda soil, edge, in cannelure (5) top, be provided with an annular sprinkler pipe (7) week, honeycomb duct (6) is communicated with a water tank (8), and water tank (8) is connected with sprinkler pipe (7).
2. water-saving alkaline land improving device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described water tank (8) is positioned at described honeycomb duct (6) below, honeycomb duct (6) is provided with discharge orifice (61) with water tank (8) corresponding position, and the cross section in described honeycomb duct (6) and annular water guide road (51) is all recessed arc.
3. water-saving alkaline land improving device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the water inlet end of described salt discharging pipe (1) and sprinkler pipe (7) is respectively equipped with a magnetic valve, in described stone sand bed (31) and plantation layer (35), be respectively equipped with a pH value detector, in described plantation layer (35), be provided with a moisture detector, described magnetic valve, pH value detector and moisture detector are all connected with an electric control gear.
CN201420159671.8U 2014-04-02 2014-04-02 Water-saving-type saline-alkali soil improvement device Expired - Fee Related CN203791336U (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105144890A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-16 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Saline-alkali soil improving structure
CN105855280A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-08-17 盛世园林集团股份有限公司 Improvement method for highway medium separation area snow-melting agent salt damage soil
CN105874953A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-08-24 河海大学 Improvement device and method for coastal mud flat salt-affected soil
CN105993656A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-10-12 安徽普氏生态环境工程有限公司 Water-saving environment-friendly roof greening device
CN106376270A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Sustainably improved planting structure of saline and alkaline land
CN106376428A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Saline-alkali improving and drainage system with novel water collection tank
CN106376271A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Method for continuously improving saline-alkali soil
CN106664860A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-17 重庆恒佳工程技术咨询有限公司 Land governance system for saline-alkali lands in desert areas
CN106818164A (en) * 2017-01-19 2017-06-13 北京乾景园林股份有限公司 A kind of salt-soda soil arbor implantation methods
CN106962003A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-07-21 南京茹茵生物科技有限公司 A kind of water conservation, every salt planting lawn matrix and using its planting is drought-enduring, salt tolerant ecological grassplot method
CN110161211A (en) * 2019-05-10 2019-08-23 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 Simulate the experimental rig that secondary saline-alkali water generates process
CN110883078A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-03-17 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 Soil remediation device and remediation method based on environmental protection
CN111097790A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-05-05 鞍钢集团矿业有限公司 Method for repairing saline-alkali soil by using salt discharge pipe, iron tailings and modifier

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105144890A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-16 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Saline-alkali soil improving structure
CN105874953A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-08-24 河海大学 Improvement device and method for coastal mud flat salt-affected soil
CN105874953B (en) * 2016-04-22 2019-03-12 河海大学 A kind of coastal tidal improving saline soil device and modification method
CN105855280B (en) * 2016-05-27 2019-01-08 盛世生态环境股份有限公司 Point modification method with deicing salt salt damage soil in a kind of highway
CN105855280A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-08-17 盛世园林集团股份有限公司 Improvement method for highway medium separation area snow-melting agent salt damage soil
CN105993656A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-10-12 安徽普氏生态环境工程有限公司 Water-saving environment-friendly roof greening device
CN106376428A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Saline-alkali improving and drainage system with novel water collection tank
CN106376271A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Method for continuously improving saline-alkali soil
CN106376270A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Sustainably improved planting structure of saline and alkaline land
CN106818164A (en) * 2017-01-19 2017-06-13 北京乾景园林股份有限公司 A kind of salt-soda soil arbor implantation methods
CN106664860A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-17 重庆恒佳工程技术咨询有限公司 Land governance system for saline-alkali lands in desert areas
CN106962003A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-07-21 南京茹茵生物科技有限公司 A kind of water conservation, every salt planting lawn matrix and using its planting is drought-enduring, salt tolerant ecological grassplot method
CN110161211A (en) * 2019-05-10 2019-08-23 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 Simulate the experimental rig that secondary saline-alkali water generates process
CN110883078A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-03-17 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 Soil remediation device and remediation method based on environmental protection
CN111097790A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-05-05 鞍钢集团矿业有限公司 Method for repairing saline-alkali soil by using salt discharge pipe, iron tailings and modifier

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GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: HANGZHOU ZHONGYI ECO-ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING CO.,

Free format text: FORMER NAME: HANGZHOU ZHONGYI LANDSCAPE ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: Hangzhou City, Zhejiang province 310019 nine Jianggan District Sheng nine Town Road No. 9

Patentee after: HANGZHOU ZHONGYI ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

Address before: Hangzhou City, Zhejiang province 310019 nine Jianggan District Sheng nine Town Road No. 9

Patentee before: Hangzhou Zhongyi Garden Engineering Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140827

Termination date: 20200402

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee