CN102726274A - Siphon irrigation pipeline and crop energy-saving irrigation method based on same - Google Patents

Siphon irrigation pipeline and crop energy-saving irrigation method based on same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102726274A
CN102726274A CN2011100929550A CN201110092955A CN102726274A CN 102726274 A CN102726274 A CN 102726274A CN 2011100929550 A CN2011100929550 A CN 2011100929550A CN 201110092955 A CN201110092955 A CN 201110092955A CN 102726274 A CN102726274 A CN 102726274A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
irrigation
pipeline
siphon
water
adopts
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011100929550A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董义
吴昊
刘斯宇
蒋甜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Post and Telecommunication University
Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications
Original Assignee
Nanjing Post and Telecommunication University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Post and Telecommunication University filed Critical Nanjing Post and Telecommunication University
Priority to CN2011100929550A priority Critical patent/CN102726274A/en
Publication of CN102726274A publication Critical patent/CN102726274A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a siphon irrigation pipeline and a crop energy-saving irrigation method based on the same, wherein one end of the siphon irrigation pipeline is a water diversion end; the other end of the siphon irrigation pipeline is an irrigation end; a pipeline filler is arranged in the pipeline; the pipeline filler is made of water absorption material; the pipeline at the water diversion end is a pvc (Polyvinyl Chloride) water pipe; and the pipe wall of the pipeline at the irrigation end is a permeable pipe wall. The irrigation method disclosed by the invention is based on the siphon principle; the high-water absorbability fibre is filled in the pipeline; the pipeline at the irrigation tail end is in the form of a leakage net; as a section of height difference exists between a pool and a field, continuous pressure difference exists in the water pipe according to the siphon principle, so that irrigation without external force is realized. According to the invention, the problems of being easy for blockage of the traditional drop irrigation drop head and higher in cost are solved; the energy consumption is reduced; and the irrigation uniformity is high.

Description

A kind of siphon irrigation conduit reaches based on the energy-conservation irrigation method of the crops of this pipeline
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural with irrigation conduit and irrigation method.
Background technology
Irrigate is exactly to plant the crops other plant with rainwater other water sources in addition.Main irrigation form is flood irrigation, sprinkling irrigation, center-pivot sprinkler, drip irrigation at present.Flood irrigation needs the ditching canal, compares waste water resource, needs more labour, and let you deliberately cause subterranean water level too high, makes the salinization of soil; Sprinkling irrigation is not easy to irrigate equably whole irrigated area, and water is deposited stream causes mould easily on the blade face breeding, if chemical fertilizer is arranged in the irrigation water, can cause the blade face to burn at the strong weather of hot sunlight; The drip irrigation easy blocking can make the whole system can't operate as normal when serious, even scraps.So how to solve avoid spraying, restrictive condition that the modern times such as drip irrigation irrigate is the technical problem of needing solution badly.
Summary of the invention
Patent of the present invention technical problem to be solved is to overcome traditional drip irrigation emitter easy blocking, and the cost problem of higher, and a kind of method based on siphon irrigation conduit and infiltration irrigation thereof is provided.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme for solving above technical problem:
A kind of siphon irrigation conduit, an end of said pipeline are that diversion end, the other end are held for irrigating, and in pipeline, comprise the pipeline filler, and said pipeline filler is an absorbent material; Said diversion end pipeline adopts the pvc water pipe, and the tube wall of irrigating the end pipeline adopts the infiltration tube wall.
Preferably, siphon irrigation conduit of the present invention, said absorbent material adopts can realize siphonage generation high hygroscopicity fibre.
Preferably, siphon irrigation conduit of the present invention, said high hygroscopicity fibre adopts anticorrosion sponge.
The present invention also provides a kind of crops energy-conservation irrigation method, comprises the steps:
Steps A is made the siphon irrigation conduit, fills absorbent material in the said siphon irrigation conduit, comprises the diversion end, irrigates end, and said diversion end pipeline adopts the pvc water pipe, and the tube wall of irrigating the end pipeline adopts the infiltration tube wall;
Step B, the diversion end of the siphon irrigation conduit that steps A is completed are positioned in the water intaking pond, irrigate the root that end is embedded in crops in the soil;
Step C, when crops were irrigated, the hydrocone type automatic irrigation was accomplished in water filling in the water intaking pond.
Further, in the energy-conservation irrigation method of aforementioned crops, absorbent material adopts the high hygroscopicity fibre that can realize that siphonage takes place.
The present invention adopts above technical scheme to have the following advantages:
Water-saving: drip irrigation system seldom has along journey seepage and evaporation loss all by pipeline water delivery; Drip irrigation belongs to localized irrigation, near the part soil when pouring water the general only moistening crop root, and the flow of pouring water is little, is difficult for taking place rainwash and deep percolation; In addition, drip irrigation can need to supply water by plant growth timely and appropriately, and than other irrigation methods, the availability of water is higher.
Energy-conservation: this energy-conservation irrigation method adopts no external force realization diversion to go into the purpose that the field is irrigated; Saved the energy consumption of using water pump in irrigating; Have because infiltration is irrigated than surface irrigation holy water more, the availability of irrigation water is high, concerning irrigation by pumping, this means and has reduced energy consumption.
Pour water evenly: this irrigation method can accomplish to control effective utilization that each irrigates end effectively, and according to characteristics design pipeline disposing way separately, uniformity of irrigation water appilcation is high.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the sketch map of siphon irrigation conduit;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of siphon irrigation conduit;
Fig. 3 is the realization sketch map of energy-conservation irrigation method.
Label among the figure: 1. absorbent material, 2. irrigation pipe tube wall.
Specific embodiments:
Patent of the present invention realizes irrigating the making that can be divided into the siphon irrigation conduit, three steps are irrigated in placement and the completion that siphon is irrigated.
Like Fig. 1, shown in 2, an end of pipeline is that diversion end, the other end are held for irrigating, and in pipeline, comprises the pipeline filler, and the pipeline filler is an absorbent material; Diversion end pipeline adopts the pvc water pipe, and the tube wall of irrigating the end pipeline adopts the infiltration tube wall.
Absorbent material adopts can realize siphonage generation high hygroscopicity fibre, can select anticorrosion sponge or other organic water-absorbing materials for use, to achieve the goal.
Siphon piping is divided into conduit pipe and irrigation conduit; Be that diversion is partly accomplished diversion and gone into the field, irrigate the characteristic that part accomplishes through the infiltration tube wall and realize irrigating, fill the high-hydroscopicity absorbent material in this siphon piping; The diversion end of siphon irrigation conduit is placed pipeline; After the other end places the soil root, because the effect of difference in height can realize not having the external force diversion and go into the field.
As shown in Figure 3, when placing, pipeline only needs to be positioned over an end in the water intaking pond, and the other end is embedded in the root of crops in the soil, and requiring has one section difference in height to get final product;
Irrigation method is as shown in Figure 3, can realize through the control of irrigating, and is about to water filling in the tank; Because the effect of difference in height, the height according to the water yield control tank of required irrigation has water in the tank; Irrigate beginning; Water exhausts in the tank, irrigates and finishes, and can realize that promptly not having the external force diversion goes into the field.

Claims (5)

1. siphon irrigation conduit, an end of said pipeline be diversion end, the other end for irrigating end, it is characterized in that: in pipeline, comprise the pipeline filler, said pipeline filler is an absorbent material; Said diversion end pipeline adopts the pvc water pipe, and the tube wall of irrigating the end pipeline adopts the infiltration tube wall.
2. siphon irrigation conduit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said absorbent material adopts the high hygroscopicity fibre that can realize that siphonage takes place.
3. siphon irrigation conduit according to claim 2 is characterized in that: said high hygroscopicity fibre adopts anticorrosion sponge.
4. the energy-conservation irrigation method of crops is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
Steps A is made the siphon irrigation conduit, fills absorbent material in the said siphon irrigation conduit, comprises the diversion end, irrigates end, and said diversion end pipeline adopts the pvc water pipe, and the tube wall of irrigating the end pipeline adopts the infiltration tube wall;
Step B, the diversion end of the siphon irrigation conduit that steps A is completed are positioned in the water intaking pond, irrigate the root that end is embedded in crops in the soil;
Step C, when crops were irrigated, the hydrocone type automatic irrigation was accomplished in water filling in the water intaking pond.
5. the energy-conservation irrigation method of crops according to claim 4 is characterized in that: said absorbent material adopts the high hygroscopicity fibre that can realize that siphonage takes place.
CN2011100929550A 2011-04-14 2011-04-14 Siphon irrigation pipeline and crop energy-saving irrigation method based on same Pending CN102726274A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100929550A CN102726274A (en) 2011-04-14 2011-04-14 Siphon irrigation pipeline and crop energy-saving irrigation method based on same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100929550A CN102726274A (en) 2011-04-14 2011-04-14 Siphon irrigation pipeline and crop energy-saving irrigation method based on same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102726274A true CN102726274A (en) 2012-10-17

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Family Applications (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104041382A (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-09-17 西北农林科技大学 Barrel-shaped micropore labyrinth drip irrigation tape and processing method thereof
CN105340703A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-24 余启佳 Automatic water absorption method of potted pomegranate
CN105766567A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-07-20 邓洋 Pressure-free irrigation device
CN106234175A (en) * 2015-06-13 2016-12-21 梁桂清 A kind of method collecting rainwater drip irrigation drought-resistant and fertilizer

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU990147A1 (en) * 1981-08-05 1983-01-23 Государственное Специальное Конструкторское Бюро По Механизации Ирригационно-Мелиоративных Работ И Поливов Хлопчатника Главного Среднеазиатского Управления По Ирригации И Строительству Совхозов Watering unit
CN86202137U (en) * 1986-04-08 1987-10-03 赵传华 Movable drip irrigation apparatus with a adjustable siphon
JPS63185320A (en) * 1987-01-26 1988-07-30 Kubota Ltd Irrigation apparatus for low pressure head
EP0539997A1 (en) * 1991-10-30 1993-05-05 Minoru Kubota Negative pressure-difference water supply system
CN2349768Y (en) * 1997-12-18 1999-11-24 杨俊奎 Soil air permeation moisture retention flower pot
US6178984B1 (en) * 1996-12-26 2001-01-30 Maurice Amsellem Self-priming siphon, in particular for irrigation
CN1475105A (en) * 2003-07-10 2004-02-18 刘连山 Capillary infiltrating irrigation device
CN201754693U (en) * 2010-06-10 2011-03-09 同济大学 Convenient flower growing device
CN201957530U (en) * 2011-04-14 2011-09-07 南京邮电大学 Siphon irrigation pipe

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU990147A1 (en) * 1981-08-05 1983-01-23 Государственное Специальное Конструкторское Бюро По Механизации Ирригационно-Мелиоративных Работ И Поливов Хлопчатника Главного Среднеазиатского Управления По Ирригации И Строительству Совхозов Watering unit
CN86202137U (en) * 1986-04-08 1987-10-03 赵传华 Movable drip irrigation apparatus with a adjustable siphon
JPS63185320A (en) * 1987-01-26 1988-07-30 Kubota Ltd Irrigation apparatus for low pressure head
EP0539997A1 (en) * 1991-10-30 1993-05-05 Minoru Kubota Negative pressure-difference water supply system
US6178984B1 (en) * 1996-12-26 2001-01-30 Maurice Amsellem Self-priming siphon, in particular for irrigation
CN2349768Y (en) * 1997-12-18 1999-11-24 杨俊奎 Soil air permeation moisture retention flower pot
CN1475105A (en) * 2003-07-10 2004-02-18 刘连山 Capillary infiltrating irrigation device
CN201754693U (en) * 2010-06-10 2011-03-09 同济大学 Convenient flower growing device
CN201957530U (en) * 2011-04-14 2011-09-07 南京邮电大学 Siphon irrigation pipe

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104041382A (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-09-17 西北农林科技大学 Barrel-shaped micropore labyrinth drip irrigation tape and processing method thereof
CN104041382B (en) * 2014-06-13 2015-11-11 西北农林科技大学 Tubular micropore labyrinth drip irrigating belt and processing method
CN106234175A (en) * 2015-06-13 2016-12-21 梁桂清 A kind of method collecting rainwater drip irrigation drought-resistant and fertilizer
CN105340703A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-24 余启佳 Automatic water absorption method of potted pomegranate
CN105766567A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-07-20 邓洋 Pressure-free irrigation device
CN105766567B (en) * 2016-04-07 2020-01-17 邓洋 Non-pressure irrigation device

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Application publication date: 20121017