CN203435487U - Water-saving irrigation system - Google Patents

Water-saving irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203435487U
CN203435487U CN201320546592.8U CN201320546592U CN203435487U CN 203435487 U CN203435487 U CN 203435487U CN 201320546592 U CN201320546592 U CN 201320546592U CN 203435487 U CN203435487 U CN 203435487U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
irrigation
saving irrigation
sump
furrow
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320546592.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛永福
Original Assignee
薛永福
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 薛永福 filed Critical 薛永福
Priority to CN201320546592.8U priority Critical patent/CN203435487U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203435487U publication Critical patent/CN203435487U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The utility model provides a water-saving irrigation system. The water-saving irrigation system comprises a reservoir which is arranged below the ground. A pressure water sump communicated with the reservoir through a water pump is arranged on the ground. The water outlet of the pressure water sump is connected with drip irrigation pipes. The drip irrigation pipes are downwards installed in furrows of an irrigated field. Water collecting grooves are formed in ditches of the furrows. Water collecting wells are arranged on the end portions of the water collecting grooves. According to the water-saving irrigation system, the drip irrigation pipes are downwards installed in the furrows of the irrigated field, so that evaporation of surface water is effectively reduced, and irrigation water resources are greatly saved; the water collecting grooves are formed in the ditches of the furrows, so that abundant water can be well supplied to crops; the water collecting wells are arranged on the end portions of the furrows, so that evaporation of precipitation amount is reduced, winter snow is accumulated, water can be pumped into the furrows again, and water resources are reutilized to be supplied to the crops especially during drought; the rights and obligations of using, maintaining and managing the water-saving irrigation system are assigned to houses, and therefore the advantages of the water-saving irrigation system can be exerted to the maximum and the water-saving irrigation system has high value in the production process.

Description

A kind of water-saving irrigation system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of irrigation system, relates in particular to a kind of water-saving irrigation system.
Background technology
Irrigate mainly by following several method at present: the one, flood irrigation, flood irrigation needs ditching canal, the plant growth of aligning in furrow, water enters farmland along channel, and along furrow growth, flood irrigation easily causes some places water many, the hydropenic phenomenon of some places, have a strong impact on the uniformity coefficient of pouring water, be difficult to control irrigated area area, and a large amount of evaporations of moisture and loss, serious waste water resource, need more labour, also easily cause subterranean water level too high, the salinization of soil; The 2nd, sprinkling irrigation, sprinkling irrigation is by pipeline, water to be delivered to the shower nozzle that is arranged in field to spray, the water of ejection dispenses in earth's surface and is easy to evaporate the much moisture that causes damage, especially when having the weather of wind, can not irrigate equably whole irrigated area, current exist on blade face and cause easily mold propagates, if there is chemical fertilizer in irrigation water, the weather strong at hot sunlight can cause blade face calcination.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is for problems of the prior art, and a kind of water-saving irrigation system is provided.
A kind of water-saving irrigation system of the present utility model, comprise the cistern that is arranged on below ground, be provided with on the ground the pressure sump being communicated with cistern by water pump, the delivery port of described pressure sump is connected with drip irrigation pipe, and this drip irrigation pipe is arranged on downwards by the furrow of sewage farming; In the ditch of furrow, be provided with water leg, the end of water leg is provided with sump.
The gradient of described furrow is 20~25 °.
Described furrow is " V " type.
The domatic mulch film that is provided with of described furrow.
In order to effectively utilize catchmenting, described sump is communicated with furrow by water pump.
In order to prevent impurity clogging drip irrigation pipe, the entrance of described sump is provided with filter tip.
In order to prevent impurity clogging drip irrigation pipe, the outlet pipe of described pressure sump is provided with filter tip.
The relative prior art of the utility model has the following advantages:
1, drip irrigation pipe of the present utility model is arranged on downwards in the furrow of sewage farming, has effectively reduced earth's surface evaporation of water, has realized even irrigation field, has greatly saved irrigation water resource.
2, in furrow ditch of the present utility model, be provided with water leg, can guarantee well that crops water supply is abundant; The end of furrow is provided with sump, has reduced the evaporation of precipitation, and savings winter snows can be by water suction furrow again, and second using water source, while especially damage caused by a drought occurring, for supply crops.
3, cistern of the present utility model is strong to the restraining ability that is filled with water of river, when strong wind carrys out temporarily valve-off immediately, greatly reduces the lodging degree of crop windburn, also can contain when crop does not need water and water the crop excessive growth that surface water causes.
4, pressure sump of the present utility model utilizes natural pressure, has overcome the high-lift electric quantity consumption of well water; Due to flowing often of water in pressure sump, so reduced greatly the pollution of water.
5, the utility model simple structure, it is to distribute by family that its use, maintenance, management authority and obligation are distributed, thereby makes it give play in process of production maximum ability and the value of Geng Gao.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, a kind of water-saving irrigation system of the present utility model is described in further detail.
A kind of water-saving irrigation system as shown in Figure 1, comprises the cistern 1 that is arranged on below ground, is provided with on the ground the pressure sump 2 being communicated with cistern 1 by water pump, and the outlet pipe of pressure sump 2 is provided with filter tip 5; The delivery port of pressure sump 2 is connected with drip irrigation pipe 6, and this drip irrigation pipe 6 is arranged on downwards by the furrow 9 of sewage farming, and the gradient of furrow 9 is 20~25 °, is " V " type, the domatic mulch film that is provided with of furrow 9; In the ditch of furrow 9, be provided with water leg 3, the end of water leg 3 is provided with sump 4, and sump 4 is communicated with furrow 9 by water pump 8; The entrance of sump 4 is provided with filter tip.
Cistern 1 is a trapezoidal solids cistern, it be 3.9 meters of below grounds deeply, upper base is long and wide is respectively 23 meters and 10 meters, going to the bottom long and wide is respectively 13 meters and 3.3 meters, capacity is about 533.16 cubic metres.Cistern 1 is domatic is 15 centimeters of thick concrete front covers, has below front cover discharge water plastic foil or asphalt felt of one deck to guarantee the minimum, and it is that the chain link fence of 1.5 meters escorts that cistern 1 surrounding has height, and fencing material is advisable with the concrete frame of steel wire punching.
Pressure sump 2 is the cuboid sump 2 of 3 meters of being above the ground level, and length is 9 meters, and wide is 6 meters, and height is 1.9 meters, and capacity is 102.6 cubic metres; Pressure sump 2 walls are built into concrete brick, and delivery port is installed by filter tip 5 in case impurity clogging drip irrigation pipe 6 in cabin.
Cistern 1 is about 635.76 cubic metres with pressure sump 2 total capacities, and total Water drip irrigation is 2-3 time/10 mu, and flood irrigation is 1 time/10 mu., evaporation anti-freeze along the dual-purpose film of lid on cistern 1 and pressure sump 2.
When crop does not need to water, the river first upstream being come holds in cistern 1, treats that damage caused by a drought is next interim, then by the water suction pressure sump 2 in cistern 1, with pressure sump 2 and the pressure that ground level produces, makes the water in pressure sump 2 flow into drip irrigation pipe 6.
On level land, work out the gradient and be the furrow 9 of " V " types of 20~25 degree, two of furrow 9 are domatic adds up to 10 meters wide.Furrow 9 is all equipped with mulch film, is provided with water leg 3 in ditch, the corresponding crops of each water leg 3.Domatic whole real leveling, the two ends of furrow 9 respectively put be deeper than 1 meter of bottom of trench walling crib as sump 4.Dark 2.5 meters of sump 4,1 meter of bore, shaft bottom envelope is real, well head is added a cover, and the filter tip that rainwater of well mouth installation enters is convenient to rainwater free from admixture and is entered, and lays the concrete prefabricated circle of finished product in sump 4, and well head water inlet place adds a sedimentation basin.When containing the Pluvial, in the inflow well that catchments of the furrow 9 of " V " type, store; When damage caused by a drought is arrived, the retaining of 4 li of sumps is crop supply, supply mode can adopt drip irrigation.Furrow 9 bottoms of trench of " V " type can be planted the plant of well developed root system, as: Radix Glycyrrhizae, clover; The plantation form of " V " type collection rain rill is more suitable for scale wine-growing.
During work, the flow direction that in figure, arrow is water, river is put into cistern 1, again by water pump 7 suction pressure sump 2 for water in pond, in pressure sump 2, be filled with water and flow into drip irrigation pipe 6 with natural pressure, then flow to furrow 9 and give crops generation, water is through furrow 9, cover water leg 3, unnecessary water flows into sump and utilizes for 4 two times; When cistern 1 water yield is when sufficient, can be directly therefrom with the pump flood irrigation of drawing water.

Claims (7)

1. a water-saving irrigation system, comprise the cistern (1) that is arranged on below ground, be provided with on the ground the pressure sump (2) being communicated with cistern (1) by water pump, the delivery port of described pressure sump (2) is connected with drip irrigation pipe (6), it is characterized in that: this drip irrigation pipe (6) is arranged on downwards by the furrow of sewage farming (9); In the ditch of furrow (9), be provided with water leg (3), the end of water leg (3) is provided with sump (4).
2. a kind of water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the gradient of described furrow (9) is 20~25 °.
3. a kind of water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: described furrow (9) is " V " type.
4. a kind of water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: the domatic mulch film that is provided with of described furrow (9).
5. a kind of water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described sump (4) is communicated with furrow (9) by water pump (8).
6. a kind of water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: the entrance of described sump (4) is provided with filter tip.
7. a kind of water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: the outlet pipe of described pressure sump (2) is provided with filter tip (5).
CN201320546592.8U 2013-09-04 2013-09-04 Water-saving irrigation system Expired - Fee Related CN203435487U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320546592.8U CN203435487U (en) 2013-09-04 2013-09-04 Water-saving irrigation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320546592.8U CN203435487U (en) 2013-09-04 2013-09-04 Water-saving irrigation system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203435487U true CN203435487U (en) 2014-02-19

Family

ID=50086570

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320546592.8U Expired - Fee Related CN203435487U (en) 2013-09-04 2013-09-04 Water-saving irrigation system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203435487U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105028122A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-11-11 成都科创佳思科技有限公司 Irrigation device for landscape
CN105638297A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-06-08 无锡享受人生有机果蔬专业合作社 Automatic drainage irrigation system for seed bed
CN107494195A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-12-22 安徽建筑大学 A kind of water-saving irrigation system using central air conditioning condensed water

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105028122A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-11-11 成都科创佳思科技有限公司 Irrigation device for landscape
CN105638297A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-06-08 无锡享受人生有机果蔬专业合作社 Automatic drainage irrigation system for seed bed
CN107494195A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-12-22 安徽建筑大学 A kind of water-saving irrigation system using central air conditioning condensed water

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140219

Termination date: 20150904

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model