CN204616612U - Hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system - Google Patents

Hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204616612U
CN204616612U CN201520304587.5U CN201520304587U CN204616612U CN 204616612 U CN204616612 U CN 204616612U CN 201520304587 U CN201520304587 U CN 201520304587U CN 204616612 U CN204616612 U CN 204616612U
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water
water supply
tube
branch pipe
hillside fields
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CN201520304587.5U
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王胜
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Weifang Yourong Industry Co Ltd
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Weifang Yourong Industry Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system, relate to field irrigation technical field, the rainer comprising water source, water supply installation and be connected with water supply installation, water supply installation comprises the water supply line be connected with water source and the booster pump be arranged on water supply line; Rainer comprises one and traverses in hillside fields eminence and the main pipeline be communicated with institute waterpipe, main pipeline is communicated with many along the domatic branch pipe(tube) extended from high to low, every root branch pipe(tube) is equipped with many standpipes vertical with branch pipe(tube), standpipe upper end is provided with high-pressure nozzle, and the caliber of every root branch pipe(tube) is reduced to the other end gradually by the one end be connected with main pipeline.This hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system can control injection flow rate and uniformity, avoids producing surface runoff and deep percolation loss, soil is not produced wash away, the destruction such as salinization of soil, thus keep the granular structure of soil, make loosing soil porous, air capacity of soils is good, is conducive to increasing crop yield.

Description

Hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to field irrigation technical field, particularly relates to a kind of hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system.
Background technology
Sprinkling irrigation is that the water of pressure that has pressurizeed by water pump or natural-drop is formed is delivered to field by pressure pipeline, then is ejected in the air through shower nozzle, forms fine liquid particles, trickles down equably in farmland, reaches a kind of irrigation method of irrigating object.Sprinkler irrigation technique has water-saving, volume increase, saving labour, improves land utilization rate and prevents the advantage of soil erosion, salinization of soil, sprays to the strong adaptability of landform.
The natural-drop in general hillside fields is irrigated in existing hillside fields, and trench digging repaiies canal diversion to hillside fields, or buried pipeline diversion is to hillside fields, by whole for water flood irrigation hillside fields.This irrigation method duty is uneven, and waste great lot of water resources, easily makes water and soil loss, and soil fertility declines.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system, this system can control injection flow rate and uniformity, avoid producing surface runoff and deep percolation loss, soil is not produced wash away, the destruction such as salinization of soil, thus keep the granular structure of soil, make loosing soil porous, air capacity of soils is good, is conducive to increasing crop yield.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system, the rainer comprising water source, water supply installation and be connected with described water supply installation, described water supply installation comprises the water supply line be connected with described water source and the booster pump be arranged on described water supply line; Described rainer comprises one and traverses in hillside fields eminence and the main pipeline be communicated with described water supply line, described main pipeline is communicated with many along the domatic branch pipe(tube) extended from high to low, branch pipe(tube) described in every root is equipped with many standpipes vertical with described branch pipe(tube), described standpipe upper end is provided with high-pressure nozzle, and the caliber of branch pipe(tube) described in every root is reduced to the other end gradually by the one end be connected with described main pipeline.
As a kind of improved plan, the described water supply line being positioned at described booster pump downstream position is provided with filter.
As a kind of improved plan, the described water supply line being positioned at described filter downstream position is provided with flowmeter.
As a kind of improved plan, with on the described main pipeline of described water supply line connection, main water valve is installed.
As a kind of improved plan, and each described branch pipe(tube) of described main pipeline connection is all provided with water valve.
As a kind of improved plan, each described standpipe be arranged on adjacent two described branch pipe(tube)s is interval-staggered.
As a kind of improved plan, described main pipeline, described branch pipe(tube) and described standpipe are pvc pipe or PE pipe.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
A kind of hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system, the rainer comprising water source, water supply installation and be connected with water supply installation, water supply installation comprises the water supply line be connected with water source and the booster pump be arranged on water supply line; Rainer comprises one and traverses in hillside fields eminence and the main pipeline be communicated with water supply line, main pipeline is communicated with many along the domatic branch pipe(tube) extended from high to low, every root branch pipe(tube) is equipped with many standpipes vertical with branch pipe(tube), standpipe upper end is provided with high-pressure nozzle, and the caliber of every root branch pipe(tube) is reduced to the other end gradually by the one end be connected with main pipeline.This hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system makes irrigation range throughout every nook and cranny, hillside fields, irrigates evenly, can not produce destructions such as washing away to soil; The caliber of every root branch pipe(tube) is reduced to the other end gradually by the one end be connected with main pipeline, the problem that the pressure that counteracting causes because flow in downstream branch conduit road diminishes reduces, make each high-pressure nozzle injection flow rate on standpipe as far as possible consistent, reduce the flow deviation between each high-pressure nozzle, obtain the satisfied uniformity and efficiency of pouring water.The water at water source is transported in water supply line by charger boost by the utility model hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system from the above, field is delivered to again through main pipeline and branch pipe(tube), finally be ejected in the air by high-pressure nozzle, form fine liquid particles, trickle down equably in farmland, reach the object of uniform irrigation.Hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system has water-saving, volume increase, saving labour, improves land utilization rate and prevents the advantage of soil erosion, salinization of soil, sprays to the strong adaptability of landform, is conducive to increasing crop yield.
Due to be positioned at booster pump downstream position water supply line on filter is installed, the impurity such as the sandstone in water source can be filtered out, be beneficial to corrective maintenance and maintenance, extension device service life.
Due to be positioned at described filter downstream position described water supply line on flowmeter is installed, the confession water inventory in the unit interval can be read, agricultural personnel can according to read determine this block ground for water inventory and irrigation effect need regimen condition, irrigation time is determined when next time irrigates to facilitate, both the too short water absorption of crop that causes of irrigation time can have been prevented inadequate, affect plant growth, irrigation time can be prevented again long, formed flood, reduce the permeability of crop root soil, and cause water and soil loss.The use of flowmeter can make root of the crop layer keep preferably moisture state, can reduce deep layer water leakage again, can also prevent the Secondary Saline caused because subterranean water level rises in the area of the salinization of soil, improves the water use efficiency of agricultural irrigation.
Because each described standpipe be arranged on adjacent two described branch pipe(tube)s is interval-staggered, pipeline is made to reach comprehensive covering everywhere, uniform irrigation.
Because main pipeline, branch pipe(tube) and standpipe are pvc pipe or PE pipe, not only inner wall smooth, the loss of flood peak is little and with low cost, and construction easily, and can adapt to certain differential settlement.
In sum, the utility model hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system can control to hillside fields sprinkling irrigation injection flow rate and uniformity, avoid producing surface runoff and deep percolation loss, soil is not produced wash away, the destruction such as salinization of soil, thus keep the granular structure of soil, make loosing soil porous, air capacity of soils is good, is conducive to increasing crop yield.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the layout sketch of rainer;
Wherein: 1-water source, 2-water supply installation, 21-water supply line, 22-booster pump, 23-filter, 24-flowmeter, 3-rainer, 31-main pipeline, 32-branch pipe(tube), 33-standpipe, 34-high-pressure nozzle, the main water valve of 35-, 36-props up water valve.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
For convenience of explanation (but not being so limited), by system, certain is a bit defined as the downstream position of this point along the position after water (flow) direction relatively.
As shown in Figure 1, the rainer 3 that hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system comprises water source 1, water supply installation 2 and is connected with water supply installation 2, water supply installation 2 comprises the water supply line 21 be connected with water source 1 and the booster pump 22 be arranged on water supply line 21, the water supply line 21 in booster pump 22 downstream is provided with successively filter 23, flowmeter 24.The water at water source 1 is transported in water supply line 21 by charger boost by this hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system, then is ejected in the air through rainer 3, forms fine liquid particles, trickles down equably in farmland, reach irrigation object.Filter 23 can filter out the impurity such as the sandstone in water source 1, is beneficial to corrective maintenance and maintenance, extension device service life; Flowmeter 24 can read the confession water inventory in the unit interval, agricultural personnel can according to read determine this block ground for water inventory and irrigation effect need regimen condition, irrigation time is determined when next time irrigates to facilitate, both the too short water absorption of crop that causes of irrigation time can have been prevented inadequate, affect plant growth, irrigation time can be prevented again long, formed flood, reduce the permeability of crop root soil, and cause water and soil loss.The use of flowmeter can make root of the crop layer keep preferably moisture state, can reduce deep layer water leakage again, can also prevent the Secondary Saline caused because subterranean water level rises in the area of the salinization of soil, improves the water use efficiency of agricultural irrigation.
As shown in Figure 2, rainer 3 comprises one and traverses in hillside fields eminence and the main pipeline 31 be communicated with water supply line, main pipeline 31 is provided with many along the domatic branch pipe(tube) 32 extended from high to low, every root branch pipe(tube) 32 is equipped with many standpipes 33 vertical with described branch pipe(tube), standpipe 33 upper end is provided with high-pressure nozzle 34, the caliber of branch pipe(tube) 32 is reduced to the other end gradually by the one end be connected with described main pipeline, the problem that the pressure that counteracting causes because flow in downstream branch conduit diminishes reduces, make each shower nozzle injection flow rate on arm as far as possible consistent, the flow deviation between each shower nozzle can be reduced, obtain the satisfied uniformity and efficiency of pouring water.Be provided with main water valve 35 between main pipeline 31 and water supply line 21, be provided with a water valve 36 between branch pipe(tube) 32 and main pipeline 31, the standpipe 33 interval dislocation on adjacent branch pipe(tube) side by side 32 is arranged.
Main pipeline 31, branch pipe(tube) 32 and standpipe 33 are pvc pipe or PE pipe, not only inner wall smooth, and the loss of flood peak is little and with low cost, and construction easily, and can adapt to certain differential settlement.
Water after supercharging delivers to branch pipe(tube) 32 through the main pipeline 31 of rainer 3, is finally ejected into by the high-pressure nozzle 34 of standpipe 33 upper end and trickles down in farmland in the air, reach irrigation object.Because the standpipe 33 interval dislocation on adjacent described branch pipe(tube) 32 is side by side arranged, reach all standing, uniform irrigation.This system makes irrigation range throughout every nook and cranny, hillside fields, makes irrigation even, can not produce destructions such as washing away to soil; The cross section of branch pipe(tube) 32 is diminished gradually by front end terminad, can reduce the flow deviation between shower nozzle, obtains the satisfied uniformity and efficiency of pouring water.
Sprinkling irrigation can also regulate field microclimate, increases near surface formation air humidity, reduces temperature, be conducive to the growth of crop, can also wash away the dust on cauline leaf, be beneficial to respiration and the photosynthesis of crop in hot season.
In sum, the utility model hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system can control to hillside fields sprinkling irrigation injection flow rate and uniformity, avoid producing surface runoff and deep percolation loss, soil is not produced wash away, the destruction such as salinization of soil, thus keep the granular structure of soil, make loosing soil porous, air capacity of soils is good, is conducive to increasing crop yield.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system, the rainer comprising water source, water supply installation and be connected with described water supply installation, is characterized in that:
Described water supply installation comprises the water supply line be connected with described water source and the booster pump be arranged on described water supply line;
Described rainer comprises one and traverses in hillside fields eminence and the main pipeline be communicated with described water supply line, described main pipeline is communicated with many along the domatic branch pipe(tube) extended from high to low, branch pipe(tube) described in every root is equipped with many standpipes vertical with described branch pipe(tube), described standpipe upper end is provided with high-pressure nozzle, and the caliber of branch pipe(tube) described in every root is reduced to the other end gradually by the one end be connected with described main pipeline.
2. hillside fields according to claim 1 water-saving spray irrigation system, is characterized in that: the described water supply line being positioned at described booster pump downstream position is provided with filter.
3. hillside fields according to claim 2 water-saving spray irrigation system, is characterized in that: the described water supply line being positioned at described filter downstream position is provided with flowmeter.
4. hillside fields according to claim 3 water-saving spray irrigation system, is characterized in that: be provided with main water valve with on the described main pipeline of described water supply line connection.
5. hillside fields according to claim 4 water-saving spray irrigation system, is characterized in that: with each described branch pipe(tube) of described main pipeline connection is all provided with water valve.
6. the hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system according to the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 5, is characterized in that: each described standpipe be arranged on adjacent two described branch pipe(tube)s is interval-staggered.
7. hillside fields according to claim 6 water-saving spray irrigation system, is characterized in that: described main pipeline, described branch pipe(tube) and described standpipe are pvc pipe or PE pipe.
CN201520304587.5U 2015-05-12 2015-05-12 Hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system Active CN204616612U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105230167A (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-01-13 潍坊友容实业有限公司 System for improving coastal severe saline-alkali soil and constructing vegetation
CN106069635A (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-11-09 成都育芽科技有限公司 A kind of flower planting automatic irrigation system
CN106212209A (en) * 2016-08-10 2016-12-14 新疆博林科技发展有限责任公司 The manufacture method of propagation water injection system
CN106804276A (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-06-09 凤冈县领益昕中药材种植有限公司 The cultural method of balloonflower root
CN107889571A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-04-10 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Hillside fields saline-alkali soil greening rehydration method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105230167A (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-01-13 潍坊友容实业有限公司 System for improving coastal severe saline-alkali soil and constructing vegetation
CN105230167B (en) * 2015-10-12 2017-03-01 潍坊友容实业有限公司 A kind of heavy salinized land soil in strand and vegetation construction system
CN106069635A (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-11-09 成都育芽科技有限公司 A kind of flower planting automatic irrigation system
CN106212209A (en) * 2016-08-10 2016-12-14 新疆博林科技发展有限责任公司 The manufacture method of propagation water injection system
CN106804276A (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-06-09 凤冈县领益昕中药材种植有限公司 The cultural method of balloonflower root
CN107889571A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-04-10 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Hillside fields saline-alkali soil greening rehydration method

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