CN112005856A - Shallow buried sprinkler - Google Patents

Shallow buried sprinkler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112005856A
CN112005856A CN202010962988.5A CN202010962988A CN112005856A CN 112005856 A CN112005856 A CN 112005856A CN 202010962988 A CN202010962988 A CN 202010962988A CN 112005856 A CN112005856 A CN 112005856A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shallow
buried
pipes
pipe
vertical
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CN202010962988.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
璧佃搐
赵贤
Original Assignee
王娟
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Priority to CN202010962988.5A priority Critical patent/CN112005856A/en
Publication of CN112005856A publication Critical patent/CN112005856A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention relates to a shallow-buried sprinkling irrigation machine, which aims to solve the problem that buried pipes cannot be used for irrigation and comprises a horizontally long water distribution box used for extending downwards to connect a motor-pumped well, wherein the middle regulating valve and the two side regulating valves communicated with the water distribution box are respectively communicated with shallow-buried transverse main pipes, each transverse main pipe is at least symmetrically communicated with at least two adjacent spaced shallow-buried longitudinal branch pipes through a cross joint and a tee joint, and the longitudinal main pipe end communicated with the regulating valves at the two ends of the water distribution box is symmetrically communicated with the shallow-buried transverse branch pipes corresponding to the longitudinal branch pipe end in the shallow-buried middle through the tee joint; the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes and the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes are respectively and uniformly communicated with and extend out of the ground sprinkling irrigation vertical pipe at intervals, and the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes are arranged at the longitudinal spaced opposite positions of the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes and are provided with end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes; the longitudinal adjacent distance of the sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes is smaller than the line distance between the adjacent shallow buried vertical branch pipes. The underground spray irrigation pipeline has the advantages that when water is sown and irrigated normally, the underground spray irrigation pipeline can be frozen for irrigation, the spray irrigation quality is good, the efficiency is high, the water conservancy project is saved, and the underground spray irrigation pipeline can not be frozen in winter.

Description

Shallow buried sprinkler
Technical Field
The invention relates to a farmland sprinkling irrigation device, in particular to a shallow-buried sprinkling irrigation machine.
Background
In the inner Mongolia semiarid cold region where the applicant is located, most of farmland crops can not be irrigated. The existing overhead sprinkling irrigation comprises the following steps: 1. when the soil bottom is not wet enough, the conditions of overlarge sprinkling irrigation strength and low soil infiltration capacity are easy to occur, and the problem that the soil surface layer is very wet and the bottom layer is not wet enough can be caused. 2. Is susceptible to wind. When the sprinkler irrigation is carried out, wind exists, the water loss can be increased, and meanwhile, the shape of a nappe and the spraying distance can be changed by the wind, so that the water receiving quantity is uneven. 3. Large water evaporation and low water utilization rate. 4. Four corners of the circular pointer sprinkler are lost, which are influenced by high slopes and ground obstacles; the reel sprinkling machine is time-consuming, the number of hired workers is large, and the reel sprinkling machine cannot resist wind; the small-sized sprinkling irrigation machine needs manual moving, time and labor are wasted, spray heads have overlarge water drops, short seedling stage crops are sprayed, and the high yield of the crops can not be realized due to lodging. Large-scale translation sprinkling irrigation machine: high cost, high requirement on the terrain and poor adaptability. Compared with overhead sprinkler irrigation, the existing underground sprinkler irrigation has a lot of advantages, but in the area where the applicant is located (the thickness of a frozen layer can reach 1.5 meters in winter when the north latitude is about 43 degrees): when water for seedling emergence is sowed normally, pipelines buried underground are not thawed, so that farmers delay sowing for 10-15 days later, and early sowing in spring is a key for increasing yield of agricultural planting, so that the method cannot be popularized and applied.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art and provides a shallow-buried sprinkler which can be used for thawing irrigation by a sprinkler pipe buried underground when water for seedling is sowed and watered normally.
In order to achieve the purpose, the shallow-buried sprinkler comprises a vertical pipe for extending and connecting an output pipe of a motor-pumped well downwards, wherein the upper end of the vertical pipe is communicated with a horizontally long water distribution box, two long side edges of the water distribution box are respectively communicated with a middle regulating valve and two side regulating valves which are symmetrical on two sides of the middle regulating valve, two short side ends of the water distribution box are communicated with symmetrical two end regulating valves, the middle regulating valve and the two side regulating valves are respectively further communicated with a shallow-buried transverse main pipe which is vertical to the long axis of the water distribution box, each shallow-buried transverse main pipe is symmetrically communicated with at least two adjacent spaced shallow-buried longitudinal branch pipes through a four-way joint and a three-way joint, the two end regulating valves are respectively communicated with a shallow-buried longitudinal main pipe, and the ends of the shallow-buried longitudinal main pipes are symmetrically communicated with shallow; the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes and the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes are respectively and uniformly communicated with sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes extending out of the ground at intervals, the upper ends of the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes are provided with spray nozzles, and the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes are arranged at the longitudinal opposite positions of the ends of the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes at intervals, and are provided with end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes with spray nozzles; the longitudinal adjacent distance of the sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes is smaller than the line distance between the adjacent shallow buried vertical branch pipes. After the ground surface on the shallow buried pipe is defrosted, a mulching film is covered to improve the ground temperature. Or covering a black soil layer on the ground surface of the shallow buried pipe to improve the ground temperature, and covering a mulching film after the ground surface is thawed to further improve the ground temperature. All the vertical sprinkling irrigation pipes are uniformly distributed on the ground arranged on the shallow-buried sprinkling irrigation machine at intervals, and the longitudinal adjacent distance of the vertical sprinkling irrigation pipes is smaller than the line spacing between the adjacent shallow-buried vertical branch pipes. The longitudinal adjacent distance of the sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes is 18 meters, and the row spacing between the adjacent shallow buried vertical branched pipes is 20 meters. All shallow buried pipes are PE formula anti-freezing pipes. The transverse long water distribution box is a transverse long pipe type water distribution box with two ends plugged, and the transverse long pipe is a transverse long round pipe. The spray head is an A-type 20 type spray head which can spray water into the air to become fine raindrops. The front or the back of each regulating valve is respectively connected with a flowmeter in series. The shallow-buried sprinkler of the invention has shallow buried pipelines, has quick temperature rise in spring compared with deep burying, can melt as early as possible, uses well water with the water temperature obviously higher than the water temperature of the ground surface in the same season, is more favorable for thawing, sprays water into the air to become fine rain drops, improves the water temperature, falls on plant leaves and stems, and solves the problems of drought and autumn coldness. The underground spray irrigation pipeline has the advantages that when water is sown and irrigated normally, the underground spray irrigation pipeline can be frozen for irrigation, the spray irrigation quality is good, the efficiency is high, the water conservancy project is saved, and the underground spray irrigation pipeline can not be frozen in winter.
Preferably, the shallow burying means that the distance between the shallow burying pipe and the ground is 40 cm or less than 40 cm. The water distribution tank is upwards communicated with an antifreeze filling regulating valve, and the antifreeze filling regulating valve is upwards connected with an antifreeze filling groove or a filling tank. The antifreezing agent is urea or a urea aqueous solution. And (4) filling after the last sprinkling irrigation, and injecting the water into the shallow buried pipeline by pressurizing through a submersible pump so as to reduce the freezing temperature of the water in the shallow buried pipeline. The filling tank or the filling tank can also be used for filling applied water-soluble fertilizer or water-soluble or water-mixed pesticide. The flow meters are respectively connected in series in front of or behind each regulating valve, and the volume of the sprinkling irrigation branch pipeline regulated by each regulating valve is respectively marked on each flow meter.
Preferably, the distance between the shallow buried pipe and the ground is less than 40 cm, the distance between the shallow buried pipe and the ground level is 40 cm, and a groove in the shallow buried pipe along the trend of the shallow buried pipe is dug above the shallow buried pipe and used for reducing the buried depth of the shallow buried pipe. After the ground surface is defrosted in early spring, a mulching film or a black soil layer is covered on the upper groove of the shallow buried pipe to accelerate the ground temperature increase.
Preferably, the depth of the groove above the shallow buried pipe is 5-15 cm. The depth of the groove above the shallow buried pipe is 7-10 cm. Shallow buried vertical branched pipe and shallow buried pipe top slot are the east-west trend. The shallow buried pipe is covered with a black soil layer on the groove, and then covered with a mulching film after the surface of the shallow buried pipe is defrosted in early spring, so as to accelerate the improvement of the ground temperature.
As optimization, the vertical sprinkling irrigation pipes are longitudinally distributed on the adjacent shallow-buried longitudinal branch pipes in a staggered manner, and the shallow-buried transverse branch pipes are provided with vertical staggered end vertical sprinkling irrigation pipes corresponding to the vertical staggered sprinkling irrigation pipes at the shallow-buried longitudinal branch pipes.
As optimization, all the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes communicated with the shallow buried main transverse pipes are provided with 2N-1 equal-interval sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes, the upper long half section of one shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe is provided with N equal-interval sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes, and the lower short half section corresponding to the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe is provided with N-1 equal-interval sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes; the upper half section of the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe of the adjacent channel is provided with N-1 equal-spacing sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes, the lower half section corresponding to the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe is provided with N equal-spacing sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes, and the shallow buried end transverse branch pipe is provided with a longitudinal dislocation end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipe corresponding to the longitudinal dislocation sprinkling irrigation vertical pipe at the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe end.
And as optimization, end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes for spacing the row spacing of the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes are directly and indirectly arranged on the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes, and end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes directly connected with the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes and end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes indirectly connected with the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes are alternately arranged in sequence, wherein the end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes correspond to the longitudinal spacing of the long half-section end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes of the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes, and the end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes are indirectly connected with the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes through longitudinal extension pipes.
As optimization, two long side edges of the water distribution box are respectively connected with the middle regulating valve and the two side regulating valves through side extension pipes; the middle shallow buried transverse main pipe connected with the middle regulating valve and the two side shallow buried transverse main pipes connected with the two side regulating valves are respectively connected to at least two shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes which are sequentially and adjacently spaced from far to near through a tee joint and at least one four-way symmetrical through. The length of the middle shallow-buried transverse main pipe connected with the middle regulating valve is greater than the length of the two side shallow-buried transverse main pipes connected with the two side regulating valves which are immediately adjacent to the two sides of the middle regulating valve, and the length of the two side shallow-buried transverse main pipes connected with the two side regulating valves which are farther away from the middle regulating valve is shorter, for example, the length of the two side shallow-buried transverse main pipes connected with the two side end regulating valves which are adjacent to the middle regulating valve at intervals is less than the length of the two side shallow-buried transverse main pipes connected with the two side adjacent regulating valves which. And two symmetrical or corresponding sides are shallowly buried in the transverse main pipe, one is longer than the other.
Preferably, the length of the middle side extension pipe connected with the middle regulating valve is larger than that of the two side extension pipes connected with the two side regulating valves, and the length of the two side extension pipes connected with the two side regulating valves which are farther away from the middle regulating valve is shorter. For example, the length of the two side extension tubes connected to the two side end regulating valves spaced adjacent to the intermediate regulating valve is less than the length of the two side extension tubes connected to the two side immediately adjacent regulating valves directly adjacent to the intermediate regulating valve.
The two long sides and the short sides of the water distribution box are respectively communicated with a side extending pipe and an end extending pipe, the side extending pipes are respectively communicated with a middle regulating valve and two side regulating valves through flanges, the end extending pipes are communicated with two end regulating valves through flanges, and the middle regulating valve, the two side regulating valves and the two end regulating valves are respectively communicated with a shallow buried transverse main pipe and a shallow buried longitudinal main pipe through flanges. The side extension pipe and the end extension pipe are provided with flowmeters.
The invention is a motor-pumped well in the middle of 200 mu land, the main valve is arranged on the well mouth not larger than , the valve is opened in the well house to irrigate 200 mu land for two days, and the valve can be moved to irrigate the land; the auxiliary pipe is provided with a water outlet, the water outlet is connected with a vertical rod, the upper opening of the vertical rod is connected with an A-type 20-type spray head, and sprayed rain drops are fine and do not generate open flow and damage to seedlings. The row spacing of the buried water outlets is 20 meters, the spacing of the spray heads is 18 meters, one set of the sprinkler can be opened controllably to 26 mu to 30 mu, and one person can pour 7 upturned soil in 14 hours. The spray head can spray in the forms of heavy rain, medium rain, light rain and fine rain. The water distribution box can generate large, medium, small and fine raindrops after being provided with flow regulation, and can also spray pesticide and fertilize. Long service life and convenient use. The main characteristics are as follows: 1. water conservation: calculated according to the water consumption per mu, the underground water is saved by 46 percent per mu. 2. Labor saving: once investment, simple installation and no need of annual replacement. Meanwhile, synchronous sprinkling irrigation of the fertilizer and the pesticide is realized, and labor force is effectively saved. 3. High efficiency: one person can operate multiple wells for 1000 mu at one time, and labor is saved. 4. Yield increase: the shallow-buried sprinkler can control the water spraying amount, keep soil loose and breathable, simultaneously wash away dust on leaf surfaces, and ensure that the leaf surfaces can carry out photosynthesis more fully, thereby being beneficial to growth and achieving yield increase. 5. The adaptability is strong: the device is applicable to various terrains without being limited by terrains, and can be installed regardless of the area, the slope, the uneven fluctuation, the regular shape and the obstacles.
The shallow-buried sprinkler of the invention has shallow buried pipelines, has quick temperature rise in spring compared with deep burying, can melt as early as possible, uses well water with the water temperature obviously higher than the water temperature of the ground surface in the same season, is more favorable for thawing, sprays water into the air to become fine rain drops, improves the water temperature, falls on plant leaves and stems, and solves the problems of drought and autumn coldness. And solves the four problems of the autumn word: the mid-volt middle term is the early autumn. The first 'autumn' word: the temperature difference in the daytime is too large (38-40 ℃ in the daytime and 18-22 ℃ in the evening), tracking observation and tests show that when the temperature difference exceeds 18-22 ℃, large-area corns can not grow normally, the method sprays water into the air to become fine raindrops, the water temperature is improved, and the problem of autumn characters of the first person is solved. The second is autumn: the drought wind in the inner Mongolia plateau is slightly scraped, the moisture of all plants in the area is slightly taken away, and the yield of large-area corns and other crops is greatly reduced. The third is autumn: the invention sprays water into the air to become fine rain drops which fall on plant blades and stems, obviously improves the wind resistance and the friction impact resistance of the upper tips and the blades of the corns, and solves the third autumn character problem. The fourth word "autumn": when the cold wind blows at night in autumn about 9 months and 20 months, the cold wind directly turns into frost in severe cases, and the yield in the current year is directly influenced; the invention adopts well water with more than 10 degrees of temperature which is obviously higher than the ground surface water temperature in the same season to spray, can obviously improve the field temperature and avoid the frost disaster of late-maturing crops. Four characters of 'autumn' are the natural phenomena in the area where the inventor is located, and the yield of the corn in a large area is always 1400 jin-1700 jin without breakthrough. The shallow-buried sprinkler of the invention solves the four-autumn-shaped problems, and increases the yield of corn by 400 jin to 800 jin per mu on the basis of the original yield.
By adopting the technical scheme, the shallow-buried sprinkler has the advantages that when water is sown and watered normally, the sprinkling irrigation pipeline buried underground can be defrosted for irrigation, the sprinkling irrigation quality is good, the efficiency is high, the water conservancy is saved, and the sprinkling irrigation pipeline buried underground cannot be defrosted in winter.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a head part of the shallow-buried sprinkler of the present invention, and fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a whole shallow-buried sprinkler of the present invention.
Detailed Description
As shown in the figure, the shallow buried sprinkler comprises a vertical pipe 1 for downwards extending and connecting an output pipe of a submersible pump well, wherein the upper end of the vertical pipe 1 is communicated with a transverse long pipe type water distribution box 2 with two blocked ends, two long side edges of the water distribution box 2 are respectively communicated with a middle regulating valve 31 and two side regulating valves 32 which are symmetrical on two sides of the middle regulating valve 31, two short side ends of the water distribution box 2 are communicated with two symmetrical end regulating valves 33, the middle regulating valve 31 and the two side regulating valves 32 are respectively further communicated with shallow buried transverse main pipes 4 which are vertical to the long axis of the water distribution box 2, each shallow buried transverse main pipe 4 is symmetrically communicated with at least two adjacent spaced buried longitudinal branch pipes 5 through a cross joint and a tee joint, the shallow buried longitudinal main pipes 33 are respectively communicated with shallow buried longitudinal main pipes 6, and the ends of the shallow buried longitudinal main pipes 6 are symmetrically communicated with shallow buried transverse branch pipes 7 which correspond to the ends of the shallow; the shallow buried longitudinal branched pipe 5 and the shallow buried end transverse branched pipe 7 are respectively communicated with each other at intervals and uniformly to extend out of the ground, the upper end of the shallow buried end transverse branched pipe 7 is provided with a sprinkling irrigation vertical pipe 8 with a sprayer, and the upper end of the shallow buried end transverse branched pipe 7 is provided with an end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipe 8 with a sprayer at the longitudinal interval opposite position of the end of the shallow buried longitudinal branched pipe 5; the longitudinal adjacent distance of the sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes 8 is smaller than the row spacing between the adjacent shallow buried longitudinal branched pipes 5. All the vertical sprinkling irrigation pipes 8 are uniformly distributed on the ground arranged on the shallow buried sprinkling irrigation machine at intervals, and the longitudinal adjacent distance of the vertical sprinkling irrigation pipes 8 is smaller than the line spacing between the adjacent shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes 5. The longitudinal adjacent distance of the sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes 8 is 18 meters, and the row spacing between the adjacent shallow buried vertical branched pipes 5 is 20 meters. All shallow buried pipes are PE formula anti-freezing pipes. The spray head is an A-type 20 type spray head which can spray water into the air to become fine raindrops. After the ground surface on the shallow buried pipe is defrosted, a mulching film is covered to improve the ground temperature. The earth surface on the shallow buried pipe is covered with a black soil layer to improve the earth temperature, and a mulching film is covered after the earth surface is defrosted to further improve the earth temperature. The transverse long water distribution box is a transverse long pipe type water distribution box with two ends plugged, and the transverse long pipe is a transverse long round pipe. The front or the back of each regulating valve is respectively connected with a flowmeter in series.
The shallow buried means that the distance between the shallow buried pipe and the ground is 40 cm or less than 40 cm. The distance between the shallow buried pipe and the ground is less than 40 cm: the distance between the shallow buried pipe and the ground level is 40 cm, and a shallow buried pipe upper groove along the trend of the shallow buried pipe is dug above the shallow buried pipe to reduce the buried depth of the shallow buried pipe. The depth of the groove above the shallow buried pipe is 5-15 cm. The depth of the groove above the shallow buried pipe is 7-10 cm. Shallow buried vertical branched pipe and shallow buried pipe top slot are the east-west trend. The water distribution tank is upwards communicated with an antifreeze filling regulating valve, and the antifreeze filling regulating valve is upwards connected with an antifreeze filling groove or a filling tank. The antifreezing agent is urea or a urea aqueous solution. After the last sprinkling irrigation and the filling, the water is pressurized and injected into the shallow buried pipeline through the submersible pump, and the freezing temperature of the water in the shallow buried pipeline is reduced. The filling tank or the filling tank can also be used for filling applied water-soluble fertilizer or water-soluble or water-mixed pesticide. The flow meters are respectively connected in series in front of or behind each regulating valve, and the volume of the sprinkling irrigation branch pipeline regulated by each regulating valve is respectively marked on each flow meter.
The vertical sprinkling irrigation pipes 8 are longitudinally distributed on the adjacent shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes 5 in a staggered way, and the shallow buried end transverse branch pipe 7 is provided with a vertical staggered end vertical sprinkling irrigation pipe 8 corresponding to the vertical staggered sprinkling irrigation pipe 8 at the end of the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe 5. All the shallow buried vertical branched pipes 5 communicated with the shallow buried main transverse pipe 4 are provided with 2N-1 equal-spacing sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes 8, the upper long half section of one shallow buried vertical branched pipe 5 is provided with N equal-spacing sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes 8, and the lower short half section corresponding to the upper long half section is provided with N-1 equal-spacing sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes 8; the upper half section of the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe 5 of the adjacent channel is provided with N-1 equidistant vertical sprinkling irrigation pipes 8, the lower half section corresponding to the upper half section is provided with N equidistant vertical sprinkling irrigation pipes 8, and the shallow buried end transverse branch pipe 7 is provided with a vertical staggered end vertical sprinkling irrigation pipe 8 corresponding to the vertical staggered vertical sprinkling irrigation pipe 8 at the end of the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe 5. The shallow buried end horizontal branch pipe 7 is provided with end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes 8 with the row spacing of the shallow buried vertical branch pipes at intervals, and the end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes 8 directly connected with the shallow buried end horizontal branch pipes 7 corresponding to the long half-section end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes 8 of the shallow buried vertical branch pipe 5 in the longitudinal interval and the end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes 8 indirectly connected with the shallow buried end horizontal branch pipes 7 corresponding to the short half-section end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes 8 of the shallow buried vertical branch pipe 5 in the longitudinal interval are alternately arranged in sequence.
Two long side edges of the water diversion box 2 are respectively connected with a middle regulating valve 31 and two side regulating valves 32 through side extension pipes 3; the middle shallow buried transverse main pipe 4 connected with the middle regulating valve 31 and the two side shallow buried transverse main pipes 4 connected with the two side regulating valves 32 are respectively connected to at least two shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes 5 which are sequentially and adjacently spaced from far to near through a tee joint and at least one four-way symmetrical through. The length of the middle shallow buried transverse main pipe 4 connected to the middle regulating valve 31 is greater than the length of the two side shallow buried transverse main pipes 4 connected to the two side regulating valves 32 immediately adjacent to each other on both sides of the middle regulating valve, and the length of the two side shallow buried transverse main pipes 4 connected to the two side regulating valves 32 farther from the middle regulating valve 31 is shorter, for example, the length of the two side shallow buried transverse main pipes 4 connected to the two side regulating valves 32 adjacent to the middle regulating valve 31 at intervals is less than the length of the two side shallow buried transverse main pipes 4 connected to the two side immediately adjacent regulating valves directly adjacent to the middle regulating valve 31. And two symmetrical or corresponding sides are shallowly buried in the transverse main pipe, one is longer than the other.
The length of the middle extension pipe 3 connected to the middle regulating valve 31 is greater than the length of the two side extension pipes 3 connected to the two side regulating valves 32, and the length of the two side extension pipes 3 connected to the two side regulating valves 32 farther from the middle regulating valve 31 is shorter. For example, the length of the both-side extension pipe 3 connected to the both-side end regulating valve which is spaced apart from and adjacent to the intermediate regulating valve 31 is smaller than the length of the both-side extension pipe 3 connected to the both-side immediately adjacent regulating valve which is directly adjacent to the intermediate regulating valve 31. The two long sides and the short sides of the water diversion box 2 are respectively communicated with a side extension pipe 3 and an end extension pipe 30, the side extension pipe 3 is respectively communicated with a middle regulating valve 31 and two side regulating valves 32 through a flange, the end extension pipe 30 is communicated with two end regulating valves 33 through a flange, and the middle regulating valve 31, the two side regulating valves 32 and the two end regulating valves 33 are respectively communicated with a shallow buried transverse main pipe 4 and a shallow buried longitudinal main pipe 6 through a flange. After the ground surface is defrosted in early spring, a mulching film or a black soil layer is covered on the upper groove of the shallow buried pipe to accelerate the ground temperature increase. Preferably, a black soil layer covers the upper groove of the shallow buried pipe, and a mulching film is covered after the ground surface is defrosted in early spring to accelerate the increase of the ground temperature. The side extension pipe and the end extension pipe are provided with flowmeters.
The invention is a motor-pumped well in the middle of 200 mu land, the main valve is arranged on the well mouth not larger than , the valve is opened in the well house to irrigate 200 mu land for two days, and the valve can be moved to irrigate the land; the auxiliary pipe is provided with a water outlet, the water outlet is connected with a vertical rod, the upper opening of the vertical rod is connected with an A-type 20-type spray head, and sprayed rain drops are fine and do not generate open flow and damage to seedlings. The row spacing of the buried water outlets is 20 meters, the spacing of the spray heads is 18 meters, one set of the sprinkler can be opened controllably to 26 mu to 30 mu, and one person can pour 7 upturned soil in 14 hours. The spray head can spray in the forms of heavy rain, medium rain, light rain and fine rain. The water distribution box can generate large, medium, small and fine raindrops after being provided with flow regulation, and can also spray pesticide and fertilize. Long service life and convenient use. The main characteristics are as follows: 1. water conservation: calculated according to the water consumption per mu, the underground water is saved by 46 percent per mu. 2. Labor saving: once investment, simple installation and no need of annual replacement. Meanwhile, synchronous sprinkling irrigation of the fertilizer and the pesticide is realized, and labor force is effectively saved. 3. High efficiency: one person can operate multiple wells for 1000 mu at one time, and labor is saved. 4. Yield increase: the shallow-buried sprinkler can control the water spraying amount, keep soil loose and breathable, simultaneously wash away dust on leaf surfaces, and ensure that the leaf surfaces can carry out photosynthesis more fully, thereby being beneficial to growth and achieving yield increase. 5. The adaptability is strong: the device is applicable to various terrains without being limited by terrains, and can be installed regardless of the area, the slope, the uneven fluctuation, the regular shape and the obstacles.
The shallow-buried sprinkler of the invention has shallow buried pipelines, has quick temperature rise in spring compared with deep burying, can melt as early as possible, uses well water with the water temperature obviously higher than the water temperature of the ground surface in the same season, is more favorable for thawing, sprays water into the air to become fine rain drops, improves the water temperature, falls on plant leaves and stems, and solves the problems of drought and autumn coldness. And solves the four problems of the autumn word: the mid-volt middle term is the early autumn. The first 'autumn' word: the temperature difference in the daytime is too large (38-40 ℃ in the daytime and 18-22 ℃ in the evening), tracking observation and tests show that when the temperature difference exceeds 18-22 ℃, large-area corns can not grow normally, the method sprays water into the air to become fine raindrops, the water temperature is improved, and the problem of autumn characters of the first person is solved. The second is autumn: the drought wind in the inner Mongolia plateau is slightly scraped, the moisture of all plants in the area is slightly taken away, and the yield of large-area corns and other crops is greatly reduced. The third is autumn: the invention sprays water into the air to become fine rain drops which fall on plant blades and stems, obviously improves the wind resistance and the friction impact resistance of the upper tips and the blades of the corns, and solves the third autumn character problem. The fourth word "autumn": when the cold wind blows at night in autumn about 9 months and 20 months, the cold wind directly turns into frost in severe cases, and the yield in the current year is directly influenced; the invention adopts well water with more than 10 degrees of temperature which is obviously higher than the ground surface water temperature in the same season to spray, can obviously improve the field temperature and avoid the frost disaster of late-maturing crops. Four characters of 'autumn' are the natural phenomena in the area where the inventor is located, and the yield of the corn in a large area is always 1400 jin-1700 jin without breakthrough. The shallow-buried sprinkler of the invention solves the four-autumn-shaped problems, and increases the yield of corn by 400 jin to 800 jin per mu on the basis of the original yield.
In a word, the shallow-buried sprinkler has the advantages that when water is sowed and watered normally, the sprinkling irrigation pipeline buried underground can be defrosted for irrigation, the sprinkling irrigation quality is good, the efficiency is high, the water conservancy project is saved, and the sprinkling irrigation pipeline buried underground can not be defrosted in winter.

Claims (10)

1. A shallow-buried sprinkling irrigation machine is characterized by comprising a vertical pipe for extending and connecting an output pipe of a motor-pumped well downwards, wherein the upper end of the vertical pipe is communicated with a horizontally long water distribution box, two long side edges of the water distribution box are respectively communicated with a middle regulating valve and two side regulating valves which are symmetrical on two sides of the middle regulating valve, two short side ends of the water distribution box are communicated with symmetrical two end regulating valves, the middle regulating valve and the two side regulating valves are respectively further communicated with a shallow-buried transverse main pipe which is vertical to the long axis of the water distribution box, each shallow-buried transverse main pipe is at least symmetrically communicated with at least two adjacent spaced shallow-buried longitudinal branch pipes through a cross joint and a tee joint, the two end regulating valves are respectively communicated with a shallow-buried longitudinal branch pipe, and the buried longitudinal main pipe end is symmetrically communicated with a shallow-buried transverse branch pipe corresponding; the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes and the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes are respectively and uniformly communicated with sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes extending out of the ground at intervals, the upper ends of the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes are provided with spray nozzles, and the shallow buried end transverse branch pipes are arranged at the longitudinal opposite positions of the ends of the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes at intervals, and are provided with end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes with spray nozzles; the longitudinal adjacent distance of the sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes is smaller than the line distance between the adjacent shallow buried vertical branch pipes.
2. The shallow-buried sprinkler according to claim 1, wherein the shallow buried means that the distance between the shallow buried pipe and the ground is 40 cm or less than 40 cm.
3. The shallow-buried sprinkler according to claim 2, wherein the distance between the shallow buried pipe and the ground is less than 40 cm, the distance between the shallow buried pipe and the ground level is 40 cm, and a groove on the shallow buried pipe along the direction of the shallow buried pipe is dug above the shallow buried pipe.
4. A shallow-buried sprinkler as claimed in claim 3, characterised in that the depth of the channel above the shallow buried pipe is 5-15 cm.
5. The shallow-buried sprinkler according to claim 1, characterized in that the sprinkler riser is longitudinally staggered on the adjacent shallow-buried longitudinal branch pipe, and the shallow-buried end lateral branch pipe is provided with a longitudinal staggered end sprinkler riser corresponding to the shallow-buried longitudinal branch pipe end longitudinal staggered sprinkler riser.
6. The shallow-buried sprinkler according to claim 5, characterized in that all the shallow-buried vertical branch pipes communicated with the shallow-buried main horizontal pipe are provided with 2N-1 equi-spaced sprinkler vertical pipes, the upper half section of one shallow-buried vertical branch pipe is provided with N equi-spaced sprinkler vertical pipes, and the lower half section corresponding to the upper half section is provided with N-1 equi-spaced sprinkler vertical pipes; the upper half section of the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe of the adjacent channel is provided with N-1 equal-spacing sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes, the lower half section corresponding to the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe is provided with N equal-spacing sprinkling irrigation vertical pipes, and the shallow buried end transverse branch pipe is provided with a longitudinal dislocation end sprinkling irrigation vertical pipe corresponding to the longitudinal dislocation sprinkling irrigation vertical pipe at the shallow buried longitudinal branch pipe end.
7. The shallow-buried sprinkler according to claim 6, wherein the shallow-buried horizontal branch pipes are directly and indirectly provided with vertical end sprinkler irrigation pipes for spacing the row spacing of the shallow-buried vertical branch pipes, and the vertical end sprinkler irrigation pipes directly connected with the shallow-buried horizontal branch pipes corresponding to the longitudinal spacing of the vertical long half-section vertical end sprinkler irrigation pipes of the shallow-buried vertical branch pipes and the vertical end sprinkler irrigation pipes indirectly connected with the vertical short half-section vertical end sprinkler irrigation pipes of the shallow-buried vertical branch pipes through the vertical extension pipes are alternately arranged in sequence.
8. The shallow irrigation sprinkler according to any one of claims 1-7, wherein the two long sides of the knock out box are connected to the intermediate regulating valve and the two side regulating valves, respectively, by side extension pipes; the middle shallow buried transverse main pipe connected with the middle regulating valve and the two side shallow buried transverse main pipes connected with the two side regulating valves are respectively connected to at least two shallow buried longitudinal branch pipes which are sequentially and adjacently spaced from far to near through a tee joint and at least one four-way symmetrical through.
9. The shallow-buried sprinkler according to claim 8, wherein the length of the middle side extension pipe connected to the middle regulating valve is greater than the length of the two side extension pipes connected to the two side regulating valves, and the length of the two side extension pipes connected to the two side regulating valves farther from the middle regulating valve is shorter.
10. The shallow-buried sprinkler according to claim 8, wherein the two long sides and the short sides of the diversion box are respectively connected with a side extension pipe and an end extension pipe, the side extension pipe is respectively connected with the middle regulating valve and the two side regulating valves through flanges, the end extension pipe is connected with the two end regulating valves through flanges, and the middle regulating valve, the two side regulating valves and the two end regulating valves are respectively connected with the shallow-buried transverse main pipe and the shallow-buried longitudinal main pipe through flanges.
CN202010962988.5A 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Shallow buried sprinkler Pending CN112005856A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203057982U (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-07-17 白俊峰 Pipe network shallowly-buried spray irrigation well
CN204616612U (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-09-09 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system
CN106258836A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-01-04 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Irrigation assembly and irrigation equipment
WO2017079875A1 (en) * 2015-11-09 2017-05-18 深圳市博世知识产权运营有限公司 Agricultural irrigation device
CN107620347A (en) * 2016-07-15 2018-01-23 何帅松 A kind of warning device of gardens supply channel
CN206923408U (en) * 2017-04-26 2018-01-26 大禹节水(酒泉)有限公司 Insert the spray apparatus that declines to a kind of hillside fields
CN110009193A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-07-12 华北水利水电大学 Consider the ecological dispatching method for reservoir of downstream agricultural crops suitable growth

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203057982U (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-07-17 白俊峰 Pipe network shallowly-buried spray irrigation well
CN204616612U (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-09-09 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Hillside fields water-saving spray irrigation system
WO2017079875A1 (en) * 2015-11-09 2017-05-18 深圳市博世知识产权运营有限公司 Agricultural irrigation device
CN107620347A (en) * 2016-07-15 2018-01-23 何帅松 A kind of warning device of gardens supply channel
CN106258836A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-01-04 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Irrigation assembly and irrigation equipment
CN206923408U (en) * 2017-04-26 2018-01-26 大禹节水(酒泉)有限公司 Insert the spray apparatus that declines to a kind of hillside fields
CN110009193A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-07-12 华北水利水电大学 Consider the ecological dispatching method for reservoir of downstream agricultural crops suitable growth

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