CN201995408U - Farmer-level practical and standard micro-irrigation system - Google Patents

Farmer-level practical and standard micro-irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201995408U
CN201995408U CN2011200748870U CN201120074887U CN201995408U CN 201995408 U CN201995408 U CN 201995408U CN 2011200748870 U CN2011200748870 U CN 2011200748870U CN 201120074887 U CN201120074887 U CN 201120074887U CN 201995408 U CN201995408 U CN 201995408U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
provided
pipe
valve
irrigation system
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Application number
CN2011200748870U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗金耀
李小平
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武汉大学
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Priority to CN2011200748870U priority Critical patent/CN201995408U/en
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Publication of CN201995408U publication Critical patent/CN201995408U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a farmer-level practical and standard micro-irrigation system which comprises a water suction pipe; wherein a water pump unit is arranged next to the tip of the water suction pipe; the rear of the water pump unit is sequentially provided with a water filling nozzle/an air outlet, a check valve, a fertilization can, a filter, a regulating valve, a main control valve, a flowmeter and a water delivery and distribution pipe network; a drain valve is arranged on the filter; the water delivery and distribution pipe network comprises a water delivery pipe and a main pipe; the main pipe is provided with branch pipes in a crossing way; the head ends of the branch pipes are provided with branch pipe filters/branch pipe control valves, and the tail ends of the branch pipes are provided with flush valves of the pipe network; the branch pipes are provided with capillaries in a crossing way; and the capillaries are provided with water irrigation devices. The utility model has the header configuration which adapt to the micro-irrigation system with different water sources; the investment is saved by about 15% than a routine design; the water is saved by about 30%, and the production is increased by about 20%; and the micro-irrigation system is convenient to install and carry out the operation management, so that the service life is prolonged by more than 1/3 than the routine design.

Description

A kind of peasant household level practical standard irrigation system

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of water-saving irrigation technique field, and to be specifically related to the plantation of a kind of suitable open country and daylight vegetables in vinyl house or economic crops, to contain area be 10 mu~100 mu, adopt different water sources, be convenient to select for use, peasant household's grade standard slight irrigation (comprising microspray irrigation and drip irrigation) system of installation, maintenance and management.

Background technology

Slight irrigation (comprising microspray irrigation and drip irrigation) is one of current state-of-the-art irrigation technique.Microspray irrigation is different from sprinkling irrigation, and for the dense planting crop, it can carry out comprehensive sprinkler irrigation, to the thin planting thing, can carry out localized irrigation; Drip emitter (water dropper) outflow is smaller, generally can only carry out localized irrigation.Slight irrigation has water saving, volume increase, saving of labor, save time, economize ground, remarkable advantage such as irrigate according to the crop needs, is that the development of various countries, the world today is efficient, the first-selected irrigation technique of water-saving irrigation.Irrigation system generally is made up of water source project, head pivot, water distributing network and irrigator four parts, and irrigation system can utilize the satisfactory river of water quality, lake, reservoir, small reservoir, irrigation canals and ditches and wellspring etc. as the water source; Head pivot generally comprises water pump, engine, control valve, safety valve, quality purifying device for water, fertilizer apparatus, measurement and protective device etc.; That water distributing network comprises is dried,, hollow billet and feed-water valve (bolt) and conduit coupling etc.; Irrigator according to structure with go out streamed differently, be divided into water dropper and mini sprinkler two big classes, generally place the face of land, some water dropper can be imbedded underground the irrigation.

Because irrigation system needs the know-how design, and need higher investment and operation and management level.The irrigation system of China great majority are built on farm of certain scale, orchard or fairly large vegetables base, its construction, operational management and cropping pattern must be implemented by the unified planning design, and on a small scale (for example in 100 mu of peasant household's level or family contracting formula, hereinafter to be referred as " peasant household's level ") the economic crops cropping pattern, and small-scale open country, daylight plastic tunnel etc., also not have at present exploitation accordingly, be convenient to the system that the user selected and installed application voluntarily.

The utility model content

The utility model is in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of and adapts to different water sources, different economic crops, makes things convenient for peasant household's selection and the easy peasant household's level irrigation system of installation, economy and durability and operational management.This kind peasant household grade standard irrigation system (comprising microspray irrigation and drip irrigation system), the irrigation system standard device that to be fit to open country and the plantation of daylight vegetables in vinyl house, to contain area is 10 mu~100 mu, adopt stem system configuration, field pipe net arrangement pattern and the irrigator at different water sources such as surface water, underground water to dispose, peasant household can select the corresponding standard configuration for use voluntarily according to cropping pattern and scale, and can install voluntarily, maintenance and management.

The technical solution adopted in the utility model:

It comprises bottom valve, suction hose, and water pump assembly, exit of pump portion is provided with water filling/exhaust outlet, non-return valve, fertilizer spreading tank, control valve successively, main control valve, filter; Filter is provided with backwash control valve and blowoff valve; Be provided with first valve, flowmeter and water distributing network behind the filter, described water distributing network comprises water-supply-pipe, and the water-supply-pipe end is provided with main, intersects on the main to be provided with arm, intersects on the arm to be provided with hollow billet, and hollow billet is provided with irrigator.

Also be provided with manometer on the above-mentioned water-supply-pipe.

The head end of above-mentioned arm is provided with branch pipe strainer and arm control valve.

The end of above-mentioned arm is provided with the pipe network flushing valve.

The technique effect that the utility model is obtained:

1, the utlity model has the open country of 10~100 mu of scales and the standard configuration irrigation system equipment and the model of plantation of daylight vegetables in vinyl house and the plantation of other economic crops; Have and adapt to different water sources (as: surface water, phreatic water, through the urban sewage of preliminary treatment etc.) irrigation system stem configuration; The output investment ratio conventional design saves about 15%; Water saving about 30%, volume increase about 20%; Be convenient to the installation and operation management, increase by 1/3 or more than conventional design service life.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.

The 1-bottom valve; The 2-suction hose; The 3-water pump assembly; 4-water filling/exhaust outlet; The 5-non-return valve; The 6-manometer; The 7-fertilizer spreading tank; The 8-control valve; The 9-main control valve; 10 ~ 12-backwash control valve; The 13-blowoff valve; The 14-filter; The 15-valve; The 16-flowmeter; The 17-water-supply-pipe; The 18-main; 19-branch pipe strainer/arm control valve; The 20-arm; The 21-hollow billet; The 22-irrigator; The 23-flushing valve.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present utility model is described further.

Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of peasant household level practical standard irrigation system, it comprises bottom valve 1, suction hose 2, and suction hose is provided with water pump assembly 3 near the end, and the suction hose termination is placed in the water source during use.Be provided with water filling/exhaust outlet 4, non-return valve 5, manometer 6, fertilizer spreading tank 7, control valve 8, main control valve 9, backwash control valve 10 ~ 12, filtering tank 14 behind the water pump assembly successively, filtering tank is provided with blowoff valve 13, valve 15, flowmeter 16 and water distributing network, described water distributing network comprises water-supply-pipe 17, the water-supply-pipe end is provided with main 18, intersect on the main and be provided with arm 20, intersection is provided with hollow billet 21 on the arm, and hollow billet is provided with irrigator 22.Also be provided with manometer 6 on the described water-supply-pipe.The end that the head end of described arm is provided with branch pipe strainer/arm control valve 19, arm is provided with flushing valve 23.Irrigator is that mini sprinkler places the face of land to irrigate or irrigator is that water dropper places the face of land or imbeds underground the irrigation.Peasant household's level practical standard irrigation system uses the satisfactory river of water quality, lake, reservoir, small reservoir, irrigation canals and ditches and wellspring etc. as the water source.

The utility model can be at the irrigation system of peasant household's level at different water sources, the resolution system difficult problem that irrigator is easy to stop up in the production application process; Standard field pipe net arrangement pattern and irrigator configuration with the peasant household's level irrigation system that adapts to Different Crop and cropping pattern; The integrated form complete set of equipments allocation plan that standard configuration, installation, the economy and durability that adapts with Different Crop cropping pattern and scale is provided and is convenient to manage.

System scale can adapt to 10 mu to 100 mu scope, and its interval is a class for 5 mu, and scale can be by performing or the lower gear configuration between any two grades.The system header configuration can be satisfied the filtration requirement at different water sources such as surface water, underground water, and can satisfy pressure control and requirements such as Flow-rate adjustment, metering.Peasant household can directly select the configuration of corresponding field pipe net arrangement pattern and irrigator for use according to different scales, and can install voluntarily, maintenance and management.

Protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to the above embodiments, and obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out various changes and distortion and not break away from scope and spirit of the present utility model the utility model.If these changes and distortion belong in the scope of the utility model claim and equivalent technologies thereof, intention then of the present utility model also comprises these changes and is out of shape interior.

Claims (4)

1. peasant household's level practical standard irrigation system, it is characterized in that: it comprises bottom valve (1), suction hose (2), water pump assembly (3), exit of pump portion is provided with water filling/exhaust outlet (4), non-return valve (5), fertilizer spreading tank (7), control valve (8) successively, main control valve (9), filter (14); Filter is provided with backwash control valve (10,11,12) and blowoff valve (13); Be provided with first valve (15), flowmeter (16) and water distributing network behind the filter, described water distributing network comprises water-supply-pipe (17), the water-supply-pipe end is provided with main (18), intersect on the main and be provided with arm (20), intersection is provided with hollow billet (21) on the arm, and hollow billet is provided with irrigator (22).
2. according to claim 1 peasant household level practical standard irrigation system, it is characterized in that: also be provided with manometer (6) on the described water-supply-pipe.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 peasant household's level practical standard irrigation systems, it is characterized in that: the head end of described arm is provided with branch pipe strainer/arm control valve (19).
4. according to claim 1 or 2 peasant household's level practical standard irrigation systems, it is characterized in that: the end of described arm is provided with pipe network flushing valve (23).
CN2011200748870U 2011-03-21 2011-03-21 Farmer-level practical and standard micro-irrigation system CN201995408U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200748870U CN201995408U (en) 2011-03-21 2011-03-21 Farmer-level practical and standard micro-irrigation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200748870U CN201995408U (en) 2011-03-21 2011-03-21 Farmer-level practical and standard micro-irrigation system

Publications (1)

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CN201995408U true CN201995408U (en) 2011-10-05

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CN2011200748870U CN201995408U (en) 2011-03-21 2011-03-21 Farmer-level practical and standard micro-irrigation system

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141205A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-06-12 新疆农垦科学院 Water and fertilizer regulation and control system of drop irrigation cotton pot plant
CN103340131A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-10-09 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Surface-irrigation field irrigation device
CN103875506A (en) * 2012-12-24 2014-06-25 潘少波 Drip irrigation system
CN104126486A (en) * 2014-08-18 2014-11-05 厦门辰一电气有限公司 Irrigation system
WO2014181351A3 (en) * 2013-04-26 2015-04-09 Eesavyasa Technologies Pvt.Ltd. Compressed air based micro irrigation systems including sprayers, sprinklers and drip irrigation
CN104663103A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-03 石河子大学 Spraying and dripping irrigating system for fruit trees
CN106879440A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-06-23 海南金德丰农业开发有限公司 Plant irrigating device
CN107360776A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-11-21 江苏大学 A kind of water medicine integration micro-spray system suitable for the dispenser of the grape leave back side

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103875506A (en) * 2012-12-24 2014-06-25 潘少波 Drip irrigation system
CN103141205A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-06-12 新疆农垦科学院 Water and fertilizer regulation and control system of drop irrigation cotton pot plant
CN103141205B (en) * 2013-03-07 2015-09-09 新疆农垦科学院 The potted plant water-fertilizer conditioning system of a kind of Stage of Cotton Under-Mulch-Drip Irrigation
WO2014181351A3 (en) * 2013-04-26 2015-04-09 Eesavyasa Technologies Pvt.Ltd. Compressed air based micro irrigation systems including sprayers, sprinklers and drip irrigation
CN103340131A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-10-09 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Surface-irrigation field irrigation device
CN104126486A (en) * 2014-08-18 2014-11-05 厦门辰一电气有限公司 Irrigation system
CN104663103A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-03 石河子大学 Spraying and dripping irrigating system for fruit trees
CN106879440A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-06-23 海南金德丰农业开发有限公司 Plant irrigating device
CN107360776A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-11-21 江苏大学 A kind of water medicine integration micro-spray system suitable for the dispenser of the grape leave back side

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111005

Termination date: 20140321

C17 Cessation of patent right